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Results 301 - 350 of 1865
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Lentacker Ine - - 2009
Recently we reported that the transfection of cells by PEGylated lipoplexes becomes significantly better by binding the PEGylated lipoplexes to the surface of microbubbles and applying ultrasound. To further optimize this gene delivery system it is important to understand the working mechanism. This paper elucidates the cellular entry path of ...
Gilling Christine E - - 2009
The intent of this study was to characterize the effect OTK18 upregulation in monocytic cells had on neuronal survival. The human monocytic cell line, U937, was differentiated into macrophages or left as an undifferentiated monocyte. These cells were transfected with a plasmid containing the enhanced green fluorescent protein and OTK18 ...
Zhou Bisheng B Institute of Watershed Science and Environmental Ecology, Wenzhou Medical College, 325035 Wenzhou, People's Republic of - - 2009
Preparation of heteroduplexes in large quantities with high purity is essential for the measurement of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) activity. Here we report a rapid, less labor-intensive method for the preparation of a heteroduplex plasmid that expresses the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) if the mismatch is repaired correctly. The ...
Chen Dai-lun - - 2009
G-protein-coupled formylpeptide receptor (FPR) has recently been found to be functionally expressed in gliomas and are probably involved in their malignant biological behavior. In an attempt to explore the therapeutic significance of FPRs, we used wild-type human glioblastoma cells (U87), the corresponding FPR short-interfering RNA transfected (siRNA U87) cells, and ...
Ishiguro Kimiko K Department of Pharmacology and Developmental Therapeutics Program, Cancer Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2009
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) induces granulocytic maturation of WEHI-3B D+ leukemia cells and LiCl enhances this maturation, while WEHI-3B D- cells are non-responsive to ATRA. Transfection of SCL, expressed in D- but absent in D+ cells, into D+ cells, caused resistance to ATRA, while transfection of GATA-1 into D+ cells ...
Picchietti S - - 2009
The thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (TSHr) was made specifically fluorescent by insertion of a tetracysteine motif (TSHr-FlAsH) into the C-terminal end and transiently transfected into COS-7 and HeLa cells. The observation that TSH administration caused the intracellular level of cAMP to increase in both TSHr-FlAsH-transfected cell types indicated that the ...
Gao Jay G - - 2009
GS2 (PNPLA4; iPLAeta) is the smallest member of the patatin-like family of phospholipases (PNPLA). It was initially identified by its ability to hydrolyze retinylesters (RE) in cell homogenates, and was later found to esterify retinol using a variety of acyl donors. In the present study we set out to determine ...
Lentacker Ine - - 2009
Recently we reported that the transfection of cells by PEGylated lipoplexes becomes significantly better by binding the PEGylated lipoplexes to the surface of microbubbles and applying ultrasound. To further optimize this gene delivery system it is important to understand the working mechanism. This paper elucidates the cellular entry path of ...
Mordica Whitney J - - 2009
CD81 is an integral membrane protein belonging to the tetraspanin superfamily. It has two extracellular domains that interact with cell surface proteins and two intracellular tails that contribute to cellular processes. Although there are considerable data about how CD81 affects T- and B-cell function, not much is known about how ...
Zhang Bingqi - - 2009
PURPOSE: In this study, the novel poly(diethylaminoethylmethacrylate) (PDEAEM)/Pluronic F127 pentablock copolymers were found to be able to mediate high-efficiency transfection of human epithelial ovarian carcinoma (SKOV3) cell line while showing significantly lower efficacy in human epithelial retinal (ARPE-19) cell line and Swiss Mouse Fibroblast (3T3) cell line. METHODS: The intracellular ...
Xiao Jun - - 2009
The effect of B cell-specific MLV integration site-1 (Bmi-1) RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated inhibition of Bmi-1 expression on the proliferation, apoptosis, and invasiveness of human gastric carcinoma AGS cells was investigated. RT-PCR and Western blot analyses demonstrated that Bmi-1 expression and the Bmi-1 protein level were significantly decreased in Bmi-1 shRNA ...
Xu Tao - - 2009
In this study a novel method of simultaneous gene transfection and cell delivery based on inkjet printing technology is described. Plasmids encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) were coprinted with living cells (porcine aortic endothelial [PAE] cells) through the ink cartridge nozzles of modified commercial inkjet printers. Agarose gel electrophoresis analysis ...
Zeitelhofer Manuel - - 2009
The transfection of expression constructs encoding a variety of transgenes is a widely used method to study gene function in cultured cells. Especially when the efficiency of the knock-down of target proteins via small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) is to be determined by quantitative Western blotting, large proportions of untransfected cells ...
Lee Jimmy S - - 2009
A major obstacle in studying monocyte cell biology has been the resistance of these cells to genetic manipulation, particularly when using nonviral methods. In the approach outlined in this chapter, we describe a strategy for stable gene silencing of monocytic cells. Using a vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-pseudotyped lentiviral vector expressing ...
Igarashi Akira - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Gly80Ser polymorphism in phospholipase A2-IID (PLA2G2D, NCBI SNP reference: rs584367) is associated with a loss in body weight in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The T allele missense mutation results in the 80th amino acid of the PLA2G2D protein changing from a glycine (Gly; C allele) ...
Tian M - - 2009
To investigate the effect of proteasomes reactivator REG gamma on cell cycle and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, we first constructed recombinant plasmid of PcDNA3.1-REGgamma and then transfected REGgamma into MDA-MB-231 cell line. We confirmed the transfection efficiency by Western blot. Subsequently, we observed cell growth, cycle ...
Chenuet Sebastien - - 2009
Gene transfer methods for producing recombinant cell lines are often not very efficient. One reason is that the recombinant DNA is delivered into the cell cytoplasm and only a small fraction reaches the nucleus. This chapter describes a method for microinjecting DNA directly into the nucleus. Direct injection has several ...
Xi Ling - - 2009
To investigate the pro-angiogenic factors stimulated by human papillomavirus type 16 E6 and E7 protein in C33A and human fibroblasts. HPV-16 E6 and E7 genes were transfected into C33A and HFB to detect the profiling of angiogenesis-associated factors with the TranSignal angiogenesis antibody array. The mRNA and protein levels of ...
Cai Ming-Jun - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobin-like domains 3 (LRIG3), a member of LRIG gene family, is down-regulated in various human cancers, but its functions are still unclear. This study was to explore the effect of RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated LRIG3 gene silencing on the proliferation of glioma GL15 cells and ...
Carbone Roberta - - 2009
Microarrays have become common tools for approaching different experimental questions: DNA, protein and peptide arrays offer the power of multiplexing the assay and by means of miniaturization technology, the possibility to reduce cost and amount of samples and reagents. Recently, a novel technology for functional assays has been proposed. Sabatini ...
Speroni Lucía - - 2009
Murine melanoma B16F0 cells were transfected with SA:DPPC:DOPE (2:1:1 molar ratio) liposomes associated with a plasmid encoding murine IL-12. Stearylamine, a cationic lipid, showed a greater transfection efficiency compared to DOTAP-containing liposomes. The lipid:DNA ratio was 2:1 (w/w). Control groups were mock transfected or transfected with an empty plasmid (pNeo). ...
Zhang Shuhong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a lethal malignancy with high rate of metastasis and poor prognosis. There are no effective managements to block metastasis of HCC. Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is found to be a tumor transformation suppressor. Among investigations on effects of PDCD4, little is about the metastatic ...
Jing Yuan - - 2009
PURPOSE: Human tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2) is a potent inhibitor of plasmin, which activates metalloproteinases involved in extracellular matrix degradation. Its secretion in the extracellular matrix makes TFPI-2 a potential inhibitor of tumor cell invasion. However, no studies have yet evaluated the wound-healing activities of human Tenon's capsule fibroblasts ...
Kilroy Gail - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fully differentiated adipocytes are considered to be refractory to introduction of siRNA via lipid-based transfection. However, large scale siRNA-based loss-of-function screening of adipocytes using either electroporation or virally-mediated transfection approaches can be prohibitively complex and expensive. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We present a method for introducing small interfering RNA (siRNA) into ...
Lindgren Kristina - - 2009
An automated platform for development of high producing cell lines for biopharmaceutical production has been established in order to increase throughput and reduce development costs. The concept is based on the Cello robotic system (The Automation Partnership) and covers screening for colonies and expansion of static cultures. In this study, ...
Paramio Jesús M - - 2009
The intermediate filament (IF) proteins have been recently found as dynamic structures that influence several aspects of cell homeostasis. Here, two alternative approaches to study the dynamics of IF proteins are described: the formation of cell hybrids by the fusion of different parental cells, and the transfection of keratin genes ...
Mejia-Pous Camila - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Stable transgenesis is an undeniable key to understanding any genetic system. Retrovirus-based insertional strategies, which feature several technical challenges when they are used, are often limited to one particular species, and even sometimes to a particular cell type as the infection depends on certain cellular receptors. A universal-like system, ...
Lu Van B - - 2009
Primary neuronal cell cultures are valuable tools to study protein function since they represent a more biologically relevant system compared to immortalized cell lines. However, the post-mitotic nature of primary neurons prevents effective heterologous protein expression using common procedures such as electroporation or chemically-mediated transfection. Thus, other techniques must be ...
Reid Glen - - 2009
Ribonucleotide reductase (RR) has an essential role in DNA synthesis and repair and is a therapeutic target in a number of different cancers. Previous studies have shown that RNAi-mediated knockdown of either the RRM1 or RRM2 subunit sensitizes cells to the cytotoxic effects of the nucleoside analogs and more recently ...
Liu Juanjuan - - 2009
Lewis y antigen is difucosylated oligosaccharide and is carried by glycoconjugates at cell surface. Elevated expression of Lewis y has been found in 75% of ovarian tumor, and the high expression level is correlated to the tumor's pathological staging and prognosis. This study was to investigate the effect and the ...
Shi Hong - - 2009
Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) is one of the most common malignancies of salivary gland. Recurrence or/and early metastasis is its biological properties. In SACC, neoplastic myoepithelial cells secrete proteoglycans unconventionally full of the cribriform or tubular and glandular structures of SACC. Literatures have demonstrated that extracellular matrix provided an ...
Meng Yuanguang - - 2009
Inhibitor of differentiation 2 (Id2) is a critical factor for cell proliferation and differentiation in normal vertebrate development. Most of the biological function of Id2 has been ascribed to its helix-loop-helix motif. Overexpression of Id2 is frequently observed in various human tumors, but its role for invasion potential in tumor ...
Butler Trina M - - 2009
In the fusion pathway of trophoblast differentiation, stem villous cytotrophoblast cells proliferate and daughter cells differentiate and fuse with existing syncytiotrophoblast to maintain the multi-nucleated layer. Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is highly expressed in 1st and 2nd trimester villous cytotrophoblast cells, yet barely detectable in syncytiotrophoblast, thus we examined the potential ...
Nettleship Joanne E JE Oxford Protein Production Facility, Welcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Oxford, - - 2009
In this chapter, protocols for the growth and transfection of Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK) 293T cells for small scale expression screening and large scale protein production are described. Transient expression in mammalian cells offers a method of rapidly producing glycoproteins with a relatively high throughput. HEK 293T cells, in particular, ...
Cho Seong-Keun - - 2009
The production of transgenic pigs using somatic cell nuclear transfer (scNT) has been widely described, but a technique for removing nontransfected donor cells and for creating different founder animals has not yet been fully elucidated. In this study, four different expression vectors (pBC1hEPO, pMARBC1hEPO, pBC1hEPOwpre and pMARBC1hEPOwpre) were compared to ...
Gao Yu - - 2009
The aim of this work is to investigate the effect of betaine substitution degree of chitosan N-betainates (CsB) on cellular uptake, cytotoxicity and transfection efficiency of CsB/DNA complex nanoparticles (CsBNs) against COS-7 and MDA-MB-468 cells. The polymers with three substitution degrees (CsB12, CsB47 and CsB85) complexed with pDNA formed CsBN12s, ...
He Hao - - 2008
We report the transfection of human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) cells by femtosecond (fs) laser pulses at 1554 nm. It was found that HepG2 cells could be perforated transiently to admit propidium iodide by that laser. This photoporation was safe, as the membrane resealed itself within a short time and no mitochondrial ...
Chen Pei-Hsuan - - 2008
Many cancers develop different means of escaping destruction by the immune system, such as resistance to Fas ligand (FasL)-Fas interaction-mediated apoptotic signals. Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), a soluble receptor for FasL, is highly expressed in cancer cells and plays a significant role in immune suppression and tumor progression. However, how ...
Karoubi Golnaz - - 2008
The induction of therapeutic angiogenesis with gene therapy approaches has received considerable interest and some limited clinical success. A major drawback to this approach is a lack of understanding of the pharmacokinetics of therapeutic protein delivery. This has become increasingly more relevant as recent studies have illustrated a defined therapeutic ...
Chenuet Sebastien - - 2008
Transfection with polyethylenimine (PEI) was evaluated as a method for the generation of recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO DG44) cell lines by direct comparison with calcium phosphate-DNA coprecipitation (CaPO4) using both green fluorescent protein (GFP) and a monoclonal antibody as reporter proteins. Following transfection with a GFP expression vector, the ...
Nydert Per - - 2008
The gene transfer mediated by chitosan in CFBE41o(-) (a cystic-fibrosis bronchial epithelial cell line) and HEK (a human embryonic kidney cell line) has been evaluated. Polyplexes based on chitosan and PEI (polyethyleneimine) using a luciferase and enhanced green fluorescent protein reporter plasmid showed that the transfection efficacy of polyplexes in ...
Dai Huei-Yue - - 2008
Carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII) is distinguished from the other members of the CA family by low carbon dioxide hydratase activity, resistance to the CA inhibitor acetazolamide, and a predominant expression in the liver of males. In this report the effects of CAIII expression on liver cancer cells invasiveness were explored. ...
Jordan Elizabeth T - - 2008
Electroporation is a valuable tool for nucleic acid delivery because it can be used for a wide variety of cell types. Many scientists are shifting toward the use of cell types that are more relevant to in vivo applications, including primary cells, which are considered difficult to transfect. The ability ...
Anastasov Natasa - - 2009
RNA interference is a powerful tool for the functional analysis of proteins by specific gene knockdown. In this study, we devised a rapid and efficient way to screen suitable siRNA sequences and subsequently employ them for specific gene knockdown in usually hard-to-transfect lymphoid cell lines, using a self-inactivating lentiviral vector. ...
Kang Hyunmin H Division of Molecular Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, - - 2008
Targeted delivery can potentially improve the pharmacological effects of antisense and siRNA oligonucleotides. Here, we describe a novel bioconjugation approach to the delivery of splice-shifting antisense oligonucleotides (SSOs). The SSOs are linked to albumin via reversible S-S bonds. The albumin is also conjugated with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) chains that terminate ...
Chamba Anita - - 2008
RT-PCR confirmed that human cell lines of diverse peripheral origins express transcripts for the serotonin transporter (sert/slc6a4). Molecular weights reported for the translated protein appear to be quite variable however. Here we compared directly immunoreactive protein generated from cloned sert transfected into HEK293 with that carried endogenously among the cell ...
Haag J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The development of a reliable high-throughput transfection protocol for primary human articular chondrocytes. METHODS: Primary human chondrocytes were isolated from adult knee cartilage by an optimized enzymatic digestion protocol and cultivated in high-density monolayer culture for 3-5 days. Isolated chondrocytes were transfected with a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-expressing reporter ...
Forbes K - - 2009
The use of RNA interference (RNAi) to deplete individual proteins from cells or tissue has revolutionised our ability to characterise gene function. The placenta is an attractive target for studies in which the role of specific proteins can be compared with cell culture models and explanted villous tissue where physiological ...
Nguyen Juliane - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) could potentially be used as vectors for intracellular delivery of proteins, peptides and nucleic acids. The present study examined different CPPs, such as TAT-derived and arginine rich sequences, as well as model amphiphilic peptide, with respect to transfection efficiency of pegylated polyethylenimine (PEI) in A549, Calu-3 ...
Li Meining - - 2008
Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is often lethal when invasion and/or metastasis occur. NAD(+)-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH), an enzyme involved in prostaglandin (including PGE(2)) bio-inactivation, is down-expressed in several epithelial malignancies including CRC. Although its role in the suppression of colon tumorigenesis has been well learned, little is known about the role ...
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