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Results 201 - 250 of 1860
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Li Xi - - 2010
The unique physical property of thermo-responsive polymer (TRP) has recently prompted its increasing applications in tissue engineering. On the other hand, TRP has not been exploited for potential applications in quantitative cell screening against external stimulations. In this study, TRP is applied as a model system for elucidating the effect ...
Ross Jason W - - 2010
Development of a transgenic porcine biomedical research model requires effective delivery of DNA into the donor cell followed by selection of genetically modified somatic cell lines to be used for nuclear transfer. The objective of the current study was 2-fold: (1) to compare the effectiveness of a single 1 ms ...
Zheng Li-Duan LD Department of Pathology, Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, Hubei Province, - - 2009
To develop short hairpin RNA (shRNA) against heparanase, and to determine its effects on heparanase expression and the malignant characteristics of gastric cancer cells. Heparanase-specific shRNA was constructed and transferred into cultured the gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901. Stable subclonal cells were screened by G418 selection. Heparanase expression was measured ...
Ladewig Katharina - - 2010
Although siRNAs have surpassed expectations in experiments to alter gene expression in vitro, the lack of an efficient in vivo delivery system still remains a challenge in siRNA therapeutics development and has been recognized as a major hurdle for clinical applications. In this paper we describe an inorganic nanoparticle-based delivery ...
Zheng Yu-ping - - 2009
AIM: To investigate the effect of lentivirus-mediated integrin-linked kinase (ILK) RNA interference (RNAi) on human retinal Müller cells transdifferentiation into contractile myofibroblasts. METHODS: A lentiviral vector expressing ILK-specific shRNA was constructed and introduced into cultured retinal Müller cells. Silencing of the ILK gene was identified by real time RT-PCR and ...
Gouveia Ricardo - - 2010
L1 is a cell adhesion molecule that is heavily glycosylated and is essential for normal development of the central nervous system. In this work, we compare the N-glycosylation of the L1 mutant that consists of immunoglobulin domains 5 and 6 (L1/Ig5-6), expressed in insect Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 and Trichoplusia ni ...
Chen Charng-Jui CJ Division of Immunology, Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope, Duarte, CA 91010, - - 2010
CEACAM1-4S (carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1) is a type I membrane protein with a short (12-amino acid) cytoplasmic tail. Wild type CEACAM1-4S-transfected MCF7 cells form glands with lumena when grown in 3D culture, while null mutations of two putative phosphorylation sites (T457A and S459A) in the cytoplasmic domain fail ...
Reslan Lina - - 2010
Sonoporation holds many promises in developing an efficient, reproducible and permanent gene delivery vector. In this study, we evaluated sonoporation as a method to transfect nucleic acids in suspension cells, including the human follicular lymphoma cell line RL and fresh human Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) cells. RL and CLL cells ...
Lin E-H - - 2010
Fusogenic membrane glycoproteins (FMGs) are viral envelope proteins, which bind surface receptors and induce fusion of the cell membrane. An FMG-transfected cell will fuse with neighbor cells, thus forming syncytia that die within 5 days. In this report, plasmids encoding for FMGs from Human Endogenous Retrovirus-W (HERV-W) was compared with ...
Sengupta Manjistha - - 2010
Low-copy-number plasmids, such as P1 and F, encode a type Ia partition system (P1par or Fsop) for active segregation of copies to daughter cells. Typical descriptions show a single central plasmid focus dividing and the products moving to the cell quarter regions, ensuring segregation. However, using improved optical and analytical ...
McCulloch D R DR Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2010
Glucosamine has been previously shown to suppress cartilage aggrecan catabolism in explant cultures. We determined the effect of glucosamine on ADAMTS5 (a disintegrin-like and metalloprotease domain (reprolysin type) with thrombospondin type-1 motifs 5), a major aggrecanase in osteoarthritis, and investigated a potential mechanism underlying the observed effects. HEK293F and CHO-K1 ...
Esendagli Gunes - - 2009
Gene transfer into haematopoietic cells is a challenging approach. The extracellular matrix component fibronectin has been known to modulate the cell cycle dynamics, viability and differentiation of leukaemia cells. Thus, our aim was to investigate the influence of fibronectin substratum on the liposomal transfection of myeloid leukaemia cell lines. Liposomal ...
Yu H - - 2009
The first establishment of a homologous expression system in the host Ralstonia pickettii CGMCC1596 using the compatible broad-host-range plasmid pWB5 is described. When whole cells of the recombinant strain R. pickettii MMYY01 (CGMCC1596/pYY05) were used as the biocatalyst to transform DL-4-hydroxyphenylhydantoin (DL-HPH) to D-4-hydroxyphenylglycine (D-HPG), the conversion rate reached 94 ...
Herringson Thomas P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The ability to deliver plasmid DNA (pDNA) to specific cells in vivo is crucial for achieving efficient targeted transfection with nonviral vectors. We previously used stealth liposomes containing the chelator lipid 3(nitrilotriacetic acid)-ditetradecylamine (NTA(3)-DTDA) to target delivery of antigen and cytokines to immune cells in vivo. In the present ...
Dos Santos Alexandra Souza - - 2009
The aim of this study was to achieve expression of recombinant rabies virus glycoprotein (rRVGP) in Drosophila S2 cells. For this, a cDNA coding for the selection hygromycin antibiotic and the cDNA encoding the RVGP protein under the control of the constitutive actin promoter (Ac) were cloned in an expression ...
Mao Zhen Biao - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of guanylyl cyclase C (GCC) in human gastric cancer (GC) tissues and assess the effect of GCC small interfering RNA (siRNA) on the proliferation and apoptosis of SGC-7901. METHODS: The expression of GCC in 30 specimens and three human GC cell lines (SGC-7901, AGS, NCI-N87) ...
Ghonaim Hassan M - - 2010
PURPOSE: To study the efficiency of novel synthetic N(1),N(12)-diacyl spermines on DNA and siRNA binding, and to compare their transfection efficiency with viability in cell lines. METHODS: Five long chain N(1),N(12)-diacyl lipopolyamines: N(1),N(12)-[didecanoyl, dimyristoyl, dimyristoleoyl, distearoyl and dioleoyl]-1,12-diamino-4,9-diazadodecane were synthesized from the naturally occurring polyamine spermine. Their abilities to condense ...
Wang Feng - - 2010
PURPOSE: Although antiproliferative drugs have been used to prevent scarring after filtration surgery in patients with glaucoma, there are complications associated with their use. In the present study, the authors investigated whether small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated gene silencing of Skp2 can be used to increase p27(kip1) level and inhibit cell ...
Zumbansen Markus - - 2010
Meaningful RNAi-based data for target gene identification are strongly dependent on the use of a biologically relevant cell type and efficient delivery of highly functional siRNA reagents into the selected cell type. Here we report the use of the Amaxa(R) Nucleofector(R) 96-well Shuttle(R) System for siRNA screening in primary cells. ...
Kennard Malcolm L - - 2009
In order to maximize recombinant protein expression in mammalian cells many factors need to be considered such as transfection method, vector construction, screening techniques and culture conditions. In addition, the host cell line can have a profound effect on the protein expression. However, auditioning or directly comparing host cell lines ...
Kayama Maki - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: It is theoretically possible to induce various cell types, including retinal neurons, from embryonic stem cells (ESCs). pax6 regulates early events in eye development, including the generation of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). We previously reported the successful induction of corneal epithelial cells from ESCs transfected with the pax6 gene. ...
Kennard Malcolm L - - 2009
The manufacture of recombinant proteins at industrially relevant levels requires technologies that can engineer stable, high expressing cell lines rapidly, reproducibly and with relative ease. Commonly used methods incorporate transfection of mammalian cell lines with plasmid DNA containing the gene of interest. Identifying stable high expressing transfectants is normally laborious ...
Li Qi - - 2010
Elafin, an antiprotease, is likely to protect pulmonary epithelial cells from inflammatory damages. We aimed to explore the molecule mechanisms of recombinant human elafin on protecting A549 cells integrity against inflammatory assault. We transfected A549 airway epithelial cells with eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N1-Elafin and negative control vector pEGFP-N1, respectively. Cells ...
Orsi Silvia - - 2010
Realization of systems able to both recruit cells and influence their fate (affecting their processes) represents a new approach for tissue regeneration. We investigated the potency of gene activated matrix (GAM) and implemented the GAM strategy in order to achieve a control of gene expression, as well as a specific ...
Shcharbin Dzmitry - - 2010
This paper reviews different techniques for analyzing the transfection efficiencies and cytotoxicities of dendriplexes-complexes of nucleic acids with dendrimers. Analysis shows that three plasmids are mainly used in transfection experiments: plasmid DNA encoding luciferase from the firefly Photinus pyralis, beta-galactosidase, or green fluorescent protein. The effective charge ratio of transfection ...
Kajiyama Hiroaki - - 2010
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV/CD26) is a multifunctional cell surface aminopeptidase that is widely expressed in different cell types. Recent studies have suggested that DPPIV plays an important role in tumor progression in several human malignancies. In the current study, we investigated the role of DPPIV in paclitaxel resistance in epithelial ...
Reymann J??rgen - - 2009
Reverse transfection on cell arrays is a high-throughput method for the parallel transfection of mammalian cells for use in high-content screening light microscopy. Here, we present novel 9216-microwell cell arrays which combine the advantages of multiwell plates (physically separated samples) and cell microarrays (high sample density and long-term storage).
Li Changwen - - 2009
In order to improve the surface properties of PLGA polymer for a better material/cell interface to modulate the cells behaviors, we prepared a novel three-block copolymer, PLGA-[ASP-PEG], and immobilized an RGD-containing peptide, Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro-Cys (GRGDSPC) on the surface of it. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) was transfected into bone marrow stromal cells ...
Yeh Dongmei - - 2009
Caveolin-1 (CAV-1) has been reported to play an important role in the development of a variety of human cancers. CAV-1 expression is revealed to be reduced or absent in the malignant tumor cells of small cell lung cancers (SCLC). This study was performed to investigate the influences of the stable ...
Shakhbazau Antos - - 2010
Dendriplexes were characterized by ethidium bromide intercalation assay and their transfection efficiency was studied using HEK 293 cells and human mesenchymal stem cells. PAMAM G4 showed a higher transfection efficiency than PAMAM G3-G6, G4-OH, G4-25% or G4-50% dendrimers. Substitution of OH groups for the NH(2) surface groups rendered the dendrimer ...
Zhang Lihong - - 2009
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that Wnt signaling pathways are critical to neuroblastoma development. Our objective was to explore the novel role that Wnt/beta-catenin plays in human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y, including detection of expression of wnt1 and beta-catenin in SH-SY5Y, and the morphological and proliferative changes after Wnt1 RNAi ...
Shen Xiang X Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, - - 2009
Sp1, a transcription factor, is upregulated in keratoconus, a cornea-thinning disease. Keratoconus corneas have also been shown to contain increased levels of degradative enzymes such as cathepsin B and decreased proteinase inhibitors such as alpha1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha1-PI). We transfected cultured human corneal stromal cells to overexpress Sp1. The resulting effects ...
Thumann G - - 2010
Transplantation of pigment epithelial cells in patients with age-related macular degeneration and Parkinson's disease has the potential to improve functional rehabilitation. Genetic modification of cells before transplantation may allow the delivery of neuroprotective factors to achieve functional improvement. As transplantation of cells modified using viral vectors is complicated by the ...
Kim Eun-Joong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been recognized as a new therapeutic drug to treat various diseases by inhibition of oncogene or viral gene expression. Because hyaluronic acid (HA) has been described as a biocompatible biomaterial, we tested the nanoparticles formed by electrostatic complexation of negatively-charged HA and cationic poly ...
Buzder Timea - - 2009
Degradation of DNA during gene delivery is an obstacle for gene transfer and for gene therapy. DNases play a major role in degrading foreign DNA. However, which of the DNases are involved and whether their inactivation can improve gene delivery have not been studied. We have recently identified deoxyribonuclease I ...
Liu Changxing - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Targeting of a specific subset of cells is mandatory for the successful application of siRNA mediated silencing in anticancer therapy. A recent theory suggests that colon cancer is sustained by a small subpopulation of cells, termed cancer stem cells (CSCs). These cells are characterized by their innate drug resistance ...
Zheng Yu - - 2009
Folate conjugated N-trimethyl chitosan (folate-TMC) that was used for intracellular delivery of protein before was studied as a gene delivery carrier in this study using N-trimethyl chitosan (TMC) as a reference. MTT assay indicated that the two polymers were much less toxic than PEI. Agarose gel electrophoresis indicated that the ...
Zhang Q L - - 2009
Previous studies have demonstrated robust BAK gene silencing via RNA interference (RNAi). To investigate whether BAK RNAi may serve as a co-therapeutic agent in neural cell death, we herein established a cell degeneration model using a human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y) treated by aluminum (Al). Combining cell viability assays and ...
Bendaly Jean J Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, United - - 2009
Aromatic amines such as 4-aminobiphenyl (ABP) require biotransformation to exert their carcinogenic effects. Genetic polymorphisms in biotransformation enzymes such as N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) may modify cancer risk following exposure. Nucleotide excision repair-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably transfected with human cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) and a single copy of either ...
Zeng Xuan - - 2009
Targeting of non-viral gene vectors to liver cells could offer the opportunity to cure liver diseases. In this paper, disulfide-containing polyethylenimine (PEI-SS) was synthesized from low molecular weight branched PEI and cystamine bisacrylamide (CBA), and then grafted with biotin. The obtained biotinylated PEI-SS was bioconjugated with avidin via the biotin-avidin ...
Isono Takahiro - - 2009
We have previously shown that the expression of periostin is significantly downregulated in human bladder cancer tissues and that periostin suppresses cell invasiveness and metastasis of cancer cells. To clarify the molecular mechanism of this suppression by periostin, we searched for periostin-binding proteins and identified TAB1, which interacts with and ...
Mu Xia - - 2009
Vascular endothelial growth factor-correlated chemokine 1 (VCC-1), a novel chemokine, is hypothesized to be associated with carcinogenesis. VCC-1 is expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, but its function remains unknown. To investigate the molecular effects of VCC-1 on HCC cells, the HCC cell line SMMC7721 was stably transfected with the ...
Tashiro Katsuhisa - - 2009
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, which are generated from somatic cells by transducing four genes, are expected to have broad application to regenerative medicine. Although establishment of an efficient gene transfer system for iPS cells is considered to be essential for differentiating them into functional cells, the detailed transduction characteristics ...
Tang Lin - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To take advantage of the small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) targeting the human augmenter of liver regeneration (hALR) and anti-hALR monoclonal antibody (McAb) to inhibit the function of hALR, and to demonstrate whether the growth of hepatoma is influenced by siRNA targeting hALR and anti-hALR McAb through inhibiting expression ...
Sundaram Sneha - - 2009
The objective of this study was to determine whether surface-modified nanoparticles enhance permeability across nasal mucosa, while retaining the effectiveness of the payload. The uptake and permeability of polystyrene nanoparticles (PS-NPs; FluoSpheres) was evaluated across the various regions of the bovine nasal epithelia following conjugation with deslorelin and transferrin. Uptake ...
Bonner James A JA Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35233, USA. - - 2009
Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT-3) is a downstream component of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFr) signaling process that may facilitate the resistance of tumor cells to conventional cancer treatments. Studies were performed to determine if inhibition of this downstream protein produces radiosensitization. A431 cells (human squamous cell ...
Lemos Marcos Alexandre Nobre - - 2009
The cDNA encoding the rabies virus glycoprotein (RVGP) gene was cloned in expression plasmids under the control of the inductive metallothionein promoter. They were designed in order to bear or not a secretion signal (i) and a cDNA coding for the selection hygromycin. These vectors were transfected into S2 cells, ...
Bauer Karin - - 2009
Cadherins belong to a family of Ca(2+)-dependent homophilic cell-cell adhesion proteins that are important for correct cellular localization and tissue integrity. They play a major role in the development and homeostasis of epithelial architecture. Recently, it has become more and more evident that P-cadherin contributes to the oncogenesis of many ...
Zhang Wei-ying - - 2009
AIM: To explore the mechanism of hepatocarcinogenesis associated with the hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx), we investigated the role of HBx in transformation using human liver L-O2 cells stably transfected with HBx as a model. METHODS: Plasmids encoding HBx were stably transfected into immortalized human liver L-O2 cells and ...
Berdiaki Aikaterini - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronan (HA) a glycosaminoglycan, is capable of transmitting extracellular matrix derived signals to regulate cellular functions. In this study, we investigated whether the changes in HT1080 and B6FS fibrosarcoma cell lines HA metabolism induced by basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) are correlated to their migration. METHODS: Real-time PCR, in ...
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