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Results 101 - 150 of 3331
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Gollmer Anita - - 2011
The development of efficient and selective luminescent probes for reactive oxygen species, particularly for singlet molecular oxygen, is currently of great importance. In this study, the photochemical behavior of Singlet Oxygen Sensor Green(®) (SOSG), a commercially available fluorescent probe for singlet oxygen, was examined. Despite published claims to the contrary, ...
Kage Hidenori - - 2011
ABSTRACT Since the discovery of RNA interference, short interfering RNA (siRNA) has become a standard research tool. However, expression of siRNA in lung alveolar epithelial cells has remained a problem. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors are known to have low toxicity, and AAV type 5 vectors transduce these cells efficiently. In ...
Huang Lizhen - - 2011
Abstract Porcine pluripotent cells with the capacity to generate germ line chimeras have not been developed yet. The transcription factor Oct-4 is an important marker of undifferentiating status and a central regulator of pluripotency in cells. Establishment of an Oct-4 promoter-based reporter system, such as that used in mice, will ...
Vercauteren Dries - - 2011
Extensive research is currently performed on designing safe and efficient non-viral carriers for gene delivery. To increase their efficiency, it is essential to have a thorough understanding of the mechanisms involved in cellular attachment, internalization and intracellular processing in target cells. In this work, we studied in vitro the cellular ...
Herrin Brian - - 2011
Q fever, a zoonotic disease, is caused by a gram-negative intracellular bacterium, Coxiella burnetii. Although normally transmitted during exposure to infectious aerosols, C. burnetii is also found in arthropod vectors. In the environment, ticks are thought to play a crucial role in bacterial maintenance and transmission by infecting various mammalian ...
Lesch H P - - 2011
Lentivirus can be engineered to be a highly potent vector for gene therapy applications. However, generation of clinical grade vectors in enough quantities for therapeutic use is still troublesome and limits the preclinical and clinical experiments. As a first step to solve this unmet need we recently introduced a baculovirus-based ...
Cui Yuhong - - 2011
Although flow-based bioreactor has been widely used to provide sufficient mass transportation and nutrient supply for cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis, the underlying mechanism of cell responses to applied flow at single cell level remains unclear. This study has developed a novel bioreactor that combines flow bioreactor with microfabrication technique ...
Wu Ting-Hsiang TH Department of Electrical Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California 90095, - - 2011
It is difficult to achieve controlled cutting of elastic, mechanically fragile, and rapidly resealing mammalian cell membranes. Here, we report a photothermal nanoblade that utilizes a metallic nanostructure to harvest short laser pulse energy and convert it into a highly localized explosive vapor bubble, which rapidly punctures a lightly contacting ...
Palmer Amy E AE Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, UCB 215, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA. - - 2011
In the past 5-10 years, the power of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) and its numerous derivatives has been harnessed toward the development of genetically encoded fluorescent biosensors. These sensors are incorporated into cells or organisms as plasmid DNA, which leads the transcriptional and translational machinery of the cell to ...
Wang Chaofeng - - 2011
Bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) was found to stimulate the synthesis of proteoglycans (PGs) and collagen type II. To increase the biological function of the nucleus pulposus (NP) cells, the Ad-hBMP-7 vector was also successfully constructed and transfected NP cells. However, the disadvantages of adenovirus limit the usefulness of the Ad-hBMP7 ...
Andaloussi Samir E L - - 2011
While small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) have been rapidly appreciated to silence genes, efficient and non-toxic vectors for primary cells and for systemic in vivo delivery are lacking. Several siRNA-delivery vehicles, including cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs), have been developed but their utility is often restricted by entrapment following endocytosis. Hence, developing CPPs ...
Hao Jun - - 2011
Previous studies have shown that high glucose stimulates renal SREBP-1 gene expression and increases renal tubular cells lipid metabolism, however, the mechanisms remain elusive. In the present study we demonstrated that PI3K/Akt pathway was activated in human renal proximal tubular cell line (HKC) exposed to high glucose accompanied with up-regulation ...
Suzuki Toshikazu - - 2011
Glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) is expressed abundantly in various types of cancer cells and is believed to contribute to chemotherapeutic resistance. In this study, we investigated the effect of a continuous approach for the expression of a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeted to GRP78 with retrovirus transduction on the sensitivity ...
Ganguly Sourav - - 2011
Fluorescence microscopic approaches represent powerful techniques to monitor molecular interactions in the cellular milieu. Measurements of fluorescence lifetime and anisotropy enjoy considerable popularity in this context. These measurements are often performed on live as well as fixed cells. We report here that formaldehyde-induced cell fixation introduces heterogeneities in the fluorescence ...
Zhang Wei - - 2011
Purpose: To develop a centrifugal cell seeding method for rapid and efficient reconstruction of ocular surface with limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) in rabbits. Methods: The orthogonal design method was used to optimize centrifugation parameters for cell seeding. MTT proliferation assay, colony forming efficiency (CFE) and flow cytometry were used ...
Niers Johanna M JM Neuroscience Center, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, - - 2011
Metabolic biotinylation of intracellular and secreted proteins as well as surface receptors in mammalian cells provides a versatile way to monitor gene expression; to purify and target viral vectors; to monitor cell and tumor distribution in real time in vivo; to label cells for isolation; and to tag proteins for ...
Voo Wan-Ping - - 2011
A comparative study on the stability and potential of alginate and pectin based beads for production of poultry probiotic cells using MRS medium in repeated batch fermentation was conducted. The bead cores, made of three types of materials, i.e. ca-alginate, ca-pectinate and ca-alginate/pectinate, were compared. The effect of single and ...
Miller A D AD Human Biology Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA. - - 2011
APOBEC3 proteins are packaged into retrovirus virions and can hypermutate retroviruses during reverse transcription. We found that HT-1080 human fibrosarcoma cells hypermutate retroviruses, and that the HT-1080 cell-derived FLYA13 retrovirus packaging cells also hypermutate a retrovirus vector produced using these cells. We found no hypermutation of the same vector produced ...
Kotake Toshihisa - - 2011
The brittle culm (bc) mutants of Gramineae plants having brittle skeletal structures are valuable materials for studying secondary cell walls. In contrast to other recessive bc mutants, rice Bc6 is a semi-dominant bc mutant with easily breakable plant bodies. In this study, the Bc6 gene was cloned by positional cloning. ...
Chen Quinn - - 2011
The mouse α-TC1.9 endocrine cell line was used to analyze the amino acid requirements for endoproteolytic processing at the paired basic amino acid cleavage site, K(141)R(142) that is N-terminal to the ACTH sequence in the POMC proprotein of the anuran amphibian, Silurana tropicalis. Real-Time PCR analysis of non-transfected α-TC1.9 cells ...
Chen Antony K - - 2011
Over the past decade, a variety of oligonucleotide-based probes have been developed that allow for direct visualization of RNA molecules in living cells. Of these, molecular beacons have garnered a particularly high degree of interest due to their simple yet exquisite unimolecular stem-loop design that allows for the efficient conversion ...
Jin Hua - - 2011
Hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME) has been effectively used to treat solid tumors of some types. However, its application in nasopharyngeal carcinoma has not been studied yet. In this paper, the detailed sonodynamic effects of HMME-SDT (sonodynamic therapy) on CNE-2 cells including cell growth inhibition, apoptosis induction, and membrane toxicity were ...
Kalyuzhny Alexander E - - 2011
Oxidative cell damage causes disruption of DNA via formation of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine and can trigger apoptotic cell death. The cells damaged by oxidative stress can either become apoptotic, or recover. Therefore, it is helpful to employ a parallel assay that would confirm whether cells experiencing oxidative damage undergo apoptosis. Our paper ...
Zhou Chunhua - - 2011
Aim: To investigate the effects of lentivirus-mediated shRNA targeting collagen type I on the mesangial cells of rats and the feasibility of lentivirus-mediated shRNA delivery through renal parenchyma injection. Methods: Anti-collagen type I shRNA lentiviral vector was constructed, and rat mesangial cells were transfected with transfection enhancer (control group), blank ...
Sinkovics Joseph G - - 2011
This article reviews the history of widespread exchanges of genetic segments initiated over 3 billion years ago, to be part of their life style, by sphero-protoplastic cells, the ancestors of archaea, prokaryota, and eukaryota. These primordial cells shared a hostile anaerobic and overheated environment and competed for survival. "Coexist with, ...
Vereb György - - 2011
Investigation of protein-protein interactions in situ in living or intact cells gains expanding importance as structure/function relationships proposed from bulk biochemistry and molecular modeling experiments require demonstration at the cellular level. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based methods are excellent tools for determining proximity and supramolecular organization of biomolecules at the ...
Lu Zhe - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e13542 in vol. 5.].
Lyman Susan K - - 2011
[This corrects the article on p. e17692 in vol. 6.].
Hauschild J - - 2011
Hyperacute rejection after porcine-to-human xenotransplantation is caused by binding of preformed human antibodies against Gal-epitopes on the surface of porcine cells. Organs from Gal-negative pigs have shown prolonged survival after transplantation into baboons. Knocking out a gene by conventional gene targeting frequency is extremely inefficient (homologous recombination=0.0001 to 0.001%; Denning ...
Huang H B - - 2011
Stimulated by state-of-the-art robotic and computer technology, Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) automation aims to scale and seamlessly transfer the human hand movements into more precise and fast movements of the micro manipulator. Piezo-drill cell injection, a novel technique using piezo-driven pipettes with a very small mercury column, has significantly ...
Jones Sarah - - 2011
The discovery of cell-penetrating peptides (CPP) has provided the scientific community with relatively small and increasingly cost-effective molecular agents that readily cross the normally impermeable cell membrane. Thus, as either inert delivery vectors or biologically active agents, CPP can be used to selectively modulate intracellular signal transduction events. Indeed, the ...
Herrera Federico - - 2011
We developed a new cell model for the visualization of toxic huntingtin oligomers in living cells. Huntingtin exon 1 (25Q or 103Q) was fused to non-fluorescent halves of the Venus protein. When huntingtin dimerizes inside the cells, Venus becomes functionally reconstituted and emits fluorescence. Oligomerization, aggregation and toxicity of mutant ...
Kurome M - - 2011
Generation of transgenic pigs by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has provided a new avenue for medical research. However, low efficiency of SCNT greatly hinders its practical applications. In this study we evaluated the efficiency of producing cloned transgenic pigs as well as the side effects of cloning observed in ...
Leong Ooi Kheng - - 2011
Physalis minima L. is reputed for having anticancer property. In this study, the chloroform extract of this plant exhibited remarkable cytotoxic activities on NCI-H23 (human lung adenocarcinoma) cell line at dose- and time-dependent manners (after 24, 48 and 72 h of incubation). Analysis of cell-death mechanism demonstrated that the extract exerted ...
Liu Zhihua - - 2011
Our previous studies demonstrated that the micro integral membrane protein (MIMP) located within the integral membrane protein of Lactobacillus plantarum CGMCC 1258 protected the intestinal barrier from injury. To further analyze the protective effects conferred to intestinal epithelial cells by MIMP, we established transient MIMP-expressing NCM460 cells (NCM460/MIMP) as a ...
Johnson Corbin S - - 2011
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is characterized by high mortality rates from deterioration of renal function over a period of hours or days that culminates in renal failure. AKI can be caused by a number of factors including ischemia, drug-based toxicity, or obstructive injury. This results in an inability to maintain ...
Rees Paul - - 2011
The inheritance of cellular material between parent and daughter cells during mitosis is highly influential in defining the properties of the cell and therefore the population lineage. This is of particular relevance when studying cell population evolution to assess the impact of a disease or the perturbation due to a ...
Vitali Marco - - 2011
Time-domain Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy (FLIM) is a remarkable tool to monitor the dynamics of fluorophore-tagged protein domains inside living cells. We propose a Wide-Field Multi-Parameter FLIM method (WFMP-FLIM) aimed to monitor continuously living cells under minimum light intensity at a given illumination energy dose. A powerful data analysis technique ...
Parvez Mohammad K - - 2011
A recombinant baculovirus(vBacORF2) that expressed the full-length ORF2 capsid protein of a genotype 1 strain of hepatitis E virus(HEV) was constructed. Transduction of S10-3 human hepatoma cells with this baculovirus led to large amounts of ORF2 protein production in ~50% of the cells as determined by immune fluorescence microscopy. The ...
Silver Jim - - 2011
Replication-competent adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) vectors promise to be more efficient gene delivery vehicles than their replication-deficient counterparts, and chimeric Ad5 vectors that are capable of targeting CD46 are more effective than Ad5 vectors with native fibers. Although several strategies have been used to improve gene transduction and oncolysis, either ...
Rantala Juha K - - 2011
High-throughput RNAi screening is widely applied in biological research, but remains expensive, infrastructure-intensive and conversion of many assays to HTS applications in microplate format is not feasible. Here, we describe the optimization of a miniaturized cell spot microarray (CSMA) method, which facilitates utilization of the transfection microarray technique for disparate ...
Ragni Enrico - - 2011
Mannoproteins construct the outer cover of the fungal cell wall. The covalently linked cell wall protein Ccw12p is an abundant mannoprotein. It is considered as crucial structural cell wall component since in baker's yeast the lack of CCW12 results in severe cell wall damage and reduced mating efficiency. In order ...
Liu Xiu-Huai - - 2011
Gammaretroviruses and gammaretroviral vectors, in contrast to lentiviruses and lentiviral vectors, are reported to be restricted in their ability to infect growth-arrested cells. The block to this restriction has never been clearly defined. The original assessment of the inability of gammaretroviruses and gammaretroviral vectors to infect growth-arrested cells was carried ...
Opota Onya - - 2011
Bacillus sphaericus strains that produce the binary toxin (Bin) are highly toxic to Culex and Anopheles mosquitoes, and have been used since the late 1980s as a biopesticide for the control of these vectors of infectious disease agents. The Bin toxin produced by these strains targets mosquito larval midgut epithelial ...
Senatore Adriano - - 2011
The in vitro expression and electrophysiological recording of recombinant voltage-gated ion channels in cultured human embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293T) is a ubiquitous research strategy. HEK-293T cells must be plated onto glass coverslips at low enough density so that they are not in contact with each other in order to allow ...
Ryals Renee C - - 2011
With the increasing number of retinal gene-based therapies and therapeutic constructs, in vitro bioassays characterizing vector transduction efficiency and quality are becoming increasingly important. Currently, in vitro assays quantifying vector transduction efficiency are performed predominantly for non-ocular tissues. A human retinal pigment epithelial cell line (ARPE19) and a mouse cone ...
Liu Yachun - - 2011
Smaller nanoparticles facilitate the delivery of DNA into cells through endocytosis and improve transfection efficiency. The aim of this study was to determine whether protamine sulfate-coated calcium phosphate (PS-CaP) could stabilize particle size and enhance transfection efficiency. pEGFP-C1 green fluorescence protein was employed as an indicator of transfection efficiency. Atomic ...
Zhang Dayi D Kroto Research Institute, University of Sheffield, Broad Lane, Sheffield S3 7HQ, - - 2011
We developed a biocompatible and highly efficient approach for functionalization of bacterial cell wall with magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). Three Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1 chromosomally based bioreporters, which were genetically engineered to express bioluminescence in response to salicylate, toluene/ xylene and alkanes, were functionalized with 18 3 nm iron oxide MNPs to ...
Darzynkiewicz Zbigniew Z Department of Pathology, New York Medical College, Brander Cancer Research Institute, Valhalla, NY, - - 2011
Activation of caspases is a hallmark of apoptosis. Several methods, therefore, were developed to identify and count the frequency of apoptotic cells based on the detection of caspases activation. The method described in this chapter is based on the use of fluorochrome-labeled inhibitors of caspases (FLICA) applicable to fluorescence microscopy, ...
Babic Ana A Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, - - 2011
Horizontal gene transfer contributes to evolution and the acquisition of new traits. In bacteria, horizontal gene transfer is often mediated by conjugative genetic elements that transfer directly from cell to cell. Integrative and conjugative elements (ICEs; also known as conjugative transposons) are mobile genetic elements that reside within a host ...
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