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Results 201 - 250 of 2283
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Kato Ayako - - 2012
Cell-sized water-in-oil droplet covered by a lipid layer was used to understand how lipid membranes affect biochemical systems in living cells. Here, we report a remarkable acceleration of gene expression in a cell-sized water-in-oil droplet entrapping a cell-free translation system to synthesize GFP (green fluorescent protein). The production rate of ...
Murtola Teemu J - - 2012
Cholesterol-lowering treatment has been suggested to delay progression of prostate cancer by decreasing serum LDL. We studied in vitro the effect of extracellular LDL-cholesterol on the number of prostate epithelial cells and on the expression of key regulators of cholesterol metabolism. Two normal prostatic epithelial cell lines (P96E, P97E), two ...
Cheng Henry - - 2012
In embryogenesis, structural patterns, such as vascular branching, may form via a reaction-diffusion mechanism in which activator and inhibitor morphogens guide cells into periodic aggregates. We previously found that vascular mesenchymal cells (VMCs) spontaneously aggregate into nodular structures and that morphogen pairs regulate the aggregation into patterns of spots and ...
Bacová Z - - 2012
Glucose and cell swelling induce insulin secretion by alternative signaling pathways. Swelling-induced secretion is in most systems independent of calcium and various mediators of glucose stimulation. Comparison of two insulinoma tumor cell lines revealed surprising difference; INS-1E cells in contrast to INS-1 cells and isolated rat pancreatic islets do not ...
He Zhenhua - - 2012
Recent studies have indicated that autophagy may be one of the important pathways induced by ionizing radiation. Atorvastatin (statin), an inhibitor of 3-hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, may exhibit anticancer effects as an autophagy inducer. In our study, the cell killing and radiosensitizing effects of statin were analyzed in PC3 ...
Boubaker Jihed - - 2012
In this report, the isorhamnetin 3-o-robinobioside and its original extract, the ethyl acetate extract, from Nitraria retusa leaves, were evaluated for their ability to induce antioxidant and antigenotoxic effects in human chronic myelogenous leukemia cell line. Nitraria retusa products properties were carried out by firstly evaluating their effects against lipid ...
Prins Kathleen C - - 2012
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection occurs most efficiently via cell to cell transmission(2,10,11). This cell to cell transfer between CD4(+) T cells involves the formation of a virological synapse (VS), which is an F-actin-dependent cell-cell junction formed upon the engagement of HIV-1 envelope gp120 on the infected cell ...
Hijona Elizabeth - - 2012
Statins may have therapeutic effects on hepatocarcinoma (HCC). This type of disorder is the most common malignant primary tumour in the liver. Our objective was to determine whether pravastatin had a therapeutic effect in vitro and in vivo models. We design in vitro and in vivo model. In vitro we ...
Langelueddecke Christian - - 2012
Background/Aims: The function of β-cells is regulated by nutrient uptake and metabolism. The cells' metabolic state can be expressed as concentration ratios of AMP, ADP and ATP. Relative changes in these ratios regulate insulin release. An increase in the intracellular ATP concentration causes closure of K(ATP) channels and cell membrane ...
Abalsamo Laura - - 2012
Acquisition of mesenchymal characteristics confers to breast cancer (BC) cells the capability of invading tissues different from primary tumor site, allowing cell migration and metastasis. Regulators of the mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) may represent targets for anticancer agents. Accruing evidence supports functional implications of choline phospholipid metabolism in oncogene-activated cell signaling ...
Zimmermann Joshua A - - 2011
Shape and fate are intrinsic manifestations of form and function at the cell scale. Here we hypothesize that seeding density and protocol affect the form and function of live embryonic murine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and their nuclei. First, the imperative for study of live cells was demonstrated in studies ...
Slavov Nikolai - - 2011
Despite rapid progress in characterizing the yeast metabolic cycle, its connection to the cell division cycle (CDC) has remained unclear. We discovered that a prototrophic batch culture of budding yeast, growing in a phosphate-limited ethanol medium, synchronizes spontaneously and goes through multiple metabolic cycles, whereas the fraction of cells in ...
Stovbun S V - - 2011
The processes of cell-cell commutations via anisometric supramolecular structures (strings) in vitro and in physicochemical models of lipids (trifluoroacetylated amino alcohols) were studied. It was shown that biological commutation through strings is more efficient than the diffusion mechanism of transfer of bioactive molecules at distances typical of populations. Strings kinetics ...
Namavari Mohammad - - 2011
9-(β-D: -Arabinofuranosyl)guanine (AraG) is a guanosine analog that has a proven efficacy in the treatment of T-cell lymphoblastic disease. To test the possibility of using a radiofluorinated AraG as an imaging agent, we have synthesized 2'-deoxy-2'-[(18)F]fluoro-9-β-D: -arabinofuranosylguanine ([(18)F]F-AraG) and investigated its uptake in T cells. We have synthesized [(18)F]F-AraG via ...
Lushnikova E L - - 2011
We studied the ultrastructural reorganization of hepatocytes and other populations of liver cells after cyclophosphamide treatment. Single administration of cyclophosphamide was followed by significant ultrastructural changes in two major populations of liver cells (hepatocytes and sinusoidal endothelial cells). This treatment was also accompanied by reactive changes in Kupffer cells, lymphocytes, ...
Nora Dickson Mary - - 2011
Ability to perform cytogenetic interrogations on circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from the blood of cancer patients is vital for progressing toward targeted, individualized treatments. CTCs are rare compared to normal (bystander) blood cells, found in ratios as low as 1:10(9). The most successful isolation techniques have been immunocytochemical technologies that ...
Chumnanpuen Pramote - - 2011
There is increasing interest in bioengineering of lipids for use in functional foods, pharmaceuticals, and biofuels. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a widely utilized cell factory for biotechnological production, thus a tempting alternative. Herein, we show how its neutral lipid accumulation varies throughout metabolic phases under nutritional conditions relevant for large-scale fermentation. ...
Sati Sushil Chandra - - 2011
The genus Alnus has been reviewed for its chemical constituents and biological activities including traditional importance of some common species. The plants of this genus contain terpenoids, flavonoids, diarylheptanoids, phenols, steroids, and tannins. Diarylheptanoids are the dominant constituents within the genus Alnus, few of them exhibited antioxidant effects and inhibitory ...
König J - - 2011
The organic cation transporters 1 (OCT1) and 2 (OCT2) mediate drug uptake into hepatocytes and renal proximal tubular cells, respectively. Multidrug and toxin extrusion protein 1 (MATE1) is a major component of subsequent export into bile and urine. However, the functional interaction of OCTs and MATE1 for uptake and transcellular ...
Wang Weihua - - 2011
Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is a relatively uncommon malignant epithelial cancer seen worldwide. The treatment of NPC has evolved toward combined modality treatment with radiation therapy and chemotherapy. However, chemotherapeutic agents currently have a secondary role, due to their lack of efficacy as curative agents. Recent identification of a novel property ...
Tsolmon Soninkhishig - - 2011
Scope: Induction of cancer-cell differentiation is an alternative approach for cancer chemotherapy. There are numerous studies that diets containing an abundance of fruits and vegetables have protection against cancers, and the main agents thought to provide such protective effect are flavonoids. In this study we used apigetrin as a possible ...
Oehlke Oliver - - 2011
Redistribution of acid-base transporters is a crucial regulatory mechanism for many types of cells to cope with extracellular pH changes. In epithelial cells, however, translocation of acid-base transporters ultimately leads to changes in vectorial transport of H+ and HCO3-. We have previously shown that the bicarbonate-secreting epithelium of salivary ducts ...
Zhou Zhixiang - - 2011
Hypocrellin B (HB) was encapsulated into a phosphatidylcholine liposome. Encapsulation of HB into liposomes not only improved the delivery of this photosensitizer but also increased its photodynamic efficacy compared to free HB molecules. Liposomal HB showed a higher cellular uptake than free HB as measured by confocal microscopy and was ...
Manku Gurpreet - - 2011
Translocator protein (TSPO) is a high affinity 18 kDa drug- and cholesterol-binding protein strongly expressed in steroidogenic tissues where it mediates cholesterol transport into mitochondria and steroid formation. Testosterone formation by Leydig cells in the testis is critical for the regulation of spermatogenesis and male fertility. Male germ cell development ...
Lindahl Paul A PA Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-3255, USA. - - 2011
In living systems, iron is found in many different structures, including Fe/S clusters, hemes and nonheme centers, and magnetically interacting aggregates. Understanding Fe metabolism and trafficking will require biophysical spectroscopic tools that can evaluate the types of Fe centers within entire cells and isolated organelles. Mössbauer spectroscopy will play an ...
Frederick Mallory R - - 2011
Biofilms are microbial communities encased in a layer of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). The EPS matrix provides several functional purposes for the biofilm, such as protecting bacteria from environmental stresses, and providing mechanical stability. Quorum sensing is a cell-cell communication mechanism used by several bacterial taxa to coordinate gene expression ...
Rothbard Jonathan B - - 2011
A major challenge confronting the further advancement of using molecular transporters conjugated to small molecular weight therapeutics in the clinic is the development of linkers that would allow for the controllable release of a free drug/probe only after cell entry. Development of assays that would allow for the rapid real-time ...
Tabuchi Hisahiro - - 2010
Transporters mediate the uptake of nutrients such as amino acids and the excretion of metabolites. The fact that transporters play crucial roles in regulating cell metabolism suggests that they might be useful targets for cell engineering to enhance the yield and/or quality of monoclonal antibody (MAb) produced by CHO cells. ...
Ciarimboli Giuliano - - 2011
Anticancer treatment with ifosfamide but not with its structural isomer cyclophosphamide is associated with development of renal Fanconi syndrome leading to diminished growth in children and bone problems in adults. Since both cytotoxics share the same principal metabolites, we investigated whether a specific renal uptake of ifosfamide is the basis ...
Li Lei - - 2010
Objective To study the regulatorymechanism of SATB1 repression in cells other than T cells or erythroid cells,which have high expression level of SATB1. MethodsHeLa epithelial cells were treated with either hist one deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) trichostatin A (TSA) or DNAmethylation inhibitor 5-Aza-C before detecting SATB1 expression. Luciferase reporter system was ...
Lei Li - - 2010
Objective To study the regulatory mechanism of SATB1 repression in cells other than T cells or erythroid cells, which have high expression level of SATB1. Methods HeLa epithelial cells were treated with either histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) trichostatin A (TSA) or DNA methylation inhibitor 5-Aza-C before detecting SATB1 expression. Luciferase ...
Dhar Sheetal - - 2011
Currently gold nanoparticles are being explored for drug delivery and other biomedical applications; therefore it is necessary to study the fate of such nanoparticles inside the body. The objective of the present study was to investigate the cellular uptake and toxicity of the gold nanoparticles synthesized using a microbial polysaccharide, ...
Mendiburo M J - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Heme iron is found in the diet mainly in the form of hemoglobin and myoglobin. It is known that heme iron (heme-Fe) and inorganic iron are absorbed differently. Intracellularly, heme oxygenase-1 (HO1) participates in the cleavage of the heme ring producing biliverdin, CO and ferrous iron. Iron released from ...
Larson Steven B - - 2010
Human methemoglobin was crystallized in a unique unit cell and its structure was solved by molecular replacement. The hexagonal unit cell has unit-cell parameters a = b = 54.6, c = 677.4 Å, with symmetry consistent with space group P6₁22. The unit cell has the second highest aspect ratio of ...
Leitenmaier Barbara - - 2011
Hyperaccumulators store accumulated metals in the vacuoles of large leaf epidermal cells (storage cells). For investigating cadmium uptake, we incubated protoplasts obtained from leaves of Thlaspi caerulescens (Ganges ecotype) with a Cd-specific fluorescent dye. A fluorescence kinetic microscope was used for selectively measuring Cd-uptake and photosynthesis in different cell types, ...
Dix Andrew V AV Department of Chemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, - - 2010
Oligoarginine and guanidinium-rich molecular transporters have been shown to facilitate the intracellular delivery of a diverse range of biologically relevant cargos. Several such transporters have been suggested to interact with cell-surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans as part of their cell-entry pathway. Unlike for other guanidinium-rich transporters, the cellular uptake of guanidinoglycosides ...
Nishimura T - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to clarify the cytoprotective mechanism(s) induced in a conditionally immortalized syncytiotrophoblast cell line (TR-TBT 18d-1) exposed to hypertonic conditions. Hypertonicity-induced apoptosis of TR-TBT 18d-1 cells, but this was blocked by addition of 1 mM taurine to the culture medium. TauT-knockdown using siRNA revealed that ...
Parihar Arpana - - 2011
Our previous studies in hamster cheek pouch model have shown that chlorin p (6) (Cp (6)), a chlorophyll derivative is a suitable photosensitizer for photodynamic treatment (PDT) of small tumors (<5 mm). However, for bigger tumors, the accumulation of Cp (6) was inadequate, which compromised the effectiveness of PDT. The purpose ...
Dusotoit-Coucaud Anaïs - - 2010
Hevea brasiliensis is an important industrial crop for natural rubber production. Latex biosynthesis occurs in the cytoplasm of highly specialized latex cells and requires sucrose as the unique precursor. Ethylene stimulation of latex production results in high sugar flow from the surrounding cells of inner bark towards the latex cells. ...
Okubo-Kurihara Emiko - - 2011
Sucrose plays an important role in several cellular processes since it is a general source of metabolic energy, serves as a precursor for starch and cellulose synthesis, and is a metabolic starting point for carboxylate- and amino acid synthesis. While plant vacuole is the main cellular storage pool, where sucrose ...
Iskandar Irma I Division of Periodontology, College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University Health Sciences Center, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2011
Clarithromycin inhibits several periodontal pathogens and is concentrated inside gingival fibroblasts and epithelial cells by an active transporter. We hypothesized that polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and less mature myeloid cells possess a similar transporter for clarithromycin. It is feasible that clarithromycin accumulation inside PMNs could enhance their ability to kill Aggregatibacter ...
Dejong Nicolaas - - 2010
Molecular ultrasound imaging uses targeted contrast agents consisting of microbubbles. Drug uptake using microbubbles can be induced by sonoporation, a method that induces transient cell membrane pores by oscillating or jetting microbubbles so that therapeutics can enter the cell. This study focuses on inducing sonoporation with CD31-targeted microbubbles in endothelial ...
Zimmermann Mathias - - 2010
Aim of this study was to examine the dipeptide transport of β-Ala-Lys-N(ɛ)-AMCA in the human glioma cell line U373-MG and its potential regulation by diverse hormones and culture media. A mixed glial primary cell culture of the newborn rat served as reference cell system. β-Ala-Lys-N(ɛ)-AMCA (β-Ala-Lys-N(ɛ)-7-amino-4-methyl-coumarin-3-acetic acid) is a highly ...
Reyes-Reyes E Merit - - 2010
AS1411 is a first-in-class anticancer agent, currently in phase II clinical trials. It is a quadruplex-forming oligodeoxynucleotide that binds to nucleolin as an aptamer, but its mechanism of action is not completely understood. Mechanistic insights could lead to clinically useful markers for AS1411 response and to novel targeted therapies. Previously, ...
Kuang Yu Y Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, - - 2010
Altered choline (Cho) metabolism in cancerous cells can be used as a basis for molecular imaging with PET using radiolabeled Cho. In this study, the metabolism of tracer Cho was investigated in a woodchuck hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell line (WCH17) and in freshly derived rat hepatocytes. The transporter responsible for ...
Barz Matthias - - 2010
In this article we report the synthesis and in vitro evaluation of well-defined, folate functionalized and fluorescently labeled polymers based on the clinically approved N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-methacrylamide (HPMA). The polymers were prepared applying the RAFT polymerization method as well as the reactive ester approach. The molecular weights of the polymers synthesized were ...
McCurdy David W - - 2010
Hexoses accumulate to high concentrations (∼ 200 mM) in storage parenchyma cells of tomato fruit. Hexoses are sourced from the fruit apoplasm as hydrolysis products of phloem-imported sucrose. Three hexose transporters (LeHT1, LeHT2, LeHT3), expressed in fruit storage parenchyma cells, may contribute to hexose uptake by these cells. An analysis ...
Wang Jun J Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, - - 2010
Transport of protein and RNA cargoes between the nucleus and cytoplasm (nucleocytoplasmic transport) is vital for a variety of cellular functions. The studies of kinetics involved in such processes have been hindered by the lack of quantitative tools for measurement of the nuclear and cytosolic fractions of an intracellular protein ...
Wang Chunxia - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to investigate the potentiation of the anticancer activity and enhanced cellular retention of paclitaxel-loaded PLGA nanoparticles after surface conjugation with wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) against colon cancer cells. Glycosylation patterns of representative colon cancer cells confirmed the higher expression levels of WGA-binding glycoproteins in ...
Lyu Su-Yun - - 2010
A galactose- and N-acetyl-D-galactosamine-specific lectin (Viscum album L. var. coloratum agglutinin, VCA), which is known for its anti-tumor activity, was isolated from Korean mistletoe. Mistletoe preparations have been given subcutaneously because of the unstability and poor absorption in the GI tract. In this study, we investigated the effect of incubation ...
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