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Results 601 - 650 of 3317
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Qin Fengjin - - 2010
S100 proteins, a family of Ca(2+)-binding proteins, have been linked to several human diseases in recent years. Deregulated expression of S100 proteins, including S100A9 and its partner S100A8, was reported to be associated with neoplastic disorders. In our previous study using serial analysis of gene expression, we identified decreased expressions ...
Mansoor Saffar - - 2010
To study the inhibitory effects of some agents or drugs (inhibitors) on benzo(e)pyrene (B(e)P)-induced cell death and apoptosis on human retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19) cells in vitro. ARPE-19 cells were pretreated with varying concentrations of different classes of inhibitors (calpain, benzyl isothiocyanate [BITC], simvastatin, epicatechin, genistein, resveratrol, and memantine) before ...
Lee Duk Su - - 2009
Curcumin is a major component of Curcuma longa rhizome and has been used as a traditional medicine for centuries. In this study, we showed that curcumin induced cell cycle arrest followed by antiproliferation and apoptosis in human osteosarcoma (HOS) cells. Antiproliferative activity was measured with the 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. ...
Yedjou Clement - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a malignant disorder of the white blood cells. Arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) has been used as a therapeutic agent to treat APL and other tumors. Studies suggest that ascorbic acid (AA) supplementation may improve the clinical outcome of As(2)O(3) for APL patients. Our aim was ...
Lee Sung Hak - - 2009
In the current study, it was demonstrated that the hot water extract of I. obliquus (IOWE) exerts inhibitory activity against the proliferation of human colon cancer cells (HT-29). The inhibitory effect of IOWE on the growth of HT-29 cancer cells was evaluated by treating cells with IOWE at concentrations of ...
Wang Wen-di - - 2009
Piperazine is one of the heterocycles which are associated with diverse pharmacological activities. 2-N,N-Diethylaminocarbonyloxymethyl-1-diphenylmethyl-4-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl) piperazine hydrochloride (PMS-1077) is a trisubstituted piperazine which contains a trimethoxybenzene ring and a benzhydrylpiperazine fragment, both of which can induce cell proliferation regression by different mechanisms. We have therefore examined the effects of PMS-1077 on ...
Liu Yao - - 2009
The effects of PEG10 on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced apoptosis in human normal liver cell line L02 were investigated. The PEG10 gene was transfected into L02 cells by lipofectamine, the positive clone was screened by G418 and defined as L02/PEG10, while the cell transfected with empty expression vector (pEGFP-N1) was defined ...
Giannopoulou Efstathia - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Panitumumab, a fully-human monoclonal antibody raised against epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) for the treatment of patients with EGFR-expressing metastatic colorectal carcinoma (mCRC) after failure of standard chemotherapy. Additionally, the guideline of ...
Miranda Moysés dos Santos Mdos - - 2009
Cell cycle synchronization by serum starvation (SS) induces apoptosis in somatic cells. This side effect of SS is hypothesized to negatively affect the outcome of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). We determined whether apoptotic fibroblasts affect SCNT yields. Serum-starved, adult, bovine fibroblasts were stained with annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide to allow ...
Mansure Jose J - - 2009
We examined whether mTOR inhibition by RAD001 (Everolimus) could be therapeutically efficacious in the treatment of bladder cancer. RAD001 markedly inhibited proliferation of nine human urothelial carcinoma cell lines in dose- and sensitivity-dependent manners in vitro. FACS analysis showed that treatment with RAD001 for 48 h induced a cell cycle ...
Zhou Xue-ying - - 2009
Escin, a mixture of triterpene saponins extracted from Aesculus wilsonii Rehd., was used to analyze the antitumor effect in hepatocellular carcinoma in vivo and in vitro. At a dose of 2.8 mg/kg, escin had a rather high inhibition ratio (43.5 %) on mice H22 tumor growth in vivo. The results ...
Samadi Abbas - - 2009
Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) is a chaperone protein regulating several client proteins involved in thyroid cancer development. The purpose of this study was to mechanistically evaluate a novel, natural product drug with anticancer activity in thyroid cancer cell lines in vitro for future translational applications. A total of 285 ...
Tapp H - - 2009
Loss of cells in the human disc due to programmed cell death (apoptosis) is a major factor in the aging and degenerating human intervertebral disc. Our objective here was to determine if thymosin beta(4) (TB4), a small, multifunctional 5 kDa protein with diverse activities, might block apoptosis in human annulus ...
Perabo Frank G E - - 2011
Indirubin-3'-monoxime, which is a selective and potent inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) has shown preclinical activity in several human cancer cells. This study investigated if indirubin-3'-monoxime can induce apoptosis and tumor cell death in 3 human (A498, CAKI-1, CAKI-2) and 1 murine renal cell cancer (RENCA) cell line. The growth ...
Suzuki Maiko - - 2010
PURPOSE: Selenium (Se) compounds are well known to inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell death in human cancer cells. Respective chemical forms of Se are intracellularly metabolized via complicated pathways, which target distinct molecules and exhibit varying degrees of anti-carcinogenicity in different cancer types; however, the precise mechanisms by which ...
Tayarani-Najaran Z - - 2010
Scutellaria lindbergii (Lamiaceae) is Iranian species of Scutellaria. Cytotoxic properties of total methanol extract of S. lindbergii and its fractions were investigated on different cancer cell lines including AGS, HeLa, MCF-7, and PC12. Meanwhile the role of apoptosis was explored in this toxicity. Malignant and non-malignant cells were cultured in ...
Koh Han Seok - - 2009
In the periphery, a galectin-1 receptor, CD7, plays crucial roles in galectin-1-mediated apoptosis of activated T-cells as well as progression of T-lymphoma. Previously, we demonstrated that NF-kappaB downregulated CD7 gene expression through the p38 MAPK pathway in developing immature thymocytes. However, its regulatory pathway is not well understood in functional ...
Mahdi J G - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of a novel phenolic-based compound, 2-hydroxy benzoate zinc (2HBZ), and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MTT assay was used to assess cell proliferation while different methods were used to detect apoptosis morphologically and immunohistochemically in Human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells. ...
Wiebe John P - - 2010
Previous studies have shown that breast tissues and breast cell lines convert progesterone (P) to 5alpha-dihydroprogesterone (5alphaP) and 3alpha-dihydroprogesterone (3alphaHP) and that 3alphaHP suppresses, whereas 5alphaP promotes, cell proliferation and detachment. The objectives of the current studies were to determine if the 5alphaP- and 3alphaHP-induced changes in cell numbers are ...
Jiang Jing - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Endostatin is the most potent inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis. However, endostatin protein has a short half-time and virus-mediated endostatin gene therapy has serious toxicity, which limits the application of endostatin in clinical therapy. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered to be able to accumulate at the site of cancers ...
Tang Kai-Fu - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Dicer is a multidomain ribonuclease III enzyme involved in the biogenesis of microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs); depletion of Dicer was found to impair the migration of endothelial cells. METHODS: siRNA transfection, cell migration assay, real-time RT-PCR, chromatin immunoprecipitation, Western blotting, ELISA, caspase-3 activity assay, and annexin-V-FITC ...
Yoon Ji-Hye - - 2010
BACKGROUND: 5'-Nitro-indirubinoxime (5'-NIO) is a new derivative of indirubin that exhibits anti-cancer activity in a variety of human cancer cells. However, its mechanism has not been fully clarified. METHODS: Human salivary gland adenocarcinoma (SGT) cells were used in this study. Western blot and RT-PCR analyses were performed to determine cellular ...
Kim Junghyun - - 2010
Methylglyoxal (MGO) is a cytotoxic metabolite and modifies tissue proteins through the Maillard reaction, resulting in advanced glycation end products (AGEs), which can alter protein structure and functions. Several MGO-derived AGEs have been described, including argpyrimidine, a fluorescent product of the MGO reaction with arginine residues. Herein, we evaluated the ...
Ioannides Adonis S AS Neural Development Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, London, - - 2010
Foregut division-the separation of dorsal (oesophageal) from ventral (tracheal) foregut components-is a crucial event in gastro-respiratory development, and frequently disturbed in clinical birth defects. Here, we examined three outstanding questions of foregut morphogenesis. The origin of the trachea is suggested to result either from respiratory outgrowth or progressive septation of ...
Okuya Mayuko - - 2010
The E2A-HLF fusion transcription factor generated by t(17;19)(q22;p13) translocation is found in a small subset of pro-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALLs) and promotes leukemogenesis by substituting for the antiapoptotic function of cytokines. Here we show that t(17;19)+ ALL cells express Survivin at high levels and that a dominant negative ...
Kumar Anil - - 2009
Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant cancer of the central nervous system in children. AKT kinases are part of a survival pathway that has been found to be significantly elevated in medulloblastoma. This pathway is a point of convergence for many growth factors and controls cellular processes that are critical ...
Foti Carmela - - 2009
The regulation of the necrotic death and its relevance in anticancer therapy are largely unknown. Here, we have investigated the proapoptotic and pronecrotic activities of two ubiquitin-proteasome system inhibitors: bortezomib and G5. The present study points out that the glioblastoma cell lines U87MG and T98G are useful models to study ...
Guo Can-Jie - - 2009
In our previous studies, we identified miR-16 as being downregulated during activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) by microarray hybridization. However, the roles and related mechanisms of miR-16 in HSCs are not understood. In this study, The miRNA RNAi technique was used to analyze the effects of miR-16 on biological ...
Ryu Deok-Seon - - 2009
In this study, we investigated the anti-proliferative effect of polysaccharides from Salicornia herbacea on HT-29 human colon cancer cells. Crude polysaccharides from S. herbacea (CS) were prepared by extraction with hot steam water, and fine polysaccharides from S. herbacea (PS) were obtained through further size exclusion chromatography. The anti-proliferative effect ...
Murao Yoshinori - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation induce immunosuppression. CD4CD25 regulatory T cells and gammadeltaT cells may affect these immunosuppressive conditions. Hypertonic saline resuscitation reduces damage to organs and apoptosis and also restores immunosuppressive condition. We investigated how hypertonic saline resuscitation affected the induction of CD4CD25 regulatory T cells and gammadeltaT cells, ...
KADOWAKI Shingo - - 2009
We have reported that treatment with trientine, Cu-chelating agent, inhibits tumor growth in a murine transplantation model using fibrosarcoma and induces apoptosis in tumor cells in vivo and in vitro. When fibrosarcoma cells were treated with 10 mM trientine, the activities of p38 MAPK in treated cells were approximately 3-4 ...
Noutomi Takenori - - 2009
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces apoptosis in MIT6 cells derived from primary oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), whereas it does not induce apoptosis in MIL6 cells derived from metastases. The present studies were performed to examine whether activation of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) is implicated in the ...
Guo Qingqu - - 2009
To investigate the role of the apoptosis gene, DAP (death-associated protein) kinase-related apoptosis-inducing protein kinase 1 (DRAK1), which is involved in enhancing cell sensitivity and overcoming cell resistance to gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer cells by the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib. Cultured human pancreatic cancer gemcitabine-sensitive cell lines (bxpc-3) and gemcitabine-resistant (panc-1) ...
Chen Ying-Ju - - 2010
Chondrosarcoma is a malignant primary bone tumor that responds poorly to both chemotherapy and radiation therapy. In the present study, we investigated the anti-cancer effect of a honokiol, an active component isolated and purified from the Magnolia officinalis in human chondrosarcoma cells. Honokiol-induced cell apoptosis in human chondrosarcoma cell lines ...
Dietrich Charles S CS - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To determine if SAHA, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, decreases ovarian cancer cell viability when combined with paclitaxel in vitro, and to explore molecular alterations of combined paclitaxel+SAHA treatment. METHODS: SKOV3 and Hey ovarian cancer cell lines were treated for 24 h with paclitaxel, then re-treated with SAHA or paclitaxel ...
Luo Huiying - - 2010
Polymer nanoparticles have become attractive for its prominent property recent years. In this paper, antitumor effects of N-succinyl-chitosan nanoparticles (NSCNP), a nanoparticles derivated from chitosan, were evaluated in K562 cells, including cell viability comparison, cell morphology analysis, DNA fragmentation detection, cell surface potential and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) measurement, intracellular ...
Lim Jung Yeon - - 2010
Mounting evidence suggests that lipoxygenase (LO)-catalyzed products may play a key role in the development and progression of human cancers. In this study, we analyzed the effects of a 5-LO inhibitor, which inhibits the conversion of arachidonic acid to leukotrienes, on cell proliferation and apoptosis in human malignant glioma cells, ...
Monticone Massimiliano - - 2009
Gamma-secretase inhibitors have been proposed as drugs able to kill cancer cells by targeting the NOTCH pathway. Here, we investigated two of such inhibitors, the Benzyloxicarbonyl-Leu-Leu-Nle-CHO (LLNle) and the N-[N-(3,5-difluorophenacetyl)-L-alanyl]-S-phenylglycine t-butyl ester (DAPT), to assess whether they were effective in killing human glioblastoma tumor-initiating cells (GBM TIC) in vitro. We ...
Singh Mansher - - 2010
Curcumin is a naturally occurring polyphenolic compound found in the turmeric, which is used as food additive in Indian cooking and as a therapeutic agent in traditional Indian medicine. Curcumin is currently under investigation as a chemotherapeutic and chemopreventive agent in adult cancer models at both pre-clinical and clinical levels. ...
Sharma Madhunika - - 2010
We investigated the apoptosis inducing effect of essential oil (EO) from aerial parts of Ocimumviride in human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (COLO 205 cell line). The COLO 205 cells were exposed to 0.0125-0.1 microl/ml of EO for 24, 48 and 72h. Growth inhibition was determined by sulphorhodamine B (SRB) assay. Double ...
Hofmann Claudia - - 2009
Complete loss of cell anchorage triggers apoptosis in primary human colonic epithelial cells (CEC), a phenomenon known as anoikis. Besides the induction of pro-apoptotic events, activation of survival pathways was observed in detached intestinal epithelial cell lines, providing a transient apoptosis protection. However, nothing is known about molecular mechanisms protecting ...
Greene C M - - 2010
alpha(1)-antitrypsin (alpha(1)-AT) deficiency is a genetic disease which manifests as early-onset emphysema or liver disease. Although the majority of alpha(1)-AT is produced by the liver, it is also produced by bronchial epithelial cells, amongst others, in the lung. Herein, we investigate the effects of mutant Z alpha(1)-AT (ZAAT) expression on ...
Ogata Ikuko - - 2010
German chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.), one of the popular ingredients in herbal teas, has been traditionally used for medicinal purposes. Bisabololoxide A (BSBO) is one of the main constituents in this herb. BSBO is supposed to be principle in some bioactivities of German chamomile such as anti-inflammatory, gastrointestinal, and antipruritic ...
Nishikawa Takeshi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Sulforaphane (SUL), an isothiocyanate naturally present in widely consumed vegetables, particularly broccoli, has recently attracted attention due to its inhibitory effects on tumor cell growth by inducing apoptosis. We investigated the ability of SUL to induce autophagy in human colon cancer cells and whether inhibition of autophagy could potentiate ...
Roth Patrick - - 2009
PURPOSE: Glioblastomas are among the most lethal neoplasms, with a median survival of <1 year. Modulation of the proteasome function has emerged as a novel approach to cancer pharmacotherapy. Here, we characterized the antitumor properties of SC68896, a novel small molecule proteasome inhibitor. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Different tumor cell lines were ...
Zhang Dong - - 2010
To investigate the effects of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), an extract of green tea on cultured human leiomyoma cells (HuLM). Laboratory study. University hospitals. Not applicable. Not applicable. The HuLM cells were treated with various EGCG concentrations. Cell proliferation was assayed using Hoechst 33258 dye, and apoptosis by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase ...
Han Yong Hwan - - 2009
Carbonyl cyanide p-(trifluoromethoxy) phenylhydrazone (FCCP) is an uncoupler of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in eukaryotic cells. Here, we evaluated the in vitro effects of FCCP on the growth of Calu-6 lung cancer cells. FCCP inhibited the growth of Calu-6 cells with an IC(50) of approximately 6.64+/-1.84 microM at 72 h, as ...
Mizuno Taka-aki - - 2009
Progenitor cells proliferate at the retinal margin of adult goldfish, so that the developmental stages of maturing retinal cells are arranged in temporal sequence along the periphero-central axis. We studied the caspase-dependent apoptosis of ON bipolar cells, which were labeled by an antibody to protein kinase C (PKC). In both ...
Matondo Mariette - - 2010
The proteasome plays a critical role in the regulation of many cellular processes, including the cell cycle and tumor growth. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib has recently been approved for the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. In this study, we investigated the induction of apoptosis by proteasome inhibitors in ...
O'Sullivan-Coyne G - - 2009
Oesophageal cancer incidence is increasing and survival rates remain extremely poor. Natural agents with potential for chemoprevention include the phytochemical curcumin (diferuloylmethane). We have examined the effects of curcumin on a panel of oesophageal cancer cell lines. MTT (3-(4,5-dimethyldiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assays and propidium iodide staining were used to ...
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