Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2234
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Mandela Prashant - - 2010
Treatment of rats with reserpine, an inhibitor of the vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT), depletes norepinephrine (NE) and regulates NE transporter (NET) expression. The present study examined the molecular mechanisms involved in regulation of the NET by reserpine using cultured cells. Exposure of rat PC12 cells to reserpine for a period ...
Paproski Robert J - - 2010
The abundance of human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1) has recently been shown to be a predictive marker of benefit from gemcitabine therapy in patients with pancreatic cancer. Since hENT1 is also important for the uptake of positron emission tomography (PET) tracer 3'-deoxy-3'-fluorothymidine (FLT) in various cultured human cell lines, ...
Bertinato Jesse - - 2010
Silver is a non-essential, toxic metal. The use of silver as an antimicrobial agent in many applications and its presence as a contaminant in foods and air can lead to accumulation in tissues. Despite its widespread use, the systems involved in the uptake of silver into mammalian cells are presently ...
Faria Ana - - 2010
There is a growing interest in dietary therapeutic strategies to combat oxidative stress-induced damage to the Central Nervous System (CNS), which is associated with a number of pathophysiological processes, including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases and cerebrovascular diseases. Identifying the mechanisms associated with phenolic neuroprotection has been delayed by the lack ...
Kobayashi Masato - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Almost all D-glucose (GLU) filtered through the glomerulus is reabsorbed by the renal proximal tubules, whereas a high portion of 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose [(18F)FDG] is excreted through the urine. However, [18F]FDG is not entirely excreted in the urine suggesting that it may be partially reabsorbed by the proximal tubules. The purpose ...
Nakamura Toshimichi - - 2010
Ipratropium bromide, an anticholinergic drug used for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, has low oral bioavailability, but systemic exposure, superior to oral administration, can be achieved by inhalation. Therefore, we investigated the pulmonary absorption mechanism of ipratropium using human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells. [3H]Ipratropium uptake by ...
Cotton Leanne M - - 2010
Protection of cells from osmotic stress is crucial for their survival. Exposure to high osmolarity promotes rapid diffusion of water across cell membranes, dramatically increasing cellular ionic strength, leading to disruption of key proteins/DNA resulting in cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. The luminal microenvironment of the epididymis is hypertonic; therefore, epididymal ...
Pan Guoyu - - 2010
Stably transfected cell models are routinely used to examine drug-transporter interactions. In one such model of bcrp1-transfected MDCKII cells, we observed a significant enhancement of organic cation intracellular accumulation. Therefore, our goal was to further explore the expression and functional consequences of this cation transport system. Transport assays were carried ...
Jansen Sandra - - 2010
A study was conducted to understand the role of cell concentration and metabolic state in the transport and deposition behaviour of Pseudomonas fluorescens with and without substrate addition. Column experiments using the short-pulse technique (pulse was equivalent to 0.028 pore volume) were performed in quartz sand operating under saturated conditions. ...
Tunsophon Sakara - - 2010
We undertook studies to determine which isotype(s) of protein kinase C (PKC) is/are activated by ligand binding to the 1,25D(3)-MARRS receptor (ERp57/PDIA3) and subsequent stimulation of phosphate uptake. Isolated intestinal epithelial cells from vitamin D-replete chicks were exposed to 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) for 1, 3, or 5min, thoroughly chilled, homogenized, and P(2) ...
Murray-Taylor Faith M - - 2010
Omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids are emerging as bioactive agents protective against cardiovascular disease. However, their cellular delivery pathways are poorly defined. Here we questioned whether the uptake of n-3 triglyceride-rich particles (TGRP) is mediated by cell surface proteoglycans (PG) using LDL receptor (LDLR)+/+ and LDLR-/- cell models. LDLR+/+ but not ...
Muñoz-Cabello Ana M - - 2010
In this study, we explored the presence of aquaporins (AQPs), a family of membrane water channel proteins, in carotid body (CB) type I chemoreceptor cells. The CB is a polymodal chemoreceptor whose major function is to detect changes in arterial O2 tension to elicit hyperventilation during hypoxia. The CB has ...
Nutt J E - - 2010
The standard treatment of choice for malignant pleural mesothelioma is chemotherapy with pemetrexed and platinum, but the clinical outcome is poor. This study investigates the response to pemetrexed in a panel of eight mesothelioma cell lines and the clinical outcome for patients treated with pemetrexed in relation to folate receptor ...
Liu Jihua - - 2010
Endocytic uptake and subcellular trafficking of a large array of HPMA (N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide) based copolymers possessing positively or negatively charged residues, or hydrophobic groups were evaluated by flow cytometry and living cell confocal microscopy in cultured prostate cancer cells. The degrees of cellular uptake of various copolymer fractions with narrow polydispersities ...
Jin Miao - - 2010
The intestinal absorption of chondroitin sulfate (CS) and its hydrolysate, particularly the disaccharides (Di-CS), was investigated by using human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cell monolayers. Although the transepithelial transport of CS was not detectable, dose- and time-dependent transport of Di-CS was observed. The transport of Di-CS was proved to be energy-independent ...
Minematsu Tsuyoshi - - 2010
1-(2-Methoxyethyl)-2-methyl-4,9-dioxo-3-(pyrazin-2-ylmethyl)-4,9-dihydro-1H-naphtho[2,3-d]imidazolium bromide (YM155 monobromide) is a novel small-molecule survivin suppressant that induces the down-regulation of survivin and exhibits potent antitumor activity in nude mice bearing human hormone refractory prostate carcinoma cell line PC-3. Although YM155, which has a cationic moiety in its structure, is influxed into its pharmacologically effective site ...
Su C - - 2010
Cancers contain a 'side population' (SP), a subset of cells that is greatly enriched in stem cells and which contains malignant progenitors. SP cells are characterised by high efflux capability for Hoechst 33342 dye and for anti-cancer therapeutic agents through transporters; ABCG2 (ATP-binding cassette transporter G2) is currently most closely ...
Schulz Tobias - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Hyaluronan, a major water binding component of the extracellular matrix, is synthesised within the cytosol and exported across the plasma membrane by the ABC-transporter MRP5 in fibroblasts. Although its synthesis is vital for embryogenesis, MRP5-deficient mice are without phenotype, suggesting that another transporter had substituted for the MRP5 protein. ...
Kläs Juliane - - 2010
Two rodent choroid plexus (CP) epithelial cell lines, Z310 and TR-CSFB, were compared with primary rat CP epithelial cells and intact CP tissue with respect to transport protein expression, function and tight junction (TJ) formation. For expression profiles of transporters and TJ proteins, qPCR and western blot analysis were used. ...
Nakamura Toshimichi - - 2010
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) production is accelerated by glucocorticoid, such as dexamethasone (DEX), which enhances fetal lung maturation, promotes differentiation of alveolar type II (ATII) cells, and increases production of both lipid and protein components of lung surfactant. We previously demonstrated that inhibition of choline uptake by ATII cells leads to a ...
Narawa Tomoya - - 2010
Stereoselective transport of methotrexate (L-amethopterin, L-MTX) and its antipode (D-amethopterin, D-MTX) by the proton-coupled folate transporter (PCFT) was examined using PCFT-expressing HEK293 cells (PCFT-HEK293 cells). Uptake of both L-MTX and D-MTX was pH-dependent and decreased with an increase in the extracellular pH from 5.0 to 7.4. The initial uptake rate ...
Bhupanapadu Sunkesula Solomon Raju - - 2010
The spread of Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) in the deer and elk population has caused serious public health concerns due to its potential to infect farm animals and humans. Like other prion disorders such a sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob-disease of humans and Mad Cow Disease of cattle, CWD is caused by PrP-scrapie ...
Thakkar Nima V - - 2010
The apoptotic DNA levels in blood leukocytes of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and thyroid dysfunctionism were evaluated. Single-cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay) detects migration of DNA from individual cell nuclei following alkaline treatment. Comet assay pattern was studied in individuals with T2D, hypothyroid (HT), hyperthyroid (HeT), and patients ...
Lee Na-Young - - 2010
In the present study, we investigated the changes of uptake and efflux transport of taurine under various stress conditions using rat conditionally immortalized syncytiotrophoblast cell line (TR-TBT cells), as in vitro blood-placental barrier (BPB) model. The transport of taurine in TR-TBT cells were characterized by cellular uptake study using radiolabeled ...
Pickard Mark R - - 2010
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are important contrast agents used to monitor a range of neuropathological processes; microglial cells significantly contribute to MNP uptake in sites of pathology. Microglial activation occurs following most CNS pathologies but it is not known if such activation alters MNP uptake, intracellular processing and toxicity. We assessed ...
Xu Shunjiang - - 2010
Previously we demonstrated expression and localization of carnitine/organic cation transporters, OCTN1 and OCTN2, in human corneal and conjunctival epithelia. The present study aimed to examine the characteristics of L-carnitine transporters in cultured human limbal corneal (HCLE) and conjunctival epithelial (HCjE) cells. Time-course, Na(+)-dependence, kinetics, energy- and pH- dependence of L-carnitine ...
Aouida Mustapha - - 2010
Bleomycin is used in combination with other antineoplastic agents to effectively treat lymphomas, testicular carcinomas, and squamous cell carcinomas of the cervix, head, and neck. However, resistance to bleomycin remains a persistent limitation in exploiting the full therapeutic benefit of the drug with other types of cancers. Previously, we documented ...
Vellonen Kati-Sisko - - 2010
Monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) are transmembrane proteins capable of transferring lactate and other endogenous and exogenous monocarboxylates across the cell membrane. The aim of the present study was to assess the expression and transporter role of human MCT1, MCT3 and MCT4 in the corneal epithelium, corneal epithelial cell lines (primary HCEpiC ...
Srivastava Minu K - - 2010
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are present in most cancer patients and are potent inhibitors of T-cell-mediated antitumor immunity. Their inhibitory activity is attributed to production of arginase, reactive oxygen species, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and interleukin-10. Here we show that MDSCs also block T-cell activation by sequestering cystine and limiting ...
Cianchetta Stefano - - 2010
Perchlorate is an environmental contaminant that impairs thyroid function by interacting with the sodium iodide symporter (NIS), the transporter responsible for iodide uptake in the thyroid gland. Perchlorate is well known as a competitive inhibitor of iodide transport by NIS, and recent evidence demonstrates that NIS can also transport perchlorate. ...
Slomiany Mark G - - 2009
PURPOSE: CD44 is one of the most common markers used for identification of highly tumorigenic subpopulations of human carcinoma cells, but little is known about the function of CD44 or its major ligand, hyaluronan, in these cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the involvement of hyaluronan and ...
Vercauteren Dries - - 2010
Nonviral gene complexes can enter mammalian cells through different endocytic pathways. For efficient optimization of the gene carrier it is important to profile its cellular uptake, because this largely determines its intracellular processing and subsequent transfection efficiency. Most of the current information on uptake of these gene-delivery vehicles is based ...
Harris H W - - 2010
We report a previously undescribed bacterial behavior termed electrokinesis. This behavior was initially observed as a dramatic increase in cell swimming speed during reduction of solid MnO(2) particles by the dissimilatory metal-reducing bacterium Shewanella oneidensis MR-1. The same behavioral response was observed when cells were exposed to small positive applied ...
Takao Koichi - - 2010
Polyamine uptake by the polyamine transport system (PTS) in HTC cells was studied without the use of radioisotope-labeled polyamines. N(1)-Dansylspermine (DNS343) was selected as a candidate probe to examine the PTS. DNS343 was incorporated into HTC cells, and its distribution in the cells was confirmed by fluorescence microscopy. The incorporation ...
Fischer Wiebke - - 2010
This study was performed to characterize the intestinal transport of beta-phenylethylamine (PEA). Uptake of [(14)C]PEA into Caco-2 cells was Na(+)-independent but strongly stimulated by an outside directed H(+) gradient. At extracellular pH 7.5, the concentration-dependent uptake of PEA was saturable with kinetic parameters of 2.6mM (K(t)) and 96.2nmol/min per mg ...
Salmaso Stefano - - 2009
6-Ascorbate-PEG-1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (6-ascorbate-PEG-PE) was synthesized according to a two-step procedure: (1) activation of ascorbic acid with bromine, and (2) synthesis of 6-ascorbate-PEG-PE by reacting 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[amino (poly(ethylene glycol))-2000] with an excess of 6-Br-ascorbic acid. The 6-ascorbate-PEG-PE was recovered by precipitation in diethyl ether and purified by gel permeation chromatography. The analysis of ...
Sobolev A S - - 2009
This review deals with artificial modular nanotransporters (MNT) of polypeptide nature for drug delivery into target cells and then into a specified cell compartment like the nucleus. The developed approach is based on the use of intracellular transport processes characteristic of practically all cells, including cancer cells. The first MNT ...
Ge Dongtao - - 2009
Molecular umbrella provided a promising avenue for the design of the intracellular delivery of hydrophilic therapeutic agents. However, the limited understanding of its cellular uptake would be a roadblock to its effective application. Herein, we investigate the ability and mechanism of cellular entry of a fluorescently labeled diwalled molecular umbrella, ...
Lee K - - 2009
The transport and metabolism of the antitumour drug candidate 2'-benzoyloxycinnamaldehyde (BCA) was characterized in Caco-2 cells. BCA disappeared rapidly from the donor side without being transported to the receiver side during its absorptive transport across Caco-2 cells. Its metabolites 2'-hydroxycinnamaldehyde (HCA) and o-coumaric acid (OCA) were formed in both the ...
Lam Wing Ki - - 2010
The objectives of this study were to determine mRNA expression of monocarboxylate transporters (MCT) and to evaluate intestinal transport of the MCT substrates gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) and d-lactate in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. The presence of mRNA for MCT1, 2, 3, and 4 was observed in Caco-2 cells. The uptake of ...
Feinshtein Valeria - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of BCRP in nitrofurantoin (NF) transport in JAr cells and the possible contribution of OATP2B1, P-gp and MRPs to this transport. METHODS: Cells were incubated with various BCRP, P-gp, MRPs, organic anion transporting polypeptide (OAT) and OATP2B1 inhibitors for 15 min, followed by incubation for ...
Wilmer Martijn J MJ Laboratory of Pediatrics and Neurology (656), Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center, P.O. 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2010
Reabsorption of filtered solutes from the glomerular filtrate and excretion of waste products and xenobiotics are the main functions of the renal proximal tubular (PT) epithelium. A human PT cell line expressing a range of functional transporters would help to augment current knowledge in renal physiology and pharmacology. We have ...
Kopic Sascha - - 2010
The parietal cell is responsible for secreting concentrated hydrochloric acid into the gastric lumen. To fulfill this task, it is equipped with a broad variety of functionally coupled apical and basolateral ion transport proteins. The concerted scientific effort over the last years by a variety of researchers has provided us ...
Fukumori Shiro - - 2009
It was reported previously that specific levofloxacin uptake in Caco-2 cells was inhibited by nicotine, enalapril, L-carnitine and fexofenadine. The aim of the present study was to characterize the cellular uptake of levofloxacin using another human intestinal cell line, LS180. Levofloxacin uptake in LS180 cells was temperature-dependent and optimal at ...
de Souza Jacqueline - - 2009
Bidirectional transport studies were conducted using Caco-2, MDCK, and MDCK-MDR1 to determine P-gp influences in lamivudine and zidovudine permeability and evaluate if zidovudine permeability changes with the increase of zidovudine concentration and/or by association of lamivudine. Transport of lamivudine and zidovudine separated and coadministrated across monolayers based on these cells ...
Faria Ana - - 2009
Anthocyanins bioavailability is a major issue regarding their biological effects and remains unclear due to few data available on this matter. This work aimed to evaluate the absorption of anthocyanins at the intestine using Caco-2 cells. Anthocyanin extract, rich in malvidin-3-glucoside, was obtained from red grape skins and tested on ...
Faria Ana - - 2009
Organic cations (OCs) are substances of endogenous (e.g. dopamine, choline) or exogenous (e.g. drugs like cimetidine) origin that are positively charged at physiological pH. Since many of these compounds can not pass the cell membrane freely, their transport in our out of cells must be mediated by specific transport systems. ...
Sato Koya - - 2009
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to characterize the internalization mechanism of human IgG into the epithelial cells of human small intestine, employing human intestinal epithelial cell line Caco-2 as an in vitro model system. MAIN METHODS: Real-time PCR analysis and uptake studies of fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled IgG (FITC-IgG) from ...
Coppi G - - 2010
Alginate/chitosan microparticles with a mean size less than 1 microm, designed in a previous work for the targeting of polymyxin B to M-cells and, then, to the lymphatic system, were assayed for transport ability by enterocytes. Caco-2 cell monolayer model, combined with confocal microscopy, showed that microparticles were endocytosed by ...
Lwin Sein - - 2009
We have previously reported the early uptake and transport of foreign particles into Peyer's patches (PPs) of newborn and 2-month-old calves and shown that the peak uptake of particles occurs 6 h after inoculation, in addition to site- and size-related effects on particle uptake. We now report the distribution of ...
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