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Baetas-da-Cruz Wagner - - 2009
Complex carbohydrate structures are essential molecules of infectious microbes and host cells, and are involved in cell signaling associated with inflammatory and immune responses. The uptake of mannose-tailed glycans is usually carried out by macrophages, dendritic cells (DCs), and other professional phagocytes to trigger MHC class I- and MHC class ...
Yellepeddi Venkata K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Biotin is an essential micronutrient and its levels are high in rapidly proliferating cells such as cancer cells. We hypothesized that the synthesis of poly (amido)amine (PAMAM) dendrimers with biotin molecules might contribute to enhanced cancer cell-specific uptake. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PAMAM dendrimers were biotinylated using sulfo-NHS-LC-biotin and structural ...
Kinne Anita - - 2009
Mutations in the gene encoding the thyroid hormone transporter, monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8), underlie severe mental retardation. We wanted to understand the functional consequences of a series of missense mutations in MCT8 in order to identify therapeutic options for affected patients. We established cell lines stably expressing 12 MCT8 variants ...
Chothe Paresh P PP Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912, - - 2010
A sodium-coupled oligopeptide transporter (SOPT1) was described originally in ARPE-19 cells. The transporter is inducible by HIV-1 Tat. Recent studies of conjunctival epithelial cells have identified a second oligopeptide transporter (SOPT2). This study was conducted to determine whether the newly discovered SOPT2 is expressed in ARPE-19 cells, to examine whether ...
Bakhiya Nadiya - - 2009
Aristolochic acid (AA), present in Aristolochia species, is the major causative agent in the development of severe renal failure and urothelial cancers in patients with AA nephropathy. It may also be a cause of Balkan endemic nephropathy. Epithelial cells of the proximal tubule are the primary cellular target of AA. ...
Polachek Hana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Placental transfer of Levofloxacin (LF), a broad spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic, and its inhibition was investigated in BeWo cells, a human trophoblast cell line. METHODS: The experiments of LF uptake by BeWo cells were performed after preincubation and in the presence of the P-glycoprotein inhibitors (Cyclosporin A, Verapamil and Quercetin), ...
Hellwig Michael - - 2009
Pyrraline is a quantitatively dominating glycation compound of the advanced Maillard reaction in foods and can be found in urine after consumption of pyrraline-containing food items. The purpose of this study was to investigate the transport of pyrraline and its dipeptide derivatives alanylpyrraline (Ala-Pyrr) and pyrralylalanine (Pyrr-Ala) at intestinal and ...
Yun Mijin - - 2009
We analyzed the pattern of (11)C-acetate and (18)F-FDG uptake on PET/CT in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We also assessed the expression of important regulatory enzymes related to glycolysis and lipid synthesis in relation to (18)F-FDG and (11)C-acetate uptake in human HCC cell lines. The significance of (11)C-acetate uptake regulation ...
Prouillac Caroline - - 2009
The mycotoxin zearalenone, produced by Fusarium species, is a worldwide contaminant of concern in cereals and other plant products. Due to its estrogenic activity, zearalenone (ZEA) is known to have toxicological effect in animals on reproductive system and the placental transfer of ZEA was suggested by in vivo studies. Although ...
Zhao Gang - - 2009
Safflower, the dry flower of Carthamus tinctorius L., has long been applied for empirically treating cerebral ischemia and depression in traditional Chinese medicine. Pathogenesis of major depression involves monoaminergic transmission. The present study assessed whether safflower or its isolate would be effective in functionally regulating monoamine transporter using in vitro ...
Rotoli Bianca Maria - - 2009
Since arginine metabolites, such as nitric oxide and polyamines, influence the expression of genes involved in erythroid differentiation, the transport of the cationic amino acid may play an important role in erythroid cells. However, available data only concern the presence in these cells of CAT1 transporter (system y(+)), while no ...
Villa-Bellosta Ricardo - - 2009
The main nonhormonal mechanism for controlling inorganic phosphate (P(i)) homeostasis is renal adaptation of the proximal tubular P(i) transport rate to changes in dietary phosphate content. Opossum kidney (OK) cell line is an in vitro renal model that maintains the ability of renal adaptation to the extracellular P(i) concentration. We ...
Heggland Ingrid - - 2009
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a neurotoxicant which enters the brain and may cause permanent change. Thus, the properties of MeHg transport across cell membranes are a key factor in designing an appropriate model for MeHg neurotoxicity. This study uses cell cultures to examine the uptake and efflux mechanisms of methylmercury in ...
Lagisetty Pallavi - - 2009
N4-Modified, novel Ara-C conjugate capable of radiolabeling with gamma ray-emitting ((99m)Tc) as well as positron emitting ((18)F) radionuclides, that is, N4-hydrazine derivative was synthesized. The radiolabeling of N4-(hydrazinonicotinyl)-1-beta-arabinofuranosyl cytosine (HAra-C) with (99m)Tc was performed with over 95% labeling yield. To label HAra-C with (18)F, 4-fluoro((18)F)-benzaldehyde was synthesized from 4-formyl-N,N,N-trimethylanilinium triflate ...
Sakai Miho - - 2009
Macrophage phagocytosis activates NADPH oxidase, an electron transport system in the plasma membrane. This study examined the feasibility of utilizing electrons transferred through the plasma membrane via NADPH oxidase to run a biofuel cell. THP-1 human monocytic cells were chemically stimulated to differentiate into macrophages. Further they were activated to ...
Machová Eva - - 2009
Choline is an essential nutrient necessary for synthesis of membrane phospholipids, cell signalling molecules and acetylcholine. The aim of this study was to detect and characterize the choline transporter-like 1 (CTL1/SLC44A1) protein in CNS tissues and the hybrid neuroblastoma x glioma cell line NG108-15, which synthesizes acetylcholine and has high ...
Doihara Hitoshi - - 2009
Recently, we discovered that transient receptor potential ankyrin1 channel (TRPA1) is highly expressed in human and rat enterochromaffin (EC) cells, and those TRPA1 agonists such as allyl isothiocyanates (AITC) and cinnamaldehyde (CA) enhance the release of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) from EC cells in vitro. In this study, QGP-1 cells, a ...
Blair Brian G BG Moores Cancer Center and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, - - 2009
Copper transporter 2 (CTR2) is known to mediate the uptake of Cu(+1) by mammalian cells. Several other Cu transporters, including the influx transporter CTR1 and the two efflux transporters ATP7A and ATP7B, also regulate sensitivity to the platinum-containing drugs. We sought to determine the effect of CTR2 on influx, intracellular ...
Schneiderhan W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: CD147 (basigin, EMMPRIN) is a multifunctional, highly conserved glycoprotein enriched in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs) which is associated with poor prognosis in many malignancies. The role of CD147 in pancreatic cancer, however, remains elusive. METHODS AND RESULTS: Silencing of CD147 by RNA interference (RNAi) reduced the proliferation rate of ...
Hwang Pung-Pung - - 2009
Transepithelial transport is one of the major processes involved in the mechanism of homeostasis of body fluids in vertebrates including fish. The current models of ion regulation in fish gill ionocytes have been proposed mainly based on studies in traditional model species like salmon, trout, tilapia, eel and killifish, but ...
Phan Tri Giang - - 2009
The logistic problem of B cell antigen encounter in the lymph node has recently been studied by dynamic imaging using two-photon microscopy. These studies combined with the early studies of antigen transport have yielded a more complete picture of the orchestration of B cell activation in vivo. Here we summarize ...
Misumi Shogo - - 2009
Effective uptake of Ags by specialized M cells of gut-associated lymphoid tissues is an important step in inducing efficient immune responses after oral vaccination. Although stable nontoxic small molecule mimetics of lectins, such as synthetic multivalent polygalloyl derivatives, may have potential in murine M cell targeting, it remains unclear whether ...
Ogihara Takuo - - 2009
Oseltamivir, an ester-type prodrug of the neuraminidase inhibitor [3R,4R,5S]-4-acetamido-5-amino-3-(1-ethylpropoxy)-1-cyclohexene-1-carboxylate phosphate (Ro 64-0802), has been developed for the treatment of A and B strains of the influenza virus but has neuropsychiatric and other side effects. In this study, we characterized the transport across intestinal epithelial cells and the absorption of oseltamivir ...
Schnabl Kareena L - - 2009
Ganglioside GD3 is a glycosphingolipid found in colostrum, developing tissues, and tumors and is known to regulate cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and inflammation. Feeding a GD3-enriched diet to rats increases GD3 in intestinal lipid rafts and blood. The mechanism, efficiency, and fate of ganglioside absorption by human enterocytes have not ...
Endter Sibylle - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Carrier-mediated transport mechanisms play crucial roles in drug absorption and elimination processes, as well as in the transport of endogenous molecules affecting cellular regulation and function. In this study we used RT-PCR analysis to characterise the mRNA transcript expression of a wide range of membrane carrier transporters in several ...
Nimmagadda Sridhar - - 2009
High levels of choline kinase (ChoK) expression and choline phospholipid metabolites are often associated with malignant transformation, invasion, and metastasis, particularly in breast cancer. These findings have led to the development of novel pharmacologic or gene therapeutic interventions for ChoK-targeted inhibition. To identify pharmacodynamic markers for the therapeutic evaluation of ...
Pomahacová Barbora - - 2009
The biosynthetic pathway of monoterpenoid indole alkaloids in Catharanthus roseus is located throughout various membranes at both the cellular and intercellular levels. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are known to export vincristine and vinblastine from human cancer cells. It has recently been shown that ABC transporters are also involved in the ...
Ghildyal Reena - - 2009
The degradation of nuclear pore components and disruption of nucleocytoplasmic trafficking during rhinovirus infection have been attributed to viral 2A protease. Here we show for the first time that rhinovirus 3C protease may also have a role. Specifically, we show that 3C and its precursor, 3CD, can target green fluorescent ...
Bakhiya Nadiya - - 2009
5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is formed when sugars are acidified or heated. It is present at high levels in numerous foods. HMF is inactive in standard genotoxicity tests, but can be metabolized to a chemically reactive intermediate, 5-sulfooxymethylfurfural (SMF), which is mutagenic and carcinogenic. We recently found that direct parental administration of ...
Kayingo Gerald G Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, Yale University, CT 06516, USA. - - 2009
Candida albicans accumulates large amounts of the polyols glycerol and d-arabitol when the cells are exposed to physiological conditions relevant to stress and virulence in animals. Intracellular concentrations of glycerol are determined by rates of glycerol production and catabolism and of glycerol uptake and efflux through the plasma membrane. We ...
Jensen Laran T LT Department of Environmental Health Sciences and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2009
The yeast Smf1p Nramp manganese transporter is posttranslationally regulated by environmental manganese. Smf1p is stabilized at the cell surface with manganese starvation, but is largely degraded in the vacuole with physiological manganese through a mechanism involving the Rsp5p adaptor complex Bsd2p/Tre1p/Tre2p. We now describe an additional level of Smf1p regulation ...
Salphati Laurent - - 2009
The human colorectal carcinoma cell line LS513 exhibits epithelial morphology, adherent properties and can grow subcutaneously to form tumors in nude mice. Thus, it is a potential model for mouse xenograft efficacy studies. The present study characterized the expression and activity of P-gp, BCRP and MRP2 in LS513 cells. We ...
Bayer Melanie - - 2009
For imaging of neuroblastoma and phaeochromocytoma, [(123)I]meta-iodobenzylguanidine ([(123)I]mIBG) is routinely used, whereas [(18)F]6-fluorodopamine ([(18)F]6-FDA) is sporadically applied for positron emission tomography in pheochromocytoma. Both substances are taken up by catecholamine transporters (CATs). In competition, some other cell types are able to take up catecholamines and related compounds probably by organic ...
Suazo Miriam - - 2009
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a transmembrane glycoprotein widely expressed in mammalian tissues and plays a central role in Alzheimer's disease. However, its physiological function remains elusive. Cu(2+) binding and reduction activities have been described in the extracellular APP135-156 region, which might be relevant for cellular copper uptake and homeostasis. ...
Morimura Shigeru - - 2009
Formation of lamellipodia is the first step during cell migration, and involves actin reassembly at the leading edge of migrating cells through the membrane transport of WAVE2. However, the factors that regulate WAVE2 transport to the cell periphery for initiating lamellipodia formation have not been elucidated. We report here that ...
García-García J D - - 2009
Photosynthetic Euglena gracilis grown with different K(2)CrO(4) concentrations was analyzed for its ability to take up, retain and reduce Cr(VI). For comparison, cells were also exposed to CrCl(3). Cellular Cr(VI) uptake at pH 7.2 showed a hyperbolic saturation pattern with K (m) of 1.1 mM, V (m) of 16 nmol ...
Morgan Jeanelle - - 2009
Amphiphysins are proteins thought to be involved in synaptic vesicle endocytosis. Amphiphysins share a common BAR domain, which can sense and/or bend membranes, and this function is believed to be essential for endocytosis. Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells lacking the amphiphysin ortholog Rvs161 are inviable when starved for glucose. Altering sphingolipid levels ...
Seki Satoru - - 2009
The accumulation mechanisms of amiodarone (AMD) involving transporters in lung alveolar epithelial type II cells were studied. The uptake of AMD was examined using human alveolar epithelial-derived cell line A549 as a model. AMD was transported by the carrier-mediated system, and the apparent K(m) and V(max) values were 66.8+/-30.3 muM ...
Barazesh Solmaz - - 2009
The sparse inflorescence1 (spi1), Barren inflorescence1 (Bif1), barren inflorescence2 (bif2), and barren stalk1 (ba1) mutants produce fewer branches and spikelets in the inflorescence due to defects in auxin biosynthesis, transport, or response. We report that spi1, bif1, and ba1, but not bif2, also function in promoting cell elongation in the ...
Sesma Juliana I - - 2009
Extracellular UDP-sugars promote cellular responses by interacting with widely distributed P2Y(14) receptors, but the mechanisms by which these molecules are released from cells are poorly understood. Given the active role of UDP-sugars in glycosylation reactions within the secretory pathway, we hypothesized that UDP-sugar release includes an exocytotic component. This hypothesis ...
Christensen Nynne Meyn - - 2009
The leaf trichome of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) represents a unique secretory structure in which the basal trichome cell is connected to the epidermis by numerous plasmodesmata (PD). Small fluorescent probes microinjected into the basal trichome cell moved apically into distal trichome cells but not into the subtending epidermal cell. In ...
Allen-Gipson Diane S DS Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep and Allergy Section, 985815 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5815, USA. - - 2009
Adenosine uptake into cells by nucleoside transporters plays a significant role in governing extracellular adenosine concentration. Extracellular adenosine is an important signaling molecule that modulates many cellular functions via 4 G-protein-coupled receptor subtypes (A(1), A(2A), A(2B), and A(3)). Previously, we demonstrated that adenosine is critical in maintaining airway homeostasis and ...
Mato Takashi - - 2009
As previously reported, the cerebral arterioles are surrounded by unique perivascular Mato cells. They contain many inclusion bodies rich in hydrolytic enzymes, and have strong uptake capacity. They are thus considered scavenger cells of vascular and neural tissues in steady-state. In this study, employing hypertensive SHR-SP (Izm) rats, the viability ...
Ibarra Kristie D - - 2009
Treatment for hepatitis C virus infection currently consists of pegylated interferon and ribavirin (RBV), a nucleoside analog. Although RBV clearly plays a role in aiding the treatment response, its antiviral mechanism is unclear. Regardless of the specific mechanism of RBV, we hypothesize that differences in levels of cellular uptake of ...
Villa-Bellosta Ricardo - - 2009
The role of inorganic phosphate in the pathogenesis of vascular calcification (VC) has been studied extensively in recent years. Phosphonoformic acid (PFA), an inhibitor of type II Pi transporters, has been traditionally used to study the involvement of Pi transport in VC, because PFA also prevents calcium deposition in vitro. ...
Chen Weiyang - - 2009
The effect of Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. (Aloe barbadensis Miller) gel and whole leaf extract on the permeability of Caco-2 cell monolayers was determined. Solutions of gel and the whole leaf extract were applied to the cell monolayers, and the transepithelial electrical resistance was monitored for 2 hours, which ...
Sá M G - - 2009
Gills are the first site of impact by metal ions in contaminated waters. Work on whole gill cells and metal uptake has not been reported before in crustaceans. In this study, gill filaments of the American lobster, Homarus americanus, were dissociated in physiological saline and separated into several cell types ...
Peacey Eleanor - - 2009
The L-glutamate transporter GLT-1 is an abundant central nervous system (CNS) membrane protein of the excitatory amino acid transporter (EAAT) family that controls extracellular L-glutamate levels and is important in limiting excitotoxic neuronal death. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, we have determined that four mRNAs encoding GLT-1 exist in mouse ...
Nicklin Paul P Respiratory Diseases Area, Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Novartis Horsham Research Centre, West Sussex, - - 2009
Amino acids are required for activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) kinase which regulates protein translation, cell growth, and autophagy. Cell surface transporters that allow amino acids to enter the cell and signal to mTOR are unknown. We show that cellular uptake of L-glutamine and its subsequent rapid ...
Brillault Julien - - 2009
Moxifloxacin (MXF) is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic that is effective against respiratory infections. However, the mechanisms of MXF lung diffusion are unknown. Active transport in other tissues has been suggested for several members of the fluoroquinolone family. In this study, transport of MXF was systematically investigated across a Calu-3 lung epithelial ...
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