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Results 401 - 450 of 1865
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Baumgart J - - 2008
Opto-perforation is an interesting alternative to conventional techniques for gene transfer into living cells. The cell membrane is perforated by femtosecond (fs) laser pulses, in order to induce an uptake of macromolecules e.g. DNA. In this study, we successfully transfected a canine cell line (MTH53a) with GFP vector or a ...
Kong B-W - - 2008
We have for the first time assessed the ability of the Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon system to enhance transgenesis in chicken and turkey cells. The efficiency of transgenesis with a transposon encoding an antibiotic resistance gene was dramatically enhanced 15- to 35-fold when transposase was supplied by co-transfection of immortalized ...
Weecharangsan Wanlop - - 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of depsipeptide on the in vitro transfection efficiency of PEI/DNA complexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PEI (polyethylenimine 25K) formed a complex with pcDNA3-CMV-Luc and was investigated for its transfection efficiency in KB human oral carcinoma and Raji human lymphoma cell lines. ...
Güven Güldem Utkan - - 2008
Monosized cationic nanoparticles were produced by emulsifier-free emulsion polymerization of styrene, poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate and N-[3-(dimethyl-amino) propyl] methacrylamide, conducted in the presence of a cationic initiator, 2,2'-azobis (2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride, using different amounts of ingredients and at different conditions. The structure of the terpolymers was confirmed by (1)H-NMR and FTIR spectroscopy. ...
Separovic Duska D Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. dseparovic@wayne.edu - - 2008
We have shown that overexpression of SMS1, an enzyme that converts de novo ceramide into sphingomyelin, is accompanied by attenuated ceramide response and apoptotic resistance after photodamage with the photosensitizer Pc 4 (photodynamic therapy; PDT). To test whether SMS1 overexpression-related effects after PDT can be reversed, in this study SMS1 ...
Han Sandra Y - - 2008
Despite the increasing use of gene transfer strategies in the study of cellular and molecular biology, melanoma cells have remained difficult to transfect in a safe, efficient, and reproducible manner. In the present study, we report the successful use of nucleofector technology to transfect human melanoma cell lines. This technology ...
Ohno Yoshiya - - 2008
L-type large amino acid transporter (LAT) 1, the first light chain (lc) of cluster of differentiation 98 (CD98) to be identified, is associated with the heavy chain (hc) of CD98 and expressed on the surface of various tumor cells irrespective of their origin. Because LAT1 is a 12-pass membrane protein ...
Brito Jose L R - - 2008
RNA interference (RNAi) has been shown to be a valuable tool to specifically target gene expression in a number of organisms becoming an indispensable weapon in the arsenal in functional genomics. In this study, we demonstrate that streptolysin-O (SLO) reversible permeabilisation is an efficient method to deliver small interfering RNAs ...
D'Alessandro Rosalba - - 2008
The neurosecretory process is acquired during differentiation and can be lost en block by differentiated cells. To investigate the role of REST/NRSF, a transcription repressor, in the maintenance of the process we studied two PC12 clones, one wt and one defective, expressing low and high levels of endogenous RE-1 silencing ...
Backliwal Gaurav - - 2008
Recombinant proteins are of great commercial and scientific interest. Yet, most production methods in mammalian cells involve the time- and labor-consuming step of creating stable cell lines. Production methods based on transient gene expression are advantageous in terms of speed and versatility; yet, depending on the transfection protocol, transient transfection ...
Adam Estelle - - 2008
Standard culture systems of eukaryotic cells generally failed to deliver sufficient amounts of recombinant proteins without increasing the costs of production. We here showed that membrane-based bioreactors, initially developed for the production of monoclonal antibodies, can be very useful for the production using engineered HEK293 cells, of a recombinant proteoglycan ...
Unciti-Broceta Asier A School of Chemistry, King's Buildings, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JJ, - - 2008
In this manuscript, we report how transfection efficiencies vary as a function of the substrate upon which cells adhere using a polymer microarray platform to allow rapid analysis of a large number of substrates. During these studies, traditional transfection protocols were nonsatisfactory, and thus we developed an approach in which ...
Bora Roop Singh - - 2008
The cDNA encoding PDE10A (phosphodiesterase 10A) was cloned and a stable recombinant HEK-293 (human embryonic kidney-293) cell line expressing high levels of PDE10A was generated. Transient transfection of pCRE-Luc plasmid, harbouring the luciferase reporter gene under the control of CRE (cAMP-response element)-binding sequence, into the stable recombinant cell line, followed ...
Fang Jun - - 2008
The effects of tissue factor (TF) on doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in human neuroblastoma were investigated. The expression of TF was examined by Western blotting. TFsiRNA-pSUPER plasmid was constructed by inserting specific 19-nt silencing sequence targeting TF gene into pSUPER vector. Transfection of TFsiRNA-pSUPER was performed using lipofectamine2000. The cytotoxicity of doxorubicin ...
Zhou Qiong - - 2008
In order to investigate the effect of Polo-like kinase-1 (Plk1) depletion on cell cycle progression and cell growth in lung cancer cells, a recombinant plasmid containing antisense RNA targeting Plk1 (pcDNA3-Plk1) was transfected into A549 cells by lipofectine. RT-PCR and Western-blot were used to detect the Plk1 gene expression. Cell ...
Stürzl Michael - - 2008
Reversely transfected cell microarrays (RTCM) have been introduced as a method for parallel high throughput analysis of gene functions in mammalian cells. Hundreds to thousands of different recombinant DNA or RNA molecules can be transfected into different cell clusters at the same time on a single glass slide with this ...
Schoen J - - 2008
The oviduct in vivo has to perform various tasks: maturation and transport of the gametes, milieu preparation for fertilization and embryonic development, and transport of the embryo. The complex arrangement of endocrine and paracrine signals being exchanged between the early embryo and the inner cell layers of the oviduct is ...
Wang Shen - - 2008
In order to examine the effect of GRIM19 on colon cancer cell SW480, the recombinant adenovirus carrying GRIM19 gene was constructed and transfected into SW480 cells. GRIM19 cDNA was amplified by PCR with the template pcxn2-GRIM19 and cloned into the shuttle plasmid pAdTrack-CMV. The plasmid pAdTrack-CMV-GRIM19 was linearized by PmeI ...
Boudes Mathieu - - 2008
RNA interference appears as a technique of choice to identify gene candidate or to evaluate gene function. To date, a main problem is to achieve high transfection efficiencies on native cells such as adult neurons. In addition, transfection on organ or mass culture does not allow to approach the cellular ...
Conley M E - - 2008
Reduced B cell numbers and a mutation in Btk are considered sufficient to make the diagnosis of X-linked agammaglobulinaemia. In the process of conducting family studies, we identified a 58-year-old healthy man with an amino acid substitution, Y418H, in the adenosine-5'-triphosphate binding site of Btk. Immunofluorescence studies showed that this ...
Wulhfard Sarah - - 2008
Large-scale transient gene expression (TGE) in mammalian cells is a rapid method to generate recombinant proteins, but the volumetric productivity for secreted proteins is still more than an order of magnitude lower than the yields typically achieved with recombinant cell lines. Here transient recombinant protein production in Chinese hamster ovary ...
Inagaki Hitomi - - 2008
It has well been known that human and rodents exhibit a preference for fats. This suggests the existence of an orosensory system responsible for the detection of dietary fats. A plasma membrane glycoprotein CD36, besides the role in the uptake of long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) as well as oxidized low-density ...
Gomez L M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine if human papillomavirus (HPV) infection of extravillous trophoblast cells reduces cell invasion and if placental infection is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes attributed to placental dysfunction. METHODS: We conducted apoptosis and invasion assays using extravillous trophoblast (HTR-8/SVneo) cells that were transfected with a plasmid (pAT-HPV-16) ...
Szalkowski, Adam
Weitere Autoren: Christian Ledergerber, Philipp Krähenbühl and Christophe Dessimoz
Chenuet, Sébastien
The forthcoming arrival on the market of numerous protein therapeutics that require high clinical doses will foster the need for high-producing mammalian cell lines. Furthermore, pressures to reduce the development time for new therapeutics has meant more emphasis on efforts to accelerate the process that yields such cell lines. The ...
Thompson Melissa S - - 2008
Key processes in normal and diseased cells depend directly or indirectly on the viscoelastic properties of the cytoplasm. Particle-tracking microrheology is a highly versatile method that measures the viscoelastic properties of cytoplasm directly by tracking fluorescent nanoparticles embedded in the cytoskeleton with high spatial and temporal resolutions. Here we present ...
Gheisari Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are promising candidates in the field of regenerative medicine and in several studies have been genetically modified to bring a new property to or enhance an existing one in these cells. Furthermore, MSC have been used as gene delivery vehicles. The success of these ...
Toyota Naoji - - 2008
We herein examine the effect of cardiac troponin T (CTnT) suppression in cultured chicken cardiomyocytes derived from embryonic cardiac ventricular muscle. TnT is an important protein participating in regulation of striated muscle contraction, but it is not clear whether TnT contributes to the formation of sarcomere structure in myofibrils. Double-stranded ...
Couvreur Paulus J J - - 2008
The objective of this paper was to study in vitro transfection of tendon cells and adherence of transfected cells to different tendon surfaces. Achilles tendon fibroblasts from 2-month-old New Zealand white rabbits were cultured to confluence, after which the cells were transfected by an adenovirus carrying either the β-galactosidase reporter ...
Liang Xiao Hui - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms in the IL-18 promoter region (-137, +113, and +127), with perfect linkage disequilibria (Delta=1, p<0.001) among them, were observed in Singaporean Chinese, Malays, and Indians. These polymorphisms appear to have no association with atopic phenotypes. However, functional studies indicate that IL-18 gene polymorphisms strongly affect its activity in ...
Zhonghong Liu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective was to understand the influence of Survivin plasmid with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) on the cell cycle, invasion, and the silencing effect of Survivin gene in the SW480 cell of colorectal carcinoma. METHODS: A eukaryotic expression vector, PGCH1/Survivin shRNA, a segment sequence of Survivin as target, was ...
Detzer A - - 2008
The phosphorothioate(PS)-stimulated cellular uptake of naked short interfering RNA (siRNA) into mammalian cells indicates a promising new mechanistic strategy because it makes use of a caveosomal, rather than an endosomal pathway, which is used by the majority of known delivery systems. This PS-stimulated mode delivers large amounts of siRNA primarily ...
González-González Emilio - - 2008
RNA interference (RNAi) is a valuable tool in the investigation of gene function. The purpose of this study was to examine the availability, target cell types and efficiency of RNAi in the mouse seminiferous epithelium. The experimental model was based on transgenic mice expressing EGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein). RNAi ...
Ivanova Gabriela D GD Medical Research Council, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QH, - - 2008
Serum-stabilized PNA-internalization peptides (Pip) conjugated to PNA complementary to the 705 aberrant beta-globin splice site are able to correct splicing and increase luciferase production in Hela pLuc705 cells with sub microM EC(50) in the absence of a transfection agent. Inhibition of microRNA-122 in liver cells is achieved by treatment with ...
Kudela Pavol - - 2008
Bacterial ghosts (BG) are cell envelopes preparations of Gram-negative bacteria devoid of cytoplasmic content produced by controlled expression of PhiX174 plasmid-encoded lysis gene E. Eight melanoma cell lines were investigated for their capacity to bind and phagocyte BG derived from Escherichia coli NM522 and Mannheimia haemolytica A23. High capability to ...
Kearns Molinda D - - 2008
Inclusion of DOPE in lipoplex formulations has hampered the establishment of a correlation between cationic lipid structure, biological specificity, and transfection activity, simply because the presence of a helper lipid not only alters the physicochemical properties of the lipoplex but also modifies cell surface specific interactions during the process of ...
Kim Jeong Ah - - 2008
Electroporation is widely used to achieve gene transfection. A common problem in electroporation is that it has a lower viability than any other transfection method. In this study, we developed a novel electroporation device using a capillary tip and a pipette that was effective on a wide range of mammalian ...
Bawa-Khalfe, Tasneem
Abstract Background In addition to the regulation of blood pressure, α 2 - and β-adrenoceptor (AR) subtypes play an important role in the modulation of noradrenergic neurotransmission in the human CNS and PNS. Several studies suggest that the α 2 -AR responsiveness in cells and tissues after chronic epinephrine (EPI) ...
Pinto de Carvalho Leonardo - - 2007
A novel, efficient transfection method, based on ultrasound and hydrodynamics, has been developed to transfect heart tissue with plasmid DNA. An ultrasound probe was aimed at the heart of anesthetized rats for 30 sec, at an intensity of 1 MHz and 2 W/cm2. The aorta was clamped and a phosphate-buffered ...
Ye Lei - - 2007
Low-level transgene efficiency is one of the main obstacles in ex vivo nonviral vector-mediated gene transfer into primary human skeletal myoblasts (hSkMs). We optimized the cholesterol:N-[1-(2, 3-dioleoyloxy)propyl]-N, N, N-trimethylammonium methylsulfate liposome (CD liposome) and 22-kDa polyethylenimine (PEI22)- and 25-kDa polyethylenimine (PEI25)-mediated transfection of primary hSkMs for angiogenic gene delivery. We ...
Choi Min-Koo - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to prepare and characterize poly (ester amine) (PEA)/pGL3 complexes and investigate their transfection efficiency in human nasal epithelial (HNE) cells. Particle size, zeta potential, and gel retardation characteristics of PEA /pGL3 complexes were also measured. After treatment of DNase-I, protection and release assay of ...
Meyer Florent - - 2008
In an effort to develop new biomaterial coatings, it was shown that polyelectrolyte multilayers constitute a very powerful tool to render surfaces biologically active. The challenge is to multi-functionalize surfaces in a controlled way. We show here, for the first time, that it is possible to functionalize multilayer films simultaneously ...
Orth Patrick - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of novel nonviral gene delivery systems in cells of musculoskeletal origin. Primary cultures of lapine skeletal muscle cells, lapine articular chondrocytes, human cells from fibrous dysplasia and cell lines established from human osteosarcoma (SAOS-2), chondrosarcoma (CS-1), murine skeletal myoblasts ...
Rojas Guillermo - - 2008
Murine trisomy 16 (Ts16) is a useful model to study the deleterious effect of aneuploidy in neural pathophysiology. The CTb cell line derived from the cerebral cortex of a Ts16 mouse overexpresses the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and exhibits altered intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. In the present work, we induced knockdown ...
Aluigi M G - - 2007
The teratocarcinoma cell line NTERA2 is recently used in a wide range of researches (from developmental biology to toxicology, for their ability to be induced to neural differentiation. In order to study the genetic potential of these cells, it is needed to use methods for gene silencing and/or mRNA interference, ...
Li Xiaoqing - - 2007
In order to investigate the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD) and study the enzymatic progress of amyloid precursor protein (APP), the fluorescent eukaryotic expression plasmid of C99 was constructed containing APP717 mutation. The fragment encoding the last 99-aa of APP (which was named C99 containing APP717 mutation), together with the ...
Yamaguchi Masayoshi - - 2007
The novel protein RGPR-p117 was discovered as a regucalcin gene promoter region-related protein that binds to the TTGGC motif using a yeast one-hybrid system. The role of RGPR-p117 in cell function has not been fully clarified. This study was undertaken to determine whether overexpression of RGPR-p117 regulates various types of ...
Li Xiangyong - - 2007
Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a tumor suppressor gene located at human chromosome 10q23, might play an important role in cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of cancer cells. In this study, the eukaryotic expression vectors pBP-wt-PTEN (containing a wild-type PTEN gene) and pBP-G129R-PTEN (containing a mutant PTEN gene) ...
Carapuça Elisabete - - 2007
A Real-Time PCR method was developed to monitor the plasmid copy number (PCN) in Escherichia coli and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. E. coli was transformed with plasmids containing a ColE1 or p15A origin of replication and CHO cells were transfected with a ColE1 derived plasmid used in DNA vaccination ...
Shi Zheng - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma is a highly aggressive, fatal malignancy, which is resistant to all current therapeutic approaches. The recent elevation in the incidence of cholangiocarcinoma has highlighted the need for novel approaches targeting the molecular basis of its invasiveness. Previously we reconstructed a RhoC antisense eukaryotic expression vector and transfected it ...
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