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Results 201 - 250 of 2521
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Rivadeneira J - - 2010
Strong chelating ligands as oxodiacetate (oda) are model systems to study the process of metal trapping by living organisms. Vanadium compounds display interesting biological and pharmacological actions. In vertebrates, vanadium is stored mainly in bones. In the present study we report the effects of the complex of oda with vanadyl(IV) ...
Xu Ying-Ying - - 2010
We previously reported that all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) induced apoptosis in N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) repressed human hepatocarcinoma 7721 (GnT-V-AS/7721) cells via endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. In addition to confirming these findings, we further found that ATRA repressed the expression of betaine-homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) and cystathionine-beta-synthase (CBS), which are key enzymes that ...
Kim Sang Yong - - 2010
Carnosol, a naturally occurring bioactive phenolic diterpene originating from rosemary and sage, has been shown to exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. This study examined possible protective effects of carnosol on sodium nitroprusside (SNP)-induced cytotoxicity in C6 glial cells. Carnosol (1-10 microM) dose-dependently attenuated SNP (100 microM)-induced cell death and NO ...
Han Yong Hwan - - 2010
The inhibition of proteasome function has emerged as a useful strategy to maneuver apoptosis. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of MG132 as a proteasome inhibitor on the growth of Calu-6 lung cancer cells in relation to the cell cycle, cell death, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione ...
Warleta Fernando - - 2010
Until now, very little has been known about the antioxidant capacity of squalene and its effect on human breast tumourigenesis. In the present work, we investigated squalene's scavenging properties and its effect on cell proliferation, cell cycle profile, apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and oxidative DNA damage, using human ...
Xiao-Long Wang - - 2010
Examination of the antioxidative homeostasis in skeletal muscle cells in the presence or absence of selenoprotein W (SelW) is necessary to understand the importance of SelW in the antioxidative system. Depletion of SelW by RNA interference was achieved by introducing a synthetic small interfering RNA into the mouse skeletal muscle ...
Chiou Jeng-Fong - - 2010
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a rapidly evolving treatment modality with diverse usages in the field of cancer therapy. Most of PDT is based on free radical-mediated photo-killing of cancer cells. This study aimed to elucidate the detailed cascade of events that lead to apoptotic cell death of HepG2 cells resulting ...
Spanou Chrysoula - - 2010
Legumes are considered to be a very good source of polyphenolic compounds that may act as chemopreventive agents, especially by their antioxidant properties. However, many of the chemopreventive properties may depend on the concentrations of the phytochemical compounds because potent antioxidant polyphenolic compounds may have pro-oxidant properties and negatively affect ...
Ding Xia - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the putative protective effect of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) derived from processed Fructus Corni on human hepatocyte cell line (LO2) injured by hydrogen peroxide in vitro and the mechanism of its protection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The percentage of cell ...
Man Na - - 2010
Functional interaction of nanomaterial with autophagy, a fundamental biological process for cellular degradation, is of great interest to nanobiology. Rare earth nanomaterials hold tremendous potential for a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic applications and have also been reported to protect cells against bacterial, viral and oxidative stress. In a brief ...
Aly Hamdy A A - - 2010
Inflammatory reactions that result from microbial infections, both localized and systemic, are reported to cause transient or permanent male infertility. The cellular mechanisms underlying the inhibitory effect of microbial infection on spermatogenesis is not fully understood. However, there is evidence that spermatogenesis is affected by bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) that induce ...
Asagoshi Kenjiro K Laboratory of Structural Biology, NIEHS, NIH, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, - - 2010
From in vitro studies, flap endonuclease 1 (FEN1) has been proposed to play a role in the long patch (LP) base excision repair (BER) subpathway. Yet the role of FEN1 in BER in the context of the living vertebrate cell has not been thoroughly explored. In the present study, we ...
Liu Zhen-Zhen - - 2010
In the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), β-amyloid peptide (Aβ) that induced cytotoxicity containing apoptosis and excess production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is considered as a causal role. The aim of present study is to investigate the protective effect of Trihexyphenidyl (THY) on Aβ(25-35)-induced cytotoxicity in cultured ...
Reineke Erin L - - 2010
Promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) was originally identified as part of a chromosomal translocation that contributes to the development of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Since its discovery, PML has been found to play diverse roles in different cellular processes. Notably, PML has anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activity that supports its role as ...
Han Yong Hwan - - 2010
The proteasome inhibitor MG132 has been shown to induce apoptotic cell death through the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we evaluated the effects of MG132 on the growth and death of As4.1 juxtaglomerular cells in relation to ROS and glutathione (GSH) levels. MG132 inhibited the growth of As4.1 ...
Sims Brian - - 2010
Erythropoietin (Epo) has been used for many years in neonates for the treatment of anemia of prematurity. Epo has also been proposed for treatment of neonatal brain injury, as mounting evidence suggests neuroprotective properties for Epo. However, Epo's neuroprotective mechanism of action is poorly understood. In this study we hypothesized ...
Lee Ji Ae - - 2010
Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in uncontrolled neuro-inflammation leading to many neurological diseases including Alzheimer's. One of the major antioxidant enzymes known to prevent deleterious effects due to oxidative stress is Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD). In this study, we examined the regulatory function of SOD on the LPS-induced signaling pathways ...
Hanzalova Katerina - - 2010
We investigated the role of oxidative damage in the mechanism of action of selected individual carcinogenic PAHs (c-PAHs: benzo[a]pyrene, B[a]P; dibenzo[a,l]pyrene, DB[a,l]P), an artificial mixture of c-PAHs (c-PAHs mix) and extractable organic matter (EOM) from urban air particulate matter (PM). Two cell lines (human hepatoma cells, HepG2; human diploid lung ...
Kandil Sarah - - 2010
Cancer cells have a high demand for cysteine as precursor of the antioxidant, glutathione, that is required to promote cell growth and division. Uptake of cystine by the x(c)(-) cystine-glutamate exchanger provides the majority of cysteine, but a significant percentage may be derived from methionine, via a transsulfuration pathway. Our ...
Krohne Tim U - - 2010
Several lines of evidence suggest that progressive dysfunction of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) is central to the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We previously demonstrated that protein modifications with lipid peroxidation products, such as 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) and malondialdehyde (MDA), induce lysosomal dysfunction in RPE cells in vitro. Here, ...
Han Yong Hwan - - 2010
Carbobenzoxy-Leu-Leu-leucinal (MG132) as a proteasome inhibitor has been shown to induce apoptotic cell death through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In the present study, we evaluated the effects of MG132 on the growth of A549 lung cancer cells in relation to cell growth, ROS and glutathione (GSH) levels. Treatment ...
Park Kwon Moo - - 2010
Cell-cell contacts are essential for epithelial cell function, and disruption is associated with pathological conditions including ischemic kidney injury. We hypothesize that the exocyst, a highly-conserved eight-protein complex that targets secretory vesicles carrying membrane proteins, is involved in maintaining renal epithelial barrier integrity. Accordingly, increasing exocyst expression in renal tubule ...
Chen Meng-Li - - 2010
AIM OF THE STUDY: Wu-Zi-Yan-Zong-Wan (WZ) is a traditional Chinese herbal formula which is commonly used for treating patients with "Yang deficiency". In the present study, the effect of WZ on ethanol-induced toxicity in CYP2E1 cDNA-transfected HepG2 (E47) cells was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: WZ extract was obtained by extracting ...
Kulbacka Julita - - 2010
In photodynamic therapy (PDT) a tumor-selective photosensitizer is administered and then activated by exposure to a light source of appropriate wavelength. Multidrug resistance (MDR) is largely caused by the drug efflux from the tumor cell by means of P-glycoprotein, resulting in reduced efficacy of the anticancer therapy. This study deals ...
Han Yong Hwan - - 2010
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) can regulate many biological functions such as apoptosis and differentiation. We evaluated the effects of ATO on various cell types such as cervical cancer HeLa cells, pulmonary adenocarcinoma Calu-6 and A549 cells, calf pulmonary artery endothelial cells (CPAEC), human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and human pulmonary ...
Han Yong Hwan - - 2010
Antimycin A (AMA) inhibits succinate oxidase, NADH oxidase, and mitochondrial electron transport chain between cytochrome b and c. We recently demonstrated that AMA inhibited the growth of Calu-6 lung cancer cells through apoptosis. Here, we investigated the effects of AMA and/or MAPK inhibitors on Calu-6 lung cancer cells in relation ...
Mi Yuling - - 2010
Quercetin, an antioxidant flavonoid, is considered beneficial for human and animal health. In this study, the protective effect of quercetin on oxidative damage to testicular cells was studied in embryonic chickens after treatment with 4-nitro-3-phenylphenol (PNMPP) derived from diesel exhaust particles. Testicular cells were challenged with PNMPP (10(-8)-10(-6) M) alone ...
Pal Swati - - 2010
Peroxidase represents a heterogeneous group of distinct enzyme family that plays extremely diverse biological functions. Ascorbate peroxidase from Leishmania major (LmAPX) has been shown to be central to the redox defense system of Leishmania. To investigate further its exact physiological role in Leishmania, we attempted to create LmAPX -knockout mutants ...
Quiroga Analía - - 2010
Since curcumin, a polyphenol extracted from the rhizomes of Curcuma longa L. (Zingiberaceae), has been proposed for breast cancer chemoprevention, the aim of the present work was to determine if it had anti-tumour effects on mammary cells which are resistant to oxidative damage. ZR-75-1 cells were treated with curcumin and ...
Banu Mst Nasrin Akhter - - 2010
Efficient detoxification of the reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide (NO) and methylglyoxal (MG), provides protection against NaCl-induced damage in plants. To elucidate the protective mechanisms of proline and glycinebetaine (betaine) against NaCl stress, intracellular levels of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), superoxide (O(2)(-)), NO, and MG were investigated in tobacco Bright Yellow-2 ...
Ferrer Miguel D - - 2010
AIMS: Our aim was to establish the conditions in which reactive oxygen species produce pathological or hormetic effects on HL60 cells. METHODS: HL60 cells were treated with either single bouts (1, 10 and 100 microM) or a sustained production (0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 nM/s) of H(2)O(2). RESULTS: Exposure to 10 ...
Kim Mi K - - 2010
EGCG and quercetin are known as beneficial dietary flavonoid for various diseases including diabetes mellitus. But it is not certain whether they could protect pancreatic beta cell directly. We performed this study to test both EGCG and quercetin could directly protect beta cell line under oxidative stress, and verify the ...
Fujita M - - 2010
The cell numbers of ammonia-oxidising bacteria (AOBs), Nitrospira and Nitrobacter in activated sludge used to treat wastewater from a thermal power plant in Japan were examined for nine months using a real-time PCR quantification technique. AOB cell numbers ranged 2.8 x 10(10)-2.3 x 10(11) cell/L. The amoA clone analysis showed ...
Han Yong Hwan - - 2010
MG132, as a proteasome inhibitor, can induce apoptotic cell death through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we investigated the effects of MAPK (MEK, JNK, and p38) inhibitors on MG132-treated A549 lung cancer cells in relation to cell growth, cell death, ROS, and glutathione (GSH) levels. Treatment ...
Rivadeneira J - - 2010
Strong chelating ligands as oxodiacetate (oda) are model systems to study the process of metal trapping by living organisms. Vanadium compounds display interesting biological and pharmacological actions. In vertebrates, vanadium is stored mainly in bones. In the present study we report the effects of the complex of oda with vanadyl(IV) ...
Chen Helen H W - - 2010
Three mechanisms have been proposed for the role of glutathione (GSH) in regulating cisplatin (CDDP) sensitivities that affects its ultimate cell-killing ability: (i) GSH may serve as a cofactor in facilitating multidrug resistance protein 2- (MRP2-) mediated CDDP efflux in mammalian cells, since MRP2-transfected cells were shown to confer CDDP ...
Shi Yongli - - 2010
Amorphous silica engineered nanoparticles (ENP) are used for drug delivery and food additive under current regulations. Although the adverse effects of amorphous silica ENP may be negligible, contamination by bacterium products may enhance the toxic potential of these so-called safe products. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an endotoxin component generated by gram-negative bacteria, ...
Tsai Jen-Hsiang - - 2010
We investigated the effect of vitamin E on membrane protein thiols under oxidative stress, which we induced by treating hepatocytes with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBH) for 60 mins. Those cells which we pretreated with vitamin E formed fewer blebs (22.3% compared to 60.0% in nonvitamin E-treated cells) and maintained cytosolic calcium ...
Go Young-Mi - - 2010
Extracellular thiol/disulfide redox environments are highly regulated in healthy individuals and become oxidized in disease. This oxidation affects the function of cell surface receptors, ion channels, and structural proteins. Downstream signaling due to changes in extracellular redox potential can be studied using a redox clamp in which thiol and disulfide ...
Wu Xiang - - 2010
Isothiocyanates are natural compounds found in consumable cruciferous vegetables. They have been shown to inhibit chemical carcinogenesis by a wide variety of chemical carcinogens in animal models. Recent studies have also shown that isothiocyanates have antitumor activity, inhibiting the growth of several types of cultured human cancer cells. Our previous ...
Pan Chunliu - - 2010
Taurine is a free amino acid present in high concentrations in a variety of organs of mammalians. As an antioxidant, taurine has been found to protect cells against oxidative stress, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this report, we present evidence to support the conclusion that taurine exerts ...
Krance Suzanne M - - 2010
To better define the role of glutathione (GSH) in cell differentiation, the present study measured GSH concentrations during terminal HL-60 cell differentiation, in the presence and absence of differentiation-inducing agents, and in the presence and absence of GSH altering agents. Interestingly, there was a small transient increase in intracellular GSH ...
Li Suk-Yee - - 2010
Retinal ischemia and oxidative stress lead to neuronal death in many ocular pathologies. Recently, we found that lutein, an oxy-carotenoid, protected the inner retina from ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, it is uncertain whether lutein directly protects retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). Here, an in vitro model of hypoxia and oxidative stress was ...
Labbé Adam - - 2010
Werner Syndrome (WS) is a rare disorder characterized by the premature onset of a number of age-related diseases. The gene responsible for WS encodes a DNA helicase/exonuclease protein believed to affect different aspects of transcription, replication, and/or DNA repair. In addition to genomic instability, human WS cells exhibit oxidative stress. ...
Zheng Yi - - 2010
Oxidative damage induced by H(2)O(2) treatment can irreversibly damage the lens epithelium, resulting in cell death and cataract. Whether the effects of oxidative stress could be attenuated in cultured human lens epithelial cells by incubation with resveratrol (RES) is still unknown. In the present study, we examined the function of ...
Mediavilla María G - - 2010
Ferredoxin-NADP(H) reductase (FNR) from Pisum sativum and Flavodoxin (Fld) from Anabaena PCC 7119 have been reported to protect a variety of cells and organisms from oxidative insults. In this work, these two proteins were expressed in mitochondria of Cos-7 cells and tested for their efficacy to protect these cells from ...
Nowrouzi Azin A Dept. of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2010
We aimed at evaluating the toxicity effects of low (subtoxic) concentrations of silver nanoparticles nanoparticles (AgNP, 5-10 nm) in human hepatoblastoma (HepG2) cell line after and during a period of about one month. XTT and MTT assays were used to draw a dose-response curve; IC50 (half maximal inhibitory concentration) value ...
Dasari Bhanu B Department of Pharmacology, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 501 North Columbia Road, Grand Forks, North Dakota 58202, USA. - - 2010
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) share several pathological features including β-amyloid (Aβ) peptide accumulation, oxidative damage, and cell death. The causes of AD and AMD are not known but several studies suggest disturbances in cholesterol metabolism as a culprit of these diseases. We have recently shown that ...
Elie-Caille Celine - - 2010
Among the molecules to which the human skin is exposed, glyphosate is used as an herbicide. Glyphosate has been shown to induce in vitro cutaneous cytotoxic effects, concomitant with oxidative disorders. In this following study, we focused on dynamic events of the loss of HaCaT cell integrity appearing after a ...
Esmaeili Mohammad Ali - - 2010
In this study, antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of an endemic Salvia species (Salvia brachyantha (Bordz) probed. was assessed in vitro using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, beta-carotene linoleic acid, superoxide anion radical, hydroxyl radical, and reducing power assays. Regarding our data, the plant extract exhibited antioxidant and radical scavenging activities ...
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