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Zhang Peng - - 2010
To address whether hepcidin functions in bone metabolism. This study was carried out in the Laboratory of Radiation Medicine and Public Health of Soochow University, and the Laboratory of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China, from September 2009 to July 2010. The positive expression of ferroportin-1 (Fpn-1) ...
Tetè Stefano - - 2010
The aim of the study is to investigate human osteoblast-like cell behavior and growth in the presence of 3 different titanium implant surfaces. Human stem cells were first obtained and then sorted by fluorescence-activated cell sorter from mesenchymal stem cell clusters of human dental papilla. The obtained human dental papilla ...
Quercioli Alessandra - - 2010
Atherosclerotic plaque calcification represents a common pathophysiologic process in the advanced phases of the disease. Both inflammatory and vascular cells (such as osteoblast-like cells, osteoclast-like cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, smooth muscle cells, and endothelial cells) are active players in the balance between intraplaque bone deposition and resorption. Inflammatory processes underlying ...
Mousavi Behruz - - 2010
Immediate tooth replantation is the choice of treatment in tooth avulsion. When it is impossible to replant immediately an appropriate medium must be used to maintain periodontal ligament (PDL) cell viability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of standard Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) as a new ...
Jönsson D - - 2011
Jönsson D, Nebel D, Bratthall G, Nilsson B-O. The human periodontal ligament cell: a fibroblast-like cell acting as an immune cell. J Periodont Res 2011; 46: 153-157. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S Background:  Periodontal ligament cells are fibroblast-like cells characterized by collagen production but also possessing some osteoblastic ...
Calzado-Martín A - - 2011
Patterned surfaces direct cell spatial dynamics, yielding cells oriented along the surface geometry, in a process known as contact guidance. The Rho family of GTPases controls the assembly of focal adhesions and cytoskeleton dynamics, but its role in modulating bone-cell alignment on patterned surfaces remains unknown. This article describes the ...
Lau Yuen-Ting - - 2011
Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can uniquely proliferate indefinitely and differentiate into all cell lineages. ESCs may therefore provide an unlimited supply of cells for cell-based therapies. Previous study reported the presence of hyperpolarization-activated inward currents in undifferentiated mouse (m) ESCs, but the functional role of this hyperpolarization-activated current in mESCs ...
Liu Lifeng - - 2011
A recent prospective study indicated that melatonin supplements may reduce the progression of idiopathic scoliosis, the most common deformity of the spine. This form of scoliosis occurs during rapid skeletal growth. To date, however, there is no direct evidence regarding an antiproliferative effect of melatonin at the level of osteoblasts. ...
García-Martínez Olga - - 2010
Anti-inflammatories are divided between steroidal and non-steroidal drugs according to their chemical nature. They are frequently used in combination to achieve analgesia and reduce inflammation after surgery, especially when bone tissue is affected. However, their effects on bone level are not well known, and results of the scant studies in ...
Sengupta Sejuti S Biomedical Engineering, School of Engineering, Tufts University, 4 Colby Street, Medford, Massachussets 02155, United - - 2010
The degradation of silk protein films by human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), osteoblasts and osteoclasts, cells involved in osteogenic functions in normal and diseased bone, was assessed in vitro. The involvement of specific matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and integrin signaling in the degradation process was determined. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and ...
Bisceglia Bruno - - 2011
Low-frequency (LF) electric fields (EFs) are currently used in clinical therapies of several bone diseases to increase bone regenerative processes. To identify possible molecular mechanisms involved in these processes, we evaluated the effects on cell cultures of 1 h exposures to the signal generated by an apparatus of current clinical use ...
Leong Fong Yew - - 2011
Cell entry into a micro-channel has potential applications in cell sorting and cancer diagnostics. In this paper, we numerically model breast cancer cell entry into a constricted micro-channel. Our results indicate that the cell velocity decreases during entry and increases after entry, an observation in agreement with experiments. We found ...
Bisceglia Bruno - - 2010
Low-frequency (LF) electric fields (EFs) are currently used in clinical therapies of several bone diseases to increase bone regenerative processes. To identify possible molecular mechanisms involved in these processes, we evaluated the effects on cell cultures of 1 h exposures to the signal generated by an apparatus of current clinical use ...
Hall Christopher L CL Department of Urology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2010
Osteoblastic bone metastases are the most common metastases produced by human prostate cancers (PCa). Deregulated activity of Wnt growth factors resulting from overexpression of the Wnt inhibitor Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) is known to contribute to formation of the osteoblastic component of PCa skeletal bone metastases. In this study, we report that ...
Jia C Y - - 2011
The adsorption of Mycobacterium Phlei cells on the surfaces of pyrite and sphalerite was studied as functions of time and pH. The results indicated that a higher amount of cells adsorbing onto pyrite compared with that onto sphalerite under neutral and alkaline conditions, and it was also observed from photographs ...
Cheng Yen-Ju - - 2010
A poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)-based inverted solar cell using indene-C60 bis-adduct (ICBA) as the acceptor achieved a high open-circuit voltage of 0.82 V due to ICBA's higher-lying lowest unoccupied molecular orbital level, leading to an exceptional power-conversion efficiency (PCE) of 4.8%. By incorporating a cross-linked fullerene interlayer, C-PCBSD, to further modulate the ...
Wu Yanhua - - 2010
Laser trapping with optical tweezers is a noninvasive manipulation technique and has received increasing attentions in biological applications. Understanding forces exerted on live cells is essential to cell biomechanical characterizations. Traditional numerical or experimental force measurement assumes live cells as ideal objects, ignoring their complicated inner structures and rough membranes. ...
Duque Cristiane - - 2011
The virulence of the dental caries pathogen Streptococcus mutans relies in part on the sucrose-dependent synthesis of and interaction with glucan, a major component of the extracellular matrix of tooth biofilms. However, the mechanisms by which secreted and/or cell-associated glucan-binding proteins (Gbps) produced by S. mutans participate in biofilm growth ...
Ohtubo Yoshitaka - - 2011
Mammalian taste bud cells (TBCs) consist of several cell types equipped with different taste receptor molecules, and hence the ratio of cell types in a taste bud constitutes the taste responses of the taste bud. Here we show that the population of immunohistochemically identified cell types per taste bud is ...
Faria Diana - - 2011
Abstract Previous studies have implicated annexins in regulating ion channels and in particular annexin A5 (AnxA5) in the traffic of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). In the present study, we further investigated the role of AnxA5 in regulating CFTR function and intracellular trafficking in both Xenopus oocytes and ...
Kim Kyobum K Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, - - 2011
Incorporation of hydroxyapatite (HA) within a degradable polymeric scaffold may provide a favorable synthetic microenvironment that more closely mimics natural bone tissue physiology. Both incorporation of HA nanoparticles and alterations of the paracrine cell-cell signaling distance may affect the intercellular signaling mechanism and facilitate enhanced osteogenic signal expression among the ...
Huang Yi - - 2010
Hydroxyapatite coatings were deposited on Ti-6Al-4V substrates by a novel plasma spraying process, the liquid precursor plasma spraying (LPPS) process. X-ray diffraction results showed that the coatings obtained by the LPPS process were mainly composed of hydroxyapatite. The LPPS process also showed excellent control on the coating microstructure, and both ...
Li Yan - - 2010
We report on development of dual-trap Raman tweezers for monitoring cellular dynamics and heterogeneity of interacting living cells suspended in a liquid medium. Dual-beam optical tweezers were combined with Raman spectroscopy, which allows capturing two cells that are in direct contact or closely separated by a few micrometers and simultaneously ...
Fang Rui - - 2010
Polycaprolactone (PCL), poly (lactic acid) (PLA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) are frequently used as materials for tissue engineering. In this study, PCL/PLA/HA nanofiber mats with different weight ratio were prepared using electrospinning. Their structure and morphology were studied by FTIR and FESEM. FTIR results demonstrated that the HA particles were successfully ...
Yamazaki Daiju - - 2011
Cellular turnover of brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) by the balance of cell proliferation and death is essential for maintaining the homeostasis of the blood-brain barrier. Stimulation of metabotropic ATP receptors (P2Y) transiently increased intracellular Ca²(+) concentration ([Ca²(+)](i)) in t-BBEC 117, a cell line derived from bovine BCECs. The [Ca²(+)](i) ...
Huang Luoxiu - - 2011
The terminalis nerve (TN) is in a class of cranial nerves that plays important roles in animal development, physiology and behavior. Here, we report a study on the characterization of voltage-activated ionic currents in GnRH-containing TN cells in zebrafish. The experiments were performed using acutely dissociated TN cells from the ...
Jowhar Dawit D Department of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University, VU Station B #351634, Nashville, TN 37235, - - 2010
Cells sense and interpret chemical gradients, and respond by localized responses that lead to directed migration. An open microfluidic device (OMD) was developed to provide quantitative information on both the gradient and morphological changes that occurred as cells crawled through various microfabricated channels. This device overcame problems that many current ...
Hofshi Anat - - 2011
Abnormal conduction underlies both bradyarrhythmias and re-entrant tachyarrhythmias. However, no practical way exists for restoring or improving conduction in areas of conduction slowing or block. This study sought to test the feasibility of a novel strategy for conduction repair using genetically engineered cells designed to form biological "conducting cables." An ...
Bonvillain Ryan W RW Department of Genetics, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA 70112, - - 2010
Biosynthesis of hypochlorous acid, a potent antimicrobial oxidant, in phagosomes is one of the chief mechanisms employed by polymorphonuclear neutrophils to combat infections. This reaction, catalyzed by myeloperoxidase, requires chloride anion (Cl(-)) as a substrate. Thus, Cl(-) availability is a rate-limiting factor that affects neutrophil microbicidal function. Our previous research ...
Baran Irina - - 2010
We present a model-based method for estimating the effective concentration of the active drug applied by a pressure pulse to an individual cell in a patch-clamp setup, which could be of practical use in the analysis of ligand-induced whole-cell currents recorded in patch-clamp experiments. Our modelling results outline several important ...
Jiang Xiaocheng - - 2010
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) represent a promising approach for sustainable energy production as they generate electricity directly from metabolism of organic substrates without the need for catalysts. However, the mechanisms of electron transfer between microbes and electrodes, which could ultimately limit power extraction, remain controversial. Here we demonstrate optically transparent ...
Schmidt Jennifer - - 2010
Malignant melanoma, characterized by invasive local growth and early formation of metastases, is the most aggressive type of skin cancer. Melanoma inhibitory activity (MIA), secreted by malignant melanoma cells, interacts with the cell adhesion receptors, integrins α(4)β(1) and α(5)β(1), facilitating cell detachment and promoting formation of metastases. In the present ...
Islam Mohammad Mahbub - - 2010
Abscisic acid (ABA)- and methyl jasmonate (MeJA)-induced stomatal closure are accompanied by cytosolic alkalization in guard cells. However, it remains to be clarified how the alkalization functions in not only ABA signaling but also MeJA. We investigated cytosolic alkalization in guard cells during ABA-, MeJA- and Ca(2+)-induced stomatal closure of ...
Jang Hyo Sang HS Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, - - 2010
Invasion of glioblastoma cells significantly reduces the effectiveness of current treatments, highlighting the importance of understanding dispersal mechanisms and characteristics of the invasive population. Induction of calcium fluxes into glioblastoma cells by autocrine glutamate is critical for invasion. However, the target(s) by which calcium acts to stimulate the dispersal of ...
Goldberg Ethan M EM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neurology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Abramson Research Center, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2011
Fast-spiking (FS) cells are a prominent subtype of neocortical γ-aminobutyric acidergic interneurons that mediate feed-forward inhibition and the temporal sculpting of information transfer in neural circuits, maintain excitation/inhibition balance, and contribute to network oscillations. FS cell dysfunction may be involved in the pathogenesis of disorders such as epilepsy, autism, and ...
Chaudhari Nirupa N Department of Physiology and Biophysics, and Program in Neurosciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA. - - 2010
Taste buds are aggregates of 50-100 polarized neuroepithelial cells that detect nutrients and other compounds. Combined analyses of gene expression and cellular function reveal an elegant cellular organization within the taste bud. This review discusses the functional classes of taste cells, their cell biology, and current thinking on how taste ...
Hofmann Boris - - 2010
This article shows the combination of light activatable ion channels and microelectrode array (MEA) technology for bidirectionally interfacing cells. HL-1 cultures, a mouse derived cardiomyocyte-like cell line, transfected with channelrhodopsin were stimulated with a microscope coupled 473 nm laser and recorded with custom built 64 electrode MEAs. Channelrhodopsin induced depolarization ...
Benfenati Valentina V Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Istituto per lo Studio dei Materiali Nanostrutturati (ISMN), Bologna, Italy. - - 2010
Astroglial cell survival and ion channel activity are relevant molecular targets for the mechanistic study of neural cell interactions with biomaterials and/or electronic interfaces. Astrogliosis is the most typical reaction to in vivo brain implants and needs to be avoided by developing biomaterials that preserve astroglial cell physiological function. This ...
Huang Jin - - 2010
Ginsenoside Rb1 (GRb1) and paeoniflorin (PF) are active substances of Chinese traditional herbs and have been commonly used to treat skin inflammation diseases, but little is known about the mechanisms involved. In the present study, the effects of GRb1 and PF on the production of inflammatory mediators and the possible ...
Bomben Valerie C - - 2010
Despite decades of research, primary brain tumors, gliomas, lack effective treatment options and present a huge clinical challenge. Particularly, the most malignant subtype, Glioblastoma multiforme, proliferates extensively and cells often undergo incomplete cell divisions, resulting in multinucleated cells. We now present evidence that multinucleated glioma cells result from the functional ...
Fischer Horst - - 2010
Using cell culture models, we have investigated the relative importance of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and calcium-activated chloride channels (CaCC) in Cl secretion by mucous and serous cells of human airway glands. In transepithelial recordings in Ussing chambers, the CFTR inhibitor CFTR(inh)-172 abolished 60% of baseline Cl secretion ...
Ayoub C - - 2010
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is associated with poor survival. To identify prognostic and diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets, we studied ANO1, a recently identified calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC). High-resolution genomic and transcriptomic microarray analysis and functional studies using HNSCC cell line and CaCC inhibitors. Amplification and overexpression ...
Park Juyoung - - 2010
Localized delivery of therapeutic agents through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a clinically significant task that remains challenging. Ultrasound (US) application after intravenous administration of microbubbles has been shown to generate localized BBB opening in animal models but the detailed mechanisms are not yet fully described. The current study investigates ...
Sieh Shirly - - 2010
Cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions play a major role in tumor morphogenesis and cancer metastasis. Therefore, it is crucial to create a model with a biomimetic microenvironment that allows such interactions to fully represent the pathophysiology of a disease for an in vitro study. This is achievable by using three-dimensional (3D) ...
Inayat S - - 2010
With a conventional patch-clamp electrode, an Ag/AgCl wire sits stationary inside the pipette. To move from the gigaseal cell-attached configuration to whole-cell recording, suction is applied inside the pipette. We have designed and developed a novel Pushpen patch-clamp electrode, in which a W wire insulated and wound with Ag/AgCl wire ...
Xu Shenghong - - 2010
In the present study, we subclassified acutely dissociated trigeminal ganglion (TRG) cells of rats using a current signature method in whole cell patch-clamp recordings. Using modified criteria for cell classification for the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), TRG cells were subclassified into nine cell types: 1-5, 7-9, and 13. Types 1, ...
Lee Chuan-Pei - - 2010
The effects of incorporation of various weight percentages of titanium carbide (TiC) into TiO(2) matrices on the photovoltaics of the respective dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were investigated. It is established through relevant photographs, XRD and EDX analysis that TiC was partially converted into anatase TiO(2) (a-TiO(2)) when the TiC was ...
Ehrensberger Mark T - - 2010
An electrochemically controlled system has been developed which allows for cell culture directly on electrically polarized metal surfaces with simultaneous control and assessment of the electrochemical current, potential, and impedance of the interface. This system was utilized in this study to assess the interactions between electrochemically polarized commercially pure titanium ...
Guilding C - - 2010
The habenula complex is implicated in a range of cognitive, emotional and reproductive behaviors, and recently this epithalamic structure was suggested to be a component of the brain's circadian system. Circadian timekeeping is driven in cells by the cyclical activity of core clock genes and proteins such as per2/PER2. There ...
Ishimaru Yoshiro Y Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8657, Japan. - - 2010
The polycystic kidney disease 1-like 3 (PKD1L3) and polycystic kidney disease 2-like 1 (PKD2L1) proteins have been proposed to form heteromers that function as sour taste receptors in mammals. Here, we show that PKD1L3 and PKD2L1 interact through their transmembrane domains, and not through the coiled-coil domain, by coimmunoprecipitation experiments ...
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