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Ma Zhiwei - - 2014
The periodontitis is one of the most prevalent diseases with alveolar resorption in adult people and is the main cause of the tooth loss. To investigate the possibility for protecting the loss of alveolar bone in periodontal diseases, a RNAi-based therapeutic strategy is applied for silencing RANK signaling using thermosensitive ...
Oliveira Rodrigo Juliano RJ Centro de Estudos em Célula Tronco, Terapia Celular e Genética Toxicológica, Núcleo de Hospital Universitário, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil . ; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde em Desenvolvimento na Região Centro-Oeste, Faculdade de Medicina "Dr. Hélio Mandetta", Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil . ; Programa de Mestrado em Farmácia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil - - 2014
β-glucan is a well-known polysaccharide for its chemopreventive effect. This study aimed to evaluate the chemopreventive ability of β-glucan in somatic and germ cells through the dominant lethal and micronucleus assays, and its influence on the reproductive performance of male mice exposed to cyclophosphamide. The results indicate that β-glucan is ...
Paganelli Massimiliano - - 2013
The role of cell differentiation state on hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication has been well demonstrated, whereas how it determines cell susceptibility to HBV entry is far less understood. We previously showed that umbilical cord matrix stem cells (UCMSC) can be differentiated towards hepatocyte-like cells in vitro. In this study ...
Bahde Ralf R Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, - - 2013
To optimize strategies for liver-directed cell therapy, prevention of initial transplanted cell losses is particularly important for subsequent liver repopulation. After cell transplantation in hepatic sinusoids, perturbations in hepatic microcirculation along with changes in various liver cell types are among the earliest changes. Therefore, for advancing further concepts in cell ...
Holz Lauren E LE Liver Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, - - 2012
Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is the most common extrahepatic manifestation of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Although the formation of inflammation-triggering immune complexes is driven by clonal expansions of autoreactive B cells, we found total B cell numbers paradoxically reduced in HCV-infected patients with MC. HCV patients with MC (n ...
Yin Chunyue C Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, - - 2012
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are liver-specific mesenchymal cells that play vital roles in liver development and injury. Our knowledge of HSC biology is limited by the paucity of in vivo data. HSCs and sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs) reside in close proximity, and interactions between these two cell types are potentially ...
Biering Scott B - - 2012
Nipah virus (NiV) is the deadliest known paramyxovirus. Membrane fusion is essential for NiV entry into host cells and for the virus' pathological induction of cell-cell fusion (syncytia). The mechanism by which the attachment glycoprotein (G), upon binding to the cell receptors ephrinB2 or ephrinB3, triggers the fusion glycoprotein (F) ...
Chun Yoon Hong - - 2012
We investigated the effects of sodium sulfite (Na(2)SO(3)) on rhinovirus (RV)-induced chemokine production in A549 airway epithelial cells. Our results demonstrated that the treatment of A549 cells with 2,500 μM Na(2)SO(3) enhanced the mRNA expression of RV-induced interleukin (IL)-8 1.8 fold (p = 0.025); and regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and ...
Yamada Masumi - - 2012
We have developed a hydrogel-based cell cultivation platform for forming 3D restiform hepatic micro-organoids consisting of primary rat hepatocytes and feeder cells (Swiss 3T3 cells). Sodium alginate solutions containing hepatocytes/3T3 cells were continuously introduced into a microfluidic channel to produce cell-incorporating anisotropic Ba-alginate hydrogel microfibers, where hepatocytes at the center ...
Costantini Verónica P - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Norovirus (NoV) is the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis worldwide. The lack of a cell culture has significantly hampered the development of effective therapies against human NoV. Clinically approved nucleoside and non-nucleoside analogues have been used successfully against RNA viruses. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of ...
Shukla Surendra Kumar - - 2012
Viral and cellular oncogenes are well known to enhance rRNA synthesis leading to increased ribosome biogenesis and cell proliferation. Our study on molecular underpinnings of the interaction between viral HBx and c-myc genes which is implicated in development of hepatocellular carcinoma, showed a marked increase in biosynthesis of rRNA, ribosomes ...
Hubbard Stephen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes significant health problems from periodical skin and corneal lesions to encephalitis. HSV entry provides a unique opportunity for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we evaluated contortrostatin (CN), an Arg-Gly-Asp motif containing disintegrin isolated from snake venom, as a novel therapeutic agent with ability to ...
Thurberg Beth L - - 2012
Acid sphingomyelinase deficiency (ASMD) is a lysosomal storage disorder characterized by the pathologic accumulation of sphingomyelin (SM) in multiple cell types, and occurs most prominently within the liver, spleen, and lungs, leading to significant clinical disease. Seventeen ASMD patients underwent a liver biopsy during baseline screening for a phase 1 ...
Ooms Laura S - - 2012
The double-stranded RNA virus mammalian reovirus displays broad cell, tissue, and host tropism. A critical checkpoint in the reovirus replication cycle resides within viral cytoplasmic inclusions, which are biosynthetic centers of genome multiplication and new-particle assembly. Replication of strain type 3 Dearing (T3) is arrested in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) ...
Kim Kwang Seok - - 2012
Interferon-gamma (IFNγ) is a cytokine with roles in immune responses as well as in tumor control. Interferon is often used in cancer treatment together with other therapies. Here we report a novel approach to enhancement of cancer cell killing by combined treatment of IFNγ with ionizing radiation. We found that ...
Maerckx Cédric C Laboratory of Pediatric Hepatology and Cell Therapy, Université Catholique de Louvain, 1200 Brussels, - - 2012
To evaluate the presence of progenitor cells in healthy adult rat liver displaying the equivalent advanced hepatogenic profile as that obtained in human. Rat fibroblastic-like liver derived cells (rFLDC) were obtained from collagenase-isolated liver cell suspensions and characterized and their phenotype profile determined using flow cytometry, immunocytochemistry, reverse transcription polymerase ...
Alibardi Lorenzo - - 2012
The process of keratinocyte differentiation was analyzed in the regenerating epidermis of the lizard Anolis carolinensis, where the genes coding for beta-proteins (beta-keratins) are known. The regenerating epidermis forms all epidermal layers found in normal scales (Oberhäutchen-, beta-, mesos-, and alpha-layer). Three specific proteins representing the larger families of beta-proteins, ...
Huang Jiayi - - 2012
Increasing evidence has shown that normal stem cells may contribute to the development and progression of cancer by acting as cancer-initiating cells. The hepatitis B virus X (HBX) protein has been implicated in the hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated liver carcinogenesis. However, the role of HBX in hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) is poorly understood. ...
Szabo Attila - - 2012
In the last three decades, the incidence of melanoma has increased worldwide and no effective treatment modalities have been developed yet. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid (polyI:C) are strong inducers of toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) and MDA5 expression, and polyI:C-induced TLR3 and MDA5 signaling specifically causes cell death ...
Lee Khai Wooi - - 2012
Cell-internalizing peptides (CIPs) can be used to mediate specific delivery of nanoparticles across cellular membrane. The objective of this study was to develop a display technique using hepatitis B virus (HBV) capsid-binding peptide as a 'nano-glue' to present CIPs on HBV nanoparticles for cell-targeting delivery. A CIP was selected from ...
Pratakpiriya Watanyoo - - 2012
Canine distemper virus (CDV) uses signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM), expressed on immune cells, as a receptor. However, epithelial and neural cells are also affected by CDV in vivo. Wild-type CDV strains showed efficient replication with syncytia in Vero cells expressing dog nectin4, and the infection was blocked by an ...
Tanimizu Naoki - - 2012
Signals derived from basal lamina components are important for developing three-dimensional architecture of epithelial tissues. Laminins consisting of α, β, and γ subunits in basal lamina play pivotal roles in the formation and maintenance of epithelial tissue structures. However, it remains unclear which laminin isoforms transmit signals and how epithelial ...
Kroeker Andrea L - - 2012
Influenza A virus exerts a large health burden during both yearly epidemics and global pandemics. However, designing effective vaccine and treatment options has proven difficult since the virus evolves rapidly. Therefore, it may be beneficial to identify host proteins associated with viral infection and replication to establish potential new antiviral ...
Paladugu Manjeera M Department of Neurosurgery, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, - - 2013
Th17 cells, a recently discovered inflammatory T cell subtype, have been implicated with autoimmune disorders. However, mechanism of generation or functions of intratumoral Th17 cells are still unclear. We have been investigating the mechanism of induction and role of Th17 cells in malignant gliomas using primary tumor as well as ...
Tanigawa Tohru - - 2012
The NO productivity of auditory cells in response to LPS was examined by using conditionally immortalized murine HEI-OC1 auditory cells. HEI-OC1 cells produced NO in response to LPS ranging from 0.1 µg/ml to 100 µg/ml in a concentration-dependent manner. LPS at 100 µg/ml exhibited no cytotoxic action against HEI-OC1 cells ...
Hu Ben-Shun BS Department of General Surgery, Jiang Yuan Hospital affiliated to Jiangsu Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Wuxi 214063, Jiangsu Province, China. - - 2012
To investigate the effects of the WWOX gene on the human hepatic carcinoma cell line SMMC-7721. Full-length WWOX cDNA was amplified from normal human liver tissues. Full-length cDNA was subcloned into pEGFP-N1, a eukaryotic expression vector. After introduction of the WWOX gene into cancer cells using liposomes, the WWOX protein ...
Wang Yingjie - - 2012
Embryonic stem (ES) cells are pluripotent cells that are capable of differentiating all the somatic cell lineages, including those in the liver tissue. We describe the generation of functional hepatic-like cells from mouse ES (mES) cells using a biodegradable polymer scaffolds and a rotating bioreactor that allows simulated microgravity. Cells ...
Gentilini Alessandra - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is highly fatal because of early invasion, widespread metastasis and lack of an effective therapy. Migration, invasion and metastasis of CCA cells are modulated by signals received from stromal cells. The SDF-1-CXCR4 axis emerges as a pivotal regulator of migration and survival of different tumor cells. AIM ...
Ugai Hideyo - - 2012
Adenoviral infection induces nucleoplasmic redistribution of a nucleolar nucleophosmin 1/NPM1/B23.1. NPM1 is preferentially localized in the nucleoli of normal cells, whereas it is also present at the nuclear matrix in cancer cells. However, the biological roles of NPM1 during infection are unknown. Here, by analyzing a pV-deletion mutant, Ad5-dV/TSB, we ...
Konakahara Shu - - 2012
We previously reported that leucine-rich repeat and fibronectin type III domain-containing 4 (LRFN4) functioned in migration and morphological change (i.e. cell elongation) of monocytic cells. Here, we examined a molecular mechanism regulating LRFN4-mediated cell elongation. We found that 14-3-3 and NCK proteins complexed with LRFN4, and they were involved in ...
Visentini Marcella - - 2012
A clonal population of B cells expressing a V(H) 1-69-encoded idiotype accumulates in hepatitis C virus (HCV) associated mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC). These cells are phenotypically heterogeneous, resembling either typical marginal zone (MZ) B cells (IgM(+) IgD(+) CD27(+) CD21(+) ) or the exhausted CD21(low) B cells that accumulate in HIV infection ...
Labowsky M - - 2012
The diffusive transfer, or paracrine delivery, of chemical factors during the interaction of an emitting cell and a receiving cell is a ubiquitous cellular process that facilitates information exchange between the cells an/or to bystander cells. In the cellular immune response this exchange governs the magnitude and breadth of killing ...
Hsu Joseph K - - 2012
Continuously dividing cells must be protected from telomeric and nontelomeric DNA damage in order to maintain their proliferative potential. Here, we report a novel telomere-protecting mechanism regulated by nucleostemin (NS). NS depletion increased the number of telomere damage foci in both telomerase-active (TA(+)) and alternative lengthening of telomere (ALT) cells ...
Nagai Noriaki - - 2012
Purpose: We previously found two mechanisms for the dysfunction in Ca(2+) regulation caused by excessive nitric oxide (NO) using the lenses of hereditary cataract model rats: the first is that NO causes a decrease in Adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) level via cytochrome c oxidase (CCO), resulting in a decrease in ATPase function; ...
Zhao Wenxiu - - 2012
Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) have immunosuppressive abilities and may be responsible for the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the mechanisms through which HSCs affect T-cell-mediated immune responses remain unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate these mechanisms. We examined the effect of HSCs on T-cell ...
Fu Yuzhi - - 2012
Until recently, there was no cell line that could produce continuously high-titer duck hepatitis virus type 1 (DHV-1). In this study, a duck embryo fibroblast (DEF) cell line was established, and the susceptibility of this cell line to DHV-1 was determined. The primary culture of DEF cells was from a ...
Xu Min - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a refractory malignancy with a high incidence and large mortality. Current strategy for the chemotherapy of HCC focuses on developing agents with better efficacy and lower toxicity. In this study, we demonstrated that the natural flavonoid oroxylin A preferentially inhibited the viability of HCC cell line ...
Bosnjak Lidija L Department of Medicine, Center for Infectious Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2012
Invariant CD1d-restricted NKT (iNKT) cells play important roles in generating protective immune responses against infections. In this study, we have investigated the role of human iNKT cells in HSV-1 infection and their interaction with epidermal keratinocytes. These cells express CD1d and are the primary target of the virus. Keratinocytes loaded ...
Wan Jianxin - - 2012
Injured renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) have been recently thought to directly contribute to the accumulation of myofibroblasts in renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis through a process of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the factors inducing RTECs to undergo EMT and the underlying mechanisms need to be further elucidated. This study ...
Tidou Abiba Sanogo - - 2012
Immunohistological and histopathological methods were used to highlight the importance of cell damages and some biomarkers for health risk assessment. A comparative study between 3 sites of the lagoons showed that the most polluted areas (Adiake and Ebrah), influenced by human activities, presented more damaged cells and stained cells in ...
Graham Rondell P D - - 2012
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is characterized by chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis, which is considered to be a cell-mediated immune reaction. Antigen-presenting cells, including Langerhans cells and dendritic cells, have been found in portal tracts and in bile duct epithelium and may play a role in the pathogenesis of PBC, but ...
Sejima Hiroe - - 2012
Persistent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection frequently causes hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the mechanisms of HCV-associated hepatocarcinogenesis and disease progression are unclear. Although the human hepatoma cell line, HuH-7, has been widely used as the only cell culture system for robust HCV replication, we recently developed new human hepatoma Li23 cell ...
Kim Young Hoon - - 2012
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) have recently been shown to suppress inflammatory responses at much lower concentrations than that the concentrations that produce an antitumor effect. In the current study, the inhibitory activity of T cell functions by three different HDACis was compared, and the mechanisms underlying the inhibitory activity were ...
De Silva Nilushi S - - 2012
Summary:  Interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) is a member of the IRF family of transcription factors and is expressed in most cell types of the immune system. Within the B-cell lineage, IRF4 is expressed in all developmental stages except during the germinal center (GC) reaction. IRF4 expression, however, is upregulated ...
Wang Huan - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most deadly human cancers. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the predominant risk factors associated with the development of HCC and complicates the treatment of HCC. In this study, we demonstrate that a HBV-positive HCC cell line HepG2.2.15, was more ...
Chen Lin - - 2012
Hepatic stem cell niche plays an important role in hepatic oval cell-mediated liver regeneration. As a component of hepatic stem cell niche, the role of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in oval cell proliferation needs further studies. In the present study, we isolated HSCs from rats at indicated time point after ...
Tzeng Wen-Pin - - 2012
Rubella virus (RUBV) replicons expressing a drug resistance gene and a gene of interest were used to select cell lines uniformly harboring the replicon. Replicons expressing GFP and a virus capsid protein GFP fusion (C-GFP) were compared. Vero or BHK cells transfected with either replicon survived drug selection and grew ...
Bürgi María de Los Milagros - - 2012
Interferons (IFNs) are potent biologically active proteins that are widely used as biopharmaceuticals, so their potency must be correctly identified. Usually, the biological activity is quantified by a bioassay based on its capacity to induce an antiviral state in target cells, but this type of assays is subject to virus ...
Sanders Jennifer A JA Department of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Rhode Island Hospital and The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI 02903 USA. - - 2012
Oval cell activation occurs under conditions of severe liver injury when normal hepatocyte proliferation is blocked. Recent studies have shown that a subset of hepatocellular carcinomas expresses oval cell markers, suggesting that these cells are targets of hepatocarcinogens. However, the signaling pathways that control oval cell activation and proliferation are ...
Li Lei - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although the migration of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is essential to the hepatic fibrotic response, the intracellular and extracellular signals that regulate their migration are poorly understood. AIMS: To investigate the role of Rho guanosine triphosphatase (Rho GTPase) signalling, specifically via RhoA, in transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1)-induced HSC ...
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