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Results 351 - 400 of 1921
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del Mónaco Silvana - - 2008
The present study was performed to assay sodium currents in BeWo cells. These cells comprise a human trophoblast cell line which displays many of the biochemical and morphological properties similar to those reported for the in uterus proliferative cytotrophoblast. For whole-cell patch-clamp experiments, BeWo cells treated for 12 h with ...
Li Ai - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To re-confirm and characterize the biophysical and pharmacological properties of endogenously expressed human acid-sensing ion channel 1a (hASIC1a) current in HEK293 cells with a modified perfusion methods. METHODS: With cell floating method, which is separating the cultured cell from coverslip and putting the cell in front of perfusion tubing, ...
Roy Jeremy - - 2008
Pharmacological inhibitors of the human ether-a-go-go (hEAG) potassium channel, astemizole and imipramine, have been used to demonstrate that hEAG plays a role in cancer cell proliferation. Astemizole and imipramine are, however, relatively non-specific ion channel blockers, as astemizole can also block the related potassium channel, human ether-a-go-go-related (hERG). Therefore, we ...
El Boustany Charbel - - 2008
Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) is the main Ca(2+) influx pathway involved in controlling proliferation of the human hepatoma cell lines Huh-7 and HepG2. However, the molecular nature of the calcium channels involved in this process remains unknown. Huh-7 and HepG2 cells express transient receptor potential canonical 1 (TRPC1) and TRPC6, ...
Wang Bingxian - - 2008
Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) associated with the myenteric plexus of the small intestine are crucial players in gut physiology performing pacemaker functions and directing peristalsis and segmentation. ICC have been studied after chemical isolation and under culture conditions, but concerns that these methods affect the intrinsic properties have hindered ...
Shirahata Takaaki - - 2008
Rabbit A-type retinal horizontal cells are classified into at least two types: cells that generate repetitive action potentials and those that do not. A mathematical model of these two types of cells based on the ionic current mechanisms has been proposed. Although the response of the former cell to 1-s ...
Poulopoulou C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Alterations in glutamate homeostasis and Kv1.3 voltage-gated potassium channel function have been independently associated with T cell dysfunction, whereas selective blockade of Kv1.3 channels inhibits T cell activation and improves T cell-mediated manifestations in animal models of autoimmunity. Because low extracellular glutamate concentrations enhance the activity of this channel ...
Park Sung-Hee - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the expression level of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels in smooth muscle cells in human uterine leiomyoma and the involvement of the channel in potentiating effect of estrogen on leiomyoma growth. METHODS: Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), real-time PCR and Western ...
Barr Valarie A - - 2008
The proteins STIM1 and Orai1 are the long sought components of the store-operated channels required in T-cell activation. However, little is known about the interaction of these proteins in T-cells after engagement of the T-cell receptor. We found that T-cell receptor engagement caused STIM1 and Orai1 to colocalize in puncta ...
Xu Meng - - 2008
The cardiac electrophysiological effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on pacemaker cells in sinoatrial (SA) nodes of rabbits were examined using intracellular microelectrode technique. The results obtained were as follows: (1) The velocity of diastolic (phase 4) depolarization (VDD) and rate of pacemaker firing (RPF) in normal pacemaker cells in SA ...
Calvet James P - - 2008
The many hundreds of cysts that grow and expand and ultimately overwhelm and destroy polycystic kidneys arise from the slow but unrelenting proliferation of tubular epithelial cells, eventually giving rise to very large, thin-walled, fluid-filled structures. The growth of these cystic bodies requires two processes: Cell proliferation and fluid secretion. ...
Huang Yijen A - - 2008
Taste buds contain two types of cells that directly participate in taste transduction - receptor (Type II) cells and presynaptic (Type III) cells. Receptor cells respond to sweet, bitter and umami taste stimulation but until recently the identity of cells that respond directly to sour (acid) tastants has only been ...
Ramos A J - - 2008
The syncytiotrophoblast of the human placenta arises from fusion of stem cells called cytotrophoblasts. The molecular mechanisms associated with cell fusion and syncytiation of cytotrophoblastic cells remain largely unknown. In the present study, we investigated the morphological and electrical properties of BeWo cells, a human choriocarcinoma-derived trophoblast cell model, with ...
Aguiari G - - 2008
Polycystin-1 (PC1), a signalling receptor regulating Ca(2+)-permeable cation channels, is mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, which is typically characterized by increased cell proliferation. However, the precise mechanisms by which PC1 functions on Ca(2+) homeostasis, signalling and cell proliferation remain unclear. Here, we investigated the possible role of PC1 ...
Urisu Tsuneo - - 2008
A new planar-type ion channel biosensor with the function of cell culture has been fabricated using silicon on an insulator substrate as the sensor chip material. Coating of the sensor chip with fibronectin was essentially important for cell incubation on the chip. Although the seal resistance was quite low (approximately ...
Li J - - 2008
Small-scale clinical trials show that treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with ibuprofen, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, improves the symptoms of CF and slows down the decline of lung function. Paradoxically, ibuprofen inhibits ligand-stimulated CF transmembrance conductance regulator (CFTR) activity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ...
Suzuki Yuko - - 2008
Sox2, which encodes an HMG box transcription factor, is known to regulate the differentiation of progenitor cells of the tongue into taste bud cells versus keratinocytes during development. To determine the neural dependence of Sox2 expression, glossopharyngeal nerves of mice were cut bilaterally. In unoperated mice, the expression of Sox2 ...
Roncarati Renza - - 2008
Heterologous functional expression of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) is difficult to achieve in mammalian cell lines, and the reasons have been associated with a lack of expression of the putative chaperone factor RIC-3. Here, we describe the generation and functional and pharmacological characterization of a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 ...
Jones Sandra A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A common source of arrhythmogenic spontaneous activity instigating atrial fibrillation is the myocardial tissue, or sleeves, at the base of the pulmonary veins. This study compared the properties of cells from the myocardial sleeves of the pulmonary veins (PV(m)) with cells from the normal cardiac pacemaker (the sinoatrial node) ...
Ponpon, J.P.
Schottky barriers on N-type cadmium telluride have been studied in view of application to solar cells. The barrier heights, as determined by the photoresponse and forward current measurements show a linear dependence upon the metal work function. Barrier heights up to 0.90 eV have been reached for Pt-CdTe contacts. Open ...
Li Longkun - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the activity of large- and small-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BKCa, SKCa) and calcium-activated chloride channels (ClCa) in detrusor overactivity (DO) cells after partial bladder outlet obstruction (PBOO) in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen female Wistar rats with DO caused by PBOO were studied simultaneously with eight sham-operated ...
Wu Sheng-Nan - - 2008
The properties of slowly inactivating delayed-rectifier K+ current (I(K)(dr)) were investigated in NG108-15 neuronal cells differentiated with long-term exposure to dibutyryl cyclic AMP. Slowly inactivating I(K)(dr) could be elicited by prolonged depolarizations from -50 to +50 mV. These outward K+ currents were found to decay at potentials above -20 mV, ...
Borthwick Lee Anthony - - 2008
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterised by impaired epithelial ion transport and is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis conductance regulator protein (CFTR), a cAMP/PKA and ATP-regulated chloride channel. We recently demonstrated a cAMP/PKA/calcineurin (CnA)-driven association between annexin 2 (anx 2), its cognate partner -S100A10 and cell surface CFTR. The ...
Lioudyno Maria I - - 2008
For efficient development of an immune response, T lymphocytes require long-lasting calcium influx through calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channels and the formation of a stable immunological synapse (IS) with the antigen-presenting cell (APC). Recent RNAi screens have identified Stim and Orai in Drosophila cells, and their corresponding mammalian homologs STIM1 ...
Sato Toshihide - - 2008
We compared the electrical properties and gustatory response profiles of types Ia cell (mucus cell), Ib cell (wing cell), and II/III cell (receptor cell) in the taste disks of the frog fungiform papillae. The large depolarizing responses of all types of cell induced by 1 M NaCl were accompanied by ...
Bomben V C - - 2008
Glial-derived primary brain tumours, gliomas, are among the fastest growing malignancies and present a huge clinical challenge. Research suggests an important, yet poorly understood, role of ion channels in growth control of normal and malignant cells. In this study, we sought to functionally characterize Transient Receptor Potential Canoncial (TRPC) channels ...
Chung, Yeonbae
In this Paper, a new FRAM design technique utilizing grounded-plate PMOS-gate (GPPG) ferroelectric cell is proposed. A GPPG cell consists of a PMOS access transistor and a ferroelectric data storage capacitor. Its plate is grounded. The proposed architecture employs three novel methods for cell operation: 1) <TEX>$V_{DD}$</TEX> -precharged bitline, 2) ...
Spitzner Melanie - - 2008
Ion channels like voltage-gated ether-á-go-go (Eag1) K(+) channels or Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels have been shown to support cell proliferation. Bestrophin 1 (Best1) has been proposed to form Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channels in epithelial cells. Here we show that original T(84) colonic carcinoma cells grow slowly (T(84)-slow) and express low amounts of ...
Meuth Sven G - - 2008
Two-pore domain K(+) channels, a recently discovered family of ion channels with a unique membrane topology, have been shown to be critically involved in cell death. We here address the functional role of TASK3 (TWIK-related acid-sensitive K(+) channel, KCNK9) in human glioblastoma in vitro and in vivo. Human glioma cell ...
Glover-Collins Katherine - - 2008
Although the breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1) protein is predominantly nuclear, its localization can vary during the cell cycle in response to cellular insults. For example, in S-phase cells, BRCA1 forms subnuclear foci and localizes to the perinuclear region in response to DNA damage. The present study provides evidence ...
Kusters J M A M - - 2008
We have investigated synchronization and propagation of calcium oscillations, mediated by gap junctional excitation transmission. For that purpose we used an experimentally based model of normal rat kidney (NRK) cells, electrically coupled in a one-dimensional configuration (linear strand). Fibroblasts such as NRK cells can form an excitable syncytium and generate ...
Esmaeily, A
The feasibility of using electrokinetic processes for dewatering and fecal coliform (FC) inactivation Was evaluated on a bench scale. Six electrokinetic cells were filled with biosolids from an attached growth biological wastewater treatment plant in Auteuil, Quebec. A conditioning liquid containing nitrate and ammonia was also added to two cells. ...
Van herle, Jan
This paper reports on medium term tests of anode-supported five-cell short stacks, as well as on some separate anode development. Two stacks were operated under steady-state conditions: one with unprotected metal interconnects, H2 fuel and 0.35Acm−2 (40% fuel utilisation) polarisation current showed an average cell voltage degradation of 56mV per ...
Fukushima, Kentaro
This paper mentions the static characteristics of pulse-link DC-AC converter for fuel cells, and considers the input current-ripple reduction method. Fuel cells have weakness about current-ripple because the chemical reaction time is much slower than commercial frequency. Therefore, the input current-ripple reduction is essential factor in the DC-AC converter for ...
Zierler Susanna - - 2008
Lamellipodium extension and retraction is the driving force for cell migration. Although several studies document that activation of chloride channels are essential in cell migration, little is known about their contribution in lamellipodium formation. To address this question, we characterized chloride channels and transporters by whole cell recording and RT-PCR, ...
McKay Neil G - - 2008
This chapter describes a method of assaying rubidium (Rb(+)) efflux as a measure of potassium channel activity. In this assay, rubidium acts as a tracer for potassium movement across the cell membrane. HEK 293 cells expressing the alpha subunit of the human brain large-conductance, voltage-activated, calcium-sensitive potassium channel (BK channel) ...
Li M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of chloride channels in cell proliferation and cell cycles of human ovarian cancer cell line A2780. METHODS: Chloride channel blockers were used to observe the effects of chloride channels on A2780 cells with MTT assay and flow cytometry. RESULTS: NPPB (100 microM) significantly inhibited the ...
Yamada Mayumi - - 2008
Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) have demonstrated the ability to restore the injured myocardium. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has emerged as one of the predominant imaging modalities to assess the restoration of the injured myocardium. Furthermore, ex-vivo labeling agents, such as iron-oxide nanoparticles, have been employed to track and localize ...
Vandenbeuch Aurelie - - 2008
Taste buds are the sensory organs of taste perception. Three types of taste cells have been described. Type I cells have voltage-gated outward currents, but lack voltage-gated inward currents. These cells have been presumed to play only a support role in the taste bud. Type II cells have voltage-gated Na+ ...
Verkerk Arie O AO Department of Physiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. - - 2008
The development of a genetically engineered 'biological pacemaker', or 'bio-pacemaker', is a rapidly emerging field of research. One of the approaches in this field is to turn intrinsically quiescent myocardial cells, i.e., atrial or ventricular cells, into pacemaker cells by making them express the cardiac hyperpolarization-activated 'pacemaker current' If (known ...
Zhou Li-Bin - - 2007
To investigate the electrophysiological effects of 17beta-estradiol on pacemaker cells in sinoatrial (SA) nodes of rabbits and the underlying mechanism, intracellular microelectrode technique was used to record action potential (AP) in SA node cells of rabbits. The results showed that: (1) 17beta-estradiol (1, 10, 100 mumol/L) not only significantly decreased ...
Kataoka Shinji - - 2008
The transient receptor potential channel, PKD2L1, is reported to be a candidate receptor for sour taste based on molecular biological and functional studies. Here, we investigated the expression pattern of PKD2L1-immunoreactivity (IR) in taste buds of the mouse. PKD2L1-IR is present in a few elongate cells in each taste bud ...
Juska Alfonsas - - 2008
The aim of this work was to obtain experimental data depending on the properties of calcium stores and SERCAs, to analyse these data in terms of the models based on simulation of the cellular compartments as communicating vessels, and to relate this way the data to the above properties. The ...
Kaneko, Yuko
Thesis (Ph.D. in Science)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 1332, 1995.3.23
Zorn-Pauly Klaus - - 2007
LPSs trigger the development of sepsis by gram-negative bacteria and cause a variety of biological effects on host cells, including alterations on ionic channels. Because heart rate variability is reduced in human sepsis and endotoxemia, we hypothesized that LPS affects the pacemaker current I(f) in human heart, which might--at least ...
Ohkubo Yasuhiro - - 2007
Vallate taste buds in the guinea-pig tongue were immunohistochemically investigated with regard to the colocalization of gustducin with calbindin-D28K (=spot 35 protein) and type III inositol triphosphate receptor (IP(3)R-3) in order to characterize gustducin-immunoreactive cells. Individual taste bud cells ranged from totally immunopositive to totally immunonegative for these three molecules. ...
Verkerk A O - - 2007
Gender disparities in the incidence of torsade de pointes (TdP) ventricular tachycardia exist, but the mechanisms in humans are unresolved. We addressed this issue using a mathematical model of a human ventricular cell. We implemented gender differences in the Priebe-Beuckelmann model cell by modifying the amplitudes of the L-type Ca(2+) ...
Higashimori Haruki - - 2007
The inwardly rectifying potassium channel Kir4.1 is widely expressed by astrocytes throughout the brain. Kir4.1 channels are absent in immature, proliferating glial cells. The progressive expression of Kir4.1 correlates with astrocyte differentiation and is characterized by the establishment of a negative membrane potential (> -70 mV) and an exit from ...
Qu Yang - - 2008
The hyperpolarization-activated cation current (I(f)), and the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-modulated 'HCN' subunits that underlie it, are important components of spontaneous activity in the embryonic mouse heart, but whether they contribute to this activity in mouse embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes has not been investigated. We address this issue in spontaneously beating ...
Takeda Yukari Y Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Reno, NV 89557, - - 2008
Two distinct populations of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) exist within the tunica muscularis of the gastric antrum, and these cells serve different physiological functions. One population of ICC generates and actively propagates electrical slow waves, and the other population of ICC is innervated by excitatory and inhibitory motor neurons ...
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