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Results 301 - 350 of 1496
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Erexson G L - - 2001
Both the V79 and CHO cell lines are routinely used in the in vitro MN screening assay for the detection of possible genotoxicants. The CHO cell line is the predominant cell line currently used in the genetic toxicology testing industry. However, some laboratories routinely utilize the V79 cell line since ...
Bai X - - 2001
We report the characterization of two Chinese hamster ovary cell lines that produce large amounts of sulfated N-linked oligosaccharides. Clones 26 and 489 were derived by stable transfection of the glycosaminoglycan-deficient cell mutant pgsA-745 with a cDNA library prepared from wild-type cells. Peptide:N-glycanase F released nearly all of the sulfate ...
Ermonval M - - 2001
A soluble form of ribophorin I (RI(332)) is rapidly degraded in Hela and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by a cytosolic proteasomal pathway, and the N-linked glycan present on the protein may play an important role in this process. Specifically, it has been suggested that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) mannosidase I ...
Matsuoka A - - 2001
We performed the in vitro micronucleus (MN) test on 2-[2-(acetylamino)-4-[bis(2-methoxyethyl)amino]-5-methoxyphenyl]-5-amino-7-bromo-4-chloro-2H-benzotriazole (PBTA-1) and 2-[2-(acetylamino)-4-[N-(2-cyanoethyl)-ethylamino]-5-methoxyphenyl]-5-amino-7-bromo-4-chloro-2H-benzotriazole (PBTA-2), which are newly identified water pollutants from the Nishitakase river in Kyoto, Japan, and on their possible mother compounds (AZO DYE) and intermediates (non-ClPBTAs). We tested these compounds in the absence and presence of S9 mix ...
Lee J S - - 2001
Sphingolipid metabolites, such as sphingosine and ceramide, are known to play important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis, but the physiological roles of phytosphingosine (PHS) and phytoceramide (PHC) are poorly understood. In this study we investigated the effects of PHS, C2-PHC (N-acetylPHS) and C6-PHC (N-hexanoylPHS) on cell growth and ...
Bame K J - - 2001
Heparanases are endoglycosidases that cleave the heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans from proteoglycan core proteins and degrade them to small oligosaccharides. Inside cells, these enzymes are important for the normal catabolism of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs), generating glycosaminoglycan fragments that are then transported to lysosomes and completely degraded. When secreted, heparanases are ...
Baker K N - - 2001
Chinese hamster ovary and murine myeloma NS0 cells are currently favored host cell types for the production of therapeutic recombinant proteins. In this study, we compared N-glycan processing in GS-NS0 and GS-CHO cells producing the same model recombinant glycoprotein, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1. By manipulation of intracellular nucleotide-sugar content, ...
Lee S H - - 2001
Self-imcompatibility is a controlling genetic mechanism to prevent self-pollination for Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris), one of the major vegetable crops in Korea. To maintain inbred lines of the crop plant, a method in that high CO2 gas is treated to the pistils to overcome the self-incompatibility and thereby self-pollens can ...
Farkasová T - - 2001
The clastogenicity/aneugenicity of N-heterocyclic polycyclic aromatic pollutant 7H-dibenzo[c,g]carbazole (DBC) and its two synthetic derivatives N-methyl DBC (MeDBC) and 5,9-dimethyl DBC (diMeDBC) was evaluated in the genetically engineered Chinese hamster V79 cell line V79MZh1A1 with stable expression of human cytochrome P4501A1 and in the parental V79MZ cell line without any cytochrome ...
Kobayashi J - - 2001
The authors investigated the binding of human plasma 125I-labelled chylomicrons to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, i.e. native CHO cells are mutant ldl-A7 cells lacking the low-density lipoproteins receptor, in the absence and presence of exogenous bovine milk lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in the culture medium. Only a small amount of ...
Boiteux S - - 2001
The repair mechanisms involved in the removal of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) in damaged DNA have been investigated using cell-free extracts or purified proteins. However, in vivo repair assays are required to further dissect mechanisms involved in the repair of 8-oxoG in the cellular context. In this study, we analyzed the removal ...
Eberlein R - - 2001
Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells are used for fermentation of high value proteins in the pharmaceutical- and biotechnology industry. During the fermentation process the cells are grown under specific conditions in a defined media. The CHO cells produce extra cellular proteins. Separation and purification of these proteins result in the ...
Liu C - - 2001
When aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) was added at a concentration of 30 mg/l in DME/F12 medium to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) NTHU-108 cells in static six-well plates, some of the cells exhibited adherent growth while others grew in suspension. Beyond the critical concentration of ATA, CHO cells grew in single-cell suspension. ...
Nara K - - 2001
We have isolated N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine-resistant cell lines from 43-3B Chinese hamster ovary cells, which are deficient in the ERCC1 gene involved in nucleotide excision repair. By Western blotting analysis, we found cell lines that are deficient or decreased in the amount of MSH6, or PMS2, or MSH2 proteins. Cell extracts of ...
Lillehoj E P - - 2001
Recently, we cloned and characterized a full-length cDNA of the hamster Muc1 gene, the expression of which appears to be associated with secretory cell differentiation (Park HR, Hyun SW, and Kim KC. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 15: 237-244, 1996). The role of Muc1 mucins in the airway, however, ...
Corver W E - - 2001
Flow cytometry (FCM) is a sophisticated technique for rapid simultaneous analysis of multiple cellular parameters. The technique is based on the interception of a hydrodynamically focused stream of single cells in suspension by an excitation light beam at high speed. As a result, each cell produces light scattering and fluorescence, ...
van Duijn-Goedhart A - - 2000
To shed light on the mechanism underlying the cellular response to the radiomimetic agents calicheamicin Y(1)(1) (CAL) and neocarzinostatin (NCS), several hamster cell mutants defective in different DNA repair pathways were used. Two X-ray sensitive Chinese hamster V79 mutant cell lines, XR-V9B and V-E5 were studied for their response to ...
Tomioka S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In spite of its high placental transfer, propofol is frequently used in general anesthesia and sedation during obstetric and gynecological surgery such as in vitro fertilization. This study investigated whether or not propofol has a genotoxic potential by the sister chromatid exchange assay in vitro. METHODS: Sister chromatid exchanges ...
Hasinoff B B - - 2000
The bisdioxopiperazines, including dexrazoxane (ICRF-187), are catalytic or noncleavable complex-forming inhibitors of DNA topoisomerase II that do not produce DNA strand breaks. In this study we show that dexrazoxane inhibits the division of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells resulting in marked increases in cell size (up to 80 microm in ...
Forsman T T Orion Pharma, Molecular Biology and Target Protein Research, University of Helsinki, Finland. - - 2000
Human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) 1A6 and 1A9 were expressed using Semliki Forest virus (SFV) vectors. Infection of chinese hamster lung fibroblast V79 cells with recombinant SFV-UGT viruses resulted in efficient protein expression as detected by metabolic labeling, Western blot analyses and immunofluorescence microscopy. The expression of UGT 1A6 and UGT1A9 in ...
Cai Y - - 2000
The DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) has been shown to protect cells from the toxic and mutagenic effect of alkylating agents by removing lesions from the O6 position of guanine. O6-Benzylguanine (BG) is a potent inactivator of AGT, resulting in an increase in the sensitivity of cells to the ...
Claveau D - - 2000
Cathepsin K is a cysteine protease that degrades type I human collagen during bone resorption. We have expressed the recombinant human cathepsin K in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells as a pre-proenzyme and demonstrated that it is processed intracellularly to an active enzyme form and that only the proenzyme form ...
Chai J G - - 2000
Two apparently contradictory observations have been made concerning peripheral T cell tolerance; costimulation-deficient Ag presentation leads to unresponsiveness, and CTLA4 (CD152) ligation is required for unresponsiveness to be induced. This issue was addressed using a CD80- CD86low B cell line to present Ag to DO.11.10 naive CD4+ T cells. Proliferation ...
Walicka M A - - 2000
To understand the biophysical mechanism(s) underlying the induction of cell death by the decay of the Auger electron emitter iodine-125 in DNA, Chinese hamster V79 lung fibroblasts were labeled with 5-[(125)I]iodo-2'-deoxyuridine ((125)IdU) for two doubling times and frozen and stored at -135 degrees C in the presence of 0.26-3.0 M ...
Cappelli E - - 2000
The repair of the endogenous lesion 8-oxo-7,8-dihydrodeoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) was investigated in the nucleotide excision repair mutant xeroderma pigmentosum D (XPD), using human normal or transformed XPD fibroblasts and the Chinese hamster XPD cell line UV5. In vivo repair of 8-oxodG induced by hydrogen peroxide treatment and analyzed by high-performance liquid ...
Sundberg K - - 2000
V79 Chinese hamster cells have previously been shown to lack the capacity to detoxify the mutagenic and carcinogenic compound (+)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene 7,8-dihydrodiol 9,10-epoxide [(+)-anti-BPDE] by Pi class glutathione transferase (GSTPi)-catalysed conjugation with GSH, although these cells contain such an enzyme [Romert, Dock, Jenssen and Jernström (1989) Carcinogenesis 10, 1701-1707; Swedmark, Romert, ...
Waite K A - - 2000
The mutant Chinese hamster ovary cell line (CHO), MT58, has a temperature-sensitive mutation in CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (CT), preventing phosphatidylcholine (PC) synthesis at 40 degrees C which results in apoptosis. Previous studies (Houweling, M., Cui, Z., and Vance, D. E. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 16277-16282) showed that expression of wild-type ...
Wang W - - 2000
Bloom's syndrome (BS) is a rare genetic disorder and the cells from BS patients show genomic instability and an increased level of sister chromatid exchange (SCE). We generated BLM(-/-) and BLM(-/-)/RAD54(-/-) DT40 cells from the chicken B-lymphocyte line DT40. The BLM(-/-) DT40 cells showed higher sensitivity to methyl methanesulfonate and ...
Chiesa R - - 2000
Insertional and point mutations in the gene encoding the prion protein (PrP) are responsible for familial prion diseases. We have previously generated lines of Chinese hamster ovary cells that express PrP molecules carrying pathogenic mutations, and found that the mutant proteins display several biochemical properties reminiscent of PrP(Sc), the infectious ...
Norgard-Sumnicht K - - 2000
In the preceding article (Manzi,A.E., Norgard-Sumnicht,K., Argade,S., Marth,J.D., van Halbeek,H. and Varki.A. [2000] GLYCOBIOLOGY:, 10, 669-688), we reported a comprehensive approach for the extraction, fractionation, and isolation of all of the major classes of sugar chains (glycans) from vertebrate tissues. Here we apply this "Glycan Isolation Protocol" to a variety ...
De Marco A - - 2000
In a program coordinated by the Italian Ministry of Works, we tested in vitro four pesticides widely employed in a developed agricultural region of central Italy. The four commercial agents were chosen on the basis of their diffusion in agricultural practice, knowledge of their active principle(s), and scant availability of ...
Clubb B H - - 2000
Plectin is a high-molecular-weight cytoskeleton-associated protein that was initially identified in intermediate filament (IF)-enriched fractions of rat C6 glioma cells. At the cellular level, plectin has been found to associate with IF networks and IF-associated structures that are involved in cell-cell and cell-substrate adhesions. IFAP300 is an IF-associated protein that ...
Ko J H - - 2000
We have developed a transgenic female goat harboring goat beta-casein promoter/human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) fusion gene by microinjection into fertilized one-cell goat zygotes. Human G-CSF was produced at levels of up to 50 microg/ml in transgenic goat milk. Its biological activity was equivalent to recombinant human G-CSF expressed ...
Borchardt T - - 2000
Previous studies have demonstrated that adding copper to Chinese-hamster ovary (CHO) cells greatly reduced the levels of beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide in parental CHO-K1 and in copper resistant CHO-CUR3 cells which have lower intracellular copper levels. In the current study, zinc, the zinc chelator 1,10-phenanthroline or copper chelators bathocuproine and D-penicillamine ...
Prati E G - - 2000
Production of O-linked oligosaccharides that interact with selectins to mediate cell-cell adhesion occurs in one segment of a branched glycan biosynthesis network. Prior efforts to direct the branched pathway towards selectin-binding oligosaccharides by amplifying enzymes in this branch of the network have had limited success, suggesting that metabolic engineering to ...
Ventura A L - - 2000
To investigate the role of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) in the desensitization and down-regulation of the D(1) dopamine receptor, we stably expressed the rat cDNA for this receptor in mutant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines deficient in PKA activity. The 10260 mutant CHO cell line has been characterized ...
Huang Y - - 2000
SK24 and PT54 mutant cells, which are peroxisome-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells isolated using peroxisomal forms of green fluorescent protein (GFP), were found to be defective in the PEX2 gene. The nucleotide sequences of PEX2 cDNA from the mutant cells were determined to identify mutation sites in the mutant ...
Taghibiglou C - - 2000
We studied the biogenesis of apolipoprotein B (apoB) in primary hepatocytes isolated from hamster liver, an animal model with striking resemblance to humans in lipoprotein metabolism. Hamster hepatocytes were found to assemble and secrete apoB-containing lipoproteins at a density of VLDL. Intracellular mechanisms of apoB biogenesis were investigated in both ...
Yoon B I - - 2000
Recently, cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCC) was successfully induced in the hamster by infecting with Clonorchis sinensis following hepatocarcinogen treatment and has been proposed as a suitable model to study the pathogenesis of human CCC. In this hamster model, oval cells are suggested to be cells of origin of CCC. More direct ...
Fujikawa-Yamamoto K - - 2000
To examine whether or not cells polyploidized by different mechanisms behave in a different manner after drug removal, V79 Chinese hamster cells were assessed by flow cytometry (FCM) after their polyploidization by demecolcine and K-252a, inhibitors of spindle-fiber formation and protein kinase, respectively. Cell cycle analysis of DNA histograms of ...
Matsuoka A - - 2000
The 2-phenylbenzotriazole (PBTA)-type water pollutant, 2-[2-(acetylamino)-4-[N-(2-cyanoethyl)ethylamino]-5-methoxyphenyl]-5- amino-7-bromo-4-chloro-2H-benzotriazole (PBTA-2), has been recently identified in samples from the Nishitakase River in Kyoto, Japan, and shows potent mutagenic activities in Salmonella typhimurium in the presence of a microsomal metabolizing system (S9 mix). In the present study, we conducted the in vitro micronucleus (MN) ...
Feng M - - 2000
Thermoplastic copolymers of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) and methyl methacrylate (MMA) (molar ratio: 75/25 HEMA-MMA) were synthesized using HEMA containing different amounts of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) to investigate their suitability for cell microencapsulation. Pure HEMA (0.0% EGDMA) was obtained with preparative chromatography to prepare a linear copolymer. Microcapsules (with a ...
Teo S - - 2000
Thalomid is the FDA-approved commercial formulation of thalidomide currently used in the US to treat erythema nodosum leprosum, a complication of leprosy. The genotoxicity of Thalomid thalidomide was assessed in the Ames reverse mutation, AS52/XPRT mammalian cell forward gene mutation, and mouse bone marrow micronucleus assays. The Ames and AS52 ...
Ermonval M - - 2000
The involvement of N-glycans in the folding of influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) was analyzed in two CHO-derived glycosylation mutants exhibiting a thermosensitive defect for secretion of human placental alkaline phosphatase. Truncated Man(5)GlcNAc(2)oligosaccharides with one or three glucose residues are attached to proteins of the MadIA214 and B3F7AP2-1 mutant cells, respectively. ...
Varga E V - - 2000
Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to identify the pertussis toxin (Ptx)-sensitive G protein alpha-subunit pool in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and mouse fibroblast (B82) cells. We detected the presence of mRNA for G(ialpha2), G(ialpha3), and G(oalpha) in both cell lines. G(ialpha1) and G(alphaz) mRNAs were not detected. We also ...
Yang L X - - 2000
To evaluate the in vitro cytotoxic and radiopotentiating effects of a novel paclitaxel analog (taxoltere metro) on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and human colon cancer cells. Three cell lines (CHO cells, HCT116 human colon carcinoma cells [paclitaxel-sensitive], and VM46 cells [paclitaxel-resistant subline of HCT116]) were employed in this study. ...
Umaña P - - 1999
The glycosylation patterns of recombinant therapeutic glycoproteins can be engineered by overexpression of glycosyltransferases in the host cells used for glycoprotein production. Most prior glycosylation engineering experiments have involved constitutive expression of cloned glycosyltransferases. Here we use tetracycline-regulated expression of two glycosyltransferases, N-acetylglucosaminlytransferases III and V (GnTIII and GnTV) to ...
Schiltz M - - 1999
Earlier studies have shown that the profile of mutations induced by (+)-7R,8S-dihydroxy-9S,10R-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (+)-BPDE at the hypoxanthine (guanine) phosphoribosyltransferase (hprt) gene of Chinese hamster V79 cells was dependent on the concentration of (+)-BPDE. In the present study, we examined the effect of the concentration of (+)-BPDE on its mutational profile at ...
Salama S A - - 1999
Polymorphisms in chemical metabolizing genes are known to influence individual susceptibility to environmental cancer. We investigated the role of GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms in modifying the genotoxicity of a tobacco-specific nitrosamine, 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) using the sister chromatid exchange (SCE), and the tandem-probe fluorescence in situ hybridization chromosome aberration (CA) assays. ...
Zhou H - - 1999
The mutagenicity of 4-methylnitrosamine-1-3-pyridyl-1-butanone (NNK), either alone or in combination with low dose alpha particle irradiation, was examined using the human-hamster hybrid (A(L)) cell assay. NNK induced a dose-dependent toxicity in A(L) cells. In combination with a 25 cGy dose of alpha particles, the induced survival fraction fell within the ...
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