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Results 251 - 300 of 3331
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Meshkini Azadeh - - 2010
Vanadium complexes are a heterogeneous class of compounds exhibiting interesting biological properties. Herein, we report the effect of a vanadium-salen complex (VO-salen) on proliferative behavior of K562 cell line. The results revealed that VO-salen at 6-32 μM inhibited K562 proliferation with no distinct alteration in cell morphology, extent of apoptosis ...
Lam Lloyd T - - 2010
Evasion of apoptosis is a known feature of cancer cells. One mechanism of deregulating the apoptotic pathway is through overexpression of antiapoptotic BCL2 family members. ABT-263 (navitoclax) is a first-in-class BCL2 family inhibitor that restores the ability of cancer cells to undergo apoptosis. However, many cancer cells are resistant to ...
Cao Peng - - 2011
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of the water extract of Chinese medicine "Pingliu Keli" (PK) on human glioma cell viability and apoptosis and to investigate its mechanisms of action in SHG-44 cells. MTT assay showed that PK had a strong cytotoxic effect on SHG-44 cells. ...
Rajabi Mehdi - - 2010
N(6)-Isopentenyladenosine (iPA) is a member of the cytokinins, a family of plant hormones that regulate plant cell growth and differentiation. iPA is present in mammalian cells in a free form, as a mononucleotide in the cytoplasm, or in a tRNA-bound form. Its antiproliferative activity against cancer cells lines has been ...
Zhang Chun - - 2010
Evodiamine, one of the major bioactive components derived from Wu-Chu-Yu, a long-standing Chinese herb, was reported to possess anticancer activity. In this study, we investigated the in-vitro and in-vivo anticancer effects of evodiamine on human colon lovo cells and their potential mechanisms. The 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay showed that the ...
Lai Kuang-Chi - - 2010
It is reported that Houttuynia cordata Thunb. (HCT), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has many biological properties such as antiviral, antibacterial and antileukemic activities. However, the molecular mechanisms of cytotoxicity and apoptosis in human primary colorectal cancer cells are not clear. In this study, whether HCT induced cytotoxicity in primary ...
Kanematsu Sayaka - - 2010
AIM: Sulforaphane (SFN), which is present in cruciferous vegetables, induces growth arrest and/or cell death in cancer of various organs. The involvement of autophagy in the SFN-induced apoptotic death of human breast cancer cells was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell proliferation and viability was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay ...
Dorai Haimanti - - 2010
A set of anti-apoptotic genes were over-expressed, either singly or in combination, in an effort to develop robust Chinese Hamster Ovary host cell lines suitable for manufacturing biotherapeutics. High-throughput screening of caspase 3/7 activity enabled a rapid selection of transfectants with reduced caspase activity relative to the host cell line. ...
Plewa Cherylene - - 2010
Lentiviral vectors (LVs) are frequently used to engineer cell lines for preclinical research purposes including assay development and target validation. Development of production cell lines for manufacturing recombinant protein therapeutics may also benefit from the use of LVs because they may reduce timelines and generate more uniform or higher expressing ...
Liu Hui - - 2010
Livin, a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein family, is overexpressed in a variety of solid tumors and cancer cell lines. Livin overexpression has been reported in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), suggesting the biological significance of livin in HCC progression. However, the mechanisms of livin and the consequence of its ...
Khan A S - - 2010
The development of new products for the prevention and treatment of current as well as emerging and re-emerging diseases has led to the introduction of novel cell substrates in biologics. Examples include the demand for large-scale production of pandemic influenza vaccines and for therapeutic proteins, and the use of novel ...
Rost-Roszkowska Magdalena M - - 2010
The midgut epithelium of Acheta domesticus (Insecta, Orthoptera, Gryllidae), which is composed of columnar digestive cells and regenerative crypts, degenerates in two manners: necrotic and apoptotic. While necrosis was described in our previous paper, programmed cell death was the aim of the present studies. The first morphological signs of programmed ...
Khuda-Bukhsh Anisur Rahman - - 2010
We formulated nano-encapsulation of a naturally occurring coumarin-scopoletin (7-hydroxy-6-methoxy coumarin, HMC, C(10)H(8)O(4)), isolated from plant Gelsemium sempervirens having anticancer potentials, with a bio-adhesive agent -polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) and tested if its cellular uptake, bioavailability and apoptotic (anticancer) potentials could thus be increased vis-a-vis unencapsulated HMC. A375 melanoma cancer cells were ...
Kim Jin Oh - - 2010
Troglitazone is an anti-diabetic agent that improves hyperglycemia by reducing peripheral insulin resistance in type II diabetic patients. Troglitazone has been shown to cause growth inhibition of various normal and cancerous cells. However, the molecular mechanism by which troglitazone affects the growth of these cancer cells remains unclear. Here, we ...
Linsalata Michele - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: Polyamines and ornithine decarboxylase are involved in cell growth and differentiation. The polyphenol quercetin may exert anti-tumour properties by influencing proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of increasing concentrations of quercetin (from 0.1 to 100 μM) on polyamine biosynthesis, cell proliferation, ...
O'Meara Elaine - - 2010
Cancer chemotherapy relies heavily on DNA damaging agents such as cisplatin to induce tumour cell death. The response of cells to genotoxic insult, including cell cycle arrest, DNA repair and cell death, is mediated by the DNA damage response (DDR). To address the relationship between the DDR and the outcome ...
Park Sang Rye - - 2010
Oral squamous carcinoma (OSCC) cells exhibit resistance to chemotherapeutic agent-mediated apoptosis in the late stage of malignancy. Increased levels of heat shock proteins 70 (HSP70) in cancer cells are known to confer resistance to apoptosis. Since recent advances in the understanding of bacterial toxins have produced new strategies for the ...
Oliveira Lauro Augusto de - - 2010
To evaluate the transfer of heterologous genes carrying a Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) reporter cassette to primary corneal epithelial cells ex vivo. Freshly enucleated rabbit corneoscleral tissue was used to obtain corneal epithelial cell suspension via enzymatic digestion. Cells were plated at a density of 5×10³ cells/cm² and allowed to ...
Choudhury Aniruddha - - 2010
We have previously demonstrated that ROR1 and FMOD (fibromodulin) are two genes upregulated in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) cells compared to normal blood B cells. In this study, siRNAs were used to specifically silence ROR1 and FMOD expression in CLL cells, healthy B cells and human fibroblast cell lines. siRNA ...
Levi Edi E Room B4334, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Wayne State University, 4646 John R, Detroit, MI 48201, - - 2011
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLCL) accounts for 30-40% of adult non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL). Current anti-NHL therapies often target cellular growth suppression pathways and include R-CHOP (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisone plus monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody rituximab). However, since many patients relapse, resistant cells to these therapies remain a significant problem and ...
Ravichandran Kodi S - - 2010
Everyday we turnover billions of cells. The quick, efficient, and immunologically silent disposal of the dying cells requires a coordinated orchestration of multiple steps, through which phagocytes selectively recognize and engulf apoptotic cells. Recent studies have suggested an important role for soluble mediators released by apoptotic cells that attract phagocytes ...
Zhang Yan-Jie - - 2011
Inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) represents an attractive target for anticancer therapy, but its role in suppression of colorectal cancer (CRC) cell growth by cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors is unclear. Here, we analyzed the effect of indomethacin (Indo, a nonselective COX-2 inhibitor) and nimesulide (Nim, a selective COX-2 inhibitor) ...
Yang Shuo S Department of Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, - - 2010
Andrographolide is a diterpenoid lactone isolated from Andrographis paniculata (King of Bitters), an herbal medicine used in Asia. It has been reported to have anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, antiviral, and immune-stimulant properties. Furthermore, it has been shown to inhibit cancer cell proliferation and induce apoptosis in leukemia and solid tumor cell lines. ...
Hulot Catherine - - 2010
New cyclooctatrienes were prepared by semihydrogenation of trienynes followed by 8π electrocyclization. Cyclooctatrienes and original fenestrenes previously reported were tested for their pro-apoptotic activities on two human cancer cell lines (THP-1 and SW620). Among the 20 new compounds tested, two compounds presented specific activities on the colon carcinomas TRAIL-resistant metastatic ...
Lim WonBong - - 2010
A growing body of evidence shows that compounds of plant origin have the ability to prevent cancer. The fruit of gardenia, Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (Rubiaceae), has long been used as a food additive and herbal medicine, and its pharmacological actions, such as protective activity against oxidative damage, cytotoxic effect, and ...
Schaz Ulrike - - 2011
Abstract Objectives. Recent studies indicate that the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) fluoxetine is not solely effective by the instant inhibition of the serotonin transporter (SERT) but also by its influence on mitotic and/or apoptotic processes. Methods. To investigate the effects of the compound in vitro, we treated neurons from ...
Schiffmann Susanne - - 2010
Ceramides serve as bioactive molecules with important roles in cell proliferation and apoptosis. Ceramides (Cer) with different N-acyl side chains (C(14:0)-Cer-C(26:0)-Cer) possess distinctive roles in cell signaling and are differentially expressed in HCT-116 colon cancer cells. Celecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, exhibiting antiproliferative effects, activates the sphingolipid pathway. To ...
Wu Jun-Hua JH Institute of Functional Biomolecules, State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Nanjing University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, - - 2010
To investigate the effect of tectorigenin on proliferation and apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells (HSC)-T6 cells. HSC-T6 cells were incubated with tectorigenin at different concentrations, and their proliferation was assessed by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation assay. Apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry assay with Hoechst 33342 staining. Also, generation of reactive oxygen ...
Jellusova Julia - - 2010
Siglec-G is a negative regulator of BCR-mediated signaling in B1a cells. This population of B cells is highly increased in Siglec-G-deficient mice, but the mechanism of this expansion is not known so far. In this study, we demonstrate that Siglecg(-/-) B1a cells show a lower level of spontaneous apoptosis and ...
Lauenborg Britt - - 2010
The programmed cell death-10 (PDCD10; also known as cerebral cavernous malformation-3 or CCM3) gene encodes an evolutionarily conserved protein associated with cell apoptosis. Mutations in PDCD10 result in cerebral cavernous malformations, an important cause of cerebral hemorrhage. PDCD10 is associated with serine/threonine kinases and phosphatases and modulates the extracellular signal-regulated ...
Zhou Wei - - 2010
An entomopathogenic bacterial strain SCQ1 was isolated from silkworm (Bombyx mori) and identified as Serratia marcescens via 16S rRNA gene analysis. This strain produces a red pigment that causes acute septicemia of silkworm. The red pigment of strain SCQ1 was identified as prodigiosin analogue (PGA) with various reported biological activities. ...
Wang Hui - - 2011
Oridonin is the main bioactive constituent of the Chinese medicinal herb Isodon rubescens and has been shown to have anti-neoplastic effects against a number of cancers in vitro and in vivo. Here we report the proteomic identification of proteins involved in the anticancer properties of oridonin in hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells. ...
Lu Kuan-Hung - - 2010
Mucuna macrocarpa Wallich (Leguminosae) is believed to hold blood circulation activating effects, and has been used as a folk remedy in Southeast Asia for the treatment of various hematologic and circulatory-related ailments. The objective of this study was to investigate whether crude methanolic extract of M macrocarpa (CMEMM) possessed antileukemic ...
Shingu Takashi T Department of Neurosurgery, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030-4009, - - 2010
BBR3610 is a polynuclear platinum compound, in which two platinums are linked by a spermine-like linker, and studies in a variety of cancers, including glioma, have shown that it is more potent than conventional platinums and works by different means. Identifying the mechanism of action of BBR3610 would help in ...
Yang Cao - - 2010
An experimental study to investigate the activation of Src/Stat3 pathways in chordomas and blockage of this pathway as a potential strategy for chordoma treatment. OBJECTIVE.: To investigate the activation of Src/Stat3 pathway in chordomas cells and to determine the efficiency of inhibiting this pathway by 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9 (11)-dien-28-oic acid-methyl ester (CDDO-Me) ...
Núñez R - - 2010
Apoptosis is a mode of cell death through which cells are dismantled and cell remains are packed into small, membrane-bound, sealed vesicles called apoptotic bodies, which are easy to erase by phagocytosis by neighbouring and immune system cells. The end point of the process is to cleanly eliminate damaged or ...
Murray Paul G - - 2010
The malignant Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are believed to derive from germinal center (GC) B cells, but lack expression of a functional B cell receptor. As apoptosis is the normal fate of B-cell receptor-negative GC B cells, mechanisms that abrogate apoptosis are thus critical in HL development, ...
Duarte Roberta Aparecida - - 2010
In the present study, two alkaloids isolated from Pterogyne nitens, a plant native to Brazil, have been shown to induce apoptosis in human breast cancer cells. These compounds, pterogynine (PGN) and pterogynidine (PGD), were tested for their effect on a human infiltrating ductal carcinoma cell line (ZR-7531). The cell line ...
Nørgaard Nikolai N - - 2010
The TLR9 agonist CpG-oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG-ODN) with a phosphorothioate backbone (PTO-CpG-ODN) is evaluated in clinical trials as a vaccine adjuvant or as treatment of cancers. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) regulate growth and differentiation of several cell types, and also induce apoptosis of cancer cells. Cross-talk between BMP- and TLR-signaling has been ...
Kim Hyeong-Jin - - 2010
Activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a physiological cellular energy sensor, strongly suppresses cell proliferation in both nonmalignant and tumor cells. This study demonstrates the mechanism of quercetin-induced apoptosis in HT-29 colon cancer cells. Treatment of cells with quercetin significantly decreased cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. Notably, quercetin increased ...
Fernández-Herrera María A - - 2010
The synthesis of the new glycoside (25R)-3β,16β-diacetoxy-12,22-dioxo-5α-cholestan-26-yl β-D-glucopyranoside starting from hecogenin is described. This compound showed anti-cancer activity against cervicouterine cancer cells HeLa, CaSki and ViBo in the micromolar range. Its effect on cell proliferation, cell cycle and cell death is also described. The cytotoxic effect of the title compound ...
Hsu Hui-Ying - - 2011
Gypenosides (Gyp), found in Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino, have been used as folk medicine for centuries and have exhibited diverse pharmacological effects, including antileukemia effects in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, Gyp were used to examine effects on cell viability, cell cycle, and induction of apoptosis in vitro. ...
Zhang Xueya - - 2010
2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME2) is an endogenous metabolite of 17beta-estradiol (E2) with estrogen receptor-independent anti-cancer activity. The current study sought to determine the mechanism of anti-cancer activity of 2-ME2 in human acute T lymphoblastic leukemia CEM cells. Results showed that 2-ME2 markedly suppressed proliferation of CEM cells in a time- and dose-dependent ...
Visagie Michelle H - - 2010
2-methoxyestradiol (2ME2) exerts estrogen receptor-independent anti-proliferative, anti-angiogenic and anti-tumor activity in vitro and in vivo. Due to its low bioavailability and rapid metabolic degradation, several analogues have been developed in recent years. 2-methoxyestradiol-bis-sulphamate (2-MeOE2bisMATE) is a bis-sulphamoylated derivative of 2ME2 with anti-proliferative activity. The aim of this study was to ...
Tingting Ren - - 2010
Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) is an active ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine. Recent studies showed that it causes apoptosis in several cancer cells. However, research of As(2)O(3) in osteosarcoma is sparse. In our present study, an inhibitory effect of As(2)O(3) on osteosarcoma cell adhesion and metastasis was observed with a cell ...
Kaminski Bettina M - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate, whether the plant-derived isothiocyanate Sulforaphane (SFN) enhances the antitumor activities of the chemotherapeutic agent oxaliplatin (Ox) in a cell culture model of colorectal cancer. Caco-2 cells were cultured under standard conditions and treated with increasing concentrations of SFN [1-20 μM] and/or Ox [100 nM-10 μM]. ...
Park Hyunjin - - 2010
The quaternary benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloid sanguinarine inhibits the proliferation of cancerous cells from different origins, including lung, breast, pancreatic and colon, but nothing is known of its effects on osteosarcoma, a primary malignant bone tumour. We have found that sanguinarine alters the morphology and reduces the viability of MG-63 and SaOS-2 ...
Liu Wen-Hsin - - 2010
Cell surface proteases have been demonstrated to play an important role in facilitating cell invasion into the extracellular matrix and may contribute significantly to extracellular matrix degradation by metastatic cancer cells. Abundant expression of these enzymes is associated with poor prognosis. Thus, protease inhibitors that repress cell surface proteases may ...
Dai Yun Y Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, 401 College Street, Richmond, VA 23298, - - 2010
Interactions between the nuclear factor (NF)-κB inhibitor parthenolide and the pan-histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) vorinostat and LBH589 were investigated in human acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) cells, including primary AML blasts. Co-administration of parthenolide blocked HDACI-mediated phosphorylation/activation of IKK and RelA/p65 in association with increased JNK1 activation in various AML cell ...
Wu Qiuling - - 2010
The effects of betulinic acid (BA), a pentacyclic lupane-type triterpene, on the cell viability, cell cycle and apoptosis in human leukemia K562 cells were investigated. The effects of BA on the growth of K562 cells were studied by MTT assay. Apoptosis was assayed through Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) double-labeled cytometry. ...
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