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Results 401 - 450 of 3317
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Gondi Christopher S - - 2010
We have previously demonstrated the multipotent nature of human umbilical cord blood stem cells (hUCB). In this study, we have attempted to show the use of hUCB in glioma therapy. We used hUCB enriched in CD44 and CD133 cells for our studies and observed that glioma cells co-cultured with hUCB ...
Leelawat Surang - - 2010
Currently, only gemcitabine plus platinum demonstrates the considerable activity for cholangiocarcinoma. The anticancer effect of Delta (9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal active component of cannabinoids has been demonstrated in various kinds of cancers. We therefore evaluate the antitumor effects of THC on cholangiocarcinoma cells. Both cholangiocarcinoma cell lines and surgical specimens ...
Leelawat Surang - - 2010
Currently, only gemcitabine plus platinum demonstrates the considerable activity for cholangiocarcinoma. The anticancer effect of Delta (9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal active component of cannabinoids has been demonstrated in various kinds of cancers. We therefore evaluate the antitumor effects of THC on cholangiocarcinoma cells. Both cholangiocarcinoma cell lines and surgical specimens ...
Conrad David M - - 2010
Flunarizine is a Ca(2+) channel blocker that can be either cytoprotective or cytotoxic, depending on the cell type that is being examined. We show here that flunarizine was cytotoxic for Jurkat T-leukemia cells, as well as for other hematological maligancies, but not for breast or colon carcinoma cells. Treatment of ...
Abrams Stephen L - - 2010
The effects of inhibition of the Raf/MEK/ERK and PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathways and chemotherapeutic drugs on cell cycle progression and drug sensitivity were examined in cytokine-dependent FL5.12 hematopoietic cells. We examined their effects, as these cells resemble normal hematopoietic precursor cells as they do not exhibit "oncogene-addicted" growth, while they do ...
Onda Keiko - - 2010
B cell-activating factor belonging to the tumor necrosis factor superfamily (BAFF) is a crucial factor for B cell development and is involved in the survival of malignant B cells, but its effect on B cell precursors (BCPs) remains unclear. We investigated BCP acute lymphoblastic leukemia (-ALL) cells for BAFF receptor ...
Yedjou Clement G - - 2010
Lead exposure represents a medical and public health emergency, especially in children consuming high amounts of lead-contaminated flake paints. It may also cause hematological effects to people of all ages. Recent studies in our laboratory have indicated that apoptosis may be associated with the lead-induced oxidative stress and DNA damage. ...
Madlener S - - 2010
Digalloyl-resveratrol (di-GA) is a synthetic compound aimed to combine the biological effects of the plant polyhydroxy phenols gallic acid and resveratrol, which are both radical scavengers and cyclooxygenase inhibitors exhibiting anticancer activity. Their broad spectrum of activities may probably be due to adjacent free hydroxyl groups. Protein activation and expression ...
Hafner Christian - - 2010
FGFR3 mutations have recently been identified in several benign epidermal skin lesions such as seborrheic keratosis, epidermal nevus and solar lentigo. The functional consequences of these mutations in human skin are as yet unknown. In this study we analyzed the functional effects of the most common FGFR3 mutation in benign ...
Gallotta Dario - - 2010
Rimonabant (SR141716), a cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist known for anti-obesity activity, has more recently been shown to inhibit tumor cell growth. Here we demonstrated the antitumor potential of SR141716 in leukemia-derived cell lines and its low toxicity in normal cells (PBMC). SR141716 (1-20microM range of doses) reduced Jurkat and U937 ...
Karasic Thomas B - - 2010
Resistance of cancer cells to apoptosis is dependent on a balance of multiple genetic and epigenetic mechanisms, which up-regulate efficacy of the surviving growth factor-receptor signaling pathways and suppress death-receptor signaling pathways. The Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 Receptor (IGF-1R) signaling pathway is highly active in metastatic melanoma cells by mediating downstream ...
Zheng Jie - - 2010
Akt and mTOR are therapeutic targets for the treatment of cancer. The effects of inhibiting mTOR, with rapamycin, and Akt, with A-443654, concurrently, on cell morphology, cell proliferation, the cell cycle, and apoptosis were examined using the benign MCF10A and malignant MCF10CA1a human breast epithelial cells. Rapamycin and A-443654 in ...
Verissimo Carla S - - 2010
Doublecortin-like kinase-long (DCLK-long) and doublecortin-like (DCL) are two splice variants of DCLK gene. DCL and DCLK-long are microtubule-associated proteins with specific expression in proliferative neural progenitor cells. We have tested the hypothesis that knockdown of DCL/DCLK-long by RNA interference technology will induce cell death in neuroblastoma (NB) cells. First, we ...
Racz Boglarka - - 2010
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a widely distributed endogenous neuropeptide, also occurring in the cardiovascular system. Among others, PACAP has been suggested as a cardioprotective factor. It has been shown that PACAP inhibits cardiac fibrosis and protects cardiomyocytes against oxidative stress and in vitro ischemia/reperfusion. The aim of the ...
Cakir Zeynep - - 2011
Acute promyelocytic leukemia results from a translocation between 15 and 17 chromosomes that produce PML/RARα fusion protein. PML/RARα inhibits differentiation of myeloid precursor cells at stem cell level. Resveratrol is a phytoalexin that exerts cytotoxic effects on cancer cells. Ceramides have crucial roles in cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, drug resistance, ...
Voutsadakis Ioannis A - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2) inhibitor aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, ASA) and proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in the proliferation and apoptosis of colorectal cancer cell lines. METHODS: MTT assay, trypan blue exclusion and DNA fragmentation have been used to investigate cell proliferation and apoptosis in the presence of drugs. ...
Gao Ming - - 2010
Arsenite (As(III)), an effective chemotherapeutic agent for the acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and multiple myeloma (MM), might be also a promise for the therapy of other cancers, including the solid tumors. However, the molecular bases of arsenite-induced cytotoxicity in the tumor cells have not been fully defined. In this study, ...
Shi Lin - - 2010
Conventional chemotherapy is still frequently used. Programmed cell death 5 (PDCD5) enhances apoptosis of various tumor cells triggered by certain stimuli and is lowly expressed in leukemic cells from chronic myelogenous leukemia patients. Here, we describe for the first time that recombinant human PDCD5 protein (rhPDCD5) in combination with chemotherapy ...
Ali Shadan - - 2010
Curcumin induces cancer cell growth arrest and apoptosis in vitro, but its poor bioavailability in vivo limits its antitumor efficacy. We have previously evaluated the bioavailability of novel analogues of curcumin compared with curcumin, and we found that the analogue CDF exhibited greater systemic and pancreatic tissue bioavailability. In this ...
Johansson Ulrika - - 2011
Dendritic cell derived IL-12p70 stimulates IFN-γ production in naïve T cells, thereby promoting Th1 responses, which counteracts induction of tolerance. Uptake of apoptotic cells by dendritic cells is generally considered to induce tolerance rather than immune activation and has been shown to specifically inhibit IL-12 production. However, we previously demonstrated ...
Rodrigo Gloria - - 2010
Curcuphenol is a sesquiterpene isolated from sponges and plants having several significant biological activities. The present study explored its effect on cell proliferation and apoptosis in Caco-2 human colon cancer cells. It was demonstrated that curcuphenol in concentrations in the range of 29-116 µg/ml inhibited cell proliferation and DNA replication ...
Lam Sze Kwan - - 2010
A dimeric 64 kDa HA (haemagglutinin) was isolated with a high yield from dried Phaseolus vulgaris cultivar 'French bean number 35' seeds. It inhibited the proliferation of hepatoma HepG2 cells and breast cancer MCF-7 cells with an IC50 of 100 and 2 microM respectively. After exposure of MCF-7 cells to ...
Thanasai Jongkonnee - - 2010
AIM: To evaluate the role of thymidine phosphorylase (TP) in cholangiocarcinoma using small interfering RNA (siRNA). METHODS: A human cholangiocarcinoma-derived cell line KKU-M139, which has a naturally high level of endogenous TP, had TP expression transiently knocked down using siRNA. Cell growth, migration, in vitro angiogenesis, apoptosis, and cytotoxicity were ...
Guo Yuming - - 2010
Copper sulfide amorphous nanoparticles and nanocrystals were prepared successfully by a special process. These CuS nanoparticles could specifically and significantly induce the apoptosis and inhibit the proliferation of human cancer cells rather than normal cells. Moreover, the biological activities of these nanoparticles are related to their polymorphs.
Rieger Aja M - - 2010
The advent of flow cytometry-based applications has significantly impacted the study of cellular apoptosis. Propidium iodide (PI) is a commonly used viability stain in these studies. Unfortunately, we find that conventional Annexin V/PI protocols lead to a significant number of false positive events (up to 40%), which are associated with ...
Abu Bakar Mohd Fadzelly - - 2010
An extract of Mangifera pajang kernel has been previously found to contain a high content of antioxidant phytochemicals. The present research was conducted to investigate the anticancer potential of this kernel extract. The results showed that the kernel crude extract induced cytotoxicity in MCF-7 (hormone-dependent breast cancer) cells and MDA-MB-231 ...
Zhai D-D - - 2010
Artemisia annua is a rich source of many bioactive substances, and in our recent work, a new sesquiterpene, (Z)-7-acetoxy-methyl-11-methyl-3-methylene-dodeca-1,6,10-triene (AMDT), was isolated and identified from hairy roots culture of A. annua, and its bioactivity was characterized in this work. AMDT showed moderate cytotoxic activities against the human tumor cell lines ...
Zhou Ting - - 2010
Recent evidence has suggested that Akt2 plays an important role in the protection of cells from paclitaxel (PTX)-induced apoptosis and control of the cell cycle. In addition, some scholars suggested that the PTX sensitivity depends on a functional spindle assembly checkpoint. In the present study, we investigated the role of ...
Semenov Dmitry V - - 2010
We recently isolated and characterized a human milk peptide, lactaptin, which induced apoptosis of cultured human MCF-7 cells. Lactaptin was identified as a proteolytic fragment of human kappa-casein. Here, we generated two recombinant analogs of the peptide, RL1 and RL2, containing truncated and complete amino acid sequences of lactaptin, respectively. ...
Zou Jun - - 2010
Osteosarcoma is the most frequent malignant bone tumor with a peak incidence in the second and third decades of life. Survivin, a member of the IAP family of proteins, is overexpressed in osteosarcomas and plays an important role in protecting cells from apoptosis. Here we investigated the anti-cancer effects of ...
Loar Paul - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Up-regulation of glycolysis has been demonstrated in multiple tumor types and is believed to originate as an adaptive response to the selective pressure of the tumor microenvironment. We hypothesized that ovarian cancer cells are dependent on the glycolytic pathway for adenosine triphosphate generation and that this phenotype could be ...
Wang Lin - - 2010
Akt pathway plays an important role in cell growth and apoptosis. This study was to characterize the role of Akt in the synergistic effects of thermo-chemotherapy on lung cancer cell growth and its underlying mechanisms. H446 cells were subjected to different thermo-chemotherapy schemes: 43centigrade + paclitaxel (120 microg/L) (thermo-chemotherapy group), ...
Wang Xiao-Nan - - 2010
Leukemia is a malignant tumor highly dependent on nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-kappaB), which is relevant for the occurrence, metastasis, proliferation, apoptosis, and drug resistance of tumor cells. Research has confirmed that the NF-kappaB family is one of the target genes in the Notch signaling pathway. This ...
Jeanne Sylvie - - 2010
Nanoparticles from implanted materials are reported as the main cause of implant failure. Monocytes are among the first cells to colonize the inflammatory site. We evaluated the biological effects of bone substitutes presented to U937 cells in vitro as micron- or nanometer-sized particles. The HA (550 nm) and beta-TCP (550 ...
Gibellini Davide - - 2010
Bone mass loss with the subsequent development of osteopenia and osteoporosis is related to HIV infection and antiretroviral treatment, even though the mechanisms involved have not yet been elucidated. In this report analyzes the early effects of some specific protease inhibitors on OPG/RANKL yielding and cell survival in osteoblast-like HOBIT ...
Yasuda S - - 2010
To establish cheese as a dairy product with health benefits, we examined the multifunctional role of cheeses. In this report, we clarify whether different types of commercial cheeses may possess antiproliferative activity using HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cell lines as a cancer model. Among 12 cheese extracts tested, 6 (Montagnard, ...
Hu Haiyan - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules that are widely involved in cancer-related processes. The microRNA-21 (miR-21) has been identified as the only miRNA overexpressed in a variety of cancers, including leukemia. However, the function of miR-21 is yet unknown in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs), as inhibitors ...
Yang Eun-Ju - - 2010
The medicinal herb Jinpi, derived from the dried stem barks of Fraxinus rhynchophylla belonging to Oleaceae is widely used as a variety of Korean folk remedies for anti-inflammatory, febricide, antidiarrhea, and antileukorrhea diseases. In the course of screening antidementia agents from natural products, F. rhynchophylla showed significant inhibitory activity toward ...
Chiu Hui-Wen - - 2010
The traditional treatments for fibrosarcoma have limited efficacy. Therefore, new therapeutic strategies and/or new adjuvant drugs still need to be explored. Accumulating evidence indicates that programmed cell death (PCD) is closely related to anticancer therapy. Many studies have shown that tumor cells treated with anticancer drugs experience the induction of ...
Jin Haixia - - 2010
3-Bromoacetamino-4-methoxy-benzoylurea (F13) is a benzoylurea derivative selected from the library of small molecule tubulin ligands. Our earlier data showed that F13 had lost the capacity to interrupt microtubule dynamics while reserving anticancer activity. In this study, we found that F13 greatly inhibited cell proliferation in various human cancer cells. At ...
Zhu Hong - - 2010
Combretastatin A-4 (CA-4) is a tubulin-binding compound currently in phase II trial as a tumor vascular-targeting agent. The present study evaluates the anti-tumor activities and establishes the mechanism of the action of 4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-amine(XN0502), a novel synthesized CA-4 analogue, in an effort towards finding the favorable therapeutics of CA-4 derivatives. XN0502 ...
Fan Lu-Lu - - 2010
AIM: To investigate whether melatonin has synergistic effects with doxorubicin in the growth-inhibition and apoptosis-induction of human hepatoma cell lines HepG2 and Bel-7402. METHODS: The synergism of melatonin and doxorubicin inhibited the cell growth and induced cell apoptosis in human hepatoma cell lines HepG2 and Bel-7402. Cell viability was analyzed ...
Bai Fangfang - - 2010
Vibrio harveyi hemolysin (VHH) is considered a major pathogenic virulence factor to fish. However, the VHH active-site mutant has lost all hemolytic and phospholipase activities as well as pathogenicity. In this study, the effect of VHH on erythrocytes and a gill cell line from flounder was elucidated. Erythrocyte membranes formed ...
Chitambar Christopher R - - 2010
Combination chemotherapy forms the backbone of cancer treatment. There is a need for new drug combinations for the treatment of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Herein, we show that gallium maltolate, a novel gallium compound, synergizes with bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, to induce cell death in MCL Granta cells. Cells exposed ...
Aluigi M G - - 2010
The NTera2/D1 (NT2) cell line, which was derived from a human teratocarcinoma, exhibits properties that are characteristics of a committed neuronal precursor at an early stage of differentiation. Its property to express a whole set of molecules related to the cholinergic neurotransmission system, including active acetylcholinesterase (AChE, EC 3.1.1.7) makes ...
Kinchen Jason M - - 2010
Engulfment of apoptotic cells occurs throughout life in multicellular organisms. Impaired apoptotic cell clearance (due to defective recognition, internalization or degradation) results in autoimmune disease. One fundamental challenge in understanding how defects in corpse removal translate into diseased states is the identification of critical components orchestrating the different stages of ...
Shahidi-Noghabi Shahnaz - - 2010
Sambucus nigra agglutinins I and II, further referred to as SNA-I and SNA-II, are two ricin-related lectins from elderberry. SNA-I is a chimeric lectin composed of an A-chain with enzymatic activity and a B-chain with carbohydrate-binding activity, and therefore belongs to the group of type 2 ribosome-inactivating proteins. In contrast, ...
Boyan B D - - 2010
Previously we showed that costochondral growth plate resting zone (RC) chondrocytes response primarily to 24R,25(OH)2D3 whereas prehypertrophic and hypertrophic (GC) cells respond to 1alpha,25(OH)2D3. 24R,25(OH)2D3 increases RC cell proliferation and inhibits activity of matrix processing enzymes, suggesting it stabilizes cells in the reserve zone, possibly by inhibiting the matrix degradation ...
Leone Stefano - - 2010
Resveratrol, a stilbene found in grapes and wine, is one of the most interesting natural compound due to its role exerted in cancer prevention and therapy. In particular, resveratrol is able to delay cell cycle progression and to induce apoptotic death in several cell lines. Here we report that resveratrol ...
Brossard Dominique - - 2010
The novelty of this work derives from the use of nitrogenous heterocycles as building block in the synthesis of conjugate bile acid derivatives. New piperazinyl bile acid derivatives were synthesized and tested in vitro against various human cancer cells (GBM, KMS-11, HCT-116). The best pro-apoptotic activity was obtained with N-[4N-cinnamylpiperazin-1-yl)-3alpha,7beta-dihydroxy-5beta-cholan-24-amide ...
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