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Sinclair J A - - 2009
The preparation of hepatocytes using the two-stage perfusion technique usually involves the use of collagenase (CII) alone or in combination with dispase (C/D) or trypsin inhibitor (CA/TI) as digestion enzymes. The effect of CII, C/D and CA/TI on cell viability, yield, cytochrome P450 mediated oxidation of testosterone, glucuronidation and sulfation ...
Zhao Shulin - - 2009
This work describes the first application of microchip electrophoresis with chemiluminescence detection (MCE-CL) in single cell analysis. Human red blood cells were assayed to determine intracellular content of glutathione (GSH). Intracellular GSH was first labeled by incubating cells with diazo-luminol, and then individual cells were injected, in-line lysed, and MCE ...
Qin Yong - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are constantly generated and eliminated in the biological system and play important roles in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Previous studies indicate that modulation of cellular ROS affects cell proliferation. Thymosin alpha 1 (Talpha1) is a naturally occurring thymic peptide and has previously been ...
Lindsay Cory R - - 2009
The intracellular translocation of Daxx to the cytoplasm is a phenomenon often attributed to cells undergoing stress, opposite to predominant nuclear localization of this protein under normal homeostatic conditions. Moreover, a number of reports have suggested that export to the cytosol upon several stress conditions, including oxidative stress, glucose deprivation ...
Kolb Dagmar - - 2010
Plants cope with cadmium (Cd) stress by complexation with phytochelatins (Pc), metallothioneins and glutathione and sequestration within vacuoles. Especially glutathione was found to play a major role in Cd detoxification as Cd shows a high binding affinity towards thiols and as glutathione is a precursor for Pc synthesis. In the ...
Rubio Noemi - - 2009
Cells subjected to various forms of stress have been shown to induce bystander responses in nontargeted cells, thus extending the stress response to a larger population. However, the mechanism(s) of bystander responses remains to be clearly identified, particularly for photodynamic stress. Oxidative stress and cell viability were studied on the ...
Marqués-Gallego Patricia - - 2009
A new fluorescent platinum(II) compound containing the N,N'-bis-(anthracen-9-ylmethyl)propane-1,3-diamine as a carrier ligand has been designed, synthesized and characterized. High cytotoxic activity of cis-[Pt(bapda)Cl2] is observed in A2780 and A2780R cells (human ovarian carcinoma sensitive and cisplatin-resistant, respectively). Nevertheless, cross-resistance to platinum from cis-[Pt(bapda)Cl2] in the A2780R cells was found. To ...
Steinritz D - - 2009
Sulphur mustard (SM) is a chemical warfare agent that causes erythema and blistering of the skin with a latency of several hours. Although SM is known for almost 200 years the cellular mechanisms involved in the damaging process are not fully understood. There is evidence that changes in nitric oxide ...
Martino Luisa - - 2009
Oxidative stress has been proposed as a mechanism of the toxicity of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). The aim of this research was to evaluate the protective effects of increased intracellular ascorbate levels against TCDD acute toxicity in the insulin-secreting beta-cell line INS-1E. Ascorbate is considered a potent antioxidant, but its therapeutic efficacy ...
Wang Fen - - 2009
In order to elucidate the nanoparticle-induced cytotoxicity and its mechanism, the effects of 20 and 50 nm silica nanoparticles on cultured human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells were investigated. Cell viability, mitochondrial function, cell morphology, reactive oxygen species (ROS), glutathione (GSH), thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), cell cycle and apoptosis were ...
Gonzalez-Mendoza Daniel - - 2009
The effect of heavy metal stress on the cell viability and leakage of electrolytes of Avicennia germinans leaf discs was investigated by the tissue tolerance test. Foliar discs were incubated with different Cd2+ or CU2+ concentrations for 24 h; thereafter, the cell membrane stability of the tissue was assayed by ...
Miranda Cristobal L CL Linus Pauling Institute and the Departments of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Statistics, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, - - 2009
4-Hydroxy-2(E)-nonenal (HNE), a reactive aldehyde derived from oxidized lipids, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and neurological diseases, in part by its ability to induce oxidative stress and by protein carbonylation in target cells. The effects of intracellular ascorbic acid (vitamin C) on HNE-induced cytotoxicity and protein carbonylation ...
Inumaru Junko - - 2009
Oxidative stress is regarded as a causative factor in aging and various degenerative diseases. Here, we show the mechanism by which oxidative stress induces disruption of cell-cell junctions using retinal pigment epithelial cells. We demonstrated that reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated activation of Src kinase increases the tyrosine phosphorylation state of ...
Mi Zhiping - - 2009
Our previous studies demonstrated that p75NTR confers protection against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis upon PC12 cells; however, the mechanisms responsible for this effect are not known. The present studies reveal decreased mitochondrion membrane potential and increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in p75NTR-deficient PC12 cells as well as diminution of ...
Calandria Jorgelina M JM Neuroscience Center of Excellence, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112, - - 2009
The integrity of the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell is essential for the survival of rod and cone photoreceptor cells. Several stressors, including reactive oxygen species, trigger apoptotic damage in RPE cells preceded by an anti-inflammatory, pro-survival response, the formation of neuroprotectin D1 (NPD1), an oxygenation product derived from the ...
den Besten Heidy M W - - 2009
Bacteria are able to cope with the challenges of a sudden increase in salinity by activating adaptation mechanisms. In this study, exponentially growing cells of the pathogen Bacillus cereus ATCC 14579 were exposed to both mild (2.5% [wt/vol] NaCl) and severe (5% [wt/vol] NaCl) salt stress conditions. B. cereus continued ...
Oh Yun-Mi - - 2009
Conditions that cause endoplasmic reticulum malfunction (ER stress) play a key role in the development of various human diseases including neurodegenerative diseases. Carnosine is an endogenous peptide, present in excitable tissues such as brain and skeletal muscle. Although there are reports suggesting that carnosine has a biological role independent of ...
Cabello Christopher M CM Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona, 1515 North Campbell Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85724, - - 2009
Altered redox homeostasis involved in the control of cancer cell survival and proliferative signaling represents a chemical vulnerability that can be targeted by prooxidant redox intervention. Here, we demonstrate that the redox dye 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol (DCPIP) may serve as a prooxidant chemotherapeutic targeting human melanoma cells in vitro and in vivo. ...
Wang Wen - - 2009
Oxidative stress-induced cell damage has been implicated in a variety of neurodegenerative disorders. Morroniside, an iridorid glycoside isolated from Cornus officinalis Sieb. Et Zucc., has shown potent antioxidant properties. The present study investigated the protective actions of morroniside against the cytotoxicity produced by exposure to H(2)O(2) (300-500 microM) in SH-SY5Y ...
Park H-A HA Department of Surgery, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2009
Oxidized glutathione (GSSG) is commonly viewed as a byproduct of GSH metabolism. The pathophysiological significance of GSSG per se remains poorly understood. Adopting a microinjection approach to isolate GSSG elevation within the cell, this work identifies that GSSG can trigger neural HT4 cell death via a 12-lipoxygenase (12-Lox)-dependent mechanism. In ...
Nguyen A - - 2009
Mammalian Stanniocalcin-1 (STC1) is a glycoprotein that has been implicated in various biological processes including angiogenesis. Aberrant STC1 expression has been reported in breast, ovarian and prostate cancers, but the significance of this is not well understood. Here, we report that oxidative stress caused a 40-fold increase in STC1 levels ...
Young, Julie
Background Increasing evidence indicates that oxidative injury exists in schizophrenia. Although it may not be the main cause, oxidative damage has been suggested to contribute to the pathophysiology and may account for deteriorating course and poor outcome in schizophrenia. There is increasing interest in the neuroprotective efficacy of antioxidants in ...
Jos A - - 2009
Reduced glutathione (GSH) protects cells against injury by oxidative stress and maintains a range of vital functions. In vitro cell cultures have been used as experimental models to study the role of GSH in chemical toxicity in mammals; however, this approach has been rarely used with fish cells to date. ...
Kunwar Amit - - 2009
The present study was designed to test a hypothesis that curcumin may be modulating oxidative stress parameters including reactive oxygen species, non-protein thiols and expression of antioxidant genes in a concentration and time dependent manner in exhibiting cytotoxic effects in macrophage cell line RAW 264.7. The results have shown that ...
Nakajima Yoshimi - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate whether zeaxanthin, the predominant carotenoid pigment of the macular pigments in human retina, provides neuroprotection against retinal cell damage. METHODS: We used in vitro cultured retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), specifically RGC-5, an E1A virus-transformed rat cell line. Cell damage was induced either by a 24-hr exposure to ...
Itoh Tomohiro - - 2009
A sesquiterpene lactone, eupalinin A, found in Eupatorium chinense L., exhibited a marked inhibitory effect on cell growth in HL60 cells. In a previous study, it was indicated that the intracellular ROS generation accompanying mitochondrial dysfunction was closely related to the autophagic cell death induced by the treatment with eupalinin ...
Thangjam G S - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Arecoline, an arecanut alkaloid present in the saliva of betel quid chewers, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a variety of inflammatory oral diseases, including oral submucous fibrosis and periodontitis. To understand the molecular basis of arecoline action in epithelial changes associated with these diseases, we ...
Suh Kwang Sik - - 2009
Reducing sugar, 2-deoxy-D-ribose (dRib), produces reactive oxygen species through autoxidation and protein glycosylation and causes osteoblast dysfunction. Kaempferol, a natural flavonoid, was investigated to determine whether it could influence dRib-induced cellular dysfunction and oxidative cell damage in the MC3T3-E1 mouse osteoblastic cell line. Osteoblastic cells were treated with 30 mM ...
Miki Yuichi - - 2009
The mechanism of macrophage recognition of oxidatively damaged cells was investigated. Jurkat T cells exposed to various concentrations of H(2)O(2) were bound and phagocytosed by macrophages. The cells exposed to 0.1 mM H(2)O(2) were best bound. The cell-surface ligands recognized by macrophages were suggested to be sialylpolylactosaminyl sugar chains of ...
Kuppusamy U R - - 2009
Lentinula edodes (Berk) Pegler, commonly known as Shiitake mushroom has been used as medicinal food in Asian countries, especially in China and Japan and is believed to possess strong immunomodulatory property. In the present study, the methanolic extract of the fruit bodies of L. edodes was investigated for cytoprotective effect ...
Cleveland Beth M - - 2009
Humans, birds, and some primates do not express the uric acid degrading enzyme urate oxidase (UOX) and, as a result, have plasma uric acid concentrations higher than UOX expressing animals. Although high uric acid concentrations are suggested to increase the antioxidant defense system and provide a health advantage to animals ...
Vad Nikhil M NM Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 1300 S Coulter Drive, Amarillo, Texas 79106, - - 2009
In this work, we investigated the biochemical mechanism of acetaminophen (APAP) induced toxicity in SK-MEL-28 melanoma cells using tyrosinase enzyme as a molecular cancer therapeutic target. Our results showed that APAP was metabolized 87% by tyrosinase at 2 h incubation. AA and NADH, quinone reducing agents, were significantly depleted during ...
Vittorio Orazio - - 2009
There are conflicting data concerning the safety and biocompatibility of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). In some reports CNTs have been used for gene delivery without significant toxicity, whereas in others various cytotoxic effects were observed, including induction of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), DNA damage, and apoptosis. Although it is clear ...
Thompson Debrah M - - 2009
The cellular response to stress conditions involves a decision between survival or cell death when damage is severe. A conserved stress response in eukaryotes involves endonucleolytic cleavage of transfer RNAs (tRNAs). The mechanism and significance of such tRNA cleavage is unknown. We show that in yeast, tRNAs are cleaved by ...
Nagano-Ito Michiyo - - 2009
We used retroviral-mediated expression cloning to identify cDNAs that inhibit cell death induced by oxidative stress. To isolate the genes, we introduced a murine embryonic retroviral cDNA library into NIH/3T3 cells, and selected for cells resistant to hydrogen peroxide. The surviving cells were cloned, and the integrated cDNAs were rescued ...
Pellny Till K - - 2009
Pyridine nucleotides, ascorbate and glutathione are major redox metabolites in plant cells, with specific roles in cellular redox homeostasis and the regulation of the cell cycle. However, the regulation of these metabolite pools during exponential growth and their precise functions in the cell cycle remain to be characterized. The present ...
Pavlica Sanja - - 2009
Currently much attention has been given to the neurotoxicity of zinc, yet little is known about the influence of the counterions present. Therefore, we investigated the influence of different Zn(2+)-salts (concentrations range 0.05-0.3 mM) on cell viability, ATP and glutathione concentration and caspase activation in differentiated PC12 cells as a ...
Gáspár Tamás T Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Blvd, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. - - 2009
Reduced availability of reactive oxygen species is a key component of neuroprotection against various toxic stimuli. Recently we showed that the hydrogen peroxide scavenger catalase plays a central role in delayed preconditioning induced by the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener BMS-191095. The purpose of the experiments discussed here was to ...
Vulimiri Suryanarayana V - - 2009
Metabolomics is a technology for identifying and quantifying numerous biochemicals across metabolic pathways. Using this approach, we explored changes in biochemical profiles of human alveolar epithelial carcinoma (A549) cells following in vitro exposure to mainstream whole smoke (WS) aerosol as well as to wet total particulate matter (WTPM) or gas/vapor ...
Kim Se-Jin - - 2009
Ebselen, an organoselenium compound that acts as a glutathione peroxidase mimetic, has been demonstrated to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this effect is not fully understood in auditory cells. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the protective effect of ebselen against cisplatin-induced ...
Usta Julnar - - 2009
Coriander is used as an appetizer, a common food seasoning in Mediterranean dishes, and a remedy for many ailments. In this study we tested the biochemical effect of its essential oil components, in particular linalool, its main component. The oil extract was prepared by hydro-distillation of coriander seeds. The various ...
Chang Wei-Hsiu - - 2009
Machado-Joseph disease is an autosomal dominant spinocerebellar degeneration caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract within the gene product, ataxin-3. We have previously shown that increased oxidative stress and decreased expression of Hsp27 may be contributory factors to the disease progression. In this study, we utilized neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells ...
Foster Jamie S - - 2009
In the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803, the mrgA gene is part of the PerR regulon that is upregulated during peroxide stress. We determined that an DeltamrgA mutant was highly sensitive to low peroxide levels and that the mutant upregulated a gene cluster (sll1722-26) that encoded enzymes involved with ...
Yanagida Takashi - - 2009
Although a loss-of-function type mutation was identified in familial Parkinson's disease PARK7, the wild-type of DJ-1 is known to act as an oxidative stress sensor in neuronal cells. Recently, we found a DJ-1 modulator UCP0054278 by in silico virtual screening. In this study, we determined the neuroprotective effects of UCP0054278 ...
Poltronieri Carlo - - 2009
Farmed fish are usually exposed to routine procedures which have strong effects on stress responses. Rodlet cells may represent an useful biomarker for studies on the presence of stressors in aquaculture. This work focused on the localization of rodlet cells by light and electron microscopy in gills of sea bass ...
Zhou Si-Min - - 2009
Patulin (PAT), a mycotoxin produced by certain species of Penicillium, Aspergillus and Byssochlamys,is mainly found in ripe apple and apple products. In our present study, a significant increase of the micronuclei frequency induced by PAT was found in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. To elucidate the role of glutathione (GSH) in ...
Markova Nelli G - - 2009
The cellular defense system against harmful levels of reactive oxygen species consists of antioxidant enzymatic activities and small nonenzymatic molecules. L-ergothioneine has long been recognized as a potent and stable low-molecular-weight antioxidant that humans consume with diet and that accumulates in cells normally subjected to high levels of oxidative stress. ...
Yu Shanshan - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been proposed to play an important role in heavy metal-associated toxicity and pathology. Conventional methods for determining ambient redox state in cells are usually labor-intensive, precluding real-time or single-cell monitoring changes in intracellular redox poise resulting from either metabolic processes or environmental influences. Redox-sensitive green ...
Pizzo Paola - - 2009
Abstract Curcumin is a non-toxic polyphenol with pleiotropic activities and limited bioavailability. We investigated whether a brief exposure to low doses of curcumin would induce in the myogenic C2C12 cell line an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response and protect against oxidative stress. A 3-hour curcumin administration (5-10muM) increased protein levels ...
Duong Thi Thuy Hong - - 2009
Oxidative stress is associated with the pathology of acute and chronic neurodegenerative disease. We have cloned a human neuroglobin (Nb) construct and over-expressed this protein in cultured human neuronal cells to assess whether Nb ameliorates the cellular response to experimental hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury. Parental cells transfected with a blank (pDEST40) ...
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