Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1901
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Kim Kyung-Nam - - 2008
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is an integral membrane protein that may function as a scaffold for plasma membrane proteins and acts as a tumor suppressor protein. One causative factor of chemotherapy-resistant cancers is P-plycoprotein (P-gp), the product of the multidrug resistance-1 gene (MDR1), which is localized in the caveolar structure. Currently, the ...
Morgan Kevin K Medical Research Council Human Reproductive Sciences Unit, Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. - - 2008
Activation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptors inhibits proliferation of transformed cells derived from reproductive tissues and in transfected cell lines. Hence, GnRH receptors represent a therapeutic target for direct action of GnRH analogues on certain proliferating cells. However, more cell biological data are required to develop this particular application of ...
Lei Ming - - 2008
A Ti:sapphire femtosecond laser micro-manipulation system was used to perforate vital cells. Propidium iodide was successfully transferred into both astrocytes and PC12 cells via the channel of a femtosecond laser, which induced transiently recoverable opening of the cell membrane. The transfection efficiency reached almost 100%. This method also had the ...
Sakaguchi Naoki - - 2008
We previously developed potent nonviral vectors based on complexation of lipoplexes and pH-sensitive fusogenic liposomes, which achieve efficient transfection through membrane fusion with intracellular acidic compartments such as endosomes. Because transferrin receptor is known to be overexpressed in cancer cells, in this study, we investigated the effect of transferrin as ...
Bishop Cecily V CV Oregon State University, Departments of Biochemistry/Biophysics and Animal Sciences, Corvallis, - - 2008
The present study was conducted to determine if progesterone (P4) would inhibit oxytocin-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis in COS-7 cells expressing transfected ovine oxytocin receptor (OTR) with little or no nuclear P4 receptor (nPR) protein present. The relative absence of nPR in these cells was confirmed by immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR. To investigate ...
Backliwal Gaurav - - 2008
Transient transfection allows for fast production of recombinant proteins. However, the current bottlenecks in transient transfection are low titers and low specific productivity compared to stable cell lines. Here, we report an improved transient transfection protocol that yields titers exceeding 1 g/l in HEK293E cells. This was achieved by combining ...
Wang Chen-Yu - - 2008
The plasmid origin of replication, oriP, of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) was identified in an assay to detect autonomously replicating sequences (ARSs) in human cells. Raji ori, a second origin in EBV, functions in vivo but fails in long-term ARS assays. We examined the initiating element, DS, within oriP and Raji ...
Erfle Holger - - 2008
Solid-phase reverse transfection on cell microarrays is a high-throughput method for the parallel transfection of mammalian cells. However, the cells transfected in this way have been restricted so far to microscopy-based analyses. Analysis methods such as reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and access to higher cell numbers for statistical reasons ...
Modi, Ami
The objective of my research is to study the role of BRCA1 in breast cancer by determining how BARD1 phosphorylation affects the checkpoint and DNA repair functions of the BRCA1/BARD1 heterodimer. In my original application, I proposed to examine the role of BARD1 phosphorylation in the checkpoint functions of BRCA1 ...
Matragkou Christina N - - 2008
Evidence now exists to indicate that some ribosomal proteins besides being structural components of the ribosomal subunits are involved in the regulation of cell differentiation and apoptosis. As we have shown earlier, initiation of erythroid differentiation of murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells is associated with transcriptional inactivation of genes encoding ribosomal ...
Xiang Ting-Xiu - - 2008
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: The role of heat shock protein (HSP) 70 in gastric cancer has been extensively examined in many studies for the past decade. It has been demonstrated that over-expression of Hsp70 might play important role in malignant transformation and maintenance of malignant phenotypes. Therefore, silencing the Hsp70 gene ...
Hematulin, Arunee
The Nbs1 protein (nibrin, p95) is a member of the DNA repair/checkpoint complex Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 (MRN), which plays a critical role in the cellular responses to DNA damage, cell cycle checkpoints, and telomere and genome stability. Many transgenic models in mice and clinical symptoms of NBS patients have clearly shown that ...
Kriska Tamas T Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2008
A novel approach for selecting high expressing cells out of a general population that had been transfected with a construct encoding cytosolic type 4 glutathione peroxidase (GPx4) is reported. The approach is described for GPx4-null COH-BR1 breast tumor cells and is based on use of a highly specific GPx4 substrate, ...
Ong S P - - 2008
In this study, the efficacies of short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeting different regions of West Nile virus (WNV) strain Sarafend genome were investigated. Short hairpin RNAs targeting Capsid, NS2B and NS4B genes were cloned into pSilencer 3.1-H1 neo and designated as pshCapsid, pshNS2B and pshNS4B, respectively. Vero cells that were ...
Yao C P - - 2008
The plasma membrane of mammalian cells can be transiently permeablized by optical means and exogenous materials or genes can be introduced into the cytoplasm of living cells. Until now, few mechanisms were exploited for the manipulation: laser is directly and tightly focused on the cells for optoinjection, laser-induced stress waves, ...
Zhang Yan - - 2008
Single-cell microinjection has been successfully used to deliver exogenous proteins, cDNA constructs, peptides, drugs and particles into transfection-challenged cells. With precisely controlled delivery dosage and timing, microinjection has been used in many studies of primary cultured cells, transgenic animal production, in vitro fertilization and RNA inference. This review discusses the ...
Sikarwar Arun P - - 2008
Several genes/gene products are known to act in a concert to regulate the process of spermatogenesis. One such gene is c-kit, a transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor which plays an indispensable role in the maturation and differentiation of spermatogonial germ cells (SGCs). In the present study, siRNA approach was used to ...
Havenga M J E - - 2008
Stable E1 transformed cells, like PER.C6, are able to grow at scale and to high cell densities. E1-deleted adenoviruses replicate to high titer in PER.C6 cells whereas subsequent deletion of E2A from the vector results in absence of replication in PER.C6 cells and drastically lowers the expression of adenovirus proteins ...
Breunig Miriam - - 2008
Poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) has gained increasing attention in the delivery of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) into cells. In order to further optimize PEI for this application, the first goal of this study was to examine particular steps of siRNA delivery with various PEI derivatives as carriers. Furthermore, the hypothesis that ...
Yuba Eiji - - 2008
Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent professional antigen presenting cells that are useful for cancer immunotherapy. We previously reported the preparation and characterization of complexes of lipoplexes with pH-sensitive fusogenic liposomes, which comprise polymers based on poly(glycidol) with carboxyl groups, to transfect various malignant cell lines. The present study applied this ...
Yan Xue-Bing - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the influence of different quasispecies of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b core protein on growth of Chang liver cells. METHODS: Three eukaryotic expression plasmids (pEGFP-N1/core) that contained different quasispecies truncated core proteins of HCV genotype 1b were constructed. These were derived from tumor (T) and non-tumor ...
Jorge Soraia A C - - 2008
Drosophila melanogaster S2 cells were transfected with a plasmid vector (pAcHBsAgHy) containing the S gene, coding for the hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg), under control of the constitutive drosophila actin promoter (pAc), and the hygromycin B (Hy) selection gene. The vector was introduced into Schneider 2 (S2) Drosophila cells ...
Gusachenko Simonova Olesya N - - 2008
Antisense oligonucleotides and double-stranded small interfering RNAs have become an important instrument for the manipulation of gene expression in molecular biology experiments and a promising tool for the development of gene-targeted therapeutics. One of the main impediments in the use of oligonucleotide-based therapeutics is their poor uptake by target cells. ...
Orimo Hideo - - 2008
Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) plays a key role in mineralization. A defect in the TNAP gene causes hypophosphatasia, which is characteristic of systemic skeletal hypomineralization. To determine the mineralizing ability of the mutant proteins, we developed a functional assay that uses U2OS osteoblast-like cells. Expression plasmids containing TNAP mutant cDNAs ...
Luo Geng-Qiu GQ Department of Pathology, Basic School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha 410008, Hunan Province, - - 2008
To study the effect of the transfected Twist gene on invasion and metastasis of gastric carcinoma cells and the possible mechanisms involved. Human gastric carcinoma MKN28 cells were stably transfected with Twist sense plasmid, and MKN45 cells were stably transfected with Twist antisense plasmid using the lipofectamine transfection technique. RT-PCR, ...
del Pozo-Rodríguez A - - 2008
Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells are usually employed to study DNA systems for diseases related to problems in the retina. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) have been shown to be useful non-viral vectors for gene therapy. The objective of this work was to evaluate the transfection capacity of SLNs in the ...
Vassanelli S - - 2008
Single-cell experiments represent the next frontier for biochemical and gene expression research. Although bulk-scale methods averaging populations of cells have been traditionally used to investigate cellular behavior, they mask individual cell features and can lead to misleading or insufficient biological results. We report on a single-cell electroporation microarray enabling the ...
Bodreddigari Sridevi S Department of Biology and W. Harry Feinstone Center for Genomic Research, University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee 38152, - - 2008
The reduction of the aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1) dialdehyde metabolite to its corresponding mono and dialcohols, catalyzed by aflatoxin B 1-aldehyde reductase (AFAR, rat AKR7A1, and human AKR7A3), is greatly increased in livers of rats treated with numerous chemoprotective agents. Recombinant human AKR7A3 has been shown to reduce the ...
Giesbers Maikel E - - 2008
Melanopsin, first discovered in Xenopus melanophores, is now established as a functional sensory photopigment of the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells. These ganglion cells drive circadian rhythm and pupillary adjustments through projection to the brain. Melanopsin shares structural similarities with all known opsins. Comprehensive characterization of melanopsin with respect to ...
Liu Hai-Feng - - 2008
AIM: To study the effect of type 1 Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE1) antisense human gene transfection on the biological behavior of gastric carcinoma cell line SGC-7901. METHODS: Antisense NHE1 eukaryotic expression on vector pcDNA3.1 was constructed by recombinant DNA technique and transfected into gastric carcinoma cell line SGC-7901 with DOTAP liposome ...
Xia Yun - - 2008
In order to evaluate the effect of mitofusin-2 gene (mfn2) on proliferation and chemotherapy sensitivity of human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7 in vitro, pEGFPmfn2 plasmid carrying full length of mitofusin-2 gene was transfected, by using sofast, into MCF-7 cells. Mitofusin-2 gene expression in MCF-7 cells transfected by sofast after ...
Park Jong Kuk - - 2008
PURPOSE: To identify the role of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) during gamma-ionizing radiation (gamma-IR) treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer cells. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Wild-type PTEN or mutant forms of PTEN plasmids were transfected to construct stable transfectants of the NCI-H1299 non-small-cell lung cancer cell line. ...
Han Joo Youn - - 2008
A novel cancer-cell-specific gene delivery vector with high transfection efficiency was designed and tested with an in vitro coculture consisting of the human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line, HEC-1A cells, and normal endometrial stromal cells. For the cancer-cell targeting, polyethylenimine (PEI), a cationic polymer that can be easily combined with anionic ...
Zarnitsyn Vladimir G - - 2008
We report on development and experimental characterization of a novel cell manipulation device-the electrosonic ejector microarray-which establishes a pathway for drug and/or gene delivery with control of biophysical action on the length scale of an individual cell. The device comprises a piezoelectric transducer for ultrasound wave generation, a reservoir for ...
Kapsogeorgou Efstathia K - - 2008
B7-2 (CD86) costimulatory molecules are pivotal for the regulation of T cell responses. In this study, a novel human B7-2 alternate transcript (termed B7-2C) is described. This transcript is characterized by the deletion of exon 4 that encodes the IgV-like counter-receptor binding domain of the B7-2 protein (full-length; B7-2A). B7-2C ...
Seo, Jin-Ho
NOTE: Text or symbols not renderable in plain ASCII are indicated by [...]. Abstract is included in .pdf document. Plasmid-host cell interactions have been characterized experimentally for recombinant Escherichia coli populations. The plasrnids used contain pMB1 replication origins and propagate in E coli at different copy number levels ranging from ...
Baumgart J - - 2008
Opto-perforation is an interesting alternative to conventional techniques for gene transfer into living cells. The cell membrane is perforated by femtosecond (fs) laser pulses, in order to induce an uptake of macromolecules e.g. DNA. In this study, we successfully transfected a canine cell line (MTH53a) with GFP vector or a ...
Kong B-W - - 2008
We have for the first time assessed the ability of the Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon system to enhance transgenesis in chicken and turkey cells. The efficiency of transgenesis with a transposon encoding an antibiotic resistance gene was dramatically enhanced 15- to 35-fold when transposase was supplied by co-transfection of immortalized ...
Weecharangsan Wanlop - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of depsipeptide on the in vitro transfection efficiency of PEI/DNA complexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PEI (polyethylenimine 25K) formed a complex with pcDNA3-CMV-Luc and was investigated for its transfection efficiency in KB human oral carcinoma and Raji human lymphoma cell lines. ...
Güven Güldem Utkan - - 2008
Monosized cationic nanoparticles were produced by emulsifier-free emulsion polymerization of styrene, poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate and N-[3-(dimethyl-amino) propyl] methacrylamide, conducted in the presence of a cationic initiator, 2,2'-azobis (2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride, using different amounts of ingredients and at different conditions. The structure of the terpolymers was confirmed by (1)H-NMR and FTIR spectroscopy. ...
Separovic Duska D Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. dseparovic@wayne.edu - - 2008
We have shown that overexpression of SMS1, an enzyme that converts de novo ceramide into sphingomyelin, is accompanied by attenuated ceramide response and apoptotic resistance after photodamage with the photosensitizer Pc 4 (photodynamic therapy; PDT). To test whether SMS1 overexpression-related effects after PDT can be reversed, in this study SMS1 ...
Han Sandra Y - - 2008
Despite the increasing use of gene transfer strategies in the study of cellular and molecular biology, melanoma cells have remained difficult to transfect in a safe, efficient, and reproducible manner. In the present study, we report the successful use of nucleofector technology to transfect human melanoma cell lines. This technology ...
Ohno Yoshiya - - 2008
L-type large amino acid transporter (LAT) 1, the first light chain (lc) of cluster of differentiation 98 (CD98) to be identified, is associated with the heavy chain (hc) of CD98 and expressed on the surface of various tumor cells irrespective of their origin. Because LAT1 is a 12-pass membrane protein ...
Brito Jose L R - - 2008
RNA interference (RNAi) has been shown to be a valuable tool to specifically target gene expression in a number of organisms becoming an indispensable weapon in the arsenal in functional genomics. In this study, we demonstrate that streptolysin-O (SLO) reversible permeabilisation is an efficient method to deliver small interfering RNAs ...
D'Alessandro Rosalba - - 2008
The neurosecretory process is acquired during differentiation and can be lost en block by differentiated cells. To investigate the role of REST/NRSF, a transcription repressor, in the maintenance of the process we studied two PC12 clones, one wt and one defective, expressing low and high levels of endogenous RE-1 silencing ...
Backliwal Gaurav - - 2008
Recombinant proteins are of great commercial and scientific interest. Yet, most production methods in mammalian cells involve the time- and labor-consuming step of creating stable cell lines. Production methods based on transient gene expression are advantageous in terms of speed and versatility; yet, depending on the transfection protocol, transient transfection ...
Adam Estelle - - 2008
Standard culture systems of eukaryotic cells generally failed to deliver sufficient amounts of recombinant proteins without increasing the costs of production. We here showed that membrane-based bioreactors, initially developed for the production of monoclonal antibodies, can be very useful for the production using engineered HEK293 cells, of a recombinant proteoglycan ...
Unciti-Broceta Asier A School of Chemistry, King's Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JJ, - - 2008
In this manuscript, we report how transfection efficiencies vary as a function of the substrate upon which cells adhere using a polymer microarray platform to allow rapid analysis of a large number of substrates. During these studies, traditional transfection protocols were nonsatisfactory, and thus we developed an approach in which ...
Bora Roop Singh - - 2008
The cDNA encoding PDE10A (phosphodiesterase 10A) was cloned and a stable recombinant HEK-293 (human embryonic kidney-293) cell line expressing high levels of PDE10A was generated. Transient transfection of pCRE-Luc plasmid, harbouring the luciferase reporter gene under the control of CRE (cAMP-response element)-binding sequence, into the stable recombinant cell line, followed ...
Fang Jun - - 2008
The effects of tissue factor (TF) on doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in human neuroblastoma were investigated. The expression of TF was examined by Western blotting. TFsiRNA-pSUPER plasmid was constructed by inserting specific 19-nt silencing sequence targeting TF gene into pSUPER vector. Transfection of TFsiRNA-pSUPER was performed using lipofectamine2000. The cytotoxicity of doxorubicin ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >