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Kataoka Michiyo - - 2002
CHO cell clustering test failed to detect a reversion to PT toxicity of a commercial DTaP vaccine batch that failed to pass the test for reversion to histamine sensitizing (HS) activity. Efficacy of CHO cell clustering assay was, accordingly, evaluated using purified PT treated with graded concentrations of formaldehyde at ...
Holtz Kathleen M - - 2003
NADH:cytochrome b(5) reductase (FpD) is an enzyme capable of converting the prodrug mitomycin C (MC) into a DNA alkylating agent via reduction of its quininone moiety. In this study, Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were transfected with a cDNA encoding rat FpD. Despite the demonstrated ability of this enzyme to ...
Teubner Wera - - 2002
We have constructed Chinese hamster V79-derived cell lines (V79-rSULT1B1-A and -B) that express rat sulfotransferase 1B1 (rSULT1B1). Sulfotransferase activity towards 1-naphthol was 1020 +/- 220 pmol/min/mg cytosolic protein in V79-rSULT1B1-A cells and 57 +/- 9 pmol/ min/mg in V79-rSULT1B1-B cells. These activities were similar over 100 population doublings and at ...
Perez C - - 2002
Heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAs) appear in foods rich in proteins when subjected to different cooking processes. These amines have been demonstrated to be mutagenic in bacteria; in eucaryotic cells, controversial results have been referred. The objective of this study is to evaluate the clastogenic and/or aneugenic capacity of three HAs--2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline ...
Dolcetti L - - 2002
Micronucleus (MN) frequency is generally accepted as a marker of chromosomal damage and has been studied in a variety of cells and species. In previous work, we detected significant dose-related MN increases in the epithelial-like gill cells and agranular haemocytes of Mytilus galloprovincialis treated with benzo[a]pyrene, a well-known mutagenic pollutant. ...
Yu Yin - - 2002
Previous work showed that treatment of plateau-phase Chinese hamster ovary cells with the radiomimetic double-strand cleaving agent bleomycin induced very small deletions as well as interchromosomal reciprocal translocations, both of which could be ascribed to errors in end joining of DNA double-strand breaks. In an attempt to assess the possible ...
Morehead J - - 2002
Lesions caused by Leishmania amazonensis normally heal, but relapses occur due to parasite persistence in host tissues. It has been proposed that infection of fibroblasts plays an important role in this process by providing the parasites with a safe haven in which to replicate. However, most previous studies have focused ...
Saito Makiko - - 2002
To clarify the metabolic bases of characteristic increases in the concentrations of glucosylceramide (CMH) and GM3 in peroxisome-defective mutant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells (Z65), we measured the ceramide glucosyltransferase (CGT) and beta-glucosidase activities in Z65 and CHO-K1 cells, and found that the former enzyme was responsible for the accumulation ...
Durrant Christelle - - 2002
Free oligosaccharides (FOS) are generated both in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and in the cytosol during glycoprotein biosynthesis. ER lumenal FOS possessing the di-N-acetylchitobiose moiety at their reducing termini (FOSGN2) are exported into the cytosol where they, along with their cytosolically generated counterparts possessing a single N-acetylglucosamine residue at their ...
Mai Jeffrey C - - 2002
Protein transduction domains (PTDs), both naturally occurring and synthetic, have been increasingly utilized to deliver biologically active agents to a variety of cell types in vitro and in vivo. We report that in addition to previously characterized arginine-rich PTDs, including TAT, lysine homopolymers were able to mediate transduction of a ...
Huang Yuan - - 2002
The peroxisomal localization of 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase (hereafter referred to as thiolase) was characterized in five Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) mutant cell lines each harboring a dysfunction in the PEX2 protein. PT54 (Pex2pN100) cells carry a nonsense mutation that results in the PEX2 protein truncated at amino acid position 100. SK24 ...
Biondi Olga - - 2002
The human population is widely exposed to polyethylene glycol (PEG) and its chemical derivatives, which are widely used as vehicles or co-solvents in many pharmaceutical and cosmetic preparations. However, PEG polymers of low molecular weight differ significantly from polymers of higher molecular weight in their physico-chemical properties, biological effects on ...
Landauer K - - 2002
In this publication different detachment factors were tested for enhancing carrier to carrier transfer for scale-up of macroporous microcarrier based bioprocesses. Two Chinese hamster ovary cell lines, CHO-K1 and a genetically engineered CHO-K1 derived cell line (CHO-MPS), producing recombinant human Arylsulfatase B, were examined. The cells were grown on Cytoline ...
Rose Christiane - - 2002
Neprilysin (NEP) 2 is a recently cloned glycoprotein displaying a high degree of sequence identity with neprilysin (EC 3.4.24.11), the prototypical member of the M13 subfamily of metalloproteases. Whereas NEP is involved in the metabolism of several bioactive peptides by plasma membranes of various cells, the enzymic properties and physiological ...
Pastor Nuria - - 2002
An uncommonly high yield of spontaneous endoreduplication is a feature of the CHO mutant EM9, besides its defective repair of single, as well as double-DNA strand-breaks and its extraordinarily elevated yield of sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) after bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation into DNA. Since the nuclear enzyme topoisomerase II (topo II) ...
Yanago Eiko - - 2002
We searched for novel Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell mutants defective in peroxisome biogenesis by an improved method using peroxisome targeting signal 2 (PTS2)-tagged enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). From mutagenized TKaEG2 cells, the wild-type CHO-K1 stably expressing rat Pex2p and PTS2-EGFP, cell colonies resistant to the 9-(1(')-pyrene)nonanol/ultraviolet treatment were ...
Ghebeh Hazem - - 2002
An assay was developed to measure the hydrophobic interactions of commonly used mammalian cell lines grown in culture. The assay depends on the loss of cells from an aqueous suspension following vortexing with a hydrophobic oil phase. This allowed the determination of a hydrophobicity index, which was significantly higher for ...
Sun Xiaoyan - - 2002
Intracellular Abeta was examined in both a neuronal cell line (B103) expressing human APP with Swedish mutation and a non-neuronal cell line (Chinese hamster ovary, CHO) expressing wild human APP. Exposure of the APP695sw-transfected B103 cells to okadaic acid for 3 h, Abeta immunostaining was enhanced, as demonstrated by two ...
Foulquier François - - 2002
The CHO (Chinese hamster ovary) glycosylation mutant cell line, B3F7, transfers the truncated glycan Glc(3)Man(5)GlcNAc(2) on to nascent proteins. After deglucosylation, the resulting Man(5)GlcNAc(2) glycan is subjected to two reciprocal enzymic processes: the action of an endoplasmic-reticulum (ER) kifunensine-sensitive alpha1,2-mannosidase activity to yield a Man(4)GlcNAc(2) glycan, and the reglucosylation involved ...
Dillon Carolyn T - - 2002
The uptake of carcinogenic and mutagenic Cr compounds and the intracellular distribution of their biotransformation products in V79 Chinese hamster lung cells were studied by synchrotron-radiation-induced X-ray emission (SRIXE). SRIXE analysis was performed on whole cells that had been treated with either Cr(III) or Cr(V) 1,10-phenanthroline complexes, or Cr(VI). The ...
Imamura Osamu - - 2002
Werner syndrome (WS) is a recessive disorder characterized by premature senescence. Bloom syndrome (BS) is a recessive disorder characterized by short stature and immunodeficiency. A common characteristic of both syndromes is genomic instability leading to tumorigenesis. WRN and BLM genes causing WS and BS, encode proteins that are closely related ...
Kreja Ludwika - - 2002
Microbial volatile organic compounds (MVOC), metabolites of fungi detected in indoor moulds and in working places in compost facilities are considered as a potential health hazard. Their toxicological relevance, however, is largely unknown and data are rare. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the genotoxic, clastogenic ...
Kim E J - - 2002
With respect to developing a more sensitive biosensor, a recombinant fluorescent Chinese Hamster Ovary cell line was used for the monitoring of various toxicants. Both cell lines, EFC-500 and KFC-A10, were able to detect toxicants sensitively. They were characterized with mitomycin C and gamma-ray as genotoxicants and bisphenol A, nonylphenol, ...
Jeney Cs - - 2002
The effects of bafilomycin A1 and of the reduced level of endosomal epsilon-COP (coatomer protein) on the infectivity of human adenovirus type 5 were investigated in Coxsackie adenovirus receptor- (CAR-) transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. The endosomal proton pump inhibitor bafilomycin A1 was able to cause only partial inhibition. ...
Kraakman-van der Zwet Maria - - 2002
We show here that the radiosensitive Chinese hamster cell mutant (V-C8) of group XRCC11 is defective in the breast cancer susceptibility gene Brca2. The very complex phenotype of V-C8 cells is complemented by a single human chromosome 13 providing the BRCA2 gene, as well as by the murine Brca2 gene. ...
Zhang X - - 2001
BRU59-21 and 99mTc-butylene amine oxime (BnAO, HL91) are being evaluated for imaging hypoxia in tumors. Both tracers: 1) rapidly reached a plateau in aerobic Chinese hamster ovary cells in vitro but continuously accumulated in hypoxic cells; 2) ceased to accumulate when hypoxic cells were exposed to air; 3) showed approximately ...
Kuroda Y - - 2001
The antimutagenic activities of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) were examined by studying their effects on induction of 6-thioguanine (6TG)-resistant mutations by ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) in cultured Chinese hamster V79 cells. DRA had a remarkable inhibitory effect against the cytotoxicity of EMS, when cells were simultaneously-treated with EMS, ...
Erexson G L - - 2001
Both the V79 and CHO cell lines are routinely used in the in vitro MN screening assay for the detection of possible genotoxicants. The CHO cell line is the predominant cell line currently used in the genetic toxicology testing industry. However, some laboratories routinely utilize the V79 cell line since ...
Bai X - - 2001
We report the characterization of two Chinese hamster ovary cell lines that produce large amounts of sulfated N-linked oligosaccharides. Clones 26 and 489 were derived by stable transfection of the glycosaminoglycan-deficient cell mutant pgsA-745 with a cDNA library prepared from wild-type cells. Peptide:N-glycanase F released nearly all of the sulfate ...
Ermonval M - - 2001
A soluble form of ribophorin I (RI(332)) is rapidly degraded in Hela and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells by a cytosolic proteasomal pathway, and the N-linked glycan present on the protein may play an important role in this process. Specifically, it has been suggested that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) mannosidase I ...
Matsuoka A - - 2001
We performed the in vitro micronucleus (MN) test on 2-[2-(acetylamino)-4-[bis(2-methoxyethyl)amino]-5-methoxyphenyl]-5-amino-7-bromo-4-chloro-2H-benzotriazole (PBTA-1) and 2-[2-(acetylamino)-4-[N-(2-cyanoethyl)-ethylamino]-5-methoxyphenyl]-5-amino-7-bromo-4-chloro-2H-benzotriazole (PBTA-2), which are newly identified water pollutants from the Nishitakase river in Kyoto, Japan, and on their possible mother compounds (AZO DYE) and intermediates (non-ClPBTAs). We tested these compounds in the absence and presence of S9 mix ...
Lee J S - - 2001
Sphingolipid metabolites, such as sphingosine and ceramide, are known to play important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis, but the physiological roles of phytosphingosine (PHS) and phytoceramide (PHC) are poorly understood. In this study we investigated the effects of PHS, C2-PHC (N-acetylPHS) and C6-PHC (N-hexanoylPHS) on cell growth and ...
Bame K J - - 2001
Heparanases are endoglycosidases that cleave the heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans from proteoglycan core proteins and degrade them to small oligosaccharides. Inside cells, these enzymes are important for the normal catabolism of heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs), generating glycosaminoglycan fragments that are then transported to lysosomes and completely degraded. When secreted, heparanases are ...
Baker K N - - 2001
Chinese hamster ovary and murine myeloma NS0 cells are currently favored host cell types for the production of therapeutic recombinant proteins. In this study, we compared N-glycan processing in GS-NS0 and GS-CHO cells producing the same model recombinant glycoprotein, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1. By manipulation of intracellular nucleotide-sugar content, ...
Lee S H - - 2001
Self-imcompatibility is a controlling genetic mechanism to prevent self-pollination for Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris), one of the major vegetable crops in Korea. To maintain inbred lines of the crop plant, a method in that high CO2 gas is treated to the pistils to overcome the self-incompatibility and thereby self-pollens can ...
Farkasová T - - 2001
The clastogenicity/aneugenicity of N-heterocyclic polycyclic aromatic pollutant 7H-dibenzo[c,g]carbazole (DBC) and its two synthetic derivatives N-methyl DBC (MeDBC) and 5,9-dimethyl DBC (diMeDBC) was evaluated in the genetically engineered Chinese hamster V79 cell line V79MZh1A1 with stable expression of human cytochrome P4501A1 and in the parental V79MZ cell line without any cytochrome ...
Kobayashi J - - 2001
The authors investigated the binding of human plasma 125I-labelled chylomicrons to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, i.e. native CHO cells are mutant ldl-A7 cells lacking the low-density lipoproteins receptor, in the absence and presence of exogenous bovine milk lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in the culture medium. Only a small amount of ...
Boiteux S - - 2001
The repair mechanisms involved in the removal of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) in damaged DNA have been investigated using cell-free extracts or purified proteins. However, in vivo repair assays are required to further dissect mechanisms involved in the repair of 8-oxoG in the cellular context. In this study, we analyzed the removal ...
Eberlein R - - 2001
Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells are used for fermentation of high value proteins in the pharmaceutical- and biotechnology industry. During the fermentation process the cells are grown under specific conditions in a defined media. The CHO cells produce extra cellular proteins. Separation and purification of these proteins result in the ...
Liu C - - 2001
When aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) was added at a concentration of 30 mg/l in DME/F12 medium to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) NTHU-108 cells in static six-well plates, some of the cells exhibited adherent growth while others grew in suspension. Beyond the critical concentration of ATA, CHO cells grew in single-cell suspension. ...
Nara K - - 2001
We have isolated N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine-resistant cell lines from 43-3B Chinese hamster ovary cells, which are deficient in the ERCC1 gene involved in nucleotide excision repair. By Western blotting analysis, we found cell lines that are deficient or decreased in the amount of MSH6, or PMS2, or MSH2 proteins. Cell extracts of ...
Lillehoj E P - - 2001
Recently, we cloned and characterized a full-length cDNA of the hamster Muc1 gene, the expression of which appears to be associated with secretory cell differentiation (Park HR, Hyun SW, and Kim KC. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 15: 237-244, 1996). The role of Muc1 mucins in the airway, however, ...
Corver W E - - 2001
Flow cytometry (FCM) is a sophisticated technique for rapid simultaneous analysis of multiple cellular parameters. The technique is based on the interception of a hydrodynamically focused stream of single cells in suspension by an excitation light beam at high speed. As a result, each cell produces light scattering and fluorescence, ...
van Duijn-Goedhart A - - 2000
To shed light on the mechanism underlying the cellular response to the radiomimetic agents calicheamicin Y(1)(1) (CAL) and neocarzinostatin (NCS), several hamster cell mutants defective in different DNA repair pathways were used. Two X-ray sensitive Chinese hamster V79 mutant cell lines, XR-V9B and V-E5 were studied for their response to ...
Tomioka S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In spite of its high placental transfer, propofol is frequently used in general anesthesia and sedation during obstetric and gynecological surgery such as in vitro fertilization. This study investigated whether or not propofol has a genotoxic potential by the sister chromatid exchange assay in vitro. METHODS: Sister chromatid exchanges ...
Hasinoff B B - - 2000
The bisdioxopiperazines, including dexrazoxane (ICRF-187), are catalytic or noncleavable complex-forming inhibitors of DNA topoisomerase II that do not produce DNA strand breaks. In this study we show that dexrazoxane inhibits the division of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells resulting in marked increases in cell size (up to 80 microm in ...
Forsman T T Orion Pharma, Molecular Biology and Target Protein Research, University of Helsinki, Finland. - - 2000
Human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) 1A6 and 1A9 were expressed using Semliki Forest virus (SFV) vectors. Infection of chinese hamster lung fibroblast V79 cells with recombinant SFV-UGT viruses resulted in efficient protein expression as detected by metabolic labeling, Western blot analyses and immunofluorescence microscopy. The expression of UGT 1A6 and UGT1A9 in ...
Cai Y - - 2000
The DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT) has been shown to protect cells from the toxic and mutagenic effect of alkylating agents by removing lesions from the O6 position of guanine. O6-Benzylguanine (BG) is a potent inactivator of AGT, resulting in an increase in the sensitivity of cells to the ...
Claveau D - - 2000
Cathepsin K is a cysteine protease that degrades type I human collagen during bone resorption. We have expressed the recombinant human cathepsin K in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells as a pre-proenzyme and demonstrated that it is processed intracellularly to an active enzyme form and that only the proenzyme form ...
Chai J G - - 2000
Two apparently contradictory observations have been made concerning peripheral T cell tolerance; costimulation-deficient Ag presentation leads to unresponsiveness, and CTLA4 (CD152) ligation is required for unresponsiveness to be induced. This issue was addressed using a CD80- CD86low B cell line to present Ag to DO.11.10 naive CD4+ T cells. Proliferation ...
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