Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1886
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Liang Xiao Hui - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms in the IL-18 promoter region (-137, +113, and +127), with perfect linkage disequilibria (Delta=1, p<0.001) among them, were observed in Singaporean Chinese, Malays, and Indians. These polymorphisms appear to have no association with atopic phenotypes. However, functional studies indicate that IL-18 gene polymorphisms strongly affect its activity in ...
Zhonghong Liu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective was to understand the influence of Survivin plasmid with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) on the cell cycle, invasion, and the silencing effect of Survivin gene in the SW480 cell of colorectal carcinoma. METHODS: A eukaryotic expression vector, PGCH1/Survivin shRNA, a segment sequence of Survivin as target, was ...
Detzer A - - 2008
The phosphorothioate(PS)-stimulated cellular uptake of naked short interfering RNA (siRNA) into mammalian cells indicates a promising new mechanistic strategy because it makes use of a caveosomal, rather than an endosomal pathway, which is used by the majority of known delivery systems. This PS-stimulated mode delivers large amounts of siRNA primarily ...
González-González Emilio - - 2008
RNA interference (RNAi) is a valuable tool in the investigation of gene function. The purpose of this study was to examine the availability, target cell types and efficiency of RNAi in the mouse seminiferous epithelium. The experimental model was based on transgenic mice expressing EGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein). RNAi ...
Ivanova Gabriela D GD Medical Research Council, Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QH, - - 2008
Serum-stabilized PNA-internalization peptides (Pip) conjugated to PNA complementary to the 705 aberrant beta-globin splice site are able to correct splicing and increase luciferase production in Hela pLuc705 cells with sub microM EC(50) in the absence of a transfection agent. Inhibition of microRNA-122 in liver cells is achieved by treatment with ...
Kudela Pavol - - 2008
Bacterial ghosts (BG) are cell envelopes preparations of Gram-negative bacteria devoid of cytoplasmic content produced by controlled expression of PhiX174 plasmid-encoded lysis gene E. Eight melanoma cell lines were investigated for their capacity to bind and phagocyte BG derived from Escherichia coli NM522 and Mannheimia haemolytica A23. High capability to ...
Kearns Molinda D - - 2008
Inclusion of DOPE in lipoplex formulations has hampered the establishment of a correlation between cationic lipid structure, biological specificity, and transfection activity, simply because the presence of a helper lipid not only alters the physicochemical properties of the lipoplex but also modifies cell surface specific interactions during the process of ...
Kim Jeong Ah - - 2008
Electroporation is widely used to achieve gene transfection. A common problem in electroporation is that it has a lower viability than any other transfection method. In this study, we developed a novel electroporation device using a capillary tip and a pipette that was effective on a wide range of mammalian ...
Bawa-Khalfe, Tasneem
Abstract Background In addition to the regulation of blood pressure, α 2 - and β-adrenoceptor (AR) subtypes play an important role in the modulation of noradrenergic neurotransmission in the human CNS and PNS. Several studies suggest that the α 2 -AR responsiveness in cells and tissues after chronic epinephrine (EPI) ...
Pinto de Carvalho Leonardo - - 2007
A novel, efficient transfection method, based on ultrasound and hydrodynamics, has been developed to transfect heart tissue with plasmid DNA. An ultrasound probe was aimed at the heart of anesthetized rats for 30 sec, at an intensity of 1 MHz and 2 W/cm2. The aorta was clamped and a phosphate-buffered ...
Ye Lei - - 2007
Low-level transgene efficiency is one of the main obstacles in ex vivo nonviral vector-mediated gene transfer into primary human skeletal myoblasts (hSkMs). We optimized the cholesterol:N-[1-(2, 3-dioleoyloxy)propyl]-N, N, N-trimethylammonium methylsulfate liposome (CD liposome) and 22-kDa polyethylenimine (PEI22)- and 25-kDa polyethylenimine (PEI25)-mediated transfection of primary hSkMs for angiogenic gene delivery. We ...
Choi Min-Koo - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to prepare and characterize poly (ester amine) (PEA)/pGL3 complexes and investigate their transfection efficiency in human nasal epithelial (HNE) cells. Particle size, zeta potential, and gel retardation characteristics of PEA /pGL3 complexes were also measured. After treatment of DNase-I, protection and release assay of ...
Meyer Florent - - 2008
In an effort to develop new biomaterial coatings, it was shown that polyelectrolyte multilayers constitute a very powerful tool to render surfaces biologically active. The challenge is to multi-functionalize surfaces in a controlled way. We show here, for the first time, that it is possible to functionalize multilayer films simultaneously ...
Orth Patrick - - 2008
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of novel nonviral gene delivery systems in cells of musculoskeletal origin. Primary cultures of lapine skeletal muscle cells, lapine articular chondrocytes, human cells from fibrous dysplasia and cell lines established from human osteosarcoma (SAOS-2), chondrosarcoma (CS-1), murine skeletal myoblasts ...
Rojas Guillermo - - 2008
Murine trisomy 16 (Ts16) is a useful model to study the deleterious effect of aneuploidy in neural pathophysiology. The CTb cell line derived from the cerebral cortex of a Ts16 mouse overexpresses the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and exhibits altered intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis. In the present work, we induced knockdown ...
Aluigi M G - - 2007
The teratocarcinoma cell line NTERA2 is recently used in a wide range of researches (from developmental biology to toxicology, for their ability to be induced to neural differentiation. In order to study the genetic potential of these cells, it is needed to use methods for gene silencing and/or mRNA interference, ...
Li Xiaoqing - - 2007
In order to investigate the pathogenesis of Alzheimer disease (AD) and study the enzymatic progress of amyloid precursor protein (APP), the fluorescent eukaryotic expression plasmid of C99 was constructed containing APP717 mutation. The fragment encoding the last 99-aa of APP (which was named C99 containing APP717 mutation), together with the ...
Yamaguchi Masayoshi - - 2007
The novel protein RGPR-p117 was discovered as a regucalcin gene promoter region-related protein that binds to the TTGGC motif using a yeast one-hybrid system. The role of RGPR-p117 in cell function has not been fully clarified. This study was undertaken to determine whether overexpression of RGPR-p117 regulates various types of ...
Li Xiangyong - - 2007
Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a tumor suppressor gene located at human chromosome 10q23, might play an important role in cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of cancer cells. In this study, the eukaryotic expression vectors pBP-wt-PTEN (containing a wild-type PTEN gene) and pBP-G129R-PTEN (containing a mutant PTEN gene) ...
Carapuça Elisabete - - 2007
A Real-Time PCR method was developed to monitor the plasmid copy number (PCN) in Escherichia coli and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. E. coli was transformed with plasmids containing a ColE1 or p15A origin of replication and CHO cells were transfected with a ColE1 derived plasmid used in DNA vaccination ...
Shi Zheng - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma is a highly aggressive, fatal malignancy, which is resistant to all current therapeutic approaches. The recent elevation in the incidence of cholangiocarcinoma has highlighted the need for novel approaches targeting the molecular basis of its invasiveness. Previously we reconstructed a RhoC antisense eukaryotic expression vector and transfected it ...
Yoshimura Kotaro - - 2007
A malfunction in retinoid X receptor (RXR) alpha due to phosphorylation is associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the precise mechanisms by which phosphorylated RXRalpha loses its physiological function remain unclear. In the present study we examined whether phosphorylation of RXRalpha affects its dimeric activity. Fluorescence resonance energy ...
Parthymou Anastasia - - 2008
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) or pleiotrophin seems to be involved in the progression of several tumors of diverse origin. In this study, we tried to determine the role of HARP in rat C6 glioma cells by using an antisense strategy for inhibition of HARP expression. Decrease of the expression ...
Douglas Kimberly L - - 2008
It has been suggested that cell physiology may affect the internalization pathways of non-viral vectors, leading to cell line-dependent transfection efficiency. To verify this hypothesis, fluorescently labeled alginate-chitosan nanoparticle complexes were used as non-viral vectors to transfect 293T, COS7, and CHO cells and to observe the cellular interactions and internalization ...
Nanbo Asuka - - 2007
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is an exceptionally successful human viral pathogen maintained as a licensed, plasmid replicon in proliferating cells. We have measured the distributions of EBV-derived plasmids in single live cells throughout the cell cycle in the absence of selection and confirmed the measured rates of duplication and partitioning computationally ...
Subramaniam Venkateswaran - - 2007
CD44, a widely distributed cell surface glycoprotein and a receptor for hyaluronan (HA), has been implicated in facilitating tumor growth and metastasis, antiapoptosis and directional motility of cancer cells. In order to investigate the role of soluble CD44 (CD44(sol)) in colon cancer cell growth, SW620, a human colon cancer cell ...
Li Xiao-Qing - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proteolytic mechanism of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and to explore amyloid-beta (A beta) generation in living neurons. METHODS: DNA fragments were amplified by PCR or synthesized. The four fragments, CFP, 54bp, YFP and C99 were ligated into pcDNA3.0 vector to construct the recombinant plasmids pcDNA3.0-CFP-54bp-YFP and ...
Breunig Miriam - - 2007
Nonviral nucleic acid delivery to cells and tissues is considered a standard tool in life science research. However, although an ideal delivery system should have high efficacy and minimal toxicity, existing materials fall short, most of them being either too toxic or little effective. We hypothesized that disulfide cross-linked low-molecular-weight ...
Hu Yali - - 2007
MAGI-2, a multidomain scaffolding protein, contains nine potential protein-protein interaction modules, including a GuK domain, two WW domains and six PDZ domains. In this study, we examined eight human hepatocarcinoma cell lines (HHCCs) and found that MAGI-2 was expressed only in 7721 cells. After 7721, 7404 and 97H cells were ...
Byun Yu Jeong - - 2007
We have isolated a gene, the c subunit (ATP6L) of vacuolar H(+)-ATPase, involved in oxidative stress response. In this study, we examined the role of ATP6L and its molecular mechanisms in glial cell death induced by H(2)O(2). Expression of the ATP6L gene was increased by H(2)O(2) treatment in C6 glial ...
Uchimura Eiichiro - - 2007
Reverse transfection from a solid surface has the potential to deliver genes to various cells more efficiently than conventional methods. However, the effective gene delivery from a solid surface requires an optimized extracellular matrix (ECM) for the coating of glass slides, dependent on the nature of the cells. In a ...
Cahill Anne L - - 2007
RNA interference (RNAi) has quickly become a very powerful technique for specifically suppressing or knocking down the expression of any desired gene. Many fields of research, including neuroscience, have benefitted from RNAi methods. It has been well documented that different small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) vary ...
Sahlberg Anna S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cause of the enhanced intracellular replication of Salmonella enteritidis in HLA-B27-transfected U937 human monocytic cells and the contribution of HLA-B27 heavy chain (HC) misfolding. METHODS: U937 monocytic cell transfectants stably expressing pSV2neo resistant vector (mock), wild-type HLA-B27, or mutated HLA-B27 HCs with amino acid substitutions in ...
Mo Yongkai - - 2007
Mycobacteria target and persist within phagocytic monocytes and are strong adjuvants, making them attractive candidate vectors for DNA vaccines. We characterized the ability of mycobacteria to deliver transgenes to mammalian cells and the effects of various bacterial chromosomal mutations on the efficiency of transfer in vivo and in vitro. First, ...
Dunny Gary M - - 2007
Expression of a large set of gene products required for conjugative transfer of the antibiotic resistance plasmid pCF10 is controlled by cell-cell communication between plasmid-free recipient cells and plasmid-carrying donor cells using a peptide mating pheromone cCF10. Most of the recent experimental analysis of this system has focused on the ...
Hildinger Markus - - 2007
Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-based vectors belong to the most promising gene transfer vectors in clinical studies. To provide vector for late-stage clinical trials as well as for a potential commercial phase, a scalable, cGMP-compliant process is required. Nearly all vector production protocols currently approved in Phase I clinical trials rely on ...
Chomarat Pascale - - 2007
NRH:quinone oxidoreductase 2 (QR2) is a long forgotten oxidoreductive enzyme that metabolizes quinones and binds melatonin. We used the potency of the RNA interference (RNAi)-mediated gene silencing to build a cellular model in which the role of QR2 could be studied. Because standard approaches were poorly successful, we successively used: ...
Cui Min - - 2008
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Growth and differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5)-deficient mice showed abnormalities in intervertebral disc (IVD) structure and extracellular matrix. Adenovirus-mediated GDF-5 delivery can promote the growth of rabbit disc cells. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of recombinant GDF-5 protein and GDF-5 complementary DNA (cDNA) ...
Sipo I - - 2007
Recently it was shown that several new pseudotyped adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors support cardioselective expression of transgenes. The molecular mechanisms underlying this propensity for cardiac cell transduction are not well understood. We comparatively analyzed AAV vector attachment, internalization, intracellular trafficking, and nuclear uncoating of recombinant self-complementary (sc) AAV2.2 versus pseudotyped ...
Tomono Susumu - - 2007
A novel protein RGPR-p117 was discovered as a regucalcin gene promoter region-related protein that binds to the TTGGC motif. Regucalcin is known to regulate the intracellular signaling system in many cell types. RGPR-p117 has been shown to enhance the promoter activity of the regucalcin gene in cloned normal rat kidney ...
Reisinger Hannes - - 2007
At present, a number of transfection techniques are available to introduce foreign DNA into cells, but still minimal intrusion or interference with normal cell physiology, low toxicity, reproducibility, cost efficiency and successful creation of stable transfectants are highly desirable properties for improved transfection techniques.For all previous transfection experiments done in ...
Wang Po-Hui - - 2007
The authors investigate the effects of human nonmetastatic clone 23 type 1 (nm23-H1 ) gene and fungal immunomodulatory protein-Ganoderma tsugae (FIP-gts) on the metastatic potential of cervical cancer cells and assess whether nm23-H1 can influence the action of FIP-gts using cell migration and invasion assays and gelatin zymography. The nm23-H1 ...
Matsumura Mikiko - - 2007
IL-13 receptor alpha2 (IL-13Ralpha2) has been postulated to be a decoy receptor. The precise mechanisms for the generation of soluble IL-13Ralpha2 and the biological activity of the endogenous soluble form have not been reported. Hypothesizing that the soluble form of IL-13Ralpha2 is generated by proteolytic cleavage of membrane-bound receptors, we ...
Hatano Toshiyuki - - 2007
The F plasmid is actively partitioned to daughter cells by the sopABC gene. To elucidate the partitioning mechanisms, we simultaneously analysed movements of the plasmid and the SopA ATPase in single living cells. SopA, which is a putative motor protein assembled densely near nucleoid borders and formed a single discrete ...
Iwaki, Toru
The phenotypic effects of selectively altering the levels of alpha B- crystallin in cultured glial cells were analyzed using sense and antisense approaches. Rat C6 glioma cells and human U-373MG glioma cells were transfected with a rat alpha B-crystallin sense cDNA or an antisense cDNA regulated by a Rous sarcoma ...
Koneri Kenji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The Beclin 1 gene binds to the apoptosis-inhibiting protein Bcl-2. The expression and function of the Beclin 1 gene in four colorectal cancer cell lines (HT29, DLD-1, SW480, SW620) was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of Beclin 1 mRNA was examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), the ...
Narz Frank - - 2007
Gene silencing experiments in difficult-to-transfect cells are often hampered by the presence of a background of untransfected cells. We present proof-of-concept data from two different strategies for enrichment of siRNA-transfected cells. In the first approach, a heterologous surface antigen is expressed from a plasmid that is co-transfected with an siRNA ...
Mejías-Luque Raquel - - 2007
Lewis antigens are terminal fucosylated oligosaccharides synthesized by the sequential action of several glycosyltransferases. The fucosyltransferases are the enzymes responsible for the addition of terminal fucose to precursor oligosaccharides attached to proteins or lipids. These oligosaccharides, defined as cell surface markers, have been implicated in different types of intercellular interactions ...
Xu Wen-Hua - - 2007
AIM: To examine the effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted small interfering RNA (siRNA) on proliferation of gastric cancer cells in vitro. METHODS: Several siRNAs were transfected into human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 with Lipofectamine 2000. Cells not transfected with Lipofectamine 2000 or scrambled (SCR) siRNA served as ...
Borawski Jason - - 2007
High-throughput screening of RNAi libraries has become an essential part of functional analysis in academic and industrial settings. The transition of a cell-based RNAi assay into a 384-well format requires several optimization steps to ensure the phenotype being screened is appropriately measured and that the signal-to-background ratio is above a ...
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