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Results 351 - 400 of 1868
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Forbes K - - 2009
The use of RNA interference (RNAi) to deplete individual proteins from cells or tissue has revolutionised our ability to characterise gene function. The placenta is an attractive target for studies in which the role of specific proteins can be compared with cell culture models and explanted villous tissue where physiological ...
Nguyen Juliane - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) could potentially be used as vectors for intracellular delivery of proteins, peptides and nucleic acids. The present study examined different CPPs, such as TAT-derived and arginine rich sequences, as well as model amphiphilic peptide, with respect to transfection efficiency of pegylated polyethylenimine (PEI) in A549, Calu-3 ...
Li Meining - - 2008
Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is often lethal when invasion and/or metastasis occur. NAD(+)-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH), an enzyme involved in prostaglandin (including PGE(2)) bio-inactivation, is down-expressed in several epithelial malignancies including CRC. Although its role in the suppression of colon tumorigenesis has been well learned, little is known about the role ...
Hu Chang-chen - - 2009
Human mesenchymal stem cells-like cells (hMSCs-like cells) were used as a tumor treatment platform for the systemic delivery of immunotoxin genes. VEGF165-PE38 recombinant immunotoxin served as the model system. hMSCs-like cells were isolated, expanded, and electroporated with the pIRES2-VEGF165PE38-EGFP plasmid. RT-PCR and ELISA were used to confirm the expression of ...
Wang Xiaohui - - 2009
Although glucocorticoid (GC) has been reported to inhibit macrophage killing activity and cytokine production in response to proinflammatory stimuli, the effect of GC on macrophage proliferation is controversial. In our previous study, we found that inhibition of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression in murine macrophage cell line RAW264.7 cells (RAW-GR(-) cells) ...
Prachumsri, Jetsumon
GFP plasmids were constructed and used for transfection of blood and sporozoite stages of P. vivax. GFP transformed parasites were observed when transfection was performed using blood stage parasites. Transfection of GFP plasmids into liver cells could enhance plasmid uptake of the sporozoites after invasion of the liver cells. Optimization ...
Claydon Kerry - - 2008
Primary cell cultures from crustacea have been initiated since the 1960s, yet no permanent cell line is available. Primary cells have a limited proliferative capacity in culture due to cellular senescence, which is regulated by a group of dominant senescence genes. The aim of this research was to manipulate cell ...
Wan Chidan - - 2008
The effect of target-directed regulation of the uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2) gene expression on the ischemia-reperfusion injury of hepatocytes under different conditions was investigated. The expression plasmid and RNAi plasmid targeting UCP-2 gene were constructed and transfected into normal hepatocytes and fatty liver cells, respectively. The expression of UCP-2 mRNA was ...
Midoux Patrick - - 2008
Lipoplexes and polyplexes, electrostatic complexes between a plasmid DNA and cationic lipids or polymers are chemical systems that are developed for gene delivery. Considerable efforts have been done to delineate the exact knowledge of their entry mechanisms and the intracellular routing of the plasmid DNA that are of major importance ...
Bolenz Christian C Department of Urology, Mannheim Medical Center, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany. - - 2008
To evaluate cellular uptake and urothelial penetration of oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) in transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) cell lines and in a porcine ex vivo model, respectively. A panel of human TCC cell lines (RT 112, HT 1197 and UM-UC3) were exposed tofluorescein-labeled ODNs. Transfection rates were assessed byfluorescence microscopy and fluorescence-activated ...
Grosse Stéphanie - - 2008
Polyethylenimine (PEI) is an efficient vector for in vitro and in vivo gene transfer into respiratory cells. Glycosylated PEIs were shown to enhance in vitro gene transfer by favoring the complex entry into the airway cells. The aim of our study was to evaluate the in vivo efficiency of gene ...
Wang Qi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the S100P and the sensitivity of ovarian cancer to chemotherapeutics. METHOD: We established stable cell lines of ovarian cancer cells, SKOV3 and OVCAR3, that overexpress human S100P. We also transiently transfected the parent cell lines with S100P-targeted siRNA for down-regulation of S100P expression. The ...
Wu Hongmei - - 2008
A white ear lobe chicken embryo (WELCE) fibroblast cell bank, containing 322 tubes of frozen cells, was successfully established from primary explants of 57 embryo samples. The cells were morphologically consistent with fibroblasts, and the growth curve was sigmoidal with a population doubling time (PDT) of 48 h. Karyotyping and ...
Zhang Xulang - - 2008
To demonstrate the transplantation of drug-secreting cells with immunoprotection, a biodegradable delivery device combining two nanoporous capsules is developed using secretory alkaline phosphatase gene (SEAP) transfected mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells as a model system. The outer capsule is a poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG)-coated poly (epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) chamber covered with ...
Onuki-Nagasaki Reiko - - 2008
Cell migration plays a major role in a variety of biological processes and a detailed understanding of associated mechanisms should lead to advances in the medical sciences, for example, in drug discovery for cancer therapy. However, the traditional methods used for analysis of cell migration cannot easily be scaled up ...
Afrasiabi A - - 2008
Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) is a recessively inherited bleeding disorder caused by the quantitative or qualitative deficiency of the platelet fibrinogen receptor, integrin alphaIIbbeta3. The N-terminal domain of the alphaIIb subunit is folded in a beta-propeller that plays the role of binding fibrinogen and associating with the ligand-binding region of beta3. ...
Kang Sung-Koo - - 2008
By employing proteomics analysis tool, we examined the effects of GD3 synthase expression on the differentiation properties of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)-derived leukemia cells K562. Forced expression of GD3 synthase induced erythroid differentiation as determined by an increase in glycophorin A expression and synthesis of hemoglobins. The proteomic analysis revealed ...
Kim Kyung-Nam - - 2008
Caveolin-1 (CAV1) is an integral membrane protein that may function as a scaffold for plasma membrane proteins and acts as a tumor suppressor protein. One causative factor of chemotherapy-resistant cancers is P-plycoprotein (P-gp), the product of the multidrug resistance-1 gene (MDR1), which is localized in the caveolar structure. Currently, the ...
Morgan Kevin K Medical Research Council Human Reproductive Sciences Unit, Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre, Edinburgh, United Kingdom. - - 2008
Activation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptors inhibits proliferation of transformed cells derived from reproductive tissues and in transfected cell lines. Hence, GnRH receptors represent a therapeutic target for direct action of GnRH analogues on certain proliferating cells. However, more cell biological data are required to develop this particular application of ...
Lei Ming - - 2008
A Ti:sapphire femtosecond laser micro-manipulation system was used to perforate vital cells. Propidium iodide was successfully transferred into both astrocytes and PC12 cells via the channel of a femtosecond laser, which induced transiently recoverable opening of the cell membrane. The transfection efficiency reached almost 100%. This method also had the ...
Sakaguchi Naoki - - 2008
We previously developed potent nonviral vectors based on complexation of lipoplexes and pH-sensitive fusogenic liposomes, which achieve efficient transfection through membrane fusion with intracellular acidic compartments such as endosomes. Because transferrin receptor is known to be overexpressed in cancer cells, in this study, we investigated the effect of transferrin as ...
Bishop Cecily V CV Oregon State University, Departments of Biochemistry/Biophysics and Animal Sciences, Corvallis, - - 2008
The present study was conducted to determine if progesterone (P4) would inhibit oxytocin-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis in COS-7 cells expressing transfected ovine oxytocin receptor (OTR) with little or no nuclear P4 receptor (nPR) protein present. The relative absence of nPR in these cells was confirmed by immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR. To investigate ...
Backliwal Gaurav - - 2008
Transient transfection allows for fast production of recombinant proteins. However, the current bottlenecks in transient transfection are low titers and low specific productivity compared to stable cell lines. Here, we report an improved transient transfection protocol that yields titers exceeding 1 g/l in HEK293E cells. This was achieved by combining ...
Wang Chen-Yu - - 2008
The plasmid origin of replication, oriP, of Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) was identified in an assay to detect autonomously replicating sequences (ARSs) in human cells. Raji ori, a second origin in EBV, functions in vivo but fails in long-term ARS assays. We examined the initiating element, DS, within oriP and Raji ...
Erfle Holger - - 2008
Solid-phase reverse transfection on cell microarrays is a high-throughput method for the parallel transfection of mammalian cells. However, the cells transfected in this way have been restricted so far to microscopy-based analyses. Analysis methods such as reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and access to higher cell numbers for statistical reasons ...
Modi, Ami
The objective of my research is to study the role of BRCA1 in breast cancer by determining how BARD1 phosphorylation affects the checkpoint and DNA repair functions of the BRCA1/BARD1 heterodimer. In my original application, I proposed to examine the role of BARD1 phosphorylation in the checkpoint functions of BRCA1 ...
Matragkou Christina N - - 2008
Evidence now exists to indicate that some ribosomal proteins besides being structural components of the ribosomal subunits are involved in the regulation of cell differentiation and apoptosis. As we have shown earlier, initiation of erythroid differentiation of murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells is associated with transcriptional inactivation of genes encoding ribosomal ...
Xiang Ting-Xiu - - 2008
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: The role of heat shock protein (HSP) 70 in gastric cancer has been extensively examined in many studies for the past decade. It has been demonstrated that over-expression of Hsp70 might play important role in malignant transformation and maintenance of malignant phenotypes. Therefore, silencing the Hsp70 gene ...
Hematulin, Arunee
The Nbs1 protein (nibrin, p95) is a member of the DNA repair/checkpoint complex Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 (MRN), which plays a critical role in the cellular responses to DNA damage, cell cycle checkpoints, and telomere and genome stability. Many transgenic models in mice and clinical symptoms of NBS patients have clearly shown that ...
Kriska Tamas T Department of Biochemistry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2008
A novel approach for selecting high expressing cells out of a general population that had been transfected with a construct encoding cytosolic type 4 glutathione peroxidase (GPx4) is reported. The approach is described for GPx4-null COH-BR1 breast tumor cells and is based on use of a highly specific GPx4 substrate, ...
Ong S P - - 2008
In this study, the efficacies of short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeting different regions of West Nile virus (WNV) strain Sarafend genome were investigated. Short hairpin RNAs targeting Capsid, NS2B and NS4B genes were cloned into pSilencer 3.1-H1 neo and designated as pshCapsid, pshNS2B and pshNS4B, respectively. Vero cells that were ...
Yao C P - - 2008
The plasma membrane of mammalian cells can be transiently permeablized by optical means and exogenous materials or genes can be introduced into the cytoplasm of living cells. Until now, few mechanisms were exploited for the manipulation: laser is directly and tightly focused on the cells for optoinjection, laser-induced stress waves, ...
Zhang Yan - - 2008
Single-cell microinjection has been successfully used to deliver exogenous proteins, cDNA constructs, peptides, drugs and particles into transfection-challenged cells. With precisely controlled delivery dosage and timing, microinjection has been used in many studies of primary cultured cells, transgenic animal production, in vitro fertilization and RNA inference. This review discusses the ...
Sikarwar Arun P - - 2008
Several genes/gene products are known to act in a concert to regulate the process of spermatogenesis. One such gene is c-kit, a transmembrane tyrosine kinase receptor which plays an indispensable role in the maturation and differentiation of spermatogonial germ cells (SGCs). In the present study, siRNA approach was used to ...
Havenga M J E - - 2008
Stable E1 transformed cells, like PER.C6, are able to grow at scale and to high cell densities. E1-deleted adenoviruses replicate to high titer in PER.C6 cells whereas subsequent deletion of E2A from the vector results in absence of replication in PER.C6 cells and drastically lowers the expression of adenovirus proteins ...
Breunig Miriam - - 2008
Poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) has gained increasing attention in the delivery of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) into cells. In order to further optimize PEI for this application, the first goal of this study was to examine particular steps of siRNA delivery with various PEI derivatives as carriers. Furthermore, the hypothesis that ...
Yuba Eiji - - 2008
Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent professional antigen presenting cells that are useful for cancer immunotherapy. We previously reported the preparation and characterization of complexes of lipoplexes with pH-sensitive fusogenic liposomes, which comprise polymers based on poly(glycidol) with carboxyl groups, to transfect various malignant cell lines. The present study applied this ...
Yan Xue-Bing - - 2008
AIM: To investigate the influence of different quasispecies of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b core protein on growth of Chang liver cells. METHODS: Three eukaryotic expression plasmids (pEGFP-N1/core) that contained different quasispecies truncated core proteins of HCV genotype 1b were constructed. These were derived from tumor (T) and non-tumor ...
Jorge Soraia A C - - 2008
Drosophila melanogaster S2 cells were transfected with a plasmid vector (pAcHBsAgHy) containing the S gene, coding for the hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg), under control of the constitutive drosophila actin promoter (pAc), and the hygromycin B (Hy) selection gene. The vector was introduced into Schneider 2 (S2) Drosophila cells ...
Gusachenko Simonova Olesya N - - 2008
Antisense oligonucleotides and double-stranded small interfering RNAs have become an important instrument for the manipulation of gene expression in molecular biology experiments and a promising tool for the development of gene-targeted therapeutics. One of the main impediments in the use of oligonucleotide-based therapeutics is their poor uptake by target cells. ...
Orimo Hideo - - 2008
Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) plays a key role in mineralization. A defect in the TNAP gene causes hypophosphatasia, which is characteristic of systemic skeletal hypomineralization. To determine the mineralizing ability of the mutant proteins, we developed a functional assay that uses U2OS osteoblast-like cells. Expression plasmids containing TNAP mutant cDNAs ...
Luo Geng-Qiu GQ Department of Pathology, Basic School of Medicine, Central South University, Changsha 410008, Hunan Province, - - 2008
To study the effect of the transfected Twist gene on invasion and metastasis of gastric carcinoma cells and the possible mechanisms involved. Human gastric carcinoma MKN28 cells were stably transfected with Twist sense plasmid, and MKN45 cells were stably transfected with Twist antisense plasmid using the lipofectamine transfection technique. RT-PCR, ...
del Pozo-Rodríguez A - - 2008
Retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells are usually employed to study DNA systems for diseases related to problems in the retina. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) have been shown to be useful non-viral vectors for gene therapy. The objective of this work was to evaluate the transfection capacity of SLNs in the ...
Vassanelli S - - 2008
Single-cell experiments represent the next frontier for biochemical and gene expression research. Although bulk-scale methods averaging populations of cells have been traditionally used to investigate cellular behavior, they mask individual cell features and can lead to misleading or insufficient biological results. We report on a single-cell electroporation microarray enabling the ...
Bodreddigari Sridevi S Department of Biology and W. Harry Feinstone Center for Genomic Research, University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee 38152, - - 2008
The reduction of the aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1) dialdehyde metabolite to its corresponding mono and dialcohols, catalyzed by aflatoxin B 1-aldehyde reductase (AFAR, rat AKR7A1, and human AKR7A3), is greatly increased in livers of rats treated with numerous chemoprotective agents. Recombinant human AKR7A3 has been shown to reduce the ...
Giesbers Maikel E - - 2008
Melanopsin, first discovered in Xenopus melanophores, is now established as a functional sensory photopigment of the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells. These ganglion cells drive circadian rhythm and pupillary adjustments through projection to the brain. Melanopsin shares structural similarities with all known opsins. Comprehensive characterization of melanopsin with respect to ...
Liu Hai-Feng - - 2008
AIM: To study the effect of type 1 Na(+)/H(+) exchanger (NHE1) antisense human gene transfection on the biological behavior of gastric carcinoma cell line SGC-7901. METHODS: Antisense NHE1 eukaryotic expression on vector pcDNA3.1 was constructed by recombinant DNA technique and transfected into gastric carcinoma cell line SGC-7901 with DOTAP liposome ...
Xia Yun - - 2008
In order to evaluate the effect of mitofusin-2 gene (mfn2) on proliferation and chemotherapy sensitivity of human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7 in vitro, pEGFPmfn2 plasmid carrying full length of mitofusin-2 gene was transfected, by using sofast, into MCF-7 cells. Mitofusin-2 gene expression in MCF-7 cells transfected by sofast after ...
Park Jong Kuk - - 2008
PURPOSE: To identify the role of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) during gamma-ionizing radiation (gamma-IR) treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer cells. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Wild-type PTEN or mutant forms of PTEN plasmids were transfected to construct stable transfectants of the NCI-H1299 non-small-cell lung cancer cell line. ...
Han Joo Youn - - 2008
A novel cancer-cell-specific gene delivery vector with high transfection efficiency was designed and tested with an in vitro coculture consisting of the human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line, HEC-1A cells, and normal endometrial stromal cells. For the cancer-cell targeting, polyethylenimine (PEI), a cationic polymer that can be easily combined with anionic ...
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