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Results 401 - 450 of 1480
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Papandreou M J - - 1998
The influence of HIV Env glycosylation on the conformation of the third variable domain (V3) of Env was studied by both deglycosylation of mature Env and the use of Env produced by recombinant systems in which alpha-glucosidase activity was inhibited by either deoxynojirimycin (DNM) or mutation. Selective deglycosylation affected anti-V3 ...
Dillon C T - - 1998
The genotoxicity of Cr(V) complexes in mammalian cells (V79 Chinese hamster lung cells) has been studied for the first time using the in vitro micronucleus assay. Two complexes were investigated, [CrO(ehba)2]-, which undergoes ligand-exchange and disproportionation reactions in the cell growth medium, and [CrO(mampa)]-, which is chemically inert in the ...
Fantini C - - 1998
The correlation between etoposide (VP-16) cytotoxicity and the induction of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) suggested that the promotion of DNA recombination events may be crucial for the activity of antitopoisomerase drugs. To further evaluate this hypothesis, we investigated the correlation between VP-16 induction of SCEs, chromosomal aberrations and cell cycle ...
Melia S M - - 1998
Genetic analysis of regulated exocytosis can be accomplished in ciliates, since mutants defective in stimulus-dependent secretion of dense-core vesicles can be identified. In Tetrahymena thermophila, secretion in wild-type cells can result in their encapsulation by the proteins released from vesicle cores. Cells with defects in secretion were isolated from mutagenized ...
Waldren C - - 1998
We measured the number of mutants and the kinds of mutations induced by 137Cs-gamma and by HZE-Fe (56Fe [600 MeV/amu, LET = 190 KeV/micrometer) in standard AL human hamster hybrid cells and in a new variant hybrid, AL-179. We found that HZE-Fe was more mutagenic than 137Cs-gamma per unit dose ...
Abe H - - 1998
The effects of steroid hormones (oestradiol and progesterone) on the appearance of a golden hamster oviduct-specific glycoprotein (GHOGP) in the epithelium of the oviduct of the newborn golden hamster were investigated by immunoblotting and immunohistochemical staining with a GHOGP-specific monoclonal antibody. Newborn golden hamsters (1.5 days old) were injected daily ...
Saranko C J - - 1998
1,3-Butadiene (BD) is a genotoxic carcinogen that is bioactivated to at least two mutagenic metabolites, 1,2-epoxybutene (EB) and 1,2:3,4-diepoxybutane (DEB). We investigated the mutagenicity and induction of micronuclei by DEB in vitro in Rat2 lambda/lacI transgenic fibroblasts (Big Blue Rat2 cells, Stratagene, LaJolla, CA). Assays for mutagenicity and micronuclei induction ...
Forman M S - - 1997
Expression of the Swedish DeltaNL mutation in the beta-amyloid precursor protein (APPDeltaNL) dramatically increases Abeta generation in nonneuronal cell lines, although it is unclear whether intracellular levels of beta-amyloid (Abeta) are also elevated after APPDeltaNL expression. Furthermore, the effects of expressing APPDeltaNL in neurons on the production and secretion of ...
Omata W - - 1997
We have investigated the subcellular distribution of GLUT4 by immunofluorescence microscopy after transfection with wild-type or mutant dynamin cDNA into Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing insulin receptor and GLUT4. In the basal state, GLUT4 was distributed exclusively within the cells in the cells overexpressing wild-type dynamin (CHOIR-GLUT4-WT) but was located ...
Ding S - - 1997
Expression of recombinant cytochrome P450s (P450s) in mammalian cells has been used as a powerful tool to study these enzymes. However, the activity of CYP3A4 expressed in several stable mammalian cell lines was much lower than native enzyme in human liver. The low level of recombinant CYP3A4 may have been ...
Liu C - - 1997
The circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nuclei is composed of multiple, single-cell circadian oscillators (clock cells). We now test the hypothesis that the circadian period in behavior is determined by the mean period that arises from the coupling of clock cells with diverse circadian periods. For these studies, we monitored ...
Best C J - - 1997
In this study, the effect of thymidine kinase deficiency on the responses of the human lymphoblastoid cell line Raji to methyl methanesulphonate and mitomycin C was investigated. Mutagen sensitivity was measured in terms of cell survival and mutation to hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency. Thymidine kinase-deficient Raji cells showed decreased survival and ...
Merz G S - - 1997
To define the cellular processing of human cystatin C as well as to lay the groundwork for investigating its contribution to lcelandic Hereditary Cerebral Hemorrhage with Amyloidosis (HCHWA-I), we have characterized the trafficking, secretion, and extracellular fate of human cystatin C in transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. It is ...
Kaina B - - 1997
O6-Methylguanine (O6-MeG) is induced in DNA by methylating environmental carcinogens and various cytostatic drugs. It is repaired by O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). If not repaired prior to replication, the lesion generates gene mutations and leads to cell death, sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs), chromosomal aberrations and malignant transformation. To address the question ...
Munzert E - - 1997
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells producing the recombinant glycoprotein human antithrombin III (rhAT III) were batch cultivated in a 20-L bioreactor for 13 days. Neuraminidase activity in cell-free supernatant was monitored during cultivation and free sialic acid was determined by HPLC. Neu5Acalpha(2-->3)Gal-specific Maackia amurensis and Galbeta(1-->4)GlcNAc-specific Datura stramonium agglutinin were ...
Johnston P J - - 1997
The micronucleus assay holds promise as a method for determining clastogenic effects of particular agents and for examining relative sensitivities of eukaryotic cells to such clastogens. In the following work, a detailed examination of the induction of micronuclei in radio-resistant Chinese hamster ovary fibroblasts (CHO-K1) and the DNA double-strand break ...
Hadnagy W - - 1997
A complex chemical mixture of heavy oil (Z1003), composed of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and aza-heterocyclic compounds (AHCs), has been analysed for its ability to induce cell division disturbances on Chinese hamster lung cell line V79. In addition to the complex chemical mixture (Z1003), separated fractions of PAHs and AHCs ...
Banfalvi G - - 1997
To strengthen the causal association between repair and replicative DNA synthesis, we have simultaneously measured the two types of DNA synthesis in a cell cycle-dependent manner. Synchrony was obtained by counterflow centrifugal elutriation of logarithmic-phase Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells kept in suspension cultures. A comparison of cell cycle profiles ...
James P F - - 1997
Using tritium suicide, we have isolated a variant of the Chinese hamster ovary cell line, CHO-K1, that is deficient in long-chain fatty alcohol:NAD+ oxidoreductase (FAO; EC 1.1.1.192). Specifically, it was the fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase component that was affected. The enzymatic deficiency found in this mutant strain, designated FAA. K1A, was ...
Auer H - - 1997
The genotoxic properties of 2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine (dFdC) were characterised using diploid, mortal low-passage fibroblasts (LPF cells) and the spontaneously transformed fibroblast cell line V79. In both cell types, incorporation of dFdC into the DNA led to an increase of DNA single-strand breaks evaluated by an in situ nick translation assay and ...
Kuge O - - 1997
Phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) in mammalian cells is synthesized through an exchange of free L-serine for the base moiety of pre-existing phospholipids. Studies on PtdSer biosynthesis in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells have suggested that the serine base-exchange is catalyzed by at least two different enzymes; one, named PtdSer synthase I (PSS ...
Kyossev Z N - - 1997
11Beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) catalyzes the oxidation of cortisol and corticosterone to cortisone and 11-dehydrocorticosterone, respectively. NAD-dependent 11beta-HSD is expressed at high levels in the distal nephron and contributes to mineralocorticoid specificity in that region. The present studies determined whether N-glycosylation is necessary for the activity of NAD-dependent 11beta-HSD (11beta-HSD2). First, ...
Yadollahi-Farsani M - - 1997
Deficiency of the enzyme adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) has been associated with hypersensitivity to the mutagenic effects of ethyl methanesulphonate (EMS) and 254 nm ultraviolet (UV) radiation in clone 707 of Friend mouse erythroleukaemia (FEL) cells. The molecular nature of spontaneous EMS- and UV-induced mutations in the coding region of hypoxanthine-guanine ...
Brar B - - 1997
The mouse neuroblastoma cell line (Neuro 2 A) has been shown to contain the mRNA of a prohormone converting enzyme, PC2. The Chinese hamster ovary cell line (CHO) does not express PC2 mRNA, but is thought to contain the ubiquitous protease, furin. The enzyme(s) responsible for releasing corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) ...
Steen A M - - 1997
1,3-Butadiene (BD) is an indirect-acting mutagen that is bioactivated in laboratory animals to at least two mutagenic metabolites, 1,2-expoxy-3-butene (EB) and 1,2,3,4-diepoxybutane (DEB). In the present study, the cytotoxicity, mutagenicity and mutational spectrum at hprt were determined after EB-exposure of human TK6 lymphoblastoid cells (TK6 cells). EB was cytotoxic at ...
Ponzanelli I - - 1997
We employed the three-way differential staining technique (TWD), which allows SCEs to be distinguished on a per generation basis by scoring third metaphases (M3), in order to study the spontaneous levels of SCEs in normal and high frequency cells (HFCs) that occurred in the first (S1), second (S2) and third ...
Tateishi S - - 1997
We isolated mutants of Chinese hamster ovary cells that exhibit excessive apoptosis after serum deprivation. In the medium containing 10% serum, the growth rates of the mutants were 1.4 to 1.5-fold faster than those of wild-type cells. Whereas the cell cycle of wild-type cells was arrested at the G1 phase ...
Wu J J Department of Pathophysiology and Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Zhejiang Medical University, Hangzhou - - 1997
With specific designed primers, CYP2B6 and CYP1A1 cDNA were generated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) technique performed on total RNAs isolated from human liver and 3-methylcholanthrene(3-MC) induced human amnion FL cells. Cell lines (CHL-2B6 and CHL-1A1) capable of expressing human cytochrome P450(CYP)2B6 and 1A1 were established after transfection of corresponding ...
Kolar C - - 1997
We have measured the ability of pancreatic duct epithelial cells (DEC) from Syrian hamsters and humans and CK cells, immortalized hamster DEC, to metabolize chemical carcinogens to species that were mutagenic in S. typhimurium TA98 and in V79 cells. The chemicals were N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP), 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). The ...
Tateishi K - - 1997
We isolated peroxisome biogenesis mutants from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, using the 9-(1'-pyrene)nonanol/ultraviolet (P9OH/ UV) method and wild-type CHO-K1 cells that had been stably transfected with cDNA encoding Pex2p (formerly peroxisome assembly factor-1, PAF-1). Three mutant cell clones, ZP110, ZP111, and ZP114, showed cytosolic localization of catalase, thereby indicating ...
Gu X - - 1997
Since sialic acid content is known to be a critical determinant of the biological properties of glycoproteins, it is essential to characterize and monitor sialylation patterns of recombinant glycoproteins intended for therapeutic use. This study reports site- and branch-specific differences in sialylation of human interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) derived from Chinese hamster ...
Perticone P - - 1997
Variations in the genomic DNA methylation level have been shown to be an epigenetic inheritable modification affecting, among other targets, the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) rate in mammalian cells in vitro. The inheritable increase in SCE rate in affected cell populations appears as a puzzling phenomenon in view of the ...
Rolig R L - - 1997
Positive selection-negative selection gene targeting was used to disrupt the nucleotide excision repair gene ERCC1 in a Chinese hamster ovary cell line, CHO-K1. Southern and Northern analysis showed that a cell clone isolated by this targeting approach, CHO-7-27, had an ERCC1 gene structure consistent with targeted disruption of ERCC1 exon ...
Orlandi L - - 1997
This study aimed to assess the biocompatibility of two cordierite ceramics (DF and Cord 1014), with similar chemical composition and different porosity, as a potential support for cell growth in a continuous-flow, solid-bed reactor. The Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line transfected with HBV-DHFR recombinant plasmid was seeded on cordierite ...
Branda R F - - 1997
Multiplex PCR amplification of hprt exons from 113 Chinese hamster ovary cell clones selected for resistance to 6-thioguanine was performed to investigate the molecular basis for the synergistic mutagenic effects of nutritional folic acid deficiency and alkylating agents. In cells treated with ethyl methanesulfonate, intragenic deletions were detected in 9 ...
Nakamura N - - 1997
Many eukaryotic cell surface proteins are bound to the cell membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor. Several genes involved in GPI anchor biosynthesis have been cloned using complementation of mutant mammalian cell lines and yeasts that are defective in its biosynthesis pathway. However, the gene involved in the second step ...
Zhong B Z - - 1997
Studies have been carried out to determine the relationship between treatment condition and frequencies of micronucleated cells (MNC) and multinucleated cells (MTC) in Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (V79 cells) exposed to dusts and fibers. Cells were treated with Min-U-Sil 5 silica or Owens Corning AAA-10 glass fibers under three different ...
Hiraoka W - - 1997
Deterioration in the clonogenic ability of Chinese hamster V79 cells was observed after treatments with low concentrations of H2O2 (0.06-0.2 mM) for 1 h and subsequent incubation for 6-8 days, whereas no loss of ability of the cells to exclude trypan blue after treatments with H2O2 for 1 h and ...
Panneerselvam N - - 1997
Cultured Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were pre-treated with m-AMSA (amsacrine) and post-treated with different doses of polycationic compound poly-D-lysine (PDL) during G2 period in order to test on the frequency of chromatid-type aberrations. The present results indicate that PDL enhances the genotoxic action of m-AMSA measured as induced chromatid ...
Rossman T G - - 1997
Chinese hamster V79 cells and their arsenite-resistant variants were found to have an arsenite- and antimonite-inducible tolerance mechanism which protects against the subsequent cytotoxic effects of arsenate, arsenate and antimonite. Inducible tolerance requires de novo mRNA and protein synthesis, and is independent of the heat shock response. In contrast, we ...
Okumoto K - - 1997
We made use of the 9-(1'-pyrene)nonanol/ultraviolet (P9OH/UV) method and isolated peroxisome-deficient mutant cells. TKa cells, the wild-type Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, CHO-K1, that had been stably transfected with cDNA encoding Pex2p (formerly peroxisome assembly factor-1, PAF-1) were used to avoid frequent isolation of the Z65-type, PEX2-defective mutants. P9OH/UV-resistant cell ...
Dillon C T - - 1997
The oxidation state of intracellular chromium has been determined directly in mammalian lung cells exposed to mutagenic and carcinogenic chromium compounds. Microprobe X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) experiments on single V79 Chinese hamster lung cells showed that Cr(VI) and Cr(V) complexes were reduced completely (>90%) to Cr(III) within 4 h of ...
Wu R W - - 1997
We earlier developed the Chinese hamster ovary UV5P3 cell line that expresses cytochrome P4501A2 and lacks nucleotide excision repair for studying metabolism and mutagenicity of heterocyclic amines. The Chinese hamster ovary UV5P3 cells are approximately 50-fold more sensitive to the cooked food mutagen, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) than 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), another genotoxic ...
Hummel M - - 1997
Glycosylated [Asn22]lysozyme has been shown to contain N-acetyllactosamine repeats when expressed in chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. We find that the major portion of N-acetyllactosamine repeats are associated with diantennary oligosaccharides. In Lec2 CHO cells, which are deficient in sialylation, glycosylated lysozyme is synthesized with increased contents of N-acetyllactosamine repeats ...
Johannes C - - 1997
Ultrasound permeabilizes Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells for the endonucleases AluI and benzon nuclease which leads to the induction of chromosomal aberrations by these enzymes. A few aberrant cells were observed when trypsinized cells or adherent cells were exposed to the enzymes in the absence of ultrasound. Our data show ...
Schröder M - - 1997
Overexpression of recombinant proteins in animal cells is commonly achieved by using gene amplification techniques. Gene amplified cells possess up to several thousand genes coding for the target protein. Constitutive expression of these genes leads to high levels of the corresponding mRNA species and the immature protein in the cell. ...
Burke D J - - 1997
We used a genetic assay to monitor the behavior of sister chromatids during the cell cycle. We show that the ability to induce sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) with ionizing radiation is maximal in budded cells with undivided nuclei and then decreases prior to nuclear division. SCE can be induced in ...
Crick D C - - 1997
Although UT-2 cells, a mutant clone of Chinese hamster ovary cells, have been shown to require mevalonate for growth due to a deficiency in 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase, the precise mevalonate-derived product(s) essential for proliferation has not been identified. These studies show that UT-2 cells proliferate in the presence of free geranylgeraniol ...
Dahle J - - 1997
Microcolonies of 2-8 Madison-Darby canine kidney cells (MDCK II) and Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (V79) cells were incubated with the photosensitizer Photofrin and exposed to light, and the resulting number of dead cells per colony was determined. The distribution of this number was found to be incompatible with the assumption ...
Ong T - - 1997
Many workers as well as the general public are exposed to glass fibers, which are among the most common man-made fibers. Information related to their genotoxicity and potential carcinogenicity is still limited. In this study, we investigated the ability of glass fibers to induce micronucleated and multinucleated cells in cultured ...
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