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Blondet Antonine - - 2004
The melanocortin receptor type 4 (MC4-R) is involved in food intake and represents a potential target for the treatment of some forms of obesity. The fluorescent protein EGFP was fused to the wild-type or mutated coding sequence of the human MC4-R. After transfection in HEK 293, clones stably expressing hMC4-R-EGFP ...
Bahl Martin Iain - - 2004
A method was developed to study plasmid stability in Escherichia coli cells, which utilised the high speed analysis properties of flow cytometry. To discriminate between plasmid-harbouring cells and plasmid-free cells a plasmid-encoded Lac repressor protein was used to regulate the expression of a chromosomally inserted green fluorescent protein gene in ...
Mounier Carine M - - 2004
Stable expression of human groups IIA and X secreted phospholipases A(2) (hGIIA and hGX) in CHO-K1 and HEK293 cells leads to serum- and interleukin-1beta-promoted arachidonate release. Using mutant CHO-K1 cell lines, it is shown that this arachidonate release does not require heparan sulfate proteoglycan- or glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins. It is shown ...
Chang Cheng-Chi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Tumor invasion and metastasis cause most deaths in cancer patients. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), a secreted protein that binds to integrins, modulates the invasive behavior of certain human cancer cells, but few mechanistic details are known. We investigated the roles of CTGF and collapsin response mediator protein 1 ...
Arad Uri - - 2004
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic HBV infection, a world-wide epidemic, can lead to chronic hepatitis and eventually to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The liver poses obstacles for many available gene-transfer vectors. SV40-based vectors can transduce human hepatic and hematopoietic cells. We studied the effect of HBV on the transduction - efficiency of human ...
Dubruel Peter - - 2004
Recently, we have shown that polymethacrylates containing imidazole side groups (HYMIMMA) or acid functions (MA), which have similar buffering properties as polyethyleneimine, were not able to transfect Cos-1 cells, whereas polymers containing only tertiary amines (DMAEMA) do transfect Cos-1 cells (Dubruel, P. et al. Eur. J. Pharm. Sci. 2003, 18 ...
Grosse Stéphanie - - 2004
BACKGROUND: As we have previously shown that lactosylated polyethylenimine (PEI) is the most efficient glycosylated PEI for gene transfer into human airway epithelial cells in primary culture, we have studied here the role of the lactose residue in the enhancement of gene transfer efficiency observed with lactosylated PEI as compared ...
Murray David - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In order to investigate the interactions between MMPs and CD44 we stably transfected a non-invasive colon cell line, SW480 with the cDNA for MMP-9 and investigated the effect on CD44 expression and in vitro invasion and migration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro invasion and migration assays were carried out ...
Wilson Michael J - - 2004
The expression and activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by tumor cells is correlated with progression to invasive and metastatic status. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of increased MMP-2 (gelatinase A) expression in prostate cancer progression utilizing human prostate PC-3 cancer cells that overexpress MMP-2 using ...
Kawahara Masahiro - - 2004
Efficient selection of the genetically modified cell population is a critical step to obtain the cells with desired properties. In this study, we propose an antigen-mediated genetically modified cell amplification (AMEGA) system employing an antibody/receptor chimera that triggers a growth signal in response to a non-toxic hapten dimer. An anti-fluorescein ...
van Zanten Jacoba - - 2004
In this study, we developed a nonviral, cationic, targeted DNA-carrier system by coupling SAINT/DOPE lipids to monoclonal antibodies. The two monoclonal antibodies used were both tumor specific, that is, MOC31 recognizes the epithelial glycoprotein EGP-2 present in carcinomas and Herceptin recognizes the HER-2/neu protein in breast and ovarian cancers. Coupling ...
Rouleau Cecile - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that thrombopoietin (TPO) exerts its mitogenic effects on erythroid cells, at least in part, via an interaction of TPO with the cells' erythropoietin receptor (EPO-R). METHODS: We used BaF3 cells stably transfected with EPO-R to demonstrate that TPO alone is sufficient to support the long-term growth and ...
Meng Qing-Hai - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The poor transfection efficiency of most synthetic vectors in non-dividing, airway epithelial cells is limiting the development of gene therapy for respiratory diseases such as cystic fibrosis. METHODS: Cultured airway epithelial cells, quiescent or replicating, were transfected with a lipid/peptide synthetic vector system and transfection efficiency assessed by luciferase ...
Marquez Victor E - - 2004
Two isomers of methanocarba (MC) thymidine (T), one an effective antiherpes agent with the pseudosugar moiety locked in the North (N) hemisphere of the pseudorotational cycle (1a, N-MCT) and the other an inactive isomer locked in the antipodean South (S) conformation (1b, S-MCT) were used to determine whether kinases and ...
Chung Jinsoo - - 2004
We examined the functional role of clusterin in chemotherapy-induced apoptosis and tested whether anti-sense transfection targeted against clusterin enhances the chemosensitivity in human bladder cancer cells in vitro. Clusterin mRNA and protein expression of 253J cells, a human bladder carcinoma cell line, after treatment with cisplatin were measured by RT-PCR ...
Sjöblom T - - 2004
Smad2 and Smad3 are intracellular signal transduction proteins of importance in transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta)-mediated inhibition of epithelial cell proliferation. Inactivating mutations in the Smad2 and Smad3 genes have been found in various human malignancies. Here, we show that expression of Smad2 leads to the inhibition of growth of Mv1Lu ...
Han Dalho - - 2004
In this study, we have compared the time and dose response curves for TCDD using the pGudLuc1.1-chemically activated luciferase expression (CALUX) cell bioassay and two new recombinant cell lines that contain a stably transfected mutated form of firefly luciferase reporter gene (pGudLuc6.1) or enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter gene ...
Pan H - - 2004
Recent studies demonstrate that ultrasound can be used to deliver compounds into viable cells for potential targeted drug delivery and non-viral gene transfection, revealing new, advantageous possibilities. The delivery is facilitated through sonoporation, the formation of temporary pores in the cell membrane induced by ultrasound. Our study focuses on the ...
Welter Jean F - - 2004
The introduction of foreign DNA into mammalian cells is an essential investigative tool in molecular biology. Nonviral approaches to transfection offer the advantage of relatively simple vector design, production, and purification and, for tissue engineering applications, avoid many of the potential risks associated with virus-mediated transfection methods. Unfortunately, primary cells, ...
Xu Weiguo - - 2004
The expression of protein vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in osteosarcoma cells transfected with adeno-associated virus (rAAV)-antisense VEGF was studied to provide the foundation of osteosarcoma treatment through antivascularization. The rAAV-antisense VEGF at different doses (0, 20, 50, 100, 200, 240 microl) was transfected into osteosarcoma MG-63 cell. The cells ...
Zhang Jian-Hua - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate the synergistic antitumor effects of herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) together with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) or interleukin-2 (IL-2) gene expression on gastric cancer cell line SGC7901. METHODS: Recombinant vectors pL(TT)SN and pL(TI)SN, which express TK-IRES-TNF-alpha and TK-IRES-IL-2 genes separately, as well as the control ...
Hermans Emmanuel - - 2004
The molecular cloning of the cDNA sequences encoding most G-protein-coupled receptors, including those from humans, allows their study in a variety of recombinant systems. In this respect, transfected mammalian cell lines constitute the most frequently used model for investigating the pharmacological and biochemical properties of these receptors. Several protocols have ...
Ye Xiaofen - - 2004
It is frequently necessary to examine the biochemical effects of ectopically expressed proteins or short hairpin (sh) RNA-mediated protein knock-down in intact cells. Plasmids that direct the expression of ectopic proteins or shRNAs can be conveniently introduced into cells by transient transfection of plasmid DNAs. However, most protocols used for ...
Cook Julia L - - 2004
In recently published studies, we show that angiotensin II (AII) generated from an engineered rat angiotensinogen cDNA, and maintained intracellularly, is growth stimulatory for a rat hepatoma cell line. In the present study, we report that co-expression of AII fused to cyan fluorescent protein (ECFP/AII) and angiotensin type I receptor ...
Gordon Scott - - 2004
Low copy-number bacterial replicons occupy specific locations in their host cells. Production of a GFP-Lac repressor hybrid protein in cells carrying F or P1 plasmids tagged with a lac operator array reveals that in smaller (younger) cells these plasmids are seen mainly as a single fluorescent focus at mid-cell, whereas ...
Fukuta Daisuke - - 2004
The cell membrane-bound forms of whole factor I (fI-PI), the light chain of the serine protease (SP) domain (SP-PI), and the light chain plus the COOH-terminal 45 amino acid (AA) of the heavy chain (SP+45-PI) were constructed. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, expressing these molecules were established by transfection of ...
Somia Nikunj - - 2004
Moloney leukemia virus-based vectors can be generated in cells that express the products of three retroviral genes, gag, pol, and env. There are a number of cell lines such as PG13 and FLYA13 (2), known as packaging cells, that have been established that stably express these genes. When these cells ...
Mukhopadhyay Suparna - - 2004
The REV1 gene encodes a Y-family DNA polymerase that has been postulated to have both catalytic and structural functions in translesion replication past UV photoproducts in mammalian cells. To examine if REV1 is implicated in DNA damage tolerance mechanisms after exposure of human cells to a chemical carcinogen, we generated ...
Han Hong - - 2004
The human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) encodes a delayed rectifier K(+) channel, which is expressed in a variety of tissues and cells. Besides its well-recognized function in cellular electrophysiology, HERG channels have also been implicated in neuronal differentiation and cell cycle regulation. We have recently found that HERG regulates apoptosis. To ...
Bullard Kelli M - - 2003
HA is a glycosaminoglycan that is synthesized on the inner surface of the plasma membrane and secreted into the pericellular matrix. HA and its biosynthetic enzymes (HAS1, HAS2 and HAS3) are thought to participate in tumor growth and cancer progression. In our study, colon carcinoma cells isolated from a lymph ...
Furuya Masataka - - 2003
Efficient genetic modification of primate embryonic stem (ES) cells is essential for the application for both basic and preclinical research. The transfection efficiency of primate ES cells is reportedly lower than that of mouse ES cells. Cynomolgus monkey ES cells provide a powerful model for understanding human development and disease. ...
Zhang D - - 2003
Inadequate antiprotease activity in the lungs due to alpha-1-antitrypsin (A1AT) deficiency is a factor of early-onset emphysema. We propose a new approach to gene therapy that involves the intratracheal delivery of macrophages expressing human A1AT (hA1AT). Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) plasmids encoding the hA1AT gene were packaged into virions using ...
Piletz J E - - 2003
IRAS transfection into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) or pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cell lines leads to the appearance of nonadrenergic binding sites for radiolabeled-clonidine. Nischarin is the mouse homologue of IRAS. IRAS seems to be a cytosolic protein that is anchored to the intracellular side of plasma membranes by a POX domain. ...
Li Wenhui - - 2003
Spike (S) proteins of coronaviruses, including the coronavirus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), associate with cellular receptors to mediate infection of their target cells. Here we identify a metallopeptidase, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), isolated from SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV)-permissive Vero E6 cells, that efficiently binds the S1 domain of ...
Lu J H - - 2004
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) has stringent replication requirements and a restricted host-range. Mouse Ltk- cells do not support growth of HAV upon infection or transfection of virion RNA. However, low levels of HAV were rescued from Ltk- cells transiently transfected with its infectious cDNA. Ltk- stable transfectants that expressed HAV ...
Gundala Sri - - 2004
Hepatotoxicity caused by the mushroom poison alpha-amanitin is an unusual but serious cause of death and liver transplantation. Understanding the mechanisms of alpha-amanitin uptake may lead to rational therapeutic approaches. Because older data suggested that a sodium-dependent bile acid transporter is responsible for alpha-amanitin uptake, we tested the hypothesis that ...
Lisi S - - 2003
Secretion of thyroglobulin (Tg) by thyrocytes requires several endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident molecular chaperones. The receptor-associated protein (RAP), a known molecular chaperone, binds to Tg in thyroid cells shortly after biosynthesis. Here we investigated whether RAP is involved in Tg secretion by FRTL-5 cells. For this purpose, we studied Tg secretion ...
Surowiak PaweĊ‚ - - 2003
Silencing of genes using siRNA represents a generally used technique aimed at inhibiting expression of proteins in cells. Results have frequently not met expectations and this has posed problems in association with this technique. The phenomenon might reflect an incorrect sequence of RNAi, poor penetration of the cells by the ...
Steinert Andre - - 2003
One major problem of current cartilage repair techniques is that three-dimensional encapsulated mesenchymal progenitor cells frequently differentiate into hypertrophic cells that express type X collagen and osteogenic marker genes. Studies on wild-type cells of murine mesenchymal C3H10T1/2 progenitor cells as well as on cells transfected with cDNA encoding for bone ...
Tao Ya-Xiong - - 2004
The human lutropin receptor (hLHR) is a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that plays an essential role in reproductive physiology. The present studies were undertaken to determine whether the hLHR self-associates. We show that high molecular weight complexes of the hLHR can be co-immunoprecipitated from 293 cells transfected with differentially tagged ...
Li Yu - - 2003
AIM: To study the inhibitory effects of antisense RNA of HAb18G/CD147 on invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) cells in vitro. METHODS: Antisense RNA of HAb18G/CD147 vector PCI-asHAb18G was constructed by reversely inserting HAb18G/CD147 cDNA to eukaryotic expression vector PCI-neo. The HCC cell line HHCC was transfected by PCI-asHAb18G via cation liposome. ...
Mousses Spyro - - 2003
RNA interference (RNAi) mediated by small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) is a powerful new tool for analyzing gene knockdown phenotypes in living mammalian cells. To facilitate large-scale, high-throughput functional genomics studies using RNAi, we have developed a microarray-based technology for highly parallel analysis. Specifically, siRNAs in a transfection matrix were first ...
Matsumoto N - - 2003
Using a recombinant vaccinia virus containing the T7 RNA polymerase, we have established a system for the transient expression of human polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) in baby hamster kidney cells, a baby hamster-derived fibroblastic cell line. This transfection system resulted in the successful expression of pIgR in these cells, and ...
Yamashiro Hiroyasu - - 2003
Human vascular stromal (VS) cells obtained from mature adipose tissue were transfected with an adenovirus vector carrying the basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) gene. bFGF protein was observed in VS cell nuclei 24 h after transfection and in the cytoplasm and extracellular space 72 h after transfection. Naive VS cells ...
Chen Qiaofang - - 2003
Increasing hypoxia tolerance in mammalian cells is potentially of major importance, but it has not been feasible thus far. The disaccharide trehalose, which accumulates dramatically during heat shock, enhances thermotolerance and reduces aggregation of denatured proteins. Previous studies from our laboratory showed that over-expression of Drosophila trehalose-phosphate synthase (dtps1) increases ...
Perchick Gabrielle B - - 2003
Overexpression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and enhanced synthesis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) have been implicated in human endometrial pathologies. To investigate the molecular role of COX-2, the Ishikawa human endometrial epithelial cell line was stably transfected with the pIRES2 vector containing COX-2 cDNA in either the sense or antisense directions. PGE2 ...
Zakhartchouk Alexander - - 2003
Replication-defective E1-deleted porcine adenoviruses (PAVs) are attractive vectors for vaccination. As a prerequisite for generating PAV-3 vectors containing complete deletion of E1, we transfected VIDO R1 cells (fetal porcine retina cells transformed with E1 region of human adenovirus 5) with a construct containing PAV-3 E1B(large) coding sequences under the control ...
Bielarczyk Hanna - - 2003
High susceptibility of cholinergic neurons to neurotoxic signals may result from their utilization of acetyl-CoA for both energy production and acetylcholine synthesis. SN56 cholinergic cells were transfected stably with cDNA for choline acetyltransferase. Transfected cells (SN56ChAT2) expressed choline acetyltransferase activity and acetylcholine content, 17 times and 2 times higher, respectively, ...
Nordström Kurt - - 2003
Plasmids lacking a functional partition system are randomly distributed to the daughter cells; plasmid-free daughter cells are formed with a frequency of (1/2)2n per cell and cell generation where 2n is the (average) copy number at cell division. Hence, the unit of segregation is one plasmid copy. However, plasmids form ...
Vejda Susanne - - 2003
Activins C and E (homodimers of the betaC and betaE subunits), which are almost exclusively expressed in the liver, are members of the transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) superfamily of growth factors. We examined their expression in three different hepatoma cell lines and found that, compared with normal liver or ...
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