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Wang Yu-Shi - - 2012
The purpose of our study was to investigate the expression levels of TREM-1 (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1) in U937 foam cells and determine whether TREM-1 regulates the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-8 in these cells. Human U937 cells were incubated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and then ...
Briane Dominique - - 2012
In order to promote siRNA transfer in tumour cells, we used an original cationic lipid, synthesized in our laboratory, dimethyl-hydroxyethyl-aminopropane-carbamoyl-cholesterol (DMHAPC-Chol). Liposomes were prepared from this lipid and dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) in equimolar proportion. Its transfecting capacity was evaluated using ELISA, cell cytometry, and RT-PCR in estimating the silencing effect of ...
Linterman Michelle A - - 2012
Summary:  Human and mouse studies performed over the last decade have established that follicular helper T (Tfh) cells are a CD4(+) helper subset specialized in the provision of help to B cells. Tfh differentiation is driven by expression of the transcriptional repressor B-cell lymphoma-6 (Bcl-6), which turns on a program ...
Al-Mayah Ammar H J - - 2012
Communication between irradiated and un-irradiated (bystander) cells can cause damage in cells that are not directly targeted by ionizing radiation, a process known as the bystander effect. Bystander effects can also lead to chromosomal/genomic instability within the progeny of bystander cells, similar to the progeny of directly irradiated cells. The ...
Kuo Tsun-Yung - - 2012
Glycation, one of the post-translational modifications, is known to influence protein structure and biological function. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been shown to cause pathologies of diabetes. Glycation levels in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are higher than in normal people. However, whether the glycation of susceptible proteins is ...
Pan Xiaoyan X Cancer Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK. - - 2012
Cytoplasmic lipid droplets (LDs) are dynamic cellular organelles; their accumulation is associated with several cellular processes, such as cell proliferation, apoptosis and necrosis. (1)H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy detects resonances from lipids present in cytoplasmic (LDs); an understanding of the relationship between LD characteristics and NMR lipid signals is ...
Pang Weiyi - - 2012
Chemical contaminants, such as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), may modulate transcriptional responses in cells via the activation of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) or through responses to DNA damage following adduct formation. Attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy can be employed in a non-destructive fashion to interrogate the biochemical signature of cells ...
Garzon-Sanabria Andrea J - - 2012
Process variables affecting harvesting efficiency of Nannochloris oculata by AlCl(3) flocculation such as, cell density, ionic strength, coagulant dosage, media pH, and cell surface charge were investigated. Initial cell density and coagulant dosage had a significant effect on the removal efficiency; however, levels of ionic strength tested were not significant. ...
Moskovich Oren - - 2012
The complement system, an important element of both innate and adaptive immunity, is executing complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) with its C5b-9 protein complex that is assembled on cell surfaces and transmits to the cell death signals. In turn, cells, and in particular cancer cells, protect themselves from CDC in various ways. ...
Manson Mary E ME Departments of Chemistry, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, - - 2012
Cystic fibrosis (CF) cells exhibit an increase in the protein expression of β-arrestin-2 (βarr2) coincident with perinuclear accumulation of free cholesterol. Arrestins are proteins that both serve as broad signaling regulators and contribute to G-protein coupled receptor internalization after agonist stimulation. The hypothesis of this study is that βarr2 is ...
Pan Xiaoyan - - 2012
(1)H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) resonances from lipids in tumours are associated with tumour grade and treatment response. The origin of these NMR signals is mainly considered to be cytoplasmic lipid droplets (LDs). Techniques exist for isolating LDs but little is known about their composition and its relationship to ...
Malnar Martina - - 2012
Cholesterol accumulation in Niemann-Pick type C disease (NPC) causes increased levels of the amyloid-precursor-protein C-terminal fragments (APP-CTFs) and intracellular amyloid-β peptide (Aβ), the two central molecules in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. We previously reported that cholesterol accumulation in NPC-cells leads to cholesterol-dependent increased APP processing by β-secretase (BACE1) and decreased ...
Evdokimovskaya Yulia - - 2012
Glucose-regulated protein 94 (grp94) is a major component of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen of eukaryotic cells. We showed that grp94 is released from baby hamster kidney (BHK-21) cells into a serum-free medium. The exit of grp94 into the medium was not related to the protein discharge due to cell ...
Shinohara Nahoko - - 2012
In this study, we compared the cytotoxic effects of natural conjugated linolenic acids (CLnAs) on human adenocarcinoma cells (DLD-1) in vitro, with the goal of finding CLnA isomers with strong cytotoxic effects. The antitumor effect of the CLnA with the strongest cytotoxic effect was then examined in mice. The results ...
Botha Marlie - - 2012
Lactobacillus equigenerosi strain Le1, a natural inhabitant of the equine gastrointestinal tract, survived pH 3.0 and incubation in the presence of 1.5% (wt/vol) bile salts for at least 2 h. Strain Le1 showed 8% cell surface hydrophobicity, 60% auto-aggregation, and 47% coaggregation with Clostridium difficile C6. Only 1% of the ...
Hansen Ole Møller - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study investigates the effect of cell seeding density on cartilage repair in matrix-assisted chondrocyte implantation in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: In vitro: Four different cell seeding densities of human chondrocytes were seeded onto a porous methoxy-polyethylene glycol-polylactic-co-glycolic acid scaffold (MPEG-PLGA) polymer scaffold ASEED™ (1.2 × 10(6), 4.0 × 10(6), 1.2 × 10(7) and ...
Ou Huase - - 2012
The immediate and long-term impacts of potassium permanganate (KMnO(4)) as pre-oxidant on Microcystis aeruginosa and microcystin-LR (MC-LR) release risk were investigated. The cell density and the integrity of M. aeruginosa were determined by a flow cytometry, and typical photosynthetic parameters were measured by a pulse amplitude modulated fluorometer. The photosynthetic ...
Piao Longzhu L Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210, - - 2012
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most prevalent cancer worldwide with about 600,000 new cases diagnosed in the last year. Our laboratory showed that miR-107 expression is reduced and functions as a tumor suppressor gene in HNSCC suggesting the potential application of miR-107 as a novel ...
Zhao X - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Dental pulp tissue contains stem cells that can differentiate into multiple lineages under specific culture conditions; the origin of these dental pulp stem cells, however, is still unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here we have utilized an α-SMA-GFP transgenic mouse model to characterize expression of a-smooth muscle actin (SMA)-GFP in ...
Tao Yiwen - - 2012
We have developed a perfusion-based high cell density (HD) cell banking and inoculum expansion procedure for a cholesterol-dependent NS0 myeloma cell line using linear low-density polyethylene-based disposable bioreactors. Challenges associated with cholesterol-polymer interactions, which suppress cholesterol-dependent NS0 myeloma cell growth, were overcome using a novel cholesterol feeding protocol that included ...
Goergens Andre - - 2012
Freshly isolated human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) are small and round cells which upon cultivation adopt a polarized morphology and redistribute certain cell surface antigens. To functionally dissect this polarization process, we addressed impacts of protein synthesis, HSPC trafficking, cytoskeleton organization or lipid raft integrity on the establishment ...
Plazzo Anna Pia - - 2012
Cyclodextrins (CDs) are widely used both in pharmaceutical applications to improve drug bioavailability and in cell biology as cholesterol-depleting and -delivering agents. Recently, it was shown that β-CD covalently coupled to fluorescent dextran polymers accumulates in cholesterol-enriched lysosomal storage organelles of human fibroblasts (Rosenbaum et al., 2010). By employing a ...
Obrien William - - 2012
Using high-frequency ultrasound, two approaches were used to quantify eukaryotic cell properties. One approach (10-100 MHz) is model-based wherein live cells of known number and volume density are placed in a mixture of bovine plasma and thrombin to form a clot. Backscatter coefficient estimates are modeled against a concentric sphere ...
Patel A N - - 2012
Many types of histiocytoses have been described. We present a case of a 56-year-old woman who presented with multiple nodules on the hands. On histological examination of an excision biopsy, a mainly dermal lesion was seen, with scattered mononuclear inflammatory cells and occasional multinucleated cells in the background. The tumour ...
Vickers Kasey C - - 2012
Extracellular microRNAs (miRNAs) are uniquely stable in plasma, and the levels of specific circulating miRNAs can differ with disease. Extracellular miRNAs are associated with lipid-based carriers and lipid-free proteins. miRNAs can be transferred from cell-to-cell by lipid-based carriers and affect gene expression. This review summarizes recent studies that demonstrate the ...
Jungsuwadee Paiboon P Graduate Center for Toxicology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, - - 2012
Doxorubicin-induced acute cardiotoxicity is associated with the Gly671Val (G671V; rs45511401) variant of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1). Doxorubicin redox cycling causes lipid peroxidation and generation of the reactive electrophile, 4-hydroxy-2-trans-nonenal (HNE). Glutathione forms conjugates with HNE, yielding an MRP1 substrate, GS-HNE, whose intracellular accumulation can cause toxicity. We established stable ...
Koczor Christopher A - - 2012
The roles and actions of the tumor suppressor protein p53 have been extensively studied with regard to nuclear events, including transcription and DNA damage repair. However, the direct roles of p53 in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication and function are less well understood. Studies herein used a mitochondrial-targeted p53 (MTS-p53) to ...
Vigeolas Hélène - - 2012
This paper describes the isolation and partial biomass characterization of high triacylglycerol (TAG) mutants of Chlorella sorokiniana and Scenedesmus obliquus, two algal species considered as potential source of biodiesel. Following UV mutagenesis, 2000 Chlorella and 2800 Scenedesmus colonies were screened with a method based on Nile Red fluorescence. Several mutants ...
Zhang Huifa - - 2012
A microfluidic device for performing single copy, emulsion Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) within agarose droplets is presented. A two-aqueous-inlet emulsion droplet generator was designed and fabricated to produce highly uniform monodisperse picoliter agarose emulsion droplets with RT-PCR reagents in carrier oil. Template RNA or cells were delivered from ...
Wen Pengcheng - - 2012
The objective of this research was to investigate the influence of glucose on bovine lactoferrin's (LF) conformation, thermodynamic stability and osteoblastic cell proliferation. The conformation and thermodynamic stability of LF was detected by spectroscopic and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The osteoblastic cell proliferation of LF at physiological concentrations (100 μg/ml) was ...
Gammelsrud A - - 2012
The mycotoxin enniatin B (EnnB) is predominantly produced by species of the Fusarium genera, and often found in grain. The cytotoxic effect of EnnB has been suggested to be related to its ability to form ionophores in cell membranes. The present study examines the effects of EnnB on cell death, ...
Sul Jai-Yoon JY Department of Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, John Morgan Building, Room 37, 36th and Hamilton Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2012
Recent advances in cell reprogramming have permitted the development of different stem cell lines and specific differentiated cell types using distinct technologies. Cell reprogramming is largely mediated by DNA and RNA. In this review, we explore the RNA-mediated cell reprogramming to induce specific target cell generation including stem cells, brain ...
Lelong Aurélie - - 2012
Microalgae have differing sensitivities to copper toxicity. Some species within the genus Pseudo-nitzschia produce domoic acid (DA), a phycotoxin that has been hypothesised to chelate Cu and ameliorate Cu toxicity to the cells. To better characterise the effect of Cu on Pseudo-nitzschia, a toxic strain of P. multiseries and a ...
Du Hailei - - 2012
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy found in the liver. Autophagy is the intracellular bulk degradation process for long-lived proteins and dysfunctional organelles. In this study, we report that autophagy plays a role in HCC cell proliferation in response to ischemia-hypoxia (I/H) and reperfusion and discuss its ...
Mokhtarieh Amir Abbas - - 2012
The discovery of siRNA has been an important step in gene therapy, but the problem of delivering siRNA to a target organ limits its use as a therapeutic drug. Liposomes can be used as a nonviral vector to deliver siRNA to target cells. In this study we developed a novel ...
Martins S - - 2012
The aim of this work was to develop a systematic analysis of the cellular internalisation mechanism and pathway of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) internalisation. To evaluate if SLN show cell uptake and to understand the mechanism of internalisation, four human glioma cell lines (A172, U251, U373 and U87) and a ...
Ghita Adrian - - 2012
Raman microspectroscopy (rms) was used to identify, image, and quantify potential molecular markers for label-free monitoring the differentiation status of live neural stem cells (NSCs) in vitro. Label-free noninvasive techniques for characterization of NCSs in vitro are needed as they can be developed for real-time monitoring of live cells. Principal ...
Cunyat Francesc - - 2012
HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env) is a major determinant of viral pathogenicity. The evaluation of the biological properties of patient-derived envelopes by comparing two effector cell lines (293T and HeLa) is reported. A standard cell-to-cell fusion assay was used to evaluate fusogenicity, whereas a coculture with CD4(+) cells was used to ...
Tuncbilek Meral - - 2012
Novel purine ribonucleoside analogs (9-13) containing a 4-substituted piperazine in the substituent at N6 were synthesized and evaluated for their cytotoxicity on Huh7, HepG2, FOCUS, Mahlavu liver, MCF7 breast and HCT116 colon carcinoma cell lines. The purine nucleoside analogs were analyzed initially by an anticancer drug-screening method based on a ...
Ning Shoucheng - - 2012
Radiation-induced dermatitis is a debilitating clinical problem in cancer patients undergoing cancer radiation therapy. It is also a possible outcome of exposure to high levels of radiation due to accident or hostile activity. We report that activation of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) enzymatic activity using the allosteric agonist, Alda-1, significantly ...
Subramaniam Nanthakumar N Storr Liver Unit, Westmead Millennium Institute and Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Westmead, New South Wales, - - 2012
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates lipid, cholesterol, and glucose metabolism in specialized metabolic tissues, such as muscle, liver, and adipose tissue. Agents that activate AMPK, such as metformin and 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-4-ribofuranoside (AICAR), have beneficial effects on liver glucose and lipid metabolism. In addition, AMPK activation in proliferating hepatic stellate cells (HSC) ...
Mirbahai Ladan L School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK. - - 2012
Biomarkers of early response to treatment have the potential to improve cancer therapy by allowing treatment to be tailored to the individual. Alterations in lipids detected by in vivo MRS have been suggested as noninvasive biomarkers of cell stress and early indicators of cell death. An improved understanding of the ...
Zhang Fan F Department of Chemistry, University of California, Riverside, California 92521-0403, - - 2012
5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR), a nucleoside analog that can inhibit DNA cytosine methylation, possesses potent antitumorigenic activities for myeloid disorders. Although 5-Aza-CdR is known to be incorporated into DNA and inhibit DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferases, the precise mechanisms underlying the drug's antineoplastic activity remain unclear. Here we utilized a mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomic method ...
Byskov Kristina - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporter, PiT1 (SLC20A1), is ubiquitously expressed in mammalian cells. It has previously been shown that down-regulation of PiT1 severely impaired the proliferation of two transformed human cells lines, HepG2 and HeLa, and the tumorigenicity of HeLa cells in nude mice. Moreover, PiT1 knock-out mice ...
Cortes V Llorente - - 2012
Human hepatic stellate cells (HHSCs) proliferation and migration play a key role in the pathogenesis of liver inflammation and fibrogenesis. Low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP1) is an endocytic receptor involved in intracellular signal transduction. The aim of this work was to analyze the role of low density lipoprotein receptor-related ...
Florian Paula - - 2012
Different cell types have been reported to internalize lactoferrin (Lf) by specific or nonspecific receptors. Our studies focused on the endocytic pathway of human Lf in macrophage-like THP-1 cells. Lactoferrin was found to be internalized by THP-1 cells differentiated with phorbol myristate acetate. Incubation of cells with chlorpromazine and dansylcadaverine, ...
Spassieva Stefka D - - 2012
We applied a metabolic approach to investigate the role of sphingolipids in cell density-induced growth arrest in neuroblastoma cells. Our data revealed that sphingolipid metabolism in neuroblastoma cells significantly differs depending on the cells' population context. At high cell density, cells exhibited G0/G1 cell-cycle arrest and reduced ceramide, monohexosylceramide, and ...
Elseberg Christiane L - - 2012
For cell therapy, a high biomass of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) is required for clinical applications, such as in the form of encapsulated implants. An easy and reproducible microcarrier-based stirred tank reactor cultivation process for hMSCs in 1.68 L scale is described. To avoid medium changes, studies comparing high-glucose ...
Zhang Su-Juan - - 2012
The soyabean isoflavones genistein (GEN) and daidzein (DA) are popular presented in diet. Isoflavones have a variety of biological activities including antioxidant and anticancer properties. On account of its antioxidant activity, isoflavones might protect cancer cells from free radical damage in photodynamic (PDT) during which reactive oxygen species (ROS) production ...
Nagai Yoshinori - - 2012
Marginal zone (MZ) B cells mount rapid T-cell-independent (T-I) immune responses against microbial components such as LPS. While Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is essential for LPS responses, MZ B cells uniquely express high levels of another LPS sensor Radioprotective 105 (RP105). However, little is known about how RP105 is used ...
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