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DeKelver Russell C - - 2010
Isogenic settings are routine in model organisms, yet remain elusive for genetic experiments on human cells. We describe the use of designed zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) for efficient transgenesis without drug selection into the PPP1R12C gene, a "safe harbor" locus known as AAVS1. ZFNs enable targeted transgenesis at a frequency ...
Wang Lili - - 2010
Aberrant overexpression of autocrine motility factor and its receptor (AMFR) is observed in many cancers but not in esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). In this study, upregulated rho-associated protein kinase 2, p-cofilin and intracellular adhesion molecule-1, and downregulated E-cadherin were found in ESCC cells transfected with the plasmid pcDNA 3.1-AMFR-C, ...
Gheisari Yousof - - 2010
Previously, we reported that human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) that were cultivated in growing embryos differentiated in an appropriate developmental milieu, thereby facilitating the development of a functional renal unit. However, this approach required transfection with an adenovirus that expressed glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) to enhance the development ...
Yamasaki Satoshi - - 2010
Human adenovirus 40 (Ad40) is an interesting candidate for vector construction because of its tropism for the gastrointestinal tract. Although effective preparation of the vector is necessary for its in vivo application, amplification of Ad40 has been very difficult. Ad40 E1 deletion mutants were detected by PCR in the viral ...
Banerjee Hirendra Nath - - 2010
Nuclear pores are large protein complexes that cross the nuclear envelope, which is the double membrane surrounding the eukaryotic cell nucleus. There are about on average 2,000 nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) in the nuclear envelope of a vertebrate cell, but it varies depending on cell type and the stage in ...
Nault Laurent - - 2010
Polycationic calixarene-based solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) have been loaded at their surface with DNA and chitosan and studied for their ability to transfect mammalian cells.
Zhang Yan-Li - - 2010
Nuclear transfer using transgenic donor cells is an efficient way of generating transgenic goats, wherein the preparation of competent transgenic donor cells is the pivotal upstream step. We have measured the efficiency of transfection with a plasmid containing hGCase (human lysosomal acid beta-glucosidase) gene into goat FFC (fetal-derived fibroblast cells), ...
Guo Ying - - 2010
The RegIV gene is differentially expressed in cancer and noncancerous cells. In this study, we investigated the role of RegIV and its CRD domain in the invasion and migration of human colorectal carcinoma LoVo cells. Recombinant plasmids, pcDNA3.1-RegIV and pcDNA3.1-RegIV CRD, were constructed and transfected into LoVo cells. The in ...
Nguyen Y T C - - 2010
Nucleic acids can be complexed with cationic polymer to form DNA nanoparticles (polyplex) which are then immobilized on the surface coated extracellular matrix protein (ECM), the process termed as reverse transfection. ECM-containing proteins provide a surface for cell attachment and sustain the release of polyplexes from their surface, thereby inducing ...
Pla-Roca Mateu - - 2010
There are two major array formats used in life science research and biomedical analysis. The first is the microwell plate format with millimeter-sized wells each with microliter capacity addressed individually and repeatedly during experiments. The second is the microarray format with micrometer-sized spots that are patterned initially but not addressable ...
Zhou Yali - - 2010
FGFR1, one of the four fibroblast growth factor receptors, has been found to be over-expressed in many cancers. In this study, a full-length expression plasmid for FGFR1 was obtained by fragment amplification. The amplified PCR product was then digested and inserted into the pcDNA3.1(+) vector. A recombinant eukaryotic expression vector ...
Hagigit Tal - - 2010
Antisense oligonucleotides (ODNs) specific for VEGFR-2-(17 MER) and inhibiting HUVEC proliferation in-vitro were screened. One efficient sequence was selected and incorporated in different types of nanoemulsions the potential toxicity of which was evaluated on HUVEC and ARPE19 cells. Our results showed that below 10 microl/ml, a 2.5% mid-chain triglycerides cationic ...
Avissar-Whiting Michele - - 2010
Exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has been observed to alter developmental pathways and cell processes, at least in part, through epigenetic mechanisms. This study sought to investigate the effect of BPA on microRNAs (miRNAs) in human placental cells. miRNA microarray was performed following BPA treatment in three immortalized cytotrophoblast cell ...
Hu Wei-Min WM Department of Microbiology and Immunology, North Sichuan Medical College, Fujiang Road No. 234, Nanchong 637007, Sichuan Province, China. - - 2010
To investigate the sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor expression profile in human esophageal cancer cells and the effects of S1P5 on proliferation and migration of human esophageal cancer cells. S1P receptor expression profile in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell line Eca109 was detected by semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. ...
Yin Zhen-Jie - - 2011
Activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) play important roles in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. The overexpression of STAT3 has been found in various malignancies including non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The purpose of this study was to explore the correlation between overexpression of STAT3 gene and growth, ...
Trost A - - 2010
Keratin filaments form obligatory heterodimers consisting of one type I and one type II keratin that build the intermediate filaments. In keratinocytes, type II keratin 6 (K6) interacts with type I keratin 16 (K16). We previously showed that the intermediate filament protein K16 is up-regulated in aged human skin. Here, ...
Beauchesne Pascal R - - 2010
Recombinant retroviruses are effective vectors able to integrate transgenes into the target cell's genome to achieve longer-term expression. This study investigates the effect of cell lysis products, a common cell culture by-product, on the transduction of suspension cells by gammaretroviral vectors. Cell lysates derived from human and murine suspension cell ...
Irons Robert - - 2010
Selenium has cancer-preventive activity that is mediated, in part, through selenoproteins. The role of the 15-kDa selenoprotein (Sep15) in colon cancer was assessed by preparing and using mouse colon CT26 cells stably transfected with short hairpin RNA constructs targeting Sep15. Metabolic (75)Se labeling and Northern and Western blot analyses revealed ...
Swearingen Elissa A - - 2010
Screening small interfering RNA (siRNA) libraries holds the potential to elucidate gene function as well as discover new targets for the therapeutic treatment of disease. Since the inception of siRNA as a discovery tool, there have been progressive improvements in siRNA design algorithms, the transfection reagents used to deliver them, ...
Dhaliwal Anandika - - 2010
Genetically modified bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have proven to be efficient cell carriers for local or systemic delivery of therapeutics as well as growth factors to augment tissue formation. However, efficient non-viral gene transfer to these cells is limiting their applicability. Although most studies have focused on designing ...
Shi Liang - - 2010
To investigate the effect of autoimmune regulator (AIRE) on phagocytic clearance of apoptotic cells, a recombinant expression vector containing full-length human AIRE cDNA was transfected into 16HBE cells. After incubation with transfected 16HBE cells, engulfment of apoptotic HL-60 cells induced by camptothecin was detected by myeloperoxidase (MPO) staining. The change ...
Klein Emmanuel - - 2010
In this study, the ability of synthetic fluorinated lipospermines to bind DNA and siRNA was investigated and the transfection efficiency and toxicity of the resulting lipoplexes in cell lines were evaluated. Three lipopolyamines displaying fluorous tags close to their cationic polar head ("HFP" polyamines) were synthesized. Their ability to condense ...
Banerjee Ranjita - - 2010
Within the context of a new tumor-targeting strategy termed "combi-targeting," we designed RB24 to inhibit epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or Her2 phosphorylation and to further degrade upon hydrolysis to 4-(3'-bromophenylamino)-6-aminoquinazoline (RB10; another EGFR/Her2 inhibitor) plus a strong DNA-alkylating species. 6-(3-Acetoxymethyl-3-methyltriazenyl)-4-(3'-bromophenylamino)quinazoline (RB24) showed significant antiproliferative activity against human breast cancer ...
Wei Calvin C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether MYH9 mutant alleles linked to hereditary hearing loss induce disruption of cellular functions and associated phenotype following transient expression within cultured human cell lines. STUDY DESIGN: Dominantly inherited MYH9 mutant alleles, MYH9(R702C) and MYH9(R705H), were integrated within eukaryotic expression vector and then transfected into cultured human ...
Zeng Yan - - 2010
KSHV (Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus), or HHV-8 (human herpesvirus 8), is associated with the pathogenesis of KS, the most common AIDS-related malignancy. xCT (functional subunit of the cystine/glutamate transporter xc- system) is known as the HHV-8 fusion-entry receptor as well as an oncogenic protein. How the xCT triggers the signal transduction ...
Kohga Keisuke - - 2010
Although CD133 expression is identified as a cancer stem cell marker of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the detailed characteristics of HCC cells expressing CD133 remain unclear. We examined the malignant characteristics of CD133-expressing HCC cells. CD133-expressing cells could be detected with low frequency in 5 HCC tissues. We derived two different ...
Bartusik Dorota - - 2010
This study was aimed at the applications of an ex vivo assays to characterization of CEM (Human T-Lymphoblastoid) cells. CEM cells were cultured in three dimensional (3-D) geometry in the Hollow Fibre Bioreactor (HFB) device. The cells were treated with Herceptin, anti-HER-2 (clone CB-11) and lipoplex containing lipofectamine (LipA) and ...
Beauvillain Céline - - 2010
The hepatitis C virus NS3 protein is taken up by myeloid cells in a TLR2-independent manner and activates myeloid cells via TLR2. This study aimed to identify the endocytic receptor(s) involved in the uptake of NS3 by myeloid cells and its relation with TLR2. Inhibitors and transfected cells were used ...
Laurent Veronique - - 2010
HepaRG progenitor cells are capable of differentiating into hepatocyte-like cells that express a large set of liver-specific functions. These cells, however, only express small amounts of an important cytochrome P450, the CYP2E1, which limits their use for toxicological studies of drugs metabolized by this pathway. Our aim was to establish ...
Guan W J - - 2010
The Bengal tiger ear marginal tissue fibroblasts cell line (BTF22), containing 157 tubes of frozen cells, was successfully established by using primary explants technique and cell cryoconservation technology. Biological analysis showed that the population doubling time (PDT) for revival cells was approximately 28 h. Measurement of LDH and MDH isoenzymes ...
Zhou Li - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIMS: It was previously established that LAPTM4B-35 highly expressed in gallbladder carcinoma and being of clinicopathological and prognostic significances. However, expression of LAPTM4B gene in gallbladder carcinoma (GBC-SD), a gallbladder carcinoma cell line, and its role in invasive potential remain unclear. METHODOLOGY: Expression of LAPTM4B in GBC-SD cells was first ...
Anastasiadis Pavlos - - 2010
Gene and drug delivery have shown to be enhanced by the localized destruction of ultrasound contrast agents (UCAs). Moreover, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is rapidly degraded by serum DNases following its injection into the bloodstream, and several studies have shown that DNA may be protected from such DNases if it is ...
Zheng Yuping - - 2010
NAP (NAPVSIPQ) is a short peptide derived from activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP) sequence, whose potent and direct neuroprotective capabilities have been widely accepted. However, due to the high risk and inconvenience of intraocular injections, NAP is difficult to be clinically administered as therapeutic agent in treating retinal diseases. Currently, stable ...
Ventini Daniella Cristina - - 2010
S2 cell populations (S2AcRVGP2K and S2MtRVGP-Hy) were selected after transfection of gene expression vectors carrying the cDNA encoding the rabies virus glycoprotein (RVGP) gene under the control of the constitutive (actin) or inductive (metallothionein) promoters. These cell populations were cultivated in a 1L bioreactor mimicking a large scale bioprocess. Cell ...
Cho Goang-Won - - 2010
Human angiogenin (ANG) has been highlighted as an angiogenic factor which supports primary and metastatic tumor growth. Recent genetic studies have shown that ANG is presented as a susceptibility gene for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and ALS-frontotemporal dementia (ALS-FTD). They found several missense mutations, including K40I, which present the weakest ...
Okita Keisuke K Center for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. - - 2010
Reprogramming of somatic cells into pluripotent stem cells has been reported by introducing a combination of several transcription factors (Oct3/4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc). The induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from patient's somatic cells could be a useful source for drug discovery and cell transplantation therapies. However, to date, most ...
Salozhin S V - - 2010
Transfection is a method of transforming cells based on the introduction into living cells of plasmids encoding a particular protein or RNA. This review describes the main methods of transfection and considers their advantages and disadvantages. Most attention is paid to lentivirus transduction as one of the most efficient methods ...
Ishii Takamichi - - 2010
We aimed to demonstrate that alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-producing cells in cholangiocarcinomas possessed cancer stem cell (CSC)-like properties. AFP enhancer/promoter-driven EGFP gene was transfected into human cholangiocarcinoma cell lines. One cell line, RBE, expressed both AFP and EGFP. Clonal analyses revealed that one EGFP-positive cell generated both EGFP-positive and EGFP-negative cell fractions. ...
Ishiwata Toshiyuki - - 2010
Lumican is a member of a small leucine-rich proteoglycan (SLRP) family and it regulates the assembly and diameter of collagen fibers in the extracellular matrix of various tissues. Lumican expression was reported in various kinds of tumor cells. Lumican inhibits the growth of melanoma cells, but the lumican in pancreatic ...
Shen Yong-Mei - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Survivin is known to be overexpressed in various human malignancies, including pancreatic cancer, and mediates cancer cell proliferation and tumor growth, so the regulation of this molecule could be a new strategy for treating pancreatic cancer. In this study, short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) specific to survivin were introduced into ...
Shao Lijian - - 2010
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells offer extraordinary promise for regenerative medicine applications, and provide new opportunities for use in disease modeling, drug screening and drug toxicology. AREAS COVED IN THIS REVIEW: iPS cell technology is still in its infancy. In this review article, we present a comprehensive survey of reprogramming ...
Teimoori-Toolabi Ladan - - 2010
Fibroblast growth factor 18 (FGF18) is one of the genes downstream of Wnt, one of the most important signaling pathways activated in colon cancer. An FGF18 promoter containing a single T-cell factor/lymphocyte enhancing factor 1 (TCF/LEF1) binding site was inserted upstream of a thymidine kinase (TK) suicide gene module, while ...
Liu Hao - - 2010
The influence of short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated osteopontin (OPN) gene silencing on the proliferation and invasion of human renal cancer ACHN cells was investigated. Four types of OPN shRNA recombinant plasmids were constructed and RT-PCR assays were used to screen the most highly functional shRNA recombinant plasmids, which were transferred ...
Geng Tao - - 2010
Genetic modification of cells is a critical step involved in many cell therapy and gene therapy protocols. In these applications, cell samples of large volume (10(8)-10(9)cells) are often processed for transfection. This poses new challenges for current transfection methods and practices. Here we present a novel flow-through electroporation method for ...
Jones Bruce - - 2010
Assay technologies that measure intracellular Ca(2+) release are among the predominant methods for evaluation of GPCR function. These measurements have historically been performed using cell-permeable fluorescent dyes, although the use of the recombinant photoprotein aequorin (AEQ) as a Ca(2+) sensor has gained popularity with recent advances in instrumentation. The requirement ...
Backovic Marija - - 2010
Fab molecules are used as therapeutic agents, and are invaluable tools in structural biology. We report here a method for production of recombinant Fab in Drosophila S2 cells for use in structural biology. Stably transfected S2 cell lines expressing the Fab were created within weeks. The recombinant Fab was secreted, ...
Kim Seok Kyun - - 2010
Ceramide serves as a second messenger produced from sphingomyelin by the activation of sphingomyelinase (SMase). Here, we suggest that neutral SMase 2 (nSMase2) may regulate dopamine (DA) uptake. nSMase2 siRNA-transfected PC12 cells showed lower levels of nSMase activity and ceramide than scramble siRNA-transfected and control cells. Interestingly, transfection of nSMase2 ...
Stevenson David J - - 2010
The plasma membrane of a eukaryotic cell is impermeable to most hydrophilic substances, yet the insertion of these materials into cells is an extremely important and universal requirement for the cell biologist. To address this need, many transfection techniques have been developed including viral, lipoplex, polyplex, capillary microinjection, gene gun ...
Chen Jun - - 2010
Despite increasing use of cell-based assays in biomedical research and drug discovery, one challenge is the adequate supply of high-quality cells expressing the target of interest. To this end, stable cell lines expressing the target are often established, maintained, and expanded in large-scale cell culture. These steps require significant investment ...
Song Wen-Jing - - 2010
An efficient and safe delivery system for small interfering RNA (siRNA) is required for clinical application of RNA interfering therapeutics. Polyethyleneimine (PEI)-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are successfully manufactured using PEI as the reductant and stabilizer, which bind siRNA at an appropriate weight ratio by electrostatic interaction and result in well-dispersed ...
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