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Results 251 - 300 of 1622
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Huber Katrin - - 2005
Phox2B, a homeodomain transcription factor closely related to Phox2A, is expressed in peripheral and central noradrenergic neurons. In neural crest (NC) derivatives Phox2B is restricted to sympathetic and parasympathetic ganglia, enteric neurons, and adrenal and extraadrenal chromaffin cells. Similar to MASH-1, Phox2B has been implicated in synchronizing pan-neuronal and catecholaminergic ...
Fujiwara Ken - - 2005
Prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP) is a novel peptide found in bovine hypothalamus as an endogenous ligand of an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor (hGR3). It is known that PrRP is widely distributed and plays roles in the central nervous system (CNS). In particular, PrRP acts as a neurotransmitter that mediates stress and activates ...
Zatelli Maria Chiara - - 2005
Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a rare tumor originating from thyroid parafollicular C cells, where, in the inherited form, constitutive activation of the RET protooncogene is responsible for unrestrained cell proliferation. We previously demonstrated that somatostatin (SRIF) reduces cell growth in the human MTC cell line TT, which expresses all ...
Madan A K - - 2005
Morphogenesis and cytodifferentiation of the salivary glands are dependent on epithelio-mesenchymal interactions, which are mediated either by direct intercellular contacts or by the expression of signaling molecules. One of these signaling molecules, fibroblast growth factor (FGF), is known to play a crucial role in embryonic cell proliferation, cell differentiation and ...
Sugie Masayuki - - 2005
The association with Parkinson's disease (PD) of adrenomedullary inclusions, known as 'hyaline globules' or 'adrenal bodies', has been reported for over 35 years. However, the common perception has been that adrenomedullary chromaffin cells cannot be recognized as pathological cells in PD. In the present study, we discovered that the number ...
Cameselle-Teijeiro José - - 2005
We studied a series of 10 solid cell nests (SCNs) of the thyroid and a case of cystic tumor of the atrioventricular node (CTAVN) of the heart and reviewed the literature. The CTAVN and SCNs appeared as cystic and/or solid (squamoid) structures mainly composed of polygonal or oval cells (main ...
Takahashi S - - 2005
This study was designed to establish how mitotic cell proliferation and apoptotic cell death participate in the regeneration of atrophied rat sublingual glands. To induce atrophy to the sublingual gland of rats, the excretory duct was ligated unilaterally near the hilum, and after 1 week of ligation (day 0) the ...
Berger Gilead - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Further study on the composition and concentration of normal nasal mucosal glycoconjugates is needed. METHODS: A battery of ten lectins was used to stain six carbohydrates residing in the inferior turbinate mucosa of 21 healthy individuals. RESULTS: The concentrations of glycoconjugates of the glycocalyx exceeded that of epithelial goblet, ...
Arvanitis Dimitrios L - - 2005
The epitope H contains an O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) residue in a specific conformation and/or environment recognized by monoclonal antibody H (mAbH). We have previously shown that the epitope H is present in more than one polypeptide and in various types of normal and pathological cells. In the present study, we ...
Feng Jun Tao - - 2005
In early embryo period, adrenal medulla development is parallel with adrenergic nerves. For this reason, adrenal medullary cells may be provided with potential ability of transdifferentiation toward nerve cells. In vitro, it was well testified that if adrenal medullary cells are treated with nerve growth factor, then the cells will ...
Snyman R G - - 2005
This study investigated the relationship between accumulated copper in the digestive gland of Helix aspersa, after exposure to the fungicide copper oxychloride, and quantitative changes in the digestive gland cells of this snail. Snails were exposed to 80 and 240 microg g(-1) copper oxychloride for 6 weeks. Histological sections of ...
Schinner Sven - - 2005
Adrenal catecholamines and steroids are important regulators of the stress response, immune function, blood pressure, and energy homeostasis. Historically, the two cell populations within the adrenal gland-the steroid-producing adrenocortical cells and the catecholamine-producing chromaffin cells-have been regarded as two independent endocrine systems. Research on adrenal physiology and pathophysiology has therefore ...
Castillo Songül Süren - - 2005
The aim of the present study was the demonstration of mechanisms of regulation of activity of chromaffin cells in the adrenal gland of Rana ridibunda (Anura-Amphibia). Previous studies have shown that endothelin-1 is an important factor for the maintenance of adrenal gland function. On the basis of these findings, frogs ...
Tran S D - - 2005
Therapeutic irradiation for head and neck cancer, and the autoimmune disease Sjogren's syndrome, lead to loss of salivary parenchyma. They are the two main causes of irreversible salivary gland hypofunction. Such patients cannot produce adequate levels of saliva, leading to considerable morbidity. We are working to develop an artificial salivary ...
Faluhelyi Nándor - - 2004
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) has been shown to participate in modulation of circadian rhythm and to stimulate melatonin (MT) secretion in both the rat and chicken pineal glands. In contrast to mammals, the main regulator of circadian rhythm in birds is the pineal gland, which begins its rhythmic ...
Bertherat Jérôme - - 2005
In ACTH-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (AIMAH) causing Cushing's syndrome, cortisol production can be controlled by illegitimate membrane receptors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate in vivo and in vitro the sensitivity of AIMAH to various regulatory factors to detect the expression of illegitimate receptors by the tissues. ...
Takano Toru - - 2004
Since the 1980s, cancer cells have been considered to be generated from well-differentiated benign cells by transformation caused by accumulating damage in their genomes. However, recent progress in gene expression analysis in thyroid malignancies has raised the possibility of another model of thyroid carcinogenesis. We propose a novel hypothesis of ...
Kim Yu Mi - - 2004
Intrathecal transplants of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells relieve chronic pain by secreting catecholamines, opioids, and other neuroactive substances. Recently, macrocapsules with semipermeable membranes were used to isolate immunologically xenogenic chromaffin cells, but the poor viability in vivo of the encapsulated chromaffin cells limited the usefulness of this method. In this ...
Rahhal Belal - - 2004
Chromaffin cells, the neuroendocrine cells of the adrenal medulla, play an important role in molecular, cellular, and developmental neurobiology. Unlike the closely related sympathetic neurons, chromaffin cells are able to proliferate throughout their whole life span. Proliferation of chromaffin cells in vivo is thought to be regulated by the interaction ...
Duplan H - - 2004
Transplantation of adrenal medullary tissue for terminal cancer pain has been tested clinically, but this approach is not practical for routine use because of the shortage of organ donors and lack of tissue homogeneity. As a first alternative step, we have generated immortalized chromaffin cells over-expressing opioid peptides, namely met-enkephalin. ...
Staton B A - - 2004
In aging humans, corticosteroid production is preserved, or even increased, but there is an unexplained reduction in adrenal androgen secretion that likely has significant health implications. Preliminary analyses on adrenocortical morphology have revealed an age-associated reduction in the thickness of the zona reticularis (ZR), the cortical zone responsible for the ...
Lu Ying - - 2004
It has been shown that xenografts and allografts of spinally transplanted adrenal chromaffin cells produce antinociception in animals and pain relief in patients with cancer pain. As there is a very limited availability of human adrenal tissue to serve as allografts, the clinical need for xenogeneic chromaffin cells as transplants ...
Aker Fugen Vardar - - 2004
Spindle cell tumors and reactive proliferations of the thyroid gland are rarely reported. In this report, we described a case of follicular adenoma with spindle cell component. The spindle cell proliferation constituted more than 90% of the 4.0 cm lesion and showed fascicular pattern with focal areas of collagenous stroma ...
Simon Cláudio R - - 2004
In this work, we present biochemical and morphological evidence that the final steps of programmed cell death (PCD) in the salivary glands of the inferior Diptera, Bradysia hygida, present apoptotic characteristics. In B. hygida, elimination of salivary glands is preceded by the establishment of a typical pattern of protein synthesis; ...
Yamamoto Tetsuya - - 2004
Dysfunction of salivary glands is often associated with aging and cancer therapy. Green tea polyphenols were previously found to protect normal epithelial cells from reactive oxygen species, and to induce apoptosis in tumor cells. The current study investigated whether -(-) epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major green tea polyphenol, protects normal salivary ...
Navarro Ricardo de Lima Rde - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Maspin inhibits cell motility, invasion and metastasis. Loss or reduction in maspin expression has been associated with tumoral progression. METHODS: The presence of maspin was studied immunohistochemically in salivary gland tumours presenting cells with myoepithelial differentiation in their composition, and in normal salivary gland. RESULTS: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) presented ...
Kaczmarczyk Dariusz - - 2004
The aim of the study was to determine the relation between involution of the FZ and the proliferation and apoptosis of the adrenal cortex cells. The study was carried out with adrenal glands from guinea pigs aged 1, 3, 9, 14, 21, 35 and 90 days. Paraffin slices were stained ...
Takahashi S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to elucidate whether myoepithelial cells proliferate mitotically during regeneration of rat submandibular glands after atrophy. METHODS: The excretory duct of the right submandibular gland of rats was doubly ligated near the hilum with metal clips, which were removed after 7 days of ...
Carpenter Guy H - - 2004
The major antibody in saliva is IgA, which is actively transported by pIgR expressed by parenchymal cells within the salivary glands. The rate of IgA secretion into saliva is regulated by the autonomic nerves supplying the glands in vivo. This study examined the mechanism of increased IgA secretion into saliva ...
Preto Ana - - 2004
Solid cell nests of the human thyroid gland are composed of main cells and C cells. In order to investigate the putative stem cell nature of the role for solid cell nests, we evaluated the histological features, and the immunohistochemical expression of p63, bcl-2, telomerase catalytic subunit, and two proliferative ...
Krohn M - - 2004
In many bird species, the nasal glands secrete excess salt ingested with drinking water or food. In ducks ( Anas platyrhynchos), osmotic stress results in adaptive cell proliferation and differentiation in the gland. Using 'naive' nasal gland cells isolated from animals that had never ingested excess salt or 'differentiated' cells ...
Yun Xia - - 2004
In immuno-light and -electron microscopy, brain-type fatty acid binding protein (B-FABP) is localized in the sustentacular cells enclosing the chromaffin cells in the adrenal medulla. This represents another new feature commonly shared by the sustentacular cells and ganglionic satellite cells, the latter of which has already been reported to localize ...
Latchney Lisa R - - 2004
Human fractalkine (CX3CL1), a delta-chemokine, is implicated in the mediation of multiple cell functions. In addition to serving as a chemotactic factor for mononuclear cell subtypes, membrane-bound fractalkine may promote viral infection by interacting with virions that encode putative fractalkine-binding proteins. Fractalkine expression in normal epithelial tissues studied to date ...
Dubin R F - - 2004
Lactoferrin and lysozyme are important antimicrobial compounds of airway surface liquid, derived predominantly from serous cells of submucosal glands but also from surface epithelium. Here we compared release of these compounds from the following human cell cultures: primary cultures of tracheal epithelium (HTE), Calu-3 cells (a lung adenocarcinoma cell line ...
Schröder-van der Elst Janny P - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Natural flavonoids (plant pigments) have been shown to inhibit thyroid peroxidase (TPO) in vitro and the growth of thyroid cancer cell lines. We have studied the role of flavonoids on the iodide transport and the growth of the human follicular thyroid cancer cell line (FTC133) which was stably transfected ...
Burstein David E - - 2004
Most models suggest that the cell of origin of papillary carcinoma is the mature thyroid follicular epithelial cell. In a recent study, p63 was detected in papillary carcinoma, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and in squamoid aggregates and solid cell nests (SCNs), embryonic remnants found sporadically in the fully developed thyroid. In the ...
Fujishiro Naoji - - 2004
Since O(2) is the bare necessity for multicellular organisms, they develop multiple protective mechanisms against hypoxia. Mammals will adapt to hypoxia in short and long terms. The short-term responses include enhancement of the respiratory and cardiac functions, adrenaline secretion from adrenal medullary cells, and pulmonary vasoconstriction, whereas the long-term response ...
Zaika O L - - 2004
Adrenal chromaffin cells secrete catecholamines in response to cholinergic receptor activation by acetylcholine (ACh). Characteristics of Ca(2+) transients induced by activation of nicotinic (nAChRs) and muscarinic (mAChRs) receptors were analyzed using Fura-2 fluorescent measurements on rat chromaffin cells. We first found two populations of chromaffin cells, which differently responded on ...
Sol J C - - 2004
Adrenal medullary chromaffin cells synthetize and secrete a combination of pain-reducing neuroactive compounds including catecholamines and opioid peptides. Previous reports have shown that implantation of chromaffin cells into the spinal subarachnoid space can reduce both acute and chronic pain in several animal models. We recently demonstrated that human chromaffin cell ...
Zhou Xiaofeng - - 2004
Insect molting is triggered by ecdysteroids, which are produced in the prothoracic glands (PG). The broad (br) gene is one of the 'early genes' directly regulated by ecdysteroids. Ectopic expression of the BR-Z3 isoform in early second instar Drosophila larvae (L2) before the rise of the ecdysteroid titer prevented molting ...
Hisatomi Yuichiro - - 2004
Experimental injury is useful to induce tissue stem cells, which may exist in small numbers under normal conditions. The salivary glands originate from the endoderm and consist of acinar and ductal epithelial cells, which have exocrine function. After salivary gland duct ligation, acinar cells disappear as a result of apoptosis, ...
Williams Joseph H - - 2004
The recent consensus that Amborellaceae, Nymphaeales, and Austrobaileyales form the three earliest-diverging lineages of angiosperms has led comparative biologists to reconsider the origin and early developmental evolution of the angiosperm seven-celled/eight-nucleate (Polygonum-type) female gametophyte. Illicium mexicanum (Illiciaceae; Austrobaileyales) develops a four-celled/four-nucleate female gametophyte. The ontogenetic sequence of the Illicium female ...
Li Xinying - - 2004
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) enhances ATP-stimulated inositol phosphate (InsP) formation in bovine chromaffin cells through an unknown mechanism. Chromaffin cells were transduced with the carboxyl terminus of beta-adrenergic receptor kinase 1 (betaARK1CT), a Gbetagamma subunits scavenger, using a recombinant adenovirus system. The adenovirus also expresses a green fluorescent protein (GFP) which ...
Fortunati Nicoletta - - 2004
In poorly differentiated thyroid cancer, molecular characteristics are reported to be lost such as to cause insensitivity of the tumor to radiometabolic therapy. Considerable work is in progress to identify compounds that redifferentiate thyroid cancer cells. The present study evaluates the action of valproic acid, a potent anticonvulsant recently reported ...
Pilling Andrew - - 2004
C-cell tumours of the thyroid gland are among the most common spontaneous neoplasms of the laboratory rat. With the exception of calcitonin, little attention has been paid to the secretory peptides of C cells during the development of neoplasia. Of these peptides, somatostatin (SS) is of particular interest because it ...
Capaldo Anna - - 2004
The effects of dopamine administration on the adrenal gland of a lizard, Podarcis sicula, are described. Dopamine (0.7mg/100g body wt/day for 4 consecutive days) raised plasma ACTH and corticosterone levels (ACTH: from the basal level of 4.40+/-0.05-7.30+/-0.08pg/ml 24h after the fourth dopamine injection; corticosterone: from 3.59+/-0.03ng/ml in untreated lizards to ...
Pirger Zs - - 2004
Functional morphology of Helix pomatia salivary gland cells was studied at light microscopic level by using different histochemical methods. Three cell types could be demonstrated in the salivary gland: mucocytes, granular and vacuolated cells. The distribution and the number of the different cell types were different in active and inactive ...
Sugito T - - 2004
Patients with dry mouth have been treated with salivary substitutes and/or medications such as pilocarpine or cevimeline hydrochloride. These treatments temporarily relieve their symptoms and induce salivation from residual tissue. However, no treatment is available for the purpose of regenerating an atrophic gland. In this study, the feasibility of a ...
Dadan J - - 2004
In the thyroid gland of mammals, except the basic follicular (F) cells, parafollicular (C) cells are detected. They belong to disperse neuroendocrine cells of the APUD system. Co-localisation of F and C cells in the thyroid gland is not accidental. It seems possible that there is an interaction between them, ...
Koo Hyun-Lyoung - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma is an unpredictable tumor that can recur many years after the original diagnosis and metastasize to uncommon sites, including the thyroid gland. Differential diagnosis from primary thyroid tumor is often difficult both clinically and pathologically. We report a case of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in follicular ...
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