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Results 201 - 250 of 1878
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Huang Ying - - 2010
Wnt-5a is important in the physiological development and differentiation of lung and is also involved in the regulating proliferation, differentiation and invasion of tumor cells. However, very little is known about the roles of Wnt-5a in the development of lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to explore the ...
Hagemann Carsten - - 2010
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are the most common malignant brain tumours in adults, characterized by short survival periods of patients. Their aggressive local growth pattern and increased invasiveness, due to a high motility of the tumour cells, hamper treatment. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating glioblastoma cell migration are still elusive. Here, ...
Choi Hye-Sun - - 2010
Since hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide, it is still important to understand hepatocarcinogenesis mechanisms and identify effective markers for tumor progression to improve prognosis. Amplification and overexpression of Tropomyosin3 (TPM3) are frequently observed in HCC, but its biological meanings have not been ...
Burger Katharina - - 2010
The Host Cell Reactivation Assay (HCRA) is widely used to identify circumstances and substances affecting the repair capacity of cells, however, it is restricted by the transfection procedure used and the sensitivity of the detection method. Primary skin cells are particularly difficult to transfect, and therefore sensitive methods are needed ...
Kang Sang-Gyun - - 2010
Prion diseases, which are called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), comprise a group of fatal infectious neurodegenerative disorders. Investigation of prion strains and generation of species dependent TSE model are necessary to understand pathogenesis of the disease. To establish a BSE-specific in vitro cell culture model, N2a and GT1 mouse neuronal ...
Liebig Tanja M - - 2010
Research on B cells has shown that CD40 activation improves their antigen presentation capacity. When stimulated with interleukin-4 and CD40 ligand (CD40L), human B cells can be expanded without difficulties from small amounts of peripheral blood within 14 days to very large amounts of highly-pure CD40-B cells (>10(9) cells per ...
He Yunfeng - - 2010
The hepaCAM gene encodes a new immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule, and its expression is suppressed in a variety of human cancers. Additionally, hepaCAM possesses properties often observed in tumor suppressor genes. However, the expression and biological function of hepaCAM has not been investigated in bladder cancer. Therefore we sought to ...
Ho Ivy A - - 2010
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant cancer of the brain and is notoriously difficult to treat due to the highly proliferative and infiltrative nature of the cells. Herein, we explored the combination treatment of pre-established human glioma xenograft using multiple therapeutic genes whereby the gene expression is regulated by both ...
Zhan Yaoyao - - 2010
The pair-rule gene, hairy, encodes a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor and is required for patterning of the early Drosophila embryo and for morphogenesis of the embryonic salivary gland. Although hairy was shown to be expressed in the tracheal primordia and in surrounding mesoderm, whether hairy plays a role in tracheal ...
Wells Julie J Department of Biological Chemistry, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, - - 2010
Compared to primary keratinocytes, HaCaT cells are easier to transfect and yet still maintain at least some features of normal epidermal proliferation and differentiation. This chapter describes methods used in our laboratory to maintain HaCaT cells in an undifferentiated state and to use the siRNA technology to efficiently deplete a ...
Si-Tayeb Karim K Department of Cell Biology, The Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2010
The use of lentiviruses to reprogram human somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells could limit their therapeutic usefulness due to the integration of viral DNA sequences into the genome of the recipient cell. Recent work has demonstrated that human iPS cells can be generated using episomal plasmids, excisable ...
Cochrane Dawn R - - 2010
We focus on unique roles of miR-200c in breast, ovarian, and endometrial cancers. Members of the miR-200 family target ZEB1, a transcription factor which represses E-cadherin and other genes involved in polarity. We demonstrate that the double negative feedback loop between miR-200c and ZEB1 is functional in some, but not ...
Zhang Zhen-Ya - - 2010
STIM1, Orai1 and TRPC1 are all reported to be important for store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in diverse cells. However, there is no evidence for the functional interaction of the three proteins in SOCE in human liver cells. The objective of this study is to determine whether they are involved in ...
Huang Fu-Wei - - 2009
Poly(L-succinimide)-graft-polyethylenimines (PSPs) were prepared as non-viral vectors for gene transfection. Branched polyethylenimine (Mw= 800, PEI800) was grafted to poly(L-succinimide) (PSI) in a one-step reaction with no catalyst. Gel retardation assay showed that the mobility of PSP/pDNA complexes was completely retarded at the low N/P ratio of 0.42. In vitro transfection ...
Koga Takahisa T Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, College of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60612, - - 2010
Myocilin and optineurin are two genes linked to glaucoma, a major blinding disease characterized by progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and their axons. To investigate the effects of force-expressed wild-type and mutant myocilin and optineurin on neurite outgrowth in neuronal cells, we transiently transfected cells with pEGFP-N1 (mock ...
Zhou Li - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The overexpression of LAPTM4B-35 in gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) and its clinicopathologic and prognostic significance have been previously shown. Thus, this gene may play a role in the growth of GBC cells. METHODS: The pcDNA3-AE containing the complete open reading frame of LAPTM4B (lysosome-associated protein transmembrane-4beta) and mock (pcDNA3) plasmids ...
Lavorini-Doyle Cassidy - - 2009
The use of cationic lipid-DNA complexes (lipoplexes) for gene therapy of oral squamous cell carcinoma may be limited by the resistance of some cell types to transfection. Using fluorescence microscopy, fluorometry and luciferase luminescence, the authors examined whether the variability arises from the intracellular fate of lipoplexes. In transfection-resistant cells, ...
Cheng Bin - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at examining the effects of hepatitis B viral X protein (HBx) on the biological features and the expression of DNA repair enzymes in non-tumour human hepatic LO2 cells in vitro. METHODS: The HBx gene was transfected into LO2 cells to establish stably HBx-expressing LO2/HBx cells. The ...
Li Xi - - 2010
The unique physical property of thermo-responsive polymer (TRP) has recently prompted its increasing applications in tissue engineering. On the other hand, TRP has not been exploited for potential applications in quantitative cell screening against external stimulations. In this study, TRP is applied as a model system for elucidating the effect ...
Ross Jason W - - 2010
Development of a transgenic porcine biomedical research model requires effective delivery of DNA into the donor cell followed by selection of genetically modified somatic cell lines to be used for nuclear transfer. The objective of the current study was 2-fold: (1) to compare the effectiveness of a single 1 ms ...
Zheng Li-Duan LD Department of Pathology, Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, Hubei Province, - - 2009
To develop short hairpin RNA (shRNA) against heparanase, and to determine its effects on heparanase expression and the malignant characteristics of gastric cancer cells. Heparanase-specific shRNA was constructed and transferred into cultured the gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901. Stable subclonal cells were screened by G418 selection. Heparanase expression was measured ...
Ladewig Katharina - - 2010
Although siRNAs have surpassed expectations in experiments to alter gene expression in vitro, the lack of an efficient in vivo delivery system still remains a challenge in siRNA therapeutics development and has been recognized as a major hurdle for clinical applications. In this paper we describe an inorganic nanoparticle-based delivery ...
Zheng Yu-ping YP Department of Ophthalmology, 2nd Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, - - 2009
To investigate the effect of lentivirus-mediated integrin-linked kinase (ILK) RNA interference (RNAi) on human retinal Müller cells transdifferentiation into contractile myofibroblasts. A lentiviral vector expressing ILK-specific shRNA was constructed and introduced into cultured retinal Müller cells. Silencing of the ILK gene was identified by real time RT-PCR and Western blot. ...
Gouveia Ricardo - - 2010
L1 is a cell adhesion molecule that is heavily glycosylated and is essential for normal development of the central nervous system. In this work, we compare the N-glycosylation of the L1 mutant that consists of immunoglobulin domains 5 and 6 (L1/Ig5-6), expressed in insect Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 and Trichoplusia ni ...
Chen Charng-Jui CJ Division of Immunology, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope, Duarte, CA 91010, - - 2010
CEACAM1-4S (carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1) is a type I membrane protein with a short (12-amino acid) cytoplasmic tail. Wild type CEACAM1-4S-transfected MCF7 cells form glands with lumena when grown in 3D culture, while null mutations of two putative phosphorylation sites (T457A and S459A) in the cytoplasmic domain fail ...
Reslan Lina - - 2010
Sonoporation holds many promises in developing an efficient, reproducible and permanent gene delivery vector. In this study, we evaluated sonoporation as a method to transfect nucleic acids in suspension cells, including the human follicular lymphoma cell line RL and fresh human Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) cells. RL and CLL cells ...
Lin E-H - - 2010
Fusogenic membrane glycoproteins (FMGs) are viral envelope proteins, which bind surface receptors and induce fusion of the cell membrane. An FMG-transfected cell will fuse with neighbor cells, thus forming syncytia that die within 5 days. In this report, plasmids encoding for FMGs from Human Endogenous Retrovirus-W (HERV-W) was compared with ...
Sengupta Manjistha - - 2010
Low-copy-number plasmids, such as P1 and F, encode a type Ia partition system (P1par or Fsop) for active segregation of copies to daughter cells. Typical descriptions show a single central plasmid focus dividing and the products moving to the cell quarter regions, ensuring segregation. However, using improved optical and analytical ...
McCulloch D R DR Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2010
Glucosamine has been previously shown to suppress cartilage aggrecan catabolism in explant cultures. We determined the effect of glucosamine on ADAMTS5 (a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease domain (reprolysin type) with thrombospondin type-1 motifs 5), a major aggrecanase in osteoarthritis, and investigated a potential mechanism underlying the observed effects. HEK293F and CHO-K1 ...
Esendagli Gunes - - 2009
Gene transfer into haematopoietic cells is a challenging approach. The extracellular matrix component fibronectin has been known to modulate the cell cycle dynamics, viability and differentiation of leukaemia cells. Thus, our aim was to investigate the influence of fibronectin substratum on the liposomal transfection of myeloid leukaemia cell lines. Liposomal ...
Yu H - - 2009
The first establishment of a homologous expression system in the host Ralstonia pickettii CGMCC1596 using the compatible broad-host-range plasmid pWB5 is described. When whole cells of the recombinant strain R. pickettii MMYY01 (CGMCC1596/pYY05) were used as the biocatalyst to transform DL-4-hydroxyphenylhydantoin (DL-HPH) to D-4-hydroxyphenylglycine (D-HPG), the conversion rate reached 94 ...
Herringson Thomas P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The ability to deliver plasmid DNA (pDNA) to specific cells in vivo is crucial for achieving efficient targeted transfection with nonviral vectors. We previously used stealth liposomes containing the chelator lipid 3(nitrilotriacetic acid)-ditetradecylamine (NTA(3)-DTDA) to target delivery of antigen and cytokines to immune cells in vivo. In the present ...
Dos Santos Alexandra Souza - - 2009
The aim of this study was to achieve expression of recombinant rabies virus glycoprotein (rRVGP) in Drosophila S2 cells. For this, a cDNA coding for the selection hygromycin antibiotic and the cDNA encoding the RVGP protein under the control of the constitutive actin promoter (Ac) were cloned in an expression ...
Mao Zhen Biao - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of guanylyl cyclase C (GCC) in human gastric cancer (GC) tissues and assess the effect of GCC small interfering RNA (siRNA) on the proliferation and apoptosis of SGC-7901. METHODS: The expression of GCC in 30 specimens and three human GC cell lines (SGC-7901, AGS, NCI-N87) ...
Ghonaim Hassan M - - 2010
PURPOSE: To study the efficiency of novel synthetic N(1),N(12)-diacyl spermines on DNA and siRNA binding, and to compare their transfection efficiency with viability in cell lines. METHODS: Five long chain N(1),N(12)-diacyl lipopolyamines: N(1),N(12)-[didecanoyl, dimyristoyl, dimyristoleoyl, distearoyl and dioleoyl]-1,12-diamino-4,9-diazadodecane were synthesized from the naturally occurring polyamine spermine. Their abilities to condense ...
Wang Feng - - 2010
PURPOSE: Although antiproliferative drugs have been used to prevent scarring after filtration surgery in patients with glaucoma, there are complications associated with their use. In the present study, the authors investigated whether small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated gene silencing of Skp2 can be used to increase p27(kip1) level and inhibit cell ...
Zumbansen Markus - - 2010
Meaningful RNAi-based data for target gene identification are strongly dependent on the use of a biologically relevant cell type and efficient delivery of highly functional siRNA reagents into the selected cell type. Here we report the use of the Amaxa(R) Nucleofector(R) 96-well Shuttle(R) System for siRNA screening in primary cells. ...
Kennard Malcolm L - - 2009
In order to maximize recombinant protein expression in mammalian cells many factors need to be considered such as transfection method, vector construction, screening techniques and culture conditions. In addition, the host cell line can have a profound effect on the protein expression. However, auditioning or directly comparing host cell lines ...
Kayama Maki - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: It is theoretically possible to induce various cell types, including retinal neurons, from embryonic stem cells (ESCs). pax6 regulates early events in eye development, including the generation of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). We previously reported the successful induction of corneal epithelial cells from ESCs transfected with the pax6 gene. ...
Kennard Malcolm L - - 2009
The manufacture of recombinant proteins at industrially relevant levels requires technologies that can engineer stable, high expressing cell lines rapidly, reproducibly and with relative ease. Commonly used methods incorporate transfection of mammalian cell lines with plasmid DNA containing the gene of interest. Identifying stable high expressing transfectants is normally laborious ...
Li Qi - - 2010
Elafin, an antiprotease, is likely to protect pulmonary epithelial cells from inflammatory damages. We aimed to explore the molecule mechanisms of recombinant human elafin on protecting A549 cells integrity against inflammatory assault. We transfected A549 airway epithelial cells with eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1-Elafin and negative control vector pEGFP-N1, respectively. Cells ...
Orsi Silvia - - 2010
Realization of systems able to both recruit cells and influence their fate (affecting their processes) represents a new approach for tissue regeneration. We investigated the potency of gene activated matrix (GAM) and implemented the GAM strategy in order to achieve a control of gene expression, as well as a specific ...
Shcharbin Dzmitry - - 2010
This paper reviews different techniques for analyzing the transfection efficiencies and cytotoxicities of dendriplexes-complexes of nucleic acids with dendrimers. Analysis shows that three plasmids are mainly used in transfection experiments: plasmid DNA encoding luciferase from the firefly Photinus pyralis, beta-galactosidase, or green fluorescent protein. The effective charge ratio of transfection ...
Kajiyama Hiroaki - - 2010
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV/CD26) is a multifunctional cell surface aminopeptidase that is widely expressed in different cell types. Recent studies have suggested that DPPIV plays an important role in tumor progression in several human malignancies. In the current study, we investigated the role of DPPIV in paclitaxel resistance in epithelial ...
Reymann J??rgen - - 2009
Reverse transfection on cell arrays is a high-throughput method for the parallel transfection of mammalian cells for use in high-content screening light microscopy. Here, we present novel 9216-microwell cell arrays which combine the advantages of multiwell plates (physically separated samples) and cell microarrays (high sample density and long-term storage).
Li Changwen - - 2009
In order to improve the surface properties of PLGA polymer for a better material/cell interface to modulate the cells behaviors, we prepared a novel three-block copolymer, PLGA-[ASP-PEG], and immobilized an RGD-containing peptide, Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro-Cys (GRGDSPC) on the surface of it. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) was transfected into bone marrow stromal cells ...
Yeh Dongmei - - 2009
Caveolin-1 (CAV-1) has been reported to play an important role in the development of a variety of human cancers. CAV-1 expression is revealed to be reduced or absent in the malignant tumor cells of small cell lung cancers (SCLC). This study was performed to investigate the influences of the stable ...
Shakhbazau Antos - - 2010
Dendriplexes were characterized by ethidium bromide intercalation assay and their transfection efficiency was studied using HEK 293 cells and human mesenchymal stem cells. PAMAM G4 showed a higher transfection efficiency than PAMAM G3-G6, G4-OH, G4-25% or G4-50% dendrimers. Substitution of OH groups for the NH(2) surface groups rendered the dendrimer ...
Zhang Lihong - - 2009
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that Wnt signaling pathways are critical to neuroblastoma development. Our objective was to explore the novel role that Wnt/beta-catenin plays in human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y, including detection of expression of wnt1 and beta-catenin in SH-SY5Y, and the morphological and proliferative changes after Wnt1 RNAi ...
Shen Xiang X Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, - - 2009
Sp1, a transcription factor, is upregulated in keratoconus, a cornea-thinning disease. Keratoconus corneas have also been shown to contain increased levels of degradative enzymes such as cathepsin B and decreased proteinase inhibitors such as alpha1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha1-PI). We transfected cultured human corneal stromal cells to overexpress Sp1. The resulting effects ...
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