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Aoki Shunji - - 2006
Aaptamine, a benzonaphthyridine alkaloid was isolated from a marine sponge on the guidance of a bioassay using the transfected human osteosarcoma MG63 cells (MG63luc(+)). Aaptamine activated p21 promoter stably transfected in MG63 cells dose-dependently at the concentrations of 20-50microM. Expression of p21 and its mRNA in the wild-type MG63 cells ...
Milis Daniel G - - 2006
The influence of sterol carrier protein-2 (SCP-2) on the cellular metabolism of sphingolipids was examined in control mouse L-cells and stably transfected clones expressing the protein SCP-2. Three approaches were used to examine for differences; (1) compositional analysis of endogenous sphingolipid classes, (2) metabolism of NBD-ceramide, and (3) live cell ...
Wu Mingfu - - 2006
Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP/MMP-14) is a key enzyme involved in degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) and various surface-associated proteins that control cell growth, differentiation and survival, plays crucial roles in molecular carcinogenesis, tumor cell growth, invasion, and angiogenesis. We tested the inhibitory effect of antisense MT1-MMP on the ability ...
Stansfield, Scott Hunton
Engineered mammalian (CHO, NS0 and SP2/0) cells are commonly used for large-scale&#13;production of recombinant therapeutic antibodies. Increased antibody production in these&#13;commercial manufacturing systems is often achieved through systematic empirical optimisation&#13;of culture environment and improved expression vectors. To date, our a priori&#13;knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of antibody manufacture in these ...
Gu Cong-Min - - 2006
Survivin is the smallest member of mammalian IAP (inhibitor of apoptosis) family. It is ubiquitous during embryonic development but is not expressed in normal post-natal tissues, except the thymus, colonic epithelial cells and CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells. However, its expression is upregulated during neoplastic transformation in both solid organ and ...
Jacobsen Frank - - 2006
Background. Transfection efficacy after nonviral gene transfer in primary epithelial cells is limited. The aim of this study was to compare transfection efficacy of the recently available method of nucleofection with the established transfection reagent FuGENE6. Methods. Primary human keratinocytes (HKC), primary human fibroblasts (HFB), and a human keratinocyte cell ...
Garg Ritu - - 2006
Microinjection is an excellent technique for studying the acute responses of cells to proteins and can be used to investigate the effects of mutations in proteins on their activity. It has been used widely to study the responses to Rho family guanosine triphosphatases and is particularly useful for cell types ...
Tinsley R B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Neurogenesis occurs in defined areas of the adult mammalian brain, including the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. Rat neural stem/progenitor cells isolated from this region retain their multipotency in vitro and in vivo after grafting into the adult brain. Molecular signalling and lineage selection in these cells may be ...
Tao J - - 2006
The objectives of this study were to observe the effect of overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on the proliferation of the malignant melanoma (MM) cell line A375, and to study the role of nitric oxide (NO) in this process and the mechanism of VEGF induced-A375 cell proliferation. The ...
Duvshani-Eshet M - - 2006
Therapeutic ultrasound (TUS) has the potential of becoming a powerful nonviral method for the delivery of genes into cells and tissues. Understanding the mechanism by which TUS delivers genes, its bioeffects on cells and the kinetic of gene entrances to the nucleus can improve transfection efficiency and allow better control ...
Thiel Corinna - - 2006
Cell types that are important for cardiovascular research, e.g., cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, or adult stem cells, are often hard to isolate, culture, and transfect. Low-transfection efficiencies are a major limitation because, in many cases, results achieved with surrogate model cell lines, if any at all are available for the primary ...
Xiong Huihua - - 2006
In order to investigate the effects of short hairpin RNA (shRNA) on the expression of Survivin, cell cycle and cell proliferation in MCF-7 cells, using a pEGFP vector which contained a U6 promoter shRNA plasmid targeted against survivin was constructed and transfected into MCF-7 cells. The change of the expression ...
Zhou Jie - - 2006
The carboxyl-terminal amino acids 272-299-truncated apoE4 (delta272-299) is the main fragments of apoE4 hydrolysate in neurons. The effects of truncated-ApoE4 (delta272-299) overexpression on tau phosphorylation in cultured N2a cells were investigated. The truncated-apoE4 (delta272-299) cDNA was subcloned into pEGFP-c3 to form recombinant pEGFP-T-apoE4. pEGFP-c3, pEGFP-T-apoE4 and pEGFP-apoE4 were transfected into ...
Zhou Ying - - 2006
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of five alkaloids, namely verticine, verticinone, imperialine, imperialine-3beta-D-glucoside, and puqietinone, purified from Bulbus Fritillariae and used as an antitussive drug in traditional Chinese medicine, on their antimuscarinic M(2) function and the cAMP level of HEK cells transfected with muscarinic M(2) ...
Huang Qi - - 2006
The cell killing effects and bystander effects of double suicide gene on pulmonary carcinoma cells were explored. Lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549) were transfected with different titers of adenovirus vector and followed with different concentrations of 5-FC after a recombinant adenovirus vector carrying CD/UPRT gene (Ad-CD/UPRT) was constructed. The cell viability ...
Yu Guangqing - - 2006
In order to construct recombinant baculovirus carrying Schistosoma japonicum 26 ku glutathione S-transferase gene (Sj26), and observe the expression of Sj26 in mammalian cells, the Sj26 gene was amplified with plasmid pGEX-3X as template by PCR, and then recombined into T vector for sequencing. Sj26 gene was inserted into the ...
Wang Guojun - - 2006
In order to construct a recombinant plasmid containing short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting survivin and to investigate its effect on survivin expression and cell apoptosis of human retinoblastoma cell line Hxo-rb44 in vitro, RNA interference plasmid pSIRENS that can express shRNA of survivin was designed, constructed, and transfected into human ...
Veldhoen Sandra - - 2006
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have evolved as promising new tools to deliver nucleic acids into cells. So far, the majority of these delivery systems require a covalent linkage between carrier and cargo. To exploit the higher flexibility of a non-covalent strategy, we focused on the characterisation of a novel carrier peptide ...
Ogawa Yasuhiro - - 2005
We discovered an epoch-making gene transfer method utilizing discharge plasma. Although an electroporation method is commonly used in present gene transfer experiments, it cannot transfer genes into primary cells sufficiently. The atmospheric pressure discharge plasma employed in this study was originally used for surface treatment of non-biological materials. We hypothesized ...
Singh Moganavelli - - 2006
The synthesis and transfection potential of a novel cationic cholesterol cytofectin with a dimethylamino head group and a long 12 atom, 15A spacer incorporating relatively polar amido and dicarbonyl hydrazine linkages are reported. Thus N,N-dimethylaminopropylamidosuccinylcholesterylformylhydrazide (MS09) in equimolar admixture with dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) forms stable unilamellar liposomes (80-150 nm) which cluster ...
Brillet Karl - - 2006
The paper describes a recombinant Schneider 2 (rS2) cell culture and protein expression in a bioreactor. S2 cells were transfected with a plasmid containing a fusion protein (human mu opioid receptor, hMOR, and green fluorescent protein, EGFP) under the control of inducible metallothionein promoter. A bioprocess in a bioreactor with ...
Yeh Lee-Chuan C - - 2006
Previous studies from this laboratory showed that the action of Osteogenic Protein-1 (OP-1, BMP-7) on osteoblastic cell differentiation could be enhanced by other protein factors, such as Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF)-I. In the present study, we examined the effects of co-transfection with a combination of the OP-1 and the IGF-I ...
Nakase Minoru - - 2005
The transfection efficiency of cationic liposomes varies according to cell type, but the specific cellular characteristics that affect transfection efficiency have not yet been defined. We investigated whether the transfection efficiency of cationic liposomes correlates with cell proliferation activity or cell membrane potential in oral malignant melanoma (HMG) and oral ...
Malecki Maciej - - 2005
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), binding to an appropriate receptor like FLT, is the main mitogen for endothelial cells and a strong inducer of angiogenesis. A soluble form of VEGF receptor, sFLT-1, specifically binds VEGF and inhibits its activity. The following expression plasmids were used in the experiments: pVEGF plasmid ...
Lim Grace E - - 2005
Many bacterial plasmids and chromosomes rely on ParA ATPases for proper positioning within the cell and for efficient segregation to daughter cells. Here we demonstrate that the F-plasmid-partitioning protein SopA polymerizes into filaments in an ATP-dependent manner in vitro, and that the filaments elongate at a rate that is similar ...
Fischer Andy J - - 2006
A new field of gene transfer is emerging as a simple, effective means to drive the expression foreign genes in cells: ultrasound-mediated gene transfer or sonoporation. We report here that sonoporation is an effective means of gene transfer for cultured neurons, a cell type that has been difficult to transfect. ...
Kim Yeon Kyu - - 2005
Schneider 2 (S2) cells from Drosophila melanogaster have been used as a plasmid-based, non-lytic expression system for foreign proteins. Here, a plasmid encoding the human erythropoietin (hEPO) gene fused with a hexahistidine (His(6)) tag under the control of the Drosophila metallothionein (MT) promoter was stably transfected into Drosophila S2 cells. ...
Reinisalo Mika - - 2006
WERI-Rb1 retinoblastoma (Rb) cell line, a human photoreceptor model, is notoriously difficult to transfect. Culturing of the WERI-Rb1 cells as a monolayer is complicated and cells are easily detached during transfection. Furthermore, transfection efficiencies in monolayer and in suspension are moderate at best which has limited the analysis of photoreceptor-specific ...
Studzinski Diane M - - 2005
To examine effects of expression of the PNS myelin P0 glycoprotein in glial cells of CNS lineage, we transfected murine N20.1 glial cells with a rat P0 cDNA. A stably transfected cell line expressing high levels of P0 message showed P0 immunostaining, along with changes in morphology. Polymerase chain reaction ...
Drake Timothy J - - 2005
Visual and quantitative monitoring of cell-to-cell variation in the expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) mRNA by using novel ratiometric imaging with molecular beacons (MB) reveals a distinct change in patterns following induction of human breast-carcinoma cells with lipopolysaccharide. Interestingly, the pattern of cell-to-cell variation in a cell line stably ...
Neumann Jennifer L - - 2006
Relaxin is a peptide hormone produced by a wide variety of mammals. In the horse, the placenta is the major source of relaxin. Since pure equine relaxin is difficult to obtain to study its role in the pregnant mare, the objectives of this study were to produce recombinant equine prorelaxin ...
Wang Xiao-Hu - - 2005
AIM: To investigate the relation between the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and liver cancer, to construct the recombinant adenovirus encoding human COX-2 antisense RNA, and to explore its effects on liver cancer cell proliferation. METHODS: We studied the expression of COX-2 in 34 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and SMMC7402 ...
Sun Wei-bin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), which belong to the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, are powerful regulators of cartilage and bone formation. This study investigated the biological changes of NIH3T3 cells incubated with secretive BMP2 that was induced by gene transfection through transwell. METHODS: Eukaryonic expression vector (pcDNA3.1-B2) was transfered ...
Bonefeld-Jorgensen Eva C - - 2005
The estrogenic potential of four pesticides (endosulfan, prochloraz, tolchlofos-methyl and propamocarb) was compared in parallel with 17beta-estradiol (E2) by reporter constructs in transient transfected MCF-7BUS and in stable transfected MVLN cells. Similar detection limit and half maximum effect concentration was determined for E2, whereas the maximum effect concentration of E2 ...
Sakai Yasunari - - 2006
Introduction of foreign genes into target cells is a crucial step for achievement of gene therapy. We have recently developed a novel transfection system for eukaryotic cells, namely the electric pulse-activated gas plasma generator. To measure the transfection efficiency and mortality by flow-cytometry, we employed enhanced green fluorescent protein and ...
Hong Yeongjin - - 2005
Aerolysin, a secreted bacterial toxin from Aeromonas hydrophila, binds to glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored protein and kills the cells by forming pores. Both GPI and N-glycan moieties of GPI-anchored proteins are involved in efficient binding of aerolysin. We isolated various Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) mutant cells resistant to aerolysin. Among them, CHOPA41.3 ...
Nakagawa Taeko - - 2005
The role of regucalcin, which is a regulatory protein in intracellular signaling pathway, in the regulation of cell proliferation was investigated by using the cloned normal rat kidney proximal tubular epithelial NRK52E cells over-expressing regucalcin. NRK52E cells were transfected with regucalcin (RC) pCXN2 vector and the multiple neomycin-resistant clones that ...
Lee Sung-Lim - - 2005
The production of transgenic (TG) animals by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has proven to be a more efficient method than other methods, such as gene injection or sperm mediation. The present study was intended to evaluate the efficiency of gene transfection by Effectene (Qiagen, Inc.), a lipid-based reagent compared ...
Zamora-Leon S Pilar - - 2005
We investigated the interaction of MAP-2c and Fyn in the initiation of process outgrowth in COS7 cells. Single transfections of Fyn and MAP-2c resulted in a dramatic decrease in flat, rounded COS7 cells, and a significant increase in both the number of cells with multiple short, spike-like processes, and cells ...
Zhang Ling - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To develop an efficient non-viral gene delivery system in order to transfer CDKN1B gene efficiently into lung and liver carcinoma cells. METHODS: A recombinant plasmid composed of CDKN1B sequence and EYFP as reporter gene was constructed and identified. The recombinant DNA was then formulated the lipids-polycation-DNA complexes(LPDs) with protamine ...
Wang Guqi - - 2005
Liver fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) contains amino acids that are known to possess antioxidant function. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that L-FABP may serve as an effective endogenous cytoprotectant against oxidative stress. Chang liver cells were selected as the experimental model because of their undetectable L-FABP mRNA ...
Rached Mohamed - - 2005
The human melanocortin-2 receptor (hMC2R) is mainly present in the adrenal cortex and has been difficult to express in heterologous cells. The hMC2R fused to the EGFP at its C-terminus has been stably transfected in the murine M3 melanoma and HEK293 cells. In the M3 cells, the hMC2R-EGFP was well-addressed ...
Grassi G - - 2006
The development of effective gene-therapeutic applications for cardiovascular disorders is in part limited by the lack of appropriate delivery systems. In an attempt to overcome this deficiency, we investigated the ability of baculoviral vectors to transduce human cardiovascular cells, for which data are missing in literature. Additionally, baculovirus ability to ...
Ding Ke-Feng - - 2005
AIM: To study the effect of SNC19/ST14 gene overexpression on invasion in vitro of colorectal cancer cells. METHODS: The adhesion of SNC19/ST14 gene-transfected cells to ECM was measured by MTT assay. The cell movement was evaluated by wound healing assay. Cell invasion and migration were determined by invasion assay in ...
Romøren Kristine - - 2005
Immunisation of fish by immersion has been applied for inactivated, whole cell bacterins, where the gill epithelial cells are considered as one of the prime uptake sites. Antigen entry is a critical factor for delivery of vaccine antigens through the immersion route, also for DNA vaccines, and delivery systems like ...
Kang Chun-Sheng - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study the inhibitory effects of plasmid-based siRNA targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) on tumor proliferation and invasion of TJ905 glioblastoma cells. METHODS: Two siRNA expression constructs targeting human EGFR extracellular domain (516-536) and catalytic domain (2400-2420) were transfected into TJ905 cell as mediated by Lipofectamine. Immunofluorescence ...
Kim Tae-Il - - 2005
Biodegradable cross-linked poly(beta-amino ester) (CLPAE) was synthesized by Michael addition of pentaerythritol triacrylate and N,N-dimethylethylenediamine and modified with aminohexanoic acid and lysine to CLPAE-Ahx and CLPAE-Lys, respectively, for a gene delivery system. They could self-assemble with plasmid DNA, forming nanosized polyplexes, and CLPAE-Ahx polyplex released plasmid DNA slowly during a ...
JabloĊ„ski Jakub - - 2005
The influence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitor--N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME)--on the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) by HepG2 cells, engineered to overexpress CYP2E1, was assessed and compared with data from empty vector-transfected cells. HepG2 cells produced significant amounts of NDMA but its levels in the culture ...
Gasiorowski Joshua Z - - 2005
One often overlooked aspect of nonviral gene therapy is the maintenance and localization of plasmids within a transfected cell. In this study we have quantified the nuclear retention of plasmids within microinjected cells after a single round of cell division. We employed several commercially available reagents to label plasmids with ...
Lakshman Raj - - 2005
This article represents the proceedings of a symposium at the 2004 RSA Meeting held in Vancouver, Canada. The chairs were Arthur I. Cederbaum and Raj Lakshman. The presentations were (1) ethanol regulates 2,6-sialyltransferase (2,6-ST) gene expression posttranscriptionally by the interaction of a cytosolic binding protein with 2,6-ST mRNA in CYP2E1- ...
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