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Results 551 - 600 of 1923
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Bebok Zsuzsa - - 2005
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cyclic AMP-regulated chloride channel. Mutations in the CFTR gene result in cystic fibrosis (CF). The most common mutation, deltaF508, results in endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of CFTR. DeltaF508 CFTR has been described as a temperature-sensitive mutation that can be rescued following ...
Taverna Stefano - - 2005
Among the electrophysiological properties differentiating stratum oriens horizontal interneurons from pyramidal neurons of the CA1 hippocampal subfield are the more depolarized resting potential and the higher input resistance; additionally, these interneurons are also less sensitive to ischemic damage than pyramidal cells. A differential expression of pH-sensitive leakage potassium channels (TASK) ...
Helms My N - - 2005
Whole cell voltage clamp experiments were performed in a mouse cortical collecting duct principal cell line using patch pipettes back-filled with a solution containing phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP(3)). PIP(3) significantly increased amiloridesensitive current in control cells but not in the cells prestimulated by aldosterone. Additionally, aldosterone stimulated amiloridesensitive current in control ...
Baba Shigeo S Department of Pharmacology, Center for Molecular Therapeutics, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2005
Anisotropic reentrant excitation occurs in the remodeled substrate of the epicardial border zone (EBZ) of the 5-day infarcted canine heart. Reentry is stabilized because of the formation of functional lines of block. We hypothesized that regional differences of ionic currents in cells of the EBZ form these lines of block. ...
Suzuki Hideki - - 2005
Using the whole-cell voltage clamp technique, we investigated the effects of thiopental on membrane currents in H9c2 cells, a cell line derived from embryonic rat heart. Thiopental blocked a rapidly activating, very slowly-inactivating ultra-rapid type I(Kur)-like outward K(+) current in a concentration-dependent manner. The half-maximal concentration (IC(50)) of thiopental was ...
Landin Ana Marie - - 2005
The introduction and expression of exogenous DNA in neurons is valuable for analyzing a range of cellular and molecular processes in the periphery, e.g., the roles of transduction-related proteins, the impact of growth factors on development and differentiation, and the function of promoters specific to cell type. However, sensory receptor ...
Shimmen Teruo - - 2005
Wounding electrical responses were studied in Chara corallina. Specimens comprising two adjoining internodal cells were prepared. When one cell (victim cell) was cut, the other cell (receptor cell) generated four kinds of depolarization: (i) rapid depolarization; (ii) long-lasting depolarization; (iii) action potentials; and (iv) small spikes. In the present study, ...
Ghiaroni V - - 2005
Taste receptor cells (TRCs) represent an unique opportunity to study a dynamic population of excitable cells that undergoes two basic neurobiological processes: postnatal development and cell turnover. We have begun to investigate the functional properties of TRCs and how they mature over time by applying the patch-clamp technique to single ...
Pincin Chiara - - 2005
We studied the properties of a sodium channel comprised only of S5-P-S6 region of the rat sodium channel alpha-subunit Nav1.4 (micro1pore). Results obtained in HEK cell lines permanently transfected with the sodium channel alpha-subunit or with the micro1pore were compared with data of the native HEK cells. Sodium channel blockers, ...
Desai Anu - - 2006
Cell-based three-dimensional systems are desirable in the field of high throughput screening assays due to their potential similarity to in vivo environment. We have used SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells cultured in 3-D collagen hydrogel, confocal microscopy and immunofluorescence staining, to assess the merit of the system as a functional, cell-based ...
Jones Bertina F - - 2005
An in vitro model was used to investigate the effect of mechanical stimuli on adaptation to load and calcium signaling in aligned medial collateral ligament cells (MCL). This model used a patterned silicone membrane to align the cells parallel with the direction of the microgrooves. Alignment created an architecture that ...
Martini L - - 2005
Extracorporeal shock wave treatment (ESWT) is successfully used in various musculoskeletal disorders and pathologies. Despite the increasing use of this kind of therapy, some aspects of its mechanism of action are still unclear. In vitro bone cell behavior under ESWT were previously investigated by the present author and MG63 osteoblast-like ...
Loeb Marcia J - - 2005
Cultured stem cells from larval midgut tissue of the lepidopteran Heliothis virescens respond to alterations in external calcium ion concentration (Ca(2+) (out)) by changing the rate of stem cell proliferation and by differentiating to larval or non-larval phenotypes. Decreasing the external concentration of Ca(2+) with the Ca(2+) chelating agent EGTA ...
B?chsensch?tz Kai - - 2005
Grass stomata are characterized by dumbbell-shaped guard cells forming a complex with a pair of specialized epidermal cells, the subsidiary cells. Stomatal movement is accomplished by a reversible exchange of potassium and chloride between these two cell types. To gain insight into the molecular machinery involved in K+ transport within ...
Han, Arum
A micro-electrophysiological analysis system (µ-EPAS) using various microfabrication techniques for single cell study was developed. Conventional microfabrication techniques combined with plastic and polymer microfabrication techniques have been used to realize the system. The system is capable of performing patch clamp recording and whole cell electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) on a ...
Cucullo Luca - - 2005
Electric fields impact cellular functions by activation of ion channels or by interfering with cell membrane integrity. Ion channels can regulate cell cycle and play a role in tumorigenesis. While the cell cycle may be directly altered by ion fluxes, exposure to direct electric current of sufficient intensity may decrease ...
Ionescu-Zanetti Cristian - - 2005
The recent development of automated patch clamp technology has increased the throughput of electrophysiology but at the expense of visual access to the cells being studied. To improve visualization and the control of cell position, we have developed a simple alternative patch clamp technique based on microfluidic junctions between a ...
Wang Yan - - 2005
CFTR channels conduct HCO(3)(-) in addition to Cl(-) in airway epithelial cells. A defective HCO(3)(-)-transporting function of CFTR may underlie the pathogenesis of cystic fibrosis. In the present study, we have investigated whether a HCO(3)(-)-sensitive soluble adenylyl cyclase (sAC) is functionally coupled with CFTR and thus forms an autoregulatory mechanism ...
Lütteke D - - 2005
Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) was found to improve contractile function of stunned myocardium in pigs. The peptide is released from coronary endothelial cells during ischemia and significantly improves post-ischemic recovery. The present study was aimed to decide whether such an induction of contractile responsiveness of the heart requires co-activation of ...
Cao Lishuang - - 2005
Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we identified an amiloride (AMI)-sensitive Na(+) current in cystic fibrosis cells, JME/CF15, growing in standard medium. The reversal potential of this current depended on Na(+) concentrations and the cation selectivity was much higher for Na(+) than for K(+), indicating that the current is through ENaC ...
Lang F - - 2005
Cell proliferation and apoptosis are paralleled by altered regulation of ion channels that play an active part in the signaling of those fundamental cellular mechanisms. Cell proliferation must--at some time point--increase cell volume and apoptosis is typically paralleled by cell shrinkage. Cell volume changes require the participation of ion transport ...
Pannicke Thomas - - 2005
Retinae from rabbits and laboratory rodents are often used as 'models' of the human retina, although there are anatomical differences. To test whether monkey eyes provide a better model, a physiological study of Muller glial cells was performed comparing isolated cells and retinal wholemounts from the cynomolgus monkey, Macaca fascicularis ...
Antzelevitch Charles C Masonic Medical Research Laboratory, 2150 Bleecker Street, Utica, NY 13501-1787, USA. - - 2005
Ventricular myocardium in larger mammals has been shown to be comprised of three distinct cell types: epicardial, M, and endocardial. Epicardial and M cell action potentials differ from endocardial cells with respect to the morphology of phase 1. These cells possess a prominent I(to)-mediated notch responsible for the "spike and ...
Mallya Sanjay M SM Department of Oral Health and Diagnostic Sciences, University of Connecticut School of Dental Medicine, Connecticut, - - 2005
The properties of neoplastic proliferation and hormonal dysregulation are tightly linked in primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). However, whether abnormal parathyroid proliferation is the cause or result of a shift in calcium-sensitive parathyroid hormonal regulation has been controversial. We addressed this issue by analyzing the temporal sequence of these fundamental abnormalities in ...
Zhang Jiqian - - 2005
We have studied the collective behavior of calcium signaling in a linear array of coupled cells, taking into account the influence of internal noise. For a single cell, the performance of the stochastic calcium oscillations shows two maxima as a function of the cell size, indicating the occurrence of system ...
O'Grady Scott M - - 2005
Voltage-gated K+ channels belonging to Kv1-9 subfamilies are widely expressed in excitable cells where they play an essential role in membrane hyperpolarization during an action potential and in the propagation of action potentials along the plasma membrane. Early patch clamp studies on epithelial cells revealed the presence of K+ currents ...
Helms My N - - 2005
Several studies have shown that nitric oxide (NO) inhibits Na(+) transport in renal and alveolar monolayers. However, the mechanisms by which NO alters epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) activity is unclear. Therefore, we examined the effect of applying the NO donor drug l-propanamine 3,2-hydroxy-2-nitroso-1-propylhidrazino (PAPA-NONOate) to cultured renal epithelial cells. A6 ...
Assef Yanina A - - 2005
In this study, the expression and functional characterization of currents through the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator) and ORCC (outwardly rectifying chloride channels) were determined in wild-type K562 chronic human leukemia cells (K562-WT) and in its resistant counterpart, the vincristine resistant cell line (K562-Vinc). Expression of the CFTR and MDR1 ...
Sindić Aleksandra - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Guanylin and uroguanylin link intestinal and renal electrolyte and water transport. Their function in intestine is well studied, but renal actions are less understood. Uroguanylin concentrations are increased in patients with chronic renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, or those on dialysis. Guanylate cyclase C (GC-C) is the receptor first described ...
Miura Hirohito - - 2005
Neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) is a type III cell marker in the taste buds. In order to clarify the cell type of Mash1-expressing cells in taste buds, expression of NCAM was examined in Mash1-expressing taste cells of adult mice in comparison with gustducin- and T1r3-expressing cells, using a combination ...
O'Regan B C - - 2005
Solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells of the type TiO(2)/dye/CuSCN have been made with thin Al(2)O(3) barriers between the TiO(2) and the dye. The Al(2)O(3)-treated cells show improved voltages and fill factors but lower short-circuit currents. Transient photovoltage and photocurrent measurements have been used to find the pseudo-first-order recombination rate constant (k(pfo)) ...
Masuho Ikuo - - 2005
Cellular responses of STC-1 cells to two bitter tastants (denatonium and caffeine) were investigated using a calcium-imaging technique and compared with the response to bombesin. Caffeine is known to stimulate taste receptor cells, but the properties of its signaling have not been well studied. STC-1 cells responded to all three ...
Jiang Rongzhong - - 2005
A 40-member array of direct methanol fuel cells (with stationary fuel and convective air supplies) was generated by electrically connecting the fuel cells in series. High-throughput analysis of these fuel cells was realized by fast screening of voltages between the two terminals of a fuel cell at constant current discharge. ...
Sbarbati A - - 2005
Elements expressing the molecular mechanisms of gustatory transduction have been described in several organs in the digestive and respiratory apparatuses. These taste cell-related elements are isolated cells, which are not grouped in buds, and they have been interpreted as chemoreceptors. Their presence in epithelia of endodermal origin suggests the existence ...
Cifuentes Mariana - - 2005
The presence of the extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) has been demonstrated in numerous cells that are key in the control of serum calcium concentrations, underscoring its relevance in systemic calcium homeostasis. The more recent evidence of its presence in tissues not involved in this function has broadened the spectrum of ...
Bai Xilian - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Two-pore domain K+ channels (K2P), an emerging K+ channel subfamily, contribute to setting membrane potential in both electrically excitable and nonexcitable cells and, as such, influence cellular function. The multinucleate syncytiotrophoblast of human placenta, formed from the fusion of mononucleate cytotrophoblast cells, is a transporting epithelium whose function likely ...
Szappanos Henrietta - - 2005
Certain filamentous fungi, such as the penicillin-producing strain Penicillium chrysogenum, secrete small, highly basic and cysteine-rich proteins with antifungal effects. Affected fungi include a number of important zoopathogens, including those infecting humans. Recent studies, however, have pointed to a membrane-perturbing effect of these antifungal compounds, apparent as a potassium efflux ...
Pineda Ricardo H - - 2005
The presence of multiple Nav1 isotypes within a neuron and the lack of specific blockers hamper identification of the in vivo roles of sodium current (INa) components, especially during embryonic stages. To identify the functional properties of INa components in vivo in developing neurons, we took a molecular genetic approach. ...
Sun Xiaoyin - - 2005
Transmural electrical dispersion determines the repolarization sequence across the ventricular wall, and plays an important role in the development of arrhythmias under pathological conditions. While it is clear that the transmural gradient of the transient outward current (I(to)) underlies the dramatic difference in phase 1 repolarization across the ventricle, its ...
Bøkenes Janny - - 2005
Although cell shortening in patch-clamped cells (current-clamp mode) is triggered by an ordinary action potential, the trigger mechanism in field-stimulated cells is not so obvious. The contraction characteristics of the two methods differ, and we, therefore, examined the triggering sequence in field-stimulated cells. Isolated rat cardiomyocytes were plated on laminin-coated ...
Coventry, J.S.
The primary advantage of a PV concentrator is that concentrating light allows a significant reduction in the area of solar cell coverage, the main cost driver in a flat plate system. PV systems, whether flat plate or concentrating, normally have groups of solar cells connected in series in order to ...
Heidebrecht, P.
Two optimization procedures of a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) with direct internal reforming are presented. First, optimal operating conditions such as the amounts of feed gas,water, and air are calculated for a given cell current in order to obtain optimal electric efficiencies. An optimal current-voltage curve for the system ...
Schlüter Klaus-Dieter - - 2005
Isolated cardiomyocytes are a prerequisite to study the biology of cardiomyocytes. Efficient isolation is difficult, as these cells adhere firmly together in the heart and do not divide. Therefore, any experiment is restricted to the amount of calcium-tolerant, rod-shaped cardiomyocytes that can be initially isolated from the heart. This chapter ...
Strauss Ulf - - 2005
Apart from a central function in the extrapyramidal motor system, dopamine has been suggested to play a role in neuroimmune interactions. Particularly in diseases of the central nervous system, such as multiple sclerosis, alterations in dopamine homeostasis might have immunological consequences. We investigated potential effects of dopamine stabilized by ascorbic ...
Mechaly I - - 2005
In order to investigate the role of molecular diversity of voltage-activated sodium channel alpha-subunits in excitability of neuronal and non-neuronal cells, we carried out patch-clamp recordings and single-cell RT-PCR on two different types of mammalian excitable cells i.e. hippocampal neurons and non-neuronal utricular epithelial hair cells. In each cell type, ...
Sperelakis Nicholas - - 2005
Propagation of repolarization is a phenomenon that occurs in cardiac muscle. We wanted to test whether this phenomenon would also occur in our model of simulated action potentials (APs) of cardiac muscle (CM) and smooth muscle (SM) generated with the PSpice program. A linear chain of 5 cells was used, ...
Targos Berenika - - 2005
One of the numerous calcium-involving processes in mammalian cells is store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) -- the process in which depletion of calcium stores in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) induces calcium influx from the extracellular space. Previously supposed to function only in non-excitable cells, SOCE is now known to play a ...
Kimitsuki Takashi - - 2005
Tetraethylammonium (TEA)-sensitive potassium currents in the cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs) possess the kinetics of fast inactivation. Some enzymes using for IHCs dissociation affect these inactivation kinetics. IHCs were dissociated from guinea-pig cochlea by 1 mg/ml trypsin or 0.25 mg/ml protease VIII, and the properties of the K+ currents were ...
Hardy A - - 2005
The olfactory bulb, first relay of olfactory pathways, is densely innervated by serotoninergic centrifugal fibers originating from the raphe nuclei. Although serotonin innervation was reported to be involved in olfactory learning in mammals, the action of this neurotransmitter on its putative cellular targets has been never described through unitary recordings. ...
Hebert Steven C - - 2005
K(+) channels are widely distributed in both plant and animal cells where they serve many distinct functions. K(+) channels set the membrane potential, generate electrical signals in excitable cells, and regulate cell volume and cell movement. In renal tubule epithelial cells, K(+) channels are not only involved in basic functions ...
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