Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 3331
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Sengupta Sadhak S The Brain Tumor Center, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of - - 2011
Adenoviruses are often used as vehicles to mediate gene delivery for therapeutic purposes, but their research scope in hematological cells remains limited due to a narrow choice of host cells that express the adenoviral receptor (CAR). T cells, which are attractive targets for gene therapy of numerous diseases, remain resistant ...
Zhang Ting - - 2011
Although replication-competent oncolytic viral vectors have been developed to improve antitumor activity, the generation of high titers of neutralizing antibodies inhibits repetitive viral infection. Many studies have reported that oncolytic virus-infected carrier cells can overcome this viral induced immunogenicity. However, the effects of oncolytic virus-infected carrier cells in human oral ...
Canine Brenda F - - 2011
One of the major limitations to effective siRNA delivery is the lack of a siRNA-specific delivery system. Currently, the same delivery systems that are used for plasmid DNA (pDNA) delivery to the cell nucleus are used for siRNA delivery to the cytoplasm. To fill this gap, the objective of this ...
Buschmann H - - 2010
• Transient transformation with Agrobacterium is a widespread tool allowing rapid expression analyses in plants. However, the available methods generate expression in interphase and do not allow the routine analysis of dividing cells. Here, we present a transient transformation method (termed 'TAMBY2') to enable cell biological studies in interphase and ...
Almåsbak Hilde H Section for Immunology, Radiumhospitalet, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. - - 2011
T cells can be redirected to reject cancer by retroviral transduction with a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) or by administration of a bispecific T cell engager (BiTE). We demonstrate that transfection of T cells with messenger (m) RNA coding for CAR is an alternative strategy. We describe the pre-clinical evaluation ...
Ma Ji - - 2010
Over-expression of RhoA in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) indicates a poor prognosis and is correlated with the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) clinical classification. However, until now RhoA function in the ESCC progression remains to be established. We employed adenovirus-mediated small hairpin RNA (shRNA) against human RhoA (Ad-sh-RhoA) to efficiently silence target ...
Deal Roger B - - 2011
Genomic studies of cell differentiation and function within a whole organism depend on the ability to isolate specific cell types from a tissue, but this is technically difficult. We developed a method called INTACT (isolation of nuclei tagged in specific cell types) that allows affinity-based isolation of nuclei from individual ...
Wei Libin - - 2010
Wogonin, a major active constituent of Scutellaria baicalensis, possesses potent anticancer activities both in vivo and in vitro. This paper describes the different apoptotic effects of wogonin in HepG2 and L02 cells and the possible mechanism for the differences. Through DAPI staining, Annexin-V/PI double-staining assay, JC-1 detection and the expressions ...
Gomez Jose A - - 2010
Previously, we developed cell-penetrating penta-peptides (CPP5s). In the present study, VPTLK and KLPVM, two representative CPP5s, were used to characterize the cell-penetration and protein-transduction activities of these small molecules. Various inhibitors of endocytosis and pinocytosis (chlorpromazine, cytochalasin D, Filipin III, amiloride, methyl-β-cyclodextrin, and nocodazole) were tested. Only cytochalasin D showed ...
Park Sun Min - - 2011
As drug candidates, one promising way to improve the cellular delivery efficacy of oligonucleotides is to introduce a cationic group. By introducing a cationic moiety into the oligonucleotide structure, they become capable of approaching the cell surface and also of crossing the cellular membrane. In an effort to develop cell-permeable ...
Park Sun Min - - 2010
As drug candidates, one promising way to improve the cellular delivery efficacy of oligonucleotides is to introduce a cationic group. By introducing a cationic moiety into the oligonucleotide structure, they become capable of approaching the cell surface and also of crossing the cellular membrane. In an effort to develop cell-permeable ...
Nagaraju Ganji Purna Chandra GP Department of Cancer Biology and Pharmacology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, One Illini Drive, Peoria, IL 61605, - - 2011
Our previous work and that of other investigators strongly suggest a relationship between the upregulation of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) in tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. In this study, we evaluated the role of MMP-9 and uPAR in medulloblastoma cancer cell resistance to ionizing irradiation (IR) and ...
Turrell Susan J - - 2011
Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) is a gamma herpesvirus with several properties that make it an amenable gene therapy vector; namely its large packaging capacity, its ability to persist as a nonintegrated episome, and its ability to infect numerous human cell types. We used RecA-mediated recombination to develop an HVS vector with ...
Nishimura Ken - - 2011
The ectopic expression of transcription factors can reprogram differentiated tissue cells into induced pluripotent stem cells. However, this is a slow and inefficient process, depending on the simultaneous delivery of multiple genes encoding essential reprogramming factors and on their sustained expression in target cells. Moreover, once cell reprogramming is accomplished, ...
Liu Benguo - - 2010
In this study, supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of ethyl p-methoxycinnamate from Kaempferia galanga L. rhizome and its apoptotic induction in human HepG2 cells are reported for the first time. By using supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, the yield of ethyl p-methoxycinnamate identified by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was as high ...
Szende Béla - - 2010
Formaldehyde (HCHO) may reach living organisms as an exogenous agent or produced within cells. The so-called formaldehydogenic compounds like S-adenosyl-L-methionine, N-hydroxymethyl-L-arginine, 1'-methyl ascorbigen, methanol, E-N-trimethyl lysine and methylamine are special exogenous sources of HCHO. Endogenous HCHO can be formed from hydroxymethyl groups during enzymatic methylation and demethylation processes. HCHO, as ...
Roscioli Emanuele - - 2010
Roles of the GTPase Ran in cell life and division rely on a largely conserved mechanism, i.e. Ran's ability to interact with transport vectors. Modes of control of downstream factors, however, are diversified at particular times of the cell cycle. Specificity and fine-tuning emerge most clearly during mitosis. In the ...
Ku Ja H - - 2010
To investigate the effects of survivin gene RNA interference on cell growth and the cell cycle in the human bladder cancer cell line T24. A small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting survivin was transfected into T24 cells using a liposome approach. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis were used ...
Ark Mustafa - - 2010
Ouabain, a specific Na+/K+-ATPase inhibitor, has recently been identified as a mammalian hormone. Its elevated concentrations in human plasma have also been associated with pathogenesis of several diseases. Recent studies have shown that ouabain induces aponecrotic cell death in a cell-type- and dose-dependent manner. However, the exact mechanism of ouabain-induced ...
Liao Xinhua - - 2010
In a recent clinical observation, the growth of endothelial tumors, such as nasopharyngeal carcinoma, was repressed by the non-selective-adrenergic antagonist propranolol. In this study, we evaluated whether β-adrenoceptors (β-ARs), nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were involved in ...
He X P - - 2010
The aim of this work was to construct one small interfering RNA (siRNA) eukaryotic expression vector targeting rat nuclear factor (NF)κB p65 and identify its inhibition effect on cell proliferation according to its down-regulation of NF-κB pathway. The p65siRNA expression vector "pGenesil-1.2-p65siRNA" and negative control plasmid "HK" were transfected into ...
Huang L - - 2010
Intralesional injection of low-dose 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has recently been used as an experimental modality for treating keloid scarring and has shown promising efficacy in improving scar appearance and preventing recurrence of the keloid. We sought to explore the cellular- and molecular-based evidence for the observed clinical benefits. Primary cell lines ...
Liu Bin - - 2010
To establish an improved noninvasive fluorescent animal model for endometriosis. Adenovirus encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein (Ad-eGFP) was used to transfect primary culture endometrial glandular cells and stromal cells (purified cell transfection and mixed injection, Group 1) as well as endometrial fragments (tissues transfection and injection, Group 2). Transfection results ...
von Guggenberg Elisabeth - - 2010
The development of antisense oligonucleotides suitable for tumor targeting applications is hindered by low stability and bioavailability of oligonucleotides in vivo and by the absence of efficient and safe vectors for oligonucleotide delivery. Stabilization in vivo has been achieved through chemical modification of oligonucleotides by various means, but effective approaches ...
Hsu Wei-Hsuan - - 2010
Monascus-fermented products are among the most commonly used traditional food supplements. Dioscorea is known to exhibit anticancer properties. In this study the effects of the ethanol extract of red mold dioscorea (RMDE) on cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis in human oral cancer cells were investigated. RMDE exercised growth inhibition ...
Jia Qiang - - 2010
The authors sought to evaluate modification of the radiation response of C6 glioma cells in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting the expression of Ku70. To do so they investigated the effect of gene transfer involving a recombinant replication-defective adenovirus containing Ku70 short hairpin RNA (Ad-Ku70shRNA) combined with Gamma Knife ...
Zeng Hui - - 2010
Second mitochondria-derived activator of caspase (Smac) is a mitochondrial protein that promotes apoptosis in many kinds of cancers. Here, for the first time, the effects of Smac RNAi on growth and drug resistance to cisplatin [cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II)] of lung cancer cells are investigated. Knockdown of Smac expression in A549 and 95D ...
Yamamoto Emi - - 2010
Cisplatin, an anticancer drug, is well known to have nephrotoxicity as an adverse effect. We investigated the expressions of cell cycle markers and prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) receptors (EP) in the affected renal tubules in rats injected with a single dose (6 mg/kg body weight) of cisplatin. On days 1-3 after ...
Zhang Rupeng - - 2011
To study the role of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) in immune response and immune escape in gastric cancer, the human IDO gene was cloned by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and inserted into the pIRES2-EGFP vector to construct the IDO expression vector (pIRES2-EGFP-IDO). BGC-823 cells were transfected with the vector by ...
Zhang Bingqi - - 2011
Transfection efficiencies of non-viral gene delivery vectors commonly vary with cell type, owing to differences in proliferation rates and intracellular characteristics. Previous work demonstrated that the poly(diethylaminoethylmethacrylate) (PDEAEM)/Pluronic F127 pentablock copolymers exhibit transfection in vitro selectively in cancer cell lines as opposed to non-cancerous cell lines. This study continues the ...
Zhang Bingqi - - 2011
Poly(diethylaminoethylmethacrylate) (PDEAEM) and Pluronic F127 based pentablock copolymer vectors with the ability to transfect cancer cells selectively over normal cells in in vitro cultures were developed, as described in a previous report. Understanding the mechanism of this selectivity will enable better polymeric vectors to be designed, with inherent selectivity for ...
Zeeli T - - 2011
Captopril, an angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor, is a commonly prescribed antihypertensive drug. Its cutaneous side-effects include pemphigus vulgaris acantholysis and bullous pemphigoid-like cell-matrix detachment. This medication also triggers apoptosis in human keratinocytes. Calcitriol, the hormonally active vitamin D metabolite, protects keratinocytes from programmed cell death induced by various noxious stimuli. ...
Wang Na - - 2012
The development of multidrug resistance (MDR) in breast cancer patients is a serious therapeutic problem. The role of signal transduction in the development of MDR has drawn intensive attention recently. In this study, the role of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway in MDR, specifically regulated by PKCα, was investigated in ...
Roth John R JR Department of Microbiology, University of California, Davis, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2011
Experiments of Pränting and Andersson demonstrate how bacteria adapt to the growth limitation caused by antibiotic resistance mutations. The process of adaptation relies on gene copy number changes that arise at high rates, including duplications (10(-4) per cell per generation), amplifications (10(-2) per cell per generation) and mutant copy loss ...
Mouquet Frederic - - 2011
Injection of autologous bone marrow cells into infarcted myocardium has been proposed to limit the deterioration of cardiac function following myocardial infarction (MI); unfortunately, the beneficial effects observed have been modest. One of the limiting factors is believed to be poor local survival of the injected cells, but the potential ...
Seoane Jose - - 2011
We present an individual-based experimental framework to identify and estimate the main parameters governing bacterial conjugation at the individual cell scale. From this analysis, we have established that transient periods of unregulated plasmid transfer within newly formed transconjugant cells, together with contact mechanics arising from cellular growth and division, are ...
Spencer H Trent HT Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA, - - 2011
Patients with hemophilia A present with spontaneous and sometimes life-threatening bleeding episodes that are treated using blood coagulation factor VIII (fVIII) replacement products. Although effective, these products have limited availability worldwide due to supply limitations and product costs, which stem largely from manufacturing complexity. Current mammalian cell culture manufacturing systems ...
Lu Weihong - - 2011
The α-subunit of C-phycocyanin (CpcA) was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified. The recombinant CpcA inhibited the growth of human colon carcinoma COLO 205 cells. Typical apoptotic morphological characteristics, such as chromatin condensation and nuclear fragmentation, were observed in CpcA-treated COLO 205 cells by fluorescence microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. ...
Joshi Prakash - - 2010
Electrospun carbon nanofibers (ECNs) have been explored as an electrocatalyst and low-cost alternative to platinum (Pt) for triiodide reduction in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry measurements indicated that the ECN counter electrodes exhibited low charge-transfer resistance (Rct), large capacitance (C), and ...
Li Xinli - - 2011
Purpose:?To investigate the effect of ubiquitin-like with plant homeodomain (PHD) and ring finger domains 1 (UHRF1) overexpression on radiosensitivity to X-rays in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. Materials and methods:?Cell survival was determined by colony formation assay; cell cycle distribution was measured by flow cytometry; apoptosis was evaluated by DNA ...
Sœur Jérémie - - 2011
Essential oils are complex mixtures of odorous and volatile compounds derived from secondary plant metabolism. They can be isolated from many plants by mechanical pressing or hydro- and steam-distillation and are known to induce a wide range of biological effects through their antibacterial, antifungal, cytotoxic, antioxidant and antimutagenic activities. In ...
Im Jun-Sub - - 2010
PER3 is a member of the PERIOD genes, but does not play essential roles in the circadian clock. Depletion of Per3 by siRNA almost completely abolished activation of checkpoint kinase 2 (Chk2) after inducing DNA damage in human cells. In addition, Per3 physically interacted with ATM and Chk2. Per3 overexpression ...
Han Donggeon - - 2010
Efficient semitransparent organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells are presented in an inverted geometry employing ZnS/ Ag/ WO<sub>3</sub> (ZAW) as a top anode and ITO/ Cs<sub>2</sub>CO<sub>3</sub> as a bottom cathode. Upon identification of the light absorption that differs depending on the illumination direction, the degree of the absorption asymmetry is tuned by ...
Chashoo Gousia - - 2011
Boswellic acids have invariably been reported for their antiproliferative potential in various cell systems. In the present study the growth inhibitory effect of propionyloxy derivative of 11-keto-β-boswellic acid (PKBA; a semisynthetic analogue of 11-keto-β-boswellic acid) on HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells is being reported for the first time. In the preliminary ...
Huang Wen-Wen - - 2010
Kaempferol is a natural flavonoid. Previous studies have reported that kaempferol has anti-proliferation activities and induces apoptosis in many cancer cell lines. However, there are no reports on human osteosarcoma. In this study, we investigate the anti-cancer effects and molecular mechanisms of kaempferol in human osteosarcoma cells. Our results demonstrate ...
Zhang Ning - - 2010
Aqueous extract of Trametes robiniophila murr (Huaier) has been commonly used in China for cancer complementary therapy in recent years; however, the mechanisms of its anticancer effects are largely unknown. In the present study, we aim to investigate its inhibitory effect on both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells, and explore the ...
Lin Jiumao - - 2010
Hedyotis Diffusa Willd has been used as a major component in several Chinese medicine formulations for the clinical treatment of colorectal cancer. However, the molecular mechanism of the anti-cancer activity of Hedyotis Diffusa Willd remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the cellular effects of the ethanol extract of ...
Tsai Jui-Ying - - 2010
The present data showed that a novel synthesized compound, 6-acetyl-9-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl)-9H-pyrido [2,3-b]indole (HAC-Y6), exhibited potent antitumor activity against human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells in vitro. Western blot and immunofluorescence experiments showed that HAC-Y6 depolymerized microtubules similarly to the effects of colchicine. HAC-Y6-treatment in Hep3B cells resulted in the accumulation of the ...
Vidémont E - - 2010
Otitis externa in cats is relatively uncommon. This report describes a case of a rare, visually distinctive, proliferative and necrotising otitis in a three-month-old Persian kitten. The cat had proliferative, erythematous and necrotic tissue covering most of the proximal pinnae and vertical ear canals. On histopathological examination, the most striking ...
Obara-Michlewska Marta - - 2010
The Kir4.1 channel is an inward rectifying potassium channel involved in the control of potassium and water movement in mammalian cells. To evaluate independently the role of Kir4.1 alone and without interaction with other cellular effectors, we compared (86)Rb fluxes and cell volume in Kir4.1 transfected cells (Kir4.1(+)) with cells ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >