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Results 351 - 400 of 1622
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Thomopoulou G-E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The pathological distinction between parathyroid neoplasms and hyperplasias remains difficult. Changes in cell cycle control may lead to clonal proliferation and precede tumorigenesis. The parathyroid adenoma 1 oncogene, subsequently identified as the gene encoding cyclin D1, has been shown to be important to parathyroid tumour development. In addition to ...
de Lima Marcus Aurelho - - 2003
PURPOSE: To study quantitatively C cells in the thyroids of non-isogenic rats to determine the possible effects of pinealectomy on the number of these cells, and consequently on the synthesis and secretion of calcitonin. METHODS: Twenty male rats of an outbred strain (200-300 g) were used in the present study. ...
Young Leonie S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The adrenal cortex produces aldosterone, cortisol and androgens in response to ACTH and angiotensin II. To define the differential response of morphologically distinct cells of the adrenal cortex, we examined the phenotypical and functional characteristics of human adrenocortical cells. RESULTS: Tumour growth factor-beta receptor-1 (TGFbeta-R1) and CYP-11 were found ...
Ogawa Yuzo - - 2003
MECs are distributed on the basal aspect of the intercalated duct and acinus of human and rat salivary glands. However, they do not occur in the acinus of rat parotid glands, and sometimes occur in the striated duct of human salivary glands. MECs, as the name implies, have structural features ...
Li Xinying - - 2002
Insertion of genetic material into bovine chromaffin cells employing various techniques have produced low to moderate transduction rates. Recent technology using adenoviral gene transfer has become one of the most powerful methods for introducing genes into mammalian cells. We examined whether a recombinant adenovirus could provide a convenient vector to ...
Sturm Robert - - 2002
The development of the female accessory glands in Teleogryllus commodus was studied by detailed morphometric and stereological analyses. In addition, a microsurgical method was developed to quantify the gland secretion. The morphometric results yield evidence that the glands are subject to a significant growth during peak differentiation, starting immediately after ...
Baqui Munira - - 2003
The type 3 iodothyronine selenodeiodinase (D3) is an integral membrane protein that inactivates thyroid hormones. By using immunofluorescence cytochemistry confocal microscopy of live or fixed cells transiently expressing FLAG-tagged human D3 or monkey hepatocarcinoma cells expressing endogenous D3, we identified D3 in the plasma membrane. It co-localizes with Na,K-ATPase alpha, ...
Pignatelli D - - 2002
Despite great efforts devoted to clarifying the localization of proliferative activity in the adrenal cortex, the agents that stimulate proliferation remain controversial, and the nature of the stem cells from which cortical cells differentiate is incompletely understood. We studied proliferative activity in the rat adrenal cortex using an immunohistochemical method ...
Severgnini M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Chronic alcoholism has been associated with structural and physiological changes in salivary glands. Studies on a variety of pathologies have suggested that variation in number of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) reveals conditions of cellular activity. The aim of this work was to examine, through the AgNOR technique, changes in ...
Wang Jun Ming - - 2002
The presence of a local renin-angiotensin system has been established in organs that serve as angiotensin targets. In this study, the expression of angiotensinogen mRNA and subcellular localization of renin, angiotensin-converting enzyme, and angiotensin II were investigated in bovine adrenal medullary cells in primary culture. By light microscopy, expression of ...
Garcia Antonio G - - 2002
Described here is the origin of a fruitful, long-lasting, and friendly international group of scientists whose main interests are chromaffin cells and exocytosis. Meetings have been held every two years in different countries of Europe and North America, and in Japan, Australia, and Israel. We have no formal society or ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2002
To determine whether some thyroid fine-needle aspirates classified as nondiagnostic correlate with benign thyroid nodules and can be distinguished from other nondiagnostic aspirates, I reviewed (from a total of 1,581) 80 nondiagnostic cases, all of which were hypocellular and lacked colloid, and correlated the cytologic findings with the results of ...
Eiden Lee E - - 2002
Exocytosis, stimulus-secretion coupling, real-time measurements of neurosecretion, and stimulus-secretion-synthesis coupling (stimulus-transcription coupling) were all initially proposed and verified in the chromaffin cell. Detailed analysis of the molecules and pathways responsible for secretion and transsynaptic regulation of gene expression patterns in neuroendoccrine cells have been very fruitfully explored in chromaffin cells ...
Miguel M C C - - 2002
The number and location of myoepithelial cells in the rat parotid gland submitted to surgical ligation of its main excretory duct were studied through immunohistochemical labelling for calponin. These cells were labelled by the streptavidin-biotin method using anti-calponin primary antibody, and their number was determined during each step of glandular ...
Minagawa Akinobu - - 2002
Primary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the thyroid is very rare, and its origin has not been fully determined. We report a case of MEC, the origin of which was demonstrated by thyroid specific genes expressed in a metastatic lymph node. A 52-year-old male presented with chest pain, weight loss and ...
Takahashi S - - 2002
The roles of apoptosis and mitosis of acinar and duct cells in the atrophy of the sublingual gland of rat induced by double duct ligation was investigated using immunohistochemistry for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP-digoxigenin nick end labeling (TUNEL), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Many ...
Gulwadi Amit G - - 2002
The present experiments were conducted to identify analgesic agents for transfection into immortalized adrenal chromaffin cell lines to maximize their analgesic potential. Analgesic agents known to be produced by adrenal chromaffin cells were infused intrathecally at a low dose (0.2 microg) which might conceivably be attained by adrenal chromaffin cell ...
Santelli Giovanni - - 2002
Beta-thymosins are structurally related, highly conserved acidic polypeptides, originally isolated from calf thymus. We have recently shown that the TB10 gene is overexpressed in human thyroid carcinoma cell lines and tissues, particularly in undifferentiated thyroid carcinomas, but expressed at an undetectable level in normal thyroid cells. The precise role of ...
Tsunawaki Shizuka - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential of salivary gland epithelial cells to act as nonprofessional antigen-presenting cells (APC) in the development of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). METHODS: Expression of HLA-DR antigens, costimulatory molecules, and adhesion molecules on epithelial cells was immunohistochemically examined in labial salivary glands from patients with SS. An association ...
Matsuda Hideki - - 2002
Using a sensitive immunohistochemical technique, the localization of neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y1-receptor (Y1R)-like immunoreactivity (LI) was studied in various peripheral tissues of rat. Wild-type (WT) and Y1R-knockout (KO) mice were also analyzed. Y1R-LI was found in small arteries and arterioles in many tissues, with particularly high levels in the thyroid ...
Kitamura Kenichiro - - 2002
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Secondary hyperparathyroidism in chronic renal failure is one of the most frequently encountered disorders of calcium homeostasis, characterized by parathyroid hypertrophy and hyperplasia. It is important to understand the pathogenesis of parathyroid epithelial cell hyperplasia and to determine the factors involved in the parathyroid cell proliferation for ...
Actis A B - - 2002
Cell proliferation and apoptosis as well as cell-cell adhesion and communication are essential processes that assure cell survival, renewal and coordination. Since junctional proteins have a tumor suppressor activity, their immunohistochemical characterization has diagnostic and prognostic value. The purpose of this report is to review the role played by junctional ...
Yoshida Akio - - 2002
The Pendred syndrome gene encodes a 780-amino acid putative transmembrane protein (pendrin) that is expressed in the apical membrane of thyroid follicular cells. Although pendrin was shown to transport iodide and chloride using Xenopus laevis oocytes and Sf9 insect cells, there is no report using mammalian cells to study its ...
Palungwachira Piti - - 2002
An investigation of the ultrastructural study was conducted on specimens from a typical patient with Fabry disease. Numerous characteristic cytoplasmic inclusions were observed in the vascular endothelial cell, pericyte, smooth muscle cell, nerve and eccrine sweat glands, the lamellar pattern of which were considerably variable in various types of gland ...
Takeda Mamoru - - 2002
It has been demonstrated that arginine vasopressin (AVP) is synthesized not only in specific hypothalamic nuclei, but also in the adrenal medulla where it is thought to regulate adrenal functions by autocrine and paracrine mechanisms. In order to further characterise the effects of AVP on rat adrenal chromaffin cells, we ...
Kowase Takanori - - 2002
Insulin-like growth factor-I activates a calcium-permeable cation channel GRC (growth factor-regulated channel). In the present study, we investigated the immunohistochemical localization of GRC in human tissues using a polyclonal anti-GRC antibody. Immunoreactive GRC was detected in the stomach, duodenum, large intestine and prostate. In these tissues, GRC-expressing cells were distributed ...
Azuma Masayuki - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Our previous results suggested that suppression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)-induced matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) could prevent the destruction of acinar tissue in the salivary glands of patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of cepharanthine on the suppression of TNFalpha-induced ...
Hewitt Elizabeth A - - 2002
Exposure to environmental contaminants has been shown to alter normal thyroid function in various wildlife species, including the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis). Abnormalities in circulating levels of the thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4) have been reported in juvenile alligators from several contaminated lakes in Florida. To further elucidate these functional thyroid ...
Lai Guey-Jen - - 2002
Pituitary ablation (hypophysectomy) in rats was previously reported to cause a precipitous change in the relative abundance of two alternative splice variants of the "BK"- or "Maxi K"-encoding Slo gene in adrenal chromaffin cells. Inclusion of the optional "STREX" exon (STRess axis-regulated EXon) in a C-terminal splice site was reduced, ...
Eaton Mary J - - 2002
To prepare immortalized adrenal chromaffin cells for eventual clinical use, the immortalizing oncogene must be removed. We have utilized a Cre-mediated excision of a loxP-flanked Tag sequence to test whether immortalized chromaffin cells could be disimmortalized by this method. Cultures of embryonic rat adrenal cells were immortalized with the tsA-TN ...
Yamagami Kazuhiko - - 2002
Using a confocal laser-scanning microscope, we measured the changes in the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca]i) of chromaffin cells on adrenal slice preparations of mouse. The spontaneous fluctuations of [Ca]i were often observed in situ, as reported in isolated rat and bovine cells. Intriguingly, the spontaneous [Ca]i changes in one cell ...
Cassoni P - - 2002
Cortistatin (CST-14, Pro-c[Cys-Lys-Asn-Phe-Phe-Trp-Lys-Thr-Phe-Ser-Ser-Cys]-Lys-NH2), a neuropeptide member of the SRIH family, binds to all 5 SRIH receptor (sst) subtypes, but also possesses a significant binding affinity to GH secretagogue receptors (GHS-R), which have been reported to mediate the antiproliferative activity of GHS on thyroid cancer cells. The effect of CST-14 on ...
Sellitti D F - - 2002
The natriuretic peptides signal through three receptor subtypes, of which two (NPR-A and NPR-B) are membrane-bound guanylyl cyclases for which the principal ligands are respectively atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP). In the human thyroid cell, a third receptor, NPR-C, has been implicated in the regulation of ...
Chamoux Estelle - - 2002
The specific development of the human fetal adrenal gland requires cell proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and zone-specific steroidogenic activity. The present work was designed to determine the physiological significance of the previously identified spatial distribution of extracellular matrix components in the fetal gland. Primary cultures of human fetal adrenal cells grown ...
Nanmoku Toru - - 2002
New orexigenic peptides called orexins have recently been described in the neurons of the lateral hypothalamus and perifornical area. No orexins have been found in the adipose tissues or visceral organs, including the adrenal gland. However, expression of the orexin receptor (OXR) in the rat adrenal gland has been reported. ...
Petrasek, Danny
In endocrine glands, vigorous and coordinated responses are often elicited by modest changes in the concentration of the organist molecule. The mammalian parathyroid gland is a representative case. Small (5%) changes in serum calcium result in tenfold (1000%) changes in glandular parathyroid hormone (PTH) release. In vitro, single isolated cells ...
Chen-Pan Cleo - - 2002
We described previous that the adrenal medulla recovers rapidly from the injuries due to salinomycin. In the present study we found the recovery to be apparently due to differentiation of pre-existing, primitive undifferentiated, chromaffin cells, rather than mitosis, as evidenced by lack of incorporation of 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine in the differentiating and/or ...
Kontogeorgos George - - 2002
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine with differentiation and growth-promoting effects. Extensive studies in experimental animals denote that IL-6 is produced in various endocrine organs and participates in the local control of endocrine cell function. The expression of this cytokine in human endocrine glands, however, has only been examined in ...
Zimmermann-Belsing T - - 2002
Local immunological reactions might influence the structure of alpha1-acid glycoprotein (AGP, orosomucoid) leading to a pathological condition in e.g. the thyroid. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the AGP molecule had a direct effect on thyroid cell function in vitro. The influence of AGP and its three ...
Zhang Xiaoqing - - 2002
Recent studies suggest striking similarities between polarized protein sorting in thyrocytes and MDCK epithelial cells, including apical trafficking of thyroglobulin (Tg), thyroid peroxidase, and aminopeptidase N; as well as basolateral targeting of heparan sulfate proteoglycans, thrombospondin 1 (TSP1), type 1 5'-deiodinase, sodium-potassium ATPase, and the thyrotropin receptor. In this report, ...
De Deken Xavier - - 2002
We have recently cloned two thyroid-specific cDNAs encoding new members of the NADPH oxidase family. ThOX1 and ThOX2 proteins are colocalized with thyroperoxidase at the apical membrane of human thyroid cells. In the present study we have determined their subcellular localization and maturation in relation to their enzymatic activity. A ...
Bertelli Eugenio - - 2002
The constituents of the intermediate filament network of adrenal gland cells have not been deeply investigated in vivo. Adrenocortical cells have been reported to express cytokeratins and vimentin, but the intermediate filament components of the adrenomedullary cells are still unknown. Nestin is an intermediate filament protein that is mainly expressed ...
Foschini Maria Pia - - 2002
The purpose of the present study is to determine the presence and distribution of epithelial and myoepithelial cells in mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of salivary glands and to compare them with normal salivary gland tissue and other primary carcinomas. This is in order to establish novel diagnostic criteria and to better ...
Honoré Bent - - 2002
The transcript encoding endonuclein, the human homolog of yeast PWP1, was previously found up-regulated in pancreatic cancer tissue. By immunohistochemistry we detected a ubiquitous presence in several tissues examined: skin, liver, thyroid gland, heart muscle, neurons, kidney, bladder, pancreas, adrenal gland, ovary, uterus, testis and prostate gland. We especially noticed ...
Daumerie C - - 2002
Pretibial myxedema (PTM), mainly characterized by the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue, is an extrathyroidal manifestation of autoimmune Graves' disease (GD), almost always associated with Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). The thyrotropin receptor (TSH-R) has been proposed as the common target antigen in GD, GO and PTM, with ...
Sawicki B - - 2002
The present study was aimed at hybridocytochemical (HCC) detection and interspecies comparison of mRNA for calcitonin (CT), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), neuropeptide Y (NPY) and somatostatin (SS) in thyroid C cells of two rodent families of wild Microtidae: pine voles and common voles and also of laboratory Muridae, Wistar rats. ...
Stark Tuula - - 2002
In previous studies in our laboratory (L. Mankowitz, L. Staffas, M. Bakke, and J. Lund, Biochem J, 1995, 305, 111-118; L. Staffas, L. Mankowitz, M. Söderström, A. Blanck, I. Porsch-Hällström, C. Sundberg, B. Mannervik, B. Olin, J. Rydström, and J.W. DePierre, Biochem J, 1992, 286, 65-72) isoenzymes of GST, primarily ...
Raftopoulou E K - - 2002
In the present study, autometallography (AMG) has been performed on resin-embedded tissue sections, cryosections, as well as on isolated cells from the digestive gland, the gills and the haemolymph of mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) collected from the field. The AMG reaction was more intense in cryosections and isolated cells compared to ...
Sinkre Prasanna - - 2002
We report a case of florid mullerianosis involving inguinal lymph nodes, a simulator of metastatic adenocarcinoma. The patient was a 48-year-old woman with symptomatic leiomyomas and enlarged right inguinal lymph nodes. Microscopically two lymph nodes were partially or completely replaced by cystically dilated and small glands, many of which contained ...
Gaberscek S - - 2002
Lithium accumulates in the thyroid gland and can cause goiter or thyroid dysfunction. The aims of our work were: 1) to verify whether lithium stimulates proliferation of thyroid cells; as methods, the 3H-thymidine incorporation assay and the MTT assay (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) were used; as a model system the FRTL-5 ...
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