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Han Yong Hwan - - 2010
MG132 (carbobenzoxy-Leu-Leu-leucinal) as a proteasome inhibitor has been shown to induce apoptotic cell death through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we investigated the effects of MEK (mitogen-activated protein [MAP] kinase or extracellular signal-regulated kinase [ERK] kinase) or p38 inhibitor on MG132-treated Calu-6 lung cancer cells in ...
Zhao Jie - - 2010
CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells have been shown to play important roles in mediating cancer development. Although cyclophosphamide (CY) has shown promise as a drug to selectively target Treg cells with low-dose in vivo, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. In this report, we provide evidence that ATP, the energy ...
Rudolf Emil - - 2010
We investigated combined effects of hexavalent chromium and nickel on viability, intracellular signaling and cell death of primary human skin fibroblasts during 24 h of exposure. We show that nickel at non-toxic concentrations prevents hexavalent chromium-induced cell damage and apoptosis, mainly by overexpression of heat shock proteins (HSPs), in particular ...
Siddiqui Ma - - 2011
Pharmacological potential of curcumin was assessed in PC12 cells against hydrogen peroxide (H(2) O(2)) exposure. In MTT [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide] and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assays, 24-hour exposure of H(2)O(2) (0.5 mM and above) was found to be cytotoxic. A significant (p < 0.001) increase in percentage cell viability was recorded ...
Olchawa Magdalena - - 2010
Efficient phagocytosis of photoreceptor outer segments (POS) membranes by retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) plays a key role in biological renewal of these highly peroxidizable structures. Here, we tested whether photodynamic treatment, mediated by merocyanine 540 (MC 540), rose Bengal or a zinc-substituted chlorophyllide inhibited phagocytic activity of ARPE-19 cells in ...
Choi Bong-Suk - - 2010
The present work was conducted to investigate the antioxidant activity and neuroprotective effects of Tripterygium regelii extract (TRE) on H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis in human dopaminergic cells, SH-SY5Y. TRE possessed considerable amounts of phenolics (282.73 mg tannic acid equivalents/g of extract) and flavonoids (101.43 mg naringin equivalents/g of extract). IC(50) values for ...
Mohapatra Sridev - - 2010
The diamine putrescine (Put) has been shown to accumulate in tree leaves in response to high Al and low Ca in the soil, leading to the suggestion that this response may provide a physiological advantage to leaf cells under conditions of Al stress. The increase in Put is reversed by ...
Erkeko─člu Pinar - - 2010
Selenium is an essential cofactor in the key enzymes involved in cellular antioxidant defense. It plays a critical role in testis and reproduction and regulates DNA damage within the prostate. Phthalates are ubiquitous environmental contaminants that cause alterations in endocrine and spermatogenic functions in animals. The objective of this study ...
Szende B - - 2010
Postulated cytoprotective action of (-)-deprenyl (D), (-)-desmethyl-deprenyl (DD) and (-)-deprenyl-N-oxide (DNO) on L-buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO) toxicity was investigated using in vitro cultures of serum-deprived A-2058 melanoma cells. BSO (10 microM/l) decreased viable cell number and mitotic rate, while increased the apoptotic index. D and both of its metabolites, given together with ...
Beck Raphaël - - 2011
Numerous studies suggest that generation of oxidative stress could be useful in cancer treatment. In this study, we evaluated, in vitro and in vivo, the antitumor potential of oxidative stress induced by ascorbate/menadione (asc/men). This combination of a reducing agent (ascorbate) and a redox active quinone (menadione) generates redox cycling ...
Jutooru Indira - - 2010
Arsenic trioxide exhibits antiproliferative, antiangiogenic and proapoptotic activity in cancer cells, and many genes associated with these responses are regulated by specificity protein (Sp) transcription factors. Treatment of cancer cells derived from urologic (bladder and prostate) and gastrointestinal (pancreas and colon) tumors with arsenic trioxide demonstrated that these cells exhibited ...
Jurkowska Halina - - 2011
The expression and activity of cystathionine γ-lyase (CST) and 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MPST) were investigated in the human neoplastic cells lines: astrocytoma U373, neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y, melanoma A375, and melanoma WM35. Gene expression analysis demonstrated that the investigated neoplastic cells showed the expression of MPST and what is particularly interesting, the expression ...
Ahamed Maqusood - - 2010
Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) are increasingly used in various applications. Recent studies suggest that oxidative stress may be the cause of the cytotoxicity of CuO NPs in mammalian cells. However, little is known about the genotoxicity of CuO NPs following exposure to human cells. This study was undertaken to ...
Manandhar Sarala - - 2010
The transcription factor NRF2 defends the cell from oxidative stress by up-regulating a large number of antioxidant genes through its binding with antioxidant response element on gene promoters. Cancer cells are known to possess high levels of antioxidant genes that increases survival in cancer microenvironment of oxidative stress, particularly in ...
Jurkowska H - - 2011
It has been observed that astrocyte and astrocytoma cells differ in their response to D: -ribose-L: -cysteine (RibCys) in the culture medium. RibCys, a prodrug of L: -cysteine, elevates the level of cysteine and glutathione in both astrocytoma and astrocyte cultures. It also affects the activity of two sulfurtransferases, 3-mercaptopyruvate ...
You Bo Ra - - 2010
Gallic acid (GA) widely distributed in plants and foods has its various biological effects. Here, we investigated the anti-cancer effects of GA on Calu-6 and A549 lung cancer cells in relation to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and glutathione (GSH). GA dose-dependently decreased the growth of Calu-6 and A549 cells with ...
Vidyashankar Satyakumar - - 2010
Altered copper metabolism plays a pivotal role in the onset of several hepatic disorders and glutathione (GSH) plays an important role in its homeostasis. Hepatic diseases are often implicated with decreased content of intracellular GSH. GSH depleted cells are prone to increased oxidative damage eventually leading to its death. Liv.52 ...
An Jing - - 2011
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) have been widely applied as flame retardants in plastics, polyurethane foam, paints, and synthetic fabrics. The rising PBDE level in human tissues and environment has led to concern about the health impact of exposure to PBDE. The 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE47), the dominant PBDE congener found in ...
Kusumoto Chiaki - - 2010
Reduced coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)H(2)) is known as a potent antioxidant in biological systems. However, it is not yet known whether CoQ(9)H(2) could act as an antioxidant in human cells. The aim of this study is to assess whether exogenously added CoQ(9) can protect human liver cells against injuries induced by ...
Joe Myung Kuk - - 2010
Mutations in the myocilin gene are associated with juvenile and adult-onset primary open-angle glaucoma. However, the pathogenic mechanisms of myocilin-induced glaucoma are still largely unknown. To investigate these mechanisms, we developed stably transfected HEK293 cell lines expressing wild-type or mutant (Y437H and I477N) myocilins under an inducible promoter. Expression of ...
Reddy Anreddy Rama Narsimha - - 2010
The present study was aimed at evaluating the potential toxicity and the general mechanism involved in multi wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT)-induced cytotoxicity using human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK293) cells. Two multi wall carbon nanotubes (coded as MWCNT1, size: 90-150nm and MWCNT2, size: 60-80nm) used in this study are MWCNT1 ...
Sharma Pradeep K - - 2010
Our earlier studies have shown that simultaneous inhibition of glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway using 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-DG, an inhibitor of glycolysis) and 6-aminonicotinamide (6-AN, an inhibitor of pentose phosphate pathway) lead to metabolic oxidative stress (MOS), resulting in radiosensitization in malignant cells. Present study was carried out to investigate the ...
Han Yong Hwan - - 2010
MG132 as a proteasome inhibitor has been shown to induce apoptotic cell death through formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we investigated the effects of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC; a well-known antioxidant), L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO; an inhibitor of GSH synthesis) or diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC; an inhibitor of Cu/Zn-SOD) on MG132-treated Calu-6 ...
Li Chunli - - 2010
Apg-2, a mammalian heat-shock protein belonging to the heat-shock protein 110 (Hsp110) family, was previously found to be overexpressed in BaF3-BCR/ABL cells that were treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) through our comparative proteomics study. The expression of Apg-2 in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cells and its role have not been ...
Mart?n Mar?a Angeles - - 2010
Flavanols, such as epicatechin (EC), constitute an important part of the human diet; they can be found in green tea, grapes and cocoa and possess different biological activities such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic. This study investigated the potential chemo-protective effect of EC against oxidative stress induced by tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BOOH) ...
Pizzo Paola - - 2010
Curcumin is a non-toxic polyphenol with pleiotropic activities and limited bioavailability. We investigated whether a brief exposure to low doses of curcumin would induce in the myogenic C2C12 cell line an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response and protect against oxidative stress. A 3-hr curcumin administration (5-10 microM) increased protein levels ...
Ma Weiwei - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Genistein (GEN), a principal component of soybean isoflavones, might possess the neuroprotective role through its antioxidant activity. However, the detailed mechanisms are unknown yet. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether GEN could alleviate oxidative damage induced by beta-amyloid peptides 25-35 (Abeta25-35) in PC12 cells. METHODS: The ...
Mun K H - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: After organ transplantation, some patients suffer neurological complications. Among the immunosuppressants, cyclosporine can cause neurological side effects. However, the mechanisms of encephalopathy by cyclosporine are not fully understood. We measured the antioxidant status, the hydrogen peroxide level, and the malondialdehyde level in glioma cells after cyclosporine treatment. METHODS: The ...
Deganuto Marta - - 2010
Unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) is a powerful antioxidant and a modulator of cell growth through the interaction with several signal transduction pathways. Although newborns develop a physiological jaundice, in case of severe hyperbilirubinemia UCB may become neurotoxic causing severe long-term neuronal damages, also known as bilirubin encephalopathy. To investigate the mechanisms ...
Fernandes Ana S - - 2010
The present work addresses the role of two ortho-substituted Mn(III) N-alkylpyridylporphyrins, alkyl being ethyl in MnTE-2-PyP(5+) and n-hexyl in MnTnHex-2-PyP(5+), on the protection against the oxidant tert-butylhydroperoxide (TBHP). Their protective role was studied in V79 cells using endpoints of cell viability (MTT and crystal violet assays), intracellular O(2)*- generation (dihydroethidium ...
Satpute R M - - 2010
Cyanide is a mitochondrial poison, which is ubiquitously present in the environment. Cyanide-induced oxidative stress is known to play a key role in mediating the neurotoxicity and cell death in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. PC12 cells are widely used as a model for neurotoxicity assays in vitro. In the present ...
Zhang Yanhe - - 2010
Previously, we have shown that glutathione can protect Lactococcus lactis against oxidative stress and acid stress. In this study, we show that glutathione taken up by L. lactis SK11 can protect this organism against osmotic stress. When exposed to 5 M NaCl, L. lactis SK11 cells containing glutathione exhibited significantly ...
Joseph James A - - 2010
Previous research has shown that muscarinic receptors (MAChRs) show loss of sensitivity in aging and AD and are selectively sensitive to oxidative stress (OS). Thus, COS-7 cells transfected (tn) with MAChR subtype M1 show > OS sensitivity [as reflected in the ability of the cell to extrude or sequester Ca(2+) ...
Oh Soo Jin - - 2010
Retroviral gene transfer technology is frequently used to establish stable transgenic cell lines. However, no studies to date have evaluated antioxidant defense systems in cells infected with retroviral particles. In the present study, we examined the effects of retroviral infection on antioxidant defense systems using H4IIE cells infected with a ...
Steinboeck Ferdinand - - 2010
Mutations arising during times of cell cycle-arrest may considerably contribute to aging and cancerogenesis. Endogenous oxidative stress could be one of the major triggers for these mutations. We used Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells, arrested by starvation for the essential amino acid lysine, to study the occurrence of reactive oxygen species (ROS), ...
Sun Yulan - - 2010
Cancer cells are usually under higher oxidative stress compared with normal cells. We hypothesize that introducing additional reactive oxygen species (ROS) insults or suppressing antioxidant capacity may selectively enhance cancer cell killing by oxidative stress-generating agents through stress overload or stress sensitization, whereas normal cells may be able to maintain ...
Lee Moonhee - - 2010
Oxidative stress induced by inhibition of glutathione (GSH) biosynthesis with D,L-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine (BSO) causes human microglia, human astrocytes, THP-1 cells, and U373 cells to secrete materials toxic to human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells and stimulates them to release TNF-alpha, IL-6, and nitrite ions. The effect is correlated with activation of the inflammatory ...
Hashimoto Michio - - 2011
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6, n-3) ameliorates the memory-related learning deficits of Alzheimer's disease (AD), which is characterized by fibrillar amyloid deposits in the affected brains. Here, we have investigated whether DHA-induced inhibition of Amyloid β-peptide(25-35) (Aβ(25-35)) fibrillation limits or deteriorates the toxicity of the human neuroblastoma cells (SH-SY5Y). In vitro ...
Sandoval Juan M - - 2010
Data regarding tellurium (Te) toxicity are scarce. Studies on its metabolism, performed mainly in bacteria, underline a major role of reactive oxygen species (ROS). We investigated whether tellurite undergoes redox cycling leading to ROS formation and cancer cell death. The murine hepatocarcinoma Transplantable Liver Tumor (TLT) cells were challenged with ...
Wang Xiao-yan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of epidermal diseases. This study aimed to investigate the effects of quercetin on the anti-oxidative response and on mitochondrial protection in cultured normal human keratinocytes. METHODS: Cultured HaCaT cells were treated with different concentrations of H2O2 (0, 50, 100, 250, ...
Ranzato Elia - - 2011
We studied the mechanism of ascorbate toxicity in malignant mesothelioma (MMe) cells. Neutral red uptake showed that ascorbate, but not dehydroascorbate, was highly toxic in the MMe cell lines REN and MM98, and less toxic in immortalized (human mesothelial cells-htert) and primary mesothelial cells. Ascorbate transport inhibitors phloretin, sodium azide, ...
Chen Haolin - - 2010
The free radical, or oxidative stress, theory posits that imbalance in cells between prooxidants and antioxidants results in an altered redox state and, over time, an accumulation of oxidative damage. We hypothesized herein that cells with an increasingly prooxidant intracellular environment also might be particularly susceptible to acute oxidative stress. ...
Lee Yun Jung - - 2010
During the progression of Type 2 diabetes, glucose toxicity is likely to contribute importantly to progressive beta cell failure. Oxidative stress is an important aspect of glucose toxicity in pancreatic beta cells, and reducing sugars, such as 2-deoxy-D-ribose (dRib), produce reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, many of the biological properties of ...
Gomez Natalia - - 2010
THIOMABs are recombinant antibodies engineered with reactive cysteines, which can be covalently conjugated to drugs of interest to generate targeted therapeutics. During the analysis of THIOMABs secreted by stably transfected Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells, we discovered the existence of a new species--Triple Light Chain Antibody (3LC). This 3LC species ...
Davalos Mauricio - - 2010
PURPOSE: Calcium oxalate (CaOx) is one of the key elements for kidney stone formation, but the exact mechanism needs to be defined. CaOx has been shown to cause renal cell injury through oxidative stress, leading to potential crystal deposition in the kidneys. We thus investigated if CaOx crystal would induce ...
Lee Ji Yeon - - 2010
Propofol and barbiturates are both known to protect cells of several organs against ischemia/reperfusion injury, but there are few reports on any possible protective effects on human hepatocytes. We investigated the activities of both agents on human hepatic SNU761 cells under hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced oxidative stress. To determine whether propofol ...
Han Yong Hwan - - 2010
Pyrogallol (PG) induces apoptosis in several types of cells mediated by superoxide anion (O(2*-)). Here, we investigated the effects of PG and/or MAPK (MEK, JNK, and p38) inhibitors on the changes in cell growth, cell death, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and GSH levels in As4.1 juxtaglomerular (JG) cells. PG inhibited ...
Han Yan - - 2010
Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) 2/3 is known to conjugate to substrates in response to a variety of cellular stresses. However, whether and how SUMO2/3-specific proteases are involved in de-conjugation under cell stress is unclear. Here, we show that low doses of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) induce an increase of the SENP3 ...
Veas-Perez de Tudela Miguel - - 2010
Neuroblastoma is a sympathetic nervous system tumour whose degree of malignancy, prognosis and therapy resistance has been associated with the amplification of MYCN oncogene. However, the molecular pathway responsible for such resistance is unknown. To contribute addressing this issue, in this study, we have compared the vulnerability of four human ...
dos Santos Ana Paula Marreilha - - 2010
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace metal; however, exposure to high Mn levels can result in neurodegenerative changes resembling Parkinson's disease (PD). Information on Mn's effects on endothelial cells of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is lacking. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that BBB endothelial cells are a primary target for ...
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