Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1622
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Wotus C - - 1998
The adult rat adrenal cortex is comprised of three concentric steroidogenic zones that are morphologically and functionally distinguishable: the zona glomerulosa, zona intermedia, and the zona fasciculata/reticularis. Expression of the zone-specific steroidogenic enzymes, cytochrome P450 aldosterone synthase (P450aldo), and P450 11beta hydroxylase (P45011beta), produced by the zona glomerulosa and zona ...
Nakamura H - - 1998
Apoptosis is a type of cell death that occurs during morphogenesis and development of the immune system. One of the mechanisms is mediated through the Fas and Fas ligand (FasL) pathway. To determine the possible involvement of Fas and its ligand in salivary gland destruction, we analysed the appearance of ...
Sozmen M - - 1998
Immunohistochemical staining, with a monoclonal antibody specific for cytokeratins 5, 6, 8, 17 and 19 of dog submandibular, sublingual, parotid, palatine, tongue and zygomatic salivary glands resulted in staining of myoepithelial cells, duct epithelial cells (including intercalated, striated and secretory ducts) and some acinar epithelial cells. Differences in acinar staining ...
Braiden V - - 1998
To develop gene therapy targeting thyroid carcinoma, the recombinant retrovirus (LNTGTK) carrying herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) gene under the control of thyroglobulin (TG) promoter was constructed and its efficacy was investigated in 3 thyroid cell lines; a differentiated normal rat thyroid cell line (FRTL5), malignant rat thyroid carcinoma ...
Chamoux E - - 1998
ACTH is a well-known stimulus of human adrenal cells, both in the adult and in the fetus. Two other stimuli, acting via the cAMP pathway, are also involved in the regulation of steroidogenesis and growth of the adult gland, the Pituitary Adenylate Cyclase Activating Peptide (PACAP) and the Vasoactive Intestinal ...
Mathieu M N - - 1998
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is involved in adrenal steroid secretion but its cell origin remains unclear. We showed, using RT-PCR the expression of the mRNAs for preproET-1 and ECE-1 in primary cultures of human adrenal cells enriched in glomerulosa cells. Since these expressions could be due to contamination of steroid secreting cells ...
Kusafuka K - - 1998
Basic and acidic fibroblast growth factors (bFGF and aFGF) are heparin-binding growth factors, and promote fibrogenesis and angiogenesis. We investigated the immunohistochemical localization of bFGFE, aFGF, and FGF receptor-1 in pleomorphic adenomas. In the normal salivary glands, bFGF was localized in the basement membranes of intercalated ducts, acini and basal ...
Turner J T - - 1998
Because of the lack of salivary gland cell lines suitable for Ussing chamber studies, a recently established rat parotid acinar cell line, Par-C10, was grown on permeable supports and evaluated for development of transcellular resistance, polarization, and changes in short-circuit current (Isc) in response to relevant receptor agonists. Par-C10 cultures ...
Uhlmann K - - 1998
We have investigated the effects of supraphysiological concentrations of catecholamines on glucocorticoid secretion in vitro. These effects were analyzed in adrenocortical cells shown to be present in chromaffin cell cultures as well as in cortical cells cocultured with transfected chromaffin cells that overproduce catecholamines. Cortisol release from residual cortical cells ...
Nagato T - - 1998
In addition to seromucous cells and a few mucous cells (Type II cells), submandibular glands of 2-8 month old rats contain two additional cell types: type III and type IV. Type III cells contain serous-type secretory granules that sometimes have a complex substructure; type IV cells appear to be seromucous, ...
Hornsby P J - - 1998
We have established a mouse model for the growth and function of bovine and human adrenocortical cells in immunodeficient animals. We used the technique of cell transplantation, in which dispersed cells are introduced into an appropriate host in vivo to form a functional tissue. The ability to regenerate vascularized tissue, ...
Okamoto M - - 1998
The three zones of adrenal cortex are thought to arise from a single multipotential stem cell. Immunohistochemical studies of fetal and adult adrenals using an antibody against a previously-cloned ZOG protein, a rat homolog of Pref-1, were conducted to explore its roles in the differentiation of cortical tissues. At the ...
Wolkersdörfer G W - - 1998
Adaptation of the adrenal gland to the demands of the organism is regulated functionally and structurally. Three common hypotheses on zonation in the adrenal gland, the migrational, zonal, and transformation field theories, try independently to reconcile the findings on structure, proliferation, and cell death. The classical theories on zonation are ...
Carvajal J C - - 1998
To establish a possible correlation between the rate of cellular proliferation and already documented functional and morphological characteristics of the rat pineal gland during postnatal development, the bromodeoxyuridine labelling method was used to evaluate the fraction of cells at the S phase of the cell cycle in paraffin sections from ...
Tasevski V - - 1998
The FRTL-5 cell line is a stable thyroid cell line derived from the thyroid gland of the Fischer rat under defined culture conditions, which has been widely adopted as a model system for the study of thyroid cell function and for bioassay. While characterizing by flow cytometry FRTL-5 cells that ...
Halder S K - - 1998
The three zones of adrenal cortex are thought to arise from a single multipotential stem cell, but the mechanisms underlying the zonal differentiation during embryonic development of adrenal cortex are poorly understood. Employing subtraction cloning strategy, we isolated three distinct clones that were specifically expressed in the rat glomerulosa zone. ...
Shepherd S P - - 1998
Phylogenetic, physiological and morphological evidence indicates that interactions between chromaffin and adrenocortical cells are involved in the differentiation and maintenance of function of both cell types. Chromaffin-adrenocortical interaction has become recognized as an important component of adrenocortical regulation; however, the mechanisms by which chromaffin cells modulate adrenocortical function are not ...
Hardy G - - 1998
The presence of myoepithelial cells in salivary glands is of importance with regard to tumour histogenesis, yet there is no consensus in the literature as to the specific location of these cells. A major problem has been the methods of precise identification of myoepithelium at the light microscopic level. The ...
Wang S M - - 1998
Cordyceps sinensis contains a factor that stimulates corticosteroid production in the animal model. However, it is not known whether this drug acts directly on the adrenal glands or indirectly via the hypothalamus-pituitary axis. In the present study, we used primary rat adrenal cell cultures to investigate the pharmacological function of ...
Ishizuya-Oka A - - 1998
It is generally known that the anuran stomach begins to express pepsinogens (Pg) during metamorphosis. To clarify the mechanisms of differentiation of Pg-producing cells, we examined immunohistochemically the epithelial transformation from larval to adult form in Xenopus laevis stomach at the cellular level. At the beginning of metamorphic climax, concomitantly ...
Ghahary A - - 1998
The migration of epithelial cells from dermal appendages toward the wound surface is essential for re-epithelialization of partial thickness burn injuries. This study provides evidence that these cells in vivo synthesize a mitogenic and fibrogenic factor, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), which may promote the development of the post-burn fibroproliferative disorder, ...
Botitsi E - - 1998
The metabolism of platelet-activating factor (PAF, 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) and lyso-PAF (1-O-alkyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) was investigated in FRTL5 cells, a normal rat thyroid cell line. FRTL5 cells incorporated [3H]PAF and deacetylated this compound to the corresponding [3H]lyso-PAF which was not accumulated or secreted but converted mainly to alkyl-acyl-phosphocholine indicating that this acylation process was ...
Ohmori Y - - 1998
The present article reviews the immunohistochemical findings on the localization of biogenic amines and neuropeptides in adrenal medullary cells of birds. In the chicken, about 70% of medullary cells are adrenaline-containing cells and the rest of cells seem to be noradrenaline-containing cells. The ratio of adrenaline-cells to noradrenaline-cells extremely varies ...
Lima M A - - 1998
The objective of the present investigation was to study quantitatively C cells in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) by analyzing 22 thyroids obtained at autopsy or thyroidectomy from 16 patients with thyroiditis and from 6 normal subjects. Six different areas were sampled on average and labeled with a monoclonal anticalcitonin antibody by ...
Feige J J - - 1998
The extracellular matrix (ECM) strongly contributes to the regulation of cell proliferation and cell differentiation, and thereby of embryonic development and adult tissue homeostasis. We review here the ongoing characterization of the structure and functions of the extracellular matrix components secreted by adrenocortical cells and discuss their possible implication in ...
Langlois D - - 1998
Three main criteria are required to postulate that a factor has an autocrine action in any cell: presence of receptors and biological effects of the factor; local production which must be regulated by physiological signals and the inhibition of its secretion or action should cause effects opposite to those caused ...
Ehrhart-Bornstein M - - 1998
Recent data suggest that adrenocortical cells under pathological as well as under physiological conditions show neuroendocrine properties. Within the normal adrenal, this neuroendocrine differentiation seems to be restricted to cells of the zona glomerulosa and might be important for an autocrine regulation of adrenocortical function. In addition, such neuroendocrine differentiation ...
Gao F B - - 1998
During vertebrate development many types of precursor cells divide a limited number of times before they stop dividing and terminally differentiate. It is unclear what causes the cells to stop dividing when they do. We have been studying this problem in the oligodendrocyte cell lineage, which is responsible for myelination ...
Mansouri A - - 1998
The thyroid gland develops from two distinct embryonic lineages: follicular cells (which produce thyroxine) and parafollicular C-cells (which produce calcitonin) are of endodermal and neural crest origin, respectively. Little is known about the molecular mechanisms governing the generation of these different cell types. Mice lacking the transcription factor Ttf1 lack ...
Décosterd I - - 1998
Intrathecal implants of adrenal chromaffin cells are known to release analgesic substances such as catecholamines and opioid peptides. In the present study, bovine chromaffin cells were encapsulated in a permselective polymer membrane which protects the cells from the host immune system and allows grafting of xenogeneic cells without immunosuppression. The ...
Barbara J G - - 1998
Thin slices (200-300 microm) of adrenal glands were prepared from Wistar rats. Patch-clamp recordings were made from visually identified chromaffin cells using the whole-cell and amphotericin B perforated-patch techniques. Electrophysiological properties of chromaffin cells in slices were similar to those in cultured cells. Catecholamine release from single chromaffin cells or ...
Soltoff S P - - 1998
We developed and characterized an immortalized rat parotid cell line to use in salivary gland studies. The cells were immortalized by retroviral transduction of SV40 large T antigen into isolated parotid cells. Using immunocytochemical techniques, we found that the immortalized epithelial cells were ductal, rather than acinar, in nature. Cells ...
Martín-Belmonte F - - 1998
The MAL proteolipid, an integral membrane protein expressed in T lymphocytes, polarized epithelial MDCK cells, and myelin-forming cells, has been identified as a component of internal glycolipid-enriched membrane (GEM) microdomains. On the basis of its ability to induce vesicle formation by ectopic expression, MAL has been recently proposed as a ...
Sato T - - 1998
The detailed distribution and heterogeneity of various immunocompetent cells were characterized in the normal adrenal gland of the rat, with special emphasis on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II-expressing cells and macrophages. All adrenals contained at least two different populations of cells reactive with the dendritic cell or the macrophage ...
Kawaminami M - - 1998
Annexin 5, a unique calcium- and phospholipid-binding protein, has been investigated for its specific distribution in rat endocrine organs by immunocytochemistry with a specific antiserum to recombinant rat annexin 5. Follicular epithelial cells and parafollicular cells of the thyroid gland, adrenocortical cells of the zona fasciculata and zona reticularis, luteal ...
Szymanski Z - - 1998
The aim of this study was to answer the question whether gonadotropins are able to stimulate the synthesis of delta4 gestagens and androgens in adrenals by the same way as in gonads. Adrenal cells of male guinea pigs (n=12) and adrenocortical cells of sows (n=2) were isolated with collagenase 1A ...
Parfitt A M - - 1998
In previous studies, the birth rate of new cells in parathyroid adenomas measured at the time of surgical excision was shown to be much too low to account for growth of the tumors from a single cell in the time available, but comparison with normal rates was not possible. We ...
Pietrzik C U - - 1998
In various species, thyrotropin (TSH) is known to stimulate both differentiation and proliferation of thyroid follicle cells. This cell type has also been shown to express members of the Alzheimer amyloid precursor (APP) protein family and to release the secretory N-terminal domain of APP (sAPP) in a TSH-dependent fashion. In ...
Hwang O - - 1998
The first and rate-limiting enzyme in tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) biosynthesis is GTP cyclohydrolase (GTPCH). BH4 serves as the essential cofactor for aromatic L-amino acid hydroxylases, such as tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), as well as for nitric oxide synthase (NOS). We hypothesized that to provide access to the cofactor, ...
Kanthan R - - 1998
Twenty-five cases of thyroid adenomas with Hurthle cell changes, both pure and focal, were studied histologically and immunohistochemically with two objectives: first to elucidate the relationship between the normal uninvolved thyroid and the adenoma; and second, to evaluate the role of immunohistochemical studies in adenomas with Hurthle cell changes. Representative ...
Haidan A - - 1998
Historically, catecholamine-producing chromaffin cells and steroid-producing adrenocortical cells have been regarded as two independent endocrine systems that are united under a common capsule to form the adrenal gland. There is increasing evidence for bidirectional interactions, with regulatory influences of adrenocortical secretory products on adrenomedullary functions and vice versa. However, the ...
Andersen L - - 1998
Cells from 7 patients operated on for thyroid cancer were investigated. Samples of cells from the carcinoma and from the normal thyroid tissue were cultured with and without TSH stimulation. For light microscopy, serial sections of cells were cut and the size of nucleoli was measured and the number of ...
Kammouni W - - 1997
Human tracheal gland (HTG) serous cells are now believed to play a major role in the physiopathology of cystic fibrosis. Because of the persistent inflammation and the specific infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa in the lung, we looked for the action of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of this bacteria on human tracheal ...
Antonipillai I - - 1997
Ouabain can block the action of angiotensin II (AII on aldosterone secretion in both rat and human adrenal tissue although its action is much more potent on human zona glomerulosa cells (ZG). Since magnesium can antagonize digitalis action in vivo, we have examined the interaction of both agents on aldosterone ...
Takiyama Y - - 1997
Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the thyroid is the sine qua non in the preoperative evaluation of thyroid nodules. Despite this, cytological examination of FNA cannot differentiate malignant from benign Hürthle cell neoplasms. We have previously shown that Hürthle cell carcinomas harbor more genetic alterations on chromosomal arms 1q and 2p ...
Kusumoto Y - - 1997
The vitamin A uptake cells in the anterior pituitary, thyroid gland, and pancreas of Japanese quails, coturnix coturnix japonica, were examined by the use of Sudan III staining, toluidine blue staining, fluorescence microscopy and electron microscopy. After excess vitamin A administration, most of interstitial cells, corresponding to fibroblasts, increased markedly ...
Fiore L - - 1997
A human anaplastic thyroid cancer cell line FB-1, derived from a 68-yr-old woman who underwent surgery for anaplastic thyroid cancer, has been established. The spindlelike cells have been proliferating stably for more than 2 yr. Karyotype analysis shows many abnormalities and many marker chromosomes have been observed. Heterotransplant of FB-1 ...
Barka T - - 1997
A retroviral vector DAP that encodes the human placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) and the neomycin-resistant gene was used to transduce the salivary gland-derived cell line A5 in vitro and acinar cells in rat submandibular gland in vivo. Expression of the transduced PLAP gene was established by histochemical staining for heat-resistant ...
Tong W - - 1997
The secretion of catecholamines from individual bovine adrenal medullary cells was quantitatively monitored by capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced native fluorescence detection. By using a physiological balanced-salt solution as the running buffer for CE, the amount of norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (E) secreted by their physiological secretagogue, acetylcholine, and the amount ...
Słowińska-Klencka D - - 1997
We have previously reported that there is a significant difference in the mean size of thyrocyte nuclei among patients with nodular goiter, follicular adenoma, and follicular carcinoma. In the present study, we have examined karyometric parameters of Hürthle cells in smears collected from 41 patients with Hürthle cells adenomas, Hürthle ...
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