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Results 551 - 600 of 1865
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Zhao Gang - - 2006
BACKGROUND: SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) induced cell apoptosis and its structural proteins may play a role in this process. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the structural proteins M and N of SARS-CoV induce apoptosis. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated human pulmonary fibroblast (HPF) cells, were transfected with plasmids containing the M or N ...
Xu Qingfu - - 2006
Recombinant adenoviruses (Ad) are being explored as promising delivery systems for gene therapy and vaccination. However, there is a concern about the possibility of generating replication-competent adenoviruses (RCA) using the human embryonic kidney 293 cell line. We have constructed a new cell line named the UR cell line which can ...
Nikolskaya Alena V - - 2006
Heterogeneous gene expression in cardiac cells and tissues which requires targeted delivery of foreign DNA into selected cells or regions is needed for the development of novel therapies. Several techniques have been employed for targeted transfection, such as direct microinjection into cells or targeted electroporation. However, these techniques have limited ...
Grosse Stéphanie - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To investigate the nuclear import mechanism of plasmid/polyethylenimine (PEI) derivative complexes and the putative nuclear targeting of therapeutic genes by the use of oligosaccharides, we have studied the nuclear import of plasmid DNA complexed either with PEI or with lactosylated PEI (Lac-PEI) in cystic fibrosis human airway epithelial cells ...
Kusama Toshiyuki - - 2006
A number of small GTPases are involved in cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion, acting as molecular switches that cycle between GTP- and GDP-bound states. GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) have been established as a major class of negative regulators of Rho GTPase signaling. To investigate the biological function of p190 RhoGAP ...
Kusumoto Ken-Ichi - - 2006
Gene transfer is an important tool to explore genomic, cell biologic, or gene therapeutic research. In this paper we report that several cationic amphiphiles have the potential to efficiently deliver DNA into CHO cells, which is one of the cell lines considered to be important for production of proteins including ...
Chu Shenghua - - 2006
BACKGROUND: C-Met, a receptor tyrosine kinase, and its ligand, hepatocyte growth factor, are critical in cellular proliferation, motility, and invasion and are known to be overexpressed in gliomas. The aim of our study was therefore to investigate the effect of transfected caroboxyfluorescein-5-succimidyl ester (FAM)-labeled c-Met antisense oligonucleotide (ASODN) on growth ...
Neukamm Birgit - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Non-viral gene transfer efficiency is low as compared to viral vector systems. Here we describe the discovery of new drugs that are capable of enhancing non-viral gene transfer into mammalian cells using a novel two-stage screening procedure. METHODS: First, potential candidates are preselected from a molecular library at various ...
Ogay I D - - 2006
Insect cell lines have been widely used in recombinant baculovirus expression systems and transient gene expression studies. Critical to these applications have been the transfection of foreign DNA. This has been frequently done using labor intensive and cytotoxic liposome-based transfection reagents. In the current study we have optimized a new ...
Tian Xin-Xia - - 2006
The main molecular genetic changes identified in glioblastomas are overexpression/amplification of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene and mutation/ deletion of the tumor suppressor PTEN gene. These two genetic changes both play important roles in glial tumorigenesis and progression. In this study, we demonstrated that wild-type PTEN transfection inhibited ...
Kakutani Kenichiro - - 2006
To investigate the efficacies and the longevity of RNA interference in nucleus pulposus cells from rat and human, two reporter luciferase plasmids (Firefly and Renilla) were used. These plasmids were cotransfected with siRNA targeting Firefly luciferase to the nucleus pulposus cells extracted from Sprague Dawley rats and scoliosis patients. The ...
Ejeskär Katarina - - 2006
Here we report a method for efficient transfection of in vitro-transcribed mRNA into two different types of human adherent cells, the neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-AS, and the transformed kidney cell line HEK293. By using newly trypsinized adherent cells in suspension and Lipofectaminetrade mark 2000, we detected a transfection efficiency of ...
Yang Ding-Zhong DZ Shannxi Provincial Hospital, Xi'an 710065, Shannxi Province, China. - - 2006
To explore the influence of angiostatin up-regulation on the biologic behavior of gallbladder carcinoma cells in vitro and in vitro, and the potential value of angiostatin gene therapy for gallbladder carcinoma. A eukaryotic expression vector of pcDNA3.1(+) containing murine angiostatin was constructed and identified by restriction endonuclease digestion and sequencing. ...
Nakagawa Yoshihito - - 2006
Fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene is involved in the deletions at the 3p14.2 region in various cancers. We investigated the role of Fhit protein in cell growth by examining the signaling pathway affected by Fhit. We used 3 human colon cancer cell lines, SW480, DLD-1 and COLO201, in the study. ...
Koumbi Daphne - - 2006
A series of cationic liposomes known as cationic phosphonolipids (CPs) were evaluated as vehicles for in vitro gene transfer in K562 erythroleukemia cells and 5637 epithelial carcinoma cells. For each CP and target cell type examined, detailed analyses were performed to determine optimal transfection conditions (lipid/ DNA (+/-) charge ratio, ...
Hagemann Carsten - - 2006
In order to investigate the impact of signalling proteins on the phenotype and malignant behavior of glioblastoma cells, we optimized the transfection procedure of human glioblastoma cell lines U251, U373, GaMG and of primary cells obtained from a patient's tumor using nucleofection technology in conjunction with plasmid pmaxGFP. We describe ...
Galler Kerstin M - - 2006
Primary cells in culture have a limited capacity to divide and soon reach a non-proliferative state. This cellular senescence limits the investigation of cells derived from human pulp concerning cellular pathways, gene regulation, mechanisms of dentin formation, or responses to material exposure. To overcome this problem, primary human pulp-derived cells ...
Yu Ji Min - - 2006
Wnt signaling is implicated in the control of cell growth and differentiation during CNS development. These findings are based on studies of mouse and chick models. However, the action of Wnt signaling, at the cellular level, is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the roles of Wnt-3a and Wnt-5a ...
Chiang Ying-Wei YW Department of Chemical Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan, - - 2006
To study the baculovirus/mammalian cell system for efficient expression of functional large hepatitis delta antigen (L-HDAg). A recombinant baculovirus expressing histidine-tagged L-HDAg (L-HDAgH) was constructed to transduce baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells by a simplified transduction protocol. The recombinant baculovirus transduced BHK cells with efficiencies higher than 90% as determined ...
Li Xiao-ping - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Mutation or deletion in the phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) gene has been identified as an important cause of endometrial carcinoma; stromal cell derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) exerts growth-promoting effects on endometrial cancer cells through activation of the PI-3 kinase/Akt pathway and downstream effectors such as ...
Yu Jian-Ning - - 2006
Methods for cell cycle synchronization of mouse fetal fibroblast cells (MFFCs) were first selected and optimized. When MFFCs were cooled at 5 C for different periods of time, the highest percentage of cells at the G0/G1 phase (75.4+/-2.9%), with 3.5+/-0.3% of apoptotic cells, was achieved after 5 h of treatment. ...
Zang Xiao-Ping - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In a previous study, we reported that keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) produced a rapid increase in the motility of ER-positive breast cancer cells. Others have demonstrated that KGF treatment in rodent species produces rapid mammary ductal hyperplasia. Epithelial cells do not produce KGF; thus, in the present study, MCF-7 ...
Chabaud Pauline - - 2006
A novel uridine-based nucleo-lipid, DOTAU (N-[5'-(2',3'-dioleoyl)uridine]-N',N',N'-trimethylammonium tosylate) was prepared by using a convenient four-step synthetic pathway. From the preliminary physicochemical studies (quasielastic light scattering and light microscopy), this amphiphilic structure forms supramolecular organizations in aqueous solution. In addition, in the presence of nucleic acids, transmission electronic microscopy experiments (TEM) and ...
Derouazi Madiha - - 2006
Microinjection is a gene transfer technique enabling partial control of plasmid delivery into the nucleus or cytoplasm of cultured animal cells. Here this method was used to establish various recombinant mammalian cell lines. The injection volume was estimated by fluorescence quantification of injected fluorescein isothyocynate (FITC)-dextran. The DNA concentration and ...
Zhang Shu-qun - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeted to survivin in combination with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in inhibiting the proliferation of MCF-7 cells. METHODS: A siRNA targeted to survivin was synthesized and transfected into MCF-7 cells via lipofectin. Changes of the cell growth activity in response to combined ...
Wu X-J - - 2006
This study was conducted to construct the eukaryotic expression vectors for sense tankyrase and to investigate the effects of tankyrase transfection on smooth muscle cells of corpus cavernosum in the rat. After the eukaryotic expression vectors for sense tankyrase were constructed and identified smooth muscle cells of rat corpus cavernosum ...
Aoki Shunji - - 2006
Aaptamine, a benzonaphthyridine alkaloid was isolated from a marine sponge on the guidance of a bioassay using the transfected human osteosarcoma MG63 cells (MG63luc(+)). Aaptamine activated p21 promoter stably transfected in MG63 cells dose-dependently at the concentrations of 20-50microM. Expression of p21 and its mRNA in the wild-type MG63 cells ...
Milis Daniel G - - 2006
The influence of sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) on the cellular metabolism of sphingolipids was examined in control mouse L-cells and stably transfected clones expressing the protein SCP-2. Three approaches were used to examine for differences; (1) compositional analysis of endogenous sphingolipid classes, (2) metabolism of NBD-ceramide, and (3) live cell ...
Wu Mingfu - - 2006
Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP/MMP-14) is a key enzyme involved in degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) and various surface-associated proteins that control cell growth, differentiation and survival, plays crucial roles in molecular carcinogenesis, tumor cell growth, invasion, and angiogenesis. We tested the inhibitory effect of antisense MT1-MMP on the ability ...
Stansfield, Scott Hunton
Engineered mammalian (CHO, NS0 and SP2/0) cells are commonly used for large-scale&#13;production of recombinant therapeutic antibodies. Increased antibody production in these&#13;commercial manufacturing systems is often achieved through systematic empirical optimisation&#13;of culture environment and improved expression vectors. To date, our a priori&#13;knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of antibody manufacture in these ...
Gu Cong-Min - - 2006
Survivin is the smallest member of mammalian IAP (inhibitor of apoptosis) family. It is ubiquitous during embryonic development but is not expressed in normal post-natal tissues, except the thymus, colonic epithelial cells and CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells. However, its expression is upregulated during neoplastic transformation in both solid organ and ...
Jacobsen Frank - - 2006
Background. Transfection efficacy after nonviral gene transfer in primary epithelial cells is limited. The aim of this study was to compare transfection efficacy of the recently available method of nucleofection with the established transfection reagent FuGENE6. Methods. Primary human keratinocytes (HKC), primary human fibroblasts (HFB), and a human keratinocyte cell ...
Garg Ritu - - 2006
Microinjection is an excellent technique for studying the acute responses of cells to proteins and can be used to investigate the effects of mutations in proteins on their activity. It has been used widely to study the responses to Rho family guanosine triphosphatases and is particularly useful for cell types ...
Tinsley R B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Neurogenesis occurs in defined areas of the adult mammalian brain, including the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Rat neural stem/progenitor cells isolated from this region retain their multipotency in vitro and in vivo after grafting into the adult brain. Molecular signalling and lineage selection in these cells may be ...
Tao J - - 2006
The objectives of this study were to observe the effect of overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on the proliferation of the malignant melanoma (MM) cell line A375, and to study the role of nitric oxide (NO) in this process and the mechanism of VEGF induced-A375 cell proliferation. The ...
Duvshani-Eshet M - - 2006
Therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) has the potential of becoming a powerful nonviral method for the delivery of genes into cells and tissues. Understanding the mechanism by which TUS delivers genes, its bioeffects on cells and the kinetic of gene entrances to the nucleus can improve transfection efficiency and allow better control ...
Thiel Corinna - - 2006
Cell types that are important for cardiovascular research, e.g., cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, or adult stem cells, are often hard to isolate, culture, and transfect. Low-transfection efficiencies are a major limitation because, in many cases, results achieved with surrogate model cell lines, if any at all are available for the primary ...
Xiong Huihua - - 2006
In order to investigate the effects of short hairpin RNA (shRNA) on the expression of Survivin, cell cycle and cell proliferation in MCF-7 cells, using a pEGFP vector which contained a U6 promoter shRNA plasmid targeted against survivin was constructed and transfected into MCF-7 cells. The change of the expression ...
Zhou Jie - - 2006
The carboxyl-terminal amino acids 272-299-truncated apoE4 (delta272-299) is the main fragments of apoE4 hydrolysate in neurons. The effects of truncated-ApoE4 (delta272-299) overexpression on tau phosphorylation in cultured N2a cells were investigated. The truncated-apoE4 (delta272-299) cDNA was subcloned into pEGFP-c3 to form recombinant pEGFP-T-apoE4. pEGFP-c3, pEGFP-T-apoE4 and pEGFP-apoE4 were transfected into ...
Zhou Ying - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of five alkaloids, namely verticine, verticinone, imperialine, imperialine-3beta-D-glucoside, and puqietinone, purified from Bulbus Fritillariae and used as an antitussive drug in traditional Chinese medicine, on their antimuscarinic M(2) function and the cAMP level of HEK cells transfected with muscarinic M(2) ...
Huang Qi - - 2006
The cell killing effects and bystander effects of double suicide gene on pulmonary carcinoma cells were explored. Lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549) were transfected with different titers of adenovirus vector and followed with different concentrations of 5-FC after a recombinant adenovirus vector carrying CD/UPRT gene (Ad-CD/UPRT) was constructed. The cell viability ...
Yu Guangqing - - 2006
In order to construct recombinant baculovirus carrying Schistosoma japonicum 26 ku glutathione S-transferase gene (Sj26), and observe the expression of Sj26 in mammalian cells, the Sj26 gene was amplified with plasmid pGEX-3X as template by PCR, and then recombined into T vector for sequencing. Sj26 gene was inserted into the ...
Wang Guojun - - 2006
In order to construct a recombinant plasmid containing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting survivin and to investigate its effect on survivin expression and cell apoptosis of human retinoblastoma cell line Hxo-rb44 in vitro, RNA interference plasmid pSIRENS that can express shRNA of survivin was designed, constructed, and transfected into human ...
Veldhoen Sandra - - 2006
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have evolved as promising new tools to deliver nucleic acids into cells. So far, the majority of these delivery systems require a covalent linkage between carrier and cargo. To exploit the higher flexibility of a non-covalent strategy, we focused on the characterisation of a novel carrier peptide ...
Ogawa Yasuhiro - - 2005
We discovered an epoch-making gene transfer method utilizing discharge plasma. Although an electroporation method is commonly used in present gene transfer experiments, it cannot transfer genes into primary cells sufficiently. The atmospheric pressure discharge plasma employed in this study was originally used for surface treatment of non-biological materials. We hypothesized ...
Singh Moganavelli - - 2006
The synthesis and transfection potential of a novel cationic cholesterol cytofectin with a dimethylamino head group and a long 12 atom, 15A spacer incorporating relatively polar amido and dicarbonyl hydrazine linkages are reported. Thus N,N-dimethylaminopropylamidosuccinylcholesterylformylhydrazide (MS09) in equimolar admixture with dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) forms stable unilamellar liposomes (80-150 nm) which cluster ...
Brillet Karl - - 2006
The paper describes a recombinant Schneider 2 (rS2) cell culture and protein expression in a bioreactor. S2 cells were transfected with a plasmid containing a fusion protein (human mu opioid receptor, hMOR, and green fluorescent protein, EGFP) under the control of inducible metallothionein promoter. A bioprocess in a bioreactor with ...
Yeh Lee-Chuan C - - 2006
Previous studies from this laboratory showed that the action of Osteogenic Protein-1 (OP-1, BMP-7) on osteoblastic cell differentiation could be enhanced by other protein factors, such as Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF)-I. In the present study, we examined the effects of co-transfection with a combination of the OP-1 and the IGF-I ...
Nakase Minoru - - 2005
The transfection efficiency of cationic liposomes varies according to cell type, but the specific cellular characteristics that affect transfection efficiency have not yet been defined. We investigated whether the transfection efficiency of cationic liposomes correlates with cell proliferation activity or cell membrane potential in oral malignant melanoma (HMG) and oral ...
Malecki Maciej - - 2005
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), binding to an appropriate receptor like FLT, is the main mitogen for endothelial cells and a strong inducer of angiogenesis. A soluble form of VEGF receptor, sFLT-1, specifically binds VEGF and inhibits its activity. The following expression plasmids were used in the experiments: pVEGF plasmid ...
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