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Results 301 - 350 of 2522
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Kim Jaeeun - - 2009
In an effort to better control bacterial biofilm, we examined the effects of various oxidative antimicrobial chemicals including silver, paraquat, hydrogen peroxide, and chlorine depending on the physiological status of cells in biofilm. The metabolically heterogeneous cells within colony biofilm were physically fractionated and the oxidative stress generated in each ...
Muta-Takada Keiko - - 2009
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), which has both energizing and anti-oxidative effects, is also reported to have antiaging action, e.g., reducing the area of facial wrinkles. However, the mechanism of its anti-aging activity is not fully established. Here, we examined the effect of CoQ10 on human dermal and epidermal cells. CoQ10 promoted ...
Kalariya Nilesh M NM AMD Center, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555-1106, - - 2009
To investigate the genotoxic effects of lutein (LBP) and beta -carotene breakdown products (beta -apo-8-carotenal, BA8C) and the preventive role of GSH in human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19). LBP- and BA8C-induced DNA damage in human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19) was determined by comet assay. The DNA damage was ...
Yan Zhonghua Z Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2009
We demonstrate that the mechanism of redox remodeling during mouse T-cell activation involves secretion of glutathione by dendritic cells and its subsequent cleavage to cysteine. Extracellular cysteine accumulation results in a lower redox potential, which is conducive to proliferation, and changes the net redox status of exofacial protein domains. Regulatory ...
Clement Angela B - - 2009
Chronic oxidative stress has been causally linked to several neurodegenerative disorders. As sensitivity for oxidative stress greatly differs between brain regions and neuronal cell types, specific cellular mechanisms of adaptation to chronic oxidative stress should exist. Our objective was to identify molecular mechanisms of adaptation of neuronal cells after applying ...
Martín María Angeles - - 2009
Soluble melanoidins from biscuits were enzymatically solubilized and isolated by sequential ultrafiltration and separated by molecular mass in three different fractions, below 3 kDa, between 3 and 10 kDa, and over 10 kDa; the latter was subsequently digested by simulating gastric plus pancreatic digestive conditions. The four fractions were investigated ...
Kim Jeong Hun - - 2010
PURPOSE: Oxidative stress to retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells is thought to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This study was conducted to investigate whether clusterin protects human RPE cells from ROS-induced apoptosis through a PI3K/Akt survival pathway. METHODS: The preventive effect of clusterin ...
Thors Lina - - 2009
The endocannabinoids anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) are metabolised by cells by hydrolysis to arachidonic acid followed by esterification into phospholipids. Here, we report that nitric oxide (NO) donors significantly increase the amount of tritium accumulated in the cell membranes of RBL2H3 rat basophilic cells, 3T3-L1 mouse fibroblast cells and ...
Maulucci G - - 2009
The dynamics of redox elements in biologic systems is a major challenge for redox signaling and oxidative stress research. Oxidative stress or signaling events can affect sulfur switches differently, thus creating a variation in the spatial distribution of these redox states, which therefore act simultaneously as regulators and indicators of ...
Roma Leticia P - - 2009
Pancreatic beta cells are very sensitive to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and this might play an important role in beta cell death in diabetes. Dexamethasone is a synthetic diabetogenic glucocorticoid, which impairs pancreatic beta cell function. Therefore we investigated the toxicity of dexamethasone in RINm5F insulin-producing cells and its dependence ...
Maghzal Ghassan J - - 2009
In mammalian cells, heme is degraded by heme oxygenase to biliverdin, which is then reduced to bilirubin by biliverdin reductase (BVR). Both bile pigments have reducing properties, and bilirubin is now generally considered to be a potent antioxidant, yet it remains unclear how it protects cells against oxidative damage. A ...
Sharma Ved Parkash - - 2009
During the last couple of decades, there has been a tremendous increase in the use of cell phones. It has significantly added to the rapidly increasing EMF smog, an unprecedented type of pollution consisting of radiation in the environment, thereby prompting the scientists to study the effects on humans. However, ...
Pizarro Javier G - - 2009
Reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress are associated with neuronal cell death in many neurodegenerative conditions. However, the exact molecular mechanisms triggered by oxidative stress in neurodegeneration are still unclear. This study used the B65 rat neuroblastoma cell line as a model to study the molecular events that occur after ...
Kissov?? Ingrid Bhatia - - 2009
The term mitophagy refers to the selective removal of mitochondria by autophagy. This process is very active in lactate-grown yeast cells during nitrogen starvation. Among different antioxidants tested, only N-acetyl L-cysteine (NAC) prevents mitophagy in lactate-grown nitrogen-starved cells and its effect is not related to its scavenging properties, but rather ...
Cerella Claudia - - 2009
We have previously shown that oxidative stress induced by an apoptogenic dose of H(2)O(2) leads to a temporary block of glycolytic flux via inactivation of the glycolytic key enzyme glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) in U937 cells. This corresponds to the activation of a cell defense pathway that is triggered to ...
Ryan Eileen - - 2009
Interest exists in the manufacture of meat products with added functional ingredients to enhance consumer health. Because experimental evidence suggests that many herbs and spices, particularly those of the Lamiaceae family such as Salvia officinalis L. (sage) and Origanum vulgare L. (oregano), possess a wide range of biological and pharmacological ...
Najim N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of the extent and duration of methionine depletion as a cause of cytotoxicity for CNS tumour cell lines, and also to investigate the associated in vitro cellular biochemical responses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell growth inhibition was assayed by the ...
Lim Joo Weon - - 2009
Previously we showed that oxidative stress induces apoptosis of pancreatic acinar cells with nuclear loss of DNA repair proteins. Oxidative stress has an important role in the pathogenesis of pancreatitis. Pancreatitis-associated protein 1 (PAP-1) is a protein secreted upon induction of acute pancreatitis. In this study, we investigated the role ...
Schildknecht Stefan - - 2009
LUHMES cells are conditionally-immortalized non-transformed human fetal cells that can be differentiated to acquire a dopaminergic neuron-like phenotype under appropriate growth conditions. After differentiation by GDNF and cyclic adenosine monophosphate, LUHMES were sensitive to 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) toxicity at < or =5 microM, but resistant to the parental compound 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). ...
Lee Young Joo - - 2009
We investigated the neuroprotective effect and mechanisms of action of cilnidipine, a long-acting, second-generation 1,4-dihydropyridine inhibitor of L- and N-type calcium channels, in PC12 cells that were neuronally differentiated by treatment with nerve growth factor (nPC12 cells). To evaluate the effect of cilnidipine on viability, nPC12 cells were treated with ...
Vidyashankar S - - 2010
Oxidative stress induced by toxicants is known to cause various complications in the liver. Herbal drug such as Liv.52 is found to have hepatoprotective effect. However, the biochemical mechanism involved in the Liv.52 mediated protection against toxicity is not well elucidated using suitable in vitro models. Hence, in the present ...
Linsenbardt Andrew J - - 2009
Parkinson disease is a specific form of neurodegeneration characterized by a loss of nigra-striatal dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain of humans. The disease is also characterized by an increase in oxidative stress and a loss of glutathione in the midbrain region. A potential link between all these factors is the ...
Mi Yuling - - 2009
Diesel exhaust particles (DEP) are considered to be one of the most important air pollutants. In this study, the protective effect of quercetin, an antioxidant flavonoid, on oxidative damage of testicular cells was studied by analysis of the intracellular antioxidant system of embryonic chickens after treatment with 3-methyl-4-nitrophenol (PNMC) derived ...
Kim Dae Won - - 2009
Antioxidant enzymes are considered to have beneficial effects against various diseases mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Ischemia is characterized by both oxidative stress and changes in the antioxidant defense system. Catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) are major antioxidant enzymes by which cells counteract the deleterious effects of ROS. ...
Locatelli Claudriana - - 2009
Malignant melanoma is a lethal disease, and the incidence and mortality associated with it are increasing worldwide. It has a significant tendency to develop both metastasis and resistance to chemotherapy. The tumor cells show abnormal redox regulation, and although the molecular mechanisms involved are not well characterized, they seem to ...
Cheng Baohua - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Since 1970s, a Chinese study group at Harbin Medical University First Hospital discovered the anticancer effect of arsenic trioxide (As2O3), it has become evident that apoptotic effects of As2O3 are not restricted to APL cells but also can be observed in other malignant cells in vitro, including non-APL acute ...
Astort F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Increased activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, resulting in enhanced adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and serum glucocorticoid levels, has been described in patients with diabetes mellitus and in animal models of this disease; however, altered steroid production by adrenocortical cells could result from local changes triggered by increased reactive oxygen species ...
Piao Xiang Lan - - 2009
There is mounting evidence that peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) is closely related to the pathogenesis of various diseases. As a pharmacological strategy aimed at preventing ONOO(-)-mediated toxicity, the protective activity of Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl (Oleaceae) against ONOO(-)-induced cellular damage was investigated and its active components identified. After bioactivity-guided fractionation of its ...
Rapozzi Valentina - - 2009
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment modality that uses a combination of a photosensitizer and light to induce a photokilling process in the tumor tissue. Recently we re-considered pheophorbide a (Pba), a second-generation photosensitizer that has not yet been thoroughly investigated. Here, we report that Pba irradiated at 14 J/cm(2) ...
Fatma Nigar - - 2009
Oxidative stress and TGFbeta-induced disturbance of cells and tissues are implicated in initiation and progression of pathophysiology of cells/tissues. Using primary human trabecular meshwork (TM) cells from normal and glaucomatous subjects, this study demonstrated that peroxiredoxin (PRDX) 6, an antioxidant, offsets the deleterious effects of oxidative stress on TM cells ...
Hong Jung-Hee - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of Artemisia capillaris on the viability, antioxidant status, and cytoprotective against oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide in V79 cells. Pretreatment with ethyl acetate fraction increased 363% cell viability compared to the positive control (PC). The ethyl acetate fraction of ...
Sherbet Daniel P - - 2009
Human 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase types 1 and 2 (17betaHSD1 and 17betaHSD2) regulate estrogen potency by catalyzing the interconversion of estrone (E1) and estradiol (E2) using nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) cofactors NAD(P)(H). In intact cells, 17betaHSD1 and 17betaHSD2 establish pseudo-equilibria favoring E1 reduction or E2 oxidation, respectively. The vulnerability of these equilibrium ...
Babich Harvey - - 2009
The antiproliferative effects of a Gingko biloba leaf extract to cells from tissues of the human oral cavity were studied. Toxicity to carcinoma HSC-2 cells was correlated with the prooxidative nature of the extract. G. biloba leaf extract generated reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cell culture medium and, albeit to ...
Hovhannisyan Galina - - 2009
Butyrate, formed by bacterial fermentation of plant foods, has been shown to protect human colon cells from selected genotoxic substances. The mechanism for this effect could be the enhancement of toxicological defence leading to an increased detoxification of genotoxic risk factors and thus to a reduction of DNA and chromosome ...
Hoefer Melanie M - - 2009
Numerous cell surface proteins are functionally regulated by a proteolytic cleavage event termed 'ectodomain shedding'. The complement receptor 2/CD21 extracellular domain (ectodomain) is constitutively released as a soluble form (sCD21), but its liberation can also be induced by various physiological and pharmacological stimuli. CD21-shedding modulates B cell activation, and sCD21 ...
Brechbuhl Heather M HM Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado at Denver Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, - - 2009
Electrophilic cyclopentenone prostaglandins (cyPGs), such as 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15dPGJ(2)), initiate redox-based cell signaling responses including increased intracellular glutathione (GSH) synthesis. We investigated whether cyPGs facilitated GSH efflux and if members of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) protein family mediated the efflux. Four human cell lines were treated with 1-6 microM cyPGs ...
Kim Soohee - - 2009
Cytotoxicity induced by silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and the role that oxidative stress plays in this process were demonstrated in human hepatoma cells. Toxicity induced by silver (Ag(+)) ions was studied in parallel using AgNO(3) as the Ag(+) ion source. Using cation exchange treatment, we confirmed that the AgNP solution contained ...
Wu Dayong D Nutritional Immunology Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington Street, Boston, MA 02111, USA. - - 2009
Studies have suggested a benefit of consuming green tea in promoting general health and reducing the risk of certain diseases. However, little is known about the effect of green tea on immune function. In this study we determined the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major active component of tea, on ...
Magliaro Brian C BC Department of Schizophrenia Research, Merck Research Laboratories, Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, PA 19486-0004, USA. - - 2009
Recent evidence suggests that some atypical antipsychotic drugs may protect against oxidative stress and consequent neurodegeneration by mechanisms that remain unclear. Using the neuron-like rat pheochromocytoma (PC-12) cell line, Clozapine and N-desmethylclozapine were tested for their ability to protect against cell death due to oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide ...
Louie Brandon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cytotoxic action of nephrotoxic agents using an in vitro renal cell model, focusing on the cellular oxidative status and a specific glutathione (GSH)-dependent enzyme, glyoxalase I (Gly-I). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal proximal tubular LLC-PK(1) cells were exposed to mercuric chloride, glycerol, cisplatin, gentamicin and cyclosporin A, ...
Gao Li-Ping - - 2009
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) has been recently found to play growth-regulatory roles in nucleated cells. To identify any other physiologic roles of G6PD, we generated G6PD-knockdown Hep G2 cells and investigated their susceptibility to oxidants. Hep G2 cells expressing shRNA against G6PD (Gi) were more susceptible to diamide-induced cytotoxicity than control ...
Jiang Qin - - 2009
Aquaporins (AQPs) are a family of 13 small ( approximately 30 kDa/monomer), hydrophobic, integral membrane proteins. AQPs are expressed in various epithelial and endothelial cells involved in fluid transport. Here, we demonstrated for the first time that AQP1 is expressed in cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells (ARPE-19 cell ...
Yu Ya-Chun - - 2009
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD)/spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by polyglutamine expansion in the ataxin-3 protein that confers a toxic gain of function. Because of the late onset of the disease, we hypothesize that the accumulated oxidative stress or/and defective antioxidant enzyme ability may be ...
Dai Rongyang - - 2009
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is a conserved adaptive response utilized by cells to cope with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. In addition to the UPR, cells also trigger other adaptive responses under ER stress conditions. Although the PI3K/Akt and MEK/ERK pathways are known to protect cells from ER stress-induced apoptosis, ...
Matos L - - 2009
Success in assisted reproductive techniques (ART) is influenced by gamete and embryo quality but the assessment of these parameters has been thwarted by the lack of reliable biomarkers. Follicular fluid and cumulus oophorus cells may provide biomarkers due to their close relationship to the oocyte. These cells produce antioxidants and ...
Sumizawa Tomoyuki - - 2009
In our previous study, we found that caspase-dependent apoptosis played a role in the genesis of toxicity of acrylamide in human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells (Sumizawa and Igisu in Arch Toxicol 81:279-282, 2007). In the present experiment, we examined whether carboxyfullerene may suppress the cytotoxicity of acrylamide because carboxyfullerene has been ...
Sivalingam Nageswaran - - 2009
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), widely used in clinical practice, cause adverse effects in the gastrointestinal tract. These effects have been attributed to mechanisms such as drug-induced cyclooxygenase inhibition, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and changes in cell membrane lipids. Our previous study showed that indomethacin (an NSAID commonly used in toxicity ...
Fallarini S - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Phenolic compounds exert cytoprotective effects; our purpose was to investigate whether the isosteric polyphenolic compounds clovamide and rosmarinic acid are neuroprotective. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Three in vitro models of neuronal death were selected: (i) differentiated SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells exposed to tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BOOH), for oxidative stress; (ii) differentiated ...
Aceto N - - 2009
Malignant mesothelioma is an asbestos-related, aggressive tumour, resistant to most anticancer therapies. Akt is a key mediator of mesothelioma cell survival and chemoresistance. This study aimed to clarify the mechanism by which taurolidine (TN), a known synthetic compound with antimicrobial and antineoplastic properties, leads to mesothelioma cell death. Apoptosis was ...
Luo Z - - 2009
We compared the dose-dependent reductions in cellular superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) by catalytic agents: superoxide dismutase (SOD), polyethylene glycol (PEG)-SOD and the nitroxide 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (tempol) with uncharacterized antioxidants: 5,10,15,20-tetrakis (4-sulphonatophenyl) porphyrinate iron (III)(Fe-TTPS), (-)-cis-3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxyflavane (2R,3R)-2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-1(2H)-benzopyran-3,5,7-triol (-epicatechin), 2-phenyl-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-one (ebselen) and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) with the spin trap nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) and with the ...
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