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Liang Qinchuan - - 2005
Basigin/CD147, also named extracelluar matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), has been implicated in playing very important roles in several aspects of tumor progression. In this study, we examined the inhibitory effects of antisense RNA of CD147 on invasion and angiogenesis of human glioblastoma U251 cells in vitro. The U251 cell line ...
Kang Han Chang - - 2005
Ex vivo transfer of therapeutic genes to cells is one of the potential strategies to prolong the life span of cell transplants. However, relatively safe non-viral carriers have not been extensively investigated due to their lower transfection efficiency. In this study, poly(L-lysine)-g-sulfonylurea varying SU content (PLL-SU) was synthesized to promote ...
Takada Tatsuyuki - - 2005
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been widely used for suppressing gene expression in various organisms. Here, we describe efficient methods to suppress target genes (EGFP or Oct4) using siRNA in mouse and monkey ES cells, and differentiation. In mouse ES cells, FACS analysis revealed that EGFP expression was suppressed in ...
Marrero Joeli - - 2005
Conjugation enables horizontal transmission of DNA among bacteria, thereby facilitating the rapid spread of genes such as those conferring resistance to antibiotics. Cell-cell contact is required for conjugative DNA transfer but does not ensure its success. The presence of certain plasmids in potential recipient cells inhibits redundant transfer of these ...
Mennesson Eric - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Following systemic administration, polyplexes must cross the endothelium barrier to deliver genes to the target cells underneath. To design an efficient gene delivery system into lung epithelium, we evaluated capture and transfection efficiencies of DNA complexed with either Jet-PEI (PEI-polyplexes) or histidylated polylysine (His-polyplexes) in human lung microvascular endothelial ...
Tohno Masanori - - 2005
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) has been shown to mediate cell signaling in response to microbial cell wall components, such as peptidoglycan, lipoteichoic acid, microbial lipoprotein, and zymosan. In this study, we cloned the swine TLR2 and used it to transfect Chinese hamster ovary K-1 cells. We demonstrated that the swine ...
Cai Dong - - 2005
Introduction of exogenous DNA into mammalian cells represents a powerful approach for manipulating signal transduction. The available techniques, however, are limited by low transduction efficiency and low cell viability after transduction. Here we report a highly efficient molecular delivery technique, named nanotube spearing, based on the penetration of nickel-embedded nanotubes ...
Ovcharenko Dmitriy - - 2005
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are being used to induce sequence-specific gene silencing in cultured cells to study mammalian gene function. Libraries of siRNAs targeting entire human gene classes can be used to identify genes with specific cellular functions. Here we describe high-throughput siRNA delivery methods to facilitate siRNA library screening ...
Dean D A DA Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, - - 2005
Nonviral gene delivery is limited to a large extent by multiple extracellular and intracellular barriers. One of the major barriers, especially in nondividing cells, is the nuclear envelope. Once in the cytoplasm, plasmids must make their way into the nucleus in order to be expressed. Numerous studies have demonstrated that ...
Hu Yi Peter - - 2005
The role of the ErbB family in supporting the malignant phenotype was characterized by stable transfection of a single chain antibody (ScFv5R) against ErbB2 containing a KDEL endoplasmic reticulum retention sequence into GEO human colon carcinoma cells. The antibody traps ErbB2 in the endoplasmic reticulum, thereby down-regulating cell surface ErbB2. ...
Hamada Anna Lissa - - 2005
CONTEXT: Choriocarcinoma cells not only synthesize human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), but also express LH/CG receptors on the cell membrane. This suggests that the hCG and LH/CG receptors may play a role in regulating the biological function of choriocarcinoma cells in an autocrine/paracrine manner. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: The objective of this ...
Chen Jun - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate the expression of apoptosis related gene Fas ligand (FasL) in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells HepG2 and its significance in apoptosis. METHODS: Levels of soluble Fas ligand (sFasL) in a group of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-induced chronic hepatitis, HBV-positive liver cirrhosis and HCC were evaluated. ...
Hansen Wiebke - - 2005
Retroviral vectors released from mouse-derived packaging cell lines are inactivated in human sera by naturally occurring antibodies due to the recognition of Galalpha1,3Galbeta1,4GlcNAc (alphagal-epitope) decorated surface proteins. In this study, an extensive analysis of the glycosylation potential of NIH3T3-derived PA317 packaging cells using combined MALDI/TOF-MS and HPAE-PAD reveals that 34% ...
Qin Jian-Min - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Signal regulatory protein alpha1 (Sirpalpha1) is a negative regulatory factor, and inhibits receptor tyrosine kinase-dependent cell proliferating signal. This study was undertaken to observe the effect of signal regulatory proteinalpha1 (Sirpalpha1)on gankyrin,cyclin D1,CDK4 and Fas expression in Sk-hep1 mouse hepatoma carcinoma cell line. METHODS: BOSC 23 packed cells were ...
Zhai Ling - - 2005
In contrast to extensive studies on the roles of molecular chaperones, such as heat shock proteins, there are only a few reports about the roles of GRP78/BiP, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-induced molecular chaperone, in mammalian cell responses to DNA-damaging stresses. To investigate whether GRP78/BiP is involved in resistance to ...
Alokail Majed S - - 2005
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is activated by autocrine growth factors in many types of tumours, including breast tumours. This receptor has been linked to a poor prognosis in breast cancer and may promote proliferation, migration, invasion, and cell survival as well as inhibition of apoptosis. Human breast ductal carcinoma ...
Singh Balraj - - 2005
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an inducible enzyme involved in prostaglandin (including PGE(2)) biosynthesis, is overexpressed in several epithelial malignancies including breast cancer. We tested the hypothesis that COX-2 overexpression in breast cancer cells results in increased cell motility and invasion. COX-2 overproducing cells were generated by stable transfection of several human breast ...
Thomas Philip P Department of Pharmacology, University College London, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6BT, - - 2005
The HEK cell line has been extensively used as an expression tool for recombinant proteins since it was generated over 25 years ago. Although of epithelial origin, its biochemical machinery is capable of carrying out most of the post-translational folding and processing required to generate functional, mature protein from a ...
Morisaki Kuniaki - - 2005
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analyses of the ABCG2 gene have revealed three nonsynonymous SNPs resulting in the amino acid changes at V12M, Q141K and D620N. To determine whether the SNPs have an effect on drug transport, human embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293) were stably transfected with full length ABCG2 coding wild-type ...
Gao Junwei - - 2005
Aquaporin (AQP) is a kind of channel-forming membrane glycoprotein that mediates osmotic water transport. The present study aimed to establish a cell line stably transfected with AQP1 to measure osmotic water permeability. The recombinant plasmid was constructed by subcloning the full-length rat AQP1 cDNA into pEGFP-C3 vector, named pEGFP/AQP1. Human ...
Feng De-Yun - - 2005
AIM: To study the effect of hepatitis C virus nonstructural region 3 (HCV NS3) protein on proliferation and transformation of normal human liver cell line. METHODS: QSG7701 cells were transfected with pRcHCNS3-5', pRcHCNS3-3' and pRcCMV using lipofectamine transfecting technique and selected with G418 method. Expression of HCV NS3 protein was ...
Prasad Tekkatte Krishnamurthy - - 2005
Variation in transfection efficiency observed in different cell-types is poorly understood. To investigate the influence of endocytic activity on lipid-mediated transfections, we have monitored both the processes in 12 different cell-types. The endocytic activity shows a strong positive correlation (P < 0.01), with transfection efficiency. Treatment with wortmannin resulted in ...
Poliseno Laura - - 2005
Testing of short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to knock-down gene expression is complicated in primary differentiated cells due to their limited availability and short in vitro life span. The objective of this study was to bypass these limitations by testing selected siRNAs in a heterologous cell line. A plasmid containing a ...
Warmann Steven W - - 2005
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) is widely used as a marker in different biologic systems. After vector transfection, eGFP is expressed by eukaryotic cells and can be visualized using fluorescent microscopy. The aim of this study was to establish an eGFP-transfected human hepatoblastoma (HB) cell line as tool for ...
Nicholson Linda J - - 2005
The success of RNA interference (RNAi) in mammalian cells, mediated by siRNAs or shRNA-generating plasmids, is dependent, to an extent, upon transfection efficiency. This is a particular problem with primary cells, which are often difficult to transfect using cationic lipid vehicles. Effective RNAi in primary cells is thus best achieved ...
Männistö Marjo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) maintains the function of photoreceptors and eyesight and is an important target for gene delivery. Since in some diseases RPE cells proliferate uncontrollably, we investigated the role of cell cycle in non-viral gene delivery into a RPE cell line (D407). METHODS: D407 (human) cells were ...
Funnell Barbara E - - 2005
Plasmid partition systems are essential for the stability and thus the survival of low-copy-number plasmids in growing bacterial populations. The partition reaction is responsible for proper intracellular distribution of plasmids in the bacterial cell cycle. One common step in most partition models is the pairing of plasmids to each other ...
Malfatti Michael A - - 2005
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase proteins (UGT) catalyze the glucuronidation of both endogenous and xenobiotic compounds. In previous studies, UGT1A1 has been implicated in the detoxification of certain food-borne carcinogenic-heterocyclic amines. To determine the importance of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) in the biotransformation of the cooked-food carcinogen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), genetically modified CHO cells that are ...
Cheng Sheng-Quan - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the survivin gene expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line SMMC-7721 and the effects of survivin gene RNA interference (RNAi) on cell apoptosis and biological behaviors of SMMC-7721 cells. METHODS: Eukaryotic expression vector of survivin gene RNAi and recombinant plasmid pSuppressorNeo-survivin (pSuNeo-SVV), were constructed by ligating into ...
Watanabe Hisashi - - 2005
Hypophosphatasia (HOPS) is a clinically heterogeneous heritable disorder characterized by defective skeletal mineralization, deficiency of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) activity, and premature loss of deciduous teeth. To date, various mutations in the TNSALP gene have been identified. Especially, A115V located in exon 5 has been detected in a Japanese patient ...
Kamimura Yutaka - - 2005
alpha2,8-Sialyltransferase (alpha2,8S-T, GD3 synthase) has been reported to be involved in the enhanced cell proliferation of malignant tumors. Using a cloned cDNA of alpha2,8S-T, transfectant cells were established and the effects of the gene expression on the cell phenotypes were analyzed. In contrast with PC12 cells, in which we reported ...
Paterson L - - 2005
The introduction and subsequent expression of foreign DNA inside living mammalian cells (transfection) is achieved by photoporation with a violet diode laser. We direct a compact 405 nm laser diode source into an inverted optical microscope configuration and expose cells to 0.3 mW for 40 ms. The localized optical power ...
Xiao De-Sheng - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the effect of deleted pancreatic cancer locus 4 (DPC4) gene transfection on biological behaviors of human colorectal carcinoma cells and the role of DPC4 gene in colorectal carcinogenesis. METHODS: PcDNA3.1-DPC4 plasmid was re-constructed by gene-recombination technology. SW620 cells, a human colorectal carcinoma cell line, were transfected with ...
Isalan Mark - - 2005
High-throughput gene analysis would benefit from new approaches for delivering DNA or RNA into cells. Here we describe a simple system that allows any molecular biology laboratory to carry out multiple, parallel cell transfections on microscope coverslip arrays. By using magnetically defined positions and PCR product-coated paramagnetic beads, we achieved ...
Hu Zhong-Liang - - 2005
AIM: Transforming growth interacting factor (TGIF) is an inhibitor of both transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) and retinoid signaling pathways. Moreover, the activation of MAPK pathway can prolong its half-life. However, its role in carcinogenesis is still unknown. Thus we attempted to investigate the effect of TGIF on biologic behaviors ...
Derouazi, Madiha
Recombinant proteins are gaining in importance for therapeutic applications. The proteins are expressed in stable cell lines, within which recombinant DNA has incorporated into the host cells genome. Identification and isolation of extremely high producers from transfected cell populations is a tedious and time-consuming effort. We proposed two different approaches ...
Muller, Natalie
Recombinant proteins are important for biomedical research and for the treatment of human disease. Therefore it is necessary to develop reproducible bioprocesses to rapidly produce proteins of adequate quality and quantity. Expression in mammalian cells is preferred if the proteins are to be properly folded and post-translationally modified. For the ...
Iwamori Masao - - 2005
Transfection of the mouse Fut1 and Fut2, and human FUT1 genes into human ovarian carcinoma-derived RMG-1 cells resulted in 20-30-fold increases in cellular alpha1,2-fucosyltransferase activity, and in alteration of the glycolipid composition, including not only fucosylated products, but also precursor glycolipids. Although globo-series glycolipids were not significantly affected by the ...
Zheng Rui - - 2005
CD9, a transmembrane protein known as motility-related protein-1, plays a pivotal role in regulating cell adhesion, motility, and proliferation, and has been regarded as an important metastasis-inhibitory factor of various human cancers. However, little information has been obtained regarding the highly metastatic human small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). In the present ...
Tang Yi - - 2005
The transfection efficiency of oligonucleotide and plasmid to the HL-60 cell line with lipofectaminePLUS was compared through observing the transfection rate and the expression duration of exogenous gene in the target cells. The results showed that the transfection rate of oligonucleotide to the HL-60 was about 90% - 95% and ...
Liang Fong-Qi - - 2005
Glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) play an important role in protection mechanisms against oxidative stress. We sought to determine whether over-expression of human GSTA1-1 in RPE cells is able to attenuate H(2)O(2)-induced oxidative stress. SV40-transformed human fetal RPE cells were stably transfected with pRC/hGSTA1-1 vector which carries a full-length of human GSTA1-1 cDNA. ...
Wu Yue - - 2005
Transient transfection of NIH3T3 cells with various constructs of myosin phosphatase target subunit (MYPT1) and GFP showed distinct cellular localizations. Constructs containing the N-terminal nuclear localization signals (NLS), i.e. full-length MYPT1 and N-terminal MYPT1 fragments, were concentrated in the nucleus. Full-length chicken and human MYPT1-GFP showed discrete nuclear foci. Deletion ...
Lu Xingrong - - 2005
In order to investigate the effect of small ubiquitin-like modifier-1 (SUMO-1) on the p53-induced HepG2 cell apoptosis, HepG2 cells were transfected by recombinant plasmids as pwtp53, pMDM2 and pSUMO-1 respectively. Western blot was employed to detect the protein expression of the transfected recombinant plasmids and the rate of apoptosis was ...
Liao Hongtao - - 2005
Small interfering RNAs (siRNA) could be the ideal inhibitor of specific gene expression if they could be delivered efficiently to their targets. Although siRNAs cannot by themselves cross cell membranes, they can enter cells with the help of transfection reagents via facilitated transport. Inside cells, however, they can still be ...
Adams Peter D - - 2005
Short interfering (si) RNAs are commonly used to knock down expression of proteins in mammalian cells and thereby investigate protein function. siRNAs were originally introduced into mammalian cells by transient transfection of short, synthetic, double-stranded RNA oligonucleotides. More recently, a convenient, more cost-effective approach has been developed that makes use ...
Topaloglu Ozlem - - 2005
Recent studies have demonstrated the utility of recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vectors in the generation of human knockout cell lines. The efficiency with which such cell lines can be generated using rAAV, in comparison with more extensively described plasmid-based approaches, has not been directly tested. In this report, we demonstrate ...
Wagner Ernst - - 2005
Dominating issues in gene vector optimization are specific in recognizing the target cells and exploiting the proper intracellular trafficking routes. Any progress in this area will result in improved specific gene transfer, reduce the required therapeutic vector doses and, in consequence, lower the overall toxicity to the host. To provide ...
Reed Chantal A - - 2005
In an effort to optimize the transfection of cell lines with antisense oligonucleotides, we examined cellular accumulation of a labeled oligonucleotide by flow cytometry. We were surprised to observe that a routinely used transfection protocol, a fixed lipid/oligonucleotide ratio, resulted in variable transfection efficiency depending on the concentration of oligonucleotide ...
Borth Nicole - - 2005
Previous work has shown that a human-antibody-producing recombinant CHO cell line did not increase its intracellular content of protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) and heavy chain binding protein (BIP) according to the increasing expression of antibody. It was also found that the intracellular assembly of light and heavy chain is a ...
Wang Li - - 2005
As previously shown, vinblastine, when incorporated into a cationic lipid prior to generation of lipoplexes, increases by approximately 30-fold the extent of transfection of pbeta-Gal with a cytomegalovirus promoter (pCMV-beta-Gal) to vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) by 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-ethylphosphocholine (EDOPC)-pCMV-beta-Gal complexes. To test if this increase is limited to VSMC and ...
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