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Results 251 - 300 of 1839
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Wang Manyan - - 2009
Single-cell transfection of adherent cells has been accomplished using single-cell electroporation (SCEP) with a pulled capillary. HEPES-buffered physiological saline solution containing pEGFP plasmid at a low concentration (0.16 approximately 0.78 microg/microL) filled a 15 cm long capillary with a tip opening of 2 microm. The electric field is applied to ...
Obata Yosuke - - 2010
We investigated the ability of cationic liposomes composed of 1,5-dihexadecyl N-arginyl-L-glutamate (Arg-Glu2C(16)) to carry nucleic acids into neuronal cells. Such liposomes have been shown to have a remarkable capacity for transfecting immortalized cell lines. Lipoplexes between the Arg-Glu2C(16) liposomes and plasmid DNA encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) were analyzed in ...
Li Shujun - - 2009
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Na+/H+ exchanger-1 (NHE-1) antisense gene on drug-resistant human small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell proliferation and apoptosis. A recombinant NHE-1 antisense gene was transfected into drug-resistant human SCLC H446/CDDP cells. Intracellular pH (pHi) was measured with fluorescence spectrophotometry. ...
Bendaly J - - 2009
2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) is carcinogenic in multiple organs and numerous species. Bioactivation of PhIP is initiated by PhIP N(2)-hydroxylation catalysed by cytochrome P450s. Following N-hydroxylation, O-acetylation catalysed by N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) is considered a further possible activation pathway. Genetic polymorphisms in NAT2 may modify cancer risk following exposure. Nucleotide excision repair-deficient ...
Günzel Dorothee - - 2009
The tight junction protein claudin-10 is known to exist in two isoforms, resulting from two alternative exons, 1a and 1b (Cldn10a, Cldn10b). Here, we identified and characterized another four claudin-10 splice variants in mouse and human. One (Cldn10a_v1) results from an alternative splice donor site, causing a deletion of the ...
Canine Brenda F - - 2009
A novel multi-domain biopolymer was designed and genetically engineered with the purpose to target and transfect cancer cells. The biopolymer contains at precise locations: 1) repeating units of arginine and histidine to condense pDNA and lyse endosome membranes, 2) a HER2 targeting affibody to target cancer cells, 3) a pH ...
Yang Jianli - - 2009
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is closely involved in angiogenesis and tumor growth of various cancers, but its role in cervical cancer remains to be defined. We investigated the effects of bFGF on HeLa cell growth and studied its influence on the expression of angiogenin. We transfected the bFGF gene ...
Hiwatashi Kiyokazu - - 2009
It has previously been reported that RAGE plays a role in resisting hypoxia in cancer cells. Here the mechanism of resistance of RAGE-transfected Cos7 cells to hypoxia is investigated from the standpoint of apoptosis. RAGE-transfected and mock-transfected Cos7 cells were subjected to hypoxia for 12, 24 and 36 h in ...
Yang Yan - - 2009
In order to investigate the effect of chitosan/pshRNA plasmid nanoparticles targeting MDR1 genes on the resistance of A2780/TS cells to paclitaxel, chitosan/pshRNA plasmid nanoparticles were synthesized by means of a complex coacervation technique and transfected into A2780/TS cells. The cells transfected with MDR1-targeted chitosan/pshRNA plasmid nanoparticles were experimental cells and ...
Wang Lijun - - 2009
To investigate various protocols for magnetic labeling of human cancer cells with ferumoxides with a view to developing an effective and fast technique for potential clinical use in MRI. Transfection methods utilizing poly-L-lysine and protamine sulfate (PS), electroporation, and combination of PS with electroporation were evaluated in this in vitro ...
Deng Haiyun - - 2009
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP), a member of the TGF-beta superfamily, have broad activities in regulating various kinds of cellular behaviors. Previously, we have demonstrated that BMP-4 is up-regulated in human colonic adenocarcinoma and promotes the invasive phenotypes of human colorectal cancer HCT116 cells. Smad4 is a central mediator in BMP ...
Xue Wanli - - 2009
Metallothionein (MT) is a metal binding protein and cardioprotective. In order to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of MT in the heart, in the current study we established a stable MT-IIA over-expressing cardiac cell line, and evaluated its anti-oxidative property. Rat heart-derived H9c2 cell line was stably transfected ...
Stern Liron - - 2009
Chemotherapeutic treatment of neoplastic diseases is often restricted by adverse systemic toxicity, which limits the dose of drug that can be administered, or by the appearance of drug resistance. Therefore, novel targeted therapeutic approaches are being developed to improve current conventional therapy in order to increase specificity and biocompatibility, and ...
Zuo Xiaofeng - - 2009
Primary cilia are found on many epithelial cell types, including renal tubular epithelial cells, in which they are felt to participate in flow sensing and have been linked to the pathogenesis of cystic renal disorders such as autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. We previously localized the exocyst, an eight-protein complex ...
Hufnagel Hansjörg - - 2009
We present a modular system of microfluidic PDMS devices designed to incorporate the steps necessary for cell biological assays based on mammalian tissue culture 'on-chip'. The methods described herein include the on-chip immobilization and culturing of cells as well as their manipulation by transfection. Assessment of cell viability by flow ...
Miyake Masato - - 2009
Microarray transfection has been extensively studied for high-throughput functional analysis of mammalian cells. However, control of efficiency and reproducibility are the critical issues for practical use. By using solid-phase transfection accelerators and nano-scaffold, we provide a highly efficient and reproducible microarray-transfection device, "transfection microarray". The device would be applied to ...
Ji Yanbin - - 2009
Although glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) has been used in the treatment of angina for many years, details of its conversion to the proximal activator (presumed to be NO or an NO congener) of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) are still unclear. We reported previously that purified microsomal glutathione transferase 1 (MGST1) mediates ...
Grol Simone - - 2009
To identify the cells expressing the M(3) muscarinic receptor subtype in the lamina propria of the bladder. The bladders from five normal guinea pigs were isolated and fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde. Tissues sections (10 microm) were then cut and stained with antibodies to the type 3 muscarinic receptor (M(3)), the ...
Stewart H J - - 2009
Large-scale production of gene therapeutics comprising equine infectious anaemia virus (EIAV) -based lentiviral vectors (LVs) would benefit from the development of producer cell lines enabling the generation of larger quantities of vector than achievable by transient systems. Such cell lines would contain three vector components (Gag/Pol, VSV-G envelope and genome ...
Mehier-Humbert Sophie - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to further understand the mechanisms involved in ultrasound-mediated delivery of DNA (sonoporation); in particular, to understand how a plasmid should be formulated with an ultrasound contrast agent (UCA). Different polymer adjuvant-UCA combinations were formulated, and their impact on in vitro DNA transfection, was determined, ...
Xia Hongping - - 2009
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of endogenous, small non-protein coding single-stranded RNA molecules, which are crucial post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. Previous studies have shown that miRNAs participate in a wide range of biological functions and play important roles in various human diseases including glioma. However, the role of miRNAs ...
Pan Bifeng - - 2009
With the aim of improving the amount and delivery efficiency of genes taken by carbon nanotubes into human cancer cells, different generations of polyamidoamine dendrimer modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes (dMNTs) were fabricated, and characterized by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared ...
He M - - 2009
Epidermal growth faxtor receptor (EGFR)-vIII mutant has been demonstrated to over-express as prostatic neoplasms progressed from intraepithelial changes to metastatic disease. In this study, we transfected the EGFRvIII expression vector into an immortalized normal prostate epithelium cell line RWPE-1 and established stable transfectants. The cell growth, glandular morphogenesis, cell motility, ...
Omidi Yadollah - - 2009
Although nonviral dendrimeric nanostructures have been widely used as gene delivery systems, key questions about target cells responses to these nanostructures are yet to be answered. Here, we report the responsiveness of A431 and A549 cells upon treatment with polypropylenimine diaminobutane (DAB) dendrimers nanosystems. Complexation of DAB dendrimers with DNA ...
Lentacker Ine - - 2009
Recently we reported that the transfection of cells by PEGylated lipoplexes becomes significantly better by binding the PEGylated lipoplexes to the surface of microbubbles and applying ultrasound. To further optimize this gene delivery system it is important to understand the working mechanism. This paper elucidates the cellular entry path of ...
Gilling Christine E - - 2009
The intent of this study was to characterize the effect OTK18 upregulation in monocytic cells had on neuronal survival. The human monocytic cell line, U937, was differentiated into macrophages or left as an undifferentiated monocyte. These cells were transfected with a plasmid containing the enhanced green fluorescent protein and OTK18 ...
Zhou Bisheng - - 2009
Preparation of heteroduplexes in large quantities with high purity is essential for the measurement of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) activity. Here we report a rapid, less labor-intensive method for the preparation of a heteroduplex plasmid that expresses the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) if the mismatch is repaired correctly. The ...
Chen Dai-lun - - 2009
G-protein-coupled formylpeptide receptor (FPR) has recently been found to be functionally expressed in gliomas and are probably involved in their malignant biological behavior. In an attempt to explore the therapeutic significance of FPRs, we used wild-type human glioblastoma cells (U87), the corresponding FPR short-interfering RNA transfected (siRNA U87) cells, and ...
Ishiguro Kimiko - - 2009
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) induces granulocytic maturation of WEHI-3B D+ leukemia cells and LiCl enhances this maturation, while WEHI-3B D- cells are non-responsive to ATRA. Transfection of SCL, expressed in D- but absent in D+ cells, into D+ cells, caused resistance to ATRA, while transfection of GATA-1 into D+ cells ...
Picchietti S - - 2009
The thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (TSHr) was made specifically fluorescent by insertion of a tetracysteine motif (TSHr-FlAsH) into the C-terminal end and transiently transfected into COS-7 and HeLa cells. The observation that TSH administration caused the intracellular level of cAMP to increase in both TSHr-FlAsH-transfected cell types indicated that the ...
Gao Jay G - - 2009
GS2 (PNPLA4; iPLAeta) is the smallest member of the patatin-like family of phospholipases (PNPLA). It was initially identified by its ability to hydrolyze retinylesters (RE) in cell homogenates, and was later found to esterify retinol using a variety of acyl donors. In the present study we set out to determine ...
Lentacker Ine - - 2009
Recently we reported that the transfection of cells by PEGylated lipoplexes becomes significantly better by binding the PEGylated lipoplexes to the surface of microbubbles and applying ultrasound. To further optimize this gene delivery system it is important to understand the working mechanism. This paper elucidates the cellular entry path of ...
Mordica Whitney J - - 2009
CD81 is an integral membrane protein belonging to the tetraspanin superfamily. It has two extracellular domains that interact with cell surface proteins and two intracellular tails that contribute to cellular processes. Although there are considerable data about how CD81 affects T- and B-cell function, not much is known about how ...
Zhang Bingqi - - 2009
PURPOSE: In this study, the novel poly(diethylaminoethylmethacrylate) (PDEAEM)/Pluronic F127 pentablock copolymers were found to be able to mediate high-efficiency transfection of human epithelial ovarian carcinoma (SKOV3) cell line while showing significantly lower efficacy in human epithelial retinal (ARPE-19) cell line and Swiss Mouse Fibroblast (3T3) cell line. METHODS: The intracellular ...
Xiao Jun - - 2009
The effect of B cell-specific MLV integration site-1 (Bmi-1) RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated inhibition of Bmi-1 expression on the proliferation, apoptosis, and invasiveness of human gastric carcinoma AGS cells was investigated. RT-PCR and Western blot analyses demonstrated that Bmi-1 expression and the Bmi-1 protein level were significantly decreased in Bmi-1 shRNA ...
Xu Tao - - 2009
In this study a novel method of simultaneous gene transfection and cell delivery based on inkjet printing technology is described. Plasmids encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP) were coprinted with living cells (porcine aortic endothelial [PAE] cells) through the ink cartridge nozzles of modified commercial inkjet printers. Agarose gel electrophoresis analysis ...
Zeitelhofer Manuel - - 2009
The transfection of expression constructs encoding a variety of transgenes is a widely used method to study gene function in cultured cells. Especially when the efficiency of the knock-down of target proteins via small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) is to be determined by quantitative Western blotting, large proportions of untransfected cells ...
Lee Jimmy S - - 2009
A major obstacle in studying monocyte cell biology has been the resistance of these cells to genetic manipulation, particularly when using nonviral methods. In the approach outlined in this chapter, we describe a strategy for stable gene silencing of monocytic cells. Using a vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-pseudotyped lentiviral vector expressing ...
Igarashi Akira - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The Gly80Ser polymorphism in phospholipase A2-IID (PLA2G2D, NCBI SNP reference: rs584367) is associated with a loss in body weight in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The T allele missense mutation results in the 80th amino acid of the PLA2G2D protein changing from a glycine (Gly; C allele) ...
Tian M - - 2009
To investigate the effect of proteasomes reactivator REG gamma on cell cycle and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, we first constructed recombinant plasmid of PcDNA3.1-REGgamma and then transfected REGgamma into MDA-MB-231 cell line. We confirmed the transfection efficiency by Western blot. Subsequently, we observed cell growth, cycle ...
Chenuet Sebastien - - 2009
Gene transfer methods for producing recombinant cell lines are often not very efficient. One reason is that the recombinant DNA is delivered into the cell cytoplasm and only a small fraction reaches the nucleus. This chapter describes a method for microinjecting DNA directly into the nucleus. Direct injection has several ...
Xi Ling - - 2009
To investigate the pro-angiogenic factors stimulated by human papillomavirus type 16 E6 and E7 protein in C33A and human fibroblasts. HPV-16 E6 and E7 genes were transfected into C33A and HFB to detect the profiling of angiogenesis-associated factors with the TranSignal angiogenesis antibody array. The mRNA and protein levels of ...
Cai Ming-Jun - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Leucine-rich repeats and immunoglobin-like domains 3 (LRIG3), a member of LRIG gene family, is down-regulated in various human cancers, but its functions are still unclear. This study was to explore the effect of RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated LRIG3 gene silencing on the proliferation of glioma GL15 cells and ...
Carbone Roberta - - 2009
Microarrays have become common tools for approaching different experimental questions: DNA, protein and peptide arrays offer the power of multiplexing the assay and by means of miniaturization technology, the possibility to reduce cost and amount of samples and reagents. Recently, a novel technology for functional assays has been proposed. Sabatini ...
Speroni Lucía - - 2009
Murine melanoma B16F0 cells were transfected with SA:DPPC:DOPE (2:1:1 molar ratio) liposomes associated with a plasmid encoding murine IL-12. Stearylamine, a cationic lipid, showed a greater transfection efficiency compared to DOTAP-containing liposomes. The lipid:DNA ratio was 2:1 (w/w). Control groups were mock transfected or transfected with an empty plasmid (pNeo). ...
Zhang Shuhong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a lethal malignancy with high rate of metastasis and poor prognosis. There are no effective managements to block metastasis of HCC. Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is found to be a tumor transformation suppressor. Among investigations on effects of PDCD4, little is about the metastatic ...
Jing Yuan - - 2009
PURPOSE: Human tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2) is a potent inhibitor of plasmin, which activates metalloproteinases involved in extracellular matrix degradation. Its secretion in the extracellular matrix makes TFPI-2 a potential inhibitor of tumor cell invasion. However, no studies have yet evaluated the wound-healing activities of human Tenon's capsule fibroblasts ...
Kilroy Gail - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fully differentiated adipocytes are considered to be refractory to introduction of siRNA via lipid-based transfection. However, large scale siRNA-based loss-of-function screening of adipocytes using either electroporation or virally-mediated transfection approaches can be prohibitively complex and expensive. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We present a method for introducing small interfering RNA (siRNA) into ...
Lindgren Kristina - - 2009
An automated platform for development of high producing cell lines for biopharmaceutical production has been established in order to increase throughput and reduce development costs. The concept is based on the Cello robotic system (The Automation Partnership) and covers screening for colonies and expansion of static cultures. In this study, ...
Paramio Jesús M - - 2009
The intermediate filament (IF) proteins have been recently found as dynamic structures that influence several aspects of cell homeostasis. Here, two alternative approaches to study the dynamics of IF proteins are described: the formation of cell hybrids by the fusion of different parental cells, and the transfection of keratin genes ...
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