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Paramonova I - - 2010
The endothelium releases factors stimulating the adrenal cortex. It is also known that endothelin-1 (ET-1) promotes generation of cortisol and aldosterone, and proliferation of adrenocortical cells. The aim of the study was to find out whether the effect of the endothelium on adrenocortical cells is dominated by the action of ...
Park Jong-Hwan - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2011) 40: 187-193 Background:  Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling has been found to be closely associated with tumor development. The aim of this study was to examine whether activation of TLRs promote migration and invasion of salivary gland adenocarcinoma. Materials and Methods:  TLR expression in SGT and ...
Allen Robert A - - 2010
Transplantation of functional adrenal cortex cells could reduce morbidity and increase the quality of life of patients with adrenal insufficiency. Our aim was to determine whether adrenal extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds promote adrenocortical cell endocrine function and proliferation in vitro. We seeded decellularized porcine adrenal ECM with primary human fetal ...
Altmann Annette - - 2010
Dysregulation of histone acetylation associated with an up-regulation of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity is common in malignant tumours. Therefore, HDAC inhibitors were developed whose effects on proliferation and apoptosis have been shown in different tumour entities. Since non-iodide-concentrating thyroid carcinomas represent a therapeutic problem, this study addressed the effects of ...
Kober A K M H - - 2010
The present study investigated the cellular localization of 3 catecholamine biosynthetic enzymes, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH), and phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT) to identify and analyze the localization of norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) cells in the adrenal gland in the chicken using peroxidase-antiperoxidase immunohistochemical techniques. Tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity (IR) ...
Ihrler Stephan - - 2010
The pathogenesis of acinar enlargement in sialadenosis is obscure. As myoepithelial cells had been reported to show degenerative changes, we decided to investigate the possible role of functionally deficient myoepithelial cells in the development of sialadenosis. This study was a morphometric analysis of glands immunohistochemically stained for CK14, alpha-actin, and ...
Perry Steve F - - 2011
If severe enough, periods of acute stress in animals may be associated with the release of catecholamine hormones (noradrenaline and adrenaline) into the circulation; a response termed the acute humoral adrenergic stress response. The release of catecholamines from the sites of storage, the chromaffin cells, is under neuroendocrine control, the ...
Zheng Lingyan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the level of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 7, 8, and 9 in peripheral mononuclear blood cells (PMBCs) from patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) and whether TLR7 and 9 exist in the parotid glands of pSS patients. METHODS: TLR7, 8, and 9 ...
Cheng Shih-Ping - - 2010
Excess body weight is associated with a moderately increased risk of thyroid cancer. Adipocyte-derived hormone, leptin, has been shown to enhance cell growth and migration in many cancer types. Limited evidence suggests that leptin has direct actions on the thyroid gland, but there are no data available on the effect ...
Varin Marie-Michèle - - 2010
Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune epithelitis hallmarked by a destruction of epithelial cells, the subsequent lymphocytic infiltration of exocrine glands and their ensuing dryness. Given the prominent role currently assigned to B cells in SS, it is not surprising that the B cell activating factor belonging to the Tumor ...
Hua Shih-Che - - 2010
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer is the most common endocrine neoplasm worldwide. Although differentiated thyroid cancers are associated with a favorable survival, the prognosis worsens dramatically for patients with distant metastasis. Metastases from follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) occur earlier and are more aggressive than those from papillary thyroid carcinoma. For ...
Renshaw Andrew A - - 2010
Whether spray or immersion fixation results in higher adequacy rates for thyroid fine-needle aspiration is not known. I compared 1-year adequacy rates, number of cells, and atypia rates for immersion fixation with split spray fixation and immersion. Adequacy rates increased from 71.9% (289/402) for complete immersion to 78.1% (332/425) with ...
Love Sara A - - 2010
Using two of the most commonly synthesized noble metal nanoparticle preparations, citrate-reduced Au and Ag, the impacts of short-term accidental nanoparticle exposure are examined in primary culture murine adrenal medullary chromaffin cells. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) and Alamar Blue viability studies revealed that ...
Biedermann Thomas - - 2010
Eccrine sweat glands are generally considered to be a possible epidermal stem cell source. Here we compared the multilayered epithelia formed by epidermal keratinocytes and those formed by eccrine sweat gland cells. We demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo the capability of human eccrine sweat gland cells to form ...
Zoukhri Driss D Department of General Dentistry, Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2010
The non-keratinized epithelia of the ocular surface are constantly challenged by environmental insults, such as smoke, dust, and airborne pathogens. Tears are the sole physical protective barrier for the ocular surface. Production of tears in inadequate quantity or of inadequate quality results in constant irritation of the ocular surface, leading ...
Loreto C - - 2010
Salivary gland morphogenesis involves complex, coordinated events that include epithelial-mesenchymal interactions. Mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor (c-Met) is the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) receptor. The latter is a hepatotropic factor originally identified in rat serum and platelets. It is essential in fetal tissue development, where it regulates complex morphogenetic processes including extracellular ...
Nishimoto Koshiro - - 2010
CONTEXT: Aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) and steroid 11 beta-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) catalyze the terminal steps for aldosterone and cortisol syntheses, respectively, thereby determining the functional differentiation of human adrenocortical cells. Little is known, however, about how the cells expressing the enzymes are actually distributed in the adrenals under normal and pathological conditions. ...
Mete Ozgur - - 2010
Our understanding of oncocytic change in thyroid nodules is evaluated in light of the recent progress in understanding the mitochondrial DNA, its mutations, and somatic mutations that affect mitochondrial function. These changes are largely unrelated to the genetic events that result in proliferation and neoplastic transformation of thyroid follicular epithelial ...
Sebai Hichem - - 2010
Resveratrol, a polyphenol found in grapes, exhibits several beneficial health effects by its antioxidant, antiinflammatory, and chemopreventive properties. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of resveratrol on iodide trapping and efflux as well as its mode of action using FRTL-5 cells, having in mind the ...
Caroccia Brasilina - - 2010
We detected intense CD56 immunostaining in the zona glomerulosa (ZG) and medulla of the normal human adrenal gland and therefore identified CD56, the neural cell adhesion molecule, as a membrane antigen specific for the ZG, aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA), and chromaffin cells. The APA and pheochromocytoma cells, which are histogenetically derived ...
Gomez-Sanchez C E - - 2010
Primary Aldosteronism (PA) is a disorder of the adrenal zona glomerulosa (ZG) in which aldosterone secretion is increased and is relatively autonomous of normal regulatory mechanisms. A recent conference in Munich organized by Prof. Reincke addressed advances and challenges related to the screening, diagnosis, and identification of uni- and bilateral ...
Cotroneo Emanuele - - 2010
Rat submandibular gland can regenerate following ligation-induced atrophy, eventually recovering its normal morphology and function. Previous studies have suggested that the regeneration process implies both self-proliferation of existing acini and formation of new acinar cells. One hypothesis is that new acinar cells may differentiate from the ductal cells in a ...
Huang Chen-Che J - - 2010
The synthesis of microRNA (miRNA) is a multi-step process that requires the action of the ribonuclease Dicer1. Dicer1 is responsible for the final processing of miRNA and has been implicated in cellular processes such as proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. Mouse embryos lacking Dicer1 die in early embryogenesis. In this study, ...
Trakakis Eftihios - - 2010
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to deficiency of the enzyme 21-hydroxylase (21-OH) is distinguished in classical (C-CAH) and non-classical form (NC-CAH), and it is also one of the most common autosomal recessive inherited disorders in humans. The prevalence of C-CAH is between 1:10,000 and 1:15,000 among the live neonates of ...
Wells Kirsty L - - 2010
During salivary gland morphogenesis, the developing ducts and acini must hollow out to form lumina which will eventually allow the free passage and modification of saliva on its journey from acini to oral cavity. The molecular mechanisms that participate in the creation of this tubular structure are of great research ...
Bauerle Kevin T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) is constitutively activated in many cancers and plays a key role in promoting cell proliferation, survival, and invasion. Our understanding of NF-kappaB signaling in thyroid cancer, however, is limited. In this study, we have investigated the role of NF-kappaB signaling in thyroid cancer cell proliferation, invasion, ...
Jiang Ningyi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: If methods of differentiating stem cells into thyrocytes can be perfected, they may provide a ready source of normal thyrocytes for basic research and clinical application. We developed a novel culture method capable of differentiating mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells into thyroid follicular cells. METHODS: E14 mouse ES cells ...
Silver N - - 2010
Salivary gland atrophy is a common consequence of pathology, including Sjögren's syndrome, irradiation therapy and obstructive sialadenitis. During severe atrophy of the rat submandibular gland caused by excretory duct ligation, the majority of acinar cells disappear through apoptosis, whereas ductal cells proliferate and dedifferentiate; yet, the gland can survive in ...
Rajoria Shilpi S Department of Microbiology and Immunology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York 10595, - - 2010
Over 200 million people worldwide are affected by thyroid proliferative diseases, including cancer, adenoma, and goiter, annually. The incidences of thyroid malignancies are three to four times higher in women, suggesting the possible involvement of estrogen. Based on this observed sex bias, we hypothesize that estrogen modulates the growth and ...
Cardoso Cibele C CC Department of Internal Medicine III, University Medical Center, University of Dresden, - - 2010
Orthotopic cell transplantation models are important for a complete understanding of cell-cell interactions as well as tumor biology. In published studies of orthotopic transplantation in the mouse adrenal gland, human neuroblastoma cells have been shown to invade and occupy the adrenal, but in these investigations a true orthotopic model was ...
Cameselle-Teijeiro José - - 2011
Solid cell nests (SCNs) of the thyroid are single or multiple foci of solid and/or cystic clusters of squamoid cells (main cells) with a minor proportion of C-cells, found in the normal thyroid. The SCNs have also been reported in the heart as an ultimobranchial heterotopia. Here, the authors describe ...
Fagman Henrik - - 2010
Congenital hypothyroidism is mainly due to structural defects of the thyroid gland, collectively known as thyroid dysgenesis. The two most prevalent forms of this condition are abnormal localization of differentiated thyroid tissue (thyroid ectopia) and total absence of the gland (athyreosis). The clinical picture of thyroid dysgenesis suggests that impaired ...
Jakab Csaba - - 2009
Claudins are integral membrane proteins of the tight junction structures expressed by epithelial and endothelial cells. The present study has evaluated the expression of claudin-4 in 10 normal canine hepatoid glands and in 67 hepatoid glands with hyperplastic and neoplastic lesions. The lesions studied included normal hepatoid glands (n = ...
Volmer Christelle - - 2009
We report herein a feline salivary gland adenocarcinoma with widespread metastases to draining lymph nodes, liver and lung, as well as an unusual metastasis to the spleen. Histologically, the primary salivary gland tumor consisted of low columnar to polygonal epithelial cells forming tubules and trabeculae. The spleen was infiltrated with ...
Ronderos Jorge R - - 2009
Triatoma infestans, a blood-feeding insect, synchronises physiological mechanisms leading to moult with food intake. Since the corpora allata are important in moult and metamorphosis regulation, we have studied morphological changes in 4th instar nymphs (gland size, cell density, percent of animals showing mitoses and cell size). Changes were correlated with ...
Arauchi Ayumi - - 2009
For hormonal deficiency caused by endocrine organ diseases, continuous oral hormone administration is indispensable to supplement the shortage of hormones. In this study, as a more effective therapy, we have tried to reconstruct the three-dimensional thyroid tissue by the cell sheet technology, a novel tissue engineering approach. The cell suspension ...
Ikeda R - - 2009
In the mature rat parotid gland, myoepithelial cells (MEC) invest intercalated ducts, but not acini. During postnatal development, however, these cells differentiate around both intercalated ducts and acini, then translocate to only intercalated ducts during weaning. Previously, we found that thyroxine (T(4)) accelerates translocation of cells with small secretory granules ...
Redman R S - - 2009
The salivary glands often are severely and permanently damaged by therapeutic irradiation for cancer of the head and neck. The markedly reduced quantity and quality of saliva results in greatly increased susceptibility to dental caries and infection of the oral mucosa and alveolar bone. Recently, subcapsular injection of cultured mouse ...
de Diego Antonio M G - - 2010
The ability of adrenal chromaffin cells to fast-release catecholamines relies on their capacity to fire action potentials (APs). However, little attention has been paid to the requirements needed to evoke the controlled firing of APs. Few data are available in rodents and none on the bovine chromaffin cell, a model ...
Vuković S - - 2010
The structure of the adrenal gland was studied in 11 bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), and five striped dolphins (Stenella coeruleoalba). These species are legally protected in Croatia. All examined animals died of natural causes and were found stranded along eastern Adriatic coast. In both species the adrenal gland consists of ...
Salerno Paolo - - 2010
The V600E mutation accounts for the vast majority of thyroid carcinoma-associated BRAF mutations. The aim was to study the effects of the two BRAF V600E ATP-competitive kinase inhibitors, PLX4032 and PLX4720, in thyroid carcinoma cell lines. We examined the activity of PLX4032 and PLX4720 in thyroid carcinoma cell lines harboring ...
Keattikunpairoj Sunisa - - 2009
The submandibular gland (SMG) of mice shows a marked sexual dimorphism in which a duct portion called the granular convoluted tubule (GCT) is developed preferentially in males during puberty. The administration of testosterone to female mice causes the conversion of striated duct (SD) cells into GCT cells, but the underlying ...
Grozinsky-Glasberg Simona - - 2010
Over-expression of the proto-oncogene Akt/PKB has been demonstrated in some neuroendocrine tumor models. Akt may activate downstream proteins such as mTOR and p70S6K, inducing tumor proliferation. The rapamycin-derivative RAD001, everolimus, interacts with this pathway by antagonizing mTOR, but its effects on neuroendocrine tumors are largely unknown. We explored the mechanism ...
Verga Falzacappa Cecilia - - 2009
Numerous evidences indicate that thyroid hormones exert an important role in the regulation of the reproductive system in the adult female. Although a clear demonstration of the thyroid-ovarian interaction is still lacking, it is conceivable that thyroid hormones might have a direct role in ovarian physiology via receptors in granulosa ...
Chen Min-Huey - - 2009
Tissue engineering of salivary glands offers the potential for future use in the treatment of patients with salivary hypofunction. Biocompatible materials that promote acinar cell aggregation and function in vitro are an essential part of salivary gland tissue engineering. In this study, rat parotid acinar cells assembled into three-dimensional aggregates ...
Kress Elsa - - 2009
Amphibian metamorphosis perfectly illustrates a key paradox: thyroid hormones control diverse cellular processes depending on the tissue context. This point is also reinforced by a recent accumulation of evidence. For example, thyroid hormones and their nuclear receptor TRs have been described to function in different systems in synergy and/or in ...
Oudhoff M J - - 2009
The role of human saliva in oral wound-healing has never been fully elucidated. We previously demonstrated that parotid-salivary histatins enhance in vitro wound closure. The question remains whether other salivary-gland secretions enhance wound closure, and also the effects of histatins on primary and non-oral cells. Since the presence of histatins ...
Liu Dingxie D Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, - - 2009
We investigated the genotype-dependent therapeutic potential of targeting the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway for thyroid cancer. Proliferation of TPC1, Hth7, FTC133, OCUT1, K1, and BCPAP cells that harbored PI3K/Akt-activating genetic alterations was potently inhibited by the Akt inhibitor perifosine, whereas SW1736, Hth74, WRO, KAT18, and TAD2 cells that harbored no ...
McDonald David O - - 2009
Thyroid peroxidase (TPO) is the key enzyme in thyroid hormone production and a universal autoantigen in Graves' and other autoimmune thyroid diseases. We wished to explore the expression of TPO and whether it was affected by thionamide antithyroid drugs. We studied recombinant TPO, stably expressed by a Chinese hamster ovary ...
Prante Olaf - - 2009
Dedifferentiation of thyroid carcinoma is accompanied by increased accumulation of the PET tracer (18)F-FDG. The molecular mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon are poorly understood. Therefore, we studied the regulation of (18)F-FDG uptake by the human follicular thyroid carcinoma cell line ML-1 and the as-yet-unknown oncogene expression of that cell line. ...
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