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Ghaedi K - - 1999
We developed an improved method for isolation of peroxisome biogenesis-defective somatic animal cell mutants, using a combination of green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression and the 9-(1'-pyrene)nonanol/ultraviolet (P9OH/UV) selection method. We used TKaG1 and TKaG2 cells, the wild-type Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, CHO-K1, that had been stably transfected with cDNAs ...
Bol S A - - 1999
The butylating agent N-n-butyl-N-nitrosourea (BNU) was employed to study the role of nucleotide excision repair (NER) in protecting mammalian cells against the genotoxic effects of monofunctional alkylating agents. The direct acting agent BNU was found to be mutagenic in normal and XPA mouse splenocytes after a single i.p. treatment in ...
Silva M J - - 1999
Sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) were scored in lymphocytes of nine high-performance pilots of alphajet aircrafts and of ten control individuals from the same air base. Statistical analysis of the mean SCE count per cell in the total number of cells analyzed as well as in those having 12 or more ...
Saito M - - 1999
The influence of peroxisomal dysfunction on glycosphingolipid metabolism was investigated using mutant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells (Z65) with defective assembly of the peroxisomal membranes. In accordance with previous observations, the concentration of very long chain fatty acid (C24:0) was shown to be higher in Z65 cells than in control ...
Chidambaram N - - 1999
CD38 is a 46-kDa type II transmembrane glycoprotein that catalyses the synthesis of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) from NAD+. cADPR is a second messenger known to regulate intracellular Ca2+-induced Ca2+-release (CICR). A recent study has revealed that CD38 in Namalwa B cells undergoes internalization upon exposure to external NAD+. In this ...
Marini A - - 1999
The frequency of reversion in a histidine-requiring mutant of Saccharomyces cerevisiae increases about ten-fold in stationary cells during histidine starvation. Histidine starvation enhances a similar frequency of reversion in a tryptophan-requiring mutant. Starvation, therefore, enhances mutation frequencies in a non-adaptive manner. The base analogue 6-N-hydroxylaminopurine (HAP) added prior to plating ...
Okayasu R - - 1999
Cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of tremolite, erionite and the man-made ceramic (RCF-1) fibre were studied using the human-hamster hybrid A(L) cells. Results from these fibres were compared with those of UICC Rhodesian chrysotile fibres. The A(L) cell mutation assay, based on the S1 gene marker located on human chromosome 11, the ...
Fukasawa M - - 1999
LY-A strain is a Chinese hamster ovary cell mutant resistant to sphingomyelin (SM)-directed cytolysin and has a defect in de novo SM synthesis. Metabolic labeling experiments with radioactive serine, sphingosine, and choline showed that LY-A cells were defective in synthesis of SM from these precursors, but not syntheses of ceramide ...
Kalweit S - - 1999
The in vitro micronucleus test (MNT) is a useful assay for the detection of mutagenic events on both the chromosomal and the genomic level. The main disadvantage for introducing the in vitro MNT into official test guidelines seems to be the disparity of existing protocols. To contribute to the aim ...
Yamazaki S - - 1999
Cell bodies staining positively for serotonin (5HT) appear in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of hamsters that have been held in constant darkness (DD) for several months but are otherwise untreated. No such cell bodies are found in the SCN of animals that have been bilaterally enucleated for the same amount ...
Tal S - - 1999
Site-directed psbA mutants at the tyrosine Y112 position have been generated in Synechocystis PCC6803 cells. The mutation Y112F does not affect photosystem II (PSII) activity as compared with control 4 delta 1K cells. However, the Y112L mutant exhibits a photosynthetically impaired phenotype. PSII activity is not detectable in this mutant ...
Chang K H - - 1999
Sodium butyrate (NaBu) is known to enhance the rate of biosynthesis of recombinant proteins in Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO). Here we demonstrate that supplementation with NaBu during rapid growth brings about abrupt death of the cells. The death of the cells is due to apoptosis, as assessed by intranucleosomal ...
O'Rear J L - - 1999
Parental Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were mutagenized and subjected first to a mannose suicide selection technique and second to a screen of individual colonies grown on polyester discs for reduced mannose incorporation into protein. The incorporation of radioactivity for the selection and the screen was conducted at 41.5 degrees ...
Plewa M J - - 1999
Commercial products of agronomic crop plants may become a reliable and inexpensive source of phytonutrients, such as antimutagenic food supplements. We previously demonstrated that PCC, an ethanol extract of a commercial soybean processing by-product, was able to repress induced genomic DNA damage, whole cell clastogenicity, and point mutation in mammalian ...
Erexson G L - - 1999
We have established and characterized primary mouse and rat cell strains for studies designed to complement in vivo gene mutation assays using the Big Blue(R) mouse or rat. Primary fibroblast cell strains, designated BBM1 and BBR1, were derived from a transgenic male Big Blue(R) B6C3F1 mouse and from a male ...
Jones N A - - 1999
Flow cytometry allows rapid multiparameter analyses of individual cells. Cells are illuminated with incident laser light of a specific wavelength. Resultant light scatter signals and fluorescence-emission signals from fluorochromes contained at the surface of the cell or within it are detected by an array of photomultiplier tubes. For example, fluorochrome-conjugated ...
Scarselli M - - 1999
Apomorphine is a potent non selective agonist at the D1 and D2 dopamine receptors acting both pre- and post-synaptically. In this report we describe a novel function of apomorphine, independent from its dopaminergic activity. Apomorphine inhibits Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. The EC50 of apomorphine-induced ...
Stamato T D - - 1998
PURPOSE: To review studies of mutagen-induced colony sectoring which demonstrate that UV light and EMS produce delayed mutational events in Chinese hamster ovary cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: Since the late 1940s, it has been known that the treatment of a single bacterial or yeast cell with mutagenic agents produces complete ...
Sasai K - - 1998
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a pluripotent growth factor which acts in various cell systems. LIF is a glycoprotein containing six putative N-glycosylation sites. We established Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines to evaluate the biological roles of the N-glycosylation in rat LIF (rLIF). The bioactivity of rLIF was evaluated ...
Zanghi J A - - 1998
Ammonia is a major concern in biotechnology because it often limits recombinant protein production by animal cells. Conditions, such as ammonia accumulation, in large-scale production systems can parallel those that develop within fast-growing solid tumors such as small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Ammonia's specific inhibition of the sialylation of secreted ...
Erexson G L - - 1998
The transgenic Big Blue Rat2 and Big Blue mouse embryonic fibroblast cell lines have been used to complement the transgenic Big Blue rat and mouse in vivo mutagenesis assays. However, limited information is available regarding the karyology of these cell lines. Therefore, we have characterized the ploidy, mitotic index, spontaneous ...
Vreeswijk M P - - 1998
Cells from Cockayne's syndrome (CS) patients are hypersensitive to the cytotoxic effects of UV-irradiation and are defective in transcription coupled repair (TCR). We have examined the mutagenic consequences of impaired TCR in the Chinese hamster cell line UV61, the rodent homologue of CS complementation group B. Analysis of the two ...
Kaiden A - - 1998
B211, a glycosylation mutant isolated from Chinese hamster ovary cells, synthesizes 10- to 15-fold less Glc3Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-lipid, the substrate used by the oligosaccharide transferase in the synthesis of asparagine-linked glycoproteins. B211 cells are also 10- to 15-fold deficient in the glucosylation of oligosaccharide-lipid. Despite these properties, protein glycosylation in B211 cells ...
Kojima N - - 1998
To determine the effect of alpha1,6-linked fucose modification of N-glycans on the expression of polysialic acids (PSAs), the expression of PSAs in a fucose-lacking mutant of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, Lec13, was compared with that in CHO K1 cells. PSA synthase activity in these cells and the antennary structures ...
Hashiguchi K - - 1998
The partial nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene were analyzed in five rodent cell lines, prior to the analysis of mutation spectrum in the gene. Total DNA was isolated from V79 and CHO-K1 cell lines from Chinese hamster and murine cell lines, Balb Y SV and PCC4 AG Cap, ...
Bolzán A D - - 1998
The effects of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and the hydroxyl radical scavenger mannitol (MAN) on the clastogenesis induced by STZ in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and mosquito cells were investigated. The addition of liposome-entrapped SOD, CAT and MAN to both cell lines caused a significant decrease ...
Loupart M L - - 1998
A 4 Mb human mini-chromosome, DeltaDelta2, was transferred from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells into a mouse L cell line. The mini-chromosome could be transferred intact into the L cells, with 112/119 clones maintaining a mini-chromosome of the same size as the original. Ten clones were grown for 30 days ...
Tesfai Y - - 1998
The interaction of multiple carcinogens on human cells has not been extensively examined. This study reports the results of experiments in which normal human fibroblasts were exposed to both benzo[a]pyrene diolepoxide (BPDE) and potassium dichromate. The effect of four different treatment protocols on the cloning ability of the cells and ...
Ikushima T - - 1998
Treatments of Chinese hamster V79 cells during one cell cycle with a new type of topoisomerase II inhibitor, ICRF-193, which does not accumulate cleavable topoisomerase-DNA complexes induced both chromosome- and chromatid-type aberrations with high frequencies. Furthermore, ICRF-193 synergistically enhanced the yield of UVB-induced chromatid-type aberrations, chromatid exchanges in particular. Treated ...
Lin S - - 1998
The mechanism by which planktonic marine cyanobacteria of the genus Trichodesmium fix N2 aerobically during photosynthesis without heterocysts is unknown. As an aid in understanding how these species protect nitrogenase, we have developed an immunofluorescence technique coupled to light microscopy (IF-LM) with which intact cyanobacteria can be immunolabeled and the ...
Brezden C B - - 1998
The 2-nitroimidazoles have been used clinically to radiosensitize resistant hypoxic cells, but a dose-limiting peripheral neuropathy has restricted their therapeutic effectiveness. A model compound, 1-methyl-2-nitroimidazole (INO2), was used to investigate the possible role of oxidative stress in this normal tissue toxicity. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were 10-15 times more ...
Azarani A - - 1998
Endothelin-converting enzyme (ECE) is a phosphoramidon-sensitive membrane-bound metalloprotease responsible for the conversion of big-endothelins into endothelins [Yanagisawa, Kurihara, Kimura, Tomobe, Kobayashi, Mitsui, Yazaki, Goto and Masaki (1988) Nature (London) 332, 411-415]. Several distinct isoforms of ECE have been cloned and identified. ECE-1a, b and c have the same ectodomain and ...
Saito K - - 1998
Phosphatidylserine (PS) in mammalian cells is synthesized through the exchange of free L-serine with the base moiety of phosphatidylcholine or phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). The serine base exchange in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells is catalyzed by at least two enzymes, PS synthase (PSS) I and II. A PSS I-lacking mutant of ...
Wang T C - - 1998
N-Methylcarbamate esters are an important group of insecticides. They have lower acute toxicity to vertebrates than organophosphates, although their genotoxicity has not been adequately studied. Here we investigate the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of N-methylcarbamate insecticides and their N-nitroso derivatives in Chinese hamster V79 cells, using the hprt locus as a ...
Nagan N - - 1998
We have developed a two-step selection protocol to generate a population of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell variants that are plasmalogen-deficient, but contain intact, functional peroxisomes (plasmalogen-/peroxisome+). This involved sequential exposures of a mutagenized cell population to photodynamic damage by using two different pyrene-labelled sensors, 9-(1'-pyrene)nonanol and 12-(1'-pyrene)dodecanoic acid. By ...
Lu P J - - 1998
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has color properties of extreme whiteness and brightness, is relatively inexpensive, and is extensively used as a white pigment in a variety of materials. TiO2, an effective blocker of ultraviolet light, is frequently added to sunscreens and cosmetic creams. However, the genotoxicity of TiO2 remains to be ...
Varga E V - - 1998
The identification of adenylyl cyclase isoenzymes in mammalian host cells is important for the interpretation of data obtained from cell lines heterologously expressing G-protein coupled receptors. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to amplify adenylyl cyclase cDNAs from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and mouse fibroblast (B82) cells. The ...
Priola S A - - 1998
Inherited forms of the human transmissible spongiform encephalopathy Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) have been associated with mutations in the normal soluble, protease-sensitive form of the host prion protein (PrP-sen). Normal PrP protein contains five copies of a repeating eight-amino acid region, and PrP molecules with six or more copies of this ...
Walderich B - - 1998
Blastocystis hominis isolates from asymptomatic carriers and symptomatic patients were cultured in vitro, purified from the co-cultivated bacterial flora and tested for cytopathic effects on monolayers of Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells and Adeno Carcinoma HT29 cells. In the case of the CHO cells, living B. hominis cells and B. ...
Tzung T Y - - 1998
PURPOSE: To characterize further the contribution of the DNA-PK-dependent dsb repair pathway in mammalian cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The efficiency and fidelity of the joining of linear plasmids by DNA-PKcs-defective mouse cells (SCID) and Ku80-defective Chinese hamster ovary cells (xrs-6) was measured using either linear or circular replicating shuttle vector ...
Kuge O - - 1998
Phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) synthesis in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells occurs through the exchange of L-serine with the base moiety of phosphatidylcholine or phosphatidylethanolamine. The synthesis is depressed on the addition of PtdSer to the culture medium. A CHO cell mutant named mutant 29, whose PtdSer biosynthesis is highly resistant to ...
Mitaroff A - - 1998
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and thermoluminescent detectors (TLD-700) were used for physical and biological verification of heavy ion treatment planning. Experiments were performed in a cylindrical water phantom, in some cases with lung and bone equivalent material in front of the target volume. The results confirm the possibility of ...
Taets C - - 1998
Pesticide contamination of drinking water supplies has increased over the past decade. A major concern is how exposure to combinations of low levels of pesticides, especially herbicides, could affect public health. Flow cytometric analysis was performed to determine the clastogenic potential of herbicide interaction on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. ...
Stone S J - - 1998
In eukaryotic cells, phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) is synthesized by two distinct synthases on the endoplasmic reticulum by a base-exchange reaction in which the polar head-group of an existing phospholipid is replaced with serine. We report the cloning and expression of a cDNA for mouse liver PtdSer synthase-1. The deduced protein sequence ...
Avramoglu R K - - 1998
The low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) is responsible for the clearance of several physiological ligands including a complex of proteinase and alpha2-macroglobulin (alpha2M) and for the entrance of Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PEA) into cells. We have prepared expression plasmids for the full-length chicken LRP (designated LRP100) and two intermediates ...
Velasco J A - - 1998
We reported previously that expression of the cph oncogene in Syrian hamster and mouse cells leads to the secretion of a polypeptide factor or factors structurally and functionally related to neu differentiation factor (NDF) and the establishment of an autocrine loop mediated through the simultaneous overexpression of the erbB4 receptor. ...
Sburlati A R - - 1998
Genetic engineering of oligosaccharide biosynthesis pathways in mammalian cells makes possible generation of new recombinant glycoproteins of potential importance in the biopharmaceutical industry. Most prior investigations of glycosylation engineering of secreted heterologous glycoproteins involve terminal steps of oligosaccharide biosynthesis. In particular, increasing the frequency of bisected structures within the glycoform ...
Zhu W - - 1998
We have examined whether cells with replication error-positive (RER+) and -negative phenotype (RER ) respond differently to the mutagen MNNG, employing three RER+ and two RER- human cell lines. Cells were treated with several concentrations of MNNG, and HPRT mutants were selected phenotypically by their growth in the presence of ...
Glatt H - - 1998
Sulfation is a common final step in the biotransformation of xenobiotics and is traditionally associated with inactivation. However, the sulfate group is electron-withdrawing and may be cleaved off heterolytically in some molecules leading to electrophilic cations which may form adducts with DNA and other important cellular structures. Since endogenous sulfotransferases ...
Hong S T - - 1998
In the present study, we examined the effects of hemin on the mutagenicity of 6-sulfooxymethylbenzo[a]pyrene (SMBP) in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 and Chinese hamster lung fibroblast (V79) cells. The compound was tested for the possible chemoprotective activity against mutagenesis induced by SMBP and its precursor, 6-hydroxymethylbenzo[a]pyrene (HMBP), activated by hepatic cytosol ...
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