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Results 301 - 350 of 3321
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Wu Yulin - - 2010
Breviscapine is a flavonoid constituent isolated from a traditional Chinese herb Erigerin breviscapus (Vant.) Hand-Mazz. To investigate the apoptosis-inducing effect of breviscapine on human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 and explore the relative molecular mechanisms. HepG2 cells were treated with breviscapine at different concentrations and the inhibitory rate was analyzed ...
Kim Jinoh - - 2010
Efficient clearance of cells undergoing apoptotic death is crucial for normal tissue homeostasis and for the prevention of autoimmunity. Engulfment of apoptotic cells is finely regulated by a highly redundant system of receptors and bridging molecules. We developed a rapid and efficient method for the identification of human natural IgM ...
Kitagawa Junichi - - 2011
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of acyclic retinoid (ACR) and vitamin K(2) (VK(2)) in HL-60 cells. We used HL-60 cells, and the Trypan Blue dye exclusion method was used for cell proliferation assays. For detection of apoptosis, the Annexin V-binding capacity of treated cells was ...
Kusumoto Ken-ichi - - 2010
Didodecyldimethylammonium bromide (DDAB) is widely used for an efficient delivery system into mammalian cells. However, the biological activities of DDAB nanoparticles in mammalian cells are insufficiently understood. The purpose of this study was to establish a critical role of DDAB in cellular response. Here, we demonstrate that DDAB is a ...
Mohan Syam - - 2010
The plant Typhonium flagelliforme (TF), commonly known as 'rodent tuber' in Malaysia, is often used as traditional remedy for cancer, including leukemia. We had previously identified morphologically that the linoleic acid rich fraction (DCM/F7) from the tubers of this plant induces selective anti-proliferative effects and apoptosis in CEMss cells. In ...
Lee Jung Il - - 2011
PANAX GINSENG has been reported to have cancer-preventive properties and, through anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and pro-apoptotic mechanisms, to influence gene expression. However, the comparison of Korean white ginseng (WG) and red ginseng (RG) in their apoptotic effects and the identification of the selective cellular uptake of the ginsenosides in human breast ...
Baran-Marszak Fanny - - 2010
The deregulation of several transcription factors contribute to the aggressive course of mantle cell lymphoma. This study focuses on survival signals emanating from the tumor environment and involving the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3 through cytokines or antigen recognition. Primary mantle cell lymphoma cells were isolated from ...
Li Gui-Ling - - 2010
To evaluate the cytotoxicity and apoptosis induction effects of a novel lipid-soluble extract (PE) from Pinellia pedatisecta Schott on CaSki, HeLa and HBL-100 cells. Particularly, the effect of PE on HPV E6 gene expression was tested, and the mechanism of its apoptosis induction effect was also studied. Cell viability was ...
Hu Weicheng - - 2010
Kalopanax pictus is a deciduous tree used in traditional medicine; its leaves are also consumed as a vegetable. In this study, the ethyl acetate fraction of K. pictus leaves (EFK) was tested in vitro for anticancer activity against four cell lines: human colon cancer (HT-29) cells, human stomach cancer (NCI-N87) ...
You Bo Ra - - 2010
Suberoyl bishydroxamic acid (SBHA) as a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor has various cellular effects such as cell growth and apoptosis. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of SBHA on the growth and death of A549 lung cancer cells. SBHA inhibited the growth of A549 cells with an IC(50) ...
Braun S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ketamine has been shown to have neurotoxic properties, when administered neuraxially. The mechanism of this local toxicity is still unknown. Therefore, we investigated the mechanism of cytotoxicity in different human cell lines in vitro. METHODS: We incubated the following cell types for 24 h with increasing concentrations of S(+)-ketamine ...
Yang Xiao-Hong XH Laboratory of Medicine Engineering, Medical College, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410013, Hunan Province, - - 2010
To investigate whether the apoptotic activities of 8-bromo-7-methoxychrysin (BrMC) involve reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HCC). HepG2, Bel-7402 and L-02 cell lines were cultured in vitro and the apoptotic effects of BrMC were evaluated by flow cytometry (FCM) after ...
Dumont Ewald A W J - - 2010
For breast reconstruction, the deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap has become standard therapy. A feared complication is partial or even total flap loss. In a novel murine model of partial DIEP flap loss, the contribution of apoptotis to flap loss was investigated. The clinically available apoptosis-inhibiting compound minocycline was ...
Kim Jae Young - - 2010
The authors describe a proposed 15-μm-sized, single-cellular-level, and cell-manipulatable microplasma jet device with a microcapillary glass tip and its potential in the development of cancer treatment therapies. The electrical and optical properties of the plasma jets and preliminary apoptosis results of cultured murine tumor cells and non-tumor fibroblast cells treated ...
Hu Gui - - 2010
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRs) are single-stranded, noncoding RNAs that are important in many biological processes. Although the oncogenic and tumor-suppressive functions of several miRs have been characterized, their precise biological roles remain largely unexplored. In the present study, the ...
Ganbold Munkhchimeg - - 2010
Oldenlandia diffusa is a traditional Chinese herbal remedy with known cytotoxic activity in vitro and in vivo. The aim of the study was to identify the most cytotoxic constituents of a water extract (a decoction is traditionally used as a treatment) by HPLC and activity-guided fractionation. The bioavailability of the ...
Bartolomé Fernando - - 2010
Statins may exert beneficial effects on Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Based on the antineoplastic and apoptotic effects of statins in a number of cell types, we hypothesized that statins may be able to protect neurons by controlling the regulation of cell cycle and/or apoptosis. A growing body of evidence indicates ...
Zhang Pan - - 2010
We have previously shown that there is a deficiency in the structural protein, nonerythroid alpha spectrin (alphaIISp), in cells from patients with Fanconi anemia (FA). These studies indicate that this deficiency is due to the reduced stability of alphaIISp and correlates with a decreased level of repair of DNA interstrand ...
Zhen Hong-Ying - - 2011
Lidamycin (LDM, also known as C-1027) as an anti-cancer agent inhibits growth in a variety of cancer cells by inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. In this study we demonstrated that inhibition of mouse embryonic carcinoma (EC) cell growth using LDM at low concentrations can be attributed to a loss ...
Rak-MardyƂa Agnieszka - - 2010
To determine the effect of ghrelin on placental cell proliferation, apoptosis and hormone secretion we cultured human JEG-3 cells with 100, 250, 500 or 1000 pg/ml of ghrelin for 48 hours. Ghrelin stimulated cell proliferation and decreased caspase-3 activity. All of the investigated ghrelin concentrations decreased progesterone (P(3)) but had ...
Cruickshanks Nichola - - 2010
Hsp90alpha's vital role in cell cycle progression and apoptosis together with its presence in gliomas and absence in normal tissue, make it a credible target for cancer therapy. Three sets of dsRNA oligos designed to align different regions of the hsp90alpha sequence were used to downregulate hsp90alpha. SiRNA 1, 2, ...
Albert-Baskar Arul - - 2010
The present study was aimed at evaluating the chemopreventive property of Cynodon dactylon. The antioxidant, antiproliferative and apoptotic potentials of the plant were investigated by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, nitric oxide radical scavenging activity (NO(-)) and MTT assay on four cancer cell lines (COLO 320 DM, MCH-7, AGS, A549) and a ...
Guo Yu - - 2010
Several studies have discovered that PI3K/Akt/ mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway played an important role in the development of cancer. In this study, we examined the effects of antisense pEGFP-C1-mTOR on cell proliferation, apoptosis and migration of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, HepG2 and SMMC7721 in vitro. We also ...
Chu Sheng-Hua - - 2010
Cell culture, tissue chemistry and flow cytometry were used to determine whether antisense c-Met oligodeoxynucleotides enhanced the sensitivity of human glioma cells to paclitaxel. A combination of paclitaxel with antisense c-Met oligodeoxynucleotides inhibited cell growth, induced apoptosis and induced c-Met protein expression in U251 and SHG44 human glioma cells more ...
Kuo Kai-Wei - - 2010
Understanding and controlling the interactions between nanoscale objects and living cells is of great importance for diagnostic imaging and therapeutic applications. Quantum dots (QDs) have remarkable optical characteristics, such as uniquely feature bright, photostable, tunable and narrow fluorescence emissions, as well as broad absorption spectra. Here we report a platform ...
Koto Kazutaka - - 2010
Third-generation bisphosphonates are known to inhibit bone resorption and also appear to exhibit direct anti-tumour activity. We previously reported that third-generation bisphosphonates such as zoledronic acid (ZOL) have a direct antitumour effect, and synergistically augment the effects of antitumor agents in osteosarcoma cells. There has been no report on the ...
Yang Guo-Fu - - 2010
Osteosarcoma is a common primary malignant tumor of bone with a poor prognosis due to its propensity for metastasis. The prognosis of patients is highly dependent on the presence or absence of lung metastasis and on the effectiveness of treatment against it. It has been reported that low level expression ...
Rao Sunita D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a polyphenol constituent present in green tea previously shown to inhibit cancer growth. However, studies on human ovarian cancer are limited. This study evaluated, the effects of EGCG as a potential anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic agent in the human ovarian cancer line, SKOV-3. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ...
Park Jong-Hwan - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy has been developed as an alternative therapy of cancer. The aim of this study was to examine whether PDT with hexenyl ester of 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA-hx) inhibits the proliferation of the salivary gland adenocarcinoma SGT cells. Cell proliferation was examined by MTT assay. The gene expression of Coproporphyrinogen ...
Qiu Peiju - - 2010
Hydroxylated polymethoxyflavones (PMFs) are a class of novel flavonoid compounds mainly found in citrus plants. We studied the effects of three major 5-hydroxy PMFs, namely: 5-hydroxy-6,7,8,3',4'-pentamethoxyflavone, 5-hydroxy-3,6,7,8,3',4'-hexamethoxyflavone, and 5-hydroxy-6,7,8,4'-tetramethoxyflavone, on human colon cancer HCT116 and HT29 cells. Their effects were compared with those produced by their permethoxylated counterparts, namely: nobiletin, ...
Han Yong Hwan - - 2010
Carbonyl cyanide p-(trifluoromethoxy) phenylhydrazone (FCCP) is an uncoupler of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria. This study evaluated the effects of FCCP on the growth of juxtaglomerular As4.1 cells in relation to the cell cycle and apoptosis. FCCP inhibited the growth of As4.1 cells with an IC(50) of approximately 10 muM ...
Cilla A - - 2010
Colorectal cancer risks could be reduced by polyphenol-rich diets that inhibit tumour cell growth. To determine the polyphenolic profile of four fruit beverages (FbZn, FbZnFe, FbZnM and FbZnFeM) as affected by the presence of Zn with/without Fe and with/without skimmed milk, and the digestion conditions. To evaluate the antiproliferative activity ...
Rutkowski Rachael - - 2010
Recognition of apoptotic cells by phagocytic cells in Caenorhabditis elegans has been something of a mystery. A secreted transthyretin-like protein, TTR-52, has been identified as a bridging molecule between apoptotic cells and CED-1 on the phagocytic cells that engulf them.
Lu Chi-Cheng CC Department of Life Sciences, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, - - 2010
Anthraquinone compounds have been shown to induce apoptosis in different cancer cell types. Effects of chrysophanol, an anthraquinone compound, on cancer cell death have not been well studied. The goal of this study was to examine if chrysophanol had cytotoxic effects and if such effects involved apoptosis or necrosis in ...
Clements Debbie - - 2010
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a progressive disease caused by accumulation of metastatic (LAM) cells in the lungs, lymphatics, and the tumor angiomyolipoma (AML). LAM cells have biallelic loss of either tuberous sclerosis complex gene (but predominantly TSC-2) and resultant dysregulation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. Chemokines are associated ...
Kawajiri Sumihiro - - 2010
Zonisamide, originally known as an antiepileptic drug, has been approved in Japan as adjunctive therapy with levodopa for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although zonisamide reduces neurotoxicity, the precise mechanism of this action is not known. Here, we show that zonisamide increases cell viability in SH-SY5Y cells via an ...
Poon Ivan K H - - 2010
Dying cells, such as apoptotic and necrotic cells, are cleared rapidly from the site of cell death to prevent the exposure of intracellular antigenic and immunostimulatory molecules that may cause tissue injury or facilitate the development of autoimmune diseases. For the immune system to recognize and remove dying cells efficiently, ...
Futami Hitoyasu - - 2010
Recently, gene amplification and gain-of-function mutations of ALK have been found in some neuroblastoma cell lines and clinical tumor samples. We have previously reported that knockdown of ALK by RNAi induced apoptosis in neuroblastoma cells with gene amplification of ALK. We report that all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) downregulates ALK in ...
Tunquist Brian J - - 2010
Kinesin spindle protein (KSP/Eg5) inhibitors are novel anticancer agents that have thus far shown only modest activity in the clinic. Understanding how to identify patients who may be most sensitive to treatment is clearly needed to improve the development of these molecules. We studied four multiple myeloma cell lines treated ...
Amatori S - - 2010
Hydroxypyrones represent several classes of molecules known for their high synthetic versatility. This family of molecules shows several interesting pharmaceutical activities and is considered as a promising source of new antineoplastic compounds. In the quest to identify new potential anticancer agents, a new maltol (3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pyrone)-derived molecule, named malten (N,N'-bis((3-hydroxy-4-pyron-2-yl)methyl)-N,N'-dimethylethylendiamine), has ...
Tewari-Singh Neera N Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Colorado Denver, 12700 East 19th Avenue, Box C238 P-15, Research 2, Aurora, Colorado 80045, - - 2010
Effective medical treatment and preventive measures for chemical warfare agent sulfur mustard (HD)-caused incapacitating skin toxicity are lacking, because of limited knowledge of its mechanism of action. The proliferating basal epidermal cells are primary major sites of attack during HD-caused skin injury. Therefore, employing mouse JB6 and human HaCaT epidermal ...
Lee Jin - - 2010
Styrax japonica Siebold et al Zuccarini (SJSZ) has been used to heal inflammation and bronchitis as an herbal plant in Korea. The purpose of the present study is to determine whether the ethanol (EtOH) extract of SJSZ induces the programmed cell death (apoptosis) in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. It was ...
Liu Yun - - 2011
Hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME) is a novel and promising porphyrin-related photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy (PDT). The aim of this study was to investigate HMME-induced apoptosis in CHMm cells, a canine breast cancer cell line. CHMm cells were treated with HMME and a He-Ne laser at a wavelength of 632.8nm. Cell ...
Nieto Cristina - - 2010
During development, the processes of cell division, differentiation and apoptosis must be precisely coordinated in order to maintain tissue homeostasis. The nematode C. elegans is a powerful model system in which to study cell death and its control. C. elegans apoptotic cells condense and form refractile corpses under differential interference ...
Thiagarajan Giridhar G Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84108, - - 2010
To synthesize and characterize a poly (amido amine) dendrimer-camptothecin (PAMAM-CPT) conjugate and evaluate its activity on human colorectal carcinoma cells (HCT-116). The attachment of CPT to amine-terminated PAMAM was facilitated through a succinic acid-glycine linker. The conjugate was characterized for absence of small molecular weight impurities, size and drug content. ...
Chung Yuan-Chiang - - 2010
Polyphenol-rich longan seed extract (LSP) is a free radical scavenger and antioxidant. However, the effect of LSP on the growth of human colorectal carcinoma cells (CRC) has not yet been evaluated. Polyphenols of longan seeds were extracted and measured by colorimetry. Four CRC cell lines (Colo 320DM, SW480, HT-29 and ...
Li Haili - - 2010
Triptolide (TPL), a bioactive component of the Chinese medicinal herb Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F, induces apoptosis in some lines of human tumor cells. However, the effect of TPL on gynecologic cancer cells has not yet been well-described. We investigated the effects of TPL on cell growth, cell cycle, and apoptosis ...
Cheong June-Won - - 2010
Aurora-A (Aur-A) is a centrosome-associated serine/threonine kinase that is overexpressed in various cancers and potentially correlated with chemoresistance. In the Ara-C-sensitive leukemia cell lines, silencing of Aur-A by small interfering RNA transfection led to a significant increase in the Ara-C-induced cell death rate through induction of mitochondria-mediated, caspase-dependent apoptosis. In ...
Arung Enos Tangke - - 2010
In our screening projects for anticancer agents from natural resources, artocarpin [6-(3-methyl-1-butenyl)-5,2',4'-trihydroxy-3-isoprenyl-7-methoxyflavone] isolated from wood of jack fruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) showed potent cytotoxic activity on human T47D breast cancer cells. The mode of action of artocarpin was evaluated by its effect on cell viability, nuclear morphology, cell cycle progression, expression ...
Tseng Chih-Hua - - 2010
Certain iminonaphtho[2,3-b]furan derivatives were synthesized from their respective carbonyl precursors in the regiospecific and the stereospecific manners. These compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative effects against four human carcinoma cells (MCF7, NCI-H460, SF-268, and K562) and the normal fibroblast cell line (Detroit 551). Among them, (Z)-4-(hydroxyimino)naphtho[2,3-b]furan-9(4H)-one (8) and (Z)-4-methoxy-iminonaphtho[2,3-b]furan-9(4H)-one (9) ...
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