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Results 201 - 250 of 1920
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Sato Toshihide - - 2010
Temperature sensitivity of frog taste cells was studied. The taste cell designated Type thermosensitive (TS) I cell was depolarized by warm stimulus at 30 degrees C and hyperpolarized by cold stimulus at 10 degrees C. The taste cell designated Type TS II cell was depolarized by the cold stimulus and ...
Liang Zhiyin - - 2010
In the vertebrate visual system, ON cells respond to positive contrasts and OFF cells respond to negative contrasts, and thus both ON and OFF cells exhibit rectification. We investigated the retinal circuits by which the ON pathway rectifies the OFF pathway. White noise was projected onto an in vitro preparation ...
Ajonuma Louis Chukwuemeka - - 2010
Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular Gram-negative pathogen affecting over 600 million people worldwide with 92 million new cases occurring globally each year. C. trachomatis enter the cells and replicate to infect different tissues/organs, giving rise to a spectrum of pathological conditions; however, the exact mechanism or receptor(s) for their ...
Zhao Qinghui - - 2010
This study aims to investigate the interaction between calcium silicate/calcium phosphate cement (CS/CPC) and osteogenesis, in particular the in vitro osteoblast-like and endothelial cells' response to CS/CPC. The effect of CS/CPC on cell attachment, proliferation and differentiation of murine osteoblast-like cell MC3T3-E1, as well as the influence on the cell ...
Wang Tongguang - - 2010
There is a great need for pharmacological approaches to enhance neural progenitor cell (NPC) function particularly in neuroinflammatory diseases with failed neuroregeneration. In diseases such as multiple sclerosis and stroke, T-cell infiltration occurs in periventricular zones where NPCs are located and is associated with irreversible neuronal loss. We studied the ...
Ortega-Sáenz Patricia - - 2010
Background K(+) channels of the TASK family are believed to participate in sensory transduction by chemoreceptor (glomus) cells of the carotid body (CB). However, studies on the systemic CB-mediated ventilatory response to hypoxia and hypercapnia in TASK1- and/or TASK3-deficient mice have yielded conflicting results. We have characterized the glomus cell ...
Rodriguez Andrea P - - 2010
In recent years, calcium titanate (CaTiO(3)) and carbon-containing materials have gained much attention in a number of biomedical material researches. To maximize the advantages of both materials, we developed a novel alkoxide method to get "calcium titanate with calcium carbonate" (CaTiO(3)-CaCO(3)). The objective was to evaluate the crystallinity and elemental ...
Chiung Yin-Mei - - 2010
Occupational exposure to toluene diisocyanats (TDI) may cause asthma. In asthma patients, the allergic syndromes correlate cytokine production with the elevation in cytosolic calcium concentration [Ca(2+)](c) of lymphocytes in airway. We previously found TDI induces calcium signaling in neuronal cells. TDI mainly gets into human body via inhalation; therefore this ...
Huang Yuelong - - 2010
The performance of tubular microbial fuel cells (MFC) with and without Nafion solution as binding agent for the cathode catalyst preparation was investigated using different electrochemical techniques. The current output of both types of MFCs was monitored as a function of time using an external resistor. The current did not ...
Vukcevic Mirko - - 2010
Spontaneous Ca(2+) oscillations have been observed in a number of excitable and non-excitable cells, but in most cases their biological role remains elusive. In the present study we demonstrate that spontaneous Ca(2+) oscillations occur in immature human monocyte-derived dendritic cells but not in dendritic cells stimulated to undergo maturation with ...
Rowe S M - - 2010
We examined the activity of DeltaF508 cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) stably expressed in polarized cystic fibrosis bronchial epithelial cells (CFBE41o(-)) human airway cells and Fisher Rat Thyroid (FRT) cells following treatment with low temperature and a panel of small molecule correctors of DeltaF508 CFTR misprocessing. Corr-4a increased DeltaF508 ...
Klesing J - - 2010
The charge of nanoparticles influences their ability to pass through the cellular membrane, and a positive charge should be beneficial. The negative charge of calcium phosphate nanoparticles with an inner shell of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) was reversed by adding an outer shell of poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) into which the photoactive dye ...
O'Brien P G - - 2010
Wave-optics analysis is performed to investigate the benefits of utilizing Bragg-reflectors and inverted ZnO opals as intermediate reflectors in micromorph cells. The Bragg-reflector and the inverted ZnO opal intermediate reflector increase the current generated in a 100 nm thick upper a-Si:H cell within a micromorph cell by as much as ...
Wongsamitkul Nisa - - 2010
PURPOSE: The present study examined the effects and mechanisms of actions of penta-m-digalloyl-glucose (PDG), a hydrolysable tannin extracted from Chinese gallnut, on cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein (CFTR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fisher rat thyroid cells stably expressing human CFTR (FRT cells) and human intestinal T84 cells were used as ...
Park Jung-Ae - - 2010
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effect of etched microgrooves on the hydrophilicity of Ti and osteoblast responses. Microgrooves were applied on Ti to have 15 and 60 µm width, and 3.5 and 10 µm depth by photolithography, respectively. Further acid etching was applied to create ...
Okuyama Tomoaki - - 2010
We describe the use of a microfluidic device to micropattern cells in a microchannel and investigated the behavior of these cells under a concentration gradient. The microfluidic device consisted of 3 parts: a branched channel for generating a stable concentration gradient, a main channel for culturing cells, and 2 side ...
Nobles Muriel - - 2010
An inwardly rectifying K(+) current is present in atrial cardiac myocytes that is activated by acetylcholine (I(KACh)). Physiologically, activation of the current in the SA node is important in slowing the heart rate with increased parasympathetic tone. It is a paradigm for the direct regulation of signaling effectors by the ...
Bystrova Marina F - - 2010
Three types of morphologically and functionally distinct taste cells operate in the mammalian taste bud. We demonstrate here the expression of two G-protein-coupled receptors from the family C, CASR and GPRC6A, in the taste tissue and identify transcripts for both receptors in type I cells, no transcripts in type II ...
LeSimple Pierre - - 2010
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is an integral membrane glycoprotein which functions as an anion channel and influences diverse cellular processes. We studied its role in the development of epithelial tightness by expressing wild-type (WT-CFTR) or mutant (Delta F508-CFTR) CFTR in human airway epithelial cell monolayers cultured at ...
Sotthibandhu Pongsiwa - - 2010
There have been a number of studies which have categorized cells of feline taste buds: Types I, II, III and IV; however, few studies have examined whether feline taste bud cell types differ from each other histochemically. The goal of the present study is to figure out what kinds of ...
Richie-Jannetta Robyn - - 2010
2-Arachidonoylglycerol is oxygenated by cyclooxygenase-2 to form prostaglandin glyceryl esters. Previous work in this laboratory has suggested that PGE(2)-G activates a novel G protein-coupled receptor in a murine macrophage-like cell line, RAW 264.7. To probe the structural determinants for the putative receptor in RAW 264.7 cells, a panel of 10 ...
Han Yi - - 2010
Cardiac c-kit(+) cells are generally believed to be the major population of stem/progenitor cells in the heart and can be used as a cell source for cardiomyoplasty; however, the cellular electrophysiological properties are not understood in this type of cells. The present study was designed to investigate functional ion channels ...
Liu Pei-Shan - - 2010
Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), an endocrine disruptor present in the environment, exerts its genomic effects via intracellular steroid receptors and elicits non-genomic effects by interfering with membrane ion-channel receptors. We previously found that BBP blocks the calcium signaling coupled with P2X receptors in PC12 cells (Liu & Chen, 2006). Osteoblast ...
Bertrand J - - 2010
One of the major therapeutic strategy in cystic fibrosis aims at developing modulators of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channels. We recently discovered methylglyoxal alpha-aminoazaheterocycle adducts, as a new family of CFTR inhibitors. In a structure-activity relationship study, we have now identified GPact-11a, a compound able not to inhibit ...
Montechiaro Federico - - 2010
In the CO2-richer world that awaits us, the impact of elevated pCO2 on the allocation of resources in phytoplankton may have profound repercussions on the physiology of the microalgae and on the ecology of the ecosystems of which they are part. We studied the overall physiology and cell composition of ...
Hartveit Espen - - 2010
Accurate measurement of the junctional conductance (G(j)) between electrically coupled cells can provide important information about the functional properties of coupling. With the development of tight-seal, whole-cell recording, it became possible to use dual, single-electrode voltage-clamp recording from pairs of small cells to measure G(j). Experiments that require reduced perturbation ...
Wongsamitkul Nisa - - 2010
PURPOSE: The present study examined the effects and mechanisms of actions of penta-m-digalloyl-glucose (PDG), a hydrolysable tannin extracted from Chinese gallnut, on cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein (CFTR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fisher rat thyroid cells stably expressing human CFTR (FRT cells) and human intestinal T84 cells were used as ...
Pedemonte Nicoletta - - 2010
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the CFTR chloride channel. Deletion of phenylalanine 508 (F508del), the most frequent CF mutation, impairs the maturation and gating of the CFTR protein. Such defects may be corrected in vitro by pharmacological modulators named as correctors and potentiators, respectively. We have evaluated ...
Meng Xin - - 2010
Measles virus Edmonston strain (MV-Edm) is thought to have remarkable oncolytic activity that selectively destroys human tumor cells. The P/V/C protein of wild-type MV was shown to resist the antiviral effects of interferon (IFN)-alpha. Here, we engineered new MVs by arming MV-Edm tag strain (a V-defective vaccine-lineage strain, MV-Etag) with ...
Steiner Florian - - 2010
Ion channels are membrane proteins that gate the flow of ions into and out of a cell. They are present in the membranes of human, animal, plant, and bacterial cells. They are profoundly involved in diverse tasks ranging from neuronal functions to hormonal secretion and cell division. Biophysical characterization and ...
Abou Neel Ensanya A - - 2010
This study challenged to produce phosphate-based glasses (PBG) for the treatment of osseous defects. The glasses contained, among other components, 40 mol% CaO and 1-5 mol% TiO(2). The mechanical performance and in vitro biocompatibility using both human osteosarcoma and primary osteoblasts were carried out. Incorporation of TiO(2) into PBG had no significant ...
Iordan Andreea - - 2010
Collagen model tissues, consisting of cells embedded in a collagen matrix at different concentrations (of cells and collagen) were analyzed. Rheological properties were measured and complementary confocal microscopy analysis carried out. An important feature, corresponding to the breakdown of the collagen network (i.e., decrease in network elasticity) was observed at ...
Sun Yubo - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Calcium crystals exist in the knee joint fluid of up to 65% of osteoarthritis (OA) patients and the presence of these calcium crystals correlates with the radiographic evidence of hyaline cartilaginous degeneration. This study sought to examine calcium deposition in OA meniscus and to investigate OA meniscal cell-mediated calcium ...
Yoshida Ryusuke - - 2010
Taste receptor cells detect chemical compounds in the oral cavity and transfer their messages to gustatory afferent nerve fibers. Considering the coding of taste information, the sensitivity of taste cells and the connection between taste cells and gustatory fibers may be critical in this process. Broadly tuned taste cells and ...
Quian Quiroga Rodrigo - - 2010
The current authors reply to a response by Bowers on a comment by the current authors on the original article. A typical problem in any discussion about grandmother cells is that there is not a general consensus about what should be called as such. Here, we discuss possible interpretations in ...
Sinclair Michael S - - 2010
The neuropeptide, oxytocin (OXT), acts on brain circuits to inhibit food intake. Mutant mice lacking OXT (OXT knockout) overconsume salty and sweet (i.e. sucrose, saccharin) solutions. We asked if OXT might also act on taste buds via its receptor, OXTR. Using RT-PCR, we detected the expression of OXTR in taste ...
Chen Hsiang-Chin - - 2010
TRPM7 is a ubiquitous divalent-selective ion channel with its own kinase domain. Recent studies have shown that suppression of TRPM7 protein expression by RNA interference increases resistance to ischemia-induced neuronal cell death in vivo and in vitro, making the channel a potentially attractive pharmacological target for molecular intervention. Here, we ...
MacMullan Paul A - - 2010
Articular calcification correlates with osteoarthritis (OA) severity but its exact role in the disease process is unclear. In examining OA meniscal cell function, Sun and colleagues have shown recently that meniscal cells from end-stage OA subjects can generate calcium crystals and that genes involved in calcification are upregulated in OA ...
Rolli Claudio G - - 2010
Cell migration is a fundamental feature of the interaction of cells with their surrounding. The cell's stiffness and ability to deform itself are two major characteristics that rule migration behavior especially in three-dimensional tissue. We simulate this situation making use of a micro-fabricated migration chip to test the active invasive ...
Nguyen Ha M - - 2010
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4 (BMP4) is a diffusible factor which regulates embryonic taste organ development. However, the role of BMP4 in taste buds of adult mice is unknown. We utilized transgenic mice with LacZ under the control of the BMP4 promoter to reveal the expression of BMP4 in the tongues ...
Lassance-Soares Roberta M - - 2010
This study tested the hypotheses that the hypertonic environment of the renal medulla regulates the expression of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein (CFTR) and its natural splice variant, TNR-CFTR. To accomplish this, Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) stable cell lines expressing TNR-CFTR or CFTR were used. The cells were treated ...
Cohn Zachary J ZJ Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3308, - - 2010
The mammalian taste bud, a complex collection of taste sensory cells, supporting cells, and immature basal cells, is the structural unit for detecting taste stimuli in the oral cavity. Even though the cells of the taste bud undergo constant turnover, the structural homeostasis of the bud is maintained by balancing ...
Xiao Yan - - 2010
Trpp5 is one member of the polycystic kidney disease (PKD) family, which belongs to transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily. Our previous study has shown that Trpp5 is developmentally expressed in mouse testis and overexpression of Trpp5 increases intracellular free calcium concentration in MDCK cells. However, the roles of this protein ...
Koshiba Taichi - - 2010
Boron (B) deprivation induces various responses in plant cells, some of which can be observed very early. However, it has been unknown what kind of signal is generated by the stress. We found that B deprivation induced the expression of stress-responsive genes within 1 h in suspension-cultured tobacco BY-2 cells. ...
Dando Robin - - 2009
Isolated taste cells, taste buds and strips of lingual tissue from taste papillae secrete ATP upon taste stimulation. Taste bud receptor (Type II) cells have been identified as the source of ATP secretion. Based on studies on isolated taste buds and single taste cells, we have postulated that ATP secreted ...
Dvoryanchikov Gennady - - 2009
Cells in taste buds are closely packed, with little extracellular space. Tight junctions and other barriers further limit permeability and may result in buildup of extracellular K(+) following action potentials. In many tissues, inwardly rectifying K channels such as the renal outer medullary K (ROMK) channel (also called Kir1.1 and ...
Antoniadou Maria - - 2009
Hybrid solar cells have been constructed by using nanocrystalline titania and hole-transporting polymers. Titania was deposited on fluorine-doped tin-oxide transparent electrodes in three layers: a blocking layer and two nanostructured layers, giving densely packed or open structures. Open structures produced higher currents due to better polymer penetration and larger oxide-polymer ...
Limbourg Anne - - 2009
Cell therapy is a promising approach to improve cardiac function in patients with ischemic heart disease. Beneficial effects of cell therapy have been shown in experimental studies and clinical trials. However, with current treatment strategies the therapeutic effect is limited. In the current article, critical aspects of cell therapy are ...
Sutiagin P V - - 2009
The presence of action potentials of working atrial cardiomyocytes among action potentials of true and latent pacemakers was revealed in the part of bidimentional maps of distribution of action potentials of sinoatrial node cells on the frontal surface of the right atrium under conditions of short-term culturing using intracellular glass ...
Yang Yang - - 2009
Bridges for treatment of the injured spinal cord must stabilize the injury site to prevent secondary damage and create a permissive environment that promotes regeneration. The host response to the bridge is central to creating a permissive environment, as the cell types that respond to the injury have the potential ...
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