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Results 601 - 650 of 1863
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Kim Yeon Kyu - - 2005
Schneider 2 (S2) cells from Drosophila melanogaster have been used as a plasmid-based, non-lytic expression system for foreign proteins. Here, a plasmid encoding the human erythropoietin (hEPO) gene fused with a hexahistidine (His(6)) tag under the control of the Drosophila metallothionein (MT) promoter was stably transfected into Drosophila S2 cells. ...
Reinisalo Mika - - 2006
WERI-Rb1 retinoblastoma (Rb) cell line, a human photoreceptor model, is notoriously difficult to transfect. Culturing of the WERI-Rb1 cells as a monolayer is complicated and cells are easily detached during transfection. Furthermore, transfection efficiencies in monolayer and in suspension are moderate at best which has limited the analysis of photoreceptor-specific ...
Studzinski Diane M - - 2005
To examine effects of expression of the PNS myelin P0 glycoprotein in glial cells of CNS lineage, we transfected murine N20.1 glial cells with a rat P0 cDNA. A stably transfected cell line expressing high levels of P0 message showed P0 immunostaining, along with changes in morphology. Polymerase chain reaction ...
Drake Timothy J - - 2005
Visual and quantitative monitoring of cell-to-cell variation in the expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) mRNA by using novel ratiometric imaging with molecular beacons (MB) reveals a distinct change in patterns following induction of human breast-carcinoma cells with lipopolysaccharide. Interestingly, the pattern of cell-to-cell variation in a cell line stably ...
Neumann Jennifer L - - 2006
Relaxin is a peptide hormone produced by a wide variety of mammals. In the horse, the placenta is the major source of relaxin. Since pure equine relaxin is difficult to obtain to study its role in the pregnant mare, the objectives of this study were to produce recombinant equine prorelaxin ...
Wang Xiao-Hu - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the relation between the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and liver cancer, to construct the recombinant adenovirus encoding human COX-2 antisense RNA, and to explore its effects on liver cancer cell proliferation. METHODS: We studied the expression of COX-2 in 34 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and SMMC7402 ...
Sun Wei-bin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), which belong to the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, are powerful regulators of cartilage and bone formation. This study investigated the biological changes of NIH3T3 cells incubated with secretive BMP2 that was induced by gene transfection through transwell. METHODS: Eukaryonic expression vector (pcDNA3.1-B2) was transfered ...
Bonefeld-Jorgensen Eva C - - 2005
The estrogenic potential of four pesticides (endosulfan, prochloraz, tolchlofos-methyl and propamocarb) was compared in parallel with 17beta-estradiol (E2) by reporter constructs in transient transfected MCF-7BUS and in stable transfected MVLN cells. Similar detection limit and half maximum effect concentration was determined for E2, whereas the maximum effect concentration of E2 ...
Sakai Yasunari - - 2006
Introduction of foreign genes into target cells is a crucial step for achievement of gene therapy. We have recently developed a novel transfection system for eukaryotic cells, namely the electric pulse-activated gas plasma generator. To measure the transfection efficiency and mortality by flow-cytometry, we employed enhanced green fluorescent protein and ...
Hong Yeongjin - - 2005
Aerolysin, a secreted bacterial toxin from Aeromonas hydrophila, binds to glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein and kills the cells by forming pores. Both GPI and N-glycan moieties of GPI-anchored proteins are involved in efficient binding of aerolysin. We isolated various Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) mutant cells resistant to aerolysin. Among them, CHOPA41.3 ...
Nakagawa Taeko - - 2005
The role of regucalcin, which is a regulatory protein in intracellular signaling pathway, in the regulation of cell proliferation was investigated by using the cloned normal rat kidney proximal tubular epithelial NRK52E cells over-expressing regucalcin. NRK52E cells were transfected with regucalcin (RC) pCXN2 vector and the multiple neomycin-resistant clones that ...
Lee Sung-Lim - - 2005
The production of transgenic (TG) animals by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has proven to be a more efficient method than other methods, such as gene injection or sperm mediation. The present study was intended to evaluate the efficiency of gene transfection by Effectene (Qiagen, Inc.), a lipid-based reagent compared ...
Zamora-Leon S Pilar - - 2005
We investigated the interaction of MAP-2c and Fyn in the initiation of process outgrowth in COS7 cells. Single transfections of Fyn and MAP-2c resulted in a dramatic decrease in flat, rounded COS7 cells, and a significant increase in both the number of cells with multiple short, spike-like processes, and cells ...
Zhang Ling - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop an efficient non-viral gene delivery system in order to transfer CDKN1B gene efficiently into lung and liver carcinoma cells. METHODS: A recombinant plasmid composed of CDKN1B sequence and EYFP as reporter gene was constructed and identified. The recombinant DNA was then formulated the lipids-polycation-DNA complexes(LPDs) with protamine ...
Wang Guqi - - 2005
Liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) contains amino acids that are known to possess antioxidant function. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that L-FABP may serve as an effective endogenous cytoprotectant against oxidative stress. Chang liver cells were selected as the experimental model because of their undetectable L-FABP mRNA ...
Rached Mohamed - - 2005
The human melanocortin-2 receptor (hMC2R) is mainly present in the adrenal cortex and has been difficult to express in heterologous cells. The hMC2R fused to the EGFP at its C-terminus has been stably transfected in the murine M3 melanoma and HEK293 cells. In the M3 cells, the hMC2R-EGFP was well-addressed ...
Grassi G - - 2006
The development of effective gene-therapeutic applications for cardiovascular disorders is in part limited by the lack of appropriate delivery systems. In an attempt to overcome this deficiency, we investigated the ability of baculoviral vectors to transduce human cardiovascular cells, for which data are missing in literature. Additionally, baculovirus ability to ...
Ding Ke-Feng - - 2005
AIM: To study the effect of SNC19/ST14 gene overexpression on invasion in vitro of colorectal cancer cells. METHODS: The adhesion of SNC19/ST14 gene-transfected cells to ECM was measured by MTT assay. The cell movement was evaluated by wound healing assay. Cell invasion and migration were determined by invasion assay in ...
Romøren Kristine - - 2005
Immunisation of fish by immersion has been applied for inactivated, whole cell bacterins, where the gill epithelial cells are considered as one of the prime uptake sites. Antigen entry is a critical factor for delivery of vaccine antigens through the immersion route, also for DNA vaccines, and delivery systems like ...
Kang Chun-Sheng - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study the inhibitory effects of plasmid-based siRNA targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) on tumor proliferation and invasion of TJ905 glioblastoma cells. METHODS: Two siRNA expression constructs targeting human EGFR extracellular domain (516-536) and catalytic domain (2400-2420) were transfected into TJ905 cell as mediated by Lipofectamine. Immunofluorescence ...
Kim Tae-Il - - 2005
Biodegradable cross-linked poly(beta-amino ester) (CLPAE) was synthesized by Michael addition of pentaerythritol triacrylate and N,N-dimethylethylenediamine and modified with aminohexanoic acid and lysine to CLPAE-Ahx and CLPAE-Lys, respectively, for a gene delivery system. They could self-assemble with plasmid DNA, forming nanosized polyplexes, and CLPAE-Ahx polyplex released plasmid DNA slowly during a ...
JabloĊ„ski Jakub - - 2005
The influence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor--N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)--on the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) by HepG2 cells, engineered to overexpress CYP2E1, was assessed and compared with data from empty vector-transfected cells. HepG2 cells produced significant amounts of NDMA but its levels in the culture ...
Lakshman Raj - - 2005
This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2004 RSA Meeting held in Vancouver, Canada. The chairs were Arthur I. Cederbaum and Raj Lakshman. The presentations were (1) ethanol regulates 2,6-sialyltransferase (2,6-ST) gene expression posttranscriptionally by the interaction of a cytosolic binding protein with 2,6-ST mRNA in CYP2E1- ...
Gasiorowski Joshua Z JZ Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, 240 E. Huron Avenue, McGaw 2336, Chicago, IL 60611, - - 2005
One often overlooked aspect of nonviral gene therapy is the maintenance and localization of plasmids within a transfected cell. In this study we have quantified the nuclear retention of plasmids within microinjected cells after a single round of cell division. We employed several commercially available reagents to label plasmids with ...
Tani Motohiro - - 2005
Neutral ceramidase is a type II integral membrane protein, which is occasionally secreted into the extracellular milieu after the processing of its N-terminal anchor. We found that when overexpressed in CHOP cells, neutral ceramidase hydrolyzed cell surface ceramide, which increased in amount after the treatment of cells with bacterial sphingomyelinase, ...
Durany Olga - - 2005
We report a novel application for the operator-repressor titration (ORT) plasmid maintenance system. The ability of ORT to maintain a plasmid during production of DNA has been demonstrated previously. In this study, we have used the ORT system to maintain a plasmid during high cell density cultivation and expression of ...
Richard Ines - - 2005
Transplantation of neural precursor cells (NPCs) is a potential tool to replace dysfunctional or degenerated neuronal or glial cell types in the central nervous system. Furthermore, transplantation of genetically engineered neural precursor cells might provide a strategy to target therapeutic gene products to the diseased nervous system. Here, we describe ...
Yu De-Hua - - 2005
Transient transfection of short interfering RNAs to inactivate cancer therapeutic genes in cancer cells is an important method to induce therapeutic phenotypes (cell apoptosis, growth arrest, etc.) for cancer target validation. These phenotypes can be initially assessed by cell survival via colorimetric/fluorescence readings, e.g., alamarBlue (Trek Diagnostic Systems, Cleveland, OH) ...
Matsuzaki Hidenori - - 2005
The expression of syndecan-1 generally appears down-regulated in human cancers and experimental models, whereas transfectional expression of syndecan-1 in cancer cells has been shown to inhibit aspects of their malignant behavior. To clarify how reduced levels of syndecan-1 may confer enhanced invasiveness, we transfected human ovarian cancer cell line HRA ...
Jarnjak-Jankovic Silvija - - 2005
Children with high-risk neuroblastoma (NB) have a poor clinical outcome. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate different strategies for immunotherapy of high-risk NB based on vaccination with antigen-loaded dendritic cells (DCs). DCs are professional antigen-presenting cells with the ability to induce antitumor T-cell responses. We have compared ...
Hamamura Kazunori - - 2005
Although ganglioside GD3 levels are highly elevated in malignant melanomas, the role of GD3 in melanomas' malignant properties has not been clearly shown. To investigate this problem, we genetically generated GD3-positive (GD3+) transfectant cells from a GD3-negative (GD3-) mutant line SK-MEL-28-N1 and analyzed the phenotypic changes in the transfected cells. ...
Palmer Gaby - - 2005
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) inhibits the classical biological effects of interleukin (IL)-1 by preventing its binding to IL-1 receptors. There are, however, four different isoforms of IL-1Ra, of which three are intracellular (icIL-1Ra1, 2, 3). Due to their localization, icIL-1Ras cannot interact with cell surface IL-1 receptors and have been ...
Kvell Krisztian - - 2005
Recently, using HIV-1-derived lentivectors, we obtained efficient transduction of primary human B lymphocytes cocultured with murine EL-4 B5 thymoma cells, but not of isolated B cells activated by CD40 ligation. Coculture with a cell line is problematic for gene therapy applications or study of gene functions. We have now found ...
Zhang Yincheng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the growth inhibitory effects of transfecting the wild-type p16 gene into human salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) cells in vitro. METHODS: p16 cDNA was cloned into pDOR-neo plasmid by recombination technique, and the human eukaryotic expression vector, pDOR-p16 , was constructed. P16 gene was ...
Ou D - - 2005
Transfectants of human CM and NES2Y beta cell lines and primary islets transfected by FADD-DN (dominant-negative form of Fas-associated death domain), a mutant of FADD and/or a superrepressor of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) (AdIkappaB(SA)2), were examined for their susceptibility to the TRAIL (TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand)-induced death signal pathway, compared with ...
Kwon Young Do - - 2005
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are an in vitro model system for the study of human early development and a potential source for cell-based therapies. An efficient strategy for cellular manipulation of hESCs may be highly valuable for the analysis of gene function involved in human embryogenesis and the development ...
Liang Qinchuan - - 2005
Basigin/CD147, also named extracelluar matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN), has been implicated in playing very important roles in several aspects of tumor progression. In this study, we examined the inhibitory effects of antisense RNA of CD147 on invasion and angiogenesis of human glioblastoma U251 cells in vitro. The U251 cell line ...
Kang Han Chang - - 2005
Ex vivo transfer of therapeutic genes to cells is one of the potential strategies to prolong the life span of cell transplants. However, relatively safe non-viral carriers have not been extensively investigated due to their lower transfection efficiency. In this study, poly(L-lysine)-g-sulfonylurea varying SU content (PLL-SU) was synthesized to promote ...
Takada Tatsuyuki - - 2005
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been widely used for suppressing gene expression in various organisms. Here, we describe efficient methods to suppress target genes (EGFP or Oct4) using siRNA in mouse and monkey ES cells, and differentiation. In mouse ES cells, FACS analysis revealed that EGFP expression was suppressed in ...
Marrero Joeli - - 2005
Conjugation enables horizontal transmission of DNA among bacteria, thereby facilitating the rapid spread of genes such as those conferring resistance to antibiotics. Cell-cell contact is required for conjugative DNA transfer but does not ensure its success. The presence of certain plasmids in potential recipient cells inhibits redundant transfer of these ...
Mennesson Eric - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Following systemic administration, polyplexes must cross the endothelium barrier to deliver genes to the target cells underneath. To design an efficient gene delivery system into lung epithelium, we evaluated capture and transfection efficiencies of DNA complexed with either Jet-PEI (PEI-polyplexes) or histidylated polylysine (His-polyplexes) in human lung microvascular endothelial ...
Tohno Masanori - - 2005
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) has been shown to mediate cell signaling in response to microbial cell wall components, such as peptidoglycan, lipoteichoic acid, microbial lipoprotein, and zymosan. In this study, we cloned the swine TLR2 and used it to transfect Chinese hamster ovary K-1 cells. We demonstrated that the swine ...
Cai Dong - - 2005
Introduction of exogenous DNA into mammalian cells represents a powerful approach for manipulating signal transduction. The available techniques, however, are limited by low transduction efficiency and low cell viability after transduction. Here we report a highly efficient molecular delivery technique, named nanotube spearing, based on the penetration of nickel-embedded nanotubes ...
Ovcharenko Dmitriy - - 2005
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) are being used to induce sequence-specific gene silencing in cultured cells to study mammalian gene function. Libraries of siRNAs targeting entire human gene classes can be used to identify genes with specific cellular functions. Here we describe high-throughput siRNA delivery methods to facilitate siRNA library screening ...
Dean D A DA Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, - - 2005
Nonviral gene delivery is limited to a large extent by multiple extracellular and intracellular barriers. One of the major barriers, especially in nondividing cells, is the nuclear envelope. Once in the cytoplasm, plasmids must make their way into the nucleus in order to be expressed. Numerous studies have demonstrated that ...
Hu Yi Peter - - 2005
The role of the ErbB family in supporting the malignant phenotype was characterized by stable transfection of a single chain antibody (ScFv5R) against ErbB2 containing a KDEL endoplasmic reticulum retention sequence into GEO human colon carcinoma cells. The antibody traps ErbB2 in the endoplasmic reticulum, thereby down-regulating cell surface ErbB2. ...
Hamada Anna Lissa - - 2005
CONTEXT: Choriocarcinoma cells not only synthesize human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), but also express LH/CG receptors on the cell membrane. This suggests that the hCG and LH/CG receptors may play a role in regulating the biological function of choriocarcinoma cells in an autocrine/paracrine manner. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: The objective of this ...
Chen Jun - - 2005
AIM: To evaluate the expression of apoptosis related gene Fas ligand (FasL) in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells HepG2 and its significance in apoptosis. METHODS: Levels of soluble Fas ligand (sFasL) in a group of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-induced chronic hepatitis, HBV-positive liver cirrhosis and HCC were evaluated. ...
Hansen Wiebke - - 2005
Retroviral vectors released from mouse-derived packaging cell lines are inactivated in human sera by naturally occurring antibodies due to the recognition of Galalpha1,3Galbeta1,4GlcNAc (alphagal-epitope) decorated surface proteins. In this study, an extensive analysis of the glycosylation potential of NIH3T3-derived PA317 packaging cells using combined MALDI/TOF-MS and HPAE-PAD reveals that 34% ...
Qin Jian-Min - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Signal regulatory protein alpha1 (Sirpalpha1) is a negative regulatory factor, and inhibits receptor tyrosine kinase-dependent cell proliferating signal. This study was undertaken to observe the effect of signal regulatory proteinalpha1 (Sirpalpha1)on gankyrin,cyclin D1,CDK4 and Fas expression in Sk-hep1 mouse hepatoma carcinoma cell line. METHODS: BOSC 23 packed cells were ...
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