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Di Giorgio Carole - - 2011
The mutagenicity and clastogenicity of a series of 18 3,6-di-substituted acridines were evaluated by the Ames test on Salmonella typhimurium TA 97a and by the micronucleus assay on Chinese Hamster Ovary cells (CHO cells), as compared to their cytotoxicity against CHO cells. Experimental results overall demonstrated that simple symmetric molecules ...
Melzer Marvin S - - 2011
This commentary was prompted by many reports that carcinogenesis involving various carcinogens and various types of systems is blocked by inhibitors of endolysosomal proteases (i.e. leupeptin, antipain). These findings have been largely ignored by cancer investigators so far. In this commentary based on these reports a carcinogenesis model is suggested ...
Hirata Hiroshi - - 2011
The functional significance of Wnt antagonist DKK1 has not been investigated in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Therefore, we hypothesized that DKK1 may be a tumor suppressor gene and is epigenetically silenced, thus decreased DKK1 may cause progression of RCC. To assess the function of DKK1, we established stable DKK1 transfected ...
Kašnar-Šamprec Jelena - - 2011
New N-1-sulfonylpyrimidines showed potent growth inhibitory activity against human and mouse tumour cells of different origin. 1-(p-toluenesulfonyl)cytosine (TsC) and 1-(p-toluenesulfonyl)cytosine hydrochloride (TsC × HCl) inhibited the growth of human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa), and had no significant cytotoxic effects on normal human foreskin fibroblasts (BJ). TsC and TsC × HCl ...
Merten Otto-Wilhelm - - 2011
From the perspective of a pilot clinical gene therapy trial for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), we implemented a process to produce a lentiviral vector under good manufacturing practices (GMP). The process is based on the transient transfection of 293T cells in Cell Factory stacks, scaled up to harvest 50 liters of ...
Feng Huixing - - 2011
HBV (hepatitis B virus) remains a global health concern, especially in developing countries. It has been associated with the development of HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma). One of the four viral proteins, HBx, interacts with cellular proteins, which are involved in a series of cellular processes including cell migration. The Rho GTPases ...
Pichler Johannes - - 2011
Optimization of host cell lines both for transient and stable protein production is typically hampered by the inherent heterogeneity of cells within a population. This heterogeneity is caused not only by "hard fact" gene mutations, but also by subtle differences in the cellular network of regulation, which may include epigenetic ...
Zhong Bonan - - 2011
Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells have great potential for regenerative medicine and gene therapy. Thus far, iPS cells have typically been generated using integrating viral vectors expressing various reprogramming transcription factors; nonintegrating methods have been less effective and efficient. Because there is a significant risk of malignant transformation and cancer ...
Wirth Matthias - - 2011
RNA interference, an indispensable tool in functional genomics, can be induced by small interfering RNAs (siRNAs). Because of the transient nature of siRNA-mediated RNA interference, the continuous use of transfection reagents is mandatory. Because transfection reagents are expensive, cost-effective alternatives must be considered. In this study, we describe a polyethylenimine-based ...
Yamaguchi Satoshi - - 2011
Cell-based microarrays are promising tools for high-throughput functional analysis of gene products, but their application has been limited to adherent cells due to the difficulty in immobilization of non-adherent cells. Herein, we have introduced our techniques that can rapidly and strongly immobilize non-adherent cells and can allow the transfection of ...
Sun Wenyue - - 2011
Exposure to cigarette smoke is a major risk factor for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We have previously established a chronic cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-treated human oral normal keratinocyte model, demonstrating an elevated frequency of mitochondrial mutations in CSE treated cells. Using this model we further characterized the ...
Yu Jian-Qing JQ College of Pharmacy, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, PR China. Electronic address: - - 2011
This study was designed to examine the anticancer, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil from Lycopus lucidus Turcz. var. hirtus Regel. The essential oil treatment to six human cancer cell lines resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of cell growth. The cytotoxicity of the essential oil on liver carcinoma ...
Feldman Steven A - - 2011
Production of clinical-grade gammaretroviral vectors for ex vivo gene delivery requires a scalable process that can rapidly generate large amounts of vector supernatant, clear large numbers of residual packaging cells with minimal decreases in vector titer, and satisfy all current regulatory guidelines regarding product biosafety. To that end, we have ...
Schweizer M - - 2010
Lentiviral vectors become more and more famous for the use as gene vector for gene therapy purposes for the treatment of acquired or inherited diseases. In this review, the present state of the art of the production of lentiviral vectors is presented with particular emphasis on the large scale production ...
Oberbek Agata - - 2011
Lentivirus-derived vectors (LVs) were studied for the generation of stable recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines. Stable pools and clones expressing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) were selected via fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). For comparison, cell pools and cell lines were also generated by transfection, using the LV ...
Reynolds Paul R - - 2011
Receptors for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) are cell-surface receptors expressed by alveolar type I (ATI) epithelial cells and are implicated in mechanisms of alveolar development and sustained pulmonary inflammation. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that diesel particulate matter (DPM) up-regulates RAGE in rat ATI-like R3/1 cells and ...
Rosemond Erica - - 2011
The M₃ muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3R) regulates many fundamental physiological functions. To identify novel M3R-interacting proteins, we used a recently developed yeast two-hybrid screen (split ubiquitin method) to detect interactions among membrane proteins. This screen led to the identification of many novel M3R-associated proteins, including the putative membrane protein transmembrane ...
Spessott Waldo - - 2010
The COG (conserved oligomeric Golgi complex) is a Golgi-associated tethering complex involved in retrograde trafficking of multiple Golgi enzymes. COG deficiencies lead to misorganization of the Golgi, defective trafficking of glycosylation enzymes, and abnormal N-, O- and ceramide-linked oligosaccharides. Here, we show that in Cog2 null mutant ldlC cells, the ...
Henry Jon C JC Department of Surgery, Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH, - - 2010
Previous work by us and others reported decreased expression of miR-199a-3p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues compared to adjacent benign tissue. We report here a significant reduction of miR-199a-3p expression in 7 HCC cell lines. To determine if miR-199a-3p has a tumor suppressive role, pre-miR-199a-3p oligonucleotides were transfected into the ...
Ulasov Alexey V - - 2011
We have evaluated the key properties of the polyethylenimine (PEI)-polyethylene glycol (PEG)-TAT peptide polyplex nanoparticles including their behavior in cells and compared them with the transfection efficacy (TE) using 11 different cell lines. We found statistically significant positive correlation between TE and the share of 50-75 nm fraction in the whole ...
Yamano Seiichi - - 2010
This study compared six commercially available reagents (Arrest-In, ExpressFect, FuGENE HD, jetPEI, Lipofectamine 2000, and SuperFect) for gene transfection. We examined the efficiency and cytotoxicity using nine different cell lines (MC3T3-E1 mouse preosteoblasts, PT-30 human epithelial precancer cells, C3H10T1/2 mouse stem cells, MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, HeLa human cervical ...
Tanaka Tetsuji - - 2010
Targeted knockdown of the death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) expression in the endometrial adenocarcinoma HHUA cells reportedly induces cell death by enhancing the tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-mediated apoptosis in an autocrine/paracrine manner. This suggests that endogenous DAPK is a potential candidate for a molecularly targeted anticancer therapy for patients ...
Sakr Moustafa A - - 2010
GI24, an immunoglobulin superfamily member, has been cloned from a placenta cDNA library as a gene product that promoted activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 mediated by membrane type (MT) 1-MMP. Co-expression of GI24 with MT1-MMP in HEK293T cells increased the cell-surface level of MT1-MMP concomitant with the cleavage of the ...
Tlaxca Jose L - - 2010
The objective of the study was to examine the role of acoustic power intensity and microbubble and plasmid concentrations on transfection efficiency in HEK-293 cells using a sonoporator with a 1-MHz transducer. A green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter plasmid was delivered in as much as 80% of treated cells, and ...
Wu Peiwen - - 2010
Free fatty acids (FFAs) acutely stimulate insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells, whereas impair β-cell function following long term exposure. GPR40, a FFAs receptor, has been demonstrated to be activated by both medium and long chain FFAs and played an important role in insulin release. This study was performed to determine ...
Rodamporn Somphop - - 2011
Sonoporation has been shown to have an important role in biotechnology for gene therapy and drug delivery. This paper presents a novel microfluidic sonoporation system that achieves high rates of cell transfection and cell viability by operating the sonoporation chamber at resonance. The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the ...
Zheng Yu - - 2011
Folate-poly(ethylene glycol)-grafted-trimethyl chitosan (F-PEG-g-TMC) and methoxypolyethylene glycol-grafted-trimethyl chitosan (mPEG-g-TMC)/pDNA complexes were prepared and characterized concerning physicochemical properties including cytotoxicity, condensation efficiency, particle size, and zeta potential. Furthermore, cellular uptake and transfection efficiency of the complexes were evaluated in vitro and compared with that of folate-trimethyl chitosan (folate-TMC) synthesized by our ...
Vezenkov Lubomir L - - 2010
Small oligomers of constrained dipeptide mimics have been synthesized as new vectors for intracellular delivery. They are highly internalized by cells and delivered to the lysosomes by an energy-dependent pathway. This new class of vectors referred to as cell penetrating nonpeptides (CPNP) possess the distinctive feature of being noncationic.
Fyrberg Anna - - 2010
In order to study nucleoside analog activation in the CEM cell line, a transfection protocol had to be optimized in order to silence an enzyme involved in nucleoside analog activation. Hematopoetic cell lines can be difficult to transfect with traditional lipid-based transfection, so the electroporation technique was used. Field strength, ...
Pandor Aisha - - 2010
Retinitis pigmentosa is a highly heterogeneous form of inherited blindness which affects more than 1.3 million individuals worldwide. The RP17 form of the disease is caused by an arginine to tryptophan (R14W) mutation in the signal sequence of carbonic anhydrase IV (CAIV). While CAIV is expressed in the choriocapillaries of ...
Lubbers Justin - - 2011
Vasopressin-activated calcium-mobilizing (VACM-1) protein is a cul-5 gene product that forms complexes with a subclass of ubiquitin E3 ligases involved in proteasomal protein degradation. The expression of VACM-1 cDNA in the T47D breast cancer cell line inhibits growth and decreases phosphorylation of mitogen activated protein kinase. Factors that regulate expression ...
Klagge A - - 2010
FRTL-5 cells are used in many laboratories as an in vitro system of thyroid follicular cells since they share many properties of human thyrocytes. However, the use of FRTL-5 cells for experimental modifications is limited by low transfection efficiencies of lipid-based transfections and the need for cumbersome viral transduction protocols. ...
Wu J-B - - 2011
To observe the effects of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-targeting bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 on the abilities of migration and invasion of human liver cancer SMMC7721 cells and its mechanism. Three siRNAs-targeting BMP-2 gene were synthesized. There were six groups including group I (non-transfected cells), group II (only liposome-transfected cells), group ...
Oh Su Young - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding RNAs approximately 22 nucleotides in length that play a major role in the regulation of important biological processes, including cellular development, differentiation, and apoptosis. Antisense oligonucleotides against miRNAs are useful tools for studying the biological mechanisms and therapeutic targets of miRNAs. Various antisense oligonucleotides chemistries, including ...
Xu Wei - - 2010
Gene transfer of CD40 ligand (CD40L) holds promise as a novel therapy for lymphoid malignancies and a number of solid carcinomas because of its multiple anti-tumor activities. However, membrane-bound CD40L can be cleaved into a soluble form, sCD40L, which contributes to systemic inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases, and induces survival signals ...
Leung Thomas Ho-Yin - - 2010
Deleted in liver cancer 2 (DLC2) gene, a putative tumour suppressor gene, encodes a Rho GTPase-activating protein (RhoGAP) with GAP activity specific for RhoA. It exhibits tumour suppressor functions and inhibits tumour cell proliferation, migration as well as transformation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of ...
Du Enqi - - 2010
The rigorous evaluation of recombinant bovine adenovirus (BAdV)-3 as a gene delivery vector requires quick and efficient method of isolating recombinants. This requires both a suitable cell line and an efficient method of rescuing recombinant BAdV-3. To facilitate rapid isolation of recombinant BAdV-3, we have developed an efficient system for ...
Liu Shih-Ping - - 2011
Stem cells are capable of self-renewal and differentiation into a wide range of cell types with multiple clinical therapeutic applications. The two most important issues associated with embryonic stem (ES) cells are immune rejection and medical ethics. In 2006, induced pluripotent (iPS) cells were generated from somatic cells via the ...
Zhong H - - 2011
Chitosan, a cationic polysaccharide, can enhance recombinant adenovirus vector (rAdv)-mediated gene transduction (AMGT) in cells that lack the rAdv receptor, coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR). However, gene transduction using chitosan for such cell types has so far only been successful under non-physiological pH conditions as chitosan is insoluble under physiological pH conditions. ...
Villa-Diaz Luis G LG Department of Biologic and Materials Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1078, - - 2010
Because human embryonic stem (hES) cells can differentiate into virtually any cell type in the human body, these cells hold promise for regenerative medicine. The genetic manipulation of hES cells will enhance our understanding of genes involved in early development and will accelerate their potential use and application for regenerative ...
Xie Lining - - 2010
CD10 is a neutral endopeptidase, which cleaves various peptide substrates including substance P. CD10 expression has been detected in peritumoral fibroblasts (Fb) within the invasive area of various cancers such as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, the biological significance of CD10-bearing Fb remains largely unknown. We examined dynamic interactions of ...
Lozano Jorge - - 2010
DT-Diaphorase has been proposed to play a neuroprotective role in dopaminergic neurons by preventing aminochrome neurotoxicity. There are several studies supporting this idea, but in all studies, we used dicoumarol, an inhibitor of DT-diaphorase. We have designed and developed two siRNA to silence the expression of DT-diaphorase to study its ...
Majhen Dragomira - - 2010
Gene therapy is a candidate approach for treating cancer patients whose tumors have developed resistance to some drugs. Our study aims to examine possible alteration in Ad5RSVβgal-mediated transgene expression in a vincristine-resistant cells (VK2) derived from the human laryngeal carcinoma cell line HEp2, and the underlying mechanism(s) thereof. Adenovirus-mediated transgene ...
Chuang K A - - 2010
Refractory and relapsed leukemia is a major problem during cancer therapy, which is due to the aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Activation of this pathway is promoted by wingless (Wnt) proteins and induces co-activator β-catenin binding to lymphoid enhancer factor (LEF)/T-cell factor protein (TCF). To provide a convenient system ...
Yu Sheng-Jin - - 2010
Heparanase-1 (HPA-1) can promote angiogenesis and metastasis of malignant tumors and plays an important role in the genesis and development of tumors. This study was to explore the effects of specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting HPA-1 combined with heparin on invasiveness of mouse hepatocellular carcinoma cells. The expression of ...
Ye Jianxin - - 2010
During early preclinical development of therapeutic proteins, representative materials are often required for process development, such as for pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic studies in animals, formulation design, and analytical assay development. To rapidly generate large amounts of representative materials, transient transfection is commonly used. Because of the typical low yields with transient transfection, ...
Bardi Giuseppe - - 2010
Nanoparticles have an enormous potential for the development of applications in biomedicine such as gene or drug delivery. We developed and characterized NH(2) functionalized CdSe/ZnS quantum dot (QD)-doped SiO(2) nanoparticles (NPs) with both imaging and gene carrier capabilities. We show that QD-doped SiO(2) NPs are internalized by primary cortical neural ...
Gomez Alvin - - 2010
Cytochrome P450 2W1 (CYP2W1) is expressed at high levels in colorectal cancer cells. Moreover, we have shown previously that a higher tumor expression is associated with less survival. In this study, we characterize post-translational modification, inverted endoplasmic reticulum (ER) topology, and catalytic activity of CYP2W1. The analysis of colorectal normal ...
Ladeira M S - - 2010
Development of RNA interference (RNAi) technology utilizing short interfering RNA sequences (siRNA) has focused on creating methods for delivering siRNAs to cells and for enhancing siRNA stability in vitro and in vivo. Here, we describe a novel approach for siRNA cellular delivery using siRNA coiling into carboxyl-functionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes ...
Muyderman H - - 2010
Nucleofection is a powerful non-viral transfection technique that can deliver plasmid DNA with high efficiency to cells that are traditionally difficult to transfect. In this study, we demonstrate that nucleofection of astrocytes grown in primary cell culture resulted in 76 ± 9% transfected cells and low cytotoxicity. However, the nucleofected ...
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