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Wu Peiwen - - 2010
Free fatty acids (FFAs) acutely stimulate insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells, whereas impair β-cell function following long term exposure. GPR40, a FFAs receptor, has been demonstrated to be activated by both medium and long chain FFAs and played an important role in insulin release. This study was performed to determine ...
Rodamporn Somphop - - 2011
Sonoporation has been shown to have an important role in biotechnology for gene therapy and drug delivery. This paper presents a novel microfluidic sonoporation system that achieves high rates of cell transfection and cell viability by operating the sonoporation chamber at resonance. The paper presents a theoretical analysis of the ...
Zheng Yu - - 2011
Folate-poly(ethylene glycol)-grafted-trimethyl chitosan (F-PEG-g-TMC) and methoxypolyethylene glycol-grafted-trimethyl chitosan (mPEG-g-TMC)/pDNA complexes were prepared and characterized concerning physicochemical properties including cytotoxicity, condensation efficiency, particle size, and zeta potential. Furthermore, cellular uptake and transfection efficiency of the complexes were evaluated in vitro and compared with that of folate-trimethyl chitosan (folate-TMC) synthesized by our ...
Vezenkov Lubomir L - - 2010
Small oligomers of constrained dipeptide mimics have been synthesized as new vectors for intracellular delivery. They are highly internalized by cells and delivered to the lysosomes by an energy-dependent pathway. This new class of vectors referred to as cell penetrating nonpeptides (CPNP) possess the distinctive feature of being noncationic.
Fyrberg Anna - - 2010
In order to study nucleoside analog activation in the CEM cell line, a transfection protocol had to be optimized in order to silence an enzyme involved in nucleoside analog activation. Hematopoetic cell lines can be difficult to transfect with traditional lipid-based transfection, so the electroporation technique was used. Field strength, ...
Pandor Aisha - - 2010
Retinitis pigmentosa is a highly heterogeneous form of inherited blindness which affects more than 1.3 million individuals worldwide. The RP17 form of the disease is caused by an arginine to tryptophan (R14W) mutation in the signal sequence of carbonic anhydrase IV (CAIV). While CAIV is expressed in the choriocapillaries of ...
Lubbers Justin - - 2011
Vasopressin-activated calcium-mobilizing (VACM-1) protein is a cul-5 gene product that forms complexes with a subclass of ubiquitin E3 ligases involved in proteasomal protein degradation. The expression of VACM-1 cDNA in the T47D breast cancer cell line inhibits growth and decreases phosphorylation of mitogen activated protein kinase. Factors that regulate expression ...
Klagge A - - 2010
FRTL-5 cells are used in many laboratories as an in vitro system of thyroid follicular cells since they share many properties of human thyrocytes. However, the use of FRTL-5 cells for experimental modifications is limited by low transfection efficiencies of lipid-based transfections and the need for cumbersome viral transduction protocols. ...
Wu J-B - - 2011
To observe the effects of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-targeting bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 on the abilities of migration and invasion of human liver cancer SMMC7721 cells and its mechanism. Three siRNAs-targeting BMP-2 gene were synthesized. There were six groups including group I (non-transfected cells), group II (only liposome-transfected cells), group ...
Oh Su Young - - 2010
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding RNAs approximately 22 nucleotides in length that play a major role in the regulation of important biological processes, including cellular development, differentiation, and apoptosis. Antisense oligonucleotides against miRNAs are useful tools for studying the biological mechanisms and therapeutic targets of miRNAs. Various antisense oligonucleotides chemistries, including ...
Xu Wei - - 2010
Gene transfer of CD40 ligand (CD40L) holds promise as a novel therapy for lymphoid malignancies and a number of solid carcinomas because of its multiple anti-tumor activities. However, membrane-bound CD40L can be cleaved into a soluble form, sCD40L, which contributes to systemic inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases, and induces survival signals ...
Leung Thomas Ho-Yin - - 2010
Deleted in liver cancer 2 (DLC2) gene, a putative tumour suppressor gene, encodes a Rho GTPase-activating protein (RhoGAP) with GAP activity specific for RhoA. It exhibits tumour suppressor functions and inhibits tumour cell proliferation, migration as well as transformation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of ...
Du Enqi - - 2010
The rigorous evaluation of recombinant bovine adenovirus (BAdV)-3 as a gene delivery vector requires quick and efficient method of isolating recombinants. This requires both a suitable cell line and an efficient method of rescuing recombinant BAdV-3. To facilitate rapid isolation of recombinant BAdV-3, we have developed an efficient system for ...
Liu Shih-Ping - - 2011
Stem cells are capable of self-renewal and differentiation into a wide range of cell types with multiple clinical therapeutic applications. The two most important issues associated with embryonic stem (ES) cells are immune rejection and medical ethics. In 2006, induced pluripotent (iPS) cells were generated from somatic cells via the ...
Zhong H - - 2011
Chitosan, a cationic polysaccharide, can enhance recombinant adenovirus vector (rAdv)-mediated gene transduction (AMGT) in cells that lack the rAdv receptor, coxsackie-adenovirus receptor (CAR). However, gene transduction using chitosan for such cell types has so far only been successful under non-physiological pH conditions as chitosan is insoluble under physiological pH conditions. ...
Villa-Diaz Luis G - - 2010
Because human embryonic stem (hES) cells can differentiate into virtually any cell type in the human body, these cells hold promise for regenerative medicine. The genetic manipulation of hES cells will enhance our understanding of genes involved in early development and will accelerate their potential use and application for regenerative ...
Xie Lining - - 2010
CD10 is a neutral endopeptidase, which cleaves various peptide substrates including substance P. CD10 expression has been detected in peritumoral fibroblasts (Fb) within the invasive area of various cancers such as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). However, the biological significance of CD10-bearing Fb remains largely unknown. We examined dynamic interactions of ...
Lozano Jorge - - 2010
DT-Diaphorase has been proposed to play a neuroprotective role in dopaminergic neurons by preventing aminochrome neurotoxicity. There are several studies supporting this idea, but in all studies, we used dicoumarol, an inhibitor of DT-diaphorase. We have designed and developed two siRNA to silence the expression of DT-diaphorase to study its ...
Majhen Dragomira - - 2010
Gene therapy is a candidate approach for treating cancer patients whose tumors have developed resistance to some drugs. Our study aims to examine possible alteration in Ad5RSVβgal-mediated transgene expression in a vincristine-resistant cells (VK2) derived from the human laryngeal carcinoma cell line HEp2, and the underlying mechanism(s) thereof. Adenovirus-mediated transgene ...
Chuang K A - - 2010
Refractory and relapsed leukemia is a major problem during cancer therapy, which is due to the aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Activation of this pathway is promoted by wingless (Wnt) proteins and induces co-activator β-catenin binding to lymphoid enhancer factor (LEF)/T-cell factor protein (TCF). To provide a convenient system ...
Yu Sheng-Jin - - 2010
Heparanase-1 (HPA-1) can promote angiogenesis and metastasis of malignant tumors and plays an important role in the genesis and development of tumors. This study was to explore the effects of specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting HPA-1 combined with heparin on invasiveness of mouse hepatocellular carcinoma cells. The expression of ...
Ye Jianxin - - 2010
During early preclinical development of therapeutic proteins, representative materials are often required for process development, such as for pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic studies in animals, formulation design, and analytical assay development. To rapidly generate large amounts of representative materials, transient transfection is commonly used. Because of the typical low yields with transient transfection, ...
Bardi Giuseppe - - 2010
Nanoparticles have an enormous potential for the development of applications in biomedicine such as gene or drug delivery. We developed and characterized NH(2) functionalized CdSe/ZnS quantum dot (QD)-doped SiO(2) nanoparticles (NPs) with both imaging and gene carrier capabilities. We show that QD-doped SiO(2) NPs are internalized by primary cortical neural ...
Gomez Alvin - - 2010
Cytochrome P450 2W1 (CYP2W1) is expressed at high levels in colorectal cancer cells. Moreover, we have shown previously that a higher tumor expression is associated with less survival. In this study, we characterize post-translational modification, inverted endoplasmic reticulum (ER) topology, and catalytic activity of CYP2W1. The analysis of colorectal normal ...
Ladeira M S - - 2010
Development of RNA interference (RNAi) technology utilizing short interfering RNA sequences (siRNA) has focused on creating methods for delivering siRNAs to cells and for enhancing siRNA stability in vitro and in vivo. Here, we describe a novel approach for siRNA cellular delivery using siRNA coiling into carboxyl-functionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes ...
Muyderman H - - 2010
Nucleofection is a powerful non-viral transfection technique that can deliver plasmid DNA with high efficiency to cells that are traditionally difficult to transfect. In this study, we demonstrate that nucleofection of astrocytes grown in primary cell culture resulted in 76 ± 9% transfected cells and low cytotoxicity. However, the nucleofected ...
Yoneda Kozo - - 2010
The epidermal cornified cell envelope is a complex protein-lipid composite that replaces the plasma membrane of corneocytes and is crucial for epidermal barrier function. Loricrin is a major constituent of the epidermal cornified cell envelope, contributing approximately 70% by mass. In order to explore novel function of wild-type (WT) loricrin ...
Song Xiangfeng - - 2010
To investigate the effects of fragile histidine triad (FHIT) restoration on cell proliferation and apoptosis in human cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cell line, Hut-78, in vitro and in nude mouse. Wild-type FHIT gene was transfected by liposome into the Hut-78 cells. The alteration of cell growth curve and soft agar colony ...
Intra Janjira - - 2011
Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microparticles have significant potential for sustained delivery of plasmid DNA (pDNA). However, unmodified PLGA microparticles have poor transfection efficiencies. In this study, we use several approaches to enhance the transfection efficiencies of PLGA microparticles in a HepG2 liver cell line. Polyethylenimine (PEI) is used to condense the pDNA ...
Chen Taotao - - 2010
The low efficiency of reprogramming and genomic integration of virus vectors obscure the potential application of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells; therefore, identification of chemicals and cooperative factors that may improve the generation of iPS cells will be of great value. Moreover, the cellular mechanisms that limit the reprogramming efficiency ...
Wong Athena W - - 2010
Removal of the core alpha1,6 fucose from the glycans in the Fc region of IgG1 antibodies has been demonstrated to improve antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) activity. In order to produce afucosylated antibodies using transient transfection, a FUT8 knockout (FUT8KO) cell line was generated in a CHO host cell line using ...
Xiong Guang Su - - 2010
To investigate whether the downregulation of human apurinic or apyrimidinic endonuclease/redox factor-1 gene (APE1/Ref-1) expression by ribonucleic acid interference (RNAi) would increase the sensitivity of SW1990 cells to gemcitabine. Chemically synthesized small interfering RNA (siRNA) directed against human APE1/Ref-1 (si-APE1) was transfected into SW1990 cells through transfection reagents. The mRNA ...
Yang Zhuanying - - 2010
Here we describe a system to assay homologous recombination during the complete life cycle of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Rice plants were transformed with two copies of non-functional GUS reporter overlap fragments as recombination substrate. Recombination was observed in all plant organs examined, from the seed stage until the flowering ...
Law Alice Y S - - 2010
The human glycoprotein, stanniocalcin-2 (STC2) is a HIF-1 target gene that is found to be associated with tumor development. The relationship of the prognostic outcome to the level of its expression in cancer tissues is controversial; however experimental evidence suggests that STC2 is a positive regulator of cancer progression. In ...
Zhou Zhigang - - 2010
Neuropathic pain is accompanied by neuroimmune activation in dorsal horn of spinal cord. We have observed that in animal models this activation is characterized by an increased expression of transmembrane tumor necrosis factor α (mTNFα) without the release of soluble tumor necrosis factor α (sTNFα). Herein we report that the ...
Torres-Mapa Maria Leilani - - 2010
We demonstrate the first use of the violet diode laser for transient mammalian cell transfection. In contrast to previous studies, which showed the generation of stable cell lines over a few weeks, we develop a methodology to transiently transfect cells with an efficiency of up to approximately 40%. Chinese hamster ...
Grönniger Elke - - 2010
Since the worldwide increase in obesity represents a growing challenge for healthcare systems, research focusing on fat cell metabolism has become a focal point of interest. Here, we describe a small interfering RNA (siRNA)-technology-based screening method to study fat cell differentiation in human primary preadipocytes that could be further developed ...
Mthunzi Patience - - 2010
Recently, femtosecond laser pulses have been utilized for the targeted introduction of genetic matter into mammalian cells. This rapidly expanding and developing novel optical technique using a tightly focused laser light beam is called phototransfection. Extending previous studies [Stevenson et al., Opt. Express 14, 7125-7133 (2006)], we show that femtosecond ...
Multhaup Megan - - 2010
Artemis is a hairpin-opening endonuclease involved in nonhomologous end-joining and V(D)J recombination. Deficiency of Artemis results in radiation-sensitive severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) characterized by complete absence of T and B cells due to an arrest at the receptor recombination stage. We have generated several lentiviral vectors for transduction of the ...
Bryson Terri D - - 2010
The expression and genome-wide mapping of epitope-tagged DNA- and chromatin-binding proteins in cultured cells has become a powerful strategy for epigenome characterization, especially in Drosophila, where cell lines derived from numerous tissues are now available. However this strategy relies on establishing transfected cell lines, which is time-consuming and introduces variability. ...
Yoshida Takahiro - - 2010
Antitumor 2'-deoxycytidine (dCyd) analogs such as gemcitabine (dFdC), cytarabine (Ara-C), and 2'-C-cyano-2'-deoxy-1-β-d-arabinofuranosylcytosine (CNDAC) are activated by dCyd kinase, whereas cytidine deaminase (CDA) inactivates them by conversion to their uracil forms. To elucidate the relationship between the chemosensitivity to antitumor dCyd nucleosides and CDA expression, we established a stable line of ...
Wang Suyun - - 2010
We explored the effect of the wild type PTEN gene on the proliferation, apoptosis and invasive ability of multiple myeloma (MM) cells from MM patients and RPMI 8226 cells (a human myeloma cell line), and the effect of the PTEN/focal adhesion kinase (FAK)/MMP signaling pathway on the invasion activity of ...
Bo Fu - - 2011
SummaryTransgenes integrated into mammalian cells are silenced rapidly. This phenomenon correlates with repressed chromatin structure marked by histone hypoacetylation. This study investigated the effect of trichostatin A (TSA; a histone-deacetylase inhibitor) on EGFP expression in transfected cells and embryonic development after somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Porcine adult fibroblasts were ...
Madeira C - - 2010
Microporation is an efficient method for delivering plasmid DNA molecules into cultured cells. Herein, we present the optimization of gene delivery by microporation using a Central Composite Design methodology. It was given relevance not only to the transfection efficiency but also to the cell recovery. Different amounts of DNA (1 ...
Prevette Lisa E - - 2010
Polycationic materials commonly used to delivery DNA to cells are known to induce cell membrane porosity in a charge-density dependent manner. It has been suggested that these pores may provide a mode of entry of the polymer-DNA complexes (polyplexes) into cells. To examine the correlation between membrane permeability and biological ...
Gerner Christopher - - 2010
Gene transfer to cultured cells is an important tool for functional studies in many areas of biomedical research and vector systems derived from adenoviruses and baculoviruses are frequently used for this purpose. In order to characterize how viral gene transfer vectors affect the functional state of transduced cells, we applied ...
Huo Qi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common digestive tract cancers with 5-year survival rate less than 10% owing to its poor prognosis. Mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) signaling pathway has been mainly involved in the pathogenesis of various cancers. In present study, we investigated the ...
Lin Lin - - 2010
Invasive fungal infections cause considerable morbidity and mortality in neutropenic patients. White blood cell transfusions are a promising treatment for such infections, but technical barriers have prevented their widespread use. To recapitulate white blood cell transfusions, we are developing a cell-based immunotherapy using a phagocytic cell line, HL-60. We sought ...
Jakymiw Andrew - - 2010
Recent reports have demonstrated that Dicer, an RNase III endonuclease required for microRNA (miRNA) maturation, is aberrantly expressed in different types of cancer. Furthermore, Dicer has been reported to be regulated by the let-7 family of miRNA genes. We hypothesize that Dicer is aberrantly expressed in oral cancer cells due ...
DeKelver Russell C - - 2010
Isogenic settings are routine in model organisms, yet remain elusive for genetic experiments on human cells. We describe the use of designed zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs) for efficient transgenesis without drug selection into the PPP1R12C gene, a "safe harbor" locus known as AAVS1. ZFNs enable targeted transgenesis at a frequency ...
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