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Nakanishi-Matsui Mayumi - - 2012
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an outer membrane component of Gram-negative bacteria induces strong proinflammatory responses, including the release of cytokines and nitric oxide from macrophage. In this study, we found that a murine macrophage-derived line, RAW264.7, became multinuclear through cell-cell fusion after incubation with highly purified LPS or synthetic lipid A in ...
Chang Anthony - - 2012
The contribution of T cells and graft-reactive antibodies to acute allograft rejection is widely accepted, but the role of graft-infiltrating B and plasma cells is controversial. We examined 56 consecutive human renal transplant biopsies classified by Banff schema into T-cell-mediated (N = 21), antibody-mediated (N = 18), and mixed (N ...
Tamura Atsushi A Institute of Advanced Biomedical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Women's Medical University-TWIns, and Global Center of Excellence-COE, 8-1 Kawadacho, Shinjuku, Tokyo 162-8666, - - 2012
Large-scale cell culture of anchorage-dependent cells based on microcarriers is a crucial method for industrial-scale cell culture and large-scale expansion of therapeutic cells. Previously, the authors developed temperature-responsive microcarriers bearing poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PIPAAm)-grafted chains on their outer surface for the non-invasive detachment of cultured cells through temperature reduction without proteolytic enzyme ...
Hoffman Lisa - - 2012
The effects of the fungicides Maneb, Mancozeb, and Zineb were investigated in transformed colon cells, HT-29, Caco2 and non-transformed cells, CCD-18Co. Significant decreases in viability were observed with Maneb and Mancozeb in HT-29 and CCD-18Co (80-260μM), and Caco2 cells (40-180μM). No significant decreases in viability were observed in all cell ...
Yamaguchi Soichiro - - 2012
The electrogenic Na(+)-HCO(3)(-) cotransporter NBCe1-B can be regulated by intracellular Mg(2+) (Mg(2+)(i)). We previously reported that under whole-cell voltage-clamp conditions, bovine NBCe1-B (bNBCe1-B) currents heterologously expressed in mammalian cells are strongly inhibited by Mg(2+)(i), and the inhibition is likely mediated by electrostatic interaction and relieved by truncation of the cytosolic ...
Liu Fenye - - 2012
The prognosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is still poor. Trichosanthin (TCS) has abortifacient, anti-virus, immunoregulation and various anti-tumor pharmacological activities, but there are no reports about its effect on NPC and the exact mechanisms that TCS inhibits tumor are not well known. In this study, the proliferation, apoptosis and soft ...
Lye Huey Shi - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of electroporation on the cell growth, cholesterol removal, and adherence abilities of L. acidophilus BT 1088 and their subsequent passages. The growth of electroporated parent cells increased (P<0.05) by 4.49-21.25% compared with that of the control. This may be attributed to the alteration ...
Zhang Shumin - - 2012
β-lactoglobulin (BLG), a dominant allergen in goat milk, is difficult to remove by traditional biochemical methods. Its elimination from goat milk by genetic modification therefore poses a major challenge for modern goat breeders. A shRNA targeting BLG mRNA with high interference efficiency was identified, with which lentiviral vectors were used ...
Hei Ziqing - - 2012
Gap junctions regulate proper kidney function by facilitating intercellular communication, vascular conduction, and tubular purinergic signaling. However, no clear relationship has been described between gap-junction function and acute kidney injury induced by the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Normal rat kidney epithelial cells (NRK52E cells) were seeded at high and low densities ...
Silva Adny Henrique - - 2012
This study was undertaken to address the current deficient knowledge of cellular response to solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) exposure. We investigated the cytotoxicity of several SLNs formulations in two fibroblast cell lineages, Vero and MDCK. Several methods were used to explore the mechanisms involved in this cytotoxic process, including cell ...
Alemany L - - 2012
The biological implications of cholesterol oxidation products have been investigated, though research on plant sterol oxidation products is scarce and in some cases contradictory. The cytotoxicity of 7keto(k)-stigmasterol versus 7keto(k)-cholesterol at different concentrations (0-120μM) and incubation times (4-24h), in intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2 cells) was evaluated. The 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,3-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide ...
Ganguli R - - 2012
The power densities of microbial fuel cells with yeast cells as the anode catalyst were significantly increased by immobilizing the yeast in electrically conductive alginate electrodes. The peak power densities measured as a function of the electrical conductivity of the immobilized electrodes show that although power increases with rising electrical ...
Ravacci Graziela Rosa - - 2012
In HER-2-overexpressing breast cells, HER-2 receptors exist on the cell surface as monomers, homodimers and heterodimers. For signal activation and transduction to occur, HER-2 must be localized to lipid rafts. Therefore, we hypothesized that the amount of lipid rafts on the cell membrane would be a factor in HER-2 signaling. ...
Roggers Robert A - - 2012
A controlled release system comprised of mesoporous silica nanoparticles with covalently bound dipalmitoyl moieties supporting phosphorylated lipids (LB-MSN) has been successfully synthesized, characterized and demonstrated controlled release of fluorescein molecules under disulfide reducing conditions. Flow cytometry analyses confirm improved biocompatibility of the resulting lipid bilayer MSN (LB-MSN) from nonfunctional MSN. ...
Ohta Masahiko - - 2012
We previously reported that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) improved statin-induced rhabdomyolysis in rats [Naba et al., 2006]. In this study, we report for the first time direct improvement by EPA of statin-induced toxicity in cultured myoblasts and the mechanistic involvement of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Differentiated rhabdomyosarcoma cells (RD cells) were ...
Tabei Yosuke - - 2012
Bioluminescence is emitted by various living organisms, including bacteria. While the induction mechanism in marine luminescent bacteria, such as Vibrio fischeri and V. harveyi, has been well characterized, this mechanism has not been studied in detail in the non-marine luminescent bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens. Therefore, we investigated the effect of cations ...
Park Seongyong - - 2012
We describe a microfluidic concentrator array device that is integrated with microfabricated ratchet structures to concentrate motile bacterial cells in desired destinations with required cell densities. The device consists of many pairs of concentrators with a wide range of spacing distances on a chip, and allows cells in one concentrator ...
Pizzurro Gabriela A - - 2012
Gamma irradiation is one of the methods used to sterilize melanoma cells prior to coculturing them with monocyte-derived immature dendritic cells in order to develop antitumor vaccines. However, the changes taking place in tumor cells after irradiation and their interaction with dendritic cells have been scarcely analyzed. We demonstrate here ...
Huntosova Veronika - - 2012
Hypericin (Hyp) is a hydrophobic natural photosensitizer that is considered to be a promising molecule for photodynamic treatment of tumor cells and photo-diagnosis of early epithelial cancers. Its hydrophobicity is the main driving force that governs its redistribution process. Low-density lipoproteins (LDL), a natural in vivo carrier of cholesterol present ...
Tseng Po-Yuan - - 2012
A biomimetic construct containing an extracellular matrix protein-liposome composite tethered on supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) was formed with fibronectin (FN), and polyethylene glycol (PEG) and cholesterol-containing liposomes. The construct can serve as a multifunctional platform for cell attachment and drug release. The successful fabrication of the FN-liposome-SLB model platform was ...
Zhang Yan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: During programmed cell death, apoptotic cells are rapidly removed by phagocytes. How dying cells are recognized remains poorly understood. RESULTS: Here we identify a secreted lipid transfer/LPS-binding family protein, NRF-5, which is required for efficient clearance of cell corpses. We observed that phosphatidylserine (PS), which is externalized to the ...
Maddison Lisette A - - 2012
Persistent nutrient excess results in a compensatory increase in the β-cell number in mammals. It is unknown whether this response occurs in nonmammalian vertebrates, including zebrafish, a model for genetics and chemical genetics. We investigated the response of zebrafish β-cells to nutrient excess and the underlying mechanisms by culturing transgenic ...
Taing Meng-Wong - - 2012
Obesity is associated with many chronic disease states, such as diabetes mellitus, coronary disease and certain cancers, including those of the breast and colon. There is a growing body of evidence that links phytochemicals with the inhibition of adipogenesis and protection against obesity. Mangoes (Mangifera indica L.) are tropical fruits ...
Haeri Morteza - - 2012
Electrochemical voltage shifts in metallic biomedical implants occur in-vivo due to a number of processes including mechanically assisted corrosion. These excursions may compromise the biocompatibility of metallic implants. Voltages can also be controlled to modulate cell function and fate. The in vitro effect of static voltages on the behavior of MC3T3-E1 ...
Speak Anneliese O AO Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford, Oxford, - - 2012
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are a specialised subset of T cells that are restricted to the MHC class I like molecule, CD1d. The ligands for iNKT cells are lipids, with the canonical superagonist being α-galactosylceramide, a non-mammalian glycosphingolipid. Trafficking of CD1d through the lysosome is required for the ...
Rengaraj Deivendran - - 2012
Glucose is an important monosaccharide required to generate energy in all cells. After entry into cells, glucose is phosphorylated to glucose 6-phosphate and then transformed into glycogen or metabolized to produce energy. Glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI) catalyzes the reversible isomerization of glucose 6-phosphate and fructose 6-phosphate. Without GPI activity or ...
Taskiran Dilek - - 2012
Oxidative stress is associated with various pathophysiological processes, including cell survival, adhesion, apoptosis, and cancer. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of H(2) O(2) -induced toxicity on adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and whether 17β-estradiol (E(2) ) has protective effects on these cells. ADSCs derived from ...
Yin Jun-Jie - - 2012
Nano-sized titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) is among the top five widely used nanomaterials for various applications. In this study, we determine the phototoxicity of TiO(2) nanoparticles (nano-TiO(2)) with different molecular sizes and crystal forms (anatase and rutile) in human skin keratinocytes under UVA irradiation. Our results show that all nano-TiO(2) particles ...
Tran Clara T H - - 2012
The surface of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) was modified using plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII) with the aim of improving its ability to immobilize yeast. The density of immobilized cells on PIII-treated and -untreated PTFE was compared as a function of incubation time over 24 h. Rehydrated yeast cells attached to the ...
Kah Janine - - 2012
HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitors (statins) are widely used drugs to interfere with cholesterol biosynthesis. Besides this usage, evidence is increasing that statins might also be useful in therapy of viral infections or cancer. We investigated the effects of fluva-, simva-, atorva-, rosuva- and lovastatin on the viability of primary mouse and human ...
Rogers Trisha J - - 2012
Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC) O113:H21 strains that lack the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) efficiently invade eukaryotic cells in vitro, unlike LEE-positive O157:H7 strains. We used a fliC deletion mutant of the O113:H21 STEC strain 98NK2 (98NK2ΔfliC) to show that invasion of colonic epithelial (HCT-8) cells is heavily dependent on ...
Asano Satoshi - - 2012
Sphingomyelin synthase (SMS) catalyzes the formation of sphingomyelin, a major component of the plasma membrane and lipid rafts. To investigate the role of SMS in cell signaling and migration induced by binding of the chemokine CXCL12 to CXCR4, we used mouse embryonic fibroblasts deficient in SMS1 and/or SMS2 and examined ...
van den Akker Jeroen - - 2012
While matrix remodeling plays a key role in vascular physiology and pathology, the underlying mechanisms have remained incompletely understood. We studied the remodeling of collagen matrices by individual vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs), clusters and monolayers. In addition, we focused on the contribution of transglutaminase 2 (TG2), which plays an ...
Nimri Lili - - 2012
Caveolin-1 (cav-1) and flotillin-1 are two major structural proteins associated with lipid rafts in mammalian cells. The membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) are expressed at the cell surface, hydrolyze extracellular matrix, and play an important role in cancer cell migration and metastasis. Expression of cav-1, flotillin-1, and MT4-MMP in lysates and ...
Kato Shinya - - 2012
The nitroimidazole-related hypoxic radiosensitizer, pimonidazole (Pmz) was encapsulated in liposome composed of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, cholesterol and dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol (molar ratio = 1:1:0.2; diameter = 112.9 nm), and the radiosensitization was evaluated in human melanoma cells HMV-II. Cell proliferation was examined by WST-8 assay after X-ray irradiation in the presence of liposomal Pmz ...
Azizullah Azizullah - - 2012
Chronic toxicity of the common laundry detergent Ariel on the freshwater alga Euglena gracilis was investigated by growing the alga in a medium containing the detergent for 7 days. Cell density, motility, swimming velocity, gravitactic orientation, cell shape, photosynthesis and concentration of light-harvesting pigments were used as end point parameters for ...
Merigo Flavia F Department of Neurological, Neuropsychological, Morphological and Movement Sciences, Human Anatomy and Histology Section, University of Verona, School of Medicine, Verona, Italy. - - 2012
Glucose transport plays an important role in maintaining low sugar concentration in airway surface liquid (ASL), which is critical for mucociliary clearance and bacterial colonization. Experimental evidence indicates that glucose/hexose uptake in lung/airway cells occurs by means of two structurally distinct glucose transporter pathways: the Na(+) -dependent glucose transporters (SGLT ...
Wu Hui-Wen HW Institute of Hepatology, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030001, Shanxi Province, - - 2012
To investigate the effects and mechanisms of action of glycine on phagocytosis and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α secretion by Kupffer cells in vitro. Kupffer cells were isolated from normal rats by collagenase digestion and Percoll density gradient differential centrifugation. After culture for 24 h, Kupffer cells were incubated in fresh ...
Luciani Paola - - 2012
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and oestrogens interact with each other as neuroprotective factors. We have previously demonstrated that 17β-oestradiol protects against β-amyloid and oxidative stress toxicity and increases the amount of cell cholesterol in human foetal neuroblasts (FNC). The objectives of this study were: i) to assess the protective effects ...
Abe Masaaki - - 2012
The blood-nerve barrier (BNB) is a highly specialized unit that maintains the microenvironments of the peripheral nervous system. Since the breakdown of the BNB has been considered a key step in autoimmune neuropathies such as Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyraduculoneuropathy, it is important to understand the cellular properties ...
Samanez Carolina Huaman - - 2012
Metabolic diseases reach epidemic proportions. A better knowledge of the associated alterations in the metabolic pathways in the liver is necessary. These studies need in vitro human cell models. Several human hepatoma models are used, but the response of many metabolic pathways to physiological stimuli is often lost. Here, we ...
Devkar Ranjitsinh V - - 2012
This study assesses the efficacy of anthocyanin rich Brassica olerecea leaves (ARCE) and flavonoid rich Eugenia jambolana seed (EJSE) extracts as possible cardioprotective agents against hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) induced cytotoxicity in H9C2 cells. Presence of ARCE or EJSE resulted in a superior cell viability and cell integrity as revealed by ...
Schuster A - - 2012
Ultrasound is widely used in clinical practice, mostly in diagnostic studies, but increasingly in therapeutic applications as well. This may be the case in acceleration of wound healing or treatment of cancer. Still, little is known about the direct effect of frequency or energy density of the ultrasound upon the ...
Dieck Catherine B - - 2012
In order to characterize the effects of increasing phosphatidylinositol(4,5)bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P(2)) on nuclear function, we expressed the human phosphatidylinositol (4)-phosphate 5-kinase (HsPIP5K) 1α in Nicotiana tabacum (NT) cells. The HsPIP5K-expressing (HK) cells had altered nuclear lipids and nuclear functions. HK cell nuclei had 2-fold increased PIP5K activity and increased steady state ...
Boudière Laurence - - 2012
Plant cells are characterized by the presence of chloroplasts, membrane lipids of which contain up to ∼80% mono- and digalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG and DGDG). The synthesis of MGDG in the chloroplast envelope is essential for the biogenesis and function of photosynthetic membranes, is coordinated with lipid metabolism in other cell compartments ...
Nam Jeonghun - - 2012
This study presents a method for density-based separation of monodisperse encapsulated cells using a standing surface acoustic wave (SSAW) in a microchannel. Even though monodisperse polymer beads can be generated by the state-of-the-art technology in microfluidics, the quantity of encapsulated cells cannot be controlled precisely. In the present study, mono-disperse ...
Terés Silvia - - 2012
Despite recent advances in the development of new cancer therapies, the treatment options for glioma remain limited, and the survival rate of patients has changed little over the past three decades. Here, we show that 2-hydroxyoleic acid (2OHOA) induces differentiation and autophagy of human glioma cells. Compared to the current ...
Darch Sophie E - - 2012
It has been argued that bacteria communicate using small diffusible signal molecules to coordinate, among other things, the production of factors that are secreted outside of the cells in a process known as quorum sensing (QS). The underlying assumption made to explain QS is that the secretion of these extracellular ...
Lee Eun Ju - - 2012
Intramuscular long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) play an important role in energy production and initiation of mitochondrial oxidation of lipids. Herein, we report a natural porcine placenta steroid extract (PPSE) that stimulates transdifferentiation and lipid accumulation in bovine myogenic satellite cells (MSCs). The steroids hormones in PPSE were analyzed using enzyme-linked ...
Scarpa Emanuele S - - 2012
Human NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) catalyzes the obligatory two-electron reduction of quinones. For this peculiar catalytic mechanism, the enzyme is considered an important cytoprotector. The NQO1 gene is expressed in all human tissues, unless a polymorphism due to C609T point mutation is present. This polymorphism produces a null phenotype ...
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