Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1878
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Leung Thomas Ho-Yin - - 2010
Deleted in liver cancer 2 (DLC2) gene, a putative tumour suppressor gene, encodes a Rho GTPase-activating protein (RhoGAP) with GAP activity specific for RhoA. It exhibits tumour suppressor functions and inhibits tumour cell proliferation, migration as well as transformation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of ...
Du Enqi - - 2010
The rigorous evaluation of recombinant bovine adenovirus (BAdV)-3 as a gene delivery vector requires quick and efficient method of isolating recombinants. This requires both a suitable cell line and an efficient method of rescuing recombinant BAdV-3. To facilitate rapid isolation of recombinant BAdV-3, we have developed an efficient system for ...
Liu Shih-Ping - - 2011
Stem cells are capable of self-renewal and differentiation into a wide range of cell types with multiple clinical therapeutic applications. The two most important issues associated with embryonic stem (ES) cells are immune rejection and medical ethics. In 2006, induced pluripotent (iPS) cells were generated from somatic cells via the ...
Zhong H - - 2011
Chitosan, a cationic polysaccharide, can enhance recombinant adenovirus vector (rAdv)-mediated gene transduction (AMGT) in cells that lack the rAdv receptor, coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR). However, gene transduction using chitosan for such cell types has so far only been successful under non-physiological pH conditions as chitosan is insoluble under physiological pH conditions. ...
Villa-Diaz Luis G LG Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1078, - - 2010
Because human embryonic stem (hES) cells can differentiate into virtually any cell type in the human body, these cells hold promise for regenerative medicine. The genetic manipulation of hES cells will enhance our understanding of genes involved in early development and will accelerate their potential use and application for regenerative ...
Xie Lining - - 2010
CD10 is a neutral endopeptidase, which cleaves various peptide substrates including substance P. CD10 expression has been detected in peritumoral fibroblasts (Fb) within the invasive area of various cancers such as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, the biological significance of CD10-bearing Fb remains largely unknown. We examined dynamic interactions of ...
Lozano Jorge - - 2010
DT-Diaphorase has been proposed to play a neuroprotective role in dopaminergic neurons by preventing aminochrome neurotoxicity. There are several studies supporting this idea, but in all studies, we used dicoumarol, an inhibitor of DT-diaphorase. We have designed and developed two siRNA to silence the expression of DT-diaphorase to study its ...
Majhen Dragomira - - 2010
Gene therapy is a candidate approach for treating cancer patients whose tumors have developed resistance to some drugs. Our study aims to examine possible alteration in Ad5RSVβgal-mediated transgene expression in a vincristine-resistant cells (VK2) derived from the human laryngeal carcinoma cell line HEp2, and the underlying mechanism(s) thereof. Adenovirus-mediated transgene ...
Chuang K A - - 2010
Refractory and relapsed leukemia is a major problem during cancer therapy, which is due to the aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Activation of this pathway is promoted by wingless (Wnt) proteins and induces co-activator β-catenin binding to lymphoid enhancer factor (LEF)/T-cell factor protein (TCF). To provide a convenient system ...
Yu Sheng-Jin - - 2010
Heparanase-1 (HPA-1) can promote angiogenesis and metastasis of malignant tumors and plays an important role in the genesis and development of tumors. This study was to explore the effects of specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting HPA-1 combined with heparin on invasiveness of mouse hepatocellular carcinoma cells. The expression of ...
Ye Jianxin - - 2010
During early preclinical development of therapeutic proteins, representative materials are often required for process development, such as for pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic studies in animals, formulation design, and analytical assay development. To rapidly generate large amounts of representative materials, transient transfection is commonly used. Because of the typical low yields with transient transfection, ...
Bardi Giuseppe - - 2010
Nanoparticles have an enormous potential for the development of applications in biomedicine such as gene or drug delivery. We developed and characterized NH(2) functionalized CdSe/ZnS quantum dot (QD)-doped SiO(2) nanoparticles (NPs) with both imaging and gene carrier capabilities. We show that QD-doped SiO(2) NPs are internalized by primary cortical neural ...
Gomez Alvin - - 2010
Cytochrome P450 2W1 (CYP2W1) is expressed at high levels in colorectal cancer cells. Moreover, we have shown previously that a higher tumor expression is associated with less survival. In this study, we characterize post-translational modification, inverted endoplasmic reticulum (ER) topology, and catalytic activity of CYP2W1. The analysis of colorectal normal ...
Ladeira M S - - 2010
Development of RNA interference (RNAi) technology utilizing short interfering RNA sequences (siRNA) has focused on creating methods for delivering siRNAs to cells and for enhancing siRNA stability in vitro and in vivo. Here, we describe a novel approach for siRNA cellular delivery using siRNA coiling into carboxyl-functionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes ...
Muyderman H - - 2010
Nucleofection is a powerful non-viral transfection technique that can deliver plasmid DNA with high efficiency to cells that are traditionally difficult to transfect. In this study, we demonstrate that nucleofection of astrocytes grown in primary cell culture resulted in 76 ± 9% transfected cells and low cytotoxicity. However, the nucleofected ...
Yoneda Kozo - - 2010
The epidermal cornified cell envelope is a complex protein-lipid composite that replaces the plasma membrane of corneocytes and is crucial for epidermal barrier function. Loricrin is a major constituent of the epidermal cornified cell envelope, contributing approximately 70% by mass. In order to explore novel function of wild-type (WT) loricrin ...
Song Xiangfeng - - 2010
To investigate the effects of fragile histidine triad (FHIT) restoration on cell proliferation and apoptosis in human cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cell line, Hut-78, in vitro and in nude mouse. Wild-type FHIT gene was transfected by liposome into the Hut-78 cells. The alteration of cell growth curve and soft agar colony ...
Intra Janjira - - 2011
Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microparticles have significant potential for sustained delivery of plasmid DNA (pDNA). However, unmodified PLGA microparticles have poor transfection efficiencies. In this study, we use several approaches to enhance the transfection efficiencies of PLGA microparticles in a HepG2 liver cell line. Polyethylenimine (PEI) is used to condense the pDNA ...
Wong Athena W - - 2010
Removal of the core alpha1,6 fucose from the glycans in the Fc region of IgG1 antibodies has been demonstrated to improve antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) activity. In order to produce afucosylated antibodies using transient transfection, a FUT8 knockout (FUT8KO) cell line was generated in a CHO host cell line using ...
Xiong Guang Su - - 2010
To investigate whether the downregulation of human apurinic or apyrimidinic endonuclease/redox factor-1 gene (APE1/Ref-1) expression by ribonucleic acid interference (RNAi) would increase the sensitivity of SW1990 cells to gemcitabine. Chemically synthesized small interfering RNA (siRNA) directed against human APE1/Ref-1 (si-APE1) was transfected into SW1990 cells through transfection reagents. The mRNA ...
Chen Taotao T Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, - - 2010
The low efficiency of reprogramming and genomic integration of virus vectors obscure the potential application of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells; therefore, identification of chemicals and cooperative factors that may improve the generation of iPS cells will be of great value. Moreover, the cellular mechanisms that limit the reprogramming efficiency ...
Yang Zhuanying - - 2010
Here we describe a system to assay homologous recombination during the complete life cycle of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Rice plants were transformed with two copies of non-functional GUS reporter overlap fragments as recombination substrate. Recombination was observed in all plant organs examined, from the seed stage until the flowering ...
Law Alice Y S - - 2010
The human glycoprotein, stanniocalcin-2 (STC2) is a HIF-1 target gene that is found to be associated with tumor development. The relationship of the prognostic outcome to the level of its expression in cancer tissues is controversial; however experimental evidence suggests that STC2 is a positive regulator of cancer progression. In ...
Zhou Zhigang Z Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, - - 2010
Neuropathic pain is accompanied by neuroimmune activation in dorsal horn of spinal cord. We have observed that in animal models this activation is characterized by an increased expression of transmembrane tumor necrosis factor α (mTNFα) without the release of soluble tumor necrosis factor α (sTNFα). Herein we report that the ...
Torres-Mapa Maria Leilani - - 2010
We demonstrate the first use of the violet diode laser for transient mammalian cell transfection. In contrast to previous studies, which showed the generation of stable cell lines over a few weeks, we develop a methodology to transiently transfect cells with an efficiency of up to approximately 40%. Chinese hamster ...
Grönniger Elke - - 2010
Since the worldwide increase in obesity represents a growing challenge for healthcare systems, research focusing on fat cell metabolism has become a focal point of interest. Here, we describe a small interfering RNA (siRNA)-technology-based screening method to study fat cell differentiation in human primary preadipocytes that could be further developed ...
Mthunzi Patience - - 2010
Recently, femtosecond laser pulses have been utilized for the targeted introduction of genetic matter into mammalian cells. This rapidly expanding and developing novel optical technique using a tightly focused laser light beam is called phototransfection. Extending previous studies [Stevenson et al., Opt. Express 14, 7125-7133 (2006)], we show that femtosecond ...
Multhaup Megan - - 2010
Artemis is a hairpin-opening endonuclease involved in nonhomologous end-joining and V(D)J recombination. Deficiency of Artemis results in radiation-sensitive severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) characterized by complete absence of T and B cells due to an arrest at the receptor recombination stage. We have generated several lentiviral vectors for transduction of the ...
Bryson Terri D - - 2010
The expression and genome-wide mapping of epitope-tagged DNA- and chromatin-binding proteins in cultured cells has become a powerful strategy for epigenome characterization, especially in Drosophila, where cell lines derived from numerous tissues are now available. However this strategy relies on establishing transfected cell lines, which is time-consuming and introduces variability. ...
Yoshida Takahiro - - 2010
Antitumor 2'-deoxycytidine (dCyd) analogs such as gemcitabine (dFdC), cytarabine (Ara-C), and 2'-C-cyano-2'-deoxy-1-β-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine (CNDAC) are activated by dCyd kinase, whereas cytidine deaminase (CDA) inactivates them by conversion to their uracil forms. To elucidate the relationship between the chemosensitivity to antitumor dCyd nucleosides and CDA expression, we established a stable line of ...
Wang Suyun - - 2010
We explored the effect of the wild type PTEN gene on the proliferation, apoptosis and invasive ability of multiple myeloma (MM) cells from MM patients and RPMI 8226 cells (a human myeloma cell line), and the effect of the PTEN/focal adhesion kinase (FAK)/MMP signaling pathway on the invasion activity of ...
Bo Fu - - 2011
SummaryTransgenes integrated into mammalian cells are silenced rapidly. This phenomenon correlates with repressed chromatin structure marked by histone hypoacetylation. This study investigated the effect of trichostatin A (TSA; a histone-deacetylase inhibitor) on EGFP expression in transfected cells and embryonic development after somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Porcine adult fibroblasts were ...
Madeira C - - 2010
Microporation is an efficient method for delivering plasmid DNA molecules into cultured cells. Herein, we present the optimization of gene delivery by microporation using a Central Composite Design methodology. It was given relevance not only to the transfection efficiency but also to the cell recovery. Different amounts of DNA (1 ...
Prevette Lisa E LE Department of Chemistry, Macromolecular Science and Engineering Program, and Michigan Nanotechnology Institute for Medicine and Biological Sciences (MNIMBS), University of Michigan, 911 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055, - - 2010
Polycationic materials commonly used to delivery DNA to cells are known to induce cell membrane porosity in a charge-density dependent manner. It has been suggested that these pores may provide a mode of entry of the polymer-DNA complexes (polyplexes) into cells. To examine the correlation between membrane permeability and biological ...
Gerner Christopher - - 2010
Gene transfer to cultured cells is an important tool for functional studies in many areas of biomedical research and vector systems derived from adenoviruses and baculoviruses are frequently used for this purpose. In order to characterize how viral gene transfer vectors affect the functional state of transduced cells, we applied ...
Huo Qi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common digestive tract cancers with 5-year survival rate less than 10% owing to its poor prognosis. Mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) signaling pathway has been mainly involved in the pathogenesis of various cancers. In present study, we investigated the ...
Lin Lin L Division of Infectious Diseases, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Harbor-University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Medical Center, 1124 West Carson Street, Torrance, CA 90502, - - 2010
Invasive fungal infections cause considerable morbidity and mortality in neutropenic patients. White blood cell transfusions are a promising treatment for such infections, but technical barriers have prevented their widespread use. To recapitulate white blood cell transfusions, we are developing a cell-based immunotherapy using a phagocytic cell line, HL-60. We sought ...
Jakymiw Andrew A Department of Oral Biology, University of Florida, 1600 SW Archer Road, Gainesville, FL 32610-0424, USA. - - 2010
Recent reports have demonstrated that Dicer, an RNase III endonuclease required for microRNA (miRNA) maturation, is aberrantly expressed in different types of cancer. Furthermore, Dicer has been reported to be regulated by the let-7 family of miRNA genes. We hypothesize that Dicer is aberrantly expressed in oral cancer cells due ...
DeKelver Russell C RC Sangamo BioSciences, Inc., Point Richmond Tech Center, Richmond, California 94804, - - 2010
Isogenic settings are routine in model organisms, yet remain elusive for genetic experiments on human cells. We describe the use of designed zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) for efficient transgenesis without drug selection into the PPP1R12C gene, a "safe harbor" locus known as AAVS1. ZFNs enable targeted transgenesis at a frequency ...
Wang Lili - - 2010
Aberrant overexpression of autocrine motility factor and its receptor (AMFR) is observed in many cancers but not in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). In this study, upregulated rho-associated protein kinase 2, p-cofilin and intracellular adhesion molecule-1, and downregulated E-cadherin were found in ESCC cells transfected with the plasmid pcDNA 3.1-AMFR-C, ...
Gheisari Yousof - - 2010
Previously, we reported that human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) that were cultivated in growing embryos differentiated in an appropriate developmental milieu, thereby facilitating the development of a functional renal unit. However, this approach required transfection with an adenovirus that expressed glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) to enhance the development ...
Yamasaki Satoshi - - 2010
Human adenovirus 40 (Ad40) is an interesting candidate for vector construction because of its tropism for the gastrointestinal tract. Although effective preparation of the vector is necessary for its in vivo application, amplification of Ad40 has been very difficult. Ad40 E1 deletion mutants were detected by PCR in the viral ...
Banerjee Hirendra Nath - - 2010
Nuclear pores are large protein complexes that cross the nuclear envelope, which is the double membrane surrounding the eukaryotic cell nucleus. There are about on average 2,000 nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) in the nuclear envelope of a vertebrate cell, but it varies depending on cell type and the stage in ...
Nault Laurent - - 2010
Polycationic calixarene-based solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) have been loaded at their surface with DNA and chitosan and studied for their ability to transfect mammalian cells.
Zhang Yan-Li - - 2010
Nuclear transfer using transgenic donor cells is an efficient way of generating transgenic goats, wherein the preparation of competent transgenic donor cells is the pivotal upstream step. We have measured the efficiency of transfection with a plasmid containing hGCase (human lysosomal acid beta-glucosidase) gene into goat FFC (fetal-derived fibroblast cells), ...
Guo Ying - - 2010
The RegIV gene is differentially expressed in cancer and noncancerous cells. In this study, we investigated the role of RegIV and its CRD domain in the invasion and migration of human colorectal carcinoma LoVo cells. Recombinant plasmids, pcDNA3.1-RegIV and pcDNA3.1-RegIV CRD, were constructed and transfected into LoVo cells. The in ...
Nguyen Y T C - - 2010
Nucleic acids can be complexed with cationic polymer to form DNA nanoparticles (polyplex) which are then immobilized on the surface coated extracellular matrix protein (ECM), the process termed as reverse transfection. ECM-containing proteins provide a surface for cell attachment and sustain the release of polyplexes from their surface, thereby inducing ...
Pla-Roca Mateu - - 2010
There are two major array formats used in life science research and biomedical analysis. The first is the microwell plate format with millimeter-sized wells each with microliter capacity addressed individually and repeatedly during experiments. The second is the microarray format with micrometer-sized spots that are patterned initially but not addressable ...
Zhou Yali - - 2010
FGFR1, one of the four fibroblast growth factor receptors, has been found to be over-expressed in many cancers. In this study, a full-length expression plasmid for FGFR1 was obtained by fragment amplification. The amplified PCR product was then digested and inserted into the pcDNA3.1(+) vector. A recombinant eukaryotic expression vector ...
Hagigit Tal - - 2010
Antisense oligonucleotides (ODNs) specific for VEGFR-2-(17 MER) and inhibiting HUVEC proliferation in-vitro were screened. One efficient sequence was selected and incorporated in different types of nanoemulsions the potential toxicity of which was evaluated on HUVEC and ARPE19 cells. Our results showed that below 10 microl/ml, a 2.5% mid-chain triglycerides cationic ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >