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Results 301 - 350 of 1477
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Forsman T T Orion Pharma, Molecular Biology and Target Protein Research, University of Helsinki, Finland. - - 2000
Human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) 1A6 and 1A9 were expressed using Semliki Forest virus (SFV) vectors. Infection of chinese hamster lung fibroblast V79 cells with recombinant SFV-UGT viruses resulted in efficient protein expression as detected by metabolic labeling, Western blot analyses and immunofluorescence microscopy. The expression of UGT 1A6 and UGT1A9 in ...
Cai Y - - 2000
The DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) has been shown to protect cells from the toxic and mutagenic effect of alkylating agents by removing lesions from the O6 position of guanine. O6-Benzylguanine (BG) is a potent inactivator of AGT, resulting in an increase in the sensitivity of cells to the ...
Claveau D - - 2000
Cathepsin K is a cysteine protease that degrades type I human collagen during bone resorption. We have expressed the recombinant human cathepsin K in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells as a pre-proenzyme and demonstrated that it is processed intracellularly to an active enzyme form and that only the proenzyme form ...
Chai J G - - 2000
Two apparently contradictory observations have been made concerning peripheral T cell tolerance; costimulation-deficient Ag presentation leads to unresponsiveness, and CTLA4 (CD152) ligation is required for unresponsiveness to be induced. This issue was addressed using a CD80- CD86low B cell line to present Ag to DO.11.10 naive CD4+ T cells. Proliferation ...
Walicka M A - - 2000
To understand the biophysical mechanism(s) underlying the induction of cell death by the decay of the Auger electron emitter iodine-125 in DNA, Chinese hamster V79 lung fibroblasts were labeled with 5-[(125)I]iodo-2'-deoxyuridine ((125)IdU) for two doubling times and frozen and stored at -135 degrees C in the presence of 0.26-3.0 M ...
Cappelli E - - 2000
The repair of the endogenous lesion 8-oxo-7,8-dihydrodeoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) was investigated in the nucleotide excision repair mutant xeroderma pigmentosum D (XPD), using human normal or transformed XPD fibroblasts and the Chinese hamster XPD cell line UV5. In vivo repair of 8-oxodG induced by hydrogen peroxide treatment and analyzed by high-performance liquid ...
Sundberg K - - 2000
V79 Chinese hamster cells have previously been shown to lack the capacity to detoxify the mutagenic and carcinogenic compound (+)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene 7,8-dihydrodiol 9,10-epoxide [(+)-anti-BPDE] by Pi class glutathione transferase (GSTPi)-catalysed conjugation with GSH, although these cells contain such an enzyme [Romert, Dock, Jenssen and Jernström (1989) Carcinogenesis 10, 1701-1707; Swedmark, Romert, ...
Waite K A - - 2000
The mutant Chinese hamster ovary cell line (CHO), MT58, has a temperature-sensitive mutation in CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (CT), preventing phosphatidylcholine (PC) synthesis at 40 degrees C which results in apoptosis. Previous studies (Houweling, M., Cui, Z., and Vance, D. E. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 16277-16282) showed that expression of wild-type ...
Wang W - - 2000
Bloom's syndrome (BS) is a rare genetic disorder and the cells from BS patients show genomic instability and an increased level of sister chromatid exchange (SCE). We generated BLM(-/-) and BLM(-/-)/RAD54(-/-) DT40 cells from the chicken B-lymphocyte line DT40. The BLM(-/-) DT40 cells showed higher sensitivity to methyl methanesulfonate and ...
Chiesa R - - 2000
Insertional and point mutations in the gene encoding the prion protein (PrP) are responsible for familial prion diseases. We have previously generated lines of Chinese hamster ovary cells that express PrP molecules carrying pathogenic mutations, and found that the mutant proteins display several biochemical properties reminiscent of PrP(Sc), the infectious ...
Norgard-Sumnicht K - - 2000
In the preceding article (Manzi,A.E., Norgard-Sumnicht,K., Argade,S., Marth,J.D., van Halbeek,H. and Varki.A. [2000] GLYCOBIOLOGY:, 10, 669-688), we reported a comprehensive approach for the extraction, fractionation, and isolation of all of the major classes of sugar chains (glycans) from vertebrate tissues. Here we apply this "Glycan Isolation Protocol" to a variety ...
De Marco A - - 2000
In a program coordinated by the Italian Ministry of Works, we tested in vitro four pesticides widely employed in a developed agricultural region of central Italy. The four commercial agents were chosen on the basis of their diffusion in agricultural practice, knowledge of their active principle(s), and scant availability of ...
Clubb B H - - 2000
Plectin is a high-molecular-weight cytoskeleton-associated protein that was initially identified in intermediate filament (IF)-enriched fractions of rat C6 glioma cells. At the cellular level, plectin has been found to associate with IF networks and IF-associated structures that are involved in cell-cell and cell-substrate adhesions. IFAP300 is an IF-associated protein that ...
Ko J H - - 2000
We have developed a transgenic female goat harboring goat beta-casein promoter/human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) fusion gene by microinjection into fertilized one-cell goat zygotes. Human G-CSF was produced at levels of up to 50 microg/ml in transgenic goat milk. Its biological activity was equivalent to recombinant human G-CSF expressed ...
Borchardt T - - 2000
Previous studies have demonstrated that adding copper to Chinese-hamster ovary (CHO) cells greatly reduced the levels of beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide in parental CHO-K1 and in copper resistant CHO-CUR3 cells which have lower intracellular copper levels. In the current study, zinc, the zinc chelator 1,10-phenanthroline or copper chelators bathocuproine and D-penicillamine ...
Prati E G - - 2000
Production of O-linked oligosaccharides that interact with selectins to mediate cell-cell adhesion occurs in one segment of a branched glycan biosynthesis network. Prior efforts to direct the branched pathway towards selectin-binding oligosaccharides by amplifying enzymes in this branch of the network have had limited success, suggesting that metabolic engineering to ...
Ventura A L - - 2000
To investigate the role of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) in the desensitization and down-regulation of the D(1) dopamine receptor, we stably expressed the rat cDNA for this receptor in mutant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines deficient in PKA activity. The 10260 mutant CHO cell line has been characterized ...
Huang Y - - 2000
SK24 and PT54 mutant cells, which are peroxisome-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells isolated using peroxisomal forms of green fluorescent protein (GFP), were found to be defective in the PEX2 gene. The nucleotide sequences of PEX2 cDNA from the mutant cells were determined to identify mutation sites in the mutant ...
Taghibiglou C - - 2000
We studied the biogenesis of apolipoprotein B (apoB) in primary hepatocytes isolated from hamster liver, an animal model with striking resemblance to humans in lipoprotein metabolism. Hamster hepatocytes were found to assemble and secrete apoB-containing lipoproteins at a density of VLDL. Intracellular mechanisms of apoB biogenesis were investigated in both ...
Yoon B I - - 2000
Recently, cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCC) was successfully induced in the hamster by infecting with Clonorchis sinensis following hepatocarcinogen treatment and has been proposed as a suitable model to study the pathogenesis of human CCC. In this hamster model, oval cells are suggested to be cells of origin of CCC. More direct ...
Fujikawa-Yamamoto K - - 2000
To examine whether or not cells polyploidized by different mechanisms behave in a different manner after drug removal, V79 Chinese hamster cells were assessed by flow cytometry (FCM) after their polyploidization by demecolcine and K-252a, inhibitors of spindle-fiber formation and protein kinase, respectively. Cell cycle analysis of DNA histograms of ...
Matsuoka A - - 2000
The 2-phenylbenzotriazole (PBTA)-type water pollutant, 2-[2-(acetylamino)-4-[N-(2-cyanoethyl)ethylamino]-5-methoxyphenyl]-5- amino-7-bromo-4-chloro-2H-benzotriazole (PBTA-2), has been recently identified in samples from the Nishitakase River in Kyoto, Japan, and shows potent mutagenic activities in Salmonella typhimurium in the presence of a microsomal metabolizing system (S9 mix). In the present study, we conducted the in vitro micronucleus (MN) ...
Feng M - - 2000
Thermoplastic copolymers of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) (molar ratio: 75/25 HEMA-MMA) were synthesized using HEMA containing different amounts of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) to investigate their suitability for cell microencapsulation. Pure HEMA (0.0% EGDMA) was obtained with preparative chromatography to prepare a linear copolymer. Microcapsules (with a ...
Teo S - - 2000
Thalomid is the FDA-approved commercial formulation of thalidomide currently used in the US to treat erythema nodosum leprosum, a complication of leprosy. The genotoxicity of Thalomid thalidomide was assessed in the Ames reverse mutation, AS52/XPRT mammalian cell forward gene mutation, and mouse bone marrow micronucleus assays. The Ames and AS52 ...
Ermonval M - - 2000
The involvement of N-glycans in the folding of influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) was analyzed in two CHO-derived glycosylation mutants exhibiting a thermosensitive defect for secretion of human placental alkaline phosphatase. Truncated Man(5)GlcNAc(2)oligosaccharides with one or three glucose residues are attached to proteins of the MadIA214 and B3F7AP2-1 mutant cells, respectively. ...
Varga E V - - 2000
Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to identify the pertussis toxin (Ptx)-sensitive G protein alpha-subunit pool in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and mouse fibroblast (B82) cells. We detected the presence of mRNA for G(ialpha2), G(ialpha3), and G(oalpha) in both cell lines. G(ialpha1) and G(alphaz) mRNAs were not detected. We also ...
Yang L X - - 2000
To evaluate the in vitro cytotoxic and radiopotentiating effects of a novel paclitaxel analog (taxoltere metro) on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and human colon cancer cells. Three cell lines (CHO cells, HCT116 human colon carcinoma cells [paclitaxel-sensitive], and VM46 cells [paclitaxel-resistant subline of HCT116]) were employed in this study. ...
Umaña P - - 1999
The glycosylation patterns of recombinant therapeutic glycoproteins can be engineered by overexpression of glycosyltransferases in the host cells used for glycoprotein production. Most prior glycosylation engineering experiments have involved constitutive expression of cloned glycosyltransferases. Here we use tetracycline-regulated expression of two glycosyltransferases, N-acetylglucosaminlytransferases III and V (GnTIII and GnTV) to ...
Schiltz M - - 1999
Earlier studies have shown that the profile of mutations induced by (+)-7R,8S-dihydroxy-9S,10R-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (+)-BPDE at the hypoxanthine (guanine) phosphoribosyltransferase (hprt) gene of Chinese hamster V79 cells was dependent on the concentration of (+)-BPDE. In the present study, we examined the effect of the concentration of (+)-BPDE on its mutational profile at ...
Salama S A - - 1999
Polymorphisms in chemical metabolizing genes are known to influence individual susceptibility to environmental cancer. We investigated the role of GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms in modifying the genotoxicity of a tobacco-specific nitrosamine, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) using the sister chromatid exchange (SCE), and the tandem-probe fluorescence in situ hybridization chromosome aberration (CA) assays. ...
Zhou H - - 1999
The mutagenicity of 4-methylnitrosamine-1-3-pyridyl-1-butanone (NNK), either alone or in combination with low dose alpha particle irradiation, was examined using the human-hamster hybrid (A(L)) cell assay. NNK induced a dose-dependent toxicity in A(L) cells. In combination with a 25 cGy dose of alpha particles, the induced survival fraction fell within the ...
Yoshitatsu M - - 1999
The cell membrane-bound forms of mini-factor H with 1-4 short consensus repeats (fH-PI) and factor I (fI-PI) were constructed. Swine endothelial cell (SEC) lines and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell expressing fH-PI or fI-PI were established and confirmed by flow cytometry. The cell lysate of the SEC line expressing fH-PI ...
Knasmüller S - - 1999
In order to study the mutagenic effects of heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) in cells of human origin, five compounds, namely 2-amino-3-methyl-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), 2-amino-3, 4-dimethyl-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (MeIQ), 2-amino-3, 8-dimethyl-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx), the pyridoimidazo derivative 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP) and 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1), were tested in micronucleus (MN) assays with a human derived hepatoma (HepG2) cell line. ...
Binley K M - - 1999
PRS3 is one of a family of five genes encoding phosphoribosylpyrophosphate synthetase, an enzyme which catalyses the first step in a variety of biosynthetic pathways, including purine and pyrimidine biosynthesis. We report here that prs3Delta mutants have a number of phenotypes that suggest an unexpected role for PRS3 in linking ...
Berntsson P S - - 1999
Cells in mitosis were seeded immediately after being harvested by the mitotic shake off technique from a culture of exponentially growing Chinese hamster ovary cells. At 2, 5, 7, 10, and 12 h after seeding, cycloheximide was added. Cells were sampled at various times after cycloheximide addition and the ornithine ...
Masuda S - - 1999
In the central nervous system, astrocytes produce erythropoietin (Epo) and neurons express its receptor. To examine whether or not the brain Epo protects the in vitro cultured neurons from glutamate-induced cell death, we established rat astrocyte cell lines containing the plasmid for production of recombinant rat Epo. Epo partially purified ...
Heth G - - 1999
In this investigation, the authors used habituation techniques to explore similarities and differences in the qualities of individual odors from hamsters. In Experiment 1, male Turkish hamsters (Mesocricetus brandti) treated flank-gland odors of 2 males from 1 litter as similar compared with the odor of a male from another litter, ...
Kuge O - - 1999
Phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells is synthesized through the action of PtdSer synthase (PSS) I and II, which catalyzes the exchange of L-serine with the base moiety of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, respectively. The PtdSer synthesis in a CHO cell mutant, PSA-3, which lacks PSS I but has ...
Butters T D - - 1999
Heterologous gene expression in either (1) the glycosylation-defective, mutant Chinese hamster ovary cell line, Lec3.2.8.1, or (2) the presence of the alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, N-butyldeoxynojirimycin facilitates the trimming of N-linked glycans of glycoproteins to single N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues with endoglycosidase H (endo H). Both approaches are somewhat inefficient, however, with as ...
Sato Y - - 1999
Recent results on cell killing by microbeams were analysed using three parameters (k, L, L1), where k is the mean number of lethal particles per cell nucleus, L [keV/microm] is the track-average LET (linear energy transfer) in cells, and L1 [keV/microm] is a critical value for inducing lethal damage by ...
Barbour S E - - 1999
Phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) is the most abundant phospholipid in mammalian cell membranes and is essential for cell viability. The levels of this lipid must be tightly controlled to maintain homeostasis. Therefore, changes in the rate of PtdCho synthesis are generally balanced by changes in PtdCho catabolism and vice versa. It is ...
Sanfeliu A - - 1999
The effect of glutamine depletion on the death of attached Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells was investigated. Experiments were performed using an anchorage dependent CHO cell line expressing gamma-IFN and a second cell line obtained by transfection of that cell line with the human bcl-2 (hbcl-2). Either cell line could ...
Matsuoka A - - 1999
In our previous in vitro micronucleus (MN) study, we showed that aneugens, in addition to inducing micronuclei, induce a higher frequency of polynuclear (PN) and mitotic (M) cells than clastogens. We hypothesized that the frequency of PN and M cells induced can distinguish aneugens from clastogens. To test the hypothesis, ...
Cai Y - - 1999
Cyclophosphamide is used to treat a wide range of human malignancies. However, it is also a known carcinogen associated with induction of therapy-related leukemia and bladder cancer. The DNA repair protein, O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT), protects cells from the toxic and mutagenic effects of O6-alkylating agents. We report here the contribution ...
Heine H - - 1999
Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and TLR4 have been implicated in the responses of cells to LPS (endotoxin). CD14-transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 fibroblasts (CHO/CD14) are exquisitely sensitive to endotoxin. Sequence analysis of CHO-TLR2, compared with human and mouse TLR2, revealed a single base pair deletion. This frameshift mutation resulted in ...
Chang C C - - 1999
Zellweger syndrome and related disorders represent a group of lethal, genetically heterogeneous diseases. These peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) are characterized by defective peroxisomal matrix protein import and comprise at least 10 complementation groups. The genes defective in seven of these groups and more than 90% of PBD patients are now ...
Ghaedi K - - 1999
We isolated peroxisome biogenesis-defective mutants from rat PEX2-transformed Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, using the 9-(1'-pyrene)nonanol/ultraviolet method. A total of 18 mutant cell clones showing cytosolic localization of catalase were isolated. By complementation group (CG) analysis by means of PEX cDNA transfection and cell fusion, cell mutants, ZP124 and ZP126, ...
Ghaedi K - - 1999
We developed an improved method for isolation of peroxisome biogenesis-defective somatic animal cell mutants, using a combination of green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression and the 9-(1'-pyrene)nonanol/ultraviolet (P9OH/UV) selection method. We used TKaG1 and TKaG2 cells, the wild-type Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, CHO-K1, that had been stably transfected with cDNAs ...
Bol S A - - 1999
The butylating agent N-n-butyl-N-nitrosourea (BNU) was employed to study the role of nucleotide excision repair (NER) in protecting mammalian cells against the genotoxic effects of monofunctional alkylating agents. The direct acting agent BNU was found to be mutagenic in normal and XPA mouse splenocytes after a single i.p. treatment in ...
Silva M J - - 1999
Sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) were scored in lymphocytes of nine high-performance pilots of alphajet aircrafts and of ten control individuals from the same air base. Statistical analysis of the mean SCE count per cell in the total number of cells analyzed as well as in those having 12 or more ...
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