Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1247
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Hemberger Myriam - - 2004
Trophoblast cells are characterized by an invasive behavior into the surrounding uterine tissue. In rodents, an early peri-/endovascular type of invasion exerted by trophoblast giant cells can be distinguished from a late interstitial type carried out by glycogen trophoblast cells. Analysis of the molecular mechanisms of trophoblast invasion has been ...
Valand A G - - 2004
A case of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells is reported. This is an unusual malignant thyroid neoplasm with morphologic resemblance to giant cell tumor of bone. Light microscopy disclosed an undifferentiated carcinoma. Pleomorphic cells and tumour giant cells were accompanied by numerous osteoclast-like multinucleated giant cells.
Pallarés Francisco J - - 2004
The efficacy of currently available washed whole cell Streptococcus suis bacterins is generally poor. We developed and tested the efficacy of a novel ceftiofur-washed whole cell bacterin. Sixty-six, 2-week-old specific pathogen free (SPF) pigs were randomly divided into 5 groups. Three groups were vaccinated 28 and 14 d prior to ...
Levario-Carrillo Margarita - - 2004
Although prenatal exposure to pesticides has been associated with numerous adverse reproductive effects, data on the effects of such toxics in the placenta is limited. Thus, the present study was carried out to determine the morphology of the rat placenta exposed to the organophosphate pesticide methyl parathion (MP) in ad ...
El-Hashash A H K - - 2004
Differentiation of trophoblast giant cells is an early event during the process of murine embryo implantation. However, differentiation of secondary trophoblast giant cells in the rodent is still only partially understood, probably because of the lack of suitable in vitro models and cell markers. In order to advance our understanding ...
Cai Guoping - - 2004
Invasive carcinoma with osteoclast-like giant cells is an unusual type of mammary adenocarcinoma with few cases reported in the cytology literature. We present the cytologic findings in a case of invasive cribriform carcinoma of the breast containing osteoclast-like giant cells diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy. The smears displayed three-dimensional cohesive ...
Mitchum Melissa G - - 2004
SUMMARY Transgenic tobacco and Arabidopsis thaliana carrying the Arabidopsis endo-1,4-beta-glucanase (EC 3.2.1.4) Cel1 promoter fused to the beta-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene were infected with the root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, and either the tobacco cyst nematode, Globodera tabacum (tobacco), or beet cyst nematode, Heterodera schachtii (Arabidopsis). Cel1-driven GUS expression was detected ...
Tong Jiankun - - 2004
CD43 is a large heavily glycosylated protein highly expressed on T cells and actively excluded from the immunological synapse through interactions with ezrin-radixin-moesin proteins. Due to its size and charge, it has been proposed that the CD43 ectodomain acts as a physical barrier to T cell-APC interactions. We have addressed ...
Hiken Jeffrey F - - 2004
Multinucleated giant cells derive from fusion of precursor cells of the macrophage lineage. It has been proposed that the purinoreceptor P2X(7) is involved in this fusion process. Prolonged exposure of macrophages to ATP, the ligand for P2X(7), induces the formation of plasma membrane pores and eventual cell death. We took ...
Falany Josie L - - 2004
Tibolone is an important therapeutic agent used in the treatment of menopausal symptoms in many countries and has beneficial effects on menopausal and postmenopausal vasomotor, bone, vaginal and mood symptoms without affecting the endometrial, breast or cardiovascular systems. The rapid metabolism of tibolone to active metabolites including 3alpha-OH-tibolone, 3beta-OH-tibolone and ...
Kauzman Adel - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Several reports have demonstrated the presence of a high proliferative activity in central giant cell granuloma, raising the possibility that deregulation of the cell cycle may contribute to its pathogenesis. As we identified alterations of cyclin D1 in giant cell tumor of bone, and as there are histologic similarities ...
Mitsutake Susumu - - 2004
Ceramide kinase (CERK) catalyzes the conversion of ceramide to ceramide 1-phosphate (C1P) and is known to be activated by calcium. Although several groups have examined the functions of CERK and its product C1P, the functions of C1P and CERK are not understood. We studied the RBL-2H3 cell line, a widely ...
Alvarez-Lacalle E - - 2004
We show, both theoretically and experimentally, that the interface between two viscous fluids in a Hele-Shaw cell can be nonlinearly unstable before the Saffman-Taylor linear instability point is reached. We identify the family of exact elastica solutions [Nye et al., Eur. J. Phys. 5, 73 (1984)]] as the unstable branch ...
Ohshima Makoto - - 2004
A 10-year-old male mixed breed cat died after six months history of intermittent vomiting and weight loss. At necropsy, large white-colored foci were found in both kidneys, and whitish thickening of the gastric wall was present at the pyloric part of the stomach. Histopathological examination revealed that both lesions consisted ...
Hosaka Masami - - 2004
Although the mechanism of multinucleation in giant cell tumors of tendon sheath (GCTTS) remains unknown, two mechanisms have been proposed: one is cell fusion and the other amitotic division. The purpose of this study was to clarify the multinucleation process of cultured cells from GCTTS using an in vitro fluorescent ...
Gupta Kirti - - 2004
The cytologic features in twelve cases of giant-cell tumor (GCT) and five cases of giant-cell tumor of tendon sheath (GCTTS) diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) are described. All of these cases were histopathologically confirmed. The aspirates of GCT are composed of a dual population of mononucleated spindle cell and ...
Nordborg Elisabeth - - 2004
This review summarizes current diagnostic assessments and therapeutic strategies in giant cell arteritis. Giant cell arteritis or temporal arteritis is a chronic vasculitis of large and medium-size vessels. Concurrent symptoms of proximal muscular ache and morning stiffness, polymyalgia rheumatica, are commonly seen. Recent investigations support the contention that polymyalgia rheumatica ...
Naruse M - - 2004
We investigated the effects of 3-methylcholanthrene (3MC), a ligand for arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR), on osteoclastogenesis. Osteoclast-like cells, in cocultures with mouse spleen cells and clonal osteogenic stromal ST2 cells, are formed from spleen cells by a combination of the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and macrophage colony-stimulating factor ...
Goto Hitoshi - - 2003
We describe the case of a 44-year-old Japanese woman with severe nodular erythematous skin lesions and arthritis mutilans who was admitted for further treatment of multicentric reticulohistiocytosis. Skin and synovial biopsies showed heavy infiltration with tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive histiocytes and multinucleated giant cells. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that some of the ...
Coupal Dustin J - - 2003
A patient who presented with symptoms of giant cell arteritis was found to have a right ophthalmic artery occlusion. One month after initial evaluation, the peripheral retina demonstrated multiple linear bands of chorioretinal atrophy known as Siegrist streaks. Although most commonly described in the setting of acute hypertension, Siegrist streaks ...
Wormald Peter John - - 2003
The key to successful surgery in the frontal recess is a complete understanding of the anatomy. The frontal recess is behind the beak of the frontal bone between the lamina papyracea and superior portion of the middle turbinate. It is a hazardous and complex area with a range of anatomical ...
Chetty Runjan - - 2003
We report a case of a 24-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain, a tense abdomen, and rebound tenderness. A vague, ill-defined mass was palpated, and an ultrasound examination revealed a cystic lesion in the left adnexal region. At laparotomy, a slightly dilated fallopian tube was seen and excised. Light ...
Gouin F - - 2003
Light and electron microscopic investigations and studies of the resorption ability in vitro of giant cells were done in two patients with giant cell osteolytic lesions of metatarsal bone. Giant cells harvested from both patients were similar in morphologic features and ability to resorb dentin. After other diagnoses of osteolytic ...
Shoham Tsipi - - 2003
CD81 is a widely expressed tetraspanin that associates in B cells with CD19 in the CD19-CD21-CD81 signaling complex. CD81 is necessary for normal CD19 expression; cd81(-/-) B cells express lower levels of CD19, especially cd81(-/-) small pre-BII cells, which are almost devoid of surface CD19. The dependence of CD19 expression ...
Sonnemann Jürgen - - 2003
The MTT assay was used to measure the effects of pamidronate, clodronate and mevastatin on the cell viability of Ewing's sarcoma cell lines 6647, CADO-ES-1, ES-2, ES-3, RD-ES, SK-ES-1, STA-ET-2.1 and VH-64. Treatment of these cells with pamidronate inhibited cell viability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. After a 72-h ...
Quinton Reade A - - 2003
In a three month period of 2000, three suicide hanging deaths involving the use of telephone cords occurred in Texas jails and were autopsied at the Southwestern Institute of Forensic Sciences in Dallas. In each case, the telephone was located within the cell, allowing the prisoners unhindered access at any ...
Hemachandran Manikkapurath - - 2003
Myxoma is the commonest primary tumor of the heart, arising more frequently in the left than the right atrium. Here, we report a case of right atrial myxoma, arising close to the entry of the inferior vena cava, which is rich in multinucleated giant cells. No glandular elements were identified. ...
Kalo─člu C - - 2003
In order to determine the maternal changes contributing to the formation of the chorioallantoic and yolk-sac placentas, rat gestation sites were examined by light and electron microscopy on days 7 through 10 of pregnancy. On day 7, the implantation chamber showed different compartments and contained the blastocyst in the antimesometrial ...
Wooding F B P - - 2003
The uninucleate trophoblast of epitheliochorial camelid placenta produces multinucleate giant cells starting between day 30 and day 35 of pregnancy. The giant cells are found scattered along the trophoblast at similar frequency throughout gestation. Light microscope immunocytochemistry indicates that the four steroid synthesis enzymes (cholesterol side chain cleavage, 3beta-hydroxysteroid de-hydrogenase, ...
Kapila K - - 2003
Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNA) has a well-documented role in the diagnosis of cysticercosis. However, little is discussed about the associated inflammatory response in the host tissues. Aspirates from 182 cases of subcutaneous cysticercosis were semiquantitated for the type and degree of inflammatory response, and the amount and preservation of ...
Schneider Pascal - - 2003
The TNF family member BAFF is a fundamental survival factor for B cells. BAFF binds to three receptors, only one of which, BAFF-R, does not cross-react with the BAFF-related ligand APRIL. The survival function of BAFF on B cells is mediated mainly by BAFF-R and is particularly effective in transitional ...
Yamakami Iwao - - 2003
The anatomy of air cells in the petrous bone was investigated using thin-slice bone-window computed tomography (CT) of 168 petrous bones in 84 patients. Air cells in the petrous bone were classified into mastoid and petrous cells. Petrous cells were subdivided into perilabyrinthine and apical cells. Perilabyrinthine cells comprised supralabyrinthine ...
Fujigaki Yoshihide - - 2003
The present study was designed to asses the dynamic changes in macrophages (Møs) with or without expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class-II molecule in response to uranyl acetate-induced acute renal failure (ARF) in rats. ED1+ monocytes/Møs infiltrated into the interstitium as early as day 2, peaked in number on ...
Prieur-Carrillo Geraldine - - 2003
This study was designed to examine the viability and proliferation of uninucleated and multinucleated giant cells formed after 6 Gy X irradiation. The pedigrees of 102 individual EJ30 giant cells present 5 days after irradiation were analyzed from time-lapse movies captured over 6.3 days from 100 fields (100x). Pedigree analysis ...
Fadare Oluwole - - 2003
Neoplasms that are composed focally, predominantly, or exclusively of osteoclast-like giant cells admixed with variably pleomorphic mononuclear cells have been described in a wide variety of organs. In this report, we describe the case of a 76-year-old woman with an 8-cm tumor that appeared to be localized to the ovary, ...
Jaquemar Daniel - - 2003
The intermediate filament protein keratin 8 (K8) is critical for the development of most mouse embryos beyond midgestation. We find that 68% of K8-/- embryos, in a sensitive genetic background, are rescued from placental bleeding and subsequent death by cellular complementation with wild-type tetraploid extraembryonic cells. This indicates that the ...
Meyer Tanya K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Described by Schaefer in 1916, frontal cells have been implicated as a cause of frontal recess obstruction. In this cross-sectional study, we determine the prevalence of frontal cells and other anatomic variants and examine their relationships. METHODS: Coronal computed tomography scans of the sinuses performed from January 2000 to ...
Rossi Marcos A - - 2003
We report a case of a 27-year-old man who died suddenly 2 days after being discharged from the intensive care unit where he had resided for 25 days due to severe sepsis. On postmortem examination, the findings were restricted to the heart and characterized by microvascular myocardial damage with giant ...
Krishnamurthy Konduru - - 2003
Potato virus X (PVX) TGBp3 is required for virus cell-to-cell movement. Cell-to-cell movement of TGBp3 was studied using biolistic bombardment of plasmids expressing GFP:TGBp3. TGBp3 moves between cells in Nicotiana benthamiana, but requires TGBp1 to move in N. tabacum leaves. In tobacco leaves GFP:TGBp3 accumulated in a pattern resembling the ...
Pengal Ruma A - - 2003
SHIP-2, a recently identified inositol 5'-phosphatase, shares high level homology with SHIP-1. Although the role of SHIP-1 has been extensively studied, the role of SHIP-2 in myeloid cell functions is not known. Here, we have analyzed the expression patterns, molecular mechanism of activation, and function of SHIP-2 in human myeloid ...
Zybina Tatiana G - - 2003
Simultaneous determinations of DNA content in cell nuclei and condensed chromatin bodies formed by heterochromatized regions of sex chromosomes (gonosomal chromatin bodies, GCB) have been performed in two trophoblast cell populations of the East-European field vole Microtus rossiaemeridionalis: in the proliferative population of trophoblast cells of the junctional zone of ...
Maeda Kenkou - - 2003
OBJECT: The nature and origin of multinucleated giant cells in glioma have not been made clear. To investigate the phosphorylation of intermediate filaments, the authors studied multinucleated giant cells in vitro and in vivo by using mitosis-specific phosphorylated antibodies. METHODS: Cultured human glioma cells were immunostained with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) ...
Pötgens A J G - - 2003
We developed a method for isolating highly pure villous cytotrophoblast cells from first trimester and term placenta that excludes extravillous trophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast fragments. The method is based on positive immunoselection using an antibody (mAb C76/18) reacting with hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor 1, HAI-1, a membrane antigen on villous ...
Fujikawa-Yamamoto Kohzaburo - - 2003
Tetraploid Meth-A cells were polyploidized by demecolcin, an inhibitor of spindle fibre formation in M phase, and then released from the drug 1, 2, 3 and 4 days after the addition. Octaploid cells were successfully established from cell populations including hexadecaploid cells produced by 2, 3 and 4 days of ...
Itonaga I - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Giant cell granuloma (GCG) is an osteolytic tumour of the jaw which is characterised by the presence of both mononuclear and multinucleated (osteoclast-like) giant cell components. The nature of these component cells and the pathogenesis of the extensive osteolysis associated with this lesion is uncertain. METHODS: Using cell culture ...
Wilkerson Anne - - 2003
Cutaneous North American blastomycosis is characterized clinically by verrucous nodules and histologically by pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia, intraepidermal neutrophilic microabscesses, and a dermal mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate containing giant cells. We describe a patient who presented clinically with erythematous nodules and plaques on the lower extremities characterized histologically by a diffuse neutrophilic ...
Gonçalves Cláudia Regina - - 2003
Shortly after the onset of implantation, polar mouse trophoblast cells proliferate and give rise to the ectoplacental cone, constituted by two distinct cell populations: undifferentiated, diploid cells and giant cells. Giant cells characteristically exhibit exaggerated dimensions and polyploid nuclei. In this study, we employ ectoplacental cones as a dynamic source ...
Doyle Elizabeth A - - 2003
Root-knot nematodes are obligate plant parasites that alter plant cell growth and development by inducing the formation of giant cells for feeding. Nematodes inject secretions from their esophageal glands through their stylet and into plant cells to induce giant cell formation. Meloidogyne javanica chorismate mutase 1 (MjCM-1) is one such ...
Mohamed A. Elwakil
The anatomy of eggplant roots as affected by the application of IAA, <I>Agrobacterium tumefaciens</I> and <I>Meloidogyne incognita</I> alone and in combination was studied. IAA and <I>A. tumefaciens</I>, alone and in combination increased the root diameter, cortex thickness, number of cortex layers, stele diameter, number of xylem vessels but decreased the ...
Okamoto Hiroyuki - - 2003
Multinucleated giant cells are characteristic of a monocyte-macrophage lineage in sarcoidosis and consist of two types of cells: Langhans-type with an arcuate arrangement of nuclei and a foreign-body type with random arrangement of nuclei. To compare these cells in the cutaneous lesions of sarcoidosis, we histologically and immunohistologically examined multinucleated ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >