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Results 201 - 250 of 3325
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Steg Adam - - 2010
Activation of the hedgehog (HH) pathway plays a critical role in the development and continued growth of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC). Cyclopamine, a HH pathway inhibitor, has been shown to suppress PAC cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. However, the molecular basis of response to cyclopamine has not been fully ...
Alex Anne F - - 2010
To investigate potential inhibitory effects of three polyphenolic agents, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG; from green tea), resveratrol (from red wine), and curcumin (from turmeric), on the proliferation of human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and to elucidate unwanted effects. ARPE19 cells and primary human RPE cells were cultured in the presence ...
Schnekenburger Michael - - 2011
In addition to its demethylating properties, 2'-deoxy-5-azacytidine (DAC) induces cell cycle arrest, differentiation, cell sensitization to chemotherapy, and cell death. However, the mechanisms by which DAC induces antiproliferation via these processes and how they are interconnected remain unclear. In this study, we found that a clinically relevant concentration of DAC ...
Feng Bo - - 2012
β-d-Glucosyl-(1-4)-α-l-thevetosides of 17β-digitoxigenin (GHSC-73) is a cardiac glycoside isolated from the seeds of Cerbera manghas L. GHSC-73 reduced viability of HepG2 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner without decreasing the viability of Chang human liver cells and Swiss albino 3T3 fibroblasts, induced efficiently stimulated apoptosis in HepG2 cells as ...
Zhang Kaiji - - 2010
Our studies indicated that Tanshinone IIA (TanIIA), which is widely applied in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases with a rare occurrence of side effects, could promote APL cell differentiation and apoptosis. We found TanIIA induced the differentiation of NB4 and MR2 cells with elevated C/EBPβ and CHOP. When C/EBPβ was ...
Lisi S - - 2011
Inhibition of fibroblast (FB) proliferation and hyaluronic acid (HA) production may be a therapeutic approach to Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). The flavonoid quercetin has a wide range of activities, including reduction of FB growth. To investigate the effects of quercetin in orbital FB from GO patients and control subjects. Primary cultures ...
Peng Yun-Ru - - 2011
Caudatin-2,6-dideoxy-3-O-methy-β-d-cymaropyranoside (CDMC), the C-21 steroidal glycoside recently extracted from the traditional Chinese medicinal plant, the root of Cynanchum auriculatum Royle ex Wight (Asclepiadaceae), has been shown to possess potent antitumor properties. However, the bioactivities of CDMC are still largely unknown, especially the antitumor effect and its mechanism. This study investigated ...
Kim Ju-Young - - 2010
Oxidative stress induced by chronic hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes plays a crucial role in progressive loss of β-cell mass through β-cell apoptosis. Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has effects on preservation of β-cell mass and its insulin secretory function. GLP-1 possibly increases islet cell mass through stimulated proliferation from β-cell ...
Pizarro Javier G - - 2011
Resveratrol prolongs lifespan and prevent cancer formation; however, the mechanisms are not understood. Here we evaluated the cell-cycle inhibition and apoptosis of resveratrol in B65 neuroblastoma cells, and we also studied the effects of resveratrol on the mammalian silent information regulator 2 (SIRT1). Results show that resveratrol reduces cell viability ...
Hu Huanzhang - - 2011
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most malignant tumours with high rate of recurrence and metastasis. In HCC, deficiency of the P16/CDK4/Rb pathway is a frequent molecular event, and transferring the P16 gene into cancer cells can induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, suggesting that the P16 gene is ...
Jen Chun-Yi - - 2011
In the present study, the apoptotic effect of cordycepin on MA-10 cells, a mouse Leydig tumor cell line, was investigated. Results demonstrated that the number of rounding-up cell increased by cordycepin (10 μM to 5 mM for 24 h), and cells with plasma membrane blebbing could be observed by 100 μM cordycepin. In ...
Plissonnier Marie Laure - - 2010
Thiazolidinediones, including rosiglitazone and troglitazone, are insulin-sensitizing drugs and high-affinity ligands for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma). Apart from their antidiabetic activity, these molecules possess antitumor properties. We investigated their potential apoptotic effects on RT4 (derived from a well-differentiated Grade I papillary tumor) and T24 (derived from an undifferentiated ...
Ptak Anna - - 2011
We analyzed whether polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) interfere with the activity of 17 β-estradiol in the proliferation and apoptosis of the MCF-7 cell line. MCF-7 cells were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) without phenol red supplemented with 5% charcoal-treated fetal bovine serum (CD-FBS) for 3 days with 10 nM ...
Imada Shinya - - 2010
Hypothermia is believed to suppress cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis/necrosis and phase-specific/nonspecific cell cycle arrest, which are, directly or indirectly, related to a reduced energy supply. Intriguingly, hypothermia is known to improve neurological recovery of animals and humans exposed to focal brain hypoxic-ischemic injury. The underlying mechanism of the neuroprotective ...
de Freitas Junior Julio Cesar Madureira - - 2011
Aberrant protein glycosylation and disassembly of E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion are characteristics of epithelial cancer. However, the relationship between these two events in colorectal cancer remains to be defined. In this study, we analyzed whether N-glycan expression is crucial for the loss of E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion in human colorectal cancer cells. ...
Hui Wang - - 2011
Oridonin has been shown to exhibit therapeutic effects against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in vitro and in vivo. This study aimed to identify the anti-HCC mechanisms of oridonin in HepG2 cells using proteomic and functional analyses. MTT assay showed that oridonin treatment for 24 hours dose-dependently inhibited cell growth with an ...
Xue Xia - - 2012
We studied the effect of riccardin D, a macrocyclic bisbibenzyl, which was isolated from the Chinese liverwort plant, on human leukemia cells and the underlying molecular mechanism. Riccardin D had a significant antiproliferative effect on human leukemia cell lines HL-60, K562 and its multidrug resistant (MDR) counterpart K562/A02 cells, but ...
Jaramillo Sara S Laboratory of Cell Wall and Functional Components of Foods, Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC), 41014 Seville, - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine whether isorhamnetin, an immediate 3'-O-methylated metabolite of quercetin, affects proliferation, cell death, and the cell cycle of human colon carcinoma (HCT-116) cells. Isorhamnetin was found to be a potent antiproliferative agent in a dose- and time-dependent manner, with an IC50 of 72 ...
Jegham Hajer - - 2012
RM, a novel aminosteroid synthesized by our research group, shows a broad spectrum of antitumor activity against nine cancer cell lines and limited toxicity against two normal cell lines. However, its related mechanism of action has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the cellular and molecular events ...
Tanaka Masato - - 2010
Apoptotic cell clearance by phagocytes is essential for the maintenance of self-tolerance under physiological conditions. Consistent with this, the intravenous injection of apoptotic cells can induce cell-associated antigen-specific immunosuppression or tolerance. The intravenous injection of apoptotic cells expressed a fragment of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-induced MOG-specific T cell tolerance and ...
Maggiora Marina - - 2010
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) mediate the effects of various ligands, known as peroxisome proliferators, a heterogeneous class of compounds including industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and biomolecules such as fatty acids and eicosanoids. Among peroxisome proliferators, fibrate derivatives are considered specific ligands for PPARα, whereas eicosanoids, such as PGJ2, for PPARγ. The ...
Hung Feng-Chun - - 2010
Efficient control of cell survival and cell proliferation is critical for the development of neuron cells. Earlier, we observed that growth arrest-specific gene 7 (Gas7) plays a role in controlling neuritogenesis in mammals. In the present study, we report that the Gas7b isoform is involved in controlling growth arrest and ...
Laezza Chiara - - 2010
N(6)-isopentenyladenosine (i6A) inhibits the tumor cell growth by inducing cell apoptosis in various cancer cell lines. However, little is known regarding the mechanisms by which the drug induces cell apoptosis. In this study, we further explored the molecular mechanisms of i6A as an anticancer agent on a human breast cancer ...
Sung Eun-Sil - - 2010
Cell-death signaling through the pro-apoptotic tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) receptors, death receptor 4 (DR4) and DR5, has shown tumor-selective apoptotic activity. Here, we examine susceptibility of various leukemia cell lines (HL-60, U937, K562, CCRF-CEM, CEM-CM3, and THP-1) to an anti-DR4 agonistic monoclonal antibody (mAb), AY4, in comparison ...
Habibi Darya - - 2010
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), a tryptophan degrading enzyme, is a potent immunomodulatory factor. IDO expression in fibroblasts selectively induces apoptosis in immune cells but not in primary skin cells. However, the mechanism(s) of this selective effect of IDO-induced low tryptophan environment is not elucidated. The aim of present study was to ...
Strohm Eric - - 2010
Time-resolved acoustic microscopy was used to measure properties of cells such as the thickness, sound velocity, acoustic impedance, density, bulk modulus, and attenuation, before and after apoptosis. A total of 12 cells were measured, 5 apoptotic and 7 non-apoptotic. Measurements made at 375 MHz showed a statistically significant increase in ...
Mevorach Dror - - 2010
The clearance of dying cells has become an important field of research. Apart from a significant increase in our understanding of the mechanisms for uptake, cell clearance is a basic mechanism in tissue homeostasis, cancer, resolution of inflammation, induction of tolerance, and autoimmunity. Phagocytosis of dying cells is a complex ...
Fabbrocini Gabriella - - 2010
Skin is exposed to both endogenous and environmental oxidant agents, leading to the harmful generation of reactive oxygen species. Particular interest has been pointed on plant antioxidants, such as resveratrol, because of their wide-ranging biological activity and clinical potential. Resveratrol exerts antioxidant, metabolism-regulating and pro-apoptotic/anti-cancer effects on a variety of ...
Vakana Eliza - - 2010
In recent years, there have been substantial research advances on the mechanisms by which BCR-ABL transforms hematopoietic cells and promotes leukemic cell growth and survival. Among the diverse signaling cascades activated by BCR-ABL, the mTOR pathway plays a critical role in mRNA translation of genes that promote leukemogenesis and mitogenic ...
Païdassi Helena H Program of Developmental Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, - - 2010
Defects in apoptotic cell clearance are thought to contribute to autoimmunity by failure to induce tolerance, coupled with accumulation of immunogenic material. However, little is known about the contribution of apoptosis to immune responses at mucosal sites, where regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells) and other immune cells play an essential ...
Lee Hyun-Hee HH Division of Immunology and Allergy, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
T cell Ig-like mucin-like-1 (TIM-1) is an important asthma susceptibility gene, but the immunological mechanisms by which TIM-1 functions remain uncertain. TIM-1 is also a receptor for phosphatidylserine (PtdSer), an important marker of cells undergoing programmed cell death, or apoptosis. We now demonstrate that NKT cells constitutively express TIM-1 and ...
Ghosh Mistuni M Department of Nutritional Sciences and Toxicology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, - - 2011
Nanodisks (NDs) are nanoscale, disk-shaped phospholipid bilayers whose edge is stabilized by apolipoproteins. In the present study, NDs were formulated with the bioactive polyphenol curcumin at a 6:1 phospholipid-to-curcumin molar ratio. Atomic force microscopy revealed that curcumin-NDs are particles with diameters <50 nm and the thickness of a phospholipid bilayer. ...
Bräutigam Karen - - 2011
Ovarian cancer accounts for the highest mortality among all gynecological cancers, mainly due to the fast developing chemoresistance. The death ligand TRAIL induces apoptosis and is able to sensitize tumor cells to cytostatic drugs without affecting physiological tissue. Combined treatment of TRAIL and the antidiabetic acting PPARγ ligands was shown ...
Wang Mu - - 2011
Curcumin is a phytochemicals which is able to inhibit carcinogenesis in a variety of cell lines. However little is known about its effect on the cell-surface and the interaction between cell-surface and the reacting drug. In this study, we found that curcumin could inhibit the growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma ...
Chavez Carolina Varela - - 2010
Cycle inhibiting factors (Cif) constitute a broad family of cyclomodulins present in bacterial pathogens of invertebrates and mammals. Cif proteins are thought to be type III effectors capable of arresting the cell cycle at G(2)/M phase transition in human cell lines. We report here the first direct functional analysis of ...
Allam E E Department of Oral Biology, Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, IN, - - 2011
Osteonecrosis of the jaw is a serious complication of bisphosphonate treatment for which the pathophysiology is unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether in vivo zoledronic acid (ZA) induces alterations in cell proliferation, apoptosis, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) expression in oral mucosal epithelial cells. One-year-old dogs were ...
Cao Yan - - 2011
Arsenic trioxide has shown remarkable biological activity against bladder cancer in some clinical studies. However, the mechanism of its action is unknown. Our aim was to find the relationship between miRNAs and arsenic trioxide treatment by using T24 human bladder carcinoma cells. By performing microRNA microarray and quantitative real-time PCR ...
Yadav V S - - 2010
The effects of curcumin on cell proliferation, activation-induced cell death (AICD) and expression of interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptors (IL-2Rα, CD25) by Jurkat cells were investigated. Incubation of Jurkat cells for 72h with either phytohaemagglutinin (PHA) or curcumin (2.5μg/mL) resulted in marked inhibition of cell proliferation, determined by (3)H-thymidine incorporation. The anticancer ...
Jin Linhua L Department of Clinical Pathology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2010
This study demonstrated a pronounced synergistic growth-inhibitory effect of an MDM2 inhibitor Nutlin-3 and a proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cells regardless of TP53 mutant status and innate bortezomib sensitivity. In the mutant TP53 MCL cells which are intrinsically resistant to bortezomib, the combination of Nutlin-3/bortezomib synergistically ...
David Ebenezer - - 2010
In this report, we investigated the mechanism responsible for synergistic induction of myeloma cell apoptosis induced by the combination of tipifarnib and bortezomib. Immunofluorescence studies revealed that bortezomib alone resulted in an accumulation of puncta of ubiquitinated proteins that was further enhanced by the addition of tipifarnib. These data suggest ...
Fei Hong-Rong - - 2010
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common solid cancers, representing the third cause of cancer-related death among cirrhotic patients. Treatment of advanced HCC has become a very active area of research. Perifosine, a new synthetic alkylphospholipid Akt inhibitor, has shown anti-tumor activity by inhibition of Akt phosphorylation. In ...
Rensing-Ehl A A Centre of Chronic Immunodeficiency, University Medical Centre, Freiburg, - - 2010
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is mainly caused by defects in the CD95 pathway. Raised CD3+TCRαβ+CD4-CD8- double negative T cells and impaired T cell apoptosis are hallmarks of the disease. In contrast, the B cell compartment has been less well studied. We found an altered distribution of B cell subsets with ...
Mern D S - - 2010
Inhibitors of DNA-binding proteins (Id1-4), lacking the basic DNA-binding domain, function as dominant inhibitors of cell-cycle regulators. Overexpression of Id proteins promotes cancer cell proliferation and resistance against apoptosis. Level of Id protein expression, especially of Id1, correlates with poor differentiation, enhanced malignant potential and more aggressive clinical behaviour of ...
Zhang Jun-Qiang JQ Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, 82 Cuiyingmen, Lanzhou 730030, Gansu Province, - - 2010
To study the antitumor effect of matrine in human hepatoma G2 (HepG2) cells and its molecular mechanism involved in antineoplastic activities. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to detect viability of HepG2 cells. The effect of matrine on cell cycle was detected by fl ow cytometry. Annexin-V-FITC/PI double staining assay ...
Meshkini Azadeh - - 2010
Vanadium complexes are a heterogeneous class of compounds exhibiting interesting biological properties. Herein, we report the effect of a vanadium-salen complex (VO-salen) on proliferative behavior of K562 cell line. The results revealed that VO-salen at 6-32 μM inhibited K562 proliferation with no distinct alteration in cell morphology, extent of apoptosis ...
Lam Lloyd T - - 2010
Evasion of apoptosis is a known feature of cancer cells. One mechanism of deregulating the apoptotic pathway is through overexpression of antiapoptotic BCL2 family members. ABT-263 (navitoclax) is a first-in-class BCL2 family inhibitor that restores the ability of cancer cells to undergo apoptosis. However, many cancer cells are resistant to ...
Cao Peng - - 2011
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of the water extract of Chinese medicine "Pingliu Keli" (PK) on human glioma cell viability and apoptosis and to investigate its mechanisms of action in SHG-44 cells. MTT assay showed that PK had a strong cytotoxic effect on SHG-44 cells. ...
Rajabi Mehdi - - 2010
N(6)-Isopentenyladenosine (iPA) is a member of the cytokinins, a family of plant hormones that regulate plant cell growth and differentiation. iPA is present in mammalian cells in a free form, as a mononucleotide in the cytoplasm, or in a tRNA-bound form. Its antiproliferative activity against cancer cells lines has been ...
Zhang Chun - - 2010
Evodiamine, one of the major bioactive components derived from Wu-Chu-Yu, a long-standing Chinese herb, was reported to possess anticancer activity. In this study, we investigated the in-vitro and in-vivo anticancer effects of evodiamine on human colon lovo cells and their potential mechanisms. The 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay showed that the ...
Lai Kuang-Chi - - 2010
It is reported that Houttuynia cordata Thunb. (HCT), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has many biological properties such as antiviral, antibacterial and antileukemic activities. However, the molecular mechanisms of cytotoxicity and apoptosis in human primary colorectal cancer cells are not clear. In this study, whether HCT induced cytotoxicity in primary ...
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