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Results 501 - 550 of 1901
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Hildinger Markus - - 2007
Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-based vectors belong to the most promising gene transfer vectors in clinical studies. To provide vector for late-stage clinical trials as well as for a potential commercial phase, a scalable, cGMP-compliant process is required. Nearly all vector production protocols currently approved in Phase I clinical trials rely on ...
Chomarat Pascale - - 2007
NRH:quinone oxidoreductase 2 (QR2) is a long forgotten oxidoreductive enzyme that metabolizes quinones and binds melatonin. We used the potency of the RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated gene silencing to build a cellular model in which the role of QR2 could be studied. Because standard approaches were poorly successful, we successively used: ...
Cui Min - - 2008
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Growth and differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5)-deficient mice showed abnormalities in intervertebral disc (IVD) structure and extracellular matrix. Adenovirus-mediated GDF-5 delivery can promote the growth of rabbit disc cells. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of recombinant GDF-5 protein and GDF-5 complementary DNA (cDNA) ...
Sipo I - - 2007
Recently it was shown that several new pseudotyped adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors support cardioselective expression of transgenes. The molecular mechanisms underlying this propensity for cardiac cell transduction are not well understood. We comparatively analyzed AAV vector attachment, internalization, intracellular trafficking, and nuclear uncoating of recombinant self-complementary (sc) AAV2.2 versus pseudotyped ...
Tomono Susumu - - 2007
A novel protein RGPR-p117 was discovered as a regucalcin gene promoter region-related protein that binds to the TTGGC motif. Regucalcin is known to regulate the intracellular signaling system in many cell types. RGPR-p117 has been shown to enhance the promoter activity of the regucalcin gene in cloned normal rat kidney ...
Reisinger Hannes - - 2007
At present, a number of transfection techniques are available to introduce foreign DNA into cells, but still minimal intrusion or interference with normal cell physiology, low toxicity, reproducibility, cost efficiency and successful creation of stable transfectants are highly desirable properties for improved transfection techniques.For all previous transfection experiments done in ...
Wang Po-Hui - - 2007
The authors investigate the effects of human nonmetastatic clone 23 type 1 (nm23-H1 ) gene and fungal immunomodulatory protein-Ganoderma tsugae (FIP-gts) on the metastatic potential of cervical cancer cells and assess whether nm23-H1 can influence the action of FIP-gts using cell migration and invasion assays and gelatin zymography. The nm23-H1 ...
Matsumura Mikiko - - 2007
IL-13 receptor alpha2 (IL-13Ralpha2) has been postulated to be a decoy receptor. The precise mechanisms for the generation of soluble IL-13Ralpha2 and the biological activity of the endogenous soluble form have not been reported. Hypothesizing that the soluble form of IL-13Ralpha2 is generated by proteolytic cleavage of membrane-bound receptors, we ...
Hatano Toshiyuki - - 2007
The F plasmid is actively partitioned to daughter cells by the sopABC gene. To elucidate the partitioning mechanisms, we simultaneously analysed movements of the plasmid and the SopA ATPase in single living cells. SopA, which is a putative motor protein assembled densely near nucleoid borders and formed a single discrete ...
Iwaki, Toru
The phenotypic effects of selectively altering the levels of alpha B- crystallin in cultured glial cells were analyzed using sense and antisense approaches. Rat C6 glioma cells and human U-373MG glioma cells were transfected with a rat alpha B-crystallin sense cDNA or an antisense cDNA regulated by a Rous sarcoma ...
Koneri Kenji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Beclin 1 gene binds to the apoptosis-inhibiting protein Bcl-2. The expression and function of the Beclin 1 gene in four colorectal cancer cell lines (HT29, DLD-1, SW480, SW620) was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of Beclin 1 mRNA was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), the ...
Narz Frank - - 2007
Gene silencing experiments in difficult-to-transfect cells are often hampered by the presence of a background of untransfected cells. We present proof-of-concept data from two different strategies for enrichment of siRNA-transfected cells. In the first approach, a heterologous surface antigen is expressed from a plasmid that is co-transfected with an siRNA ...
Mejías-Luque Raquel - - 2007
Lewis antigens are terminal fucosylated oligosaccharides synthesized by the sequential action of several glycosyltransferases. The fucosyltransferases are the enzymes responsible for the addition of terminal fucose to precursor oligosaccharides attached to proteins or lipids. These oligosaccharides, defined as cell surface markers, have been implicated in different types of intercellular interactions ...
Xu Wen-Hua - - 2007
AIM: To examine the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted small interfering RNA (siRNA) on proliferation of gastric cancer cells in vitro. METHODS: Several siRNAs were transfected into human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 with Lipofectamine 2000. Cells not transfected with Lipofectamine 2000 or scrambled (SCR) siRNA served as ...
Borawski Jason - - 2007
High-throughput screening of RNAi libraries has become an essential part of functional analysis in academic and industrial settings. The transition of a cell-based RNAi assay into a 384-well format requires several optimization steps to ensure the phenotype being screened is appropriately measured and that the signal-to-background ratio is above a ...
Elfinger Markus - - 2007
In this study lactoferrin (Lf) was investigated as a targeting ligand for receptor-mediated gene delivery to human bronchial epithelial cells. A high number of lactoferrin receptors (LfRs) were detected on bronchial epithelial (BEAS-2B), but not on alveolar epithelial (A549) cells by fluorescence microscopy and FACS measurements, suggesting potential targeting selectivity ...
Chevalier Sébastien Alain - - 2007
Together with their simian T-cell lymphotropic virus (STLV) equivalent, human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), HTLV-2, and HTLV-3 form the primate T-cell lymphotropic virus (PTLV) group. Over the years, understanding the biology and pathogenesis of HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 has been widely improved by the creation of molecular clones. In ...
Wu Yuan - - 2007
Hepatic stimulator substance (HSS) protects liver cells from various toxins. However, the mechanism by which HSS protects hepatocytes remains unclear. In this study, we report that the HSS gene, after transfection into BEL-7402 hepatocma cells, is stably expressed in the mitochondria. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced cell apoptosis in the HSS-transfected cells ...
Singh Balraj - - 2007
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is induced in many breast cancers and COX-2 expression correlates with a worse outcome in the clinic. We hypothesized that the induction of genomic instability is a major mechanism through which COX-2 contributes to breast cancer progression. We transfected a normal immortalized breast epithelial cell line of Basal ...
Si Jin - - 2007
We have shown that the NADPH oxidase NOX5-S may play an important role in the progression from Barrett's esophagus to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) by increasing cell proliferation and decreasing apoptosis. However, the mechanism of the acid-induced NOX5-S-mediated increase in cell proliferation is not known. We found that, in SEG1 EA ...
Collins Elizabeth - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Non-viral gene delivery vectors are multi-component systems reflecting various functionalities required for effective cell transfection, including DNA condensation, promotion of cell membrane interactions and provision for subcellular targeting through endosomal escape and/or nuclear delivery. Elements mediating these functions will clearly display inter-dependency. In this study we sought to explore ...
González A - - 2007
A major mechanism through which melatonin reduces the development of breast cancer is based on its anti-estrogenic actions by interfering at different levels with the estrogen-signalling pathways. Melatonin inhibits both aromatase activity and expression in vitro (MCF-7 cells) as well as in vivo, thus behaving as a selective estrogen enzyme ...
Chan Enoch - - 2007
In search of new oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) delivery agents, we evaluated novel peptides derived from core peptide H-GLRILLLKV-OH (CP). CP is a fragment designed from the T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) alpha-chain transmembrane sequence. CP was able to enter cells including T-cells and inhibited interleukin-2 (IL-2) production. To examine the effect of ...
Lee Yu-Hsiang YH Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2007
Ultrasound-induced cavitation has been widely used for delivering DNA vectors into cells. However, this approach may seriously disrupt cell membranes and cause lethal damage when cells are exposed to the inertial cavitation field. In this study, instead of using sonoporation, ultrasound standing wave fields (USWF) were explored for nonviral transfection ...
Kanno Sanae - - 2007
Recent toxicological studies indicate that nanoparticles or ultrafine particles (< 100 nm) are more toxic than fine particles (< 2 microm) because of their greater surface area. It is well known that alveolar macrophages play an important role in the first defense against various environmental particles and microorganisms. This is ...
Zhang M - - 2007
We report a method that allows for a 2-9-fold increase in transfection efficiency compared to the standard cationic lipid-based protocol. The method involves a brief incubation of freshly trypsinized cells with transfection complexes, followed by incubation in cell growth medium containing serum and antibiotics. The method is simple, cost-effective, and ...
Kang Sung-Koo - - 2007
The function of gangliosides, sialic acid-containing glycolipids, on the secretion and assembly of apoB-containing lipoproteins is poorly understood. Here, we report that the GD3 synthase is involved in apoB secretion in retinoic acid (RA)-treated Chang liver cells via transcriptional induction of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP). The overexpression of GD3 ...
Reimer Janka - - 2007
High-dose busulfan is an important component in many conditioning protocols for hematopoietic stem cell or bone marrow transplantation. Treatment with busulfan results in the inhibition of cell cycle progression and apoptosis of tumor cells. As Rho GTPases are involved in cell cycle regulation, we investigated the influence of modified Rho ...
He Y - - 2007
It is known that the hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of HCC, but the exact functions and molecular mechanisms of HBx in HCC are not well understood. In the present study, HepG2 cell lines were cultured and transfected with pEGFP-N1 and pEGFP-N1-X. ...
Miao Guo-Ying GY Department of Digestion, The People's Hospital of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu Province, China. - - 2007
To investigate the inhibitory effect of a specific small survivin interfering RNA (siRNA) on cell proliferation and the expression of survivin in human gastric carcinoma cell line SGC-7901. To knockdown survivin expression, a small interfering RNA targeting against survivin was synthesized and transfected into SGC-7901 cells with lipofectamine 2000. The ...
Prentice Holly L - - 2007
The amount of recombinant product obtained from mammalian cells grown in a bioreactor is in part limited by achievable cell densities and the ability of cells to remain viable over extended periods of time. In an attempt to generate cell lines capable of better bioreactor performance, we subjected the DG44 ...
Li Hong H Inpatient Department of Medical Health Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, - - 2007
To observe the growth inhibitory effect of wild-type Kras2 gene on a colonic adenocarcinoma cell line Caco-2. Recombinant plasmid pCI-neo-Kras2 with wild type Kras2 open reading frame was constructed. The Caco-2 cells were transfected with either pCI-neo or pCI-neo-Kras2 using Lipofectamine 2000. The expression of wild type Kras2 was examined ...
Wang Yunling - - 2007
Rat recombinant purple acid phosphatase (PAP) stably expressed in fibroblast-like CHO-K1 cells was purified and characterized with respect to post-translational modifications such as N-glycosylation and proteolytic processing in order to elucidate subcellular and molecular pathways for proteolytic activation. In these cells, proteolytically processed PAP was more abundant than the monomeric ...
Cuerrier Charles M - - 2007
Eukaryotic cells were individually transfected using commercially available atomic force microscope tips decorated with plasmidic DNA encoding for the fluorescent protein EGFP. In a typical transfection attempt, the tip is forcibly incorporated into the cell thus allowing for the transfer of the genetic material through the cell membrane. A sharp ...
Barnes Louise M - - 2007
The production of recombinant proteins from mammalian cells is now an essential part of biotechnology. However, despite this importance, the detailed characteristics of good producing cell lines remain largely unknown. The industrially important GS-NS0 mammalian expression system is able to produce large amounts of protein from relatively few copies of ...
Riddle Kathryn W - - 2007
Although the majority of current gene transfer techniques have focused on increasing the ability of the DNA to enter the cell, it is possible that changing the proliferative and migratory state of cells will influence the cells ability to take up and express plasmid DNA. This study was designed to ...
Wanandy, Nico Stanislaus
In the biopharmaceutical industry, essentially, there are three components that play the main role in producing biopharmaceutical products, the host cell, the expression vector and the bioreactor and/or production environment. To produce the highly valued and desired products, the choice of a suitable host is one of the most important ...
Solé M - - 2007
A smooth muscle cell line (A7r5) was stably transfected with the human SSAO/VAP-1 (hSSAO/VAP-1) gene. The expressed protein was located solely in the membrane fraction of the cell. However it was also shown to be released into the cell-culture medium. Both the membrane-bound and released, soluble, forms had SSAO enzyme ...
Tsujikawa Kozo - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Attachment of newly formed crystals to renal epithelial cells is considered to be a critical step in stone formation. Previously, we reported that exogenous fibronectin (FN; 220-240 kDa) had an inhibitory effect against renal tubular cell injury in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. However, the exact mechanism of FN ...
Lo Hsin-Lung - - 2007
Retrovirus pseudotype is defined as the genome of one retrovirus encapsidated by the envelope protein of a second virus. The host range of the pseudotype is that of the virus donating the envelope protein. Two procedures that use 293GP cells, which are derived from human kidney 293 cells, are described ...
Gavrilescu L Cristina - - 2007
Our lab studies human myeloproliferative diseases induced by such oncogenes as Bcr-Abl or growth factor receptor-derived oncogenes (ZNF198-FGFR1, Bcr-PDGFRalpha, etc.). We are able to model and study a human-like disease in our mouse model, by transplanting bone marrow cells previously infected with a retrovirus expressing the oncogene of interest. Replication-defective ...
Erfle Holger - - 2007
Here, we describe a robust protocol for the reverse transfection of cells on small interfering (siRNA) arrays, which, in combination with multi-channel immunofluorescence or time-lapse microscopy, is suitable for genome-wide RNA interference (RNAi) screens in intact human cells. The automatic production of 48 'transfection ready' siRNA arrays, each containing 384 ...
Mykhaylyk Olga - - 2007
This protocol details how to design and conduct experiments to deliver nucleic acids to adherent and suspension cell cultures in vitro by magnetic force-assisted transfection using self-assembled complexes of nucleic acids and cationic lipids or polymers (nonviral gene vectors), which are associated with magnetic (nano) particles. These magnetic complexes are ...
Yang Xuesong - - 2007
Fucosyltransferase IV is an essential enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of fucosylated oligosaccharides by transferring GDP-fucose to the terminal N-acetylglucosamine with the alpha1,3-linkage. Lewis Y oligosaccharide has a terminal alpha1,3-linked fucose residue and elevation of Lewis Y level is seen in many epithelial cancers. The mechanism of Lewis Y elevation ...
Marchenko Steven - - 2007
Transfection of primary mammalian neural cells, such as human neural stem/precursor cells (hNSPCs), with commonly used cationic lipid transfection reagents has often resulted in poor cell viability and low transfection efficiency. Other mechanical methods of introducing a gene of interest, such as a "gene gun" or microinjection, are also limited ...
Nakayama Asuka - - 2007
Porcine embryonic fibroblasts (PEF) are important as donor cells for nuclear transfer for generation of genetically modified pigs. In this study, we determined an optimal protocol for transfection of PEF with the Amaxa Nucleofection system, which directly transfers DNA into the nucleus of cells, and compared its efficiency with conventional ...
Yao Shiyin - - 2007
The naturally occurring plasmid ColE1 was found to localize as a cluster in one or both of the cell poles of Escherichia coli. In addition to the polar localization of ColE1 in most cells, movement of the plasmid to the midcell position was observed in time-lapse studies. ColE1 could be ...
Venezia Valentina - - 2006
The amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a transmembrane protein with a short cytoplasmic tail whose physiological function is unclear, although it is well documented that the proteolytic processing of APP could influence the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) through the formation of membrane-bound C-terminal fragments (CTFs) and of beta-amyloid peptides ...
Min Gyesik - - 2006
Previous studies reported that constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) does not transactivate phenobarbital responsive unit (PBRU)2C1luciferase reporter gene in COS cells in which endogenous CYP2B1 gene is not induced with PB. In order to understand molecular mechanism(s) whereby PBRU is transactivated, this article determined if the use of strong thymidine kinase ...
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