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Koopmans Marije - - 2008
Chimerism indicates the presence of cells from one individual in another. Pregnancy and blood transfusions are considered the main sources for chimerism. Chimeric cells have been attributed a pathogenic role in various autoimmune diseases. However, data on the occurrence of chimeric cells in normal organs are scarce. In order to ...
Takahashi-Horiuchi Yuko - - 2008
Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) has been suggested to participate in the cell proliferation and differentiation during tissue development. In fact, we have demonstrated the transient occurrence of Hsp27 during the differentiation of salivary gland acinar cells in postnatal rats. The purpose of the present study is to explore the ...
Hipkaeo Wiphawi - - 2008
In the submandibular gland (SMG) of mice, a duct portion called the granular convoluted tubule (GCT) is developed preferentially in males with puberty. This sexual dimorphism is androgen-dependent, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. We have demonstrated that the expression of a transcription factor JunD is regulated in association ...
Tran Neil - - 2008
Perchlorate blocks thyroidal iodide transport in a dose-dependent manner. The human sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) has a 30-fold higher affinity for perchlorate than for iodide. However, active transport of perchlorate into thyroid cells has not previously been demonstrated by direct measurement techniques. To demonstrate intracellular perchlorate accumulation, we incubated NIS-expressing FRTL-5 ...
Tsujita Tomoyo - - 2008
Protein catalogs containing a large number of proteins expressed in a variety of organs can be powerful tools for stem-cell research, because this requires accurate knowledge about how cells differentiate. Salivary gland progenitor (SGP) cells are somatic stem cells isolated from the salivary gland that can differentiate into hepatic or ...
Huber Katrin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Adrenal chromaffin cells and sympathetic neurons both originate from the neural crest, yet signals that trigger chromaffin development remain elusive. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) emanating from the dorsal aorta are important signals for the induction of a sympathoadrenal catecholaminergic cell fate. RESULTS: We report here that BMP-4 is also ...
Kasacka Irena - - 2008
Uremia leads to a number of metabolic and hormonal disorders induced by renal failure with definite biological and clinical sequels. For this reason and the absence of reports on influence of CRF on calcitonin (CT)-producing cells of the thyroid glands and airways, the author decided to investigate the behavior of ...
Sampour Majid - - 2008
The study of vitelline glands of digenean Haploporus lateralis, indicates that the glands consist of vitelocytes in various stages of maturation. The cytoplasmic process of nurse cells which surrounded the vitelline lobes, intrude between vitelocytes and surround them. Immature vitelline cells are undifferentiated, they possess small amount of cytoplasm and ...
Nagy K - - 2007
The human submandibular gland cell line (HSG) has been used as a model for studying the molecular mechanisms of salivary cells. The aim of this study was to investigate some aspects of salivary Ca2+ signalling. We focused on the presence and function of specific molecular markers of salivary cells to ...
Borges R - - 2008
Our present understanding of exocytosis of catecholamines has benefited tremendously from the arrival of single-cell electrochemical methods (amperometry and voltammetry), electrophysiological techniques (whole-cell and patch capacitance) and from the combination of both techniques (patch amperometry). In this brief review, we will outline the strengths and limitations of amperometric and electrophysiological ...
Díaz-Flores L - - 2008
This article reviews the current status of research about the histogenesis and morphofunctional characteristics of chromaffin cells in the adrenal medulla. First, this study reports the selective migration, transcription and activation factors, and the morphological events of the chromaffin cell precursors during adrenal medulla development. Subsequently, the morphofunctional characteristics of ...
Ichihara N - - 2007
To clarify whether striated duct cells in canine salivary glands synthesize secretory carbonic anhydrase (CA-VI), as is the case with serous acinar cells, the present study utilized laser microdissection to harvest striated duct cells from canine parotid and submandibular glands, and total RNA extracted from these cells was then amplified ...
Tran, Diana
The immediate effects of melatonin from the pineal gland on peripheral cell types such as astrocytes, hepatocytes, and cardiac myocytes are relatively unknown. My research includes designing a superfusion or flow-through system that constantly pumps medium to light-entrained, chick pineal cells. The medium from the pinealocytes, enriched with pineal-specific secretions, ...
Song Hyun-Kuk - - 2007
Pendrin is an apical anion exchanger found in type B and nonA-nonB intercalated cells that is involved in bicarbonate secretion. The purpose of this study was to establish the origin and fate of pendrin-positive intercalated cells in the mouse kidney. Using immunohistochemistry, we found that pendrin-positive cells first appeared in ...
Höftberger Romana - - 2007
Defects of adrenoleukodystrophy protein (ALDP) lead to X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD), a disorder mainly affecting the nervous system white matter and the adrenal cortex. In the present study, we examine the expression of ALDP in various human tissues and cell lines by multiple-tissue RNA expression array analysis, Western blot analysis, and ...
Zaldibar B - - 2007
Slugs, Arion ater (L), have been proposed as sentinel organisms to assess soil health. In slugs under the influence of pollutants, digestive cell loss and the concomitant increase of excretory cells of the digestive gland have been described. The aim of the present work was to determine up to what ...
Meireles Ana Margarida - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to characterize the molecular and genotypic profile of eight thyroid carcinoma-derived cell lines-TPC1, FB2, B-CPAP, K1, XTC-1, C643, 8505C, and Hth74-in order to use them as in vitro models of thyroid carcinogenesis. DESIGN: We evaluated the expression of five thyroid-specific genes (Tg, TSHr, TPO, PAX8, and ...
Yano Yukiko - - 2007
Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) is known to increase intracytoplasmic cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and to regulate the growth of normal follicular cells. The aim of this study was to explore the role of the cAMP-mediated signaling pathway stimulated by TSH as a cell growth modulator in human thyroid cancer cells. ...
Song Y - - 2007
CONTEXT: The long-lived thyroid cell generates, for the synthesis of thyroid hormones, important amounts of H2O2 that are toxic in other cell types. This review analyzes the protection mechanisms of the cell and the pathological consequences of disorders of this system. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The literature on H2O2 generation and disposal, ...
Ruggeri R M - - 2007
Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is an autoimmune thyroid disease frequently associated with hyperplastic nodules (HN)s. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is expressed in benign thyroid nodules and over-expressed in malignant thyroid nodules, particularly in papillary thyroid carcinomas. To elucidate the role of HGF in the development of HNs in association with HT ...
Stumpf Walter E - - 2007
Receptor binding with 3H-1,25(OH)2 vitamin D3 (vitamin D) and its oxygen analog 3H-OCT is demonstrated in rat, hamster, and mice submandibular, sublingual and parotid glands, using receptor microautoradiography high-resolution imaging. Nuclear uptake and retention of radiolabeled compound exist strongest in epithelial cells of striated ducts, granular convoluted tubules and in ...
Enoki Norio - - 2007
This study investigated the age-dependent changes in the number of BrdU- and TUNEL-positive cells in murine gingival tissue and submandibular gland, and compared the findings with those in other tissues and organs. The cell proliferative activity was decreased after 20 weeks of age in epithelial cells of the gingiva, tongue, ...
Rodriguez H - - 2007
New evidence provides valuable information about the participation of sustentacular cells in chromaffin cell catecholamine secretion. In this process, calcium ions play an important role. It has been shown that there is an intense ionic traffic between both types of cells. Moreover, sustentacular cells take an active part in calcium ...
Otis Mélissa - - 2007
The expression of main extracellular matrix (ECM) and their integrins were studied in the adult rat adrenal gland. Collagen I, IV (CI, CIV), laminin (LN) and fibronectin (FN) expression was observed surrounding each glomerulosa cell and as long fibrils between the cords of fasciculata cells. In the medulla, FN was ...
Liu Zhi-Min - - 2007
Metallothionein (MT) expression in carcinogenesis of thyrocytes is unknown. We demonstrated that cadmium induced transcription of all functional MT-1 and MT-2 isoforms and promoted the cell cycle from the G1 to the S phase in thyroid cancer cells, which can be suppressed by the ERK inhibitor. Cadmium exposure stimulated intracellular ...
Jozan Suzanne - - 2007
Transplantation of adrenal medulla cells has been proposed in the treatment of various conditions. Indeed, these cells possess a bipotentiality: neural and neuroendocrine, which could be exploited for brain repair or pain therapy. In a previous study, we characterized these human cells in vitro over 7-10 gestational weeks (GW) [Zhou, ...
Zhu Jie - - 2007
RATIONALE: Airway wall inflammation, IL-4, and mucus hypersecretion are thought to be associated. OBJECTIVES: To quantify bronchial inflammatory cells in smokers with chronic bronchitis (CB) with and without airflow obstruction (AO), determining the cells expressing IL-4 and IL-5 and their association with submucosal gland mucin. METHODS: We applied immunohistochemistry to ...
Prante Olaf - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Positron emission tomography (PET) using O-(2-[(18)F]fluoroethyl)-l-tyrosine (FET) has been successfully employed in the diagnostic workup of brain tumors. Knowledge on the mechanisms of the uptake of radiolabeled amino acids into thyroidal tissues and well-differentiated thyroid carcinomas is limited. We therefore studied several factors potentially governing the uptake of FET ...
Yamaguchi-Shima Naoko - - 2007
The adrenal glands and sympathetic celiac ganglia are innervated mainly by the greater splanchnic nerves, which contain preganglionic sympathetic nerves that originated from the thoracic spinal cord. The adrenal medulla has two separate populations of chromaffin cells, adrenaline-containing cells (A-cells) and noradrenaline-containing cells (NA-cells), which have been shown to be ...
Sicard Flavie - - 2007
The adrenal gland comprises two endocrine tissues of distinct origin, the catecholamine-producing medulla and the steroid-producing cortex. The inner adrenocortical zone, which is in direct contact with the adrenomedullary chromaffin cells, produces dehydroepiandrostendione (DHEA) and DHEA sulfate (DHEAS). These two androgens exhibit potential effects on neurogenesis, neuronal survival, and neuronal ...
Popov Vsevolod L - - 2007
Ehrlichiae are small gram-negative obligately intracellular bacteria that multiply within vacuoles of their host cells and are associated for a part of their life cycle with ticks, which serve as vectors for vertebrate hosts. Two morphologically and physiologically different ehrlichial cell types, reticulate cells (RC) and dense-cored cells (DC), are ...
Pereira Michele Conceição - - 2007
Canalicular adenoma is an uncommon benign salivary gland neoplasm that has a marked predilection for occurrence in the upper lip. It is composed of columnar cells arranged in branching and interconnecting cords of single or double cell thick rows. This tumor has an excellent prognosis after conservative surgical treatment in ...
Cavalcante Roberta Barroso - - 2007
Myoepithelial cells present a complex immunophenotype, with the expression of proteins varying according to the stage of normal or neoplastic differentiation of the cell. In order to evaluate the immunohistochemical markers expressed by these cells, a panel of antibodies composed of vimentin, calponin and HHF-35 was applied to 28 salivary ...
Kolski-Andreaco Aaron - - 2007
Adrenal medullary chromaffin cell culture systems are extremely useful for the study of excitation-secretion coupling in an in vitro setting. This protocol illustrates the method used to dissect the adrenals and then isolate the medullary region by stripping away the adrenal cortex. The digestion of the medulla into single chromaffin ...
O'Connor Daniel T - - 2007
This protocol describes the primary culture of individual chromaffin cells derived by enzymatic digestion from the adrenal medulla of the bovine adrenal gland. Since the late 1970s, such cells have provided a useful model system to study neurotransmitter biosynthesis, storage and release in the catecholaminergic system. The protocol can be ...
Abiko Yoshihiro - - 2007
Saliva contributes significantly to the protective barrier of oral epithelium through its mechanical rinsing action and the unique peptides it contains. Saliva contains several types of antimicrobial peptides, including defensins, which may have an important role in innate host defense. Many types of human defensins have been discovered and characterized ...
Sekulić Milka - - 2007
The cellular and subcellular organization of thyroid follicular cells in peripubertal (6-month-old) male pigs treated with estradiol-dipropionate (Oe) plus progesterone (Pr) in combination on the first postnatal day was studied. A stereological method was used for morphometric determinations of the relative volume densities of the follicular epithelium, colloid and interstitium, ...
Kameda Yoko Y Department of Anatomy, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan. - - 2007
In mammals, the ultimobranchial body derived from the fourth pharyngeal pouch gives rise to thyroid C cells. The C cells of newborn mice are immunoreactive for calcitonin, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), protein gene product (PGP) 9.5 and NeuroD, and transiently exhibit the neuronal markers TuJ1 and somatostatin during fetal development. ...
Kornfeld Ari - - 2007
In vitro shoot cultures of Hypericum perforatum derived from wild populations grown in Armenia have a wide variation of hypericin and pseudohypericin metabolite content. We found that a germ line denoted as HP3 produces six times more hypericin and fourteen times more pseudohypericin than a second line labeled HP1. We ...
Zaldibar B - - 2007
In marine molluscs, the epithelium of the digestive gland is composed of two cell types, namely, digestive and basophilic cells. Under normal physiological conditions digestive cells outnumber basophilic cells, but under different stress situations the composition of the epithelium changes, basophilic cells apparently replace digestive cell. Winkles, Littorina littorea, were ...
García-Fernández María - - 2007
Adrenomedullary chromaffin (AMC) cells are sensitive to hypoxia in the newborn, but whether this property is lost during postnatal maturation is a matter of controversy. We have developed a rat adrenal slice preparation that allows the study of neonatal and adult AMC cell sensitivity to hypoxia in almost optimal physiological ...
Sadakata Tetsushi - - 2007
The family of Ca2+-dependent activator proteins for secretion (CAPS) is involved in dense-core vesicle exocytosis. CAPS1/CADPS1 and CAPS2/CADPS2 have been identified in mammals. CAPS1 regulates catecholamine release from neuroendocrine cells, whereas CAPS2 is involved in the release of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 from cerebellar granule cells. CAPS1 and CAPS2 ...
Lin Ho - - 2007
The biological behaviors of thyroid cancer are varied, and the pathological mechanisms remain unclear. Some reports indicated an apparent aggregation of amyloid accompanying medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Amyloid aggregation in neurodegeneration leads to hyperactivation of Cdk5 and subsequent neuronal death. Based on the connection with amyloid, the role of Cdk5 ...
Atsumi Toshiko - - 2006
To elucidate a possible link between the cytotoxicity and Ca(2+) mobilization by (meth)acrylates, we investigated the cell survival of and change in [Ca(2+)](i) in human salivary gland (HSG) cells (salivary gland carcinoma cell line) and human gingival fibroblasts (HGF) cells treated separately with 9 (meth)acrylate monomers used in dentistry. The ...
Klieb Hagen B E - - 2006
Oncocytic lipoadenomas of salivary gland are extremely rare tumors with only two previously reported cases. In this paper, we describe an additional example of oncocytic lipoadenoma showing sebaceous differentiation, a hitherto unreported occurrence. The tumor was encapsulated and measured 3 x 2.5 x 2 cm. Microscopically, the tumor comprised a ...
Luci Sebastian - - 2006
It has been shown that dietary oxidized fats influence thyroid function in rats and pigs. Mechanism underlying this phenomenon are unknown. This study was performed to investigate whether 13-hydroperoxy-9,11 -octadecadienic acid (13-HPODE), a primary oxidation product of linoleic acid, affects expression of gene involved in thyroid hormone synthesis and formation ...
Pantos C - - 2007
It has previously been shown that thyroid hormone can reverse cardiac remodeling in failing hearts by reducing myocardial wall stress due to the unique changes induced in cardiac myocyte shape. This effect may be of therapeutic relevance. Therefore, the present study has investigated potential signaling mechanisms underlying the thyroid hormone ...
Tran Simon D - - 2006
There is no satisfactory conventional treatment for patients who experience irreversible salivary gland damage after therapeutic radiation for head and neck cancer or because of Sjögren's syndrome. Additionally, if most parenchyma is lost, these patients also are not candidates for evolving gene transfer strategies. To help such patients, several years ...
Holz, Ronald W.
1. Catecholamine secretion from digitonin-treated chromaffin cells is stimulated directly by micromolar Ca 2+ in the medium. The permeabilized cells are leaky to proteins.
Tsujimura Toshiya - - 2006
The mature rat parotid gland shows hardly any cell bodies of myoepithelial cells around the acini, only a few cell processes being visible. However, in the early postnatal period, the rat parotid gland shows many myoepithelial cell bodies around the acini, including the intercalated ducts. In order to clarify the ...
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