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Results 451 - 500 of 3317
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Zhang Tie-nan - - 2010
Bovine lactoferricin (LfcinB) is a cationic peptide that selectively induces apoptosis in Jurkat cells. However less is known about the influence of this kind of apoptosis on the intra-cellular ceramide metabolism and the structure-function relationship between the loop structure of LfcinB and its action of inducing apoptosis in Jurkat cells. ...
Maglione Vittorio - - 2010
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine stretch in the protein huntingtin (Htt). HD neurons are dysfunctional at multiple levels and have increased susceptibility to stress and apoptotic stimuli. We have discovered that synthesis of the ganglioside GM1 is reduced in fibroblasts from ...
Kurita Satoshi - - 2010
DNA methylation plays a critical role in chromatin remodeling and gene expression. DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) are hypothesized to mediate cellular DNA methylation status and gene expression during mammalian development and in malignant diseases. In this study, we examined the role of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) and DNMT3b in cell proliferation ...
Rinner Beate - - 2010
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has become very popular in Western countries during the last years. Zicao, a remedy of TCM, has been traditionally used to treat cancer, and, its main constituents, naphthoquinones, have been reported to possess antitumor activity (Chen et al., 2002; Papageorgiou et al., 1999). Here, we prepared ...
Hsu Tsung-Yuan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Engulfment of apoptotic cells is important for cellular homeostasis and the development of multicellular organisms. Previous studies have shown that more than one engulfment receptors act upstream of the conserved signaling module CED-2/CrkII-CED-5/Dock180-CED-12/ELMO for cell corpse removal in C. elegans, but little is known about their identities, except for ...
Töyli Mira - - 2010
Differentiation and transformation of untransformed and ts-Src-transformed canine kidney MDCK cells in 2D and 3D environment were investigated using microarray technique, RT-PCR, confocal microscopy and functional assays. Activated Src induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in 2D environment followed by translocation of junctional proteins to the cytoplasm, without significant changes in protein ...
Wang Xiao Bing - - 2010
The synergistic effect of ultrasound and certain chemicals on cells is known as sonodynamic therapy (SDT). It has been reported that the direct sonochemical and subsequent redox reactions induced by SDT treatment can lead to apoptotic cell death. However, the detailed biologic mechanism about it is not well understood until ...
Xu Xiao-Fang - - 2011
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most common malignant tumor in salivary glands and high-grade MEC in particular demonstrates little response to chemotherapy which has been used largely for palliative treatment of metastatic disease. Baicalin, one of the main active compounds of Scutellaria baicalensis, possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antitumor properties. In ...
Tang L - - 2010
Human lactoferrin (hLF), a member of the transferrin family, is known for its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects. Recent studies on various nonskin cell lines indicate that hLF may have a stimulatory effect on cell proliferation. To study the potential role of hLF in wound re-epithelialization. The effects of hLF on ...
Kawata Eri - - 2010
Although novel agents effective against malignant mesothelioma (MM) have been developed, the prognosis of patients with MM is still poor. We generated a DNA-chimeric siRNA against polo-like kinase-1 (PLK-1), which was more stable in human serum than the non-chimeric siRNA. The chimeric PLK-1 siRNA inhibited MM cell proliferation through the ...
Arias L Renea - - 2010
In this study, the electric cell-substrate impedance sensing (ECIS) system was used to study the cellular activities of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells in a real-time and label-free manner. Various cellular activities, including cell adhesion, spreading, proliferation, and drug-induced apoptosis and inhibition of apoptosis, were monitored. A linear relationship ...
Lu Jin-Jian - - 2010
Artemisinin and its derivatives (ARTs) are effective antimalarial drugs and also possess profound anticancer activity. However, the mechanism accounted for its distinctive activity in tumor cells remains unelucidated. We computed Pair wise Pearson correlation coefficients to identify genes that show significant correlation with ARTs activity in NCI-55 cell lines using ...
Peng Xi - - 2011
The purpose of this 42-day study was to investigate the effects of low selenium (Se) on immune function by determining cell cycle and apoptosis of bursa of Fabricius. One hundred twenty 1-day-old avian broilers were randomly assigned to two groups of 60 each and were fed on a low Se ...
Fukuyama Tomoki - - 2010
Several types of pesticides, such as organophosphates and organochlorines, can induce thymocyte apoptosis, resulting in thymic atrophy and predisposing the highly sensitive fetal immune system to loss of tolerance to self-antigens and subsequent increased risk for autoimmune disease and allergies. In the studies here, mouse primary thymocytes and a human ...
Mironava Tatsiana - - 2010
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are used in many applications; however, their interactions with cells and potential health risk(s) are not fully known. In this manuscript, we describe the interactions of AuNPs with human dermal fibroblasts and show that they can penetrate the plasma membrane and accumulate in large vacuoles. We also ...
Du Hua-Ping - - 2010
Berbamine is an herbal compound derived from Berberis amurensis, which is used in Chinese traditional medicine. However, few studies have investigated this anti-tumor effect or the underlying mechanisms of berbamine on lymphoma cells. We investigate the effect, as well as the mechanism of action, of 4-chlorobenzoyl berbamine (BBD9) on Raji, ...
de Mejia Elvira Gonzalez - - 2010
Lunasin is a novel chemopreventive peptide featuring a cell adhesion motif composed of arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD) which has been associated to cytotoxicity to established cell lines. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of lunasin on the viability of L1210 leukemia cells and to understand the underlying mechanisms ...
Speit Günter - - 2010
The alkaline comet assay was used to further characterize the induction of DNA-protein crosslinks (DPX) by formaldehyde (FA) and their removal in the human lung cell line A549. DPX were indirectly measured as the reduction of gamma ray-induced DNA migration. Repeated treatments of A549 cells with low FA concentrations (up ...
Zheng Chun-Lei - - 2010
2-Aminophenoxazine-3-one (Phx-3)-induced apoptosis was investigated. Phx-3 suppressed the viability of human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 and induced cellular apoptosis 6 h after treatment. Prior to these events, intracellular pH (pHi) was rapidly decreased from pH 7.65 to 7.10 within 30 min when A549 cells were treated with 7 microM ...
Philchenkov A A - - 2010
The apoptotic index, cell cycle progression and caspase-3 activation in K-562 cells induced to differentiate by DMSO or quercetin have been studied. Quercetin treatment of K-562 cells was accompanied by cell cycle arrest in G2/M and apoptosis with caspase-3 activation. In contrast, DMSO-induced differentiation was accompanied by the complete cell ...
Grzanka D - - 2010
Doxorubicin (DOX) is a drug widely used in cancer chemotherapy. Although it has been proven that DOX kills tumor cells, the triggered modes of cell death are not fully understood. There is some evidence that, depending on the dose of DOX, the treated cells undergo senescence, mitotic catastrophe, apoptosis or ...
Sun Yuanjie - - 2010
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a lipid growth factor known to regulate diverse cell functions, including cell proliferation, survival, and apoptosis. Tight regulation of cell survival in neuronal precursor is essential during neurogenesis in both developing and adult brain. Increasing data show that diverse external factors including LPA play roles in ...
Suh Dong Soo - - 2010
This study aimed to evaluate differential apoptotic response in uterine cervical cancer cells with and without HPV infection after chemotherapy. CaSki (HPV 16-positive) and C33A (mutant p53 and HPV-negative) cells were used. Cell viability was assessed by trypan blue cell exclusion test. Apoptosis was evaluated by DNA fragmentation analysis and ...
Stander B A - - 2010
In the present study, the antiproliferative mechanism of action of 1 microM 2-methoxyestradiol (2ME) was investigated in the MCF-7 cell line. Measurement of intracellular cyclin B and cytochrome c protein levels, reactive oxygen species formation, cell cycle progression and apoptosis induction were conducted by means of flow cytometry. Morphological changes ...
McHenry Peter - - 2010
Iejimalides are novel macrolides that are cytostatic or cytotoxic against a wide range of cancer cells at low nanomolar concentrations. A recent study by our laboratory characterized the expression of genes and proteins that determine the downstream effects of iejimalide B. However, little is known about the cellular target(s) of ...
Shafer Aaron A Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7572, - - 2010
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors modulate signaling pathways involved in cell cycle progression, and recent phase II trials demonstrate activity in patients with endometrial cancer. Our objective was to examine the effects of combination therapy with rapamycin and paclitaxel in endometrial cancer cell lines. Paclitaxel inhibited proliferation in a ...
Ganapathy-Kanniappan Shanmugasundaram S Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Blalock Building, Room 545, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2010
Autophagy, a cellular response to stress, plays a role in resistance to chemotherapy in cancer cells. Resistance renders systemic chemotherapy generally ineffective against human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently, we reported that the pyruvate analog 3-bromopyruvate (3-BrPA) promoted tumor cell death by targeting GAPDH. In continuance, we investigated the intracellular response ...
Oh Ha Lim - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: In the course of our screening for novel modulators on cell cycle progression and apoptosis as anticancer drug candidates, we isolated a novel compound HY253 with the molecular structure of 7,8a-divinyl-2,4a,4b,5,6,7,8,8a,9,9a-decahydro-1H-fluorene-2,4a,4b,9a-tetraol from the roots of Aralia continentalis. This study was designed to evaluate the detailed mechanisms ...
Brenes Oscar - - 2010
Two adherent cell lines, BAEC and HeLa, and non-adherent Jurkat, were treated with snake venom metalloproteinase BaP1 to determine whether cytotoxicity, previously reported for this toxin, could be mediated by the process of anoikis. It was observed that there was no correlation between the ability of this toxin to induce ...
Hsu Chin-Lin - - 2010
The leaves and roots of Alpinia pricei Hayata are used as a traditional wrapping for food and as a cooking substitute for fresh ginger. Our previous study showed that ethanol extracts from the roots of A. pricei Hayata (EEAP) and its phenolic compounds have anti-inflammatory effects. The aims of this ...
Kasimsetty Sashi G - - 2010
Pomegranate juice derived ellagitannins and their intestinal bacterial metabolites, urolithins, inhibited TCDD-induced CYP1-mediated EROD activity in vitro with IC(50) values ranging from 56.7 microM for urolithin A to 74.8 microM for urolithin C. These compounds exhibited dose- and time-dependent decreases in cell proliferation and clonogenic efficiency of HT-29 cells. Inhibition ...
Chiruvella Kishore K - - 2011
Natural products discovered from medicinal plants have played an important role in the treatment of cancer. In an effort to identify novel small molecules which can affect the proliferation of lymphoma cells, we tested methyl angolensate (MA), a plant derived tetranortriterpenoid, purified from the crude extract of the root callus ...
Cheng Hairong - - 2011
Ginseng polysaccharide has anticancer activity. However, the structure-activity relationship and the activity mechanism are still unclear. Therefore, it is necessary to study the anticancer activity of structurally different ginseng polysaccharide fractions and their potential mechanisms. Ginseng polysaccharide fractions and their temperature-modified products were assayed for their effects on HT-29 cell ...
Sha Ou - - 2010
This study was aimed at investigating and comparing the cytotoxicities of two structurally similar type I RIPs, namely trichosanthin (TCS) and free ricin A chain (RTA). A type II RIP, namely Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA), was also included for comparison. The three RIPs were added separately to cultures of NIH ...
Hosono T - - 2010
NEDD8 ultimate buster 1 (NUB1) is an interferon (IFN)-inducible protein that downregulates NEDD8 expression and its conjugation system. Although overexpression of NUB1 induces a growth-inhibitory effect in cells, the mechanisms underlying the anti-mitogenic actions of NUB1 in cancer cells remain uncertain. We investigated the anti-cancer effects of NUB1 in human ...
Borowicki Anke - - 2010
Wheat aleurone contains high amounts of dietary fibers that are fermented by the microflora, resulting in the formation of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), which are recognized for their chemopreventive potential. This study investigated the effects of fermented aleurone on growth, apoptosis, differentiation, and expression of several genes using two different ...
Leelawat Kawin - - 2010
PURPOSE: Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (Klatskin tumor) is one of the most difficult cancers to treat. We demonstrate activation of phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling, which is a critical pathway for cell survival, in hilar cholangiocarcinoma cells. However, inhibition of PI3K has little effect on hilar cholangiocarcinoma cell survival. In this study, we investigated ...
Gu Jingyi - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small noncoding RNA molecules involved in modulation of cellular sensitivity to anti-cancer drugs. miRNA-21 (miR-21), one of the most prominent miRNAs in the genesis and progression of many human cancers, has been rarely characterized in myelogenous leukemia. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) was successfully used in the treatment ...
Sharma Som D - - 2010
Overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandins (PG) is linked to a wide variety of human cancers. Here, we assessed whether the chemotherapeutic effect of grape seed proanthocyanidins (GSP) on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells is mediated through the inhibition of COX-2 and PGE(2)/PGE(2) receptor expression. The effects of GSPs ...
Jiang Zhihua - - 2010
The highly conserved mismatch (MMR) repair system corrects postreplicative errors and modulates cellular responses to genotoxic agents. Here, we show that the MMR system strongly influences cellular sensitivity to curcumin. Compared with MMR-proficient cells, isogenically matched MMR-deficient cells displayed enhanced sensitivity to curcumin. Similarly, cells suppressed for MLH1 or MSH2 ...
Ma Guoyi - - 2010
PURPOSE: The leukemias account for the largest number of cases of childhood cancer and remain the primary cause of cancer-related mortality among children in the United States. There is a need for novel antileukemia agents due to toxicity and resistant to existing chemotherapeutic agents. In this study, the effects of ...
Chen Didi - - 2010
The cell surface receptor CED-1 mediates apoptotic cell recognition by phagocytic cells, enabling cell corpse clearance in Caenorhabditis elegans. Here, we found that the C. elegans intracellular protein sorting complex, retromer, was required for cell corpse clearance by mediating the recycling of CED-1. Retromer was recruited to the surfaces of ...
Sang Jian-Rong - - 2010
Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in many physiologic and pathologic processes. As an important biologic mediator, NO has been the focus of cancer study for its function in tumorigenesis, tumor progression, and death. This study investigated the effect of NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) on the growth and proliferation of ...
Kang Jeonghwa - - 2010
In the course of our screening for novel modulators on cell cycle progression and apoptosis as anticancer drug candidates, we generated an analogue of sangivamycin, MCS-C2, designated as 4-amino-6-bromo-7-cyclopentyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine-5-carboxamide. This study was aimed to evaluate the molecular mechanisms on cell cycle arrest and apoptotic induction of MCS-C2 in human lung ...
Wang Mingyi - - 2010
The release of Notch intracellular domain (NICD) is mediated by gamma-secretase. gamma-Secretase inhibitors have been shown to be potent inhibitors of NICD. We hypothesized that Notch1 is acting as an oncogene in ovarian cancer and that inhibition of Notch1 would lead to inhibition of cell growth and apoptotic cell death ...
Wang Zibing - - 2010
Although adjuvants are important components of vaccines, few studies have been conducted to establish the criteria on adjuvant selection and to investigate mechanisms of adjuvant actions during vaccination. Here we found that complete Freund adjuvant (CFA) induced a CD11b cell population in a B-cell independent manner. This cell population exhibited ...
Liang Yi-Qiong - - 2010
This study was aimed to explore the potential therapy of Gambogic acid (GA) combinated with magnetic nanoparticle of Fe3O4 (Fe3O4-MNP) on leukemia. The proliferation of U937 cells and the cytotoxcity were evaluated by MTT assay. Cell apoptosis was observed and analyzed by microscopy and flow cytometry respectively. The expressions of ...
Chevanne Marta - - 2010
The capability of PARP activity inhibitors to prevent DNA damage recovery suggested the use of these drugs as chemo- and radio-sensitisers for cancer therapy. Our research, carried out on cultured human M14 melanoma cells, was aimed to examine if PJ-34, a potent PARP activity inhibitor of second generation, was per ...
Jeong Yun-Mi - - 2010
Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) have emerged as a new strategy for cancer treatment. In the present study, we determined the effects of IAA/HRP treatment on TCCSUP human urinary bladder carcinoma cells. It was found that the IAA/HRP combination decreased cell viability of TCCSUP cells in a time- ...
Park In-Sook - - 2010
NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors show anti-cancer activities in many cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of NSAIDs (aspirin or indomethacin) and COX-2 inhibitor (NS-398) on growth of YD-8 human oral squamous carcinoma cells. Interestingly, among drugs tested, aspirin showed strongest inhibitory effects on viability and survival of ...
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