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Xing L L Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
The radial glial cell (RGC) is a glial cell type in the central nervous system of all vertebrates. Adult teleost fish have abundant RGCs in the brain in contrast to mammals. Adult fish RGCs have many important functions, including forming a structural scaffold to guide neuronal migration and serving as ...
El Bitar Fadia F INSERM U788 and Université Paris SUD, Faculté de Médecine, UMR-S788, 94276, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, - - 2014
Pregnenolone sulfate (PREGS) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) are pro-amnesic, anti-amnesic and neuroprotective steroids in rodents. In Alzheimer's disease (AD) patient's brains, their low concentrations are correlated with high levels of Aβ and tau proteins. The unnatural enantiomer ent-PREGS enhanced memory in rodents. We investigated here whether ent-PREGS and ent-DHEAS could ...
Kaneko Masahiro M Departments of Animal Sciences and Applied Biological Chemistry, Graduate School of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 1-1-1 Yayoi, Bunkyo, Tokyo, JAPAN, - - 2013
Nucleoside transport is important for nucleic acid synthesis in cells that cannot synthesize nucleosidesde novo, and for entry of many cytotoxic nucleoside analog drugs used in chemotherapy.This study demonstrates that various steroid hormones induce inhibition of nucleoside transport in mammalian cells. We analyzed the inhibitory effects of estradiol (E2) on ...
Magaña-Vergara Nancy E - - 2013
We describe the synthesis of steroidal dendrimer conjugates of first and second generation with tetramethylene core and 5-hydroxy-isophtalic acid dimethyl ester as branching unit modified to incorporate ethynylestradiol or 17α-estradiol as terminal units. The steroidal dendrimer conjugates, the free drug (steroids) and dendrimer were tested against a panel of cancer ...
Tian Hai-Yan - - 2013
Five new C23 steroids (1-5) together with five known bufadienolides (6-10) were isolated from the venom of Bufo bufo gargarizans (ChanSu in Chinese). The structures of the new steroids were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods in combination with X-ray diffraction analysis. Among these C23 steroids, only compound 3 showed cytotoxicities ...
Iida S S Department of Pathology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8575, - - 2013
Steroid sulphatase (STS) is one of the steroid-metabolising enzymes involved in desulphating inactive steroid sulphates and oestrogen sulphotransferase (EST) sulphates active oestrogen. The roles of both STS and EST have not been examined in oestrogen-dependent non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We evaluated the immunoreactivity of STS and EST in NSCLC cases ...
Palyanova Natalia V - - 2013
The neuritogenic and neuroprotective activities of six starfish polar steroids, asterosaponin Р1, (25S)-5α-cholestane-3β,4β,6α,7α,8,15α,16β,26-octaol, and (25S)-5α-cholestane-3β,6α,7α,8,15α,16β,26-heptaol (1-3) from the starfish Patiria pectinifera and distolasterosides D1-D3 (4-6) from the starfish Distolasterias nipon were analyzed using the mouse neuroblastoma (NB) C-1300 cell line and an organotypic rat hippocampal slice culture (OHSC). All of ...
Ajeawung Norbert Fonya - - 2012
Pediatric low grade gliomas are the most common central nervous system tumors and are still incurable among a subset of patients despite current treatment modalities. Steroid biosynthesis occurs in a wide variety of organs including the brain, to mediate an assortment of functions, including a proposed role in the growth ...
Buaas F William - - 2012
Adrenal and gonadal steroids are essential for life and reproduction. The orphan nuclear receptor SF1 (NR5A1) has been shown to regulate the expression of enzymes involved in steroid production in vitro. However, the in vivo role of this transcription factor in steroidogenesis has not been elucidated. In this study, we ...
Zhang Bei-Bei - - 2012
Phytochemical investigation of the ethanol extract obtained from the aerial parts of the Euphorbia altotibetic PAULS. grown in China resulted in the isolation of three new cholestane-type and three new ergostane-type steroids (cholest-5-en-2β, 4β-diol; cholest-5-en-1β, 4β-diol; cholest-5-en-1α, 3β, 4 α -triol; (22E)-ergosta-7,9,22-trien- 3β-ol β-D-glucoside; 5α-methoxy-(22E)-ergosta-7,9,22-trien-3β-ol β-D-glucoside; 6β- methoxy-(22E)-ergosta-7,9,22-trien-3β-ol β-D-glucoside), along ...
García-Sánchez Tomás - - 2012
In situ electroporation of adherent cells provides significant advantages with respect to electroporation systems for suspension cells, such as causing minimal stress to cultured cells and simplifying and saving several steps within the process. In this study, a new electrode assembly design is shown and applied to in situ electroporate ...
Khan M Nadeem - - 2012
Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococci) adhere to human nasopharyngeal (NP) epithelial cells as a first step in colonization and adherence of pneumococci to lung epithelia may be required to establish pneumonia. We sought to determine if PcpA can serve as an adhesin to human NP (D562) and lung (A549) epithelial cells and ...
Berillo Dmitriy - - 2012
Macroporous scaffolds composed of chitosan and using oxidized dextran as a crosslinker are produced through cryogelation. Introducing gelatin as a third component into the structure results in the formation of mesopores in the pore walls, which are not seen if gelatin is excluded. The mesoporous structure is explained by the ...
Konar Monica - - 2012
Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) adherence to human intestinal tissue is known to be mediated by aggregative adherence fimbriae (AAF). However, the host cell molecules involved in EAEC adherence remain uncharacterized. In the present study, four key membrane glycoproteins of cultured human intestinal epithelial cells (INT-407) were identified, which were found ...
Bible Amber - - 2012
The Che1 chemotaxis-like pathway of Azospirillum brasilense contributes to chemotaxis and aerotaxis, and it has also been found to contribute to regulating changes in cell surface adhesive properties that affect the propensity of cells to clump and to flocculate. The exact contribution of Che1 to the control of chemotaxis and ...
Othman Sarah - - 2012
A Pasteurellamultocida B:2 strain from a case of bovine haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) and a derivative, JRMT12, that was attenuated by a deletion in the aroA gene, were shown to adhere to, invade and survive within cultured epithelial bovine lung (EBL) cells. By comparison, bovine strains of Mannheimia haemolytica serotype A1 ...
Kudva Indira T - - 2012
Abstract The aims of this study were to determine whether Shigella species, which are human gastrointestinal pathogens, can adhere to cattle recto-anal junction squamous epithelial (RSE) cells using a recently standardized in vitro adherence assay, and to compare their adherence patterns with that of Escherichia coli O157. Shigella dysenteriae (serogroup ...
Goodwin Arthur H - - 2012
A majority of states now restrict teenagers from using a mobile communication device while driving. The effect of these restrictions is largely unknown. In a previous study, we found North Carolina's teenage driver cell phone restriction had little influence on young driver behavior four months after the law took effect ...
Khan M Nadeem - - 2012
We evaluated the role of vaccine candidate surface proteins, PhtD and PhtE as antigens with functional importance for Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococci) in adherence to nasopharyngeal (D562) and lung (A549) epithelial cell lines. Comparing TIGR4 to PhtD and PhtE- isogenic mutants, a 40% (p=0.001) and 42% (p=0.002) drop in the number ...
Sayed Enas Taha - - 2012
The catalytic activity of baker's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, as a biocatalyst was investigated in a mediatorless microbial fuel cell. The yeast cells that adhered on the anode surface were the active biocatalyst for glucose oxidation in a mediatorless biofuel cell, suggesting that the electron transfer took place through the surface ...
Li Shi-Fei - - 2012
A phytochemical work on the alkaloid constituents from Trigonostemon lii Y.T. Chang was conducted to give six new β-carboline alkaloids, trigonostemines A-F (1-6) and eight known β-carboline alkaloids (7-14). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic techniques including 2D NMR experiments and mass spectrometry. All of the compounds were evaluated ...
Saxena Sudhanshu - - 2012
Honey, both unifloral (Syzygiumcumini) and bifloral, demonstrated strong antimutagenicity against physical (UV, γ) and chemical (ethylmethane sulfonate) mutagens as ascertained by rpoB/Rif(R) and Ames tests. The effect of honey was evaluated in radiation (UV or γ) exposed Escherichia coli cells for SOS response, a well known error prone repair pathway ...
Haughn George W - - 2012
Arabidopsis seed coat epidermal cells produce a large quantity of mucilage that is extruded upon exposure to water. Chemical analyses and cell biological techniques suggest that this mucilage represents a specialized type of secondary cell wall composed primarily of pectin with lesser amounts of cellulose and xyloglucan. Once extruded, the ...
Vasseur Paule - - 2011
The Detailed Review Paper (DRP) number 31 of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) analyses the performance of the three models used in Cell Transformation Assays (CTAs) to screen the carcinogenic potential of chemicals: the Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) cells, and the mouse cell lines BALB/c 3T3 and ...
Jacquet N - - 2011
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is the degradation product of many fluoroderivatives and a widespread environmental contaminant. Its persistence, its long half-life in humans and its toxicity explain high concerns on human health side effects in future. PFOS is suspected to be a non-genotoxic carcinogen. In the present work, we assessed carcinogenic ...
Deng Hong - - 2011
V79-hCYP2E1-hSULT1A1, a V79-derived cell line co-expressing both human CYP2E1 and SULT1A1, has been constructed and efficiently used in detection of the mutagenic activities of a number of promutagens. 2-Nitropropane (2-NP) and N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), both being hepatocarcinogenic to animals but inactive in standard genotoxicity assays in vitro, are activated to mutagenic ...
Sakai Ayako - - 2011
The Bhas 42 cell transformation assay is a sensitive short-term system for predicting chemical carcinogenicity. Bhas 42 cells were established from BALB/c 3T3 cells by the transfection of v-Ha-ras gene and postulated to have acquired an initiated state in the two-stage carcinogenesis theory. The Bhas 42 cell transformation assay is ...
Di Giorgio Carole - - 2011
The mutagenicity and clastogenicity of a series of 18 3,6-di-substituted acridines were evaluated by the Ames test on Salmonella typhimurium TA 97a and by the micronucleus assay on Chinese Hamster Ovary cells (CHO cells), as compared to their cytotoxicity against CHO cells. Experimental results overall demonstrated that simple symmetric molecules ...
Melzer Marvin S - - 2011
This commentary was prompted by many reports that carcinogenesis involving various carcinogens and various types of systems is blocked by inhibitors of endolysosomal proteases (i.e. leupeptin, antipain). These findings have been largely ignored by cancer investigators so far. In this commentary based on these reports a carcinogenesis model is suggested ...
Hirata Hiroshi - - 2011
The functional significance of Wnt antagonist DKK1 has not been investigated in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Therefore, we hypothesized that DKK1 may be a tumor suppressor gene and is epigenetically silenced, thus decreased DKK1 may cause progression of RCC. To assess the function of DKK1, we established stable DKK1 transfected ...
Kašnar-Šamprec Jelena - - 2011
New N-1-sulfonylpyrimidines showed potent growth inhibitory activity against human and mouse tumour cells of different origin. 1-(p-toluenesulfonyl)cytosine (TsC) and 1-(p-toluenesulfonyl)cytosine hydrochloride (TsC × HCl) inhibited the growth of human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa), and had no significant cytotoxic effects on normal human foreskin fibroblasts (BJ). TsC and TsC × HCl ...
Merten Otto-Wilhelm - - 2011
From the perspective of a pilot clinical gene therapy trial for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), we implemented a process to produce a lentiviral vector under good manufacturing practices (GMP). The process is based on the transient transfection of 293T cells in Cell Factory stacks, scaled up to harvest 50 liters of ...
Feng Huixing - - 2011
HBV (hepatitis B virus) remains a global health concern, especially in developing countries. It has been associated with the development of HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma). One of the four viral proteins, HBx, interacts with cellular proteins, which are involved in a series of cellular processes including cell migration. The Rho GTPases ...
Pichler Johannes - - 2011
Optimization of host cell lines both for transient and stable protein production is typically hampered by the inherent heterogeneity of cells within a population. This heterogeneity is caused not only by "hard fact" gene mutations, but also by subtle differences in the cellular network of regulation, which may include epigenetic ...
Zhong Bonan - - 2011
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have great potential for regenerative medicine and gene therapy. Thus far, iPS cells have typically been generated using integrating viral vectors expressing various reprogramming transcription factors; nonintegrating methods have been less effective and efficient. Because there is a significant risk of malignant transformation and cancer ...
Wirth Matthias - - 2011
RNA interference, an indispensable tool in functional genomics, can be induced by small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). Because of the transient nature of siRNA-mediated RNA interference, the continuous use of transfection reagents is mandatory. Because transfection reagents are expensive, cost-effective alternatives must be considered. In this study, we describe a polyethylenimine-based ...
Yamaguchi Satoshi - - 2011
Cell-based microarrays are promising tools for high-throughput functional analysis of gene products, but their application has been limited to adherent cells due to the difficulty in immobilization of non-adherent cells. Herein, we have introduced our techniques that can rapidly and strongly immobilize non-adherent cells and can allow the transfection of ...
Sun Wenyue - - 2011
Exposure to cigarette smoke is a major risk factor for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We have previously established a chronic cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-treated human oral normal keratinocyte model, demonstrating an elevated frequency of mitochondrial mutations in CSE treated cells. Using this model we further characterized the ...
Feldman Steven A - - 2011
Production of clinical-grade gammaretroviral vectors for ex vivo gene delivery requires a scalable process that can rapidly generate large amounts of vector supernatant, clear large numbers of residual packaging cells with minimal decreases in vector titer, and satisfy all current regulatory guidelines regarding product biosafety. To that end, we have ...
Schweizer M - - 2010
Lentiviral vectors become more and more famous for the use as gene vector for gene therapy purposes for the treatment of acquired or inherited diseases. In this review, the present state of the art of the production of lentiviral vectors is presented with particular emphasis on the large scale production ...
Oberbek Agata - - 2011
Lentivirus-derived vectors (LVs) were studied for the generation of stable recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines. Stable pools and clones expressing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) were selected via fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). For comparison, cell pools and cell lines were also generated by transfection, using the LV ...
Reynolds Paul R - - 2011
Receptors for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) are cell-surface receptors expressed by alveolar type I (ATI) epithelial cells and are implicated in mechanisms of alveolar development and sustained pulmonary inflammation. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that diesel particulate matter (DPM) up-regulates RAGE in rat ATI-like R3/1 cells and ...
Rosemond Erica - - 2011
The M₃ muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3R) regulates many fundamental physiological functions. To identify novel M3R-interacting proteins, we used a recently developed yeast two-hybrid screen (split ubiquitin method) to detect interactions among membrane proteins. This screen led to the identification of many novel M3R-associated proteins, including the putative membrane protein transmembrane ...
Spessott Waldo - - 2010
The COG (conserved oligomeric Golgi complex) is a Golgi-associated tethering complex involved in retrograde trafficking of multiple Golgi enzymes. COG deficiencies lead to misorganization of the Golgi, defective trafficking of glycosylation enzymes, and abnormal N-, O- and ceramide-linked oligosaccharides. Here, we show that in Cog2 null mutant ldlC cells, the ...
Henry Jon C - - 2010
Previous work by us and others reported decreased expression of miR-199a-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues compared to adjacent benign tissue. We report here a significant reduction of miR-199a-3p expression in 7 HCC cell lines. To determine if miR-199a-3p has a tumor suppressive role, pre-miR-199a-3p oligonucleotides were transfected into the ...
Ulasov Alexey V - - 2011
We have evaluated the key properties of the polyethylenimine (PEI)-polyethylene glycol (PEG)-TAT peptide polyplex nanoparticles including their behavior in cells and compared them with the transfection efficacy (TE) using 11 different cell lines. We found statistically significant positive correlation between TE and the share of 50-75 nm fraction in the whole ...
Yamano Seiichi - - 2010
This study compared six commercially available reagents (Arrest-In, ExpressFect, FuGENE HD, jetPEI, Lipofectamine 2000, and SuperFect) for gene transfection. We examined the efficiency and cytotoxicity using nine different cell lines (MC3T3-E1 mouse preosteoblasts, PT-30 human epithelial precancer cells, C3H10T1/2 mouse stem cells, MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, HeLa human cervical ...
Tanaka Tetsuji - - 2010
Targeted knockdown of the death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) expression in the endometrial adenocarcinoma HHUA cells reportedly induces cell death by enhancing the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-mediated apoptosis in an autocrine/paracrine manner. This suggests that endogenous DAPK is a potential candidate for a molecularly targeted anticancer therapy for patients ...
Sakr Moustafa A - - 2010
GI24, an immunoglobulin superfamily member, has been cloned from a placenta cDNA library as a gene product that promoted activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 mediated by membrane type (MT) 1-MMP. Co-expression of GI24 with MT1-MMP in HEK293T cells increased the cell-surface level of MT1-MMP concomitant with the cleavage of the ...
Tlaxca Jose L - - 2010
The objective of the study was to examine the role of acoustic power intensity and microbubble and plasmid concentrations on transfection efficiency in HEK-293 cells using a sonoporator with a 1-MHz transducer. A green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter plasmid was delivered in as much as 80% of treated cells, and ...
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