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Bhardwaj Rajinder K - - 2006
Recently, the expression of the human peptide/histidine transporter (hPHT1, SLC15A4) mRNA was observed in the GI tract and in Caco-2 cells, suggesting that it may participate in the intestinal absorption of peptide-based agents. This study aims to elucidate the: (i) protein expression pattern of hPHT1 (SLC15A4) in human small intestine; ...
Bhargava Madhu M - - 2005
The present study was undertaken to define the nature of key transport processes for sodium, glucose, proline, and sulfate in primary culture of canine anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and medial collateral ligament (MCL) cells. Uptake studies using radiolabeled isotopes were performed and Na,K-ATPase activity was determined in cell lysates. At ...
Umapathy Nagavedi S - - 2005
The expression and function of the glutamine transporters ATA1 and ATA2 (isoforms of system A), SN1 and SN2 (isoforms of system N), and LAT1 and LAT2 (isoforms of system L) were investigated in Müller cells in a rat Müller cell line (rMC1) and primary cultures of mouse Müller cells. Glutamine ...
O'Neil Roger G - - 2005
PURPOSE: A new fluorescent analog of D -glucose was recently developed by [Yoshioka K, Takahashi H, Homma T, Sato M, Ki Bong O, Nemoto Y, Matsuoka H (1996) A novel fluorescent derivative of glucose applicable to the assessment of glucose uptake activity of Escherichia coli. Biochim Biophys Acta 1289:5-9] and ...
Ramirez-Montealegre Denia - - 2005
Mutations in the CLN3 gene, which encodes a lysosomal membrane protein, are responsible for the neurodegenerative disorder juvenile Batten disease. A previous study on the yeast homolog to CLN3, designated Btn1p, revealed a potential role for CLN3 in the transport of arginine into the yeast vacuole, the equivalent organelle to ...
Clarke Andrew - - 2005
It is reported here that salicylic acid (SA) is rapidly taken up by Arabidopsis cells, and its uptake is accompanied by media alkalization and cytosolic acidification, and it is inhibited by the ionophore nigericin, suggesting that its import is linked with that of H+ and driven by a proton gradient. ...
Yoshida Saiko - - 2005
Polar auxin transport is essential for the formation of continuous vascular strands in the plant body. To understand its mechanism, polar auxin transport inhibitors have often been used. However, the role of auxin in vascular differentiation at the unicellular level has remained elusive. Using a Zinnia elegans cell culture system, ...
Zalups Rudolfs K - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The activity of the organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) has been implicated recently in the basolateral uptake of thiol conjugates of inorganic mercury in renal proximal tubular cells. However, very little is known about the role of OAT1 in the renal epithelial transport of organic forms of mercury, such ...
Bauer Karl - - 2005
Carnosine (beta-alanyl-histidine) and homocarnosine (gamma-aminobutyryl-histidine) are major constituents of excitable tissues, brain and skeletal muscles, but their physiological functions are yet unknown. Using primary cell culture systems, synthesis and uptake of carnosine exclusively by glial cells could be demonstrated. Uptake of carnosine was found to be mediated by a high ...
Zidi-Yahiaoui Nedjma - - 2005
The mammalian Rh (Rhesus) protein family belongs to the Amt/Mep (ammonia transporter/methylammonium permease)/Rh superfamily of ammonium transporters. Whereas RhCE, RhD and RhAG are erythroid specific, RhBG and RhCG are expressed in key organs associated with ammonium transport and metabolism. We have investigated the ammonium transport function of human RhBG and ...
Holm Tina - - 2005
The uptake of different cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) in two yeast species, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans, was studied using fluorescence HPLC-analyses of cell content. Comparison of the ability of penetratin, pVEC and (KFF)(3)K to traverse the yeast cell envelope shows that the cellular uptake of the peptides varies widely. Moreover, ...
Nozawa Takashi - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to suppress the progress of estrogen-dependent breast cancer by inhibiting the membrane transporter, which mediates the internalization of estrone-3-sulfate as estrogen precursor in the cancer cells. METHODS: The uptake of estrone-3-sulfate by estrogen-dependent breast cancer MCF-7 cells was measured, and inhibitory study using ...
Lin Li-Yih - - 2006
The mammalian kidney excretes its metabolic acid load through the proton-transporting cells, intercalated cells, in the distal nephron and collecting duct. Fish excrete acid through external organs, gill, or skin; however, the cellular function is still controversial. In this study, molecular and electrophysiological approaches were used to identify a novel ...
Roelfsema M Rob G - - 2005
Stomata can be regarded as hydraulically driven valves in the leaf surface, which open to allow CO2 uptake and close to prevent excessive loss of water. Movement of these 'Watergates' is regulated by environmental conditions, such as light, CO2 and humidity. Guard cells can sense environmental conditions and function as ...
Chang Jae H - - 2005
Formation and transport of glucuronide metabolites were studied in LLC-PK1 cells. Glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 1-naphthol, mycophenolic acid, and 4-methylumbelliferone was examined in microsomes prepared from LLC-PK1 cells, human livers, human kidneys, and human intestines. The rate of glucuronide metabolite formation observed with LLC-PK1 microsomes was comparable to rates observed with ...
Brunkhorst Claudia - - 2005
Acarbose, a pseudomaltotetraose, is produced by strains of the genus Actinoplanes. The compound is an inhibitor of alpha-glucosidases and is used in the treatment of patients suffering from type II diabetes. The benefits of acarbose for the producer are not known; however, a role as carbophor has been proposed. Acarbose ...
Zhao Rongbao - - 2005
Transport of folates and antifolates in both hepatocytes and Huh7 human hepatoma cells is characterized by a low-pH optimum. Studies were undertaken to determine the extent to which this transport activity is mediated by the reduced folate carrier (RFC) in Huh7 human hepatoma cells. RFC expression was ablated by chemical ...
Louters Larry L - - 2006
Methylene blue (MB), a common cell stain, has been shown to inhibit nitric oxide synthase and guanylate cyclase, which has led to the recent use of MB in nitric oxide signaling studies. This study documents the effects of MB on 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) uptake in L929 fibroblast cells where uptake is ...
Weibel Douglas B - - 2005
It is difficult to harness the power generated by biological motors to carry out mechanical work in systems outside the cell. Efforts to capture the mechanical energy of nanomotors ex vivo require in vitro reconstitution of motor proteins and, often, protein engineering. This study presents a method for harnessing the ...
Zalups Rudolfs K - - 2005
Recently, the activity of the organic anion transporter 1 (OAT1) protein has been implicated in the basolateral uptake of inorganic mercuric species in renal proximal tubular cells. Unfortunately, very little is known about the role of OAT1 in the renal epithelial transport of organic forms of mercury, such as methylmercury ...
de Paula Le Sueur Luciana - - 2005
Phoneutria nigriventer spider venom (PNV) induces, in rats, local edema as result of an increased vascular permeability, as well as causes blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown by altering transendothelial transport routes in hippocampal microvessels. In this work we investigated the in vitro effects of PNV on cell viability and cellular transport ...
Bridges Christy C - - 2005
System x(-) (c) is a heterodimeric transporter, comprised of a light chain, xCT, and heavy chain, 4F2hc, which mediates the sodium-independent exchange of cystine and glutamate at the plasma membrane. In the current study we tested the hypothesis that stable transfection of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells with human xCT ...
Bedhomme Mariette - - 2005
The distribution of folates in plant cells suggests a complex traffic of the vitamin between the organelles and the cytosol. The Arabidopsis thaliana protein AtFOLT1 encoded by the At5g66380 gene is the closest homolog of the mitochondrial folate transporters (MFTs) characterized in mammalian cells. AtFOLT1 belongs to the mitochondrial carrier ...
Laparra José Moisés - - 2005
Foods and drinking water are the main sources of human exposure to inorganic arsenic [As(III) and As(V)]. After oral ingestion, the intestinal epithelium is the first barrier to absorption of these species. A human intestinal cell line (Caco-2) was used to evaluate cell retention and transport of As(III) (15.6-156.0 microM) ...
Morin Kevin W - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: (E)-5-(2-Iodovinyl)-2'-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (IVFRU) is a pyrimidine nucleoside analogue that accumulates selectively in murine cells expressing herpes simplex type-1 thymidine kinase (HSV-1 TK). The uptake of [(125)I]IVFRU in human 143B osteosarcoma cells transduced with a retroviral vector bearing the HSV-1 TK gene (143B-LTK cells) is now reported. METHODS: HSV-1 TK gene ...
des Rieux Anne - - 2005
An in vitro model of the human follicle associated epithelium (FAE) was characterized and the influence of nanoparticle properties on the transcellular transport across the in vitro model was investigated. The model was established by co-culturing Caco-2 and Raji cells, with Caco-2 cells alone as control. The conversion of Caco-2 ...
Ren Yunli - - 2005
Assay of hydrogenase activity pertaining to H2 production needs anaerobic conditions. To establish a simplified method for assay of hydrogenase activities by using intact cells of Enterobater aerogenes, different chemicals capable of enhancing the cell-wall permeability to electron mediators were examined. As a result, Triton X-100 and CTAB were found ...
Lenaerts Kaatje - - 2005
Glutamine is an essential amino acid for enterocytes, especially in states of critical illness and injury. In several studies it has been speculated that the beneficial effects of glutamine are dependent on the route of supply (luminal or systemic). The aim of this study was to investigate the relevance of ...
Diaz-Griffero Felipe - - 2005
Avian leukosis virus (ALV) requires endocytosis and a low pH step for successful viral entry. Here we report that transient treatment with lysosomotropic agents was not sufficient to block ALV subgroup B (ALV-B) entry, while it completely inhibited uptake of the pH-dependent Semliki Forest virus. Extended incubations with lysosomotropic agents ...
Zhou Yuzhao - - 2005
Aluminum (Al) can cause neurotoxicity, a low-turnover osteomalacia, and microcytic anemia. To test the null hypothesis that the chemical form (species) of Al does not influence its mechanism or rate of absorption from the gastrointestinal tract, Al flux across and uptake into Caco-2 cells was investigated. Caco-2 cells were grown ...
Bosnar Martina - - 2005
Macrolide antibiotics have an outstanding ability to concentrate within host cells, particularly phagocytes. In the study described in this paper five different macrolide antibiotics were compared regarding the uptake and release kinetics in human peripheral blood polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and three different cell lines, two phagocytic cell lines (RAW 264.7 ...
Ebert Bettina - - 2005
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) is known to actively transport various anticancer drugs and to restrict the uptake of the food carcinogen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine from the gut lumen. The present study reveals that BCRP is involved in the transport of phase-2 metabolites of the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene (BP) in the human intestinal ...
Bhardwaj Rajinder K RK Department of Pharmaceutics, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, NJ 08854-8022, - - 2005
In the present investigation, the uptake and transport kinetics of valacyclovir (VACV), 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA), and benzylpenicillin (BENZ) were studied in stably transfected Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK)/human peptide transporter 1 (hPepT1)-V5&His clonal cell lines expressing varying levels of epitope-tagged hPepT1 protein (low, medium, and high expression) and in Caco-2 cells ...
Hay, Jordan O.
Roger M. Spanswick, Susan R. McCouch, Larry P. Walker
Cheng Zhen - - 2005
Numerous new molecular targets for diseases are rapidly being identified and validated in the postgenomic era, urging scientists to explore novel techniques for accelerating molecular probe development. In this study, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) was investigated as a potential tool for high-throughput screening and characterization of molecular ...
Fu Guo-Hui - - 2005
Successful application of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has been attracting worldwide interest, but the exact mechanism for the action of As2O3 remains somewhat obscure. In the present work, we show for the first time that As2O3 facilitates the DIDS-sensitive anion transport activity of ...
Yamada Kiyoshi - - 2005
Using human (SK-MEL 23, SK-MEL 24 and G361) and murine (B16) melanoma cell lines, the coregulatory potential of the uptake of the positron emission tomography (PET) tracer, [Fluorine-18] 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (F-18 FDG) has been investigated in relationship to tumor characteristics. Comparative studies among the four melanoma cell lines demonstrated that the ...
Aduayom I - - 2005
In a previous study, we characterized Cd-Hg interactions for uptake in human intestinal Caco-2 cells. We pursued our investigations on metal uptake from metal mixtures, focusing on the effects of Hg on cellular homeostasis. A 4-fold higher equilibrium accumulation value of 0.3 micromol/L (203)Hg was measured in the presence of ...
McMillan J M - - 2005
S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAMe) is an endogenous molecule that is known to be protective against hepatotoxic injury. Although oral SAMe appears to be absorbed across the intestinal mucosa, its systemic bioavailability is low. The reason for this is unknown. Using the Caco-2 cell culture model for enterocyte absorption, we determined the mode ...
Chang Chiung-Wen - - 2005
Organisms exhibit a diverse set of responses when exposed to low-phosphate conditions. Some of these responses are specific for phosphorus limitation, including responses that enable cells to efficiently scavenge phosphate from internal and external stores via the production of high-affinity phosphate transporters and the synthesis of intracellular and extracellular phosphatases. ...
Hong Wanjin - - 2005
SNAREs (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors) are now generally accepted to be the major players in the final stage of the docking and the subsequent fusion of diverse vesicle-mediated transport events. The SNARE-mediated process is conserved evolutionally from yeast to human, as well as mechanistically and structurally across different ...
Chang Cheng - - 2005
The organic anion transporting polypeptides OATPs are key membrane transporters for which crystal structures are not currently available. They transport a diverse array of xenobiotics and are expressed at the interface of hepatocytes, renal tubular cells, enterocytes, and the choroid plexus. To aid the understanding of the key molecular features ...
Asano Nagayoshi - - 2006
During pregnancy, the zinc level in fetal serum is up to two-fold higher than that in the maternal serum at the end of pregnancy, but the mechanism of zinc release from the placenta into fetal circulation is not well understood. In this study, we determined the expression profiles of zinc ...
Takamoto Kozo - - 2005
Megalin, a family of endocytic receptors related to the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor, is a major pathway for proximal tubular aminoglycoside accumulation. We previously reported that aminoglycoside antibiotics reduce SGLT1-dependent glucose transport in pig proximal tubular epithelial LLC-PK1 cells in parallel with the order of their nephrotoxicity. In this study, ...
Maragakis Nicholas J - - 2005
We have examined the expression of glutamate transporters in primary and immortalized glial precursors (GRIPs). We subsequently transduced these cells with the GLT1 glutamate transporter and examined the ability of these cells to protect motor neurons in an organotypic spinal cord culture. We show that glial restricted precursors and GRIP-derived ...
Hayes Derek - - 2005
Transport of L-cystine across the cell membrane is essential for synthesis of the major cellular antioxidant, glutathione (gamma-glutamylcysteinylglycine). In this study, uptake of L-[14C]cystine by three of the high affinity sodium-dependent mammalian glutamate transporters (GLT1, GLAST and EAAC1) individually expressed in HEK cells has been determined. All three transporters display ...
Landowski Christopher P - - 2005
Floxuridine is a clinically proven anticancer agent in the treatment of metastatic colon carcinomas and hepatic metastases. However, prodrug strategies may be necessary to improve its physiochemical properties and selectivity and to reduce undesirable toxicity effects. Previous studies with amino acid ester prodrugs of nucleoside drugs targeted to the PEPT1 ...
Zhang Yanhong - - 2005
This review will focus on the transport and intracellular formation of S-nitrosothiols in cell culture models. The major points made in this article are: (1) S-Nitrosothiols are actively metabolized by cells. (2) S-Nitrosothiols affect cells in ways distinctly different from those of nitric oxide and can act through mechanisms that ...
Chanteux Hugues - - 2005
Pivampicillin (PIVA), an acyloxymethylester of ampicillin, is thought to enhance the oral bioavailability of ampicillin because of its greater lipophilicity compared to that of ampicillin. The fate of PIVA in intestinal cells and the exact location of its conversion into ampicillin have, however, never been unambiguously established. Polarized Caco-2 cells ...
Palm Fredrik - - 2005
Renal medullary tubular cells in the loop of Henle have crucial importance for the regulation of homeostasis of the extracellular fluid. These cells receive limited amount of blood and oxygen, and are also constantly challenged by the hypertonic environment. The medullary tubular cells in the last part of the loop ...
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