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Bartusik Dorota - - 2010
This study was aimed at the applications of an ex vivo assays to characterization of CEM (Human T-Lymphoblastoid) cells. CEM cells were cultured in three dimensional (3-D) geometry in the Hollow Fibre Bioreactor (HFB) device. The cells were treated with Herceptin, anti-HER-2 (clone CB-11) and lipoplex containing lipofectamine (LipA) and ...
Beauvillain Céline - - 2010
The hepatitis C virus NS3 protein is taken up by myeloid cells in a TLR2-independent manner and activates myeloid cells via TLR2. This study aimed to identify the endocytic receptor(s) involved in the uptake of NS3 by myeloid cells and its relation with TLR2. Inhibitors and transfected cells were used ...
Laurent Veronique - - 2010
HepaRG progenitor cells are capable of differentiating into hepatocyte-like cells that express a large set of liver-specific functions. These cells, however, only express small amounts of an important cytochrome P450, the CYP2E1, which limits their use for toxicological studies of drugs metabolized by this pathway. Our aim was to establish ...
Guan W J - - 2010
The Bengal tiger ear marginal tissue fibroblasts cell line (BTF22), containing 157 tubes of frozen cells, was successfully established by using primary explants technique and cell cryoconservation technology. Biological analysis showed that the population doubling time (PDT) for revival cells was approximately 28 h. Measurement of LDH and MDH isoenzymes ...
Zhou Li - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It was previously established that LAPTM4B-35 highly expressed in gallbladder carcinoma and being of clinicopathological and prognostic significances. However, expression of LAPTM4B gene in gallbladder carcinoma (GBC-SD), a gallbladder carcinoma cell line, and its role in invasive potential remain unclear. METHODOLOGY: Expression of LAPTM4B in GBC-SD cells was first ...
Anastasiadis Pavlos - - 2010
Gene and drug delivery have shown to be enhanced by the localized destruction of ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs). Moreover, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is rapidly degraded by serum DNases following its injection into the bloodstream, and several studies have shown that DNA may be protected from such DNases if it is ...
Zheng Yuping - - 2010
NAP (NAPVSIPQ) is a short peptide derived from activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP) sequence, whose potent and direct neuroprotective capabilities have been widely accepted. However, due to the high risk and inconvenience of intraocular injections, NAP is difficult to be clinically administered as therapeutic agent in treating retinal diseases. Currently, stable ...
Ventini Daniella Cristina - - 2010
S2 cell populations (S2AcRVGP2K and S2MtRVGP-Hy) were selected after transfection of gene expression vectors carrying the cDNA encoding the rabies virus glycoprotein (RVGP) gene under the control of the constitutive (actin) or inductive (metallothionein) promoters. These cell populations were cultivated in a 1L bioreactor mimicking a large scale bioprocess. Cell ...
Cho Goang-Won - - 2010
Human angiogenin (ANG) has been highlighted as an angiogenic factor which supports primary and metastatic tumor growth. Recent genetic studies have shown that ANG is presented as a susceptibility gene for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and ALS-frontotemporal dementia (ALS-FTD). They found several missense mutations, including K40I, which present the weakest ...
Okita Keisuke K Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. - - 2010
Reprogramming of somatic cells into pluripotent stem cells has been reported by introducing a combination of several transcription factors (Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc). The induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from patient's somatic cells could be a useful source for drug discovery and cell transplantation therapies. However, to date, most ...
Salozhin S V - - 2010
Transfection is a method of transforming cells based on the introduction into living cells of plasmids encoding a particular protein or RNA. This review describes the main methods of transfection and considers their advantages and disadvantages. Most attention is paid to lentivirus transduction as one of the most efficient methods ...
Ishii Takamichi - - 2010
We aimed to demonstrate that alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing cells in cholangiocarcinomas possessed cancer stem cell (CSC)-like properties. AFP enhancer/promoter-driven EGFP gene was transfected into human cholangiocarcinoma cell lines. One cell line, RBE, expressed both AFP and EGFP. Clonal analyses revealed that one EGFP-positive cell generated both EGFP-positive and EGFP-negative cell fractions. ...
Ishiwata Toshiyuki - - 2010
Lumican is a member of a small leucine-rich proteoglycan (SLRP) family and it regulates the assembly and diameter of collagen fibers in the extracellular matrix of various tissues. Lumican expression was reported in various kinds of tumor cells. Lumican inhibits the growth of melanoma cells, but the lumican in pancreatic ...
Shen Yong-Mei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Survivin is known to be overexpressed in various human malignancies, including pancreatic cancer, and mediates cancer cell proliferation and tumor growth, so the regulation of this molecule could be a new strategy for treating pancreatic cancer. In this study, short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) specific to survivin were introduced into ...
Teimoori-Toolabi Ladan - - 2010
Fibroblast growth factor 18 (FGF18) is one of the genes downstream of Wnt, one of the most important signaling pathways activated in colon cancer. An FGF18 promoter containing a single T-cell factor/lymphocyte enhancing factor 1 (TCF/LEF1) binding site was inserted upstream of a thymidine kinase (TK) suicide gene module, while ...
Liu Hao - - 2010
The influence of short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated osteopontin (OPN) gene silencing on the proliferation and invasion of human renal cancer ACHN cells was investigated. Four types of OPN shRNA recombinant plasmids were constructed and RT-PCR assays were used to screen the most highly functional shRNA recombinant plasmids, which were transferred ...
Shao Lijian L Maine Medical Center Research Institute, Maine Medical Center, COBRE in Stem Biology and Regenerative Medicine, 81 Research Drive, Scarborough, Maine 04074, - - 2010
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells offer extraordinary promise for regenerative medicine applications, and provide new opportunities for use in disease modeling, drug screening and drug toxicology. AREAS COVED IN THIS REVIEW: iPS cell technology is still in its infancy. In this review article, we present a comprehensive survey of reprogramming ...
Geng Tao - - 2010
Genetic modification of cells is a critical step involved in many cell therapy and gene therapy protocols. In these applications, cell samples of large volume (10(8)-10(9)cells) are often processed for transfection. This poses new challenges for current transfection methods and practices. Here we present a novel flow-through electroporation method for ...
Jones Bruce - - 2010
Assay technologies that measure intracellular Ca(2+) release are among the predominant methods for evaluation of GPCR function. These measurements have historically been performed using cell-permeable fluorescent dyes, although the use of the recombinant photoprotein aequorin (AEQ) as a Ca(2+) sensor has gained popularity with recent advances in instrumentation. The requirement ...
Backovic Marija - - 2010
Fab molecules are used as therapeutic agents, and are invaluable tools in structural biology. We report here a method for production of recombinant Fab in Drosophila S2 cells for use in structural biology. Stably transfected S2 cell lines expressing the Fab were created within weeks. The recombinant Fab was secreted, ...
Kim Seok Kyun - - 2010
Ceramide serves as a second messenger produced from sphingomyelin by the activation of sphingomyelinase (SMase). Here, we suggest that neutral SMase 2 (nSMase2) may regulate dopamine (DA) uptake. nSMase2 siRNA-transfected PC12 cells showed lower levels of nSMase activity and ceramide than scramble siRNA-transfected and control cells. Interestingly, transfection of nSMase2 ...
Stevenson David J - - 2010
The plasma membrane of a eukaryotic cell is impermeable to most hydrophilic substances, yet the insertion of these materials into cells is an extremely important and universal requirement for the cell biologist. To address this need, many transfection techniques have been developed including viral, lipoplex, polyplex, capillary microinjection, gene gun ...
Chen Jun - - 2010
Despite increasing use of cell-based assays in biomedical research and drug discovery, one challenge is the adequate supply of high-quality cells expressing the target of interest. To this end, stable cell lines expressing the target are often established, maintained, and expanded in large-scale cell culture. These steps require significant investment ...
Song Wen-Jing - - 2010
An efficient and safe delivery system for small interfering RNA (siRNA) is required for clinical application of RNA interfering therapeutics. Polyethyleneimine (PEI)-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are successfully manufactured using PEI as the reductant and stabilizer, which bind siRNA at an appropriate weight ratio by electrostatic interaction and result in well-dispersed ...
Maurisse Rosalie - - 2010
The delivery of DNA into human cells has been the basis of advances in the understanding of gene function and the development of genetic therapies. Numerous chemical and physical approaches have been used to deliver the DNA, but their efficacy has been variable and is highly dependent on the cell ...
Xu Fei - - 2010
Interleukin-22 is a novel cytokine produced mainly in activated T cells. The elaborate biological functions of IL-22 in vivo are still widely unknown. In this report, we describe a rapid, simple, and reproducible in vitro cell-based bioassay for measuring the bioactivity of recombinant interleukin-22 (IL-22) to study the primary function ...
Sommer Cesar A - - 2010
The residual presence of integrated transgenes following the derivation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells is highly undesirable. Here we demonstrate efficient derivation of iPS cells free of exogenous reprogramming transgenes using an excisable polycistronic lentiviral vector. A novel version of this vector containing a reporter fluorochrome allows direct visualization ...
Stroh Thorsten - - 2010
The type of a nucleic acid and the type of the cell to be transfected generally affect the efficiency of electroporation, the versatile method of choice for gene regulation studies or for recombinant protein expression. We here present a combined square pulse electroporation strategy to reproducibly and efficiently transfect eukaryotic ...
Berlivet Soizik - - 2010
RNA interference is widely used for loss-of-function studies in mammalian cells. As an alternative to the transfection of small RNAs, plasmid vectors have been developed to express short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs). We engineered the pHYPER shRNA vector, which is based on a 2.5-kb mouse genomic fragment encompassing the H1 gene. ...
Deng Yiping - - 2010
MMP-26 is a novel member of the MMP family and is widely expressed in cancer cells of epithelial origin. Published research shows that MMP-26 contributes to tumor development and to the restoration of tissue injury. In this study, in order to identify the functions of MMP-26 that contribute to the ...
Un Keita - - 2010
To achieve effective gene therapy, it is necessary to selectively and efficiently transfect therapeutic gene into targeted cells. In this study, we developed a combination method using mannosylated lipoplexes, which show selectivity to antigen-presenting cells such as macrophages and dendritic cells, and bubble liposomes (BLs), which are known to enhance ...
Moore Jennifer C - - 2010
Genetic manipulation of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) has been limited by their general resistance to common methods used to introduce exogenous DNA or RNA. Efficient and high throughput transfection of nucleic acids into hESC would be a valuable experimental tool to manipulate these cells for research and clinical applications. ...
Su Ying - - 2010
PURPOSE: Improper proliferation of lens epithelial cells is causally related to posterior capsule opacification. In the present study, we investigated whether small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated gene silencing of S-phase kinase-interacting protein 2 (Skp2) can be employed to inhibit rabbit lens epithelial cell (rLEC) proliferation by increasing the p27(kip1) level. METHODS: ...
Zhang Siyang - - 2010
Aberrant regulation in the invasion of cancer cells is closely associated with their metastatic potentials. TrkB functions as a receptor tyrosine kinase and is considered to facilitate tumor metastasis. Pyk2 is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase and integrates signals in cell invasion. However, little is known about the expression of TrkB ...
Li Shujun - - 2010
This study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which the human lung cancer drug resistance-related gene BC006151 regulates chemosensitivity by down-regulating BC006151 expression via antisense gene transfer in H446/(C)DDP cells. A retroviral vector containing the antisense BC006151 sequence was constructed and transfected into H446/(C)DDP cells. Transfection of the empty vector ...
Fjeldbo Christina Saeten - - 2010
RNA-transfected cell microarray shows great promise in functional genomics. By printing siRNA complexed with transfection reagent on glass slides, arrays of transfected cells are formed in which the phenotypic consequences of gene suppression can be investigated. Using reporter plasmids with fluorescence intensity as output data, we have developed a strategy ...
Huang Ying - - 2010
Wnt-5a is important in the physiological development and differentiation of lung and is also involved in the regulating proliferation, differentiation and invasion of tumor cells. However, very little is known about the roles of Wnt-5a in the development of lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to explore the ...
Hagemann Carsten - - 2010
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are the most common malignant brain tumours in adults, characterized by short survival periods of patients. Their aggressive local growth pattern and increased invasiveness, due to a high motility of the tumour cells, hamper treatment. However, the molecular mechanisms regulating glioblastoma cell migration are still elusive. Here, ...
Choi Hye-Sun - - 2010
Since hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide, it is still important to understand hepatocarcinogenesis mechanisms and identify effective markers for tumor progression to improve prognosis. Amplification and overexpression of Tropomyosin3 (TPM3) are frequently observed in HCC, but its biological meanings have not been ...
Burger Katharina - - 2010
The Host Cell Reactivation Assay (HCRA) is widely used to identify circumstances and substances affecting the repair capacity of cells, however, it is restricted by the transfection procedure used and the sensitivity of the detection method. Primary skin cells are particularly difficult to transfect, and therefore sensitive methods are needed ...
Kang Sang-Gyun - - 2010
Prion diseases, which are called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), comprise a group of fatal infectious neurodegenerative disorders. Investigation of prion strains and generation of species dependent TSE model are necessary to understand pathogenesis of the disease. To establish a BSE-specific in vitro cell culture model, N2a and GT1 mouse neuronal ...
Liebig Tanja M - - 2010
Research on B cells has shown that CD40 activation improves their antigen presentation capacity. When stimulated with interleukin-4 and CD40 ligand (CD40L), human B cells can be expanded without difficulties from small amounts of peripheral blood within 14 days to very large amounts of highly-pure CD40-B cells (>10(9) cells per ...
He Yunfeng - - 2010
The hepaCAM gene encodes a new immunoglobulin-like cell adhesion molecule, and its expression is suppressed in a variety of human cancers. Additionally, hepaCAM possesses properties often observed in tumor suppressor genes. However, the expression and biological function of hepaCAM has not been investigated in bladder cancer. Therefore we sought to ...
Ho Ivy A - - 2010
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant cancer of the brain and is notoriously difficult to treat due to the highly proliferative and infiltrative nature of the cells. Herein, we explored the combination treatment of pre-established human glioma xenograft using multiple therapeutic genes whereby the gene expression is regulated by both ...
Zhan Yaoyao - - 2010
The pair-rule gene, hairy, encodes a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor and is required for patterning of the early Drosophila embryo and for morphogenesis of the embryonic salivary gland. Although hairy was shown to be expressed in the tracheal primordia and in surrounding mesoderm, whether hairy plays a role in tracheal ...
Wells Julie J Department of Biological Chemistry, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA, - - 2010
Compared to primary keratinocytes, HaCaT cells are easier to transfect and yet still maintain at least some features of normal epidermal proliferation and differentiation. This chapter describes methods used in our laboratory to maintain HaCaT cells in an undifferentiated state and to use the siRNA technology to efficiently deplete a ...
Si-Tayeb Karim K Department of Cell Biology, The Medical College of Wisconsin, 8701 Watertown Plank Road, Milwaukee, WI 53226, - - 2010
The use of lentiviruses to reprogram human somatic cells into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells could limit their therapeutic usefulness due to the integration of viral DNA sequences into the genome of the recipient cell. Recent work has demonstrated that human iPS cells can be generated using episomal plasmids, excisable ...
Cochrane Dawn R - - 2010
We focus on unique roles of miR-200c in breast, ovarian, and endometrial cancers. Members of the miR-200 family target ZEB1, a transcription factor which represses E-cadherin and other genes involved in polarity. We demonstrate that the double negative feedback loop between miR-200c and ZEB1 is functional in some, but not ...
Zhang Zhen-Ya - - 2010
STIM1, Orai1 and TRPC1 are all reported to be important for store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) in diverse cells. However, there is no evidence for the functional interaction of the three proteins in SOCE in human liver cells. The objective of this study is to determine whether they are involved in ...
Huang Fu-Wei - - 2009
Poly(L-succinimide)-graft-polyethylenimines (PSPs) were prepared as non-viral vectors for gene transfection. Branched polyethylenimine (Mw= 800, PEI800) was grafted to poly(L-succinimide) (PSI) in a one-step reaction with no catalyst. Gel retardation assay showed that the mobility of PSP/pDNA complexes was completely retarded at the low N/P ratio of 0.42. In vitro transfection ...
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