Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1623
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Niu Dongfeng - - 2009
Nuclear irregularities including nuclear pseudoinclusions and nuclear grooves are characteristic of papillary thyroid carcinoma cells and are regarded as important diagnostic clues in histopathology. We observed nuclear features of thyroid carcinoma cell lines (KTC-1 and TPC-1) in various culture conditions and performed immunocytochemical examinations for cytoskeleton molecules to clarify the ...
Furquim Karim Christina Scopinho - - 2010
This study describes the changes undergone by cells of the salivary glands of unfed and feeding (at day two and four post-attachment) Rhipicephalus sanguineus males, as well as new cell types. In unfed males, types I and II acini are observed with cells "undifferentiated", undefined 1 and 2 (the latter, ...
Landriscina Matteo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Poorly differentiated and anaplastic thyroid cancers are aggressive malignancies unresponsive to standard treatments. The mechanisms responsible for the progression of thyroid tumors toward a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-independent phenotype are still under discussion, and a better understanding of them may provide novel molecular targets for the treatment of this disease. ...
Nucera Carmelo - - 2009
PURPOSE: FOXA1 is a mammalian endodermal transcription factor belonging to the human forkhead box gene family that plays a role in certain tumor types. Here, we investigated the potential role of FOXA1 in human thyroid carcinomas. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We examined the level of FOXA1 expression and gene copy number by ...
Yu Lu - - 2011
Follicular dendritic cell (FDC) sarcoma, especially of extranodal origin, is an extremely rare malignancy of FDC origin, with only 1 case previously documented in the thyroid. The authors report the case of a 58-year-old female who presented with a painless mass in her neck. The neoplastic cells expressed monocyte/macrophage-specific marker ...
Dunn James C Y JC Department of Surgery and Department of Bioengineering, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Biomedical Engineering Interdepartmental Program, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095-7098, USA. - - 2009
The adrenal cortex may contain progenitor cells useful for tissue regeneration. Currently there are no established methods to isolate these cells. Murine adrenal cells were sorted into a Nile-red-bright (NR(bright)) and a Nile-red-dim (NR(dim)) population of cells according to their degree of cholesterol content revealed by Nile red fluorescence. The ...
Usui Daisuke - - 2009
The sympathetic nervous system regulates peripheral organs via the adrenal chromaffin cells containing adrenaline (A-cells) or noradrenaline (NA-cells) and the sympathetic ganglia. We examined the effect of intracerebroventricularly administered bombesin on neuronal activities of adrenal A-cells and NA-cells and several kinds of sympathetic ganglia (superior cervical, stellate and celiac ganglia) ...
Schrader S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A rotary cell-culture system (RCCS) allows the creation of a microgravity environment of low shear force, high-mass transfer and three-dimensional cell culture of various cell types. The aim of the study was to evaluate the growth pattern and the secretory function of rabbit lacrimal gland acinar cells in a ...
Zheng Lingyan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the level of interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 1, 3, and 7 in peripheral blood cells from patients with primary Sjogren syndrome (pSS) and to determine whether and where IRF1 exists in the parotid glands of pSS. METHODS: Peripheral blood cells and parotid gland biopsy ...
Cecchini Maria Paola - - 2009
The oral cavity is continuously bathed by saliva secreted by the major and minor salivary glands. Saliva is the first biological medium to confront external materials that are taken into the body as part of food or drink or inhaled volatile substances, and it contributes to the first line of ...
Nagasaka Akio - - 2009
Telomerase (TA) activity is known to be present in malignant tumor cells, but not in most somatic differentiated cells. TA shows relatively high activity in thyroid cancer cells, but reports vary. This fact prompted us to elucidate whether cell component inhibitors of TA in the thyroid follicles can modulate its ...
Henderson Ying C - - 2009
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), the most common type of thyroid malignancy, usually possesses mutations, either RET/PTC rearrangement or BRAF mutation. Both mutations can activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase/extracellular signal-related kinase signaling transduction pathway, which results in activation of transcription factors that regulate cellular proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. To test ...
Nakamura Yasuko - - 2009
Amino acids have various physiological activities that influence processes such as intestinal regeneration, EGF secretion, protein synthesis, and cell growth. Salivary glands are exposed to nutrients that influence their proliferation and regeneration. Glycine is included in saliva in large quantities and reportedly has important roles in antibacterial activities and the ...
Katsumata Osamu - - 2009
This study was conducted to determine whether intercalated duct cells in the rat parotid gland have the properties of tissue stem cells. After induction of cellular proliferation by repeated administration of isoproterenol (IPR), a beta-adrenergic agonist, proliferation activity in acinar, intralobular, and intercalated ductal cells was quantified using Ki-67 immunohistochemistry. ...
Cameselle-Teijeiro José - - 2009
We describe a case of solid cell nest hyperplasia associated with papillary thyroid carcinoma in a 48-year-old man with goiter. The entire gland was examined; in 1 section, the cells of 1 solid cell nest were in close contact with a follicular variant of papillary microcarcinoma. A second follicular variant ...
Martín-Lacave Inés - - 2009
C cells are primarily known for producing calcitonin, a hypocalcemic and hypophosphatemic hormone. Nevertheless, besides their role in calcium homeostasis, C cells may be involved in the intrathyroidal regulation of follicular cells, suggesting a possible interrelationship between the two endocrine populations. If this premise is true, massive changes induced by ...
Takeyama Natsumi - - 2009
AIMS: Insulinoma-associated protein 2 (IA-2) is a member of the protein tyrosine phosphatase family that is localized on the insulin granule membrane. IA-2 is also well known as one of the major autoantigens in Type 1 diabetes mellitus. IA-2 gene deficient mice were recently established and showed abnormalities in insulin ...
Gröschl Michael - - 2009
Adrenomedullin (ADM) promotes epithelial cell proliferation and antimicrobial activity in the gastrointestinal tract. Since ADM is also present in saliva, it was the objective of our study to investigate the role of salivary ADM in the maintenance of oral health. We found mRNA for ADM and the specific receptors CRLR-RAMP2 ...
Ramiro-Fuentes S - - 2010
The extra-adrenal Zuckerkandl's paraganglion is used as a source of chromaffin cells for transplantation in parkinsonian animals. Aging can affect its viability, and this tissue needs further characterization for improving grafting procedures. The objectives were: (i) to compare the main morpho-functional characteristics of prepubertal and old Zuckerkandl's paraganglion (ZP), and ...
Fujita-Yoshigaki Junko - - 2009
Hyposecretion of saliva and consequent dry mouth lead to severe caries and periodontal disease. Therapeutic radiation for head and neck cancer and sialadenitis result in atrophy and fibrosis of salivary glands, but the mechanism is not clear. As a model for dysfunction of salivary glands, we examined the change of ...
Hayashi Moyuru - - 2009
Thyroglobulin is the precursor of the thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine and thyroxine. Because the molecular size of thyroglobulin is relatively large (660 kDa), it could have other additional functions besides serving as the precursor of the thyroid hormones. In this report, we examined the proliferative effects of thyroglobulins purified from bovine ...
McLaughlin Patricia J - - 2009
Carcinoma of the thyroid gland is an uncommon cancer, but the most frequent malignancy of the endocrine system. Most thyroid cancers are derived from the follicular cell. Follicular carcinoma (FTC) is considered more malignant than papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), and anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most lethal ...
Friedman Susan - - 2009
Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most lethal human malignancies. Its rapid onset and resistance to conventional therapeutics contribute to a mean survival of six months after diagnosis and make the identification of thyroid-cancer-initiating cells increasingly important. In prior studies of ATC cell lines, CD133(+) cells exhibited stem-cell-like ...
Lambert-Langlais Sarah S CNRS, UMR6247-Genetic, Reproduction & Development, Clermont University, Aubière, - - 2009
Prostaglandin F(2alpha) (PGF(2alpha)), represses ovarian steroidogenesis and initiates parturition in mammals but its impact on adrenal gland is unknown. Prostaglandins biosynthesis depends on the sequential action of upstream cyclooxygenases (COX) and terminal synthases but no PGF(2alpha) synthases (PGFS) were functionally identified in mammalian cells. In vitro, the most efficient mammalian ...
Isensee Jörg - - 2009
Multiple reports implicated the function of G protein-coupled receptor (GPR)-30 with nongenomic effects of estrogen, suggesting that GPR30 might be a G-protein coupled estrogen receptor. However, the findings are controversial and the expression pattern of GPR30 on a cell type level as well as its function in vivo remains unclear. ...
Colomer Claude - - 2008
To understand the mechanisms by which a prolonged exposure to stress enhances catecholamine secretion, we examined the effects of 5-day cold exposure on cell-cell communication pathways in the rat adrenal medulla. Upon stress, the neurosecretory tissue undergoes dramatic morphofunctional changes resulting in increased chromaffin cell excitability, upregulation of both chemical ...
Westerlund Jessica - - 2008
The LIM homeodomain transcription factor Isl1 was investigated in mouse thyroid organogenesis. All progenitor cells of the midline thyroid diverticulum and lateral primordia (ultimobranchial bodies) expressed Isl1. This pattern persisted until the growing anlagen fused at embryonic day (E) 13.5. In Isl1 null mutants thyroid progenitors expressing Nkx2.1 and Pax8 ...
Parlato Rosanna - - 2009
Glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) have been thought to determine the fate of chromaffin cells from sympathoadrenal progenitor cells. The analysis of mice carrying a germ line deletion of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene has challenged these previous results because the embryonic development of adrenal chromaffin cells is largely unaltered. In the ...
Cardoso Cibele C CC Department of Internal Medicine III, University Medical Center, University of Dresden, - - 2009
Adenomas and nodules of the human adrenal cortex are common, whereas adrenocortical carcinomas are rare. Genes such as IGF2 have been suggested to be important in human adrenocortical tumorigenesis but their role has not been directly investigated. We describe here elements of a system in which hypotheses concerning the molecular ...
Maritzen Tanja - - 2008
ClC-3 is an intracellular chloride transport protein known to reside on endosomes and synaptic vesicles. The endogenous protein has been notoriously difficult to detect in immunohistological experiments because of the lack of reliable antibodies. Using newly generated antibodies, we now examine its expression pattern at the cellular and subcellular level. ...
Dutta Sudeshna S Molecular and Cell Biology Program, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, - - 2008
Cell growth arrest and autophagy are required for autophagic cell death in Drosophila. Maintenance of growth by expression of either activated Ras, Dp110, or Akt is sufficient to inhibit autophagy and cell death in Drosophila salivary glands, but the mechanism that controls growth arrest is unknown. Although the Warts (Wts) ...
Douglas Shirley A - - 2008
Isolated adrenal medullary chromaffin cells maintained in culture have been widely used to study neurosecretory events. Many of these studies have been conducted using cells obtained from the bovine adrenal. In this study we have cultured chromaffin cells from an alternative large animal model, the deer, and have conducted the ...
Wagner Márcia Santos - - 2008
Thyroid hormone is a critical regulator of growth, development, and metabolism in virtually all tissues, and altered thyroid status affects many organs and systems. Although for many years testis has been regarded as a thyroid hormone unresponsive organ, it is now evident that thyroid hormone plays an important role in ...
Parmar Jeniel - - 2008
CONTEXT: The molecular mechanisms regulating adrenal steroidogenesis continue to be defined. The only current human adrenocortical cell line is the NCI-H295 and its substrains. One of the strains, H295R, has retained the ability to respond to angiotensin II (Ang II); however, it lacks ACTH responsiveness. An ACTH-responsive human adrenocortical model ...
Azevedo Rebeca Souza - - 2008
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the most common malignant salivary gland tumor, composed of several different cell types, with controversial histogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess the expression of cytokeratins in mucoepidermoid carcinoma, comparing to cytokeratin expression in normal salivary glands, in order to establish a possible correlation between ...
Botta Roberta - - 2009
The Vps10p family member sortilin is involved in various cell processes, including protein trafficking. Here we found that sortilin is expressed in thyroid epithelial cells (thyrocytes) in a TSH-dependent manner, that the hormone precursor thyroglobulin (Tg) is a high-affinity sortilin ligand, and that binding to sortilin occurs after Tg endocytosis, ...
Nunes P H - - 2008
This study examined salivary glands of unfed, partially engorged, and engorged females of the tick Amblyomma cajennense on rabbits at first infestation using histological and histochemical techniques. In type I acini, no significant changes were observed among the three feeding conditions. In type II acini of unfed females, c1, c2, ...
Takano Toru - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The relative expression level of trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) mRNA to galectin-3 (LGALS3) mRNA (T/G ratio) is a useful marker to distinguish thyroid follicular carcinomas from adenomas. However, because of the interference by the simultaneously aspirated peripheral blood cells or infiltrating lymphocytes, the precise measurement of the T/G ratio ...
Liu Dingxie - - 2008
We recently demonstrated inhibition of thyroid cancer cells by the MEK inhibitor CI-1040. The objective of this study was to use a potent new-generation MEK inhibitor PD0325901 to further investigate the therapeutic potential of specifically targeting MEK in the MAP kinase pathway for thyroid cancer. We examined the effects of ...
Miasaki F Y - - 2008
The treatment of both undifferentiated and de-differentiated thyroid tumors, which are unresponsive to radioiodine, represents one of the biggest challenges for thyroidologists. The aim of the present study was to investigate in vitro the methylation status of retinoic acid receptors (RAR)beta2 promoter and the effect of the demethylating agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine ...
Warner Jennifer D - - 2008
An organotypic slice preparation of the adult mouse parotid salivary gland amenable to a variety of optical assessments of fluid and protein secretion dynamics is described. The semi-intact preparation rendered without the use of enzymatic treatment permitted live-cell imaging and multiphoton analysis of cellular and supracellular signals. Toward this end ...
Jonsson Malin V - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the salivary and lacrimal glands. The aim of this study was to explore immunophenotypic features of chronic inflammatory reactions in the minor salivary glands in patients with primary SS (pSS). METHODS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded labial minor salivary gland tissue sections ...
Minicucci Eliana Maria - - 2008
Basal cell adenoma is an uncommon benign salivary gland neoplasm, presenting isomorphic basaloid cells with a prominent basal cell layer. Taking into account that basal cell adenomas represent 1% of all salivary gland tumors, being the majority of cases in the parotid glands, the goal of this paper is to ...
Zoukhri Driss D Department of General Dentistry, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 0211 , USA. - - 2008
The authors recently reported that a severe inflammatory response resulting in substantial loss of acinar cells was induced by a single injection of interleukin-1alpha into the lacrimal gland and that this effect was reversible. The purpose of the present study was to determine the mechanisms involved in lacrimal gland injury ...
Espindola Foued S - - 2008
Myosin-Va is a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-regulated unconventional myosin involved in the transport of vesicles, membranous organelles, and macromolecular complexes composed of proteins and mRNA. The cellular localization of myosin-Va has been described in great detail in several vertebrate cell types, including neurons, melanocytes, lymphocytes, auditory tissues, and a number of cultured cells. ...
Hayashi Toshiharu - - 2008
The changes of myoepithelial cells of sialoadenitis in submandibular glands in lupus-prone female NZB x NZWF1 (B/WF1) mice, a model for human secondary Sjögren's syndrome (sSS), were examined ultrastructurally. Inflammatory foci consisting of mainly lymphoid cells (lymphocytes and plasma cells) in the interlobular interstitium began to develop from 18 weeks ...
Itono, Hiroshi
Titanophora marianensis sp. nov. (Gigartinales) from Guam is distinguished from other previously known species of the genus by having leading axes that branch repeatedly and by the absence of gland cells.
Sala Elisa - - 2008
BRAF-activating mutations have been reported in several types of cancer, including melanoma ( approximately 70% of cases), thyroid (30-70%), ovarian (15-30%), and colorectal cancer (5-20%). Mutant BRAF has constitutive kinase activity and causes hyperactivation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway. BRAF silencing induces regression of melanoma xenografts, indicating the essential ...
Bullard Tara T Center for Oral Biology and Department of Biomedical Genetics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, - - 2008
Ascl3, also know as Sgn1, is a member of the mammalian achaete scute (Mash) gene family of transcription factors, which have been implicated in cell fate specification and differentiation. In the mouse salivary gland, expression of Ascl3 is restricted to a subset of duct cells. Salivary gland function depends on ...
Otis Mélissa - - 2008
The adrenal cortex undergoes constant dynamic structural changes, a key element in ensuring integrative functionality of the gland. Studies have shown that the cellular environment can modulate cell functions such as proliferation and steroid secretion. For example, 3-day treatment with angiotensin II promotes protein synthesis with a concomitant decrease in ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >