Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2282
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Vickers Kasey C - - 2012
Extracellular microRNAs (miRNAs) are uniquely stable in plasma, and the levels of specific circulating miRNAs can differ with disease. Extracellular miRNAs are associated with lipid-based carriers and lipid-free proteins. miRNAs can be transferred from cell-to-cell by lipid-based carriers and affect gene expression. This review summarizes recent studies that demonstrate the ...
Jungsuwadee Paiboon P Graduate Center for Toxicology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2012
Doxorubicin-induced acute cardiotoxicity is associated with the Gly671Val (G671V; rs45511401) variant of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1). Doxorubicin redox cycling causes lipid peroxidation and generation of the reactive electrophile, 4-hydroxy-2-trans-nonenal (HNE). Glutathione forms conjugates with HNE, yielding an MRP1 substrate, GS-HNE, whose intracellular accumulation can cause toxicity. We established stable ...
Koczor Christopher A - - 2012
The roles and actions of the tumor suppressor protein p53 have been extensively studied with regard to nuclear events, including transcription and DNA damage repair. However, the direct roles of p53 in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication and function are less well understood. Studies herein used a mitochondrial-targeted p53 (MTS-p53) to ...
Vigeolas Hélène - - 2012
This paper describes the isolation and partial biomass characterization of high triacylglycerol (TAG) mutants of Chlorella sorokiniana and Scenedesmus obliquus, two algal species considered as potential source of biodiesel. Following UV mutagenesis, 2000 Chlorella and 2800 Scenedesmus colonies were screened with a method based on Nile Red fluorescence. Several mutants ...
Zhang Huifa - - 2012
A microfluidic device for performing single copy, emulsion Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) within agarose droplets is presented. A two-aqueous-inlet emulsion droplet generator was designed and fabricated to produce highly uniform monodisperse picoliter agarose emulsion droplets with RT-PCR reagents in carrier oil. Template RNA or cells were delivered from ...
Wen Pengcheng - - 2012
The objective of this research was to investigate the influence of glucose on bovine lactoferrin's (LF) conformation, thermodynamic stability and osteoblastic cell proliferation. The conformation and thermodynamic stability of LF was detected by spectroscopic and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The osteoblastic cell proliferation of LF at physiological concentrations (100 μg/ml) was ...
Gammelsrud A - - 2012
The mycotoxin enniatin B (EnnB) is predominantly produced by species of the Fusarium genera, and often found in grain. The cytotoxic effect of EnnB has been suggested to be related to its ability to form ionophores in cell membranes. The present study examines the effects of EnnB on cell death, ...
Sul Jai-Yoon JY Department of Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, John Morgan Building, Room 37, 36th and Hamilton Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2012
Recent advances in cell reprogramming have permitted the development of different stem cell lines and specific differentiated cell types using distinct technologies. Cell reprogramming is largely mediated by DNA and RNA. In this review, we explore the RNA-mediated cell reprogramming to induce specific target cell generation including stem cells, brain ...
Lelong Aurélie - - 2012
Microalgae have differing sensitivities to copper toxicity. Some species within the genus Pseudo-nitzschia produce domoic acid (DA), a phycotoxin that has been hypothesised to chelate Cu and ameliorate Cu toxicity to the cells. To better characterise the effect of Cu on Pseudo-nitzschia, a toxic strain of P. multiseries and a ...
Du Hailei - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy found in the liver. Autophagy is the intracellular bulk degradation process for long-lived proteins and dysfunctional organelles. In this study, we report that autophagy plays a role in HCC cell proliferation in response to ischemia-hypoxia (I/H) and reperfusion and discuss its ...
Mokhtarieh Amir Abbas - - 2012
The discovery of siRNA has been an important step in gene therapy, but the problem of delivering siRNA to a target organ limits its use as a therapeutic drug. Liposomes can be used as a nonviral vector to deliver siRNA to target cells. In this study we developed a novel ...
Martins S - - 2012
The aim of this work was to develop a systematic analysis of the cellular internalisation mechanism and pathway of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) internalisation. To evaluate if SLN show cell uptake and to understand the mechanism of internalisation, four human glioma cell lines (A172, U251, U373 and U87) and a ...
Ghita Adrian - - 2012
Raman microspectroscopy (rms) was used to identify, image, and quantify potential molecular markers for label-free monitoring the differentiation status of live neural stem cells (NSCs) in vitro. Label-free noninvasive techniques for characterization of NCSs in vitro are needed as they can be developed for real-time monitoring of live cells. Principal ...
Cunyat Francesc - - 2012
HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env) is a major determinant of viral pathogenicity. The evaluation of the biological properties of patient-derived envelopes by comparing two effector cell lines (293T and HeLa) is reported. A standard cell-to-cell fusion assay was used to evaluate fusogenicity, whereas a coculture with CD4(+) cells was used to ...
Tuncbilek Meral - - 2012
Novel purine ribonucleoside analogs (9-13) containing a 4-substituted piperazine in the substituent at N6 were synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxicity on Huh7, HepG2, FOCUS, Mahlavu liver, MCF7 breast and HCT116 colon carcinoma cell lines. The purine nucleoside analogs were analyzed initially by an anticancer drug-screening method based on a ...
Ning Shoucheng - - 2012
Radiation-induced dermatitis is a debilitating clinical problem in cancer patients undergoing cancer radiation therapy. It is also a possible outcome of exposure to high levels of radiation due to accident or hostile activity. We report that activation of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) enzymatic activity using the allosteric agonist, Alda-1, significantly ...
Subramaniam Nanthakumar N Storr Liver Unit, Westmead Millennium Institute and Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Westmead, New South Wales, - - 2012
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates lipid, cholesterol, and glucose metabolism in specialized metabolic tissues, such as muscle, liver, and adipose tissue. Agents that activate AMPK, such as metformin and 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-4-ribofuranoside (AICAR), have beneficial effects on liver glucose and lipid metabolism. In addition, AMPK activation in proliferating hepatic stellate cells (HSC) ...
Mirbahai Ladan L School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK. - - 2012
Biomarkers of early response to treatment have the potential to improve cancer therapy by allowing treatment to be tailored to the individual. Alterations in lipids detected by in vivo MRS have been suggested as noninvasive biomarkers of cell stress and early indicators of cell death. An improved understanding of the ...
Zhang Fan F Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, California 92521-0403, - - 2012
5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR), a nucleoside analog that can inhibit DNA cytosine methylation, possesses potent antitumorigenic activities for myeloid disorders. Although 5-Aza-CdR is known to be incorporated into DNA and inhibit DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferases, the precise mechanisms underlying the drug's antineoplastic activity remain unclear. Here we utilized a mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomic method ...
Byskov Kristina - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporter, PiT1 (SLC20A1), is ubiquitously expressed in mammalian cells. It has previously been shown that down-regulation of PiT1 severely impaired the proliferation of two transformed human cells lines, HepG2 and HeLa, and the tumorigenicity of HeLa cells in nude mice. Moreover, PiT1 knock-out mice ...
Cortes V Llorente - - 2012
Human hepatic stellate cells (HHSCs) proliferation and migration play a key role in the pathogenesis of liver inflammation and fibrogenesis. Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP1) is an endocytic receptor involved in intracellular signal transduction. The aim of this work was to analyze the role of low density lipoprotein receptor-related ...
Florian Paula - - 2012
Different cell types have been reported to internalize lactoferrin (Lf) by specific or nonspecific receptors. Our studies focused on the endocytic pathway of human Lf in macrophage-like THP-1 cells. Lactoferrin was found to be internalized by THP-1 cells differentiated with phorbol myristate acetate. Incubation of cells with chlorpromazine and dansylcadaverine, ...
Spassieva Stefka D - - 2012
We applied a metabolic approach to investigate the role of sphingolipids in cell density-induced growth arrest in neuroblastoma cells. Our data revealed that sphingolipid metabolism in neuroblastoma cells significantly differs depending on the cells' population context. At high cell density, cells exhibited G0/G1 cell-cycle arrest and reduced ceramide, monohexosylceramide, and ...
Elseberg Christiane L - - 2012
For cell therapy, a high biomass of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) is required for clinical applications, such as in the form of encapsulated implants. An easy and reproducible microcarrier-based stirred tank reactor cultivation process for hMSCs in 1.68 L scale is described. To avoid medium changes, studies comparing high-glucose ...
Zhang Su-Juan - - 2012
The soyabean isoflavones genistein (GEN) and daidzein (DA) are popular presented in diet. Isoflavones have a variety of biological activities including antioxidant and anticancer properties. On account of its antioxidant activity, isoflavones might protect cancer cells from free radical damage in photodynamic (PDT) during which reactive oxygen species (ROS) production ...
Nagai Yoshinori - - 2012
Marginal zone (MZ) B cells mount rapid T-cell-independent (T-I) immune responses against microbial components such as LPS. While Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is essential for LPS responses, MZ B cells uniquely express high levels of another LPS sensor Radioprotective 105 (RP105). However, little is known about how RP105 is used ...
Gherghiceanu Mihaela - - 2012
Telocytes (TCs) form a cardiac network of interstitial cells. Our previous studies have shown that TCs are involved in heterocellular contacts with cardiomyocytes and cardiac stem/progenitor cells. In addition, TCs frequently establish 'stromal synapses' with several types of immunoreactive cells in various organs ( www.telocytes.com ). Using electron microscopy (EM) ...
Kamalden T A - - 2012
The aim of the present studies was to characterise cell death following inhibition of mitochondrial complex I with rotenone in a transformed cell line (RGC-5 cells) and to examine the neuroprotective properties of the flavonoids genistein, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), epicatechin (EC) and baicalin. Rotenone-induced cell death of RGC-5 cells results ...
Murphy Lynea A - - 2012
Propiconazole is a mouse hepatotumorigenic fungicide designed to inhibit CYP51, a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of ergosterol in fungi and is widely used in agriculture to prevent fungal growth. Metabolomic studies in mice revealed that propiconazole increased levels of hepatic cholesterol metabolites and bile acids, and transcriptomic studies revealed ...
Rockett Benjamin Drew - - 2012
Fish oil (FO) targets lipid microdomain organization to suppress T-cell and macrophage function; however, little is known about this relationship with B cells, especially at the animal level. We previously established that a high FO dose diminished mouse B-cell lipid raft microdomain clustering induced by cross-linking GM1. To establish relevance, ...
Kruit Janine K - - 2012
Cellular cholesterol homeostasis is important for normal β-cell function. Disruption of cholesterol transport by decreased function of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter ABCA1 results in impaired insulin secretion. Mice lacking β-cell ABCA1 have increased islet expression of ABCG1, another cholesterol transporter implicated in β-cell function. To determine whether ABCA1 and ...
Lee Chang Hyun - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of electroacupuncture at Zusanli on the immunohistochemical density of enteroendocrine cells related to gastrointestinal function. The authors investigated the histochemical changes of mucous substances and immunohistochemical density of gastrin, serotonin, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), insulin, and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) secreting ...
Long Allan P - - 2012
Cells sequester neutral lipids in bodies called lipid droplets. Thus, the formation and breakdown of the droplets are important for cellular metabolism; unfortunately, these processes are difficult to quantify. Here, we used time-lapse confocal microscopy to track the formation, movement, and size changes of lipid droplets throughout the cell cycle ...
Shibata Hirofumi - - 2012
Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes both invasive (bacteremic) and chronic noninvasive infections. An increase in intestinal epithelial permeability is a characteristic of severe sepsis. Alterations in the normal barrier function of the gut mucosa may result in the translocation of microbial cells and products. On the otherhand, it has been demonstrated that ...
Rosa Elis A - - 2012
Murine myeloma cell lines play an important role in different areas of scientific research and are essential tools for monoclonal antibody production technology. Thus, it is important to understand the biology of these cell lines in order to provide useful information to various research fronts. The present study aims to ...
Ghosh Rita - - 2012
UV light leads to release of different secretory factors from irradiated cells of which, some of them have been characterized. We have reported earlier that cells exposed to the supernatant medium from irradiated cells were resistant to killing by some genotoxic agents. In this report we present our finding that ...
Dodson W R WR - - 2012
In this paper, we investigate computationally the oscillatory tank-treading motion of healthy swollen human erythrocytes (owing to lower than physiological plasma osmolarity) in shear flows with capillary number Ca=O(1) and small to moderate viscosity ratios 0.01≤λ≤2.75. Swollen cells show similar shear flow dynamics with normal cells but with significantly higher ...
Chakraborty Ajanta - - 2012
This study shows the effect of pterostilbene on intracellular neutral lipid accumulation in MCF-7 breast cancer cells leading to growth arrest and autophagy. On exposing the breast cancer cells with 30μM pterostilbene for 72h there was almost 2-folds increase in neutral lipids and triglycerides. Also the phytochemical caused a 4-folds ...
Kim Kiyoung - - 2012
This study was designed to determine the fate of the blastomeres in two-cell porcine parthenotes that display uneven size (larger vs. smaller) or cytoplasmic brightness (darker vs. brighter) during development to the blastocyst stage. For the non-invasive tracing of cell lineage, lipophilic fluorescence dye DiI (red) and DiD (blue) was ...
Roppenser Bernhard - - 2012
Phosphoinositides (PI) play an important role in many different cellular processes. Their generation and functions, however, are very dynamic, and the detection of localized events usually requires very precise imaging techniques. Recent advances in lipid research raised the possibility of designing molecular probes to specifically detect lipids in different subcellular ...
Olyveira Gabriel M - - 2012
A new approach is described to produce an efficient electrode material for biofuel cells using flexible carbon cloth (FCC) and hollow core-mesoporous shell carbon (HCMSC) nanospheres as bio-anode materials. The bio-electrochemical activity of glucose oxidase (GOx) enzyme adsorbed on this bio-anode was evaluated, with the maximum anodic current density varying ...
Vishnubhotla Ramana - - 2012
The concept of using tissue density as a mechanism to diagnose a tumor has been around for centuries. However, this concept has not been sufficiently explored in a laboratory setting. Therefore, in this paper, we observed the effects of cell density and extracellular matrix (ECM) density on colon cancer invasion ...
Atanassova Pepa - - 2012
The aim of the present work was to study the morphological characteristics of neonatal adipose tissue using rats as an animal model. The results revealed that the subcutaneous adipose tissue of newborns consists of packets of unilocular adipose cells (one large lipid drop occupying the whole cell and pushing the ...
Langelueddecke Christian - - 2012
Background/Aims: The function of β-cells is regulated by nutrient uptake and metabolism. The cells' metabolic state can be expressed as concentration ratios of AMP, ADP and ATP. Relative changes in these ratios regulate insulin release. An increase in the intracellular ATP concentration causes closure of K(ATP) channels and cell membrane ...
Guerrero C A - - 2012
Several cell surface molecules such as integrins, sialic acid and Hsc70 have been reported to participate in the process of adsorption and penetration of rotaviruses into cells. Some of them have been found in susceptible cell lines but not in epithelial cells of natural hosts so that their real role ...
Hijona Elizabeth - - 2012
Statins may have therapeutic effects on hepatocarcinoma (HCC). This type of disorder is the most common malignant primary tumour in the liver. Our objective was to determine whether pravastatin had a therapeutic effect in vitro and in vivo models. We design in vitro and in vivo model. In vitro we ...
Kato Ayako - - 2012
Cell-sized water-in-oil droplet covered by a lipid layer was used to understand how lipid membranes affect biochemical systems in living cells. Here, we report a remarkable acceleration of gene expression in a cell-sized water-in-oil droplet entrapping a cell-free translation system to synthesize GFP (green fluorescent protein). The production rate of ...
He Zhenhua - - 2012
Recent studies have indicated that autophagy may be one of the important pathways induced by ionizing radiation. Atorvastatin (statin), an inhibitor of 3-hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase, may exhibit anticancer effects as an autophagy inducer. In our study, the cell killing and radiosensitizing effects of statin were analyzed in PC3 ...
Bacová Z - - 2012
Glucose and cell swelling induce insulin secretion by alternative signaling pathways. Swelling-induced secretion is in most systems independent of calcium and various mediators of glucose stimulation. Comparison of two insulinoma tumor cell lines revealed surprising difference; INS-1E cells in contrast to INS-1 cells and isolated rat pancreatic islets do not ...
Abalsamo Laura - - 2012
Acquisition of mesenchymal characteristics confers to breast cancer (BC) cells the capability of invading tissues different from primary tumor site, allowing cell migration and metastasis. Regulators of the mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) may represent targets for anticancer agents. Accruing evidence supports functional implications of choline phospholipid metabolism in oncogene-activated cell signaling ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >